Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on November 16, 1938 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, November 16, 1938
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Railroad Strike Is Averted by the Power of Public Opinion Kan vvay uabor Act of 1926 Applies Pressure of Public Opinion Before Railway Tieup Actually Occurs By MORGAN M. BEATTY AP Feature Service Writer WASHINGTON—It you would understand the power of public opinion in the United States, have a look at this year's railroad strike that has not happened, The reason it lias not happened is c . n Annual Red Cross Campaign Begins Here Wednesday Drive Opens in Residential Section—$51 Is Reported TO CANVASS CITY Solicitation in Business Section to Open Thursday Morning The annual Hcmpstead County Red Cross Roll Call drive was launched in the residential sections of Hope Wcd- Othat public opinion Is against it. In topping the threatened strike, public opinion aj,so has stopped a threatened wage cut. Public opinion means you, and you, and ;you. ' This peaceful slate of affairs has )ccn the rule in the railroad industry ever since congress passed the little mdcrslood .Railway Labor Act of .920. * The War Of Public Opinion That law is so constructed that the American public is the final judge nd jury in every labor dispute threatening to interrupt the services of the railroads. This year's strike that hasn't lappcned is a perfect example of how the public does it work. Here's how the act works in general: It makes it a criminal offense to interfere with tho organization of employes into unions, or brotherhoods. That assures representation before the bar of public opinion lor ncsday First tabulation from Ward One where committees are canvassing under the direction of Mrs. J. C. Carlton and Mrs. Finlcy Ward, and from the Hope city hall, where Miss Annie Jean Walker i.s chairman, showed a total of 51 memberships. The drive in the business section of Hope will get underway Thursday morning. All business firms arc urged to join 100 per cent. Every firm which joins 100 per cent will be given a "hundred per cent window sticker" to display to the general public. Rural ctfmtnunity chairmen recently enlisted arc: Mrs. Harold Higgason, Rocky Mound. Harry Phillips, Shovor Springs. Mrs. Clarence Gilbert, Cross Roads. Hugh Brislow and Mrs. C. E. Boycc, Guernsey. Robert Turner and Hugh Garner Spring Hill. Special mention is made of Mr. Stewart who has handled the Red Crosr Roll Call drive many years at Columbus. The people of outlying town and rural communities are especially urged to co-operate with their community captain in an attempt to pu over'each section of the community 100 per cent. ; Daily reports o£ memberships wil be made and announced publicly. One dollar entitles n person to 'membership iri,tho Red Cross. Half of the one dollar poos to .iHlionnl hendquavt';ra.. th< other half remains at home for Rec Cross work in Hcmpstead county. Only 50 cents of each membership goes to the national headquarters. Foi instance if a person contributes $5 fo a membership, 50 cents will be sent to national headquarters, the $4.50 re maining at home for work locally. Here is the tabulation from Ward One and from Hope city hall, compiled about 10:30 a m. Wednesday: Miss Annie Allen ? 1.00 Mrs. W. M. Cantlcy 1.00 Mrs. J. C. Butler 1.00 Mrs. E. S. Greening 1.00 Mrs. G. A. Norwood 1.00 Mrs. C. R. Hamilton 1.00 Mrs. Henry Watkins 1.00 Mrs. Cecil Weaver 1.00 Mrs. Leo Robins -... 1.00 Mrs. Wayne Fletcher 1.00 Mrs. B. L. Welborn 1.00 Mrs. John Wilson 1.00 Mrs. A. M. Duffle 1.00 Mrs. Claude Agee 1.00 Mrs. W. C. Brown 1.00 Mrs. J. R. Gates 1.00 Mrs. L. M. Lile 1.00 Mrs. Dick Watkins 1.00 Star WEATHER. Arkansas — Partly cloudy Wednesday niyht and Thursday; c ooler Thursday in the west, and in the central portion Wednesday night. VOLUME 40—NUMBER 29 HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 16,1938 PRICE 6c COPY Mrs. Glenn Williams 1.00 J. A. Miller 1.00 Mrs. Carter Johnson 1.00 D. H. Lipscomb 1.00 Mrs. L. A. Foster -1.00 Mrs. J. C. Cat-Item I. 1 J. B. Kooncc 1-00 Frank Hcarnc C. W. Tarpley 1.00 B. & B. Grocery J. F. McDowell 1.00 O. L. Wyatt 1.00 Leon Bundy Mrs. C. A. Bridewell 1.00 700 Service 'Station 1.00 Archer Motor Co l.Ot Donald Moore 1.0' Dad's Place n. M. Patterson l.Of