Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on November 30, 1938 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, November 30, 1938
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John TV Flynn Says: South America Patterns After Fascist Model, Not Nazi, and Therein Lies Guide to U. S, Course as Neighbor t By JOHN T. FLYNN NBA Service Staff Correspondent NEW YORK.—As the United States turns her eyes toward South America in search of what President Roosevelt calls American "continental solidarity," there Is one danger which seems to be overlooked One of the commonest of human frailitics is found in the perversity with which men flee from i'mjiginary perils into the arms of real ones. At present an immense noise fills the cans about the German menace in South America. This is set up as a giant enemy to be mot and conquered. And so much energy is developed to meet and overcome this ogre that we give no thought to the great serpent coiled in the bushes which is the real danger. The trouble in our South American approach is to be found in our confusion of the terms "Nazis'm" and "Fascism." They are continually used interchangeably. Hence the discussion as to whether South America has gone Nazi or Fascist becomes obscured Upward Turn for St. Louis District More Pronounced Statistics Show October- November Continuing Business Gain INDUSTRY~TURNS UP Recovery Noted Principally in Re-employment by Industry ST. LOUIS', Mo.—(/P)—Statistical data for October and the first three weeks of November reflected Wednesday continuance of the upward trends in business which began in the Eighth Federal Reserve District last summer. The federal reserve bank said production in the principal and many minor industries increased some what more than the seasonal amount and there was a wellldefined improvement in employment in a majority of the manufacturing centers. Retail trade expanded moderately despite the handicap of unusually high temperatures which served to hold down the movement of all descriptions of seasonal merchandise. Measured by sales of department stores in the large cities, the volume of retail trade in October was 2.9 per cent greater than in September and 7.5 per cent less than in October, 1937. Gain for Wholesale Steady gains in the volumn of wholesale distribution, noted during the preceding three months, . were dc- verscd in October, total sales of reporting firms decreasing 7.9 per cent under September and 1.9 er cent below October of'last year. The bank's monthly report said the warmer weather during October and the persistent policy of retailers to purchase only for immediate or well- defined future requirements were the principal influences accounting for the declines. The losses, however, were considerably less than in any previous month this year and since the first of November there has been a noticeable pickup in wholesale trade, with extensive covering on holiday merchan- "f Hope Star WEATHER. Arkansas—Fair Wednesday night and, Thursday; slightly warmer in south 'portion Wednesday night* VOLUME 40—NUMBER 41 HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 30,1938 PRICE 6c COPY CITY HEAVY As indicating; the increased*.rate of industrial activity, the bank's report noted consumption of electric current by industrial users in the principal cities was well sustained in October and moved sharply upward in November. The rate of operations in the iron and steel industry showed further improvement, with steel ingot production at mid-November advancing to 51.5 per cent of capacity, a new high for the year and the best since October, 1937. Shipments and the melt of pig iron ni October also moved up to the highest level since last fall. Lumber Improves Lumber production remained practically unchanged from September,, with shipments and new orders still( measurably larger than current output. The steady expansion in production of petroleum in the district, noted in each preceding month this year, contained in September, the report said. Following trends prevalent in the country as a whole, production of bituminous coal increased moderately in October over the previous month, but total tonnage was about 15 per cent less than a year ago, Both production and consumption were held back by the record high temperatures. October zinc output, stimulated by broader demand, increased 9 per cent over September. Shipments in October were steady with the proceeding month and about 7 per cent greater than a year ago. The weather during the period covered by tile report was auspicious for agricultural operations, the bank said, affording fairly ideal conditions foi harvesting corn, cotton, legumes, pain toes, and many other late crops. Pastures and fall sown grain suffered to some extent from the prolonged dry weather, but the net effect of the drouth as a whole was