Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 3, 1938 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, December 3, 1938
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John T; Flynn Says: Neutrality Act Goes by the Board as President Decides U. S. Is to Play Aggressive International Role. By JOHN T. NBA Service Staff Correspondent It is now obvious that the administration intends to step out in international affairs and play cm aggressive role. The apparent intention of the President tojicrap the Neutrality Act should remove any doubt as to that. 1 Of course we are not told that we are to do a little world policing. We are merely told the President will attempt to "amend" the Neutrality Act. Tlie plan as reported is that the President has approved the amendment to the act which will permit him to embargo shipments toEnggressor countries. Maybe we should do this. Doubt- les many good Americans think we should. But at least we ought to be frank with ourselves about it and know precisely what we are doing. Because it is a very serious step. It is a complete reversal of our international policy. And it is loaded with dynamit. We will be very foolish Jf we attemt to disguise what we are doing under innoncet looking words. Tlie last word we should use is "neutrality." We have a Neutrality Act. The policy of that act is to keep severely out of quarorls between other nations. It is based upon the well-founded fear that if two other nations go to war we attempt to supply them with munitions, to make a profit out of the war trade, we will get into trouble and possibly war. At least that is Jews Forbidden to Appear on Berlin Principal Streets Nazi Decree Bars Them From Public Buildings and Theaters TO BARTER JEWS? Germany Would Swap Them Off in Exchange for Foreign Trade BERLIN, Germany — (If) — Berlin's chief of police banned Jews henceforth fro mappearing in the capital's principal streets, public buildings,-national memorials, theaters, and other public places. The decree provided that Jews who eceeceeeccceeeeecETAOIN ETAOIN E are German subjects or without nationality may neither walk or ride within these areas—with the sole exception of Jews now living in the regions marked out by new regulations effective December 6. Jews resident in the areas must obtain polcic permits to enter or leave their districts. Swap Jews for Exjxirts A leading Nazi editor disclised Friday that plans were being studied for making Jewish emigration possible in return for increased German exports. He said Field Marshal Goering, di- (itector of the four-year economic plan, would announce it soon. (In London, an niternational committee on refugees met and was said to have decided to make a fresh approach to Germany to arrange for emigration of German Jews through German Foreign Minister von Ribben- trop, during his visit to Paris Tuesday.) The editor explained the emigration scheme as follows: "Jews need foreign exchange to get out. We haven't any. Hence other nations must supply it. These nations, however, will insist that Germany should repay these sums from possessions left behind by German Jews. "There is only one way we can repay—through goods. Therefore the problem of ridding ourselves of Jews and for Jews to make emigration possible comes to this: "How great a quantity of additional German goods are foreign nations prepared to buy from Germany? They can have all 650,000 Jews and half-Jews if they will give us enough export orders." TYoman's Day' at Christian Church Special Program Arranged Here for Services Sunday _In all Christian churches the first Sunday in December is set aside as "Woman's Day," and the women of the church take charge of one or all if the worship services for the day. The day will be recognized in the First Christian church here by a special program presented at the regular evening worship hour by the Missionary Society. Mrs. J. F. Portcrfield is chairman of the committee which has prepared the program, and will preside over the meeting .Sunday night. The program will consist of brief presentations of the women's work in the church, special musical numbers and an address by Mrs. V. A. Hammond on the subject: "Our Missionary Task." Tlie entire program is a* follows: Hymn, "All Hail the Power of Jesus Name." Scripture Reading and prayer. Hymn "Sweeter as the Years Go By." President's address, Mrs. C, S Lowthorp. Duet: Otho Taylor and Paul Philbrick. the way we got into the last war. Shipments Stop Therefore the act provides that when the war starts the President shall proclaim the fact and thereafter we shall ship to neither. That is neutrality. There is another doctrine—the exact opisite of this and the exact op- psite of neutrality. That doctrine is to be un-neulral. It porposes to take