Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 9, 1938 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, December 9, 1938
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Joi.n T. FlynnjSays: A Disssenting Opinion on Economist Thorp's Indictment of Sherman Anti-Trust Law. By JOIIN T. FLYNN NBA Service Stnff Correspondent The prologue to the swelling theme of the monopoly investigation has served at least one good purpose. H has helped to show what nt least some of the monopoly investigators have in thoir minds. Most important in his respect, though least helpful of the three performances, was the dissertation 6 by Mr. Thorp, from the Commerce Department. _ g> Mr. Thorp put chief emphasis on the lAtlCO^lAtl T Olir I ft 10 ''hat there is, outside the aluminum vllodllUH JudyY industry, no real monopoly in the United Slates. What he meant was that in no industry safe aluminum did any single corporation enjoy a complete monopoly. Of course it was not necessary to have Mr. Thorp spend six months in research to tell us that. Even the Proposal for New Session Outlined I Constitutional Amen'cl- i ment, Just Approved, Is ^ People's Mandate > COMPULSORY FOR 5 Would Pay 60% of Worker's Wages for Period of 400 Weeks LJTTLE ROCK. — The workman's compensation law which may be enacted for Arkansas by the next legislature was discussed by Robert P. Hall, secretary of the Arkansas State Chamber of Commerce, at a dinner meeting of the Little Rock Bar Association at the University Club Thursday night. Provisioas of the proposed bill, being drafted by committees of the State Labor Department and the State Chamber of Commerce, were explained briefly by Mr. Hall, speaking, he said, "from the viewpoint of a citizen interested in the development of the state." Information froYrt many sourcs was obtained by tile committee, Mr. Hall said. He said the committee was open to suggestions. Compulsory for Five Workers As tentatively drawn, the bill provides the program shall be compulsory for all firms with five or more em- poyes and elective on the part of the employer of less than five persons. Excepted from the bill are agricultural labor, domestic servants and news boys, the latter because usually they are independent business carriers. Administration of the law is vested in in a three-member Workmen's Compensation Commission, to be appointed by the governor. Five referees to investigate and hold hearings over the state are provided in the administrativ? setup. A member of the com'm'ission must be 30 years of age, a resident of the state for the three years before appointment; experinced as an employer, an employe. One member shall be an attorney with at least five years of practice. • . ...-•• • • •:.-•. Dissatisfied employes or employers _may appear before the commission 'with legal counsel. An appeal to the courts may be taken from the commission's findings. Schedule of Payments Mr. Hall assured his listeners that an injured employe would be given the best medical treatment. In case of death a definite sum would be paid his beneficiary plus funeral expenses. In case of death or total disability of an employe in line of duty, the beneficiary would receive for 400 weeks 60 per cent of the deceased's average wckly wag or an equal single payment. Tentative minimum and maximum under this provision have been fixed at ?6 and $20 per week. In case of injury a luYiVp sum settlement could be made with approval of the Compensation Commission, Mr. Hall said. The law would not provide compensation for employes who might be injured because of intoxication or who inflict wounds upon themselves. Mr. Hall did not go into the details concerning the schedule of compensation payments set up for injuries for occupational diseases. That lias been one of the major problems confronting the drafters, he said. The act does not consider responsibility for the accident, negligence on the part of the employe or empoyer, but siYiVply sets up a schedule of compensation regardless of liability. It will be one of the few in the United States to include compensation for diseases contracted because of occupation, Mr. Hall said. The proposed act enumerates about 18 such diseases. Assessment Plan Costs of the proposed act will be met by a percentage assessment on insurance carriers' stock and mutuai, and on self-insurers, Mr. Hall said. He said the assessment plan was tentative and mentioned no amount. Under the entative plan, all revenue accruing will be placed in a special fund for use by the commission. The fund will bear administrative expense. Lawyers who appear for clients would be allowed a fee