No Solution Likely for Crisis Confronting Jews in Germany Morgan M. Beatty, Arkansan Ace Writer for Associated Press, Traces Their Tragic Story Down Through Centuries By MORGAN M. BEATTY AP Failure Service Writer WASHINGTON—Even before the President spoke out, it was evident that the return of Ambassador Wilson wns a direct slap at Nazi persecution of the Jcws > As disinterested experts have it, the -^American State Department must haVe calculated the attention the world would pny to headlines heralding Mr. Wilson's orders to come home. It must have known what a shock those headlines would be to Americans remembering the break In diplomatic relations with Germany in 1917. On that occasion, of course, the U. S. ambassador actually wns recalled—Mr. Wilson comes home only for "report and consultation." But the experts say Mr. Wilson's departure means Uncle Sam has come about as near as he can to protesting agonist maltreatment of the Jews without actually grabbing by the tail Hint nge-old problem—the Jewish Turkey Mourns a Good Dictator, and » Elects His Aide Kemal Attaturk Abolished Harems, and He Westernized Turkey ALL APPROVED HIM Inonu Succeeds Him, Indi- catingPeacef ul Change in Dictators By PUESTON G ROVER . WASHINGTON. - Something has happened these past few days that a great many people didn't believe could happen. A man has been peacefully chosen to succeed a dictator. That is the story of the death of President Komal Aatnturk of Turkey and the selection of his right hand man, Gen. Ismet Inonu. Turkey is so far away from the United States that the significance of this procedure was largely lost. But there arc parallel situations closer at hand. Upon these there has been speculation—strictly unofficial. Officially there can bo no speculation on what will hnppon when a dictator comes to the end of his road. The speculation has tended all in one direction. What will happen when !i successor must be found to replace say, Stalin. Mussolini, or Hitler? Hitler is younger but Mussolini and Stalin are up in their fifities, although Mussolini trios to get his people and himself to forget that. Mussolini has been a dic- . tator as long ns Kcmal. His official life has been almost as rugged and active as Kcmnl's. His private life has been far more circumspect and less of a drain on his physique. Will Death Mean End? People want to know whether they must continue to live with dictatorships only through the life of one man, or will the breed carry on. Now comes an example of a dictator being peacefully replaced with prospects that his program will continue. '• Tik:, .there arc vasi diferenccfr in the nature of the dictatorships, as seen by observers here. Kcmal Ataturk nevertheless was a dictator in his own sphere. He used the iron hand where necessary. A large difference between his siutalion and that of other dictators is that the type of reforms lie was called upon to make met the approval of the outside world almost immediately. He divorced the state frrfnV the Mohammedan church. He installed the English-type alphabet to replace wiggle-worm arable characters so difficult to teach. He started public schools, popularized western dross to replace fez and oriental drapery (imiybe that was an improvement), removed the scarf from women's faces and abolished harems. Bold As-Hitler Hi.s moves-, for a littie country, were as bold at Hitler's for a bigger country, lie tossed aside Italian, French and Greek claims to former Turkish territory, shot a Greek army into the sea at Smyrna and refortificd the Dardanelles in direct violation of allied peace provisions. Doubtless in a popular election he would have been elected but he provided his successor should bo chosen by a sort of closed corporation, the national parlin'm'ent, whose existence so long had depended upon his good will. His associates insist he was not a dictator in the German-Italian sense. Said one of thc'in: "He followed the constitution strictly. No action wns taken before" he consulted his advisors. Every decree was passed upon by parliament." Then decrees, for his plans were so wise." Dorothy Gunter Gets Pledge at Texas State DENTON, Tex., Nov. 15.