light. The November 1 report of the Department of Agriculturt indicated district yields of the principal crops, except tree fruits, were above average. in a good deal of fog. South America is not Nazi, is not going Nazi and probably never will. But 'South America is going Fascist. Fascism presents a new approach to the solution of the difficulties of capitalism. It is a form of social government in which the slate attempts to organize and plan and control the economic life of the people. The essence of it is the division between the economic life and the purely political life. The latter is still en trusted to direct state servants, political officials and even a political legislature. The former—the economic life —is entrusted directly to the representatives of business organized into groups and c'm'powered to make rules and regulations affecting production, prices, competition, investment, etc. The Necessary Dictator While business groups thus organized exercise jurisdiction over these economic problems in the first place, they arc subject, of course, to the veto or supervision or interference or domination in the last analysis of the state which is represented by a dictator. A dictator is essential to the pocration of this system. This dictator-governed, dual organization of the state into political and economic authorities in which democracy is rigidly excluded involves minute regimentation, regulation at every point, drastic enforcement, espionage as an aid to enforcement, etc. It involves the sacrifice of democracy to save the economic system, but oddly in practice ends very quickly with the destruction of the cono'm'ic system it set out to save. This is not German or Italian, although the idea was first tried in Italy and has spread to Germany and other countries. In each case it originated within the country itself. Nazism includes a Fascist form of government, but it is something essentially German. It includes not only the Fascist government forms, but all those other racial, cultural, military and external policies which we associate with Hitler's regime The Nazism has made no headway in South America whatever. But Fascism' Gold Football Goes to Bobby Ellen at Chapel Exercises Bobcat Center Is Chosen as Best All-Round Student-Athlete PRAISED BY SCHOOL Fulkerson Given Trophy as Most Valuable Member of Squad Bobby Ellen, junior and center of the Hope High School football team, was selected by school officials Wednesday as the "best all-round student and athlete." He was awarded the gold football offered annually by school officials at chapel exercises held in the auditorium of the school Wednesday morning. The presentation was made by Miss Beryl Henry, superintendent. Ellen then responded wtih a short talk of appreciation and presented the school with trophies the high school team won last year at the district track meet held.in Texarkana. The team won trophies by taking the mile medley and the 880-yard relay races. School authorities praised Ellen for his class-room work, general attitude and spirit toward betterment of the —o War Talk Revives Ghost Fleet of 48 Destroyers at San Diego's Naval Base ® 48 "Little Ships" Decommissioned in '22 Peace Plan Cut Today Navy Is Feverishly Putting Them in Condition Again CLOSELY GUARDED (Continued on Page Three) Mrs. J. Robberts Dies Wednesday to Be Held at 2 p. m. Thursday at Shover Springs Mrs. Josephine Robberts, 73, of the Shover Springs community, died at 2 a. m, Wednesday in Josephine hospital after an illness of three weeks. Funeral services will be held from the Shover Baptist church at 2 p. m. Thursday, conducted by the Rev. W. J. Burgess of Little Rock and assisted by the Rev. E. T. Burgess of Gurdon. Burial will be in Shover cemetery. Surviving are four daughters, Mrs. lone Webb, Mrs. Lois Garrett, Mrs. C. L. Reese and Mrs. Susie Shclton; three sons, L. L. Robberts, C. B. Robberts and R. H. Robberts; a sister, Mrs. Lilia Gentry; and two brothers, R. L. and J. J. Byers. Active pallbearers will be: Millon Caudle, Howard Collier, A. C. Albritlon, Erie McWilliams, Byron Ruggles, W. A. Walker. 113 Killed in Floods in Dutch East Indies AMSTERDAM, Netherlands — (/P) — Dispatches from the Netherlands East /Indies Wednesday said 113 persons had been killed by floods on the island of Celebes. Some- of the following statements are true, some are false. Which are which? 1. Christopher Columbus died in prison. 2. The first appendicitis operation was performed in New York city. 3. Racoons live to an extended age. 4. A dead snake's tail will wiggle until sunset. 5. Buttons were first used on sleeves by Frederick the Great to keep his soldiers from wiping their faces on the sleeves of their uniforms. Answers; oil Piigc One MIND Your MANNERS T. M. Reg. U.