PAGE SIX HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS Wednesday. November 23, 1938 Rise of Barriers Between States Increasing Handicap to Trade By WILLIS THORTON NBA Service Staff Correspondent CHICAGO—The rapid rise of trade barriers beteween states has business men and economists badly worred. Ljttle by little, a country whose business traditions are based on free r«ssage ,of goods between states is "Balkanizing" itself. The kind of customs barriers that have made trade within Europe a night mare are forbidden by the United States Constitution. That gives Congress sole right to regulate interstate commerce. But by means of subterfuges like "use taxes" states agriculture regulations, liquor trade walls, motor truck regulations and taxes, fruit embargoes, and discrimintory state taxes, a situation similar to the Euorpean position is being achieved rapidly. These and delated problems are to be a concren of the Midwest Regional Assembly of the Council of State Governments here, Nov. 21—22. After 150 Years One of the reasons for establishing the puresent constitution was to pre- veint states from building tarif walls. That had begun under the Confederation, and had seriously hampered commercial development. Now, after 150 years of operation as "the greatest free trade market in the world," the state are beginning to build border trade barriers. Seventeen states'have "port of entry" laws which set up "customs houses" at principal crossing points on state lines- to enforce taxes, tolls, and like restrictions on trade. Kansas, for instance, pioneer in the "port entry' system, has 66 such "ports" Oklahoma 58, and so on. Usually there is no flat discriminatory tax against 'foreigners," but in many cases inspections and requirements are such a nuisance that they definitely hamper commerce. At least a dozen states discriminate against beer and liquors brought in for mother states. Several states tax salemen entering the state, and. much antichain store agitation is based on the "Buy Locally' cry. One town which violently opposed chain stores sudenly realized that it was selling almost it entire industrial production to a national chain. Thirty-one states have a special ole- margarine tax, designed to protect local dairy products from competition by out-of-state margairne makers. This brings relation. Alabama, a cotton-seed state, protested such a tax in Wisconsin, retaliated by refusing to buy any Wisconsin-made dary product for state institutions. Milk Markets .< pighteen states set the price of Anilk by law. That makes an attractive market for out-of-state pro- •ducers. So milk-shed authoroties have to be set up, uspposedly to protect stand^rdas, but really to prevent milk,-from other states from reaching the market. There is more trouble, red tape and expense in driving a car across certain state lines today than there is n gojng into (Mexico or Canada. You are customs-inspected as you enter' and leave Kansas, Colorado, Utah, California, New Mexico and Arizona. In several states the gasoline in your tank is measured on entering and you are asked to pay. a tax on that gasoline. States which have sales taxes feel handicapped in relation to neighboring states which do not. So, beggining with Washington in 1935, eight of them have enacted 'use taxes." If you go from Washington into Oregon and buy an -artcile, natuarlly Washington can't collect a tax on that sale. But it can charge you on that return to Washington, and does it. So do California, Colorado, Ohio Oklahmoa, Iowa, Kansas, Utah and Wyoming. Once started, these discriminatory barriers rise like mushrooms. One thing leads to another, thus:Michigan passed a law forbidding the sale in Michigan of beer from states which discriminated aganst Mjchingan beer By the beggining of 1938 beer from 10 states was being excluded. Indiana hardest hit because its brewers hac been selling ?2,000,000 worth of beer a year ;n Michigan, imposed a com plete embargo on ell beer and liquo from Michigan. The situation got so bad that a "peace conference" had to be held in Detroit, resulting in a temprary truce In the meantime Ohio inmposed $1500 annual tax on any distributor who handled Indiana beer. That cit uation is still unsettled . hTe CBhicago assembly will maki a study of such bariers, and try t devise plans to abolish them. Stud ents fear this rising tendency to shu off state from state and build barier Travelers used to cross from one state to another without being aware of the fact. Now European-style barriers between states' vex and Impede travel and commerce. * H 9 mH J^^k ™ lwir%<S(P - (A* «ie tiew ' . -/ "City stif*e«," comedy'drama featuring Edith' fellows nhd Leo Carrilio, Wednesday hight ends its highly successful engagement at the New theater. The film was directed by Albert S. Rogell from a screenplay by Fred tflblo, Jr., and Lou Breslbw. Supporting the principals are Helen Jerome Eddy, Mary Gordon, Tommp 3ond and other wellknown players. The second feature on this same program stars Gene Autry in "The Vlan From Music Mountain." How