sides. It proposes to permit this country to weigh the guilt in the event of war between two nations and then put ourselves on the side of one of them by refusing to sell to the aggressor—the guilty nation. You may favor that but certainly you will not have the boldness to call it neutrality. The President plans to "amend' the neutrality Act to put thala power into his hands. The way to deal honestly with the country is to scrap the Neutrality Act to put that power embodying this different and contrad- iatory policy. How to Do it? But if America is to go in for this how should we do it? If we are to put ourselves into the situation against tlic aggressor, we have to decide who is the aggrosor. Who will make that decision? For remember, that is a decision which may lead us into war. To whom will we commit that awful judgment? The President proposes that we put that power into his hands." He wishes to change who is the guilty party in the war and, having made that dec- son, to put the American economic machine on the side of the innocent and against the guilty—or on the side which the President sympathizes with. If we are to go in for such a policy, •would it not be the course of prudence to leave that decision to Con- jrcss or the people who will have to fight the war if war begins? Star VOLUME 40—NUMBER 44 ' WEATHER. Arkansas-Fair, cooler in cast portion Saturday night; Sunday fair and warmer, HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 3,1938 PRICE 6c COPY Ickes Invited to Be Mayor of Chi "Our Missionary Task," Hammond. Mrs. V. A. Instrumental Trio, Weldon Taylor, Bobby Reynerson and Tlios. Kinser Jr' Reading, "The Shepherd," Mrs. Jack Sullivan. "Our Plea for Help," Mrs. Ruth Rettig. Offering. Closing Hymn, "Blest Be the Tie." Benediction. All members of the church arc especially urged to be present for this special worship program Sunday night. The public is cordially jnvited. It takes 1,500,000 pounds of food every day to feed the boys in the CCC camps. Some of the following statements are true. Some are fulse. Which arc which? 1. Davy Jones was a famous naval hero. 2. Hara-kiri is a Japanese ineth- of cutting the throat. 3. Matthew Vassar, founder of Vassar College, was a brewer. 4. Manana is a famous Spanish fruit. 5. Mohair is made from goat's hair. Answers on I'uge Two Campaign Started to Draft U. S. Secertary of Interior CHICAGO—(/Pj—A formal campaign o enlist Secretary Ickes in the race or mayor of Chicago was started here ? riday. A score of citizens disclosed hey had sent him a telegram asking lim to enter the contest for one of he most important municipal offices n the United States. "We believe we express the wishes f our community when we urge you o return to Chicago as our next nayor," the message read. "We assure u our wholehearted support." The signers included Prof. Paul Jouglas of the University of Chicago; Wiss Charlotte Carr, head of Hull louse; G. L. Quilici, president of the hicago Lawyers Guild; Lillian Her- tein of the Chicago Teachers Union; iV. E. Rodriquca and Henry Dwyer of lie City Manager Committee; Abra- iam Plotkin of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union; and Dr. Erich von Schroetter of the German-American League for Culture. Douglas announced that headquarters would be opened soon and a drive to obtain 250,000 pledge cards would be launched. Ickes-for-mayor movement was disclosed a day after the secretary bf the interior told reporters in Washington ho_ had an "open mind" on the subject of becoming a candidate. Crop Control to Be Cotton Ballot Issue December 10 Critical Condition With Big Carryover, County Agent Says MORE FROM LESS? Agent Figures 1'2-Million- Bale Crop Worth More Than 15 The question which farmers of Hempstead county and throughout the South will decide in the cotton marketing quota referendum is whether or not any production control measures will be in effect bn the 1939 crop, Oliver L. Adams, county agent, points out. He urges that all farmers become familiar with the present market situation so that they can determine this question for themselves. 