employes, and management. Every dispute goes through n painstaking series of conferences or htar- ings, or both, lasting 90 days or longer, before either the employes or the railroads can tie up the nation's basic transportation systems. At first .glance, this rigomarolc may seem a bit on the balmy side, but it's been found a practical way to give John Citizen every shred of available evidence in a railroad labor dispute. Kor all these conferences and hearings mean newspaper headlines and create discussion. John Citizen soon gete to know what's going on. And tiie idea back of the law was that if the public knew all the facts, it would decide the winner of a strike or lockout—and that therefore each side won't be very sure of public opinion before lying up transportation. Began Sim Months Ago Here's what happened this year: On May 12,—some six months ago—• the railroads announced their intention to cut wages 15 per cent on July 1. The workers objected. Then the National Mediation Board came into the picture. That meant more conferences. When they failed to produce a settlement, the mediation board suggested arbitration. The workers balked. On August 31 the board notified the President that its services had been finally rejected. Under the law, that froze the dispute right where it was for 30 days. Nearly four months had already passed without a wage cut or strike, «nd nnother month of peace was assured. Then the President, acting under the law, appointed an emergency board to invesligatt further. The emergency board conferred with both sides and held hearings at which both sides had their say in public. On October 29, the emergency board •eported to the President that it found 10 ground for a wage cut. Again, utomalically, the law provides anther 30 days, ending on Novembtr 28, during which final period no strike or wage cut can mar the smooth performance of railroad service. Everyone Speaks His Mind Meanwhile, the public has been and is being bombarded with the facts or opinions of any group with a mind to speak up. This has been going on for six months. If any large section of the public had suspected skullduggery, the country woul clnow be facing the worst transportation emergency in liistory, for 1,000,000 men are involved in this dispute. It's Worked So Far The railway labor law has been forged thruogh 40 years of trial and error by railway management and men. It was jointly proposed to congress by the roads and the workess themselves. Fsom the stast, it worked like a charm on evesy kind of railway labor dispute, save one—the kind hinging on trie unionization of railway qmployes. Yerger Gets Ready for Pine Bluff; 'B' Team Wins, 32-12 Hope S e c o n d-Stringers Rout Blevins Squad Tuesday Night HOPE AT HOT SPRINGS DIVIDE NAZIS Tom Mooney, 21 Years in Prison, May See Freedom Under New California Governor His Long Career First Team Prepares foi Conference Battle With the Trojans The Ycrgcr negro high school football, team, unbeaten and untied, prepared Wednesday for its toughest as signmcnt of the season—stopping thi PLnc Bluff Lions at Hammons stadium Thursday night at 7:30 o'clock. The Hope High School second-string crs Tuesday night defeated Blevins 32 to 12, and Wednesday afternoon traveled to Prcscolt where they wcr< to meet the Prcscott reserves. Meanwhile the first team preparei for its conference battle Friday nigh with the Hot Springs Trojans at Ho Springs. The team i.s expected to b in good condition for the Hot Spring game. Foster Stars for Blevins The game here Tuesday night be tween the "B" team and Blevins wa played before a small crowd. Blevins took the opening kickoff and marched for a touchdown. Hope soon lied the score and then forged ahead as the game progressed. Blevins scored in the opening and final quarters. Hope scored two touchdowns in the first quarter, one in the second and two in the fourth period, the last touchdown coming at the end of the game. Blevins showed a plucky team that never gave «*up, , despite the odds, Foster, a 15-year-old youngster playing his first year of football, was outstanding for Blevins. The game Tuesday night evened a two-game series between the "B" team and Blevins, the latter team having won over Hope abotu a month ago. The .Negro Game The Yerger-Pine Bluff negro game here Thursday night will be