of 25 per cent for the first 51,000 in compensation plus 10 per cent for all over $1,000. Reviewing, briefly, previous attempts to enact a workmen's compensation law, Mr. Hall said labor for 10 or 15 years had been demanding a compensation law. An attempt was made to enact such a law in the 1937 legislature, but it was learned the constitution gave the legislature no authority to do so and the amendment was necessary. Amendment No. 27 received more voles than any other proposal or any candidate in the last general election Mr. Hall said. "Seventy-eight thousand people have asked that a compensation law be written and it is up to us to see that they get the best one possible." He praised the service of the State Labor Department in compiling information and doing research into comparative condensation acts. Hope it- Star WEATHER. Arlcan&as^—Fair and warmer in west portion Friday night; Saturday increasing cloudiness, warmer* VOLUME 40—NUMBER 49 HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1938 PRICE 5c COPY PAN Standard Oil of John D. Rockefeller in its heydcy never had more than a 90 per cent control of (lie refining busi ness, if that much. Every student of the subject knows that the problem of monopoly is not and seldom has been a problem; of attack upon some single corporate giant. Monopoly as a problem ha salways meant the problem created by the combinations of a number of otherwise independent operators. Few Complete Monopolies Even in the case of monopoly by agreement we have had few cases of 100 per cent monopoly—that is, monopoly of every feature of the industry. There have been cases where vry producr in the industry has been found in an agreement No one will doubt this is monopoly. But usually the agreements have covered only certain features of the industry. Perhaps it has been limited to a division of territory, or to production quotas, or to prices or to patents or to other competitive functions. It was none the less a 'monopoly because it did not extend its monopoly effects to every phase of its activity. Following this Mr. Thorp completely revealed his mind. He said the Sherman anti-trust law had been the chief cause of combinations in this country. Because independent Industrialists could not get together and make monopolistic agreements under the law, they united into single corporations within Die law. Of course to sa ythat lias been the chief cause of combinations is to ignore the whole history of corporate development. There have been such cases. But it is incredible that a man who ha staught economics in a first-class college can make so egregrious a misstatement of history. The process of combination had proceeded to the most dangerous and destructive lengths before the anti-trust law was passed. Law Is Great Help Since that time the enormous advantages of combination in the corporate form for financing purposes, to evade all sorts of laws, to hide earnings, to exploit the public through stock issues .etc., .was all the incontive.to Combination that was needed Mr. Thorp has been loaned to the government gratis by the Wall Slree firm of Dun & Bradstrcet. What he believes is that independent enter prises ought to be allowed to get together and make agreements without the hindrance of the anti-trust laws. That is what Mr. Thorp is working for and toward. He represents that group which will move heaven and earth to revive the old NRA agreements. He has a right to such views and to work for then). But he ought not to be 'inside" the government working from within as a representative of the government. ft ft ft -ft " ft & ft ft ft ft ft ft ft y Roosevelt to Revive the Reorganization Bill 1 Nations of the President Will Seek Passage of Bill Once Beaten Presidential Message to Be Sent to the Incoming Congress SPEED UP SECURITY May Advance Pension Payday Date—New Industrial Labor Plan WASHINGTON. - (/P) — President Roosevelt disclosed Friday that he planned to send to congress another message recomlmcnding legislation empowering him to reorganize government agencies. The legislation he will request will be broad in scope, lie said, adding thai he understood various members ol congress planned to introduce bills. Nazis Scoff at Quaker Expedition to Germany BERLIN, Gerinany.-(7P)—Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebels' newspaper, Dor Angriff, declared Friday 'we must laugh" at the Quaker delegation which is coming from the United States to investigate the condition of Jews and other minorities in Germany. Robison Takes 1st Prize in Contest National Champs at WaiisvjBeDec.14 Lewis & Norwood "Flyers" to Clash With Tupelo, Miss., Team WILLISVILLE ,Ark.