—Selected by vote of old club members, Miss Dorothy Gunlor of Hope, Ark., recently signed a club preference and was pledged to the Athenaeum Literary Society at Texas State College for Women. Miss Gunter, the daughter of Mrs. Ethel Gunter, is a junior at the college. Active in many phases of ca'nVpus life, she is working toward her degree in library science. The state of Florida has 3751 miles of tidal coastline. question. And it's no simpler to let go a bear's tail in diplomacy than it is in the wilds of Wyoming. Final Solution Not Near As for the broad aspects of the international Jewish question historians agree there's little hope for a final solution in the near future. Through the centuries, the ups and downs of the Jews have been unequalled by those of any other race. In the middle ages, the Hebrews helped build in Spain one of the great civilizations of all time. From Spain Beatty From Arkansas Morgan M. Beatty, ace feature writer for the Associated Press, is a native of Fort Smith, Ark., working first with the Fort Smith newspapers, then going to Arkansas Gazette as telegraph editor. He was the Gazette's telegraph editor in 1925 when The Star's publisher was state editor of the Gazette. Later, Mr. Beatty joined the Associated Press as bureau manager, first at Atlanta, Ga., then Albany and Buffalo, N. Y. A brilliant, concise writer, he was finally rewarded by being promoted to the Associated Press staff in the national capital— the supreme goal of all wire-service newspaper men. they penetrated all parts of Europe, then as the spirit of nationalism rose around them, they sank under wave utter wave of persecution. Some historians assert that the Jews of early modern limes may not have deserved equal treatment in the eyes of the ruling princes of Europe because Jews resisted assimilation and religious edicts. Their own historians point out their sinking-in the 19th century to extremely low levels of misery and crime in the ghettoos of the continent. Americans find no reason to condone the bloody pogroms that have happened in various countries down to our own times. Pogroms Date Fur Back The worst of these occurred long before the French revolution—in Russia and nearby Slavic countries. Estimates indicate that three-quarters of a million Jews crowded Russian Poland, Lithuania, and the Ukraine. The "rcrmanies held the next largest group some quarter of a million. And as time went on, those numbers increased faster than the general populations of Europe, despite persecution. In the 18th century most of the guilds and trades were barred to Jews in Prussia, Marriages were severely regulated. But the more modern philosophy of liberty, equality, and fraternity, with the help of such men as the famous German-Jew Moses Mendelsohn, began to remedy the Jew's lot by the middle of the 18th century. England was first to open up, producing the famous Jewish statesman, Disraeli. The American Declaration of Independence with its provision for equality was the next .great impetus for advancement. Then France, Germany, and finally Jew-baiting czarist Russia fell into line. Peace Revives Resentment Tin's liberation of the Jews reached its peak about the time of the American Civil war. Soon thereafter, Europe's crowded populations began again to resent the Jew among them. Between 1881 and 1914, 3,000,000 Jews fled Europe, 2,000,000 finding shelter in the United States, inci- it was added naively: "It is good to dentally, America's doors are now know that parliament approved all his nearly closed by the immigration law '' " r -~ '-'- -' -- - '- " al 1924. Germany and Austria can send only 27,000 of their people here in one year, and they must show they i eiin make a living. The World war intervened to distract attention from the Jew, and thereafter the Jewish question simmered awhile. But with the return Some of the following statements aro true. Some are false. Which are which? 1. Foining is spearing eels. 2. The capital of Kentucky is pronounce das if spelled Looie- ville. 3. A putty root is an aster. i. Th.omas Edison invented the incandescent lamp. 5. General Grant said "War is , — — v .1 *nt. mu IK Ull* I of violent nationalism, especial with Hitler in Germany, the old, old story seems to have begun all over again. Oxford Honors Bencs OXFORD, Eng.-^-A. W. Wood president of the Oxford Union, announces that Dr. Ecluard Benes, former President of Czechoslovakia, has been elected an honorary member of the society. Whip Pierced Heart JOHANNESBURG. - (/ft - Armed with a long horsewhip with wire attached to the end, a native flicked it over oxen he was driving and on the rebound the wire pierced his heart. He died almost immediately. A Thought Live near to God, and so all things will appear to you little in comparison with eternal realities. Cotton ORLEANS. - (XP) -December cotton opened Saturday at 8.75 and closed t §.73. Star VOLUME 40—NUMBER 32 WEATHER. Arkama»-#a*r, not so cold in northwest p orlion, Saturday right; Sunday fair, rising temperature HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 19,1938 PRICE 5c COPY COURT GRANT O.K. ft ft ft ft W- W ft -w- ft ft ft •• ft ft ft ft ft • ft. ft Hope Defeats Ho* Springs for 8th Win, 33 to O Captain Parsons Leads Rout Over Big Trojan Team Hope Quarterback Scores Four of Five Bobcat Touchdowns PINE BLUFF IS NEXT Will Close Season With tjhe Zebras on Tbanks- giving Day HOT SPRINGS, Ark.