Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois on May 28, 1952 · Page 1
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Alton Evening Telegraph from Alton, Illinois · Page 1

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Wednesday, May 28, 1952
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ALTON EVENING TELEGRAPH M«ttb«t of Th« Associated Press. Sc Per Copy. Vol. CXVII, No, 116 ALTON, ILL., WEDNESDAY, MAY 28, 19S2 Established Januir? 15, 1696. Plan to Quiz State Official On Belt Road Dustlesg, Smootli McAdams Highway By Summer Seen GAAC Will Invite Barker To Discuss Plans With Group F. N. Barker, chief highwny engineer of the Illinois division of highways, will be invited to spend a day In Alton and go over (he plans for the Alton bell: highway with members of the highways, street and traffic control committee of the Greater Alton Association of Commerce. This decision was taken by this group at a meeting Tuesday noon held In Hotel Stratford when riis trict highway engineer Jesse Gary endeavored to explain the reason for making this road a freew.iy and non-parking thoroughafare. Gary, explaining that the belt line was intended to alleviate traffic, said it was necessary to have a freeway and non-parking road In order to make room for the heavy load of vehicles that would use the route. He said (hat the freeway would be limited and would not affect any of the present cross streets or alleys and that property owners would have access to their homts, hut It was necessary to have parking eliminated if the street was to serve the purpose of moving heavy traffic around the city Kestrictions Noted Commercial establishments along the highway would be discouraged, Gary said as this woulr tend to clutter up the street and defeat the very purpose of the project. He also pointed out that the state could and probably woulc endeavor to eliminate egress and access to present business establishments on the proposed route. This statement brought forth serious objection from the committee and it was pointed out to him that if the state was going to demand these severe restrictions within the city limits they could expect long and expensive legal action against such policy Walter T. Woodcock, executive director of the Greater Alton Association of Commerce led the questioning of Gary and asked him what would happen if the city council refused to comply with the state's request. Gary replied he could not answer that query. Woodcock also asked the engineer if the complications now arising relative to the route were being brought up in order to make the project objectionable to the people of Alton and thus delay it Gary stated this was not the case that the highway department was very anxious to build the road in order to alleviate traffic congestion in the area. Gary also said that the state was paying the entire cost of the improvement and tha offiicals were of the opinion the state had the right to ask for certain restrictions. Harry L. Meyer, committee member, advised the engineer thai in his opinion they had no lega right to establish a freeway with in a corporate municipality am that if such an action was tried the citizens of the city would figh the issue through to the last court Gary admitted that this did provide a serious problem and at the moment he did not know the an swer. By unanimous action of the com mittee it was decided to call in Chief Engineer Barker and see i a more feasible route could worked out which would not jeopardize the rights of churches schools, business establishment and homes already along the proposed route. Gary pointed out that many im mediate road improvements wen already underway in the area am that just as soon as legal difficulty on FA-4, U. S. 67 on East Broad way connecting with Fergusoi avenue in Wood River were clear ed the contract was let and th improvement was to be made a once. Robert D. Parker, chairman o the committee, thanked Gary fo graciously answering the question and said that he would appoint sub-committee to meet with Mr Barker and attempt to work out feasible solution to the problerr Last January, while Dee Hoag- nnd, 15, and her father were vatching a film of the sinking Flying Enterprise" (the ship lat brought fame to Capt. Carlen) neither of them realized that iere was a present aboard for Dee. The present sank with the hip. Dee, the daughter of Mr. and rtrs. Frank J. Hoagland, 3016 Edvards street, has corresponded vith Isabella Fiaschi of Milan, taly, through the Alton High school Latin Club. The letters writ- en by the Italian girl and Dee vere in English. Came Christmas ime, and Dee sent to Isabella a gift of various hard-to-get food and andies. Isabella sent a Yule gift o Dee. Then the two girls found through orresponaence, that Isabella's gift nad never arrived. It had been inured and so Isabella checked vith the Italian postal