—The Willisville wishes to invite all neighboring schools and friends to visit with them in their gymnasium next Wednesday night, December 14, 1938. There will be a preliminary game between Willisville and Central boys at 6:45 o'clock as a curtain raiser to the big game at 8 o'clock. The Central boys hold a number of victories this year. One of the victories including Prescott. The Willisville boys having a stronger team than usual makes the preliminary game a good one. The Lewis and Norwood Flyers, 1937 lational champions, will have as their opponents Tupelo, Miss., another strong girls' team. The basketball season is getting un- ler way and we feel that all basketball overs would be glad to come out and see (he national champions play. These ,w ogirls teams play the highest type jasketball that one could expect to ice. The Lewis and Norwood Flyers include many ball players from neighboring cities, including Lemu Martin. A local girl from Willisville; Hazel Walker, an all-America, from Ashdown, and several others. Tliis will be the nearest place you will have a chance to see the national champions play. The admission will be 15 and 25 cents. To 'Increase Pension Rolls WASHINGTON.-(/P)~The Social Security advisory council will recommenc to congress and the president this week-end an early extension of the federal old-age insurance system at least 2,600,000 more workers. It probably also will advocate beginning insurance payments January 1, 1934, instead of January 1, 1942, Industry's Plan NEW YORK.—yp)—The employment reations committee of the National Association of Manufacturers convention drafted for submission Friday a general program,' for'use in working out jointy with the government and labor future changes in labor legislation. The employment report, it was learn- e,d, stressed the following points: 1. Equal rights for both cmptyyor and employe, with due regard to,the public interest. 2. The right of workers to self-organization and collective bargaining through representatives of their own choosing. 3. The use of established rules of judicial procedure in settlement of disputes when legal action becomes necessary. 4. Labor egislation should observe the constitutional rights of free speech, rights of property, the right to work or not work, to the same exent that those rights are commonly enjoyed by other citizens. Awarded $15 for Best Holiday Window—J. C. Penney Is Second The Geo. W. Robison cdrnpany Friday was awarded first place and the ?15 cash award offered by The Star in a city-wide Christmas window decorating contest among Hope merchants. The J. C. Penney company took second place and the ?5 cash prize. The Robison company scored 34 ou of a possible 40 points for first-place winner. The J. C. Penney company scored 33 points out of a possible 40. Other runner-ups were Ladies Spec ially Shop and Duggar's store. They tied with 32 points each. Hope Furni ture company scored 28'/z points. The judges,, in no way connecte< with The Star, made a tour of th windows after the unveiling which tool place at 7 o'clock Thursday night. Judging was based on originality and display of merchandise. Merchants competing in the contes arc to be congraulated for their 1 day window displays which 6 i>ralse from "the j udgte BS"WelV4as r rnanT spectators who visited the downtown area Thursday night. '.. Hot Springs Take Care of Cold Weather CIRCLE, Alaska.—(/P)—This Yukon River mining camp is but half a degree below at Artie Circle and its winter temperatures run to 30 and 50, degrees below zero, but its householders stay warm as toast. Circle hot springs is the anwer. Virtually every structure in the town is being heated by natural hot water. Joodf ellow Drive Will Be Directed by Roy Anderson Hope Insurance Man Named as General Director Is TO START CAMPAIGN Jommitees Being Studied —$67.50 Already Donated to Fund Divorce, Marriage Laws Leave Our Hero in a Statutory Spin Connecticut Court Gives Hiram His First Surprise by Quashing Wife's Suit This is the second of four stories in which a mythical character, Hiram, has difficulty with conflicting state laws. By HARVEY WEBTZ :NEA Service Staff Correspondent Hiriam, the legal guinea pig whose encounters with the law dramatize the. pitfalls of the clashing statues of different states, now finds himself being .sued by his own wife as a result of his latest accident. A Thought In actual life every great enterprise begins with the takes its first forward step in fuith.—Schlegel. Some of the following statements arc true. And sonic arc false. Which arc which? 1. The first day of spring is May 1. 