—Sparked by Captain Dean Parsons, who was "hot" from .the opening to the final whistle, the Hope High School football team showed nn amazing amount of power here Friday night in defeating the Hot (Springs Trojans, 33 to 0. It was the eighth victory of the season for Coach Foy Hammons' squad against two defeats. Captain Parsons, playing with a swollen and painful jaw, was the big show of the night. He scored four of Hope's five touchdowns. Eason scored the* other. Jimmy Taylor made good on three of five attempts in kicking extra points after touchdown. Use Ground Attack The Bobcats scored in every quarter the first marker coming about the middle of the opening period when Bartering of Goods Makes Nazi Germany Formidable Trade Foe in South America Prefer U.S. Goods. "~ But Take German, Due to Bartering l Germany Won't Buy From Any Country She Doesn't Sell Equally SALESMEN POUR IN German and Italian Drummers Cover South American Cities Ciipl. Dean Pnrsons Fulkerson look a long pass to place the ball on the 12-yard line. Parsons cracked the line on two attempts and went across. In the second quarter, Hope got possession about midfield and using a hard running attack, marched straight down the field to score. Parsons carried the ball evrey time except once during the march. The half ended with Hope leading, 13 to 0. Parsons turned the third quarter into a rout when he scored two more touchdowns with power plays on sustained marches through the Trojan team, a squad that weighed as much if not more than the Bobcats. In the fourth period, with the ball on the four-yard line. Eason went off tackle for the score. Line Plays Well Conch Hammons showed the big crowd a fast charging line that repulsed the Trojan offense time after time. The only serious scoring throat by the Trojans was in the second quarter when they advanced the ball to the 17-yard line. The statistics showed the Bobcats rolled up 17 first downs to the Trojans' 9. Hot Springs tried 24 passes, completing. 8 for 76 yards and had five intercepted, The Bobcats stuck mainly to a hard- driving attack, going to the air only seven times, completed one and had one intercepted. The Hope squad will close the season next Thursday with a Thanksgiving Day game with the Pine Bluff Zebras at Pine Bluff. Hope's record to date follows: Hope 9, Haynesville, La. 7. Hope 35, Clarksville 6, Hope 19, S'mackover 0. Hope 20, DeQueen 0. Hope 12, Jonesboro 33. Hope 12, Nashville 0. Hope 13, Camden G. Hope 0, Blytheville 24. Hope 38, Prescott 0. Hope 33, Hot Springs 0. Worse and Worse AUSTIN, Texas.— W— Add humiliat- ting experiences: After losing eight straight games this season (10 counting last year) the University of Texas varsity was defeated, 13 to 12, by its own freshman . team in a regulation game here Friday. number of appointments of any President of, UXQ United Slates; they totaled 42,1817''- V-> a. ^;«, ' . Ominous reports of fascist "penetration" in South America . . . the stnte of our trade with the Latin republics . . . these problems worry American business men and • government leaders alike . . . Jolui T. Flynn, distinguished writer on business topics, has painted the ' background of the world trade war now raging to the south of us in a ' series of four articles written for * NEA. The second article follows: ' By JOHN T FLYNN l There can be no doubt that GertnSny, Italy and Japan—particularly Germany—have revealed a new and surprising energy in the pursuit of South American trade. And that American business men have reason to be alarmed. Much is made of the manner in which these nations are seeking and getting trade. They are using barter and clumping. In the recent convention of American exporters in New York, one leader declared that we must make incessant war upon this fascist method of barter. Germany will not buy from any country unless that country will buy at least an equal amount of Gei'man goods. This is, of course, forced by Germany's dwindling gold reserve. She must pay for what she buys abroad in cither goods or gold. She hasn't the gold. Therefore she compels her customers to accept payment in German