'Under the program, marketing quotas may be applied whenever the supply is 7 per cent above normal, and when two-thirds of the farmers voting in the referendum declare in favor of them," tht county agent explained. Big Carryover At the present time the normal supply, taking domestic needs and normal exports into consideration, is 18,200,000 bales, while the actual supply is 25,000,000 bales, including the carryover of 13,700,000 bales and the 1938 crop. > It is estimated that without marketing qfuotas in 1939, the South would plant form 35 to 38 million acres, with a probable production of 15 million bales. Tills would be about 3 million bales larger than the 1938 crop, the county agent said. The resulting lower ^price would probably increase consumption ;by'a million bates,, but the carry-over from the 1939 crop would be increased by at least 2 million bales, it is said. May Cut Price Ht is believed that this large' a supply would probably reduce prices foi tht 1939 crop by one or two cents. According to the provisions of the program, no cotton loan can' be offered ii marketing quotas are not accepted bj formers, and the.absence of the support of a loan would probably force the price down another one or two cents. If marketing quotas are accepted by the farmers, Uie acreage planted in 1939 will be hel dto 27 million, with a Wobablc production of 12 million bales. This would reduce the che carry-over by about a million bales, cotton loans will be available as further support to the price, and there would be some hope of higher prices. It can be expected that a crop of 15,000,000 bales would mean a price of at least 3 cents less a pound than would a 12,000,000 bale crop, so that the gross income to be expected from '.he larger crop would be approximately 5450,000,000 as compared to S540 000,000 for the-smaller crop ULTIMATUM Modern Scotland Yard Sets Scientific Traps for Smart 2Oth Century Crooks 20,000 Policemen Patrol 700 Square Miles of London "Information Room" Directs This Army, and 70 Radio Cars BIG RECORD ARRAY Fingerprints, Photos, Life History of Million Suspects By MILTON BRONNER NBA Service Staff Correspondent LONDON. -Scotland Yard-thanks to fact and also to detective fiction and drama-is probably the best known police headquarters in the world. But unless you are a high polcc official or a suspected criminal whom the Yard, wishes to interrogate the chances are very slim for an inspection of this famed outfit, courtesy of a run through the Yard. Thai part whic m°uch aS 'r miUCd to see dissipate much of the mystery that has been woven around Scotland Yard French Republic Gives Italy Until to Reply Machine Likely to Replace Laborers 50,000 Sugar Cane Workers in Louisiana Are Threatened By (he AF Feature Service BATON ROUGE, La.-If a new sugar cane harvester comes up to its owner's expectations, it may replace 50,000 negro canecutters. Allen Ramsey Wurtele says his machine will do the work of 50 negroes, and that 1,000 machines could handle the $20,000,000 Louisiana crop. That would -help solve a major problem of the cane growers—crop destruction by frost because of an uncertain labor (Continued on Page Three) The Official Tabulation For Mayor W. S. Atkins 313 263 J. A. Embree 160 118 For Treasurer Charles Reynerson 474 For Alderman, Ward 1— J. R. Williams 181 183 Carter Johnson 150 67 A. C. El-win 121 104 Jimmie L. Anderson . -14 23 For Aldernum, Ward 2— L. M. Garner 151 138 F. Y. Trimble ...., 172 119 K. G. Hamilton 126 107 For Alderman, Ward 3— Frank Nolen 200 164 Roy Johnson 160 129 W. A. Lewis 107 82 For Alderman, Ward 4— Syd McMath _ 301 224 C. E. Taylor . ... J69 154 Ward 1 Ward 2 Ward 3 Ward 4 Ah. Total 116 77 121 43 30 4 843 402 377 193 164 34 1242 85 65 34 4 50 61 70 64 82 47 133 57 88 46 20 7 63 36 49 80 61 22 70 92 15 13 4 0 13 11 9 18 5 6 15 16 552 341 283 48 415 399 361 526 437 264 743 488 thi K of / coursf ' - comes the shrewd Uunking of its crack personnel Million Records Scotland Yard has a record of BV one of the million-odd criminals Aspects in Great Britain. TWs «. indexed and cross-indexed her there every or record in a er ere as an index by physical ' blind in "» wanted fln « s «*». linger off his left hand fhr. or a hotographs, their ° Ul specifies t e ineU ods they employ to enter a house. There]' still another index which shows Ue various names under which Ccri n ! mal has lived. The field is thus narrowed down to a few men Then there is an inspection of the showV' men ' These bhdw their ways" "H? , ways. The list of suspects is narrowed down so . mc more, because the chances -lo that some of the men in the list uie shown by the records to be serving prison sentences. This group can't ernne ' Fingcr-Prin(s The finger print department lias wards of a million records, all duly n- dexed. Inspector Cherrill said that recently the Yard had Introduced a unique new system of examining its' records Under this, they pan^l within less than a minute whether ihe finger print of a suspect is in their gallery of prints taken from the fine, of men actually convicted of up- in- the armies of crime Is famed Scotland ard, at left. MYarvelously detailed records criminals arc kept on shelves like those pictured at right. Crop Payments to Be Made Earlier Government to Distribute Funds During Winer and Spring WASHINGTON - Department of Agriculture officials said Saturday that benefit payments under the 1938 crop program would be distributed this winter and spring— several months earlier than similar payments have gone out in past seasons. The earlier payments were decided on, they said, with the objective of increasing farm purchasing power at a time when market receipts are low. About 500 million dollars in benefit payments are to be distributed. A Thought Covetousness swells the principal to no purpose, and lessens the use to all purposes.