the first time in history for a negro .game in Hope under the lights. The east side of the field will be occupied by negrr.es with the west side reserved for white fans. Separate entrance gates will be in use Thursday night. The admission will be 15 and 35 cents. The Ycrgre team has never defeated the Pine Bluff squad considered one of the strongest negro football teams in tho state. A victor yfor the Yerger team will give it a strong claim for state championship honors. as a "Cause" Is Approaching End Five Successive Governors Refused to Pardon 1917 Prisoner A PARADE BOMBING Mooney Convicted of Killings in 1916 Preparedness Parade Byers Curb Market 1.00 So, in 1934, before the now famoos Wagner act was passed, the Railway Act of 1920 was amenned to afford protection for bargaining railway em- ployes, just as the Wagner act affords protection for employes in all other interstate industries. Not only does the law assure collective bargaining and elections for workers representatives, under supervision of the mediation board, but anybody who interiors with the process Ls risking 51,000 to $20,000 fine and at least six months in jail. Max Cox 1.00 City Hall Report Wayne H. England 1.00 Annie Jean Walker 1.00 R. P. Bowcn 1-00 Helen Bowclen Charles F. Reynerson T. R. Billingsley Oliver Adams Melva Bullington Louise Hanegan Sweeney Copcland .. C. A. Shipp 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 B. E. McMahcn 1.00 Auxiliary to Sponsor Sale of Citrus Fruit The Hope Band Auxiliary announced Wednesday that it would sponsor the sale of citrus fruits for Christmas use. The organization is now taking orders for delivery. The citrus fruit includes oranges, grape-fruit, tangerines and kumquats which comes in Mexican hand-doven picnic baskets. Orders can be handled in three sizes, one-fourth bushel, one-half bushel or Total ............................ .................... ?51.00 one Bushel allotments. Persons interested may telephone Mrs. Fred Luck or the Express office to place theii orders. Samples of the baskets are on display in several downtown store's. • Some of the following statements are true, and some false. Which are which'.' 1. Kangaroos weigh as much as 200 pounds. 2. The speaker of the House of Representatives is elected for a six-year term. 3. Zachary Taylor, President of the United States, never voted. 4. Fish won't bite if the wind is from the south. 5. Hamlet said "There is something rotten in Denmark." ou Page Two CIO Constitution Is Adopted Wednesday PITTSBURGH, Pa—(/P)—The CIO conversion quickly completed Wednesday the adoption of a constitution establishing the union as a congress of industrial organizations, giving broad powers to the leadership after John L. Lewis had warned against attempts to delay action. In the last two and a half years, nearly one hundred and twenty million dollars' worth of munitions, mostly aircraft, have been sent abroad American manufacturers. by Cotton Ginnings 17,054 Bales; 26,338 Year Ago Cotton ginning in Hcmpstead county from the current crop totaled 17,054 bales prior to November 1, compared with 2G,338 bales to the same date a year ago, according to W. H. Etler, federal reporter for the Department of Commerce. A bimber said to be more than twice the size of the huge Flying Fortress is being designed by theh U.S. Air Corps, it is reported. It will weigh more than 75 tons. MIND Your MANNERS T. M. Reg. U.-S. Pet. OS. Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then check against the authoritative answers below: 1. Should a widow be called "Mrs. Mary Smith?" 2. Is it customary for women relatives to kiss the groom'.' 3. Is it good taste to give a parly to celebrate a divorce? 4. When should a bride write thank - you notes for wedding gifts? 5. May the groom help by writing the thank-you notes that go to bis friends? What would you do if— You are planning to marry a man as soon as his divorce decree becomes final— (a) Wear his engagement ring? (b) Tell your friends? (c) Don't consider yourself engaged until the decree is final? Answers 1. No. "Mrs. John Smith." 2. Yes. 3. No. 4. If possible, on the day they arrive. 