2. Florence Nightingale was a famous Swedish opera singer. 3. Harry Woodring is a cabinet officer, 4. Crepe Suzette is *» famous French fabric. 5. King Kong Is a city in China. Answers on I'iigc Two MIND Your MANNERS T. M. Reg. U.-S. Pat. Oft Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then check against the authoritative answers below: 1. When a man takes a woman to dinner, should he suggest something on the menu? e 2. If a man tells a woman that some particular dish is especially good at the restaurant where they are dining, is it necessary for her to order it? 3. Shoul da woman who is dinner-dancing at a hotel, check her wrap? 4. Should a man find out what his companion wants before deciding on his own order? 5. When a husband and wife arc dining out together, should they discuss the price of the meals offered on tile menu? What would you do if— You are having dinner with your family, and there are no guests— (a) Take part in the conversation, whether you feel in a talkative mood or not? (b) Eat the meal in silence, since it is only your family? (c) Discuss whatever is bothering you? Answers 1. Yes. 2. Not necessary—but gracious. 3. She can leave it< on the back of her chair. 4,. Yes. 5. No. Best "What would you Do" solution—(a). (Copyright 1938, NEA Service, Inc.) Cotton Council to Ask $174in County 1/i-Million-Dollar Fund Promote New Uses for Cotton The National Cotton Council has recently been organized to find new uses for cotton and cottonseed. It is not a government agency, but an organization of business men who realize that new uses must be found for the Soutli's main crop. These men are going to raise $250,000 for this purpose and Hempstead county's share of this amount is ?174.32 or 1 cent for each bale raised in this county. H. O. Kyler is chairman of the committee in this county. Other members of the committee are: Robert A. Campbell, Frank Nolen, Thomas Kinscr and A. E. Slusser. These men will call on producers, ginners, warehousemen, crushers and merchants in this county for a contribution to this fund and everyone who is interested in a fair price for cotton or cottonseed should contribute in porportion to his ability. The money will be handled by the? best business men in the country and every dollar will be carefully invested in the future prosperity of every person who benefits from the production of cotton. Roy Anderson, Hope insurance m'an, was selected as general director of the Goodfellow Club at a meeting Thursday night at Hope city hall in which representatives were present from the Young Business Men's association and other organizations. Mr. Anderson said Friday that he was studying ..a group of well-known Hope citizens to serve on committees to launch the campaign immediately. The commutes are expected to be announced possibly Saturday. Mr. Anderson said that no quota has been sot, but that substantial fund was needed to take care of needy chidlren and famiies "in our own community" at Christmas time. A total of ?67.50 was contributed to the Goodfellow fund at the meeting Thursday night. Persons who wish to contribute to the fund may leave their donations at either Hope bank or at THe Star office. The names of those contributing will 'The' first report: ' W. S. Atkins.... ....5 5.00 Tol-E-Tex Oil Co 5.00 Webb Lasetcr ...„ 5.00 Calvin Cassidy 5.00 L. G. Armstrong 5.00 Mr. and Mrs. Harry W. Shiver _... 5.00 Syd McMath Scottish Rite Club 5.00 Dr. and Mrs. Don Smith 5.00 Frank R. Johnson _... 5.00 Leo Robins 5.00 W. W. Compton 5.00 Miss Beryl Henry 2.50 Mrs. Broening _..„ 1.00 R. A. Bowen 1.00 Dale Jones _ 1.00 Ralph Bailey 1.00 C. M. Walker ..._ 1.00 Total 567.50 But Dean Herbert F. Goodrich ofS> the University of Pennsylvania Law School, creator of the mythical Hiram, explains that "public policy" was to come to his aid. Hiriam, a resident of Ohio, and Mrs. Hiram are tourJr?. They have an automobile accid'. ", in Connecticut where the law provi v.