authorities vho traced the package to Hamburg, Germany, where they learn>d it had been shipped on the ill- ated "Flying Enterprise." The Italian girl is to be reimbursed by the Italian postal sys- em, Dee's father said today. Dip rovcment Alton Girl Saw Her Ynle Gift Sink Into Ocean 2 MFT Paving Projects Get State's Okay Final plans and specifications or two important motor fuel tax mprovemcnts, the new pavements 'or Carroll and Beacon streets, and 'or Union street, have been approved by the state division of lighways, making it possible to call bids for opening on June 9. Notice of approval by the state engineers was received by City Engineer Fairfield just in time for a formal report to the city council at its regular meeting tonight. City officials have been anxiously awaiting the final o.k. of the lighway department in hopes for an early start on construction of aoth projects. The quick approval given, it was said by Fairfield, seems to assure definitely that both paving jobs can be completed by fall, and that the bidding will be early enough in the season for contractors to give favorable proposals. The council took advance action to authorize the invitation for bids at the earliest possible date. This made it possible, said Engineer Fairfield, to set June 9 for taking the proposals. It accords with state requirements of publication of the call in the highway department's bulletins that go to all contractors over the state. Both improvements are to provide concrete pavements. Carroll- Beacon provides the loop route to the west of State street hill which is used by the busline, It reduces the grade for the "Christian Hill" climb, and is much used by all motorists in slippery-driving weather. Beacon will have a 40-foot pavement, and Carroll one of 25 to 30 feet in width. The two streets were once occupied by the street car line, and it was removal of the rails that resulted in the present bumpy condition that has long been a source of complaint. Union, also a former street car route, is to be paved to a width of 42 feet, and the section for improvement extends between Central and Henry, a distance of 1780 feet. East of Central, Union has a good brick pavement, and the section from Brown to Henry is an important cross route link for traffic between lower Middletown and Upper Alton. Prosper!s were bright today for a smooth and dustless McAdams Memorial Highway before the end of the summer. The state has called for bids to be opened Friday, June 6, on 4.17 miles of bituminous surface treatment and base strengthening on Federal Aid Route 155, from about one-fourth of a mile northwest of the city limits northwesterly to the Madison-Jersey county line. This means the state highway department plans to place a good blacktop surface on the river road, to iron out the bumps and holes, and to make it stronger to resist, the effects of drainage and traffic. The road when resurfaced svill be restored to its original good condition of three years ago, before drainage and traffic damaged Meanwhile, the city has set up its section of the river road for maintainance and tentative plans have been discussed to surface the dusty stretch from the end of the West Broadway paving west to the section which the Madison county highway department has agreed to maintain. The county section of the road will be improved in cooperation with the city, it Is understood. How the city will improve its section has been discussed, with some talk of "asphalt and chips", meaning a surface similar to that which is put on other unpaved streets within the city. The stretch of the river road $1328 Stolen From Safe in Union Office SteclCabiijrtFormlOpen, Two Cash Boxes Taken, Official Savs Races Tighten For Delegates On Both Sides from West Broadway's paving to a point beyond the Alton Water Co. pumping plant has been dusty and bumpy. Heavy trucks from Mississippi Lime Co. rock crushing plant use the road and rock dust is heavy. Though there is a section of concrete comprising one lane from Lover's Leap corner to the rock crushing plant, the road is uneven. This will have to be graded and coated with dust-laying oil, engineers have said, before it will become a suitable highway for pleasure traffic. The state's stretch phase of the road has been patched in the past as sinkholes appeared — but the section of the road within city and county jurisdiction has remained bumpy and dusty for the most part, inasmuch as commercial traffic in that section has been much heavier than over the section extending past Clifton Terrace to Piasa creek. Broken glass in the office door of the Hotel and Restaurant Em- ployes and Bartenders union, in the Faulstich building, led to the discovery of an overnight burglary In which police were informed the sum of $1328 was taken. The intrusion was reported to police at 7 a. m. by Claude Scranton, building