-S. Pat. Oil Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then check against the authoritative answers below: 1. Is it good manners to write letters of criticism to politicians or writers and not sign one's name'.' 2. Should a letter be addressed without a title—such as "James Brown"? 3. Is it courteous to call a doctor "Doc"? 4. Is it good taste to pun on a person's name when you arc introduced? 5. Is it good rammers for a young man to say "Sir" when speaking to a much older man? What would you do if— You meet an author whose works you have never read— (a) Tell him you like his work? (b) Tell him you have never read any of his books? (c) Show your pleasure at meeting him without mentioning whether or not you have read his books? Answers 1. No. 2. No. "Mr. James Brown." 3. No. Doctor or Doctor Brown. 4. No. 5. Yes. Best "What Would You Do" so- lution—(c). —Photo by Hope Star. Bobby Ellen school. Coach Hammons commended Ellen for his work on the gridiron and his willingness to sacrifice for the team. Hammons pointed out that when the emergency existed at center position this season, Ellen asked for the job stepped into the position overnight and developed into one of the best high school centers in the state. Bobby is slated to hold down the same position on next year's squad. Fulkerson Gets Trophy Jack Fulkerson, senior and end on this year's squad, was presented the gold trophy award offered annually by Stewart's Jewelry store to the most valuable member of the team. Selection of Fulkerson was made by the team in a vote cast Tuesday. The trophy was presented to Fulkerson by Edwin Stewart, member ol the Stewart Jewelry firm. 1'cp Leaders Awarded Yell leaders of the high school pep squad were awarded letters at the Protective Red-Lead Taken Off Vessels, Overhauling Is Begun By HAROLD KEEN NBA Service Special Correspondent SAN DIEGO, Calif.—The navy is scraping the rust of 16 years off a "ghost fleet" in the destroyer base here, refitting every ounce of floating strength for whatever action the new world arms race may bring. In 1922, after only a comparatively jrief service, Uncle Sam steered these World war raiders into the "red lead row" of San Diego base, ordered the 48 destroyers decommissioned under .erms of the Washington Naval Treaty. The world was getting ready for peace. Today, behind closely guarded gates, the navy moves at feverish pace to recondition these same destroyers. So the navy's preservative "red lead" is coming off these days along with the corrosion and rust accumulated since 1922 and the familiar "battleship gray," emblem of the active war* 1 ship, is going back. When the job is finished the present strength of the destroyers in the battle force will have been almost doubled. Tremendous Undertaking It is a staggering task. Superintending the job is stocky Capt. Byron McCandless. When Captain McCandless took over the reins of the destroyer base in January, 193f7, the "tin cans" were in a deplorable condition. The base had been a virtual junkyard to which skippers of active vessels looked for replacements whenever they needed another valve or a gear. Promptly Captain McCandless went into action. The destroyer base began to vibrate with new activity. Today the base is on a virtual wartime footing. Vigilance of the marine sentries at the gates has been doubled, swarms of skilled, hand-picked crews of enlisted men, machinists, electricians, carpenters, gunners, torpedo men are on duty around the clock. One by one the destroyers arc being pulled out of "red-lead row," missing parts replaced, sludge celaned out of the bilges, slacks removed and renemew wherever corrosion is discovered. The boilers, gears, torpedo tubes, rigging, even the ice boxes in the galleys are being thoroughly reconditioned. Eventually the fleet of 12 divisions will be ready to get up steam, take on personnel and provisions and sail in a few hours' time. Although they will not match the speed or the destructive power of the new 150- and 1850-ton vessels, all will be efficient fighting ships. They will give Uncle -Sam naval equality with Britain's light cruisers, and with Japan who repudiated the Washington Naval 579 Votes Are Cast at 2 p. m. in City Primary Election Total Will Reach' More ' Than 1,000 Officials Predict 15 SEEKING OFFICE Mayor, City Treasure r, and Four Aldermen to Be Nominated A survey of the electon polls at 2 p. m. Wednesday showed that 579 ballots had been, cast in the Democratic city primary election in which the,offices of mayor,.city treasurer and four > aldermanic posts are at stake. « = .The vote by Wards at 2 p. m.: Ward One, Arkansas Bank & Trust Co. building—241. -' Ward Two,' Frisco depot—162. Ward Three, 556 Service Station—94. Ward Four, City Hall-S2. Total—579. Officials expressed the opinion that the total vote would reach well over the 1,000 mark by night fall. , Opposition in each race, except that for city