John T. Flynn Says: Trade Pact Okay as Far as It Goes, But It Doesn't Go Very Far i. V'l'" £ s H« cssor •« lhc ln 'c Rodney butcher Is named, Ihe column uf ."A 1 ", ?' frly ""' nortd economist, is being run In the space of "Behind the' Scenes lit Washington." By JOHN T. KLYNN *,„„, ^r,, NEA S 0 ™ 11 * Staff Correspondent NEW YORK-The reciprocal trade tronty with Great Britain and her self-governing dominions nnd her 50 colonies is rnlhcr too lengthy .and is sprung upon the" public in too much of « lump to allow ,my just appraisal. -O One point is important to keep in mind. The .British make much of what they call the political side of the pact. They ure justified, after a fashion, for the American government'set the stage to encourage this interpretation. But this is a mistake, "fhis is merely Gunter Brothers Buy J.R. Williams Mill; Operate It Williams Retains Retail Lumber Business, to Reside Here VETERAN OPERATOR Gunter Firm at McNab Last Five Years, Now Entering Hope J. R. Williams announced Wednesday the sale of his sawmill, plant and land, Jo Frank Gunter for Gunter Brothers Lumber company of McNab. -•• ?Mr. 'Williams is retaining the retail lumber end of his business, and will continue to make Hope his home. Tlie Gunter firm is taking possession of the local plant this week and will continue operations here on an expanded basis. The four Gunter brothers are veteran lumber men having operated a mill at McNab for the last 1 five years, and owning extensive tim- her holdings in Hcmpstcad and adjoining counties. In their deal with Mr. Williams the Gunter brothers obtain the sawmill, one of 19 reciprocal trade treaties— with Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Sweden und many South and Central American countries. There was no political significance in these other treaties. There is none in tills one. It is a trade treaty pure and simple, adopted because each of the signatories believes it contains features which will help him. Won't Help Wheat Fanners Greatly The second point has to do with agriculture. We will have to hear the agricultural interests before we can form an unbiased view of the effects of the treaty. The most striking feature at first glance is the abolition of Britain's duty on wheat. But only at first glance. It will probably make no very great difference. Various wheat-raising countries— Argentina mid Canada chiefly—have immense wheat surpluses and have been dumping wheat on the British market. , The U. S. has been dumping too, selling wheat below the world price in England and subsidizing wheat farmers on that dumped part of their surplus. Thus, while the abolition of the tariff will deprive the British govern- rirv"l C |i brc ™ obtain.the sawmill, ment of that revenue, it will as things dry kiln and planing mill located in I now stand have no very great effecTt thn nnrflifvi<!t ,.„,•„„.. ,,r ,i._ _ ., , . ««.i j BH.UI ti«,Li the northeast corner of the city, and all timberland owned by the Hope man. This will continue as a going enterprise the original property of the Hope Lumber company, which was established before the incorporation of the City of Hope, and from which company sprang the beginnings of the municipal water & light plant. The deal marks the entry of the Gunter brothers as a new 'industrial factor in Hope, Mr. Williams paying high tribute to them as lumber operators. Governor to Seek Tax Equalization Some Counties Have Cut Assessment, Others Increased It LI1TLE ROCK—Among major items in the legislative program of Governor Bailey's second administration will be proposals calling for equalization of assessments of real property in the state and co-operative "warfare" to correct freight rate discriminations against the South, the governor disclosed in an address before the Legislative procedure institute, attended by most of the members of the Fifty-scc- otid General Assembly here Tuesday night. In what was regarded as a preview of his second inaugural address, Governor Bailey said the 1939 legislature would be "largely concerned" with three 'matters: 1. Finances. 2. Highway construction. 