-s a wife may sue her husband for damages. Mrs. Hiram sues. "The Connecticut courts," Dean. Rotary in Pledge for Goodfellows Civic Club Admits Two New Members at Luncheon Friday Following a two-miuutc speech by Roy Anderson, general director of the Goodfellows Christmas Fund drive, sponsored by the Young Business Men's association, Hope Rotary club at its luncheon meeting Friday noon Hotel Barlow pledged the support of its individual members. Friday's 1 luncheon program consisted of an address by the Rev. Kenneth L. Spore, new Methodist pastor, presented by R. V. McGinnis, program chairman. Jimmy Jones, principal of Hope High School, and Wayne Fletcher, district head of the Word's Progress Administration, were inducted as new Rotarians, with E. F. McFaddin conducting the ceremoncy. Guests Friday were: A. R. Stickles, of Jackson, Miss. Bill Hipp, of Waxahachie, Texas; anc E. S. Leonard and Charles F. Routon Jr., both of Hope. Annual Fish Fry to Be Held by Legion State Officers to Appear on Program Here Next Thursday The Leslie Huddleston Post of the American Legion will hold its annual fish fry and mulligan stew at the Fair Park grounds Thursday, December 15, All ex-service men and their wives are requested to be present, A large crowd is expected. A spokesman said the Legion was in need of soYne help in preparing food. Persons who will volunteer to help prepare the food are urged to notify Dewey Hendrix, Burlin Hollis or E. S. Franklin. The speaking program is being ar- anged which will include one or more late officers. : Hiram Jr. uses matrimony to •top a law suit. Goodrich explains, "took the matter in their stride. 'To entertain such a sui would bo against public policy," they ruled." Legal Convenience "Public policy?' is a closed book to Hiram. Dean Goodrich tells Hiram "A learned judge once defined publi policy as 'an unruly horse to ride. That is, it 'may mean one thing today and something else tomorrow." It occurred to Hiram that, a judgi might conveniently use "public policy' for a reason if he couldn't thing o anything else at the moment Any how, it was clear to Hirant that Ohio residents motoring through Connecticu could not avail themselves of the Con necticut law merely to suit a situation Hirams next adventure was share< with his son, Hiram, Jr., who took th family car fro'm,' his home at Fostoria law suit is hardly to be recommend- d, Hiram's friends had to admit it was ne way out. Phony Assumption Divorce courts were next for Hiram "In divorce cases we have an as- umption of litigation diametrically op> >osed to the actual facts in the case 'or by the time a couple reaches the ourts it is agreed they want a di force in most cases. THere is no rea ubject at issue," asserts Dean Good rich. "Migratory divorce wag first. Mrs Hiram went to Reno, played poker a] light and rode the range during th [ay for six weeks when the courts re ieved her of her uncomf orable marital ies. 'She came home to Fostoria am named a boy friend whom she ha «en eying for some time,' relates Jrbbdrich. "She was accepted bac nto society. But Hiram was displeas ed. He insisted he was not divorce* 2ould he have his wife prosecuted fo Hgarny?. It has been done and it is m >pi|iion that there are many, cases tha could be prosecuted under these cir cumstances." <j Under the modern uniform declara Trafic laws were in effect in England as early as 1835. long before the invention of the auU.imp.biIe . Vo Trace Is Found of Negro Hijacker Robber of Diamond Cafe Is Believed to Have Made Good Escape! Police said Friday that no trace had been found of the negro hijacker who held up and robbed the Diamond cafe at 2 a. m. Thursday and escaped with 5540 in cash. The money laelonged to both the cafe and a bus company which maintans headquarters at the cafe. The negro entered the cafe when Johnny Marryman, night manager, was alone. At the point of a gun he forced Marryman to hand over al] available cash and then fled toward the L. & A. railroad tracks where he disappeared in the darkness. o i m> Study of language similarities has convinced scholars that the gypsies <.ri|<inaU,v crime fvoni India. The fighting is over when a couple conies to court. Ohio, into Michigan where he met girl, a lovely creature. They drove to gethcr into Illinois. Fate caught them, seen them' spinin into an accident. The girl was injurec Hiram, Jr., with father's car was legal ly responsible to the girl who was h guest. She sued him for damages i an Illinois court. But young Hiran married her and that ended the su since a wife cannot sue her husband ij Illinois. While this method of endin WERE O\\DCOED IN IS OHIO/ West Seek Peace as World Fights 8th Pan-American Conference .Opens Sessions at Lima, Pern FRANCE "TO FIGHT" Italy's Chances "Zero"— Japs Slam Shut China's "Open Door" LIMA, Peru.—(/P)—Twenty-one nations of the Western hemisphere opened the eighth Pan-American Conference Friday, to work for peace at home and against foreign aggression, but without isolation frcto'. the rest of the world. Momentous developments in Europe and Asia in the past five years which have seen the rise of Nazism, the intensification of Fascism, and the Japanese incursion in China, made the conference one of the most important in Pan-American history. "Open Door" Closed TOKYO, Japan.