Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on November 26, 1938 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, November 26, 1938
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John T. Flynn^Says; The Railroad Manipulations Make Good Example of How Not to Handle a Problem. By JOHN T. FLYNN NBA Service Staff Correspondent NEW YORK.—There probably never has been a country which had more problems than this one. That is understandable. But what is not understandable is that there should be so mony problems, pressing problems, about which the country has no policy. Take the railroads. A modem Amor- Oican railroad might itself be defined as a collection of problems. But the government hasn't a semblance of a policy respecting them. Here is one conscquncc of that. The Delaware, Lakawanna & Hudson Railroad, like many another, cannot make enough rrvoney to pay its taxes to the state of New Jersey or the city of Buffalo. So it asks the Reconstruction Finance Corporation to lend it the money. This sort of thing has gone on since the R. F. C. was formed by Hoover. Railroads have borrowed millions to pay taxes to states and cities. They have borrowed millions to pay rents on real estate. They have borrowed money to pay the rentals of roads they were operating. And the R. F. C, has accommodated them apparently whenever they have needed tliis help. They have borrowed millons to pay interest on bonds and notes, ofttimes to bankesr. J'Vom Vans to I recall protesting against this when the R. F, C. was first organized. The Van Swerigens borrowed $10,000,000 to pay a loan to the organs. I was informed that the reason for that was a profound economic one. It seems that then—in 1932—we were in a depression because the banks would not lend money. This was the explanation given 'me by the wizards in Washington. While it seemed rather terrible to live and Let Live' Policy Embodied in Trading Pacts Secretary Hull's Program Divides Economists Into 2 Groups COMPROMISE PLAN It "Opens a- Window" in the Tightly Closed House of Tariff By MORGAN M. BKATTY AP Kenlurc Service Writer WASHINGTON-Scrap those new trade treaties will) Canada and the British Empire down to their economic bones, and you have left a fairly simple agreement that will test out two opposing priciplcs of international trade—regular tariffs vs. rigged tariffs. It's really a small-scale experiment, for the great bulk of trade between the two nations will retain its groat burden of tariff duties. A few outstanding reductions in duties will pro- Hope Star WEATHER. Arkansas—Fair and colder, Imrd freeze Saturday.night; Sunday fair, sloioly rising temperature. VOLUME 40—NUMBER 38 HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 26,1938 PRICE 6c COPY TO UP RELIEF Rural Workers for Red Cross Urged to Finish Work Soon New Tabulation Saturday Brings Total Fund to $792.57 DRIVE IS NEAR END vide the basis fo the experiment Practically all nations today arc high tariff nations. Most have gone a lot farther; they restrict imports by imposing quotas, and prohibit the exchange of money between foreign sellers and domestic buyers. Germany is the outstanding exponent of these "rigged" tariffs, baling foreign sellers with higher prices, and at the same time protecting important industries with subsidies. Foreign sellers, however, must spend in Gei'many most of the money they collect for the goods they sell there. Meanwhile, Cordcll Hull, the American Secretary of Stale, has insisted that the whole scheme of things is heading to a ruinous economic war that eventually will deadlock world trade. High Tariff Principles Fixed Mr. Hull agrees that the principle of high tariffs is too well established everywhere, especially in the United States, to throw overboard. It would be like yanking the roof off your greenhouse in mid-winter to let in more air and sunlight. But he insists » littlfjoriff window s'ujuld be opened here and there to encourage trade, and, above all, tariffs should be equal to all comers. On that principle the secretary slruck bargains with 18 minor nations between 1934 and 1938. The idea was, "You lower a few duties, find I'll lower a few," and—most importanl of all- share the benefits of the reduced tar iffs with all nations except Germany, the only trader refusing equal treatment to the United States. The treaties with Canada and the United Kingdom' (the British Isles anc Colonial possessions) represent his crowning