John T. Ffynn Says: A Simple 'ntenco In o newspaper dispatch from Itnly, unobserved by anyone to whi I have spoken, carried one of Die most sinister scraps of news ,.ie cable in sometime. that has conu over Federal Judge for Arkansas May Be Named in January No Action Until Senator Caraway and John Miller Confer FORD ASKS~TAX CUT Believes Reduction in Tax Best Incentive to Business LITTLE ROCK—</l'j—Senator Hiiltic W. Caraway declared here Tuesday no action would be taken on the appointment of the third federal judge for Arkansas until after she and Senator John E. Miller confer in Washington in January. Ford, On Taxation WASHINGTON -</!>- Edsel Ford told the^ennte profit-sharing committee Tuesday that a reduction in federal taxation would be "as good an incentive", lo business as anything the government could do. Ford testified lhat he believed incentive taxation lo encourage plant expansion, purchase equipment, and rcg- ', ularizc employment, "might lead to consequences difficult to handle." P\V/V Project LITTLE ROCK—(/IV-Truslcos of Arkansas State Teachers college announced plans Tuesday -to launch u $301,818 PWA-financed building program at the Conw-ay institution before January 1. Brookwood Pupils Will Be Examined Free Health Clinic in the Hope Schools Backed ' • by P. T. A. The Porcnt-Teacber Association, conducting a scries of free clinics in Hope public schools, will move to Brookwood school Wednesday 'morning for examination of students. The . health clinic at .Oglcsby was completed several weeks ago. The one at Paisley is complete wilh Ihe exception of dental examinations which are being made by Dr. A. J. Neighbours. f Students given tljp free examination at Oglcsby total! '!M, 'wtfile'at Paisley 212 studcnls were examined by city and county health authorities. Following the examinations, parents are notified of the dcfecls discovered and are urged to take steps lo correct them. Deadline Near for Red Cross Reports All Reports Must Be in by This Thursday, Says Weisenberger Scattered rural reports from the Red Cross drive in Hempstead county Tuesday sent the total to $10-1(1.87.' Rural workers are urged to immediately turn in their reports as a final report lo National Red Cross headquarters must be made by December 8, Roll Call Chairman Royce Woisenbcrger .said. "We must have this information at once. The main drive lias ended, bul some of the rural workers have not reported. Regardless of the amount of funds collected, make your report at once," Mr. Weisenberger urged. Previously Reported $1022.87 B. Conrad Lewis 1.00 Mr. and Mrs, B. C. Lewis 1.00 Mr. Marion Monroe • Mr. Harry Phipps C. B. Ostccn Mr. M. R. Samuels Mrs, Mary Goodman •Glen D. Eley 'Mrs. J. D. Eley Ottis Harris Mrs. Ottis Harris 1.00 Mrs. John Gaincs 1.00 Mrs. Green Sheffield 1.00 Bert Scott 1.00 Mrs. Bert Scotl 1.00 M. M. Scott 1.00 Bert Scotl, Jr 1.00 C. W. Williams 1.00 Chesler McCaskill :.. 1.00 Horace Anthony 1.00 S. G. Stone 1.00 Boyd Brothers 1.00 C.E.Christopher 1.00 Mr and Mrs. Frank Mason 1.00 Total $1046.87 1.00 1.0(1 1.00 1.0(1 1.00 1.00 1.0(1 1.00 A Thought The greatest atlribule of heaven is mercy.—Beaumont and Fletcher. C s^ ^ Ifs.^ Some of the following statements are true. Some are false. Which are are true. Some are false. Which are which'? 1. There is no lead in lead pencils. 2. Cardinals wear their red hats frequently. '•i. Dry cleaning is not dry. 4. Ben Jonson was buried sitting up. 5. Tile Chinese custom of wearing queues began in America. Answers on Page Two It appeared in the accounts of the wild demonstration in Rome, where members in the Chamber of Deputies singed n frantic demand for the "return" of Tunisia nnd certain ports of the French Riviera lo Italy on account of the demonstration the dispatch closed wilh those words: "The Chamber of Deputies, which is to be supplanted by a new house, mot today to .vole itself out of existence," The significance of this event cannot be underestimated. Fascism is a new form of social organization in which the state ninke^ an altcmpt to regulate and control the economic system. Mu.Hsolini, in his enrly days ns premier, began lo linker wilh Ihis idea. He h;.d been n socialist, but he had also been u syndicalist. When he abandoned socialism and became the «rt;al champion of saving capitalism in Itniy, it was natural that lie should turn to the .syndicalist pattern. And. this is what he did. Italian NKA Ho as a dictator, of course, was to be supremo. But there must be bodies which could make the rules and regulations for business, rules to govern production, lo regulate prices, to regulate what he called "fair Irade practices," rules governing competition in i'.ll its forms, He therefore decided that the proper way