—Jeremy Taylor. 3 Park Without s, Are Killed •&.;"• Arkansas Boys Hit by Bus —and Bus-Driver Is Exonerated MORRILTON, Ark,—(/P)—The collision of an automobile and a Missouri Pacific bus near here late Friday nighl brought death to three youths riding in the car. Joe Parker, 15, and Gordon Flagg, 16, both of Morrilton, were killed instantly; and James Carroll, 16, of Springfield, driver of the car, died Saturday morning in a Morrilton hos- jpitjal. Police blamed the accident on the car, parked without headlights, and exonerated the bus-driver of- any bl,ame. Tlie bus passengers escaped without serious injury. Kcntuckey spends nearly $750,000 net each year prospeculing felonious crime. [ers previous Connected witli this division is the photographic department, which makes some 125,000 photos of faces and finger prints each year. The department also lias several flying laboratories in cars winch can be rushed to the scene of a crime so that photos may be taken at once. Tlie metropolitan area of greater London is 700 square miles within a radius of 15 miles from Charing Cross Twenty thousand men police it. In addition there are 70 police ears equipped with wireless telephones. Some of these arc openly police curs Others are the so-called "Q cars"— disguised as private vehicles. They arc all directed from the Information Room. Another interesting place is the map room. Here are large wall maps showing the entire London area. Every time preventable cri'm'es have been committed, flags of certain colors are stuck in the appropriate places in the map. This applies only to preventable crimes. The Police Inspectors of every London division can come to this room, study this map, learn at a glance the kind of crimes committed in their division, and decide upon methods to lessen law breaking. One Hundred Wins LEXINGTON, Ky. - (A>) - The sons and daughters of Sickle, champion sire of race horses in America this year, have won more Hum 100 races so far his season. Airlines Beat Winter Hazards by Important New Safety Aids CommeVcial Lines Hope for Still Better Record With Latest Devices i By PAUL FRIGGILNS NBA Service Staff Corrospontienl Commercial aviation took off into the current winter season with the most complete safety equipment for eoldwcalher flying in its history. The wreck of the United Airlines luxury liner at Ft. Reyes, Calif., wa.s the first setback in the drive toward the goal of a crashless winter. Challenged by the accidents of last winter major airlines of the United States set in motion several months ago a campaign to set an all-time •safety record during the most hazardous flying months of the year. Out of laboratory and office came a score of plans to safeguard aviation's thousands of passengers, pilots, mail and express. The list of plans and devices runs from static suppressors to guaranteed salaries. It includes the latest ^e-icing equipment, improved radio direction finders, a new altimeter Uiat tells the pilot for- the first time how far he is above the ground, slower schedules, gasoline supplies adequate for round trips, flight analyzers and better ground and communication facilities. Aim at Rail Record During the last few years airlines in America averaged 16,216,423 passenger-miles per fatality. This compares with 8,316,077 passenger-miles per fatality on European lines. Tlie American figures showed flying to be twice us safe as motoring but still falls short of the railroads' record. Improve winter flying, and this record will be approached, airlines officials contend. To that end the major U. S. lines entered the winter better prepared than ever ebefore. Not in service on all airlines but giving tremendous promise is the aliimeter. It tells how far the pilot is Mrs. C. A. Evans to Address Club Here Will Speak at P.