achievement because Great Britain and the United States together do almost half of the world's 40 billions of dollars worth of swapping every year. Two questions remain: "Whal have our first 18 trealics done to stimulate trade?" "Wha/ will the British agreements do?" With figures galore to play with, there are almost as many answers as economists, but gradually economists have been dividing into the pro-Hull school and the anti-Hull school Lineup of Beliefs Here is how the two schools of thought line up on the major Irealy points: 1. World Peace Hull School—Orderly trade based on the principle of fair play and equal treatment for all is necessary for world stability. "Live and let live." Any other way leads to misunderstanding, cut-throat competition, dumping, savage economic feuds, and ultimately war. Set your tariffs high or low, but leave them there for everybody. Anti-Hull School—Trade is now and always has been the subject of dispute among nations. Those having advanced standards of living must pro- led them, else seek the world's lowest level. For example, both peaceful rivalry and war established the British Empire ,the greatest trading nation of all time. Free trade was an afterthought. '1. Trade Increases Hull School—During the nearly four years of the trade agreements program, the volume of American exports and imports has been on the upgrade. Although this phenomenon is not due alone to the trealies, our exports have shown a consistently greater growth with treaty nations. For exa'mplc, exports to trade agreement countries in have the government supply money to the Vans to pay off loans to the Mor- gcins, the profound idea behind it was that this would put money in the bankers' purse; indeed all the R. F. C. oans were achieving that end, and then presently the bankers would have so much money it would be burning a , liole in their pockets. And they would start lending it. No Serious Thought The folly of that must be apparent by now. The banks have had billions poured into their pockets, but they haven't started lending yet — the pockets remain unburncd. When the R. F. C. paid taxes and rentals for other roads, I was told this was helping cities and states in trouble. The folly of that must also be -apparent now. The whole truth is that the government not only has no policy about the roads, but it refuses to even think seriously about it. Since 1931 the desperate character of this problem has been apparent. But as far as the government has gotten is to dole out a few dollars every time one of these ragged vagabonds comes ar.nund loojcing^for ,a handout, thus prolonging the agony, while the roads sink to new levels of distress. Had there been a courageous racing of the probleVn' in 1933 when that was possible the roads would be on their way to health now. Ohio Has Long Ditch COLUMBUS, Ohio.— (IP)— It is possible to travel a distance equal to a trip around the earth without getting out of Ohio's 533,000,000 county drainage ditch system, County Is Behind on Membership Quota of 1,000 Roycc Wcisenberger, Hempsteat county Red Cross Roll chairman, appealed Saturday to canvassing committees in the rural area to complete their work as soon as possible anc hand in their reports. Persons who have been missed by solicitors leave their membership func at cither of the Hope banks or at the office of Hope Star. The new tabulation Saturday sen the total fund to ?792.57. The membership quota for Hempstead county is 1,000. Out of every membership, 50 cents is sent to national Red Cross head quarters, the balance remains at home for local work. The new tabulation: Previously reported $715.62 P. T. Staggs 1.00 Myrtice Spears 1.00 E. M. Osborn 1.00 W. W. Complon 1.00 A. C. Erwin 1.00 R. T. White 1.00 Homer Pigg 1.00 Webbs News Stand 1.00 Polk Millinery 1.00 Garner the Cleaner 1.00 Barton Cash Store 1.00 Ideal Furniture Store 1.00 W. A. Lewis 1.00 L. W. Crain,.., 1.00 O. L. Bowden 1.00 Mrs. A. D. Middlebrooks 1.00 Woodmen of the World 5.00 Mrs. Ben Wilson and First Grade 75 Mrs. Otis Smith and Second Grade 75 Miss LiLlie Johnson and Third Grade 1.00 Dudley Huckabee and Fourth Grade 1.00 Miss Adell Williams and Fifth Grade 1.00 Roy Butler and Sixth Grade .50 Canal Zone Spies Are "Purged" as U. S. Cracks Down on Foreign Powers' Agents Civilian Employes of German, Italian Citizenship Fired Canal Zone Disclosed as Hotbed of International Spies CANAL VITAL Must Be Kept Open for Fleet Transfer