Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on June 2, 1952 · Page 1
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 1

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ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH AfifttMf of Tilt Associated Pf«i. Sc Pit Copy. Vol. CXVII, Mo. 119 ALTON, ILL., MONDAY, JUNE 2, 1982 E*tiblUhed STEEL SEIZURE RULED Dr. McCracken In Challenge ToShurtleff Class of'52 Commencement Feature Illinois Flag Is Presented To WMA By State Official Noted New York Divine Is Speaker; Honorary Degrees Given "Is society moulding us more than we are moulding society? Are we conforming to the world and its ways or are we being transformed b,y the renewing of our minds?" Dr. Robert J. McCracken, minister of Riverside Church, New York City, posed these questions to the 60 members of the 125th anniversary graduating class of Shurtleff College this morning. The anniversary commencement was held in Upper Alton Baptist Church. "To say 'No* when everybody else is saying 'Yes' calls for the highest and rarest form of moral courage; it requires special grace to say 'No' and keep the affection and respect, of those who are saying 'Yes', Dr. McCracken contin- de, and he closed the commencement address with "You can be strengthened by God in your inner life if you will open it daily to his influence. It was of this Paul was thinking when he said, 'Be not. conformed to this world but be ye transformed by your mind." The Shurtleff choir presented the renewing of College chapel three numbers, "Hallelujah, Amen," Handel, "Lamb of God," Christiansen, and "Easter Hymn", Mascagni, under the direction of Max E. Hdrtges. Honorary Degrees Honorary degrees were awarded to Earl Jasper Hamrick, Aurora; Vernon H. MacNeill, Springfield; Robert J. McCracken, New York; Edward B. Meriwether, Fayetteville, Ark.; Carl R. Mcgowen, Toledo, Ohio; George D. Stoddard, Urbana; Ralph K. Carleton, Whitman, Mass.; W. W. Stifler, Amhurst, Mass.; Dr. Franklin E. Walton, St. Louis; Eunice H. Helmkamp, Chicago; Kenneth S. Latourette, NeW Haven. Conn.; knd June M. Rhoads, Alton. Khoads Citation The citation for Mr. Rhoads read: "Son of a minister, was graduated from Shurtleff College in 1898. . . . took a position on the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, later was on the staff of the St. Louis Republic for 30 years. . . . During World War I he served on the staff of the Alton Evening Telegraph. .. he was a director and secretary of Alton, Jacksonville & Peoria railway, and a director of Mid-Continent Oil Co. of Oklahoma. .. He was stricken with arthritis 38 years ago . . . Perhaps his greatest achievement has been his courage and unconquerable faith, his will to live, and Continued on Page 2, Col. 1. Hartford Man Missing, Fear He Drowned Alton Volunteer Emergency corpsmen today continued search for the body of Jack Holman, 63, of West Seventh street, Hartford, father of nine children, believed drowned in the Mississippi off the Missouri shore across from Hartford Sunday morning. Holman, a foreman with New York Central Railroad who had been with the railroad for 30 years, left the Illinois shore in a motorboat about 5 a. m. Sunday, presumably to cross to the Missouri shore to cut, bean poles. He was last seen in the boat by Harry Smith of Hartford. The empty boat was recovered at 11 a. m. Sunday by Ira Metheny. 438 Evans street, Wood River, and Henry Hose of West Alton. There were several bean poles in the boat. Alton police were notified by St. Charles county Deputy Sheriff Cliff Amrein at 7:55 p. m. Sunday that the boat had been recovered near Connoyer's levee on Missouri Point. Police notified William O'Flaherty, proprietor of Clifton Harbor Service and the Emergency Corps. The AVEC started dragging operations which were discontinued at 3:45 a. m. today and later resumed. Groton School to Admit Negro Student in Fall GROTON, Mass., June 2 UPl— Groton School, one of the most socially exclusive preparatory schools In Ihe country, will admit a Negro student next September for the first time In its 68-year history. The Rev. .lohn Crocker, headmaster, described the step as "an old story." He said a great: many schools have done the same thing. Among the alumni of Groton was the late President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Roosevelt's sons also attended Groton. Uonllier Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday with likelihood of occasional showers or 'thundershowers beginning tonight; highest temperature today near 85; lowest Tuesday morning about 65; highest in afternoon near 80. River Stages i Zero :i95.48 m. c.i Lock &Dam 2(1 W. Bureau 7 •. m. Stage 9.33 Ft. Fall 1.76 Ft. Sea Level 7. a. m. Pool 418.50 Tail water 404.81 Pioneer Troubles Trinity Lutheran History Recounted By Former Pastors Four living former pastors and an assistant were able to take part Sunday in Trinity Lutheran Church's celebration of its golden anniversary. Drasvingxlo a close a day that included Holy Communion observance at the morning services, the former pastors reminised, at a supper yesterday evening, about their experiences during the church's early history. < Under its first four pastors — one of them now dead — the church had its most difficult years. ' In fact, it was looked upon in the synod as the most difficult of all • the charges within the area. Patient Rev. F. H. Brunn, now of Rockford, its organizer who came here originally to take charge of a mission, and pushed through formation of a church, with three communicants signing the rolls, told of his early difficulties. His sight now almost gone and his hearing failing, Rev. Brunn was assisted to the platform last night. Now wearing a smile over his early trials, he told how the church early had had to share a lodge hall with the initiation "goaj:" — a mechanical "critter" with one leg that i-ould be jerked off to spill the candidate. The next move was to a hall where patriotic organizations bad taken possession first. The pulpit was flanked by cannon. Services had to be held in the afternoons, when excursion boat whistles, the C. & A. grinding its way down Piasa street, and finally the Salvation Army band just outside the window enlivened and often completely Interrupted services. In desperation he called on the mission board at Chicago for "advice" — which he explained really meant financial assistance. The spokesman of the board Arrived here umid a terrific snowstorm; even tried to dissuade Rev. Brunn from wading his way to the services. But when three members awaited them at the ohurAi on their t arrival, the synod man volunteer- ed that "any church which can draw that many to a service under such- conditions deserves help. I'll recommend a $1000 loan." Building expenses were somewhat less than they are now, Rev. Brunn pointed out. He could get a whole book of plans for 25 cents, And the members seleoted the Central avenue church's plans from this. Eventually the whole thing, including the stained glass windows which the contractor ed later, was built for about $1800. The Rev. Arnold H. Semmnnn of Chicago, senior counsellor for Northern Illinois district of the Lutheran Church, who followed the Rev. Brunn hero, paid tribute to of the. earlier members whose families still are associated with the church. Particularly, he said, he x had received aid and comfort at the dining table of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Schaperkottor. Last night Mrs, Sehaperkotter, now widowed was seated at the speakers' table. The Rev. Richard R. Torgler, now of St. Louis, spoke next. The audience gave its last previous pastor, the Rev. William C. Gesche, now of Orange, Calif., an ovation. He had spent 2b years here before accepting the western call 11 years ago. It was under his pastorate that the beautiful new church now occupied was built, and the church undei-went its greatest growth. The Rev. Roland Seboldt of Chicago, until recently assistant pastor at Trinity, spoke briefly. Then the Rev. Paul Juergensen. present pastor, recounted how the church, given its firm foothold in early years, now was spreading the word of God through missions — three of them formed here in thej last few years and another at Cot-! tage Hills. : Among those attending the dinner last night, and introduced, Mrs. Elizabeth Boedecker. who. at! 92, is the oldest member of the! church. Herman Mansholl was introduced a* the only charter member still living. ^ The state flag of Illinois was pra Rented* to Western Military Acad emy, Sunday afternoon, by State Auditor Benjamin C. Cooper, at an impressive ceremony on the drill field. The ca.det corps was drawn up before the reviewing stand, after a drill exhibition. Douglas Baker, son of Mr. and Mrs. G. Harold Baker of East. St. Louis, received the flag, as a member of the color guard. The response for the academy was given by Lt. R. B. Jackson, assistant superintendent. The program was opened by Col. C. H. Moore, commandant. Those on the the reviewing stand, besides the participants in the program included Congressman M e 1 v I n Price, Gen. Carl Gray, retired, a graduate of Western; and a representative of the Telegraph. Visitors at the academy for commencement sat in the bleachers at the side of the athletic field. The weather man was kind, and provided a perfect day for the event. Seventy cadets were graduated today in ceremonies at the field house which began at 10 a.m. with Maj. Gen. Gray as the principal speaker. Flag ceremonies h»ld after the graduation exercises closed a three day commencement program which began with presentation, of the senior play at the field house Friday night. Other highlights of the program was the baccalaureate address by Dr. C. Oscar Johnson, pastor of the Third Baptist Church of St. Louis, which was given Sunday afternoon. Valedictorian at the commencement ceremony was Cadet Major Charles F. Bradford, son of Mr. and Mrs. G. G. Bradford of Carthage, Mo. The salutatorian was Cadet Lt. Tom W. Waterhouse, son of Mr. and Mrs. E. P. Waterhouse of Fajrmount. His father is an executive of the Alton Box Board Co. The elementary school graduation exercises svere held Saturday. Twenty students received diplomas. An alumni luncheon was held in connection with the eventi;* Alton Pastors All Returnedj By Methodists Ministers of Alton's Methodist churches were returned to their pastorates, when appointments were announced Sunday at the Southern Illinois Conference at Mt. Vernon. Appointments, a nn o u n c e d by Bishop J. Ralph Magee of Chicago, showed only one* change in the Alton-Wood River area. The Rev! Robert H. Simpson was transferred from Caseyville to First church, at East Alton: and the. Rev, L. B. Walkington was transferred from East Alton to Robinson, HI. Pastors returned to their pulpits: First church, Alton, the Rev. Dale Harmon; Grace, the Rev. Leroy E. Dude; Main Street, the Rev, Carl Mitchell; Godfrey, the Rev. Luther Brookman; Wood River, the Rev. R. A. Llppman. Other appointments included: tho Rev. John Crulcher, Grafton; the Rev. Jesse J. Seiber, Medora- Piasa; Rev. J. H. Burden. Shipman-Plainview; the RPV. William Browning. Worden; the Rev. Harmon M. Dynis. Glen Carbon. Tax Payments Are More Than Half Complete Collections Pour Into City Coffers to Set Record More thnn half the total charged on the Alton tax books had been collected when the tnx office reopened at the city hall today after the weekend holiday period. After Thursday's collection the total of payments reached $8!57,275, it was announced by City Trea surei 1 Osborne. The total on the books, including back taxes, is in round figures $1,640,000, Tax collecting began here two weeks ago today, but the collector's office was actually dpen only 10 days when Sundays and the Memorial weekend holiday is counted out. During the first ten days of the collection period a year ago, O»borne noted, J493.207 was received. Thus the grand total now in hatid is more than double that for the corresponding time last year and means that payments have been rolling twice as fast as in 1951. Collections last Thursday were heavy, and one reason was that the city's biggest industry paid all its general taxes that day, the treasurer reports. The company paid all personal and both its real estate installments of taxes at one time. On all taxes collected through the city treasurer in his capacity of town collector the city is permitted to retain t.wo percent as a collection fee. Already the gross fee earned for the city amounts to $17,000. Costs of collection' ordinarily are about $8500, and the remainder- of the fee after costs are paid goes into the city's general fund to help pay municipal expenses. Today was the opening day of the last: three weeks .of the collection season 4 here. Osborne will close his coll'Sction on Saturday, June 21. He said today that no longer will his office be open of evenings. The office will be open daily from 8 a, m v to 5 p. m. except on Saturday when it will close,at noon'.' •'.*••'"- •••••-.•••• Shurtleff Seniors Hear Dr. Latourette Dr. Kenneth S. Latourette, pro- fpssor of missions and Oriental his- toiy at Yale University, spoke to the 1952 graduating class of Shurtleff College at baccalaureate services Sunday morning in Uppej Alton Baptist Church. The subject of his address was "The Heavenly Vision and the Issue of Obedience." The annual commencement concert was presented before a large audience Sunday afternoon. Taking rart in the musical were the Charel Choir, under the direction of Max E. Hodgf-s, and the men's glee club, directed by Oren L. Brown. Home Relations Topic Of Unitarian Speaker Dr. Charles Lee, in charge of veterans' affains for Washington University, will be the featured speaker Tuesday at 8 p.m. at the First Unitarian Church. Dr. Lee had been scheduled previously, but was unable to be in Alton. The meeting is under the sponsorship of the Adult Education committee of the Unitarian Church. Pr. Lee's announced topic is "Adequate Home Relations the Basis for An Kthical Society." The public in invited. Four-Leaf Clovers Are Profuse in CooperBackyard Dale Cooper, 31, says he has a whole bacKyard of four-leaf clovers—as well as some five- and some six-leaf clovers. He resides at 735 Humboidt court and he and a neighbor, Marion Buckshot, found 75 in an hour or so. Cooper brought the whole bunch of clovers in to the Telegraph and dumped them on a reporter's desk to-prove it. He said he had read recently in the Telegraph where a Jerseyville woman had found 39 four-leafers and just wanted to show the newspaper the.v are.plenty of the allegedly lucky clovers in Alton. It was .tbout five years ago, he recalled, that a Mary Vaughn had resided at the place that ife now his address and she discovered the backyard was producing four-leaf clovers in abundance. The four-leaf variety has continued to multiply, apparently, and there are plenty more where his samples came from, said Cooper. Rrds Cause I4»tn Dinner FRANKFURT, Germany, June 2, /P — Communist prankster:; were blamed today for delaying dinner for 4500 members of the Anti-Communist League of German Youth (BDP). An unidentified caller phoned the Frankfurt city kitchen and ordered the next meal canceled for the BRJ encampment here. Report Clashes As West Berlin Fights Blocks By RICHARD KASISCIIKE BERLIN, .Tune 2 /^-Scattered clashes were reported today as West Berliners sought to push through Communist road blocks sealing off the city from the surrounding Russian zone. At one spot near the American sector border a Communist people's policemen fired warning shots to Scare off West Berliners who tried to enter the Russian zone to get to their jobs. Since Saturday midnight travel from Allied West Berlin into the Russian zone has been stopped- except for transit on the lifelins roads to West Germany. Those vital links were still open and travel was reported normal. Under their new regulations the Communists require a special police permit for traveling In Enst Germany. Since nobody knows where to get these, It means that several thousand West Berliners who work In the Russian zone \viil be unable to get to their jobs when the long Whitesuntide weekend ends tomorrow. A few anxious people already tried it today. They were barred by Red police. The East Zone Communists claim the security measures are necessary as protection against alleged western spies and saboteurs. West Berlin and Allied authoi- ities contend the measures are actually new attempts at harrassment and strangulation of this island city in reprisal for West Germany having signed political and military alliances with the western world. The East Germans also are building deep security belts on their zonal borders with West Germany. About half the rail and highway connections between the Russian zone and the federal republic have been closed. Allied protests have been ignored by the Russians. For the eighth straight day the Russians barred Allied military police patrols from the Berlin- Helmstedt superhighway. Qutdoor Band Concert Finally PlayedByPupih By P. S. COTJST.EY They waited eight years for it— but the result was worth it. Sunday evening the Alton High School Band finally got. to play that, concert in the "bowl" between the school building and Humbert street. Backed up against: the building's east wall, the band had its sound thrown out toward the hillside, atop which most of its 700 or so audience sal. The result was well-nigh perfect, accoustically. And last night, though the mosquitoes forced some of the folks to use for "cover" the newspapers they'd brought for ground protection, even Director Guy Duker had to admit the band's rendition of "The Blue Tailed Fly" was far from appropriate. The players deserted their usual uniforms, and the girls blossomed out in appealing full dress—low- backed gowns and all. It's an idea for future concerts, whether indoors or out. Duker took occasion during the evening to honor the graduating seniors by presenting them with their awards. This was climaxed with announcement that Leroy Tungett had been selected by the band members as "outstanding senior." Following the concert, band members and some of their parents and friends were entertained at a party in the high school cafeteria by parents of the graduating group. At Age of 92 John Dewey Dies, Founded Progressive Edueation System NEW YORK, June 2 ff - Philosopher John Dewey, 92, often described as the father of progressive education, died last night. He was stricken with pneumonia Saturday, just a few days after he was reported recovering from a broken hip. He died at his Fifth avenue home. Dewey injured his hip last November when he fell in his apartment while playing with his two adopted children, Adriene, 12, and John jr., 9. Few, if. any. men had as much influence on educational thinking of his time. Dewey's idea was that emphasis should be placed on the individual child rather than pn the subject. A native of Burlington. Vt., Dewey graduated from the University of Vermont in 1879 and took his doctor of philosophy degree from Johns Hopkins University. Baltimore, in 1884. He started teaching at mice and tqpunued Steelworkcrs Strike Minutes After Decision Murray Orders Walkout In Absence of Contract PITTSBURGH. June 2, /P - The nation's basic steelworkers struck today for the second time this year--mjnut.es after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled President Truman seized the steel industry illegally. President Philip Murray of the CIO United Steelworkers ordered the walkout, in these words: "In the absence of a wage agreement, our members have no alternative other than to ceaso to work." In a statement issued a. fosv minutes after he was told of the court decision, Murray said: "At the same time I call upon the various steel companies to participate in collective bargaining conferences with the representatives of the united steelworkers, looking toward the perfection of a contract firmly baser 1 upon the recommendations of Ihe Wage Stabilization Board." Workers immediately began streaming from mills engaged in defense work in Gary, Ind., Youngstown, and Chicago. No ».\vt» from Industry Murray told newsmen he had received no communications from any steel executives in regard to new contract negotiations. The 650,000 members of the 1,100.000-man union who work in basic steel producing plants struck April 29 for three days after a federal judge declared Truman illegally seized the industry to avert a strike scheduled to start April 9. That walkout ended when President Truman called Murray and steel leaders to the White House for conferences which produced no settlement. Murray has steadfastly held out for a new mi tract based on the recommendations of the WSB last March, which .called for pay raises of 12Vi cents effective last Jan. 1, two and one-half cejnts more in July and a like raise next Jan. 1. The WSB also recommencP ed a union shop. USW members now average around $1.95 in actual earnings. Industry has resisted the WSB recommendations, saying it could inot afford them unless it was granted around $12 a ton price advances. Industry Pleased Industry was pleased by the Supreme Court decision. Board Chairman Ben Moreell of Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. said: ". . . . It seems that once again wise 'and courageous men ,have come to the defense of our form of constitutional government." But J. & L. mill workers weren't "gratified." Tony Canxaro, a crane operator at. the firm's Pittsburgh works, asked bitterly: "What do judges know of steelworkers and steel making?" And President Walter Klis of USW Local 1272 at the same plant, said: "Truman had better not invoke the Taft-Hartley act now. But if he does, the people will see how vicious it L." A U.S. Steel spokesman said the world's largest steel company has begun "an orderly shutdown" in all Pittsburgh area plants. Truman Asks QuickApproval Of Peace Pact Eisenhower to Retire Tuesday WASHINGTON, .tune Z — if — The army Raid today Gen. Dwlght D. Elsenhower will retire tomorrow at his own request —and will •top drawlnjt his $18,761 a year In military pay and allowances , Retirement will free the general from the army's rule against' officers taking an active part in politics and will enable him to campaign for the Republican presidential nomination. Bulletin JOHN DEWEY after a qu#.ier century at CoJun) bia University. this career unnl retiring irj By .fOlfV 51. HKJIfTOfVKR WASHINGTON, June 2-7P- President Truman asked the Senate today for the fastest possible approval of an indirect military alliance betwen the United Slates and West Germany. The President's aidos had ready for submission to the Senate copies of the pacts which Secretary ol Slate Acheson signed, oi' whoso signing he witnessed, in Europe last week. With the pacts goes t statment reportedly emphasizing the administration's view that Senate consent to U. S. ratification of the documents prior to th«> adjournment of Congress is of most impoilance. Treaties of United States are not effective until approved by the Senate. Foreseeing bitter parliamentary fights in France, Germany and possibly other European countries over the addition of West Germany to the European defense system. the Truman administration wouM like the Senate to set the pace. This would be a means of demonstrating to the Europeans this country's determination to get on with the task of linking Germany into the Allied system. Little opposition has appeared in the Senate thus tar, and senators Interviewed today predicted quick approval. ut- the Truman Returns Steel Industry WASHINGTON, June 2, IV— President Truman today ordered the return of th« gtael Inlduatry to private owners lifter the Supreme Court declared hi* seizure action Illegal. Truman directed this action In a letter sent by special meM*en|rer to Secretary of Commerce Sawyer, who had been operating the mills for the government. Tanks Jnfantry BurnRedFlags On Koje Island KOJE ISLAND, Korea, June 2— /P— U, S. tanks and Infantrymen today battered down and burned Communist flags and banners in two Red prisoners of war compounds and a South Korean officer shot and wounded a POW for taunting him. The United Nations supreme com mander, Gen. Mark Clark, visited this riotous island and declared: "The maximum amount of force necessary will be used to make rebellious prisoners obey orders." He said Communist truce, negotiators at Panmonjom Had "directed the uprising here and the .disobedience!" of POVVs. *>The-prisoner' was shot: behind the double ba'rbed wJre of compound 60, which holds some 200 POWs accused of war crimes. Fellow prisoners carried him. bleeding, into a tin shack inside the compound. The shooting took place just after the inmates of compound 60, smallest of the 17 occupied .enclosm'es on Koje. had stoned and shouted insults at: a passing column of South Korean soldiers. Eyewitnesses said the South Korean officer, goaded beyond control, broke for the outer barbed wire fence and fired three shots from a caliber .45 pistol. One hullet hit the POW in Ihe leg. lie twisted and fell. Koje's compounds were quiet tonight after the UN show of force today with tanks and a company of infantry. Only three compounds flew Red banners at sundown, against the camp commander's orders.. Two tanks butted down a flagpole in compound 602 while foot soldiers ripped down insulting banners and set them afire. That operation was carried out in an almost eerie silence, Prisoners in a third compound, on orders, tore down banners and a statue of a North Korean soldier. Two forays were made into once bristling enclosures. Chinese and North Korean prisoners, who had murdered fellow prisoners and defied Allied authority, stood cowed before the combat-wise Infantrymen—some armed with baseball bats and shillelaghs, They were ordered Into the enclosures by the camp commandw, Brig. Gen. llaydnn L. Hoalner. Supreme Court Upholds Pine's Ruling, Vote 6-3 Majority Opinion Truman Usurpefl ' Powers WASHINGTON, .Time 2. VP — trV s'uprptne Court ruled 6-3 today trwt President Truman's seizure df .tfw* steel industry was unconstltuflbnal. Within minutes CIO President PM- Ip Murray called a strike of his 650,000 ste In ft historic derision * down hard Truman's claim >te »tef inherent power under the Cbnstitti- (ion. the high court upheld, th* ruling of U.S. pistrlct Ua'vM A Fine that the president atfttd illegally In seizing the steel mills April 8 to head off a strike. ' This meant the go obey Pine's order to turtt back to their owners. It also meant the ministration could no't through its promise of a Wage increase tc the steel workers f 'fchik the mills were under 'government ownership. Today's high court decision wa.« written by Justice Black. Chief Justice Vinson and Justices Reed and Mlnton dissented. Today's decision was of overriding importance to the controversy —as old the Amarican republic-Itself—over how great are the pow ers of the presidency. Truman has repeatedly claimed he has inherent power under the constitution to seize a private In dustry, or take a .wide variety o/ other actions, to safeguard the welfare of the nation In time of nation al emergency. F»wer Belongs to Congress The court said firmly, however. that this power belongs to Congrest and not to the president—either a: the civilian head of the govjenK nient. or as cormnander-in-chief 0),.} f the armed forces. ' *.There was no immediate cottv ' 4 > ment from the White &oiise a!-/^ though Truman has said he wil abid^by**^' Supfeme Court's de cisibiv-wHfle saying at the sam< time neither the $upreme Cour, nor Congress can take away to: powers to act in ah emergency. Robert BulJer. St. Paul Indus trialist and former ambassadoi to Cuba, was in the President's of fice when an aide gave Truma) the news of the court's ruling. Butler said Truman "didn't makt any comment, at least in front o me." Secretary of Commerce Sawyer named by Truman to boss the gov eminent-seized mills, declined 1m mediate comment. Aides.said lu was -conferring by telephone wit! the White House. The government was expected it. notify the owners of the steel mills later this afternoon that it.is'turn- ing the properties back to thorn John W, Davis, the lawyer whc argued the steel companies' cast before the Supreme Court, arranged to issue a statement latei on behalf of the industry. In addition to the majority opinion by Justice Black separate concurring opinions were wrltter by Justices Frankfurter, Douglas Clurk, Jackson and Burton. For a few moments it appeam that the decision had been unanimous. Then reporters were handec a dissenting opinion by Chtel .Justice Vinson, in which Justices Reed and Minton joined. Black's opinion said Truman's April 8 order for seizure of th* steel industry "cannot properly h« sustained as an exercise of thr President's military power at Continued on Page 3, Col. X. To Bomb Russia Air Power Must Be K!ey to U. S. Foreign Policy, Says Taft H.v JHKRY T. BAUU.'H WASHINGTON, June 2 /!• _ Sen. Robert A. Taft says a strong American foreign policy must bo built around air power potent enough to protect this continent from attack and capable of bombing Russia's heartland. On this score, the Ohio senator said, the administration and Gen. Owight D. Eisenhower, his pnn- cipal opponent for the Republican presidential nomination, have failed. Taft said "There has been a steady deterioration in our comparative air power, which began while Gen. Eisenhower was chief of staff." The administration, Taft declared, has permitted this nation to lose the air supremacy it had at the end of World War JI while spending billions of dollars on overseas handouts. In a speech broadcast nationally by NBC yesterday, the Ohio senator made only passing mention of Eisenhower's name but he apparently was having his say before the general make* bi» first politi- cal speech in Abilene, Kas., Wednesday. Eisenhower arrived here from Paris Yesterday to start winding up his military duties before beginning a self-limited presidential nomination campaign, Taft linked President Trumnn. Secretary of State Acheson am' Eisenhower to America's curre>j« foreign policy. He said this polity "is maintaining neither our security nor our pence nor our solvency." Taft said his GOP opponents attack him whenever he differs with administration foreign policy, adding: "They seem to be afraid thai a direct attack on the administration is an attack on General Ei*en- hower." Repeatedly Taft emphasized that in the Republican presidenllaJ campaign, "there must he no hesitation about attacking the foreign policy of Mr. Truman and Mr. Acheson." "We cannot afford to candidate who will mil utter failure of Mr. iarainislration." Tail t»i&

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