5. No. the bride must write them all. Best "What Would You Do" so- lution—(c). (Copyright 1938, NBA Service, Inc.) By SIFERMAN MONTROSE NEA Service Staff Correspondent SAN FRANCISCO—Election of Culbert Olson as governor brings pardon in sight for Tom Moonel after 21 years in prison. At least Mooney thinks so, for he issued an elaborate pamphlet during the campaign urging Olson's election on the .ground he was pledged to free Mooney. Olson himself did not discuss the case during the campaign, but his views are implied by the fact he made a two-hour speech in the legislature in 1937 urging a legislative pardon for Mooney as an innocent man. Five successive California governors (Stephens, Richardson, Young, Rolph and Merriam) have refused to pardon Mooney. Olson is the first to occupy the governor's chair since Mooney's conviction in 1917_ on charges of bomb- ing'a Preparedness Parade the year previous who apparently believes him innocent and is pledged (at least indirectly) to pardon him. Crime Inflames City Much water has gone over the dam in a ceaseless flow ever since 1917 in the Mooney case. Mooney is, and perhaps he always was, more than simply a citizen charged with a dastardly crime. Twenty years of ceaseless agitation have made him a Symbol, a Cause. The undisputed facts about the Mooney case are few and simple. In July of 1916, San Francisco staged a huge Preparedness Parade. The community was filled with patriotic and war spirit. It also had been bedeviled by violent labor trouble. As the parade was passing Market and Steuart streets at 2:06 p. m., July 22, a, time bomb exploded. It had been left in a suitcase on the sidewalk" in front of a saloon. Ten people died, and nearly 50 others were horribly wounded and mangled. City police and Pinkerton detectives immediately sought Tom Mooney a mokler, an International Workers of the World radical, an avowed 'direct ictionist," an editorial associate with marchists in a publication called "The Blast," an anti-war agitator previously suspected of dynamiting in connection with a power strike. He was arrested, and with him his wife Rena, Warren K. Billings, Edward Nolan, and Israel Weinberg. Billings was an associate and a convicted dynamiter. Nolan was an officer of the machinists' union. Weinberg was a taxi driver. All were charged with-murder. Billings was tried firsthand sentenced to Folsom Prison for life. Mrs. Mooney and Weinberg were acquitted, Nolan was released without trial. Photos Defense Mooney went on trial in January, 1917. John McDonald, a shabby transient and waiter, who had testified against Billings, also testified against Mooney, but there were bad discrepancies between his testimony in Hie two trials. Frank Oxman, an Oregon cattleman, also testified he saw Mooney and Billings at the scene of the explosion. Chief point in the Mooney defense was a series of amateur snapshots taken ifrom the roof of a building more than a mile from the scene of the explosion. They showed Mooney and Mrs. Mooney watching the parade from the roof, while far down in the street a clock was visible in the picture. Mooney defenders claimed enlargements showed tile time by the clock to be as late as 2:04, making it impossible for Mooney to have left the infernal machine at the scene. The prosecution charged the photos were retouched to show the time. The witnesses who claimed to have seen Mooney on the spot carried the most weight. He was convicted, sentenced to bang, and for 19 months he sat in the shadow of the gallows. Then Oxman's testimony was thoroughly discredited by a new revelation that he had tried to get a friend to come and give false testimony in the case. He was later tried for perjury, acquitted, and is now dead. Testimony of Sadie Edeau mid her daughter that they saw Moonej on the scene was completed discredited Goering, Chief of Army, to Execute Any Jew Raiders Field Marshal Takes Sudden Issue With Other Nazi Leaders PROTEST BY U. S. A. America Makes Formal Complaint Against Jewish; Property Damage , VIENNA, Austria—{£>)—Joseph Bue'rc- kel, Nazi commissioner for Austria, announced Wednesday that Field MarV shal Hermann Wilhelm Goering had authorized him to say that the person "who makes the next attempt* tci smash property or to pillage must count on being put against the walL* \ Buerckel made this threat of shoot> ing in reference to anti-Jewish attacks in an address to Sheyr factory workers. I ' Tom Mooney at the lime of his trial, a stocky, rough, trade unionist of the radical and "direct action" school. Suspicion immediately fastened on him because of his record/ 'Aimost 20 years had passed when (his photo was made at habeas corpus hearings in San Francisco. Mooney. grown heavier and grayer, walked in front of Charles M. Fickert. the district attorney who secured his conviction and relentlessly opposed his release Mooney at left. Fickert the slender man glancing sidelong at him from the front row as he passes. O ! x On the amateur snapshot reproduced above hung Tom Mooney's hope of acquittal on the charge of bombing the San Francisco Preparedness Parade, July 22, 1916. Mooney's defenders say the picture shows -Mooney and his wife watching the parade from a building roof, at right, while a clock in the street registered a time making it impossible for Mooney to have placed the bomb. .•, . v»V (Continued on Page Three) Permission Given for Xrnas Lights Kiwanis Club Sponsors Movement for Lighting Business Area The city council Tuesday nirfil granted the Hope Kiwanis club permission to string Christmas lights across the streets in the business area, and also granted free electricity for the lights from Thanksgiving to New U:S. aniEngland, Sign Trade Pact New Agreement With Empire, and Canadian Pact Is Renewed Workmen are expected to begin installation within the next few days. Other business with the council was to authorize extension of the city's rural electric line from Highway 67 to the home of Mrs. Koonce on the Experiment Station road. Mrs. Koonce appeared before the council and reported that three families would use electric current on the line. Alderman Carter Johnson, chairman of the water and light committee, told the council of a proposal by the Southwestern Bell Telephone company for a working agreement for use of poles for both rural electricity and rural tlephone.'i—with the poles being used for both purposes. No agreement has been worked out. The water and light committee (Continued on Page Three) A Thought God has two dwellings: one in heaven and the other in a meek and thankful heart.—Izaak Walton. Bribery Charged to State Official New York Motor Commissioner Accused of $67,000 Graft NEW YORK-WV-Charles A. Har- netl, slate commissioner of motor vehicles, was arrested in the district attorney's office Wednesday on charges of bribery and extortion. The district attorney's office said Harnott was alleged to have accepted $117,000 in bribes during 1934-38 frim the Purmclee Transportation company and three of its subsidiaries. Dies Reluctant to Probe the Senate Doubts Propriety of One Committee Investigating Another WASHINGTON — «=) — Chairman Die.<, Texas Democrat, announced Wednesday that the house committee investigating un-American activities would defer consideration of a ro- queM that it inquire into the origin of tho .-•i.'n.Mte civil liberties committee. Dies raid the three members of his cimiiiiiiiee now in Washington ques- tiomd the propriety of one committee uf tho congress investigating another committee, and said he would not take final action until the full committee could meet. ment of State announced Wednesday WASHINGTON —(£•)— The Department of State announced Wednesday that trade agreements with Great Britain and Canada would be signed at the White House at 4 o'clock Thursday afternoon. The agreement with the United Kingdom was completed after six months of negotiation between the British delegation and U. S. experts. The Canadian agreement is an enlargement of the existing agreement expiring December 1. Anglo-Italian Pact ROME, Italy-(/PJ—A formal declaration and new credentials for Great Britain's ambassador Wednesday brought into effect last Easter's broad Anglo-Italian pact which, among other things, recognizes Italy's conquest of Ethiopia. The Earl of Perth, the British ambassador, and Foreign Minister Count Galeazzo Ciano signed the brief document which said the accord was "entered into with vigor today" Earlier, Lord Perth brcsented to Uano new credentials accrediting him o King Victor Emanuel as King of Italy and Emperor of Ethiopia. •••-«•• New Schedule for Recreation Park Supervision to Continue on Duty at Fail- Park Here The Hope Recreation Center at Fair lark is open to the public from tlu-ee 0 clock until 10 o'clock p. m . on Mondays, Tuesday and Thursday; and from 1 o cock until 6 o'clock p. m. on Wednesdays, Friday and Saturday. There's recreation and dversion for everyone. Ping pong, checkers, domi- nose, Chinese checkers, all card games lotto, bingo, basketball, croquet, slides, sec-saws, swings, and sand piles for the very young children. Parents are urged to bring the children out. There is a wealth of amusement and entertainment to be found at the Fair park. Supervisors are on duty during the above hours, whose duty is solely to take care of young children, to supervise play of the older children and to help' in any way possible with the adults. The public is welcome and is urged t ocome out and enjoy a few hours of amusement and fun. Parties and picnics at the Fair Park are welcome. Any kind of good, clean, wholesome fun is found at the recreation center. 'Suggestions for all types of outdoor, Thanksgiving, Christmas and New ears parties and picnics may be hac by calling at the Recreation office Elk's building. By the Associated Press 1 Jews hi Germany feared further anti- Semitic outbursts Wednesday while' Jiat issue, and Germany's colonial demands, occupied the statemen of four other countries. Premier Daladier of France, Colo^ nial Secretary Malcolm! MacDonald of Great Britain, and General Jan Christian Smuts, commander of the Union of South Africa's World war forces, all declared against giving back Germany's war-lost colonies. The United "States embassy in Berlin sent a note to the German foreign office protesting last weeks destruc"- tion of American Jews' property. The United .States government rej iserved;the;right:td take •further-action? in the matter. , , ' > '• A bitter Nazi newspaper attack, made „. f on what it termed America's conces- '" sions to Jewry, followed ..President Roosevelt's statement on the situation. No Colony Concession PARIS, France,—{#•)—Premier Dala- dier of France declared Wednesday his government would cede no colonies to Germany, and that it wquld protect the colonial integrity of France as established after the World war. . No such measure as a cession of colonial territories has ever been considered, said the premier hi a press statement. "vl 31 WASHINGTON — (IP) — President Roosevelt denunced the German dictatorship's treatment of the Jews Toes- day as almost beyond belief, and tjien pictured a vast two-countinent defense system a united front against aggression from abroad. His remarks on the Jews, given out at a press conference, were as folows: "The news of the past few days from iermany has deeply shocked public opinion in the United States. Such, lews from any part of the world would nevitably produce a similar profound reaction among American people in every part of the nation. "I myself could scarcely believe that such things could occur in a Twen- :ielh century civilization. "With a view to gaining a first-hand picture of the situation in Germany, [ asked the secretary of state to order our ambassador hi Berlin to return at once for report and consultation." Thus Mr. Roosevelt disclosed that ic was back of Monday's order call- ng Ambassador Hugh R. Wlison home. Mr. Roosevelt said he could not disclose how long the ambassador would stay here. Direct Quotation In commenting on German anti- Semitism, the president adopted the rare procedure of permitting direct quotation of a statement which offic-r s characterized as highly important Because a comment from the head of a nation on internal developments in another nation is an extraordinary occurence. Ambassador Wilson will arrive in S'ew York Thursday, November 24, one day before Hull sails from New York 'or the conference at Lima. Wilson will therefore have a chance to make his first report to Hull. President Roosevelt said no protest was being made yet to Berlin against the persecution of the Jews. Asked whether his use of the word yet indicated a protest at some future date lie said he could not comment further. At the State Department it was said the only protest possibly contemplated at this time would be one based ou reported damage to American Jews' property in Germany, on which there (Continued on Page Three) Cotton NEW ORLEANS —(flV- December cotton opened Wednesday at 8.71 and closed at 8.70. Spot cotton closed steady and unchanged, middling 8.81,

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