custodian, and immediate investigation by policemen disclosed that a steel cabinet had been pried open. Gerald Dallon, business agent of the local, No. 243, then was called from his home, 940 Union street, and it was learned that two metal cash boxes were missing from the cabinet. A collection of membership dues was said to have been made yesterday. Police said that the intruder broke a heavy glass pane in the office door so that a snap-lock could be reached. The steel cabinet bore marks showing it had been pried open with some heavy implement, outer doors, and an inner door, controlled by a combination lock, having been thus forced. Reported Tuesday by the Gould Music Shop was the sneak theft from its East Broadway store of a portable radio, valued at $30. It was believed the instrument was taken Saturday. By TIIK ASSOCIATED PHESS Voting (hat ranged from cnlm in Connecticut to tumultuous in Texas tightened both the Republican and Democratic races for presidential-nominating voles today. Folding Texans started out with two conventions yesterday and •ound up with four. Each put p delegations to the national con- lepublican pre-conventlon vote- of promises made to secure Dodd's Dri?ik on House- When Harvard Dispenses Milk Fascism Gains In Weekend's Italian Election Charge Fireman With Arson OTTAWA, May 28 ff — Police last night arrested a city fireman and charged his with arson. The man, Frank Eric Thompson, 27. Moivers, Sivings, Coffee Seven Persons Injured in Various Minor Accidents Seven persons suffered injuries requiring hospital care in accidents Tuesday. Two, Russell Lister, 19, of Godfrey and Timothy Dvviggins, 2, of Strong avenue, were victims of lawn mower mishaps, and two, Randy Ashlock, 2',*, of 2338 Edwards street, and James Kelly, 6, were hurt in swing accidents. Kenneth Edelen, 8 months, son of Mrs. Louella Edelen of 617 Condit street, was burned about the cherst when he accidently upset hot coffee on himself. He was given emergency treatment at Alton Memorial .Hospital. Harry Farmer, 24, of Brighton, who was hurt when u stock car turned, over with him, was moved in Streeper ambulance to St. Jos- eph'f Hospital at 9:55 p. m. where he wai treated for abras'ons and examined for a hip injury. Th* large left toe of Russell Lister was lacerated and there was possibility of a fracture, and the nail was torn off when his foot was caught in a power motor. He is a patient in St. Joseph's Hospital. Timothy Dwiggins was treated at St. Joseph's Hospital for a laceration of the tip of the ring finger of his left hand. The injury was inflicted by a lawn mower. James Kelley was examined at St. Joseph's Hospital for possible abdominal injuries suffered in a fall from a swing, and at Alton Memorial Hospital Randy Ashlock uas treated for abrasions sustained when struck by a swing. Judy Wright, 4, of 2634 Powhatan street was taken to Alton Memorial Hospital for examination after she had inserted a kernel of corn in her left nostril and her parents were unable to remove it. By JAMES M. LONG ROME, May 28 — /P— Fiercely nationalist Fascism, soaring in new returns from last weekend's local elections, challenged Communism today as Italy's second strongest political force. The rapidly rising party is the Italian Social Movement (MSI), which believes in Mussolini's corporate state in open defiance of Italian constitutional bans on resurgent Fascism. It teamed with the diehard Italian Monarchist party — whose prewar king played straight man for II Duce — to pull the biggest elec- prise of the Sunday-Monday elections in 2400 Italian towns and 26 provinces. While Premier Alcide De Gasperi's pro-western Christian Democrat government majority bloo was winning in Rome, the MSI-Mon- archist alliance seized control of the provincial and city councils of Naples, NATO headquarters for Southern Europe, and Bari, through which much U. S. arms aid funnels to Italy. Weather Partly cloudy this afternoon; fair tonight and tomorrow; cooler tonight; afternoon temperatures in middle 70s today and tomorrow; lowest tomorrow morning about 50. River Stages iZero 395.48m. c.i Lock &Dam 26 W. Bureau 7 a. m. Sea Level 7. a. m. Stage 14.55 Ft. Pool 417.00 Rise .33 Ft. Tailwater 410.03 Student-Bridegroom Really Has Busy Day It was a big day yesterday for Robert Miller, a truck driver who attends Shurtleff College and works part time for the Telegraph. Miller started the day with his work cut out for him. He had a day of exams scheduled yesterday and he also had an important event which was to be given place in the day. He was planning to be married, and there was no thought cf waiting for a longer day into which there would be place for all he had planned for the day. So he took his first exam In the morning, then met his fiancee, Clara Louise Bryles, and together they sped to Edwardsville where they were married. Then they came back to Alton