treasurer in which Charles Reynerson is unopposed for a fourth term, accounted for the heavy voting. The campaign, slow to get started, gathered momentum in the closing days which brought out a field of 15 candidates, all seeking aldermanic posts except three. Candidates appear on the ballot in this order: / / For Mayor 4.A.EMBREE -,-' ' jr. S. ATKINS For City Treasurer conclusion of the exercises. Receiving letters were Jenny Sue Moore, Joy Ramsey, Audrey McAdams, Jimmy Cook and Donald Parker. Track sweaters also were awarded. They went to Joe Eason, Bobby Ellen and Jack Fulkerson. Selection of next year's football captain is expected to be made within the next few days. Early Spring Hill Settler Succumbs Mrs. Emma Daugherty, 79, Dies After Three-Week Illness Mrs. Emma Frances Duughcrty, 79 one of Spring Hill's oldest citizens, died Tuesday at her home in the Spring Hill community after an illness of three weeks. Funeral services were to be held at 2 p. m. Wednesday from the Baptist church in Spring Hill, conducted by the Rev. Silvey and the Rev, CUirk. Burial was to be in Huckabee cemetery. Mrs. Daugherly was a native of Hempstead county. She had resided in Spring Hill more than 50 years where she was a member of the Baptist church. She was the widow of the late Tom Daugherty. Surviving are one daughter, Mrs, Rosie Parker of Spring Kill and a host of neices and nephews. Treaty. Prcc'iiutimis Against Spies Since the big job started here, it has become harder to get into the destroyer base than into any of the other numerous naval bases in southern California. The answer, says Captain McCandless, is just this: "We may as well face the fact that sites of the naval bases are infested with spies. They're all around us and I'm determined to prevent their learn- County Judges to Protect Counties Legislative Program Debated at Association of Judges LITTLE ROCK— (/Pi—The Arkansas County Judges association at a reorganization meeting here Wednesday elected Judge James M. Malone, of Lonoke county, president, and discussed a legislative program based on the "protection of county rights." The retiring president, M. L. Turnbow of Pope county, who did not seek re-election as county judge, was voted a life membership in the organization. Of the legislative program, on which discussions opened Wednesday af- 'ternoon, President Malone said: "The state gradually is taking over the duties of the county governments, and we must protect our interests." (Continued on Page Three) • » » Electric Lights for Rural Nevada Redlancl Community to Be Served by the Arkansas Power & Light Co. LITTLE ROCK, Ark.-(/P)-Thc utilities commission granted the Arkansas Power and Light company authority Tuesday to construct 18 miles of rural electric lines to serve the Redland community, Nevada county. Approximately 60 customers will be served. The commission approved an application of G. E. Davis, operator of the Southwest Telephone Co. at Glenwood, for permission to negotiate a S4.00C loan from the RFC or a Glcnwooc bank. The petition said ?3,000 would be used to pay off existing indebtedness and the remainder to iiVake improvements at the plant. Freight Rates, a Handicap to Dixie Roosevelt Denies Discussing Judgeship With Arkansas Governor ATLANTA, Ga. — (/P) — Governor Qirl E. Bailey of Arkansas said Wednesday that freight rate barriers were "the reasons the South has been described as the nation's No.'l economic barrier." Interviewed on a visit with Govcr- lor E. D. Rivers, Governor Bailey attributed sucii problems as low wages and the farm tenancy situation to "dis- French General Strike Quickly Broken by Daladier's Troops Germany Posts New Regulations Against Jews— Czechoslovakia Elects President Whose Policy Will Be Pro-German PARIS, France— (fP) —A. nation-wide array if armed force called out 1 by Premier Daladier Wednesday quickly broke the 24-hour strike—organized labor's first big challenge to his government and its economic program. The stocky premier, accused of die-© tatorial ambitions, met the issue headon. In a few hours nothing was left of the movement, directed by the powerful General Confederation of Labor, except isolated partial strikes in private industries, dockworkers" strikes in some ports, and a few street-car strikes. Approximately 500 arrests were criminatory freight against the South." barriers raised Judgship Not Mentioned WARM SPRINGS, Ga.-(/P)-President Roosevelt said Tuesday he had discussed with Governor Carl E. Bailey of Arkansas the status of PWA applications in that state, including those involving new university buildings. He did not indicate whether any decisions were reached. He replied negatively when asked whether Bailey was being considered for a federal judgeship in Arkansas. Legion Meeting to Be Held Thursday Night The American Legion post of Hempstead county will hold its regular monthly meeting at 7:45 o'clock Thursday night at Hope city hall. Important matters will be discussed. All World war veterans are urged to attend. made in the Paris district. New Decrees on Jews BERLIN, Germany—{#)—The government carried its sweeping anti- Jewish campaign a step further Wednesday with publication of an order empowering police to tell German Jews when they may or may not leave their homes, and where they may or may not go. The regulation, published in the official Gjazctte, explained that the order provided a "legal basis" for Tuesday's decree forbidding Jews to appear on the streets during eight hours on the Day of National Solidarity, December 3. Czechoslovakia Elects PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia — (#>) —, Shrunken Czechoslovakia Wednesday elected as the republic's third president Dr. Emil Hacha, 66, president of the Supreme Court Administration, a newcomer in politics. He was the only candidate, his election by the national assembly being merely a formality. Rudolf Beren, agrarian party leader, will be the new premier, and is expected to follow completely a pro-German course. Executions in Rumania BUCHAREST, Rumania—(/Pj—Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, 39, Rumanian Fascist leader and 13 others serving prison terms with him, were shot and killed Wednesday as Rumanian authorities struck at terrorism attributed to Codreanu's outlawed Iron Guard organization. An official statement said the 14 men were killed while attempting to escape from prison near here. The announcement added that they were buried in the prison cemetery Wednesday morning. Cotton NEW ORLEANS. — (A') — December cotton opened Wednesday at 8.77 anc closed at 8.79 bid, 8.80 asked. Spot cotton closed steady two points up, middling 8.GG. TVA Fails to Show All of Investment Delayed Posting of 130 Millions Given It by War Department WASHINGTON — (IP}— Three government auditors told the TVA investigating committee Wednesday that the books of the government power agency failed to reflect all government funds invested in TVA. William A. Owen, from the office of the Comptroller General of the United States said the Department of War turned over to the TVA in 1933 properties worth 130 million dollars, but no value was placed on these on ,thc TVA books until 1936. The auditor said this gave the TVA an advantage in computing power rates. 17,432 Bales Ginned; 28,319 Ginned in 1937 There were 17,432 bales of cotton ginned in Hempstead county from the crop of 1938 prior to November 14, as compared with 28,318 bales on the same date last year, according to W. H. Etter, federal gin reporter. Temporary Truce Moves Livestock 4,000 Animals Cleared From Corrals in Strike- Bound Market CHICAGO— VP>— Sales were resumed for a brief period at the Chicago stockyards Wednesday under aif agreement with striking CIO handlers. Approximately 4,000 animals, stranded in the pens during the stalemate, were led to the weighing chutes. The temporary truce covered trading in these animals only, and was arranged to allow commission men to clear the corrals. For Alderman—rWard One JIMME L. ANDERSON L. CARTER JOHNSON J. R. WILLIAMS A. C.ERWIN For Alderman—Ward Two F. Y. TRIMBLE L. M. GARNER KENNETH G. HAMILTON For Alderman—Ward Three ROY JOHNSON W. A. LEWIS FRANK NOLAN For Alderman—Ward Four C. E. TAYLOR SYD McMATH Election officials are urged to report the results at each voting precinct immediately after the final count in. order thata tabulation may be by The Star. The newspaper will not issue an election extra, but it is anxious to have the final count as quickly as possible. Red Cross Fund Over $1,000 Mark Washington and Ozan Reports Send Total Wednesday to 11022.87 Previously Reported ?973.07 A. D. Deloney „ 1.00 Mrs. C. M. Williams _... 1.00 Oscar Gold 1.00 J. F. Duggen 1.00 Mrs. Pink Horton 1.00 J. M. May : 1.00 Mrs. Anna Turner 1.00 Lee McDonald 1.00 Mrs. J, A. Wilson „ 1.00 Paul Rowe 1.00 (Continued on Page Three) ShoppinaDays Till Chrfstmos $54,000 PWA Grant for Nashville Courthouse WASHINGTON.—(fl-)-Adeis of Senator Hattie Caraway announced Wednesday that the Public Works Administration (PWA) had notified them it had granted $54,000 for a new courthouse at Nashville, Ark. A Thought Deep vengeance is the daughter of deep silence.—Alfieri. 1 / wefte PoPut-AR -HITS.,.. T OOKING BACK TO CHRISf- ** MAS" 21 YEARS AGO— Jerusalem, the Holy City, was taken by the British at the Season of Peace. . . . Millions were bustling about to send Christ-- mas presents to the boys in camp. •. . . "A Bible for every Soldier and Sailor" was a popular slogan. . . . Tremendous Red Cross drive spurred by the Halifax munitions explosion which killed 1300. . , . "K-K- K-Katy," "Smile s," "Qyer There," were popular

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