Atlantic. to Pacific (Continued on Page Three) Report of Only 3 Months Ago Showed Air Force Satisfactory Now Army Is Declared "Sadly Outdated" as Government Presses for Huge Rearmament Appropriations I$y PRESTON GROVER WASHINGTON—So quickly was public attention caught by the rearmament excitement lhal scarcely a flash of nolicc has been paid lo active and very energetic disarmament organizations which will have their say before the next congress adjourns. ( Likely enough it will be a forlorn and profitless outburst because the wheels are already rolling on an arm- (Continued on Page Three) Some of the following statements are true, and some false. Which are which? 1. Spaghetti is made of wheat. 2. January was named for a Koman gcncrol. 3. Hitler was a paper hanger. 4. Abel was the first child born on earth. 5. Civero said "While there's life there's hope." Answers on Page Two ament program lhal started up so fast il well nigh lefl behind even some of the foremost military leaders. As late as lasl August Iho Army chief of slaff, General Malin Craig, wrote into his annual report a statement of confidence in progress of the army's air force. Said he, in part: "Great progress has been made toward the altainment of the Baker board objective. Funds provided in the fiscal year 1939 will permit completion of Ihis objective." (The late former Secretary of War Newton D. Baker and a committee of generals and civil aeronautics special- sis recommended in 1934 thai Ihe army air slrenglh be increased by 1,000 planes lo a 1910 lolal of 2320.) Report Outdated General Craig's statement on air armament officially published now for the first time, is as out-of-date as a civil war musket, although it is only three months since he wrole it. Its publication now only emphasizes the speed with which Iho change came. A monlh or so after Craig's report that the board's goal was nearly reached, President Roosevelt junked its figures as "out of date." He declined to name new figures but others did it for him. In a speech during Thanksgiving week, Louis Johnson, Assistant Secretary of War, hinted lhal defense needs might juslify an air flecl of 7,000 or even 9,000 planes, inslead of Ihe 2,320 which Craig had accepted as suil- able only a few weeks before. "Yesterday," said Johnson, "We believed thai a program calling for 2,320 airplanes of all types by 1940 would protect us against enemies from the air. Today, these figures are far below our immediate needs. ... To meet the tremendous pace that the res) of the world is selling, we mus 1 double, yes Ircble and even quadruple our present air force with the best airplanes that can possibly be produced," Air Corps Situation Changes There is a further comparison. In August, General Craig- wrote: "The air corps is now being equipped with airplanes and material that are the equal, if not superior to any military planes in design, speed, endurance and suilabilily for the military use for which intended." Bui note Ihe change of pace in November. Now, Assistant Secretary Johnson says: "Our air supremacy is threatened. From Europe come reports of pursuit ships and attack planes of greater speed and better performance. ' Even the marked superiority of our flying fortresses and our super- lying fortresses is challenged." Such abrupt changes always have jiven disarmament groups basis for arguments that the armed organiza- ,ions lake advantage of tcvcry break to whoop up Ihe cry for greatei strength. Last April peace organizations pro- eslcd before a house committee thai the navy was blowing up a war scare over Japan to justify its billion-dollat laval program. And now fear of to- :alitarian states in Europe forms the look on which the expanded air pro;ram is hung. Dissension In Military There is much dissension among military circles over the need of a whooping defense machine in Ihi country. In pre-Munich days cvci European writers were a bit puz zled by our tenseness. Jane's o London, world's foremost mililarj publishing house, commented: "An interesting psychological poin is that the government of Ihe Unilcc States should be building up an im mcnsc air service in spile of the isola tionist policy of the government, aiv in spite of the abandonment of th Philippine Islands lo Ihe risks' aiv rigors of self government. "The United Stales have nothing t fear from the Atlantic side, and sir less from Canada or Mexico. Th Hawaiian islands should not be wort the cost