and the bridegroom was on time for the opening the second exams that afternoon. The bride has lived at 3619 Coronado drive and the groom's home is at Farmersville, 111. HARVARD, 111., May 28. /P— You're invited to a party June 5 to quaff the cup that cheers the farmers of the Harvard area—cool, fresh milk. It's the llth annual Harvard milk day, with some 50,000 visitors expected to watch the parade, inspect the entries in the local cattle show, match their judgment with the experts in the local beauty contest, and drink their fill of free milk. A 1952 milk queen, whose identity will be kept secret until the big day, will be crowned by Governor Adlai Stevenson. Some 14 bands will participate in the parade, which will touch of the festivities-at 10:30 a. m. The celebration vvill- end-at 4 p. m. so farmers can get home for evening chores. After the parade, there will be a massed band performance at the speedway grounds, with some 1000 musicians, many of them members of neighboring high school bands taking part. Entertainment and a "milk maid style show" will occu py the afternoon. Harvard area dairies will serve cold milk to al comers. The annual celebration Is spon sored by the Harvard Chamber o Commerce, which calls Harvarc the "milk center of the world." Harvard is in McHenry county some 60 miles northwest of Chi cago. Stores Remain Open On Thursday Evening Most Greater Alton stores will remain open Thursday evening until 9 p.m., R. A. Gibson, chairman of the retail trade development committee of the Greater Alton Association«of Commerce, said today. Stores generally will be closed all day Friday, Memorial Day. "For the first tinrn since the end of World War II, we find our merchants are all well stocked to take care of the spring and summer trade," Gibson stated. "Prices on almost all items are far below the OPS ceilings." General Yount Loses Position In KojeMess 'OecrlookrdTlieEiToneous Impliraliotis' in Promises n.v WIM.IAM KO.TK ISLAND, Korea. May 28- rnlions in July nt Chicago, where | /p A third American General Is Defense Waste Of 20 Billions, Barnch Claims question of which to recognize iust be decided. Connecticut's Republican conven- ion at Hartford named a 22-vote elcgation and, in Florida, Dem- crats in a primary elected a dele- ation with 24 votes. The upshot: Gen. Dwighl Eiscn- lower pulled within 22 voles of Ohio Senator Robert Tatt in the losing his command because of the kidnaping of Brig. Gen. Francis T. Dodd by Communist prisoners of war, it was learned today. He Is Brig. Gen. Paul F. Yount. commander of the Pusan army hage who was reprimanded in Washington last week. The department of the army said he "overlooked Die erroneous implications" lathering. Senator Richard Rusell of Georgia apparently jumped head of W. Averell Harriman in he Democratic race. Hence, the Associated Press tabulation of nationwide delegate trength — based on concessions, ilcdgcs, instructions and avowed preferences—now shows: Republican—Taft 404, Eisenhow- r 382. Nomination requires 604. Democratic—Senator Estcs Ke- auver of Tennessee 122, Harriman 85»i, Russell 86U>. Nomination needs 616. Kussrtl Takes Florida Florida Democrats divided their 24 convention votes apparently on he basis of 19 for Russell and ive for Kefauver. Primary re- urns pointed that way, but were Doming in slowly and could change he spread. Texas Republicans met at a Mineral Wells convention to name 38-vote delegation. Many Eisen- icwer backers were denied seats at the meeting, and they walked out: and set up their own state lathering. While the Taft-dominated convention picked a delegation lined .ip 35 for Taft and three for Eis- ;nhower, the other meeting named Is own delegation—33 for Eisen- lower and five for Taft. Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge jr., of Massachusetts, Eisenhower cam- laign manager, complained: "Po- itical trickery." Taft-backer Henry Zweifel, Texas GOP national committeeman, said the Eisen- lower supporters in Texas were really Democrats who had never voted Republican before. Fists Fly At San Antonio, fists flew when Loyal Democrats bolted the Democratic convention, guided by Gov. Allan Shivers, and named an uninstructed delegation. Shivers, a bitter critic of the Truman administration, favors Russell. Of the walk-out group, many like Kefauver and others favor House Speaker Sam Rayburn of Texas. Taft, just back from a campaign in South Dakota, told a reporter in Washington the seating of disputed southern delegations will be up to the national convention. "I think a fair decision will be made," he added. Taft said he expects his slate to win over the Eisenhower ticket in South Dakota's June 3 primary. The state's 14 votes, plus others he looked for, should boost his lead over Eisenhower by about 60 votes in the next 10 days, the Ohio senator said. Iowa Democrats and Alabama Republicans were