Mr. R. Looks to Four Crack Cartoonists Bubbling with the humor nnd nat- j rain ess that made the original Kate Douglas Wiggin story one of the bestsellers of its day, the film version of 'Mother Carey's Chickens" Thursday-Friday at the New theater. Closely following the book, the film deals with the interesting careers of Jic Careys. ' The head of the family, a navel officer, dies during the war with Spain, and his wife and four children, left penniless save for a scanty pension,' try to carry in as their father would have wished. Through the efforts of a young school leacher who is in love with the older daughter! the Careys leave the tenement in which they are living and take over an old, tumbledown house In the country. They remodel it as a teachers' boarding hpuse, but unforeseen complications arise just as they complete the task; The climax is charged with hilarity as the family adopts a unique method ; of .dispossessing an unpleasant couple 'who claim their house. Against this background are played interlocking, romances between the two daughters and their respective admirers,. all thoroughly, steeped in .the colorful atmosphere of the late.nineties and enriched With Miss Wiggin's sparkling, comedy. , ' • Anne Shirley 'and Ruby Kceler, as the . daughters^ ore cast romantically opposite Frank Albertson and James Ellison, respectively.. Fay Bainter portrays the highly'sympathetic mother. . Jackie Moran and Donnic Dunagan as . the o^her" two'."chickens," Ralph Morgan as the ill-fated navy captain- father, Walter .Brennan as a typical New England stot'erkeeper and Phyllis Kennedy',- Margaret Hamilton, Harvey Clark, Virginia Weidler, George Irving and;other well known players contribute to the film's realism, •'First. appearing in . 1910, "Mother Carey's ^Chickens" proved to be one of the'.most popular stories ever written. The locales of the story, .especially the' ramshackle colonial home where he final half of the action takes )lace, have been faithfully repro- Luced oii the screen. Pandro S.'Herman was in charge of reduction of "Mother Carey's Chickens," with , S; K.. Lauren and Gertrude Purcell translating the Wig?in novel to' the screen. Rowland V Lee directed. ' Pesky European customs barriers? No, this is a party of tourists crossing the state line into California. Their luggage is beinf inspected for fruit and plant diseases. Barcelona Bombed, 31 Persons Killed First Rebel Air Raid There in Many Months BARCELONA, Spain—W)—Eight insurgent warplanes raided Barcelona Wednesday morning In the first severe air attack on "the government capital in several weeks. At least 31 were killed and more than 70 wounded in the upper section of the city. The two-time comhusklng champion found the corn this year extremely small and difficult to husk. Ho protested at calling /it corn. That seems to be nubbin' it in. HELP KIDNEYS PASS 3 IBS. A DAY Doctors any your kidneys contain Ifi mllw of tiny tubes or filters which help to purity tin blood and keep you healthy. Moat poopto pnM ftbout 3 pints a day or about 3 pounds of wuite. Frequent or scanty pnasnuca with amartlng tvnd burning ahowa there may bo Boraethina wrong with your kidneya or bladder.- • An eicoss of ncida or poisons in your blood, hen duo to functional Kidney diaord6M,~in4y- a-the cuuso of nniiKinK bncknche, rhmiltuMli* aina, leg pniiw, loss of pep and enorcy/-|n? nit up nlnlila, Bwelling, pulttatm-tWIUt. ic eyca, headaches and dixzlncss. --V-;i^ir ; ?Don't wait! Ask your druggist for'DoA'i ills, used successfully by millions fori>V«r'40i enra. They olvo happy relief and will help the S miln of kidney tubes flush out poisonoui aste from your blood. Get Doan's I'filj. Outstanding newspaper cartoonists were asked to sketch, the President for the annual Press Club dinner .in Washington. And here's how Mr. Roosevelt looks to Rcichhold of the Pittsburgh Press, Her- block 'of NEA Service, Nixon of the Detroit Free Press, and Seibel of the Richmond Times-Dispatch. Adoption of Amendment j No. 32 Appears Certain 1 LITTLE ROCK. —l/P)— Nearly complete official returns from the November 8 general election, tabulated Tuc.s- da yat the secretary of suite's office, apparently insured adoption of proposed constitutional amendment No. elnv.'inating special elections, parly committee nominations and requiring use of the double primary system. Returns had been received from 69 counties and these together with unofficial returns from the six remaining counties gave 62,45-1 votes for the amendment to 55,873 votes against it. Counties which had not reported their official votes were Clark, Dai- las, Faulkner, Franklin, Hempsteac and Union. Lions have a summons call thn sounds like a whistle. Which reminds that the old Lion Tamer Adolf can make a lion coo. If the autmobile battery is kcp well charged, it will not freeze it cold weather. FHA 5% Loans' New and existing property. Real Estate Mort. Loan Service Pink Taylor, Agent; 309 First Na-fl tional Bank Building. Phone 686.1 /•••w.v.v.v.vv.-.v.v.'