of a major war in the Pa cific. And yet the United States hav one of Ihe biggesl and possibly Ih most efficiently armed air services the world." By TED SCOTT NBA Service Special Correspondent PANAMA, Canal Zone — Whatever the darkening European picture presages for America, the United States has already moved into action to safeguard the keystone of its security— the Panama Canal. Alarmed by increasing spy threats, the possibility that the new world may be involved in any war abroad, the U. S. army has notably tightened defenses within the Zone here, clamped down new restrictions. Following the recent arrest of four alleged Nazi spies every civilian em- ploye of German or Italian citizenship was discharged. The Japanese, long since suspected of espionage, have been generally cleared from the Post Exchanges. Maj. Gen. David L. Stone, commanding general of the Panama Cana' Department, is taking no chances. Under his direction, there is a sharp n watch r these days—and nights—at ail the delicate control points in the powerful Canal defenses. It was directly a result of Genera Slone's orders that Ihe three men anc one woman now awaiting trial for espionage wore arrested at Fort Randolph where they were found photographing secret fortificalions. Swatting the Spies Recognizing that the whole strategy of United States defense resls on ability to keep the Panama Canal open for ree fleet movement between both ccans, all branches of Ihe U. S. In- elligence on Ihe Islhmus have pressec ilo intensive aclion. Under Ihe impelus of the Rome- icrlin-Tokio accord, a new liaison ol erman, Italian and Japanese agents s believed in full operation here. Even though the United States might ,ot be dii-ectly involved in war aboarc , is realized here lhal European na- ions using the Canal, such as Grea Jritain, might have ships sabotaged ii lie area. Grcal Britain is Ihe Canal's seconc esl customer. There is the equally grave danger o the activities of international spies ii lie Canal Zone who trade in every liing of a secret military nature, ir- (Continued on Page Three) MIND Your MANNERS T. M. Reg. U.-S. Pat. Oil. Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then check against the authoritative answers below: 1. Is il suitable lo wear a cloth streel coal over an evening dress? 2. Should a girl thank her escort for flowers during the first few minutes she is with him, or mention them casually any time during the evening? 3. Should a shoulder corsage be worn with the stems up or down? 4. When a woman checks her wrap in a dressing room, what is the usual tip? 5. Should a girl load her escort's pockets with her belongings? What would you do if— You are a college student and a girl asks you to her sorority dance. Your fraternity is having a dance the next week, and you would rather ask another girl lo it— (a) Feel that you must ask the girl who invited you to her sorority's dance? (b) Ask her for another date— and take whomever you like lo your fraternity dance? (c) Don't consider il necessary lo even ask her for a date? Answers 1. No. But a fur coat is all right as an evening wrap. 2. Thank him when she first greets him. 3. It is a matter of individual laslc. Either is correct. 4. Twenty-five cents. 5. No. Best "What Would You Do" so- lution—(b). (Copyright 193S, NEA Service. Inc.) 11 A big Run booms during- recent exercises in the Canal Zone. The boys who try to sell B. §. military secrets would like to know all the workings of this defense weapon. ©- Maj.-Gen. David L. Stone, commanding' general of tilt Panama Canal Department >*Investigation Is Asked by Demo Club Women Want Names of Financial Sponsors Disclosed BIRMINGHAM, Ala.—{/Pi—Investigation of the Southern Conference for Human Welfare by the Dies Committee in Unamerican Activilies was soughl Friday by Albamians who demanded lhal financial sponsors of the conference be disclosed. At a mass meeting called by the Alabama Democratic Women's Club, resolutions asked thai Ihe Dies Committee make an inquiry and called on conference officials to reveal who called the conference and how delegates were selected. During its first four-day session, the welfare conference, summoned lo study racial, economic and social problems outlined by the National Emergency Council, endorsed anti- lynehing legislation and protested Southern "Jim Crow" laws despite efforts of Dr. F. D. Patterson, president of Tuskegee Institute, to avert aclion on racial scgragation. At