naming convention delegates today—24 in Iowa and four in Alabama. Kentucky Democrats at Louisville yesterday chose Vice President Alban Barkley (A) as a member of the 26-vote delegation and IB) as the man they would like to see as Democratic presidential nominee. The group will vote as a unit and is pledged to Barkley. HeurseB Popular NEW HAVEN, Conn., May 28— tP —A new fad developing among New England's college boys is release by POU's on Koje island. A high military official who declined use of his name told the Associated Press Yount would be transferred within a week. The promises, made by Brig. Gen. Charles Colson. led to still continuing Red propaganda blasts nt the United Nations command. They were repudiated by Gen. Mark Clark, Far East Commander. The UN POW camp on Koje was in Yount's Pusan command. Both General Dodrt and Colson successively were ousted as Koje commanders and were riemoved to their permanent rank of colonel because of the kidnaping and Colson's promises. Ironically, Yount was due for normal reassignment in a month. His new assignment was not divulged. Clark's personal reprsent alive inspected Koje today and reported the prisoner situation "touchy but I think we've got it in hand." Maj. Gen. Blackshear M. Bryan, deputy chief of staff to Clark, touted the rebellious camp with Brig. Gen. Haydon L. Boatner, the new commandant. Asked about Red prisoner signs attacking the UN, Bryan replied: "I don't like them any better than you do. When we are ready to move the banners will come down. It's like a game of checkers. you make your preliminary move and then when you are ready to move, you make your kill all at once." Bryan did not say when Boatner will move. Officer Claims POWs Insulted Guards on Koje By WILLIAM C. BARNARD OSAKA, Japan, May 28 &— The former security officer of riotous Koje island said today it was "difficult for our men to swallow insults day in and day out" from Red prisoners of war but "there was never a single instance of a prisoner being treated inhumanely." buying second-hand hearses making long, overland trips. lor To Save The World Ozark Preacher Vows to Fast UntilDeathOrReligiousRevival CHERRYVTLLE, Mo., May 28 /P— An Ozark preacher — claiming he hasn't eaten in 37 days—vowed today to fast until death unless his prayers are answered for a religious revival to save the world from sin and Communism. The Rev. J. J. Ivie, 55-year-old minister of the Assembly of God Church, is weakening physically but was reported by friends still able to walk. The stocky minister has given his wife strict instructions not to permit a physician in their home, even if he becomes unconscious. He has prepared a signed statement to protect his wife from possible legal action in the event of his death. Mrs. Ivie said a prolonged "sense of sinfulness (of the world) has driven him to his fasting and prayer." The minister, pastor of a church at nearby Davisville and a part- time carpenter and repair man. has refused to see anyone but members of his family and persons who wish to join him in prayer in his room. Sheriff Roland Giles of Crawford county said he considered the fast i a personal matter and planned to take no action. He has known the minister for 25 years. Mrs. Ivie was interviewed by Mrs. W. R. Wills, wife of the publisher of a weekly newspaper at Steelville. Mrs. Ivie played two recordings in which Ivie explained the reasons for his fast. Ivie said in one of the recordings: "Communism, in a mad rush, is invading the nation and the government. "Nothing but a speedy evangelization or divine intervention can save the world. For if we go on as we are now, it will take a thousand years to do it." In the recordings, Ivie expressed hope his prayers would help produce a revival, starting with ministers and spreading to the people. He said he based his fast on the 12th to the 24th verses of the second chapter of the Old Testament book of Joel. This passabe begins: "Therefore also now, saith the Lord turn ye even to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning. ..." Cherryville a village of 36, is about 80 miles south of St. Ixmis. Capt. Jack McGuire, a veteran New York state prison guard who won the silver star for bravery in World War II, is in an army hospital recuperating from wounds suffered April 10 in a riot of Red prisoners. The graying, 37-year-old officer, from Attica, N. Y., gave the first dramatic eyewitness account of the April 10 riot on Koje—an after- dark nightmare in which at least four Korean guards and three North Korean prisoners were killed and at least six guards and 57 Reds were injured. Wounded Twice McGuire himself svas wounded twice—by bullets from an American guard's machinegun and a Russian pistol fired by one of the howling rioters—as he and Allied guards fell back from attacking prisoners. The April 10 violence broke out when McGuire led 100 South Korean guards, armed only with clubs, into prison compound 95 to remove a wounded prisoner, McGuire said he was ordered into the compound by then Koje commander Brig Gen. Francis T. Dodd, against his own recommendation. Dodd was relieved of command after the Reds kidnaped and held him hostage for 78 hours this month. He has since been reduced to his permanent rank of colonel. McGuire described the prisoners on Koje as "defi'int, dangerous bio, tin the benefits we gave them into propaganda for their own use." Intimidate Anli-Hcds The Communist majority of prisoners throughly intimidated the anti-Communist captives, he said, adding: "When we could, we got the anti-Communists out of the compounds. Often they tried to escape the compounds — and sometimes they made it. But sometimes they didn't and were dragged back by the Communists. We would find their hanged bodies later." McGuire continued; "it was touch and go on Koje all the time I was there. U was explosive every minute. "Time after time I went into the compounds to discuss things with the Communist leaders. I would go into their buildings and their honchos (leaders) would surround me and start talking — making all sovts of demands — mainly just harassing demands. If n.v F.MVIN n. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON, May 28 /P "Bernard M. Baruch told senators today that more than 20 billion dollars is being wasted on the defense program because of what he called needless inflation. He urged a broad overhauling of the multi-billion dollar defense effort with emphasis on faster production of aircraft, tanks, guns, and other weapons of war. Baruch, 81-year-old financier and ex-advisor to presidents, testified at an opening hearing of the Senate preparedness subcommittee. In a prepared statement, Baruch joined forces with members of Congress who have been urging greater air power to match and outstrip Soviet Russia's. Through a series of question's Baruch took pot shots at President Truman, the state department and others on diplomatic, defense and domestic issues. Protest Unlay Without mentioning Truman by name Baruch protested the White House decision to delay or stretch- out the program for a 143-wing air force. And he opposed bringing Western Germany into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization until Western Europe is armed and able "to forestall any Soviet coup." He also questioned the administration decision to build up production capacity of defense plants rather than speed production of the actual weapons. "No decisive victory in the cold war is possible as long as the Soviets hold as terrifying an edge in military readiness over the west as they do today," he said. Baruch said the waste of defense billions resulted from failure to put into operation the vast system of anti-inflation controls that Congress voted after the Korean outbreak. "These powers were not used for months during which living costs soared, all savin&s were cheapened and the real purchasing power of every defense dollar was slashed by one-fifth," he said, adding: Needless Inflation "This needless inflation already has cost us 12 billion dollars in higher costs of defense and is likely to exact another 10 billion dollars over the next fiscal year. Looking ahead, Baruch urged Congress to trim out all possible "unnecessary and postponable expenditures." But, he added: "When you live under the shadow of war, as we do today, all actions must be valued in terms of time." Baruch said the nation's top military experts estimate that Soviet atomic an aid porwer will be at a peak during the next two years. Baruch urged the Senate, as has President Truman, to restore cuts made by the House in the big defense money bill and to remove a 46 billion dollar spending limit. Baruch said: "If all out war does come much of our plant capacity might be destroyed in an atomic, blitz. The dangers of sabotage in such a conflict would be much greater than during the last war." East German Reds Tighten Berlin Squeeze Communist Police Get 'Shoot to Kill' Orders By niCHARO K. O'MAt,t,EV BERLIN, May 28 -/p— Communist East Germany tightened Its squeeze on blockade-threatened Berlin another notch today, Orders went out to Red police to shoot to Further Demands for Investigation of Koje WASHINGTON, Mny 28—/P—Demands arose in both congressional and military circles today for n fuller explanation of a whole series of Red uprisings in the Koje prisoner of war camps. Sen. Bridges (R-NH) said he wants a Senate investigation to show whether Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway "should share in the blame for the disgraceful, astounding conditions at Koje." Military leaders here have asked the Far East command to explain how, with so much previous violence in the stockades, the Communists svere permitted to get as far out. of hand as they did this