goods. Thus Krupp and the Rhine Mclall Borsig have sold munitions all over Soutli America and accepted foodstuffs in payment. Other countries, of course, do the same. The Japanese Mitsubi Company offered to sell Brazil 200,000,000 yon of warships to be paid half down in coffee and the other half in cash over a period of years. Japan sold in 932 some warships for a lot of guano. Germany, in order to insure reciprocal buying in Germany, pays for what she buys in South Anxterica with what are called AST I marks. These arc special marks which are permitted to be returned to Germany only in payment of German goods. Therefore when a Brazilian producer sells coffee to Germany, he gets paid in ASTI marks. He cannot spend them for any purpose save to buy goods from Germany. But he can, through his bunk, dispose of them to a Brazilian merchant who wishes to buy in Germany. However, to make such a system work, it is necessary that some central government or financial agency in each country manage the details of groups of buying and selling transac-1 lions in each country Perhaps countries operated under a dictatorship which supervises and controls industry with an iron hand can do this sort of job better than a democratic country. But this may not be necessarily so. In this country we have a law, called the Webb-Pomerene Act, tinder which copper producers are allowed to act together as a unit in their foreign sales Such an organized group can do this sort of thing. It has added greatly to German trade. Thus Chile wanted to buy 65 airplanes: American planes wore recommended by the army authorities as better. But Chile bought them in Germany and Italy because she had a lot of blocked iixarks in the country. Fo rlhe same reason the state railways bought $3,000,000 of railroad equipment and Junkers for the air transport service although American equipment was known to be preferable. As a result, German and Italian goods are appearing in the stores Gorman radios, refrigerators, electrical goods, house furnishings are found in the shop window. Most of the countries swarm with German salesmen (Continued on Page Three? ;:r^^^^sfci^ 35.9% 20.4% Percentage of South American Trade 'Held By Four Powers In 1929 and 1936 14% IE*- 8.8% '29 '3G '29. '36 13.7% Germany Britain 2.2% 5 "361 •Japan 1 . ABOVE: Cotton barges approaching the American , liner Santa Lucia off Peru. LEFT: The growth of German trade in South America and the decrease in U. S. trade wifli South America aro made strikingly vent on this chart. FOOTBALL SCORES' College Ouachita 19. Henderson 6, Hondrix 6, Union University (Jackson, Tenn.) 0. L. S. U. Northeast Center (Monroe, La.) 19, Arkansas A. & M. 0. High School North Little Rock 25, Clarksville 0. Little Rock Catholic High 8, Paragould 6. Sheridan 102, Princeton 0. Blytheville 19, Walnut Ridge 7. Monticcllu j5, Crossett 7. Russellville 32, Waldron 13. Brinkley 13, Carlisle 6. Piggott 72, Dyess 7. Subiaco 12, Van Burcn 7. Harrison 12, Bentonville 0. Charleston 19. Ozark 0. Mena G, Greenwood 0. Elaine 12, West Helena 6. Magnolia 6, Stephens G (tie). Fort Smith 48, Fayetteville 7. Prescott 7, De Queen 7 (tie). Fordyce 13, El Dorado 12. Hope 33, Hot Springs 0. Batesville 25, Pans 7. Majyera 52, Norphjiet 9, -,, Additional Funds of Red Cross Drive New Tabulation Saturday Brings Total to Date to $335.65 Additional Red Cross membership funds Saturday sent the- total to $335.65. Most of tlie memberships reported Saturday were from the residential area, however, the business section is still being canvassed. No reports have been received from the rural community chairman where lht> drive also is underway. Previously reported $265.45 Plunkett Jarrell 5.00 \V. B. Mason 1.00 Miss Mamie Perkins 1.00 George Green 1.00 A. L. Black 5.UO Mrs. A. L. Black 1.00 Miss Mary Carrigan 1.00 Mrs. Arch Moore 1.00 Mrs. JJ. F. Gorin 1.00 Mrs. T. R. King _... 1.00 Mrs. Rowe 10 Mrs. Cheathgm .......,....,,. 10 (Continued "Ptfffiel, Prescott Wolves TieWithDeQueen Hard-Fought Battle at Prescott Ends in Deadlock, 7-7 PRESCOTT, Ark—Prescott's Curly Wolves, with three squadmen sitting on the bench as the result of a decision handed down by the Arkansas Athletic Association, played the favored De- Queen Leopards to a 7-7 tie here Friday night. The local team outplayed the visitors during the entire game, registering 10 first downs as compared to seven for the Leopards. Prescott attempted five passes, completed two for 25 yards, two were intercepted and one was incomplete. DeQueen tried four, all being incomplete. Prescott scored in the second quar- "lor when Dick Willia'nVson, on a reverse, stepped off 20 yards to cross the DeQueen goal line. Leo Smith whipped a pass to Williamson for the extra point, putting the Wolves out in front 1 to 0. In the late stages of the third quarter, the Leopards got their offense clicking and moved to the Prescott 20-yard line. On and end around play, Grady picked up 20 yards and a touchdown and a few seconds later, Hallmark sent the ball between the goal posts for the extra point deadlocking the count at seven all. Isaac Josh Rodgers Is Buried on Monday Funeral sen-ices for Isaac Josh Rodgers, 64, were held at 3 p. m. Monday from the DeAnn Baptist church, conducted by the Rev. T. L. Epton of Nashville and assisted by the Rev. Hollis Purtle of Hope. Pallbearers: Frank Newberry, Blannie Ellen, Albert Newberry, Lawrence Grant, Dalton Rowe, C. P. Zimmerly. Surviving are his widow, two sons, Garland and Harland, both of Hope; one brother, C. M. Rodgers, three sisters, Mrs. Stella Wicker, Mrs. R. A. Whitten of Hope, and Mrs. R. O. McBride of Prescott. •* • _ Correct glasses do not weaken the eyes in any way; they may prove harmful, however, if worn after examination proves them unnecessary. PWAFundGranted for Construction of New Building Loan of $110,000 and' Grant of $90,000 Is . Announced Here . ' 4-STORY~BUlLDlNGt J Construction Is Expected: to Be Started by x * > > January 1 ' . PWA funds for the construction of the new Hempstead county courthous^ at Hope were ' approved Saturday, Mayor Albert Graves announced- on" receipt of telegrams from Senators Hattie W. Caraway and John E. Mil-,' ler. Senator Caraway's telegram: "Please to advise that PWA has approved Hope courthouse and jail' project for $110,000 loan and ^SO.OOO' grant." Senator John E. Miller's telegram: "Public Works Administration al- Grant Is Approved s WASHINGTON —(£>)— Presidential approval was given Saturday'' to public works (SWA) projects, including Hope, Ark., for a court-1 house—1110,000 loan and a $90,000 grant. V ^<a> lotment has .been< approved for' Hope courthouse and jail—loan S110.000; grant ?90,000." Four-Story Building • Preliminary plans and specifications were filed with the Hempstead county clerk some time ago, calling for a four-story structure to be located on the old Garland school property. The county jail would be housed on the top floor of the new courithouse. Officials pointed out that it will now be necessary to advertise the sale of bonds to raise the county's share of the cost—5110,000. , It will also be necessary to receive bids from construction contractors— as all PWA construction is by contract to the lowest responsible bidder. To Start Construction It is believed that construction will •begin before January 1 and the new building completed in 12 months. Approval of the PWA grant and loan, it is believed, practically ends the campaign started a year ago to move the county seat from Washington to Hope. County electors went to the polls last June and balloted favorably for the removal site. In the general election November 8 voters balloted overwhelmingly f or the courthouse tax— a mandate from the people expressing their desire for a new and modern courthouse build- mg for Hempstead county. A Fatally Injured Prescott Physician Is Struck by Bus at s Memphis MEMPHIS, Tenn.-(/P)_A bus carry, m'g the'Missisippi State football squad to Memphis for a game with Southwestern University killed Dr E E Shell, 67, Prescott (Ark.) physician here Friday night. The accident occured on a section of Madison avenue comprising the city's medical center. Police Lieut. Toll Fowler said his preliminary investigation showed 'no negligence" on the part of the bus driver. Dr. Shell had called at Dr. Willis Campbells clinic just prior to the accident. A native of Prescott, Dr. Shell was a graduate of the University pf Tennessee Medical School. Surviving are his widow, two daughters, Mrs. Roy Duke and Mrs. P. M. Blakeley of Prescott; a son, W. B. Shell, Texarkana, Ark.; a sister, Miss Lome Shell of Prescott, and a brother, Thomas Shell, Rosstoii, Arkansas. •»•>"» « BIRDIE SYKES Birdie Sykes, negro woman of Tulsa, Okla., and sister of J. A. Harris of the negro Yerger High School, died Tuesday in Tulsa. The body is being brought to Hope for a short funeral service at 2 p. m,, Sunday from Harris' home, conducted by the Rev. Geo. Young, Methodist Ytvinister. She was born and reared in Hope. More than 2,000,000,000 pounds of coffee are consumed annually throughout the world.
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