— (#5— A source close to the governments aid Friday that Foreign Minister Hachiro Arita had informed the United States and Great 1 Britain that the principle of .the "open door" in China had vanished. The minister was, said t6 have spoken ' fully and frankly to United States Ambassador Joseph C. Grew, and,/the jfc British ainbaSsador, Sir Robert' lieslie,* Craigie, leaving no doubt as to Japan's/ position, . , ' - i.a -r •* SM Reno divorces are the atari of thorny legal paths. tory judgments act it would be possible for either spouse to go into court and get a court order saying there was no divorce despite the action of the Reno courts. Or to obtain an order on the legitimacy of children who might be bom to a union subsequent to a migratory divorce. All Is Confusion Suppose Hiram had gone to Reno and obtained a divorce, then married again and found his second union less desirable than the first. Would Hiram be welctfmte at the bar when he came in to ask the annulment of his second marriage because it was bigamous? It is doubtful if the court woud not bear down some on Hiram for such graceless conduct and there is every reason to believe he could not have the marriage annulled since the person who takes advantage of divorce cannot gracefully later say it is void. Is a migratory divorce void then? The generalization cannot be made, It sounds all right if you say it fast but there are mitigating circumstances and injustices that may be only adjudicated by these circumstances. Lawyers cannot settle this problem in one afternoon. It is a social problem and the obligation of society, rather than a lebal proble'iri. NEXT: The tax collector. France "Will Fight" PARIS, France.— {£•)— Sources close, to Premier Daladier said Friday that 1 , France would fight, if necessary, to defend Tunisia. The same sources said Italy's '.military chances of attacking and seizing Tunisia from Libya or from the sea were "zero." Reports that Italian troops were massing in insurgent Spain near the French frontier were said to be receiving the closest attention of the War Ministry. Fresh .Italian Move ROME, Italy — (/P) — Demonstrations against France continued Friday whie diplomatic circles predicted they might lead to a formal Italian demand for "concessions" in French Tunisia, Four thousand students marched toward the French consulate at Naples, but there the streets were blocked by police. Rome newspapers called the situation "ever more serious," and said "dozens of Italians had ben arrested." Claim Against Poland WARSAW, Poland.(/P)— Poland's Ukrainians presented a claim to the speaker of parliament Friday for territorial autonoVny including the regions of Volhynia and Halicz, nearly 50,000 square miles in size, with a population of 8 million. New Spy Precautions WASHINGTON. — (JP) — President Roosevelt said Friday that effective coordination had been obtained among Bailey Names Secretary $10,344 WPA Project to for General Assembly LITTLE ROCK, Ark.— (#>)— Lester M. Ponder, 26, Walnut Ridge attorney, was appointed by Governor Carl E. Bailey Thursday to serve as his legislative secretary during the forthcoming session of the general assembly. Ponder, a son of Harry L. Ponder of Walnut Ridge, will begin his duties about January 1. He is a graduate of Northwestern University and George Washington University law school. Walter L. Pope, now attorney for the compensation division of the slate labor department, served as Bailey's legislative secretary in 1937-38. Index Deeds, Mortgages WASHINGTON — (#>) — Arkansas members of congress were advised Friday that the president had approved WPA projects including: Hempstead county—510,344 to prepare and cross-index deeds am jnortgages. The various national censuses now cover approximately two-thirds o the world's population. . Eighty-two out of every 100 persons under 60 years of age, and 23 of every 1UO under 20 years of age, have def- ei'tivi. 1 eyesight, studies reveal. Cotton NEW ORLEANS —(ff't— Dcccmbe cotton opened Friday at 8.45 and closec at 8.41. Spot cotton closed quiet eight points lower, middling 8.34. (Continued on Page Three) •f O Shopping Days 1O Til I Christmas 1.YM MAWft G-lRUp -TO T OOKING BACK TO CHRIST* •^MAS 13 YEARS AGO— Gov. "Ma" Ferguson of Texas was facing impeachment. , , , Drys were gnashing teeth over bill before Senate to legalize beers, light wines. ... .In New York, "Hamlet" was being rendered in modem speech and modern clotjiing. . . . Bryn Mawr permitted Us girls to smoke; nation raised eyebrows., Pro football, not Santa, was good.to "Red" Grange; he made $150,000. .?! 1 J

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