month. Bridges snid he WHS far from satisfied with Ridgway's testimony before the Senate armed services committee last week. Other members of the group said in separate interviews they have been amazed by disclosures since that private meeting with the former Far East commander. Ridgway testified while en route to his new assignment as supreme Allied commander in Eurooe. kill anyone caught without a proper pass in the iron curtain's new three-mile no man's land along the West German border. The shooting order was the latest in a series of revenge moves against the Bonn government's alliance with the west. It all but sealed off the Communist-girt former capital, which trembled in fear of a resumption of the 1948-49 siege. The Russians continued their ban on Allied military patrols travelling the 110-mile Berlin-Helmstedt autobahn, sole highway link between the isolated city and the west. Allied patrols travel the highway to help drivers in distress. Regular civilian traffic continued to flow normally, but a new formula for transit visas adopted by the Reds yesterday could choke off traffic between West Berlin and the Bonn Republic at any time. Let Convoy Through The Russians also let a jeep-escorted three-truck U. S. army convoy use the highway and an American officer said: "Apparently they don't mind through travel but for some reason object to our patrols going up and down 'their 1 road." In Paris the Big Three western powers said they would regard aggression against Berlin as a threat to their own security. The new visa formula tears up an agreement between the western powers and Russia which had allowed West Berlin and West German authorities to issue interzonal passes for transit travel through the Russian zone in either direction. Implications The move had the following significance: 1. Every truck driver, railroad employe or canal barge operator travelling through the area is at East Germany's mercy. 2. The 2,200,000 West Berliners can be virtually cut off from travel into or through the surrounding Soviet zone. Yesterday the Red German regime cut all telephone lines to the west. The visa formula requires all Germans to get an East German permit before stepping on the Rus- sidn zone soil which covers the 100 miles between Berlin and the West. Commenting on the latest Red moves, a senior Allied official said : "They have now arranged things so that we have the alternative ol slowly watching West Berlin wither away, put the entire place on the dole (relief) or start up an airlift (as was done in 1948-49)." Senate Votes Down Foreign Aid Slice WASHINGTON, May 28, /P—The Senate today rejected, by a 41 to 33 vote, a further 500 million dollar cut in the $6,900,000,000 foreign aid bill. Neither side in the sharp controversy on trimming the aid program had been sure in advance how the vote would go. Veteran Senator Connally (D- Tex), leading the fight against any more reductions, told a reporter "1 think we'll win if we can get all our people here." Now the bill must go to conference with the House which voted lust week for a $6,163,000,000 bill, or $1,737,000,000 less than President Truman asked. The House reductions have brought scathing attacks from Truman and officials administering the mutual security program. The Senate took one vote yes- terdny—a 35 to 27 tally to defeat a billion dollar reduction. There were 34 absentees on this roll call -18 Democrats and 16 Republicans. Telegrams and phone calls went out to these senators from both sides last night. Drive Safely Expect 310 Americans to Die In Memorial Weekend Traffic CHICAGO, May 28, Of— The National Safety Council estimates 310 Americans will die in traffic accidents flurinET the Memorial Day week-end—if motorists fail to drive with extra caution. The council said today it expects the roads and highways to be jammed with more than 35 million vehicles. The grim estimation of fatalities was made for a three-day holiday period—from 6 p. m. Thursday t.-> midnight Sunday. Friday is Memorial Day. Memorial Day fell on Wednesday last year, and it was a one-day holiday. Traffic deaths then numbered only 84, a post-war low. Fifty lives were lost in other types of accidents, and the total for the day was 134. The council urges all drivers to: "Honor the dead by protecting the living." It also requests them to take this pledge: (1). To make sure my car is in safe mechanical condition. (2), To start a trip in plenty of time. (3). To keep my speed down so that the car is under control at all times. (4). To pass other cars only if there is plenty of zoom. (5). To stay far enough behind other cars so that I can stop in an emergency. (6). To keep my temper, to b« courteous and patient in heavy traffic. (7). To refrain from drinking before driving. (8 1. To stop and rest whenever over-tired or sleepy. i

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