Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on November 8, 1938 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, November 8, 1938
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King George Is to Pay State Visit to America Next Spring To Be First Visit of IJeigning British Monarch in History of the United States LONDON, Eng — (/?)— King George the Sixth told parlinmcnt Tuesday that he hnd "been linppy to accept" as mi "expression" of Anglo-American good feeling President Hooscvclts invitation to visit the United States during his roynl Cnnndinn tour next spring. The announcement was made by the . __ ©gorgeously apparelled monarch from H I* Mil 1 f lllc lllmn c in the House of Lords in an . M. Thackerev, of v 7 A. F. of L, Speaks at Union Meeting State AFL Secretary Outlines History of Organized Labor CIO STOPPED HERE _-. ~/~«T/-» DORan so i Man Denounces CIO shooting. as Communistic—Had Sought Entry Here address at the fourth session of the current parliament—the second of his reign. Na/.ls Strike Jews BERLIN, Germany—(/Pj—Count Wolf von Helldorf, chief of Berlin police, announced Tuesday he was "disarming" Berlin's Jews, and that ho hnd .seized quantities of arms and ammunition in the last few weeks. The announcement was made while the Nazis were taking reprisals against Jews for the shooting of the German fnvbassy secretary in Paris by a young Polish Juw, hut the roundup of arms began some time before the Paris II. M. Thai-kery, staff member of the A. F. of L. and secretary-treasurer of the Arkansas Federation of Labor, nnd Frank Kiger, international vice-president of the United Brick & Clay Workers of America, were the principal speakers at a mass labor meeting held Monday night at Hope city hall. Attendance was held down, clue to unfavorable weather. Willinm Hutchens of Hope, acted as chairman of the meeting. Willard Anderson, representing local G9Q of the United Brick & Clay Workers union of Mope, gave a brief summary of the work here .since the local was formed. Anderson touched upon the importance of organized labor and the pro- lection afforded by the NLHB, and the benefits of collective bargaining. Ray Allen of Hope gave a short review of his experience in the moving picture machine operator's organization and how it had been beneficial both to the operators and the employers. This organization lias grown from 72,000 to 108,000 members in the past 15 yours. Mr. Allen said. The Saenger and Uialto theaters of Hope are employers of union operators, Mr, Allen said. Brick Union Officer Frank Kigcr, international vice- president of the United Brick & Clay Workers of America and general or- gani/.cr, covered the progress of that organization in the North and South. Mr. Kiger gave comparisons of wages in various Northern clay industries with those in Southern plants. Today organized labor has 10,000,000 members in the United States, the speaker declared. Mr. Kiger told of brick and eluy "iiioiisu'icