Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 12, 1938 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, December 12, 1938
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1 v John T. Flynn Says: About Inventions . . . How They Happen and How They May Knock Depression By JOifN T. FLYNN NEA Service Staff Correspondent Charles F. Ketlcring, General Motors' laboratory man and invention hunter, tokl the O'Mahoncy monopoly committee in Washington that what the country needs is new industries. But what interested mo most was his statement Unit you cannot just go out and look for new inventions and find them in a hurry. Hiram Surrenders But Heirs Battle the Tax Collector s Conflict Between States Often Results in Double Taxation STORY OF ESTATE Today, States Are Honor. ing Each Other's Suits for Taxes This is the Last of four stories In wliidi 11 inyflilnil chnrnctcr, Hiram, has difficulty with conflicting stale laws. Ky HARVEY WERTZ NBA Srviec Staff Correspondent During liis three-day life span, Hiram, the legnl dummy, figured in a .great deal of litigation involving his automobile, his wife and his taxes. After his dentil ho still was to be tlie subject of litigation as his heirs A burning question:, where lives a man, who has two homes? sought to divide the estate accumulated by the dummy who was the brain child of Dean Herbert F. Goodrich of the University of Pennsylvania law school. Hiram's heirs had watched a few years ago as the highest court in the land swept sway a great mass of pre- C"dont and simplified nstnte problems by a solution which came close to amounting to "one man, one tax." "This was a highly desirable de- He said lie had young men working -©on definite problems for 15 years who had not found the answer yet. In that statement lies an important fact for thos who arc sitting around waiting for a new invention to drag us out of the hole. I once spent a day with another 'mlan like Charles Kcttering—Dr. Willis R. Whitney, retired head of the General Electric Laboratories, He said that way of the great epoch- making inventions were discovered by ooking specifically for them. Scientists stumbled over them, often looking for something else. The Roentgen rays—X-rays which have played so amazing a role in medicine and engineering—were not discovered because someone realized we ought to have n means of looking through a man's body and observoing its defects. Roentgen was looking for something else. When he found the X-/ray it was good for looking through the teeth at hidden defects. Flying Began With Fly Wheels We did not learn to fly by working through a long series of inventions directed at that precise end. Flying became possible and indeed inevitable, Dr. Whitney told me, when the gasoline motor was discovered, The who made that motor was not thinking about inventing flying. Radio was not discovered by men seeking directly for a means of distan communication or or broadcasting. 1 was an accident. When Edison discovered the incandescent lamp he was deeply trouble by a glow which appeared neaer the base of the filamen in the lamp. He worked and others worked to get rid of that defect—they called it the Edison effect. They did not know it was radio they were trying to get rid of. For it is that phenomenon which led to radio when it was understood. It had actually been discovered for years before anyone knew it. Curiosity Kills An Egg At the time I talked to Dr. Whitney he had just made a strange discovery He wasn't looking for it. He was experimenting with electricity as a means of sli'm'ulating the growth of plants. < Out of mere curiosity lie subjected an egg to the small device he had constructed. It killed the egg. So he thought perhaps he had found a means of killing insect pests. He put flics in a test tube and applied his current. The flies died. When he ran a cold air current through the, tube he found the flies came to life. Soon he discovered that what had happened to the flies was that the electricity had given them fever. In the end, what started out to be a means of stimulating the growth of plants ended in the fever Star WEATHER. Arkansas*—Cloudy, colder, freezing in north and central portions Monday night; Tuesday fair. VOLUME 40—NUMBER 51 HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1938 PRICE 5c COPY NAZI COUP ON BALTIC Eason Is Elected Captain of Next Year's Grid Team Bobby Ellen, Center Is Selected Sub-Captain of Squad FACE HARD~SCHEDUL Bobcat Basketball Team to Open Season Monday Night Football Icltormeii of the Hope High School, 'niteting with Coaches Hnm- mons and Brasher, Monday selected Joe Eason, fullback, as captain of the 193!) squad. Bobby Ellen, center, was elected sub- captain of next year's team. Coach Hammons reported that he was preparing the toughest schedule vclopment," says the Dean. It appeared the court was doing a great deal machine—a machine to give fever ar- for the taxpayer and it looked like on-, tificially to human beings and to con- ly common fairness that a tax the size I tro [ that fever perfectly. And it is an odd thing that this same harlcs Kcttering, intrigued by Dr. Whitney's interesting experiment, has spent a great deeal of money in his tome town of Daytton to enable physicians to experiment with Dr. Whitney's fever 'machine. 'Some amazing invention some of these days may bob up to knock the depression in the eye. But it will probably come as unexpected as the Xray, the flying machine, the radio, the fever machine. One thing is sure— invention is not done. Someone asked Thomas Edison on his of an inheritance tax should be levied only once. 'Now what arc the problems left before us'.'" queries the Dean, and tficn answers: "The Supreme Court lias said that the tax may be imposed at the domicile or home? But where is the home? "Was Hiram's home in Ohio where he spent the winter, or in Michigan where he spent the summer? Only the courts can finally determine. The courts of N\cw Hampshine have said a man's home is where he makes it, and (Continued on Page Four) A Thought The Bible is a window in this prison of hope, through which we look into eternity.—Dwight. Italians Have Good Memory...Go Back 13 Centuries for Glainjs Upon Tunisia Seat of Ancient Carthage, Captured by Great Romans But Rome • Has Had No Claim There Since the Year 642 A. D. VERY FERTILE LAND Tunisia, Africa's Choicest Spot, Adjoins Italian Libya Helen B. IMctcalf is a wcJI-Jcnotvn and widely traveled journalist who has lived in Tunisia and knows that country and its people intimately. Joe Eason ever faced by' a Hope High School team. G'ne of the games will include the Pine Bluff Zebras at Hope the week before Thanksgiving. Tlie Bobcats will open the seas next fall at Hope against Haynesville, La., now in the running for the Class A championship of Louisiana. Other teams, tentatively scheduled, (Continued on Page Four) By HELEN B. METCALF NEA Service Special Correspondent What is behind Italian demands'foi return of Tunisia? How do Mussolini's underlings justify their diatribes against French control of that ancieni African land? One must go back about 13000 years for the answer, for Italian peoples have had no governmental control in or of Tunisia since G42 A. D. Legend says the Phoenician Queen Dido built the famous city of Carthage, almost on the exact site of which the present Tunis, capital of the coun.- try, is'situated. ' • • ••"""" In the second century B. C., Carthage fell to Rome, and for all but a few of the next 800 years the whole North African province belonged either to the western or the eastern Roman Empire In the 7th century it fell to the Mohammedan Arabs, and was known as the Kingdom of Kairwan. (The present city ofKairwan is the second holiest of the Moslem world; the pilgrim who cannot reach Mecca find his satisfaction at Kairwan.) For brief periods Tunis came under the domination of Sicily and Spain, and then in tlie 16th century was conquered by Turkey, which allowed local -autonomy. Resources Aplenty Since 1100 A. D., European interests have fought for posssession of Tunisian natural resources. Her coral fisheries on the northern coast are about the finest in tlie world. Tunisia is the 'm'ost fertile of the Nortli African countries. Grain, grapes, citrus, grazing and special stud farms for horses and cattle are (Continued on Page Four) SERIAL STORY SKI'S THE LIMIT BY ADELAIDE HUMPHRIES COPYRIGHT, 1938 NEA SERVICE. INC. Assessments against the estate of Col. Greene amounted to more than his entire estate. not where he would like to have it." Tax Collector Kings Twice Other courts, Hiram's heirs learned have said a man's home is where he mi:kcs it and not of necessity where he KiO's it is. Dean Goodrich cited the case of Dr. Dtimince. "The law which may affect Hiram's estate was practically made in the case of Dr. John T. Dorrance, an extremely wealthy head of a great company. He had his home for many years in New Jersey. As his four daughters grew up they became interested in society and family moved to u Philadelphia suburb in Pennsylvania. "At his death the stale of Pennsylvania claimed an inheritance tax. Counsel for the estate came into court and protested thul Dr. Dorrance was u resident of New Jersey, citing the fact that Dr. Dorrance had voted and paid taxes there, and had drawn his will under the laws of New Jersey. (Continued on Page Four) j'l ill Some of the following statements arc true. Some are false. Which iU'e which? 1. An oJlo is a Spanish jar. i!. Football players may lose us much as 10 pounds in a hard game. 3. A! Smith's birthday comes on Christmas. 4. The World Court meets in Geneva. 5. The Bessemer process is a systcjn of bridge playing. Answers on I'ugu CAST OP CUAHACTKHS SALLY 11 LA III — heroine. She hnd everything that popularity could win her, except DAJV III3YJVOLD.S— hero. He might have had Sail}- but while he wan king on »ki* COHI3Y l»ORTI3lt was king of <hc nodal whirl. So ... But go «m with the story. * * * CHAPTER I 'T'HERE was really no doubt as to who would be chosen Queen of the Ice Carnival. All bets were on Sally Blair. Sally was the prettiest, the most popular girl to be invited to the winter festival. Sally, herself, would have been more surprised if she had not been chosen than she was when the committee informed her she had been. "As if anyone else could be Queen!" Corey Porter said with smug gratification. For Sally was Corey's girl. For the next few days, anyway. It was no small feather in Sally's pretty cap to have been invited by Corey, either. Corey was president of his senior class, best fraternity on the campus, key- man. He was the only son of Peterson Porter, the steel magnate, no mean accomplishment in itself. "9.\ey made a handsome couple, Sally and Corey, swinging along, hand in hand, toward the practice hill where contestants would be getting in trim for the big meet the next day. Sally was as small and darb and sparkling as Corey Illustration by Henry G. Schlensker. (Continued on Page Four) They ulere standing breathless, Watching a dark high above ihcir heads, 40,OOO ITALIAN TROOPS MASSED N SPANISH PYRENEES* FRENCH TROOPS A&E AT ANP IN SAVOY A0OUE BUT THCIR NUMBERS ARC NOT KNO\WN««» CONCENTRATIONS AT FRENCH BORDER OF UNREVEAL.EP STRENGTH PARIS TO TUN IS, AlRUrJe 90O TUNISIA, A RACH ANP COUNTRV 7 CENT6R OF ITALIAN^ FRENCH DISPUTE POR, MANY o XOO.OOO FRENCH -TROOPS IN TUNISIA ?Ace GARRISON'S op UNKNOWN STReMGTH \N LIBYA* FRENCH TERRITORY ITALY Showing troop concentrations and airline distances between principal cities as Italy demands return of Tunisia and other one-time possessions now held by France. Brazilian Heads Pan-America Unit Franco, Ex-Foreign Minister, to Direct Western Peace Move LIMA, Peru.—(/P)—Alfrania de Mello Franco, former foreign minister of Brazil, Monday was elected chairman of the important Pan-AYrierican conference committee for tlie organization of peace. Tlie committee, of which Alf M. Landon is the chief United States member, has already started work on a sweeping project for safeguarding the security of the Americas. • Argentina With U. S. LIMA, Peru.—(#>)—The north and south poles on Pan-Americanism—tlie United States and Argentina—seemed in agreement Sunday as the first week of the Pan-American Conference executive work opened with prospects of attaining outstanding accords for preservation of peace and integrity in the New World. The two nations whose disagreements n the past have marred several 'an-America'n conferences appeared hrough their represenatives, United States Secretary of State Cordell Hull and Argentine Foreign Minister Jose VTaria Cantilo, to be in agreement on most of the principles to be followed. The warm handshake, almost an embrace, which Canilo gave Hull when the latter finished his speech 'Sunday was deemed by delegates today .o be symbolic of a new feeling bc- .ween the two countries. Hull had joined Cantilo .and Dr. Carlos Concha, Peruvian foreign minister,-in proclaiming the need of a common front by the Americas against outside military or political invasion. Would Squelch Germans Tlie Brazilian delegation prepared a plan for submission to the Congress providing a declaration against any minority claiam which might be Vriade upon tlie Americas. The proposal obviously was designed against possible claims such as those by Czechoslovakia's Sudeten Germans which preceded dismemberment of the European republic. The Brazilian delegation was said to have been inspired by fears caused by the existence in Brazil of a minority movement among the German population of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catharina. In those states there arc cominVunities where only the German language is spoken. There are approximately 500,000 Germans in Rio Grande Hope Girl Injured in Auto Accident Miss Lorene Green in Julia Chester Hospital With Broken Ankle Miss Lorene Green, about 20, Hope telephone operator, sustained a broken right ankle and bruises about the body about 2 a. m. Sunday when the car she was driving crashed into the rear of another machine which was parked on highway 71, two miles north of Texarkana. Miss Green was taken to a Texarkana hospital and later removed to Julia Chester hospital at Hope. A physician Monday said Miss Green wjas resting well. , Three other Hope persons were riding in the car with Miss Green. They were Noel Alford, Richard Arnold and Valla Dean Arnold. They escaped with minor bruises when (lie car went into a ditch after striking the automobile which was parked on the highway. The car which was struck speeded toward Texarkana after tlie accident an no identification was made. Tlie car n which Miss Green was riding was damaged considerably. Tlie Hope group was returning home from Club Lido at the time of the accident. Brother of Hope Woman Is Killed Leland S. Shaw Fatally In- jurecl in Automobile Accident Word was received Monday of the death of Leland S. Shaw, brother of Mrs. Carl B. Jones of Hope. Mr. Shaw, son of the late Judge D. A. Shaw, attorney of Poteau, Okla., was instantly killed Tuesday, December 6th, in an automobile accident near Washington, D. C., where he had been employed for the past three months Tlie body was sent to Poteau, Oklahoma, for burial. He is survived bj his \vodow and son stepmother, Mrs Nora Shaw, of Oklahoma City, and tovcral brothers and sisters. High School Band Will Give Concert First-of Winter Programs to Be Given Tuesday Night Presentnig its first concert of < tlie winter season, the Hope High School Band, under the direction of Thomas Cannon, will be heard Tuesday night, December 13, at 7:30 at the city hall auditorium. A very interesting and unusual program has been arranged with the idea of having something which will-'appeal to every taste. The program follows: March, Collegian, Yoder. Overture, "Barber of Seville," Rossini. Selection, "Morning," from "Peer Gynt Suite," Grieg. Trumpet Trio, "Trumpeters Three," Johnson. March, "Semper Fidelis," Sousa. Intermezzo, "In a Persian. Market," Ketelby. March, 'Stars and SlripesForever," Sousa. Brass Sextet, "Memories of Stephen Foster," Selected. Two Christmas Carols, (a) "Hark the lerald Angels Sing," Cb) "It Came Jpon a Midnight Clear," (the audience vill join in singing). March, "Colonel Bogey," Alford. "Star Spangled Banner." (.Continued on Page Four) Cotton NEW ORLEANS — (/Pj — Decembcj cotton opened Monday at 8.55 ant closed at 8.50-52. Spot cotton closed quiet two points lower, middling 8.43. Asks 6-Year Term p m f\pp' * i for Tax Officials HouseSpeaker Would Strengthen Assessors and Collectors LITTLE ROCK Speaker John M. Brandsford of the House of Representatives told tlie Arkansas Assessors association Monday that county assessors and tax collectors should be elected for six-year terms without the right to succeed themselves. Beg Pardon Tlie name of Evan Wray was omitted from the 55 list of donations to the Goodfellow's club which was published last Friday. The Star regrets this error. Mr. Wray was one of the first group to contribute to the fund. It was also reported that the Syc McMath Scottish Rite club donated 55 The name of the ctyb should have red: Scottish Rite club of Southwes Arkansas. (Continued on Page Four) 1 *1 Shopping Days A Till Christmas aINPV W6 -R.YING TO MEXICO fi& AMBASSAPPft OF GOOP WiLt-** T OOKING BACK TO CHRIST'-'MAS U YEARS AGO— Lindy was flying to Mexico as ambassador of good will Mayor "Big Bill" Thompson of Chicago was shaking his fist at King George. . . . Old-timers in sports were mourning death of Young Griffo. . . , Music lovers ijejighted over new child prodigy, Yehudi Menuhin, 10. , . , Death of 40 young men when Submarine S-4 was in Cape Cod Bay cast pall on holiday season. German Victory in Memel Balloting Stirs Up British Both France and Britain < Will Object to Any Annexation Plan THREATjUBY ITALY Mussolini's Mouthpiece Now Wants to Take. French Somalilarid LONDON, Eng—(fl 3 )—Prime Minister Chamberlain told the House of Commons Monday that Great Britain and France had expressed the "hope" that Germany would not annex Memel. He also told parliament that Britain is not obligated to go to France's aid - v in the event of an Italian attack on France or her colonies. Nazi Victory in Memcl MEMEL, Lithuania— (IP)—The pro- Nazi Memel directory, flushed with what.it termed a smashing victory in the parliamentary elections Sunday decreed an end to Lithuanian police powers Monday in this former German territory. The decree asserted that only police of autonomous Memel would be permitted to control the security of the territory lying in Lituanian's southwest corner, adjoining Germany.' Political observers declared the final decision as to any change in the territorial status of Memel, the object of German ambitions to expand along the Baltic, would be made at Berlin iand not at MemeL ' ; • ' New Italian Threat '.-. ROME, -Jtalyr^fl?)—Italy's .need • of French Somaliland for the" development of Ethiopia was declared Monday by Virginio Gayda, Fascist editor who often expresses Premier Mussolini's views. Gayda5 who previously had aired Italy's alleged grievances against France in Tunisia, and her desire for lower tolls and a share hi the control of the Suez canal, charged the French with hindering Italian colonial interests through the possession of Djibouti, the terminus of the railway linkink Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia, with the Red sea. Gayda's declaration coincided with other Italian press charges that France is arming Tunisia, North Africa .protectorate, for military use against Italy. Nazis Win • MEMEL, Lithuania—(£>)—Nazis voted heavily and claimed a victory Sunday in the Memel Diet elections which were regarded as a prelude to return of the territory to Germany. Nazi party quarters said they had captured at least 26 of the 29 seats, although complete results will not be known for at least five days. Tlie election itself was marked by order among the 152,000 population— the only casualty in pre-poll activities being an American named Robert Sellmer, a free lance newspaper man. (Reuters, British news agency, re-' ported that Sellmer was a contributor to Ken magazine.) Sellmer's statement to the Lithuanian Bureau of Public Activities, corroborated by a Kaunas journalist who was a witness, said he was beaten by three uniformed guards for not replying to Hitler salute as he was crossing a street in Memel early this morning. Two policemen intervened, he said, and he was taken to the police station where on policeman held his

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