lo do Ibis was lo turn it over to the trades organized as such—to trade associations and to organizations of workers. He set up something like the structure we established under tlie NHA. He called them corpora- lives. We called them codes of practice. The code authorities or corponitives made the rules in the first place. They bad to be approved by the rcpresonlalives of Ihe government »fin»lly. So immediately Italy had two governing groups functioning under the dictator. One was the Chamber of Deputies elected by goegraphical districts which made Ihe laws governing (lie political stale. The other was the corporutivcs which made Ihe rules and regulations for the economic state. But the inevitable happened. The political Chamber of Deputies and the corponitives soon slashed. The chamber still retaino da semblance of the democratic technique. It was elected by the people. But the eorporatives were far from democratic. They were elected by the employers, a small group of people. Little by little the chamber grew waker and corpora- lives became stronger. Until finally the Fascist leaders began to demand the extinction of Ihe lasl veslige of the democratic society in Italy—the Chamber of Deputies. Dictator's Technique This agitation had reached this point in 1933 just as we began to experiment with the same dangerous instrument. We did it, of course, without realizing what we were doing. Our pxpcrimcnt broke up because we had no dictator, by harsh and rulhlcss mfe.w-ires '.•*,,• compel compliance, and because our democratic chamber (Congress), though it had grown weaker through what might be called its "yesiness," was still strong enough to attack the NKA and because Ihe Supreme Court unanimously said it was unconstitutional. But in Italy the dictator decided to abolish the chamber and lo make the eorporatives supremo. Later a new constitution was adopted abolishing Ihe national congress of Italy and providing a new chamber which would represent the trade associations—the corporntivos. This week that Chamber of Deputies mot for Ihe last time to pronounce its death. It was lo lhal melancholy event the dispatch quoted referred. (Copyright 1938, NBA Service, Inc.) Man Surrenders in Hit-and-Run Case J. H. Latimer Says He May Have Been Driver of Death Car TEXARKANA-J. H. Lalimer, federal collector of internal revenue hero, surrendered to Sheriff Tom Eewell Monday and admitted lhat he miKht have been Ihe hit-run driver who Sunday night struck and instantly killed Mrs. H. E. Thompson, 79- yuar-old-hilchhiker, as she walked along the Tcxarkana-Little Rock highway, 15 miles north of Texarkana. Latimer said he was en route lo Prcscolt early Sunday night and when midway between Texarkana and Fulton, he dimmed his lights at the approach of another car. He said that his lights went out entirely and that while <hoy were out he felt his car strike something. At Hope he said he stopped to examine his automobile and found that the right fender and door were dented. Donald Boyce, 20, who was hitchhiking wilh Mrs. Thompson, said the car which struck her and failed to slop, flashed ils lights as though to dim them, but they went out entirely and then the car struck the aged woman. After taking a writlen stalemenl from Latimor, Sheriff Sewell released him on his own recognizance and said investigation would await the return to Tcxarkanu of Prosecuting Attorney Ned Stewart. Efforts are being continued lo locale relatives of Mrs. Thompson. -«<• ••«*• Anna Marie Hahn to Die Wednesday Governor Not to Intervene in Case of Cincinnati Poisoner COLUMBUS, Ohio —(#)— Governor Martin L. Davey said Tuesday he had decided not to intervene in the scheduled execution Wednesday night ol Anna Marie Hahn. condemned Cin cinnuli prisoner. Star VOLUME 40—NUMBER 46 .WEATKEK. Arkansas—Fair, not much change i n temperature Tuesday night and Wednesday. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 6, 1938 PRICE 6c COPY TELLS KIDNAP Italian Students Riot Against the French Republic Fascist Leader Urges Italians to Settle in French Tunis NAZIS, FRENCH SIGN United States Seeks Statement on U. S. Jew Property in Germany ROME, Italy.