that time, United Stales Commissioner Louise Charllon, conference general chairman, said the group would "abide by the law." White and negro delegates sat in separate sections of the meeting hall. Resolutions adppled at Friday's mass meeting asked the resignation of Mrs. Charlton from the state Democratic Executive Committee and criticized Representative Luther Patrick, (Dem., Ala.' for "a betrayal of Irusl and misuse of official power," and declared: "We deplore the fact that these Southern gentlemen have in any way aided and abetted those who would sell the South for the negro vole of the North." To Burn Mortgage on Gospel Church Will Be Part of Dedication Day Services, Rev. • Webb Says In connection with the dedication services to be held on Sunday at ..the ^Tabernacle .there': wilUbe a mortgage burning service at the'.' night meeting beginning at 7:30 o'clock when the Rev. Ernest S. Williams, general superintendent will be the main speaker. The Sunday school and the Hope Gospel Tabernacle has grown in aboul three years from an attendance of 6C to 80 to a record attendance of 447 with the regular average well above 300. The church attendance on Sunday nights usually taxes the capacity o) the spacious auditorium. A splendid orchestra has been developed, young people organized and a children's church established. The building has been completed, with auditorium, paslors study, centra: heating room for equipment as wel to cool, fourteen Sunday school rooms a nursery and lavatories. Improvements and original purchase price have all been paid,out of debt The growth and progress is considerec by many to be phenominal. The general public is invited to hea_ Rev. Ernest S. Williams at the three services Sunday. District Superintendent Burruss, Secretary Robert Sellers and the Odom quartet are expected to have part on the program along with- others already French Mobilize. Put Down Strike Miners Called Into Army, Forced Out of "Sit- Down" Strike Rebel Democrats Plan Bi-Partisan Boards in States Meanwhile, Administration Itself Is Contemplating Changes TO DECENTRALIZE Bailey of North Carolina/ Burke of Nebraska, " > Are Leaders WASHINGTON- (/P) -Administration of relief by bi-partisan state boards was proposed by a group of- Democratic senators Saturday amid, reports that President Roosevelt may aks change^ in .the .present relief, ma-- chinery ' • Senator Burke, Nebfasga Democrat, said Senator Bailey, North Carolina Democrat, was drafting a bill to decentralize relief, and that several Democratic senators who have been critical: of administration policies had agreed to support it. ; Informed, persons said numerous changes in the relief program had been discussed with Administrator lopkins, with considerable likelihood hat some changes would be recommended to the congress by the president .3? 41 I PARIS, France. — (#>) — Government authorities, declaring strikes in northern.,France>were.'"virtually .tenninr ated," disclosed Saturday that 12,000 striking miners had been mobilized and that all occupied factories and mines had been evacuated without disorder. Officials said less than 10,000 were now striking, and all had been forced to quit their plants. Apparently accepting the, fact that strikes are not pernyitted by the government, labor representatives ordered the coal miners and metal workers of the norther nsection to return to work Monday Army leaders were summoned to confer with Premier Daladier on measures to cope with the genera' strike called for Monday by the General Confederation of Labor. announced. Football Team Given Squirrel Stew Friday Member.-; of the Hope High School football team. Coaches Foy Hammons and Bill Bra.vhcr and a few invited guests, were entertained Friday night by Leo Robins with a squirrel stew at his cabin located on the grounds of the Hope Country club. If the heavens are scanned with the largest modern telescope, 100,000,000 stars may be seen, according to < timates. Pope, Very 111, Is Reported Better Pius, 82, Rallies Saturday After Severe Heart Attack VATICAN CITY, Rome.