3. Freight rules. The governor discussed the manner in which assessments of property in the state have fallen from about $600 000,000 to $400,000,000 in recent years, and told the assemblymen and assemblymen-elect that in some sections assessments have decreased 55 per cent, which in others the assessments have shown increases. In addition to the injustices of certain taxpayers making their ad va- lorem tax returns on one basis pf assessment, while their neighbors paid far less or more on other bases, the governor said the reduction in assessments was tantamount to a 33 percent decrease in the tax rate. He said he knew that measures dealing with the subject would come before the Fifty-second General Assem- l>ly. In '-connection with highway construction and maintenance and the question of correcting discriminations in freight rates, the governor told the legislators "there is little, seemingly," that they could do, • He said he hoped that Arkansas, working in conjunction with "eight other states similarly affected," could wage a fruitful war at the seat of the trouble, "which is in Washington, D. For generations, England has grown lawns of camomile. Some of these still are extant. Camomile lawns usually were used for the sport of bowling on the green. Some of the following statements are true, some are false. Which are which? 1. Fish do not sleep. 2. The Maple leaf is the emblem of Canada. 3. The Church of the Transfiguration in New York is known as the Little Church Around the Corner. 4. Diamonds will not burn. 5. The raccoon washes all its food. s on Pa^e Four upon wheat exports to England. ' It will aid corn and fruit growers. How much, of ciurse, remains to be seen. Bcneficlan—But Not Command ing It will be interesting to watch the effect of the reduction of tariffs on textiles upon American cotton growers and producers. The argument for admitting British textiles is that they are limited to very high grade cotton textiles which do not come into competition with lower-grade? American goods. This part of the treaty will doubtless not affect so severely southern cotton textile plants, but it may be resisted by New England plants which go in for the higher grades of textiles. A thind point is this: there is no sound argument that.can bo made against the principle of reciprocal trade treaties. Even the most confirmed tariff advocates have been for reciprocal duties for years. William McKinley, whose career was founded on protection, was the great apostle of reciprocity and the last speech he made before his assassination at Buffalo was for that principle. The whole idea is sound. , What is dangerous is to delude the people into supposing that the economic effect /will be greater than it can hope to be. A hasty examination of the new schedules would seem to justify the belief that the actual effect of the treaty upon the trade of both countries will not be very great—beneficial but not commanding. (Copyright, 1938, NEA Service, Inc.) French and Nazi Peace Announced Is Published on Eve of New British-French Pact Meeting PARIS, France. - (/P) - The French- German agreement to submit all future disputes to consultation rather than to threaten war, was announced officially here Wednesday. The "war renunciation" pact announcement came a few hours before the scheduled arrival of British Prime Minister Chamberlain and Foreign Minister Viscount Halifax for talks on a French-British military alliance. The French-German understanding —a possible cornerstone on which may be built European peace and collaboration—complements the Munish British-German anti-war accord. The new accord goes further by recognizing formally the present French- German border. The date for its signing was not announced. Star , WEATHER. Arkanuu-Fair Wednesday night and Thursday; colder Wednesday nitjht, with temperature below freezincj VOLUME 40—NUMBER 35 HO.PE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 23,1938 PRICE 6c COPY Rev. Bert Webb to Preach Sermon at 10 a. m, Thursday Union Services Will Be Held at the Presbyterian Church PROGRAM COMPLETE Special Music Arranged for Thanksgiving Service Here The Union Thanksgiving Service, sponsored each year by the Hope Ministerial Alliance, will be held this year at the First Presbyterian church on Thanksgiving morning at 10 o'clock The service will close within the hour and Rev. Thomas Brewster, president of the Ministerial Alliance and host pastor is urging all to be present on time. The Rev. Bert Webb, popular pastor of the Hope Gospel Tabernacle, will deliver the special Thanksgiving sermon. Rev. Webb spoke two years ago at the community Easter Sunrse 'Service, and is no stranger to the churchgoing public of this city. A brief and simple order of service has been provided, with music furnish- | ed by