-W-The Fascist students' anti-French demonstration in the streets of Rome reached a climax Tuesday in a declaration by a Fascist party leader that Italians would go to Tunisia, France's North African protectorate. Students several hundred strong agitating for support of Italian claims on French territory were turned back by police when they tried to reach the French embasy. French, Germans Sign PARIS, France.ftf 1 )—France and Germany Tuesday signed the pact which pledged them to seek settlement of future disputes by negotiation instead of war. Joachim von Ribbcntrop and George Bonnet, foreign ministers of Germany and France, put their signatures to the two sheets of vellum concluding negotiations for the good-neighbor accord. The certfmbny took place in the same room where 10 years ago the Sheltering Trees to Soften Ravages of Wind Erosion on the Great U. S. Plains 'Shelter' Belt Is Bringing Hope to Dust Bowl Lands Within Four Years of First Tree-Planting, Results Are Seen DAKOTA, OKLAHOMA £ , Farmers Co-operate in Vast Federal Project - in the West I5y NKA Service Uncle Sam's shclterbelt trees root in the prairie soil across GOOD miles of the great plains,' sturdy lope of a new prosperity in western farming. Less than four years after the government pluntcd the first tree, an'Aus- trian pine, on the farm of H. E. Curtis near Mangum, Okla., much of the gigantic project has already exerted marked influence on adjacent land. Crops grow where foniicrly it was impossible and shellerbcll plantings themselves have attained 92 per cent survival in some parts. From the Dakotas to Texas long rows «~...w .uwitt irTAit.iv. AV JCULO (Igu u lu T1UII1 Ule i-'UKULUii LO 1 UXaS long IOWS Kellogg-Briand pact for the outlawing of ash, elm, locust and many other of war was signed. Seek U. S. Jew Status BERLIN, Germany.— (/P) —United trees cover 100,000 acres. States .consular officials Tuesday sought an official German interpreta- course, a cure-all for the ills of agri- tion as to what effect the newest anti- """ ""' Jewish' retrlctions • might -have on American Jews holding property in Germany. The Deutsche Allgemcine Zeitung estimated at 30 billion 800 million dollars the total Jewish wealth which "must bc<moved" under the economics ministry decree authorizing Nazi officials to liquidate Jewish possessions. Nine Indicted on Federal Charges Violation of Neutrality Act Brings Government Indictments BROWNSVILLE, Texas —W 1 )— The Federal government Tuesday indicted General Roberto Fierro, former head of the Mexican Army Air Corps, six other Mexicans, two Americans and a Mexican aviation company for conspiring to violate the neutraliay act of 1935. The indictment named as co-conspirator, but did not indict, Felix Gordon Ordaz, Spanish ambassador to Mexcio. More than 16,250,000 people toured through the nationl park system during the year which closer in Septemeber, an increase of a million over last year. MIND Your MANNERS T. M. Reg. U.-S. Pat OS. Test your "knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, tiien check against the authoritative answers below: 1. What should be the most important consideration of the hostess who is planning a dance? 2. If mere is a small dinner parly given before a large dance, should the men at the dinner dance with all the women who were there? 3. When dancing, if the girl bumps into another couple, does she say "Sorry"? 4. At a program dance, should a man arrange to exchange dances with his friends beforehand? 5. Should a girl complain if her date exchanges a dance with a friend who is a poor dancer? What would you do if— You are a girl who has not been dating, and the girls' club lo which you belong is giving a dance— (a) Stay at home? (b) Ask one of the other members to get you a dale? (c) Ask some boy you know- even though he has never asked you for a date? Ajiswcrs 1. The music. 2. Yes. 3. No. The man with whom she is dancing says it. 4. Yes. 5. No. That is to be expeced. Bes "What Would You Do" so- lution—(c). varieties shed for another winter. They cover G858 miles in six slates, serve almost 14,000 farms. Nearly 85,000,000 This man-made windbreak is not, of culture. But tree planting is essen- •tial in the .stabilisation of prairie- plains farming, • protecting crops, soil, stock, game. Wind erosion is one of the most destruclivc forces in the plains, and shcllorbelts, properly located, will check and control this movement of soil, federal forestry experts contend. The Case of Casey Take the case of Ed Casey who farms near Mitchell, S. D. Early in 1935 dust and wind had just about licked Casey Seriously he considered abandoning his farm and moving to Ihp Pacific northwest. Then came the shellerbelt project. Casey agreed to co-operate in Ihe work |as a lasl resort. The planting began on his farm in April, 1935, while the wind still whipped black soil wholesale from his land and sent it whirling into some other stale. Workmen found fences completely buried by drifting topsoil. Bul somehow they anchored the tree roots. The story shifts now lo 1937 when assislant chief,, E. W. Tinker of the Forest Service, visited Ihe Casey farm. Mr. Casey had decided lo stick. Where Iwo years earlier Ihe topsoil covered his fences he now exhibited u fine crop of watermelon. A coltonwood tree planted in 1935 