—(/J>>—Popc Pius rested more comfortably Saturday after an heart allack which had caused great concern for the Si-yea old pontiff. An official Vatican communique said the hoiy father had "returned to a more or less normal condition" after a "calm night." Change at Berlin? WASHINGTON—(/P)—Acting Secre ta'ry of State Welles said Saturday lha Hugh Wilson, who arrived from his post as ambassador to Berlin, wouli be assigned to the Deparlmenl of Slat as consultant on German affairs for an indefinite period. I twas indicated this aclion 'might be preliminayr lo Wilson's permanent transfer from Berlin. Chinese Win SHANGHAI, China—(/P)—The Chinese reported Saturday they had won two victories, at Taolin and Tung- cheng, both along Ihe Hunan-Kiangsi border south of Hankow, and had completely hailed Ihe Japanese drive down Ihe Canton-Hankow railway toward Changsha. Stockyard Men to Resume Operations Will Go Back to. Work Monday, Unionists Decide CHICAGO—W—American Federa-'* tion of Labor -unionists decided Friday to go to-work in the stockyards Monday in defiance of a strike conducted by the Congress of Industrial; Organizations. The decision was reach- in a conference with O. -T. Henkle, general manager of the Union Stockyards. The strike, now in its fifth day and affecting approximately 600 livestock handlers, has halted trade on the great- ' est meat animal market hi the world. The move to resume operations was started by Thomas Devero, business agent of the A. F. of L. Stock Handlers local. He led about 200 men from the union's hall to'the yards. There a committee of 35 conferred with Henkle. "They said they would bring back between 150 and 400 men," Henkle announced. "They're going back Monday." A force of 100 policemen was on duty in the yards when Devero and his followers arrived,, A few pickets stationed by the handlers unit of the C. I. O. Packing House Workers Organizing Committee remained on duty. Devero said he had asked that the officers be withdrawn when his men report Monday. Henkle said, however, the Police Department would have to decide whether it should maintain a guard. Three Fire Alarms Reported in One Hour The Hope Fire Department was kept on the run Saturday as three alarms were answered in the space of an hour, between 11 and 12 o'clock Saturday morning. All of the alarms turned out lo be grass fires in various parts 'of town. Firemen again cautioned residents about burning trash and letting it get out of control. A stiff wind Saturday aws an added menace to burning trash. Tree stumps, 40,000 years old, were tyken from the water off the coast pi New Jersey almost perfectly preserved. Cotton NEW ORLEANS. — (ff) - December cotton opened Saturday at 8.80 and close dat 8.79. Spol cotton closed quiet and n changed, middling 8.65. New Jew Measures BERLIN.—(/Pj—The Nazi government added two more regulations Friday to its campaign against Jewish business. One provided that Jews be dropped from the roster of Jewish handicrafls- ;n The other was that stocks of Jewish retail shops, to be liquidated before January 1, are to be handed over to government trade departments or public receivers in bankruptcy. While Japan, Germany and Ilaly observed the anniversary of their anli- Communist pad and GcrnVany and Japan reached an accord 011 cullural co-operalion, economic pressure was being applied to have Ayrans divorce Jewish wives on penalty of losing their jobs. Instances were known of "unofficial representations" made by large concens to Aryan employes that il would behoove Ihcm to divorce Jewish wives. A decree was said to be contemplated compelling dissolution of so-called mixed marriages. Other developments Friday included: 1. A declaration by Foreign Minister von Ribbentrop lhat the German- Japanese - Italian anti - Corrtmunist pact had checked Communism Spain, China and Czechoslovakia. 2. Transmission by the United States Girl Runs Locomotive MOSCOW. - (ff) —Soviet Russia's youngest locdmtotive engineer is 20- year-old Elizabeth Piterskya. She is pulling freights in the Murom district, east of here. The Woolworth building is 793 feet high; Ihe Washinglon Monument is 555 feel 3 inches. (Continued on Page Three) A Thought Affliction is not sent in vain from the good God who chastens those that He loves.—Southey. An holiest man's the noblest work of God.—Pope. Shopping Days Christmas T COKING BACK TO CHRIST•" MAS 24 YEARS AGQ— America was sending a Christmas gift of 10,000 barrels of flour to Belgian Relief. . . . Though an estimated 1,000,000 were out of work in the U. S. . . . Women's skirts fell to the instep. . . . Bitter debate oa whether the U. S. should continue to send war materials to Europe. . . . Irving Berlin's anti-war songs were popular. -.. . Electric autos were going strong.

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