the combined choirs of the cooperating churches and the pastors of the several churches of Hope having a part on the worship program. The program is as follows: Instrumental Prelude. Hymn: "Come, Thou Almigthy Kink" 'Invocation—Rev. W. R. Hamilton. Announct'nYenls—Rev. Thos. Brewster. Offering for Christmas Charity Fund. Dedicatory Prayer—Rev. Hollis Purtie. Responsive Reading—Rev. V. A. Hammond. Thanksgiving rPayer—Rev. Thomas Brewster. Hymn: "Come, Ye Thankful People." Thanksgiving Sermon — Rev. Bert Webb. Closing Hymn: "Faith of Our Fathers." Benediction—Rev. E. S. Rary. Instrumental Postlude. PiMULUFF! Show of Force Not Likely to Win Trade South America, Is Opinion of Flynn Livestock Trading Ends at Chicago Strike of 575 CIO Members Ties Up World's Largest Mart CHICAGO —(ff>)— Livestock trading in the Chicago Union Stockyards, world's largest meat-market, was at a standstill Wednesday, the third day of a strike by 575 CIO union yard workers. No livestock came into the open market. A union chieftian said attempts to move the animals through the stockyards before settlement of the dispute wiuld be countered with a strike call to 20,000 packing house workers. No efforts to seek peace were apparent. Five Field Advisors for Unemployment Pay LITTLE ROCK— (A')— State Labor Commissioner Ed McKinley announced Wednesday the appointment of five field advisors for the unemployment compensation division at 5150 monthly. They include: Arvin A. Ross, Arkadelphia; and George E. Bowers, Camden. Solution Merely That of Trying to Be Good Neighbbr Frozen American Capital Can't Be Rescued by Resort to Arms B U SIN ESS PROBLEM G o v eminent M eanwhile Has to Move Carefully With Dictators Fascism follows the foreign sales-... man into South America. And while the Fascist trader invading our former markets creates a' problem for our business men, the tctiililnriau propaganda involved hi hi.s sales talks builds up one for our statesmen. John T. Flynn, noted author-economist, here discusses the twin horns of this dilemma in the last of four articles • written for NEA. By JOHN T. FLYNN (Copyright, 1938, NEA Service, Inc.) . Two problems face us in South America. 1. A trade problem. 2. Thn problem of living beside fascist and semifascist nations. At first, the trade problem. Fcr years Britain and the United' States exploited South America. We have about $3,100,000,000 invested there; Britain about $4,500,000,000. Of our investments $1,500,000,000 are direct investments—that is, money invested in plants, mines, ships, factories, etc., in South American countries. The balance are bonds—loans to states and industries there. In this we differ from the Germans. They seek trade, exchange of commodities. We have acquired lands and natural resources. Of this ?1,500,000,000 of direct investments about one billion belongs to a handful of companies. Here they are: , American & Foreign Power, 5290,000,000; Anaconda Copper, 5220,000,000; International Tol. & Tel. 5130,000,000; Swift, Armour, Wilson, $95,000,000; Kennecott Copper, $90,000,000; W. R. Grace & Co., 560,000,000; Standard Oil of N. J., $42,000,000; Cerro do pasco, 541,000,000; Patino Enterprises, $34,«00,000; Texas Corp., $13,000,000; Ford, $10,000,000; Firestone and Goodyear, $10,000,000; General Motors, $6,000000- U. S. Steel, 54,000,000; making a total of $1,045,000,000. Our copper and nitrate interests— the largest—have suffered greatly. The nitrate industry of Chile collapsed because of the development of synthetic nitrates. The copper industry was hit along with the world-wide copper industry. But while these corporations suffered, along with the petroleum companies, the countries themselves were plunged into the gravest depression. They began almost confiscatory taxation policies. In Chile, nitrate control was established in which the gov ABOVE—As "good neighbors," delegates from - all the Westeni Hemisphere will gather in the handsome Congress Building in Lima Peru, when the Pan-American Conference meets to cope with problems of inter-American relationships. .. , ... RIGHT—The map shows the distribution in South America of the rich commercial treasure for which all the world is now competing. Star Is Suspended for Thanksgiving Holiday Following its annual custom Hope Star will suspend publication on the Thanksgiving holiday, resuming publication with the city edition Friday, Saturday Incoming on tile mail. The Star suspends on three holidays: Fourth of July, Thanksgiving and Christmas. (Continued on Page Three) The Probable Starting Lineup HOPE Fulkerson PINE BLUFF 180 Left End : Stallworth 250 Left Tackle FergllSQJl 150 Left Guard McPhail 166 Center Woodell 170 Right Guard , Davis 185 Right Tackle Porter 154 Right End Lafitte 170 Quartpr Payne 149 Left Half Langston 150 Right Half R. Hutson 180 Fullback _ Meroney Team Average 173 Line Avex-age 179 Backfield Average 162 Simpson Quimby Ellen Taylor Green Turner Parsons Coleman Baker . Eason Team Average Line Average 165 182 168 167 165 175 165 150 155 155 160 164 170 Backfield Average .... r . 