was slighlly more than 20 feet tall. Birds had come back to build nests and even pheasants were taking refuge in the new growth. Said Mr. Casey: "South Dakota sure looks good lo me again." The government by no moans found co-operation in every locality such us Mr. Casey offered. Countless farmers considered the project, unpractical and still do. In Jun.e 11)36, a check was made to determine the percentage of survival It was found that of the trees planted in 1935, 77.3 pur cent were growing, while of the trees planted in 1936, 82.4 per cent were growing. The summer of 1936 brought the worst drouth in the plains' history. A check in September, however, showed lhat 51.2 per cent of the Irees were slill alive. In 1937 and 1938 as high as D2 pur cenl survived. Late Start "If the tree-planting program now being instituted had been accomplished 50 years ago, or even 25," furosti) officials concluded in a recent report on the shelterbelt, "untold million* of dollars worth of permanent damage to Die soil would have been avoided, thousands ol' farm families would be prosperous instead uf destitute the nation would bo in a much betlu situation in regard to future food supplies, and human health over half the (Continued on Page Four) -«»•-••• No Damage Reported From 2 Grass Fires The two fire alarms Tuesday turned out to be grass fires on North Ha/el and at Third and Hazel streets. The first alarm was reported jut before noon, the second about 1 p. 'ny. No damage was reported by firemen. During Ihe month uf November file- men answered 2ti alarms, 17 of which were to grass fires. Five grass files have been reported thus far in Deciu- ber. Firemen ugninaskpd resydeirts of Hi:i>e to bo ea;v/'ul in burning trash. COLO. Shaded portions show extent of shelterbclt planting in Great Plains region up to June, 1938. Moody Replies to Farm Plan Critic Asserts Farm Emergency Justifies Most Drastic Regulation Editor The Star: The two articles written by Mr. Johnson and myself last week were merely a coincidence. I did not know that he had written, but if the cdilor will kindly bear wilh me I shall now nolice some of his objec- lions lo our farm bill for Ihe benefit of the voters and should Mr. Johnson wish, ho may reply. Mr. Johnson's chief objective to our farm program is based on certain principles that he construes as a sacrifice of freedom, and that lo make Mr. Wallace our supervisor tends toward I (Continued on Page Four) Showing planned distribution of trees in a typical shelterbelt planting in one township, Hanson county, South Dakota. Giant Nazi Plane Sinks at Manila Huge Condor'Ship Being Demonstrated to Japs Comes to Grief MANILA, P. I.—(/P^Unable to hold altitude after one of its four motors stalled, a big GerYrtan Condor monoplane made a forced landing and sank i Manila harbor Tuesday as it neaered the end of a non-stop flight from Tokyo. The crew of five and one passenger were uninjured. The income of the average American in 1935-36 was ?1,160 a year or $22 a week. Labor of Love 19 Miners Die as Car Strikes Wall Score of Others Injured in Mine Accident in Nova Scotia SYDNEY, Nova Scotia.— (#)— Thirty men were killed and a score injuret Tuesday in an accident in the Princess coal mine of the Nova Scotia Steel & Coal Co. The riding rake in which the men were descending broke away am creshed^nto a wall of the main deep. Federal Debt to Take All, Is Fear "Payday" Would Require Entire Revnue of State of Virginia ROANOKE, Va.-(/P)-Senator Harry Byrd, (Dem., Va.) predicted Monday night the American people- woulc meet "a rude awakening" when they came to pay the national debt. That debt, he told the Virginia Highway Users association, has been trebled in the past five years by the federa government's "stupendous program o public spending" and wiU "soon be over 548,000,000,000," and, he added, the interest "will in all probability amounl to more than the principal." He said that Virginia's "self-denial and economical administration" in state government would not protect it from payment of "our proportionate share." Instead, he asserted, "If Virginia dedicated every dollar of revenue now derived fro mstate taxation, .including the gasoline tax, and ceased to take care of the roads, schools, health, and other stale activities, our total state tax revenue would be consumed for over 40 years to pay our minimum share of the federal debt and interest thereon." Pleasure in the knowledge that his skilful handiwork will give ^niYlf* nnnr liH m mvl ^ »-. n ,. >ii_._• j • _ _ • i » . _ ft* * w ... -•••-•• •"-•-*i = ,\- wiat 4us» MM.ULU jicujiuwuijv wui eive poor little girl a merry Christmas is evidenced by George 70 ' a f he rec .