.v.v, Try Us For Your Meat Curing and Smoking. We Do It Right. Home Ice Company 91C East Third Street, Hope, Ark. City Meat Market CHOICE K. C. MEATS, HOT TAMALES and OYSTERS. PROMPT FREE DELIVERY. PHONE 7G7 \ \ Probation Asked f or E B. Morgan Convicted Utility Operator Pleads for Mercy From U. S. LITTLE ROCK— (IP)— M. B. Morgan, former wealthy utility operator who with his brother S. R. Morgan was convicted last February of using the mails :o defraud, asked Federal Judge T. Z. Trimble Wednesday to set aside nis sentence of five years and five days in the penitentiary and place him on probation. S. R. Morgan was sentenced ten years on the same charge. M. B. Morgan told Judge Trimble it was his first offense, and that he would abide by the probation regulations. S. Albert Kempt Is Masonic Head Hot Springs Man Elected Grand Master at Centennial Meet Montgomery Co. in Financial Crisis Drastic Decline in Assessment Causes Default ; on Bonds LITTLE ROCK— (&)— S. Albert Kempt, Hot Springs, was elected grand master of the Arkansas Masonic grand lodge at the closing session of the centennial meeting here Wednesday. Other officers included: R. E. Shel- ciuan7itUs""tha ton, Camdan, deputy grand master; Gordon Armitage, Searcy, grand or- LITTLE ROCK—The financial plight of Montgomery county, a large part of which now is included in the Ouachita National Forest was brought into the limelight again Tuesday when the Woodmen of the World filed suit against the county in United States District Court seeking §19,570 and accrued nterest on unpaid bonds of a $101,600 issue of 1926. The fraternal order charges that the county government is insolvent, that it s being impoverished by land forfeitures to the state for non-paymenl of taxes and extension of the national forest over most of the county. "When the plaintiff purchased the bonds," the insurance company .said "the county contained about 500,00( acres of land, most of which was owned by saw milling concerns anc was principally valuable for its timber The total assessed value of taxable property at that time was §2,500,000. "Subsequent to the purchase of the bondii the United States Forest Service extended the boundaries of the Ouachita National Forest so as to take in most of the county and began to purchase lands in the county. Timber has been taken from most of the lands and owners are seeking to sell same and avoid payment of taxes thereon. "The Forest Service purchased lands in the county so rapidly and in such apparent e won is a dangerous return to sectionalism ator; Ray Boyle, Malvern, grand senior which if unchecked will chip away bit by bit the free trade among states which has made the United States commercially great. Chinese Halt Jap Drive in Interior They Launch Counter-Attack North of Hankow on Wednesday SHANGHAI, Chna— <>fV- Chinese reported Wednesday they had halted the Japanese drive on Changsha. Hunan province capital, and had hurled back a Japanese attack on Sitang, 60 miles north of Changsha. The Chinese also reported the launching of a counter-attack along the entre north Hupeh front, north of Hankow. Man Lives 51 Years Without Knowing Name FORT SMITH, Ark.-f/Ph-The strang. stcry of a man who lived 51 years o his life without knowing his true name was told Tuesday by Fcrt Smith police. He is Thomas J. Brown of Fort S'nv'ith who asked police to aid in his search for his rnothf;r from whom he was separated in infancy. Now 'married and a father, Brown said hq went under the name of "Neal" until his true identity was established last week. A month ago. Brown said, he stumbled on a clue regarding his early life and after three weeks of investigation learned his true identity, a problem which he had pondered since lie was a child. He said the investigation revealed: His father died before he was born, leaving his mother without sufficient funds to support him His young mother left him with a woman with whom he stayed until he wj;s adopted by Quinton, Okla, family at the age u four. He took the na'm'e of his foster parents who never told him his true name. Born in Logan county. Ark., Brown has since resided in a number of western states. He moved to Fort 'Smith two years ago. A former-employe of a mining and smelting crwftpiiny, he is now unemployed. that unless the purchases were discontinued there would not be enough taxable property left in the county to afford sufficient revenue to pay the expenses of operating its schools and government and pay its obligations. Objection to further purchases was nude and the Forest Service refused to buy any more land in the county unless officials of the county consented. < * < "The total assessed value of all the taxable property in the county is now The complaint said that the total tax revenues of the county collectable under the state's constitution to pay off the obligations were not sufficient to pay the interest on the KJ. nils. The County Court issued an order September 20 authorizing refunding of the bonded indebtedness, the nsur- iiuce company said, but to date the county has made no move toward re- lunding. 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