155 MIND Your MANNERS T. M. Reg. U.-S. Pat. Oft. Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then check against the authoritative answers below: 1. Someone calls you on the telephone. Should you end the conversation whenever you like'.' 2. You get a wrong number. What should you say? 3. You would like to talk to a man you have had a few dates with. Is it all .right for you to telephone him? 4. You are giving a telephone message to a maid. What should you call yourself? 5. You are leaving a member of the family of the person you culled. How should you give your name? What would you say if— You are making a business telephone call— <a> "May I speak with Mr. Jones. please"? (bJ "Mr. Jones, please"? (c) "Give ihe Mr. Jones"? Answers 1. No, let the one who made the call end it. 2. "I'm sorry," or "I beg your pardon." 3. No. 4. "Miss Jones." 5. "Elizabeth Jones." Best 'What Would You Do" solution— uJ or (b). Business Houses Close Thursday City Prepares to Observe Thanksgiving—Services at Church The Hope postoffice, cit yhall, banks and other business institutions will be closed here Thursday in observance of Thanksgiving. Postmaster Robert Wilson announced that no city or rural deliveries would be made. There will be no window service. Outgoing mail will be dispatched as usual and incoming mail will be placed in postoffice boxes. All offices at the city hall will remain closed for the holiday as will the majority of other public offices and business houses. The only public observance here will be the Union Thanksgiving Day services at First Presbyterian church at 10 a. m. All churches are cooperating in tile movement.' ^fgg^ \U VENEZUELA ^"^VYl° ''•,... Oil, Asphnll. -, COLOMBIA W - COCM •<"""•- Atlantic Ocean .vold, pil Coffbe ECUADOR '•••:.. S . tfcold, OilV^ J \ : ~. ^ ^^•.CTV.,.'- • t^i. J :.>i^v< > §&T * f '" * ' yiC-SfS . sft •-..•: ..... B R A Z I L "^ %, & ' '*> "••.. Coffee, Cotton, I • : *,)., T !' rT . Gold, Cocoa, \. / BOLIVIA Rubber Pacific Ocean •t Oil S~. . Gold \ '••. Sugar ;• URUGUAY' "Battle, Sheep Atlantic Ocean Football Special Leaving Here at 9 a. m, Thursday •Bonfire and Pep Rally to Be Staged-by Students^ BUY TICKETS NOW Bobcats and. the Zebras to Close Season at 2:30' Thursday By LEONARD ELLIS The Hope High'School football team packed Wednesday in preparation for ™ ? • ? id game • of "'f» se^on" Thanksgiving Day at Pine Bluff. The teataVin top' condition, will board'a special train at 9 o'clock Thursday, morning, together with fans and the 55-piece Hope High School band. The Bobcats have enjoyed a success- ; iut season, winning eight games and 7^ Pm ^ S" 0 - A victory over «» Zebras at Pine Bluff-would close one of the most successful grid campaigns m the history of the school and would, leave the Bobcats near the top of the conference standings. Students and the pep squad .will stage a rally and bonfire-at 7 o'clock Wednesday night at the old Garland • school grounds, to be followed by a parade by, 'the band and students tnrough the business section. Credit to Coaches Coach Foy Hammons and his assistant Bill Brasher deserve'praise for their jork w ith the team-which after toe third game of the season—left, the squad with only one dependable' '•• Utility Head Asks TVA "to Lay Off" Wendell Wilkie Says Private Utilities Would Spend 2 Billion _ WASHINGTON—(/Pi—Wendell Wilkie, utility executive, told the TVA investigating committee Wednesday it could start a general recovery upswing by ending what he called government competition with private utilities. The president of the Commonwealth- Southern corporal ion estimated two billion dollars would be invested in private utilities if the Tennessee Valley Authority would "break the log-jam in the utility industry" which he attributed to u "TVA-PWA combination threat to destroy tile private utility " Germany to Take 20% Jew Wealth Government Seizes One- Fifth of All Estates of Over $2,000 BERLIN, Germany.