° ndi tions" a secondhand doll. He is one of workers repairing thousands of dolls collected by a Phila- cielphja 'women's ecu r unit tee. Good Core Reported in Columbia Test MAGNOLIA, Ark.— A saturated core of much promise was reported secui> ed Monday morning at the Tidewater Associated Oil company's Beene No. 1, in 15-17-19. The well is a wildcat. Depth was said to be from 8200 to 8223 feet. Oil men say indications are good for a producer. Another core was being taken Monday night. Should the well become a producer, it will be Colufbia couny's fourh. Sandard's E. D. Harris as Village is scheduled to be tested Wednesday by drilling the plug. This well was reported to have shown a fine saturation. The McKean No. 4, in the Buckner Area is to be tested this week and casing lias been set. Paul Y. Anderson, Noted Correspondent, Is Dead well WASHINGTON.—ypj-Paul Y. An derson, 45, for many years a known Washington correspondent, Tuesday at a local hospital. Police called to investigate the cir cums lances. Cott and NEW ORLEANS. - (IP) — December colton opened Tuesday at 8.52 closed at 8.57 bid, 8.60 asked. Spot cotton closed nine points higl er, middling 8,44. Hot Springs Chief Detectives Tipped Off Gangjs Story Akers Was Paid Protection Money, Says Lamb' Gang Member STORY TOLD COURT Sam Haynes One of 22 Witnesses Put on Stand • by Government LITTLE ROCK.-(;P)-Th,e story of d tentative plot by Lamb-Norris gangsters to kidnap Leo P. McLaughlin, , 'm'ayor of Hot Springs and powerful-' political leader, in the summer of 1937,' was given Tuesday to a federal district court jury in the harboring con- piracy trial of Herbert (Dutch) Akers, former Hot Springs chief of detectives. FBI Agent'John U Madala related' the story in closingtestimony for the government, which he said Akers admitted to him, and other agents. * ' The agent said Akers admitted he associated with member of the gang during their 1936-37 stay in Hot Springs, ' Police Gave Tip-Off LITTLE ROCK.—A member of the once notorious Alfred (Sonny) Lam'b gang testified in United States District Court late Monday that Herbert (Dutch) Akerg, former Hot Springs chief of detectives, served as "finger man" for several proposed robberies in Hot Springs during the time Akers was purported to have harbored the gang between March 17 and August 16, 1937. .Sam Stegal Haynes, 29, serving a f ive-to-12-year sentence in the Texas penitentiary at Huntsyille for armed robbery, was one of 22 witnesses the government put on the stand .jn the ' opening day-.. 0 f.-AJ^s > ,,Jrial pn con*-, spiracy to harbor Thomas .Nathan Norris, member of the Lamb gang. Norris is serving terms totaling 436 years in the prison at Huntsville-for murder and armed robberies. HayHes said Akers had discussed with members of the LatnVb gang robbery of several well-to-do gambler visitors to the resort city and hold-up of the--money car that carried daily receipts to and. from the Oaklawn Jockey Club racing plant near the cfty. During an hour appearance on the witness .stand, Haynes said he and other members of the gang made cash payments totaling about 5500 to Akers in exchange for protection and information regarding activities of State Police and Federal Bureau of Investigation agents. He testified that various members of the Lamb gang—Goldie H. Hairston, Norris, Lamb and himself—would steal automobiles in Hot Springs, drive them until they were wrecked, then abandon them in a designated spot to be picked up by Akers. First Dealings Recounted Haynes told the court he and Norris first attempted to contact Akers in the fall of 1936 through a man they knew as "Farmer" Jefferson, a bartender, whom they met in Rodessa, La. Jefferson came to Hot Springs with them, he related, and arranged the meeting with Akers through William Dexter Sheffield, then operating a filling station on the Arkadelphia highway outside Hot Springs. Following the contact with Sheffield, he continued, they took Jefferson to Rodessa and returned to their base of operations in Texas. About the middle of March, 1937, Haynes said, he and Norris came back to Hot Springs with Norris' wife, rent- Continued on Page Four) 16 Shopping Days Till Christmas f OOKING BACK TO CHBIST- *-* MAS 16 YEARS AGO— :taly was rumored in control of Mussolini. . . . Three inventors were demonstrating novel "talking movie" almost simultaneously. . . . Announcement that Jlectric light current instead of aatteries might soon be used for heir receiving sets added to holiday cheer of radio fans. . . . Administration concerned >ver bootleg boom. . . . New VTork radio amateur picked up. program from Vancouver.
What members have found on this page
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 11,800+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month