-T. A Meeting at City Hall Next Tuesday The study group of the Hope Council of the Parents and Teachers Association will meet at its regular time next Tuesday afternoon at the city hall, with Mrs. C. A. Evans of Arkadel- phila as the principal speaker. Mrs. Evans has been a'member of the state board for a number of years and her work in the State Congress of Parents and Teachers has been very successful. Her study in the field of "Narcotics" has given the various units in the parents and teacher work, a program quite worthwhile. The meeting Tuesday is the second lesson in the study club. Preceding the study club will be the regular meeting of the city council, when a short business session will be held. Every study club chairman of the loca PTA is asked to notify all members Harrington Gates has returned 'to school at Dartmouth after leaving because of the strong language of fellow football players. While the team did no singing, they did render Gates ajar. France Angered by Fascist Gesture Toward African Colony GERMANYJIT, TOQ French Say Italian Action Blocks Franco-Germany Treaty PARIS, France-W-French officials left no doubt Saturday that an unsatisfactory Italian answer to' France's demand for "explanations" of the Fascist campaign for French- controlled territory would end all hope for completing the French-German war-renunciation act. France, asked Italy to make her position known by Monday night Italy Dodges Sources close to the Foreign Ministry said the Italian-Foreign minister told the French ambassador Friday that the Italian government assumed no responsibility for demonstrations m the Italian Chamber of Deputies Wednesday demanding French Tun- ISlcl. These sources said that this reply was considered unsatisfactory, since the Italian government did nothing to prevent the demonstration, and Because of recent articles in the government-controlled Fascist press. France acquired /Tunisia in 1881 ready to march-even against France —if it is necessary." a i'f st a tement wa s made in de- alleged French insinuations of coolness between the Italian royal house and the Fascist regime during last (Continued un Page Tliree) Cotton NEW ORLEANS. — (/Pj — December cotton opened Saturday at 8.59 and closed at 8.49. Spot cotton closed 12 points lower, ,,-Mi:.^,* o 'in middling 8.37. Peter Sandretto of 'United Airlines' research division examines one of the antennae of the new altimeter, a safety d e . vice that fives the pilot his exact altitude above the terrain liver which he is MIND Your MANNERS T. M. Reg. U.-S. Pat. Oft. Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then check against the authoritative answers below: 1. Should a visitor knock on the door of a hospital room before entering? 2. When you are visiting one wlu> is ill, should you tell your own troubles? 3. Is a very symathotic or a matter-of-fact attitude the best for one visiting a person who is ill? a lioital, and a meal is-brought him, 4. If yo uare visiting a person in a hospital, and a meal is brought him, should you leave? 5. Should a person call his nurse ''Nurse" or "Miss Green?" What would you do if— You arc visiting a patient in a hospital, and Hie doctor comes in to sec the patient— (a) Say that you must go, and leave quickly? (b> Ask if you should leave 1 ' (c) Stay? Answers 1. Yes. 2. No. 3. Matter-of-fact, 4. Yes. 5. "Miss Green." Best "What Would You Do" solution—(a). Indian Mogul Stymied for Lack of a Bird CALCUlTT^-W-The absence of a bird reportedly held up the annual procession of the Raja of Jharia (Bihar) on Dusserah festival day After immersing the idol of the goddess Durga, the raja started to return to his palace. He covered a considerable portion of the route without sighting the auspicious bird Nilkantha. According to tradition the Rajas of- Jharia should not return to the palace without seeing this bird on Dusserah clay. A drive was instituted to bring out a Nilkantha. After a two hours' wait the raja sa wthe bird and the procession proceeded. Japanese may remove a giant tatue of the Goddess of Mercy from a hilltip. Naval theorists believe it would constitute an ideal marker along which enemy warships might sight to bombard a nearby naval base. •i e% Shopping Days Till Christinas > MR. M. K.GANDHI \NAS "t-&RitiSH NONi- \ :AMPAIG-/J««O =j T COKING BACK TO CHRIST- : ** MAS 18 YEARS AGO— Prohibition was booming Call-j fornia grape industry. . . . j Holiday cheer dampened by i threat of immigration wave. ... I Hoover-headed "European Relief Council" brought joyous Christmas to millions of European war orphans. . . . New) York newspaper held: "We are being taxed to death." A Mr. M. K. Gandhi was lead? ing anti-British mwv tion movement uj .I. r, ,- • . ^volvc Britain Political circles said that Italian insistence on recognition of Tunisian claims might be' regarded as prejudicing the Mediterranean status nuo which Italy, andi Great -Britain' agr3ed c to respect under the accord they made* effective November 16. If the Italian campaign should persist, they said. B ?t>sh Prime Minister Chamberlain might bring up the subject when he visits Premier Mussilirii in Italy next month, Virginio Gayda, authoritative Fascist editor, declared in an editorial in Friday n Giornale d'ltalia that Italy was united "solidly behind its government % ™ ** ^erything today * * * >

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