— (/Pj— The German government Wednesday ordered a levy of 20 per cent of Jewish fortunes exceeding ?2,000 to pay the 400-mil- hon-dollar fine imposed for the assassination of the Grman embassy secretary in Paris by a Jewish boy. The decreo, was published in the official Gazette as the propaganda machine went into full swing with a warning that no mercy would be accorded in writing the "last chapter of the Jewish question in Germany." Foreign Jews were exempt from the levy, which must be paid in full by August 15, 1939 A Thought Truth is the foundation of all knowledge »"d the cement gf all societies.—Drvden. Country Club Dance to Be Given Wednesday The- ilance at Hope Country Club will be held Wednesday night instead of Thursday. Members and invited guests will attend. Music will be by the Oghurn-O'Neal orchestra. It starts ;it !( p. in. Cotton NEW ORLEANS. — (XP) _ December cotton opened Wednessday at 8.64 and closed at 8.70-80. Spot cotton closed quiet seven points lower, middling 8.67. Rural Red Cross Urged to Report City Canvass Is About Complete—$616.05 Present Total All rural community captains and township chairmen in the Annual Red Cross Roll Call are urged to complete their campaign in their respective communities and make their reports to County Roll Call chairman, Royce Weisenberger as soon after Thanksgiving as possible. Th,is report should show names of every individual who has joined or made a contribution and the amount of this contribution together with his address. This is important not only to affect a correct check of the money but also to be sure that the name* of all contributors and members arc published in the paper. ' Previously reported ?490.95 Hope Basket Company 5.00 John Guthric i.oo Chas. R. Crutchfield ...'.....'.'...'.'.'.. LOO Rosa Spillers J.QO Curtis Urrey ].uo Grady Beard i.oo C. M. Rogers '. '"."_, '25 Norma Taylor ?5 Homer Whitten 95 A. E. MeHay .' 1.00 Luther Ellis i.ou C. L. Skinner 50 Johnnie Wright 1.00 Cleade Petilt 100 Edgar Wills "' .50 Clifton Whitten '.". '.25 Taylor McRae 1.00 D. G. Greene 1.00 Don Griffin 1.00 Jessie Hunt 25 guard. The present backfield combination of Parsons, Coleman, Eason and Baker have been forced to go 60 minutes in aU of the tough games. Sonny. Mur- 1 phy is the only dependable substitute , back at present. At the guard positions, Quimby and Taylor have "stuck it out" through the '.majority o f games. Bill; Tom Bundy has developed into' a valuable replacement guard—and is slated . to fill Taylor's shoes at tnat position next season. 1 Hammons and Brasher have been fortunate by having an over-supply of reserve tackles and ends. Bobby Ellen, made into a center over night has been forced to go 60 minutes in practically every game and has turned m a good job. Ellen is slated to hold down that position again next year. Rate and Schedule Once more The Star is repeating the rate and schedule for fans whp are not familiar with it. The round-trip fare is ^2.75. Admission to game, 75 cents for adults, 25 cents for students buying their tickets at The Pines hotel between 1 apd i 2:30 o'clock. All tickets at stadium will be 75 cents. ' The train leaves the Missouri Pacific depot here at 9 o'clock Thursday morning, arriving in Pine Bluff at 12:30 pan. The kickoff is slated for 2:30. Train leaves Pine Bluff for Hope at 5:30 and is due to arrive back here at 9 p. m. The High School Athletic committee made its final appeal to fans to ride the special train in order that the guarantee of 5480 to the railroad would be met. With clear and crisp weather forecast for Thursday, it will be ideal for football. Most all business firms will be closed in Hope Thursday in observance of Thanksgiving. Missouri Pacific officials placed (Continued on Page Three) (Continued on Page Three) «J/J Shopping Days ^Orai Christmas x .. \VAS GiVINO PEOPLE-we PARCEL. Po9r«. T CORING BACK TO CHRIST^ MAS 26 YEARS AGO— As a New Year gift, Uncle Sam was giving the people the par- eel post. . . . The Community Christmas celebration idea was launched. . . . "There is no money trust," J. P. Morgan was telling the Pujo committee. . . . f Turkey was being sliced by the: Allies after the. Balkan War. ! . . . People shocked by child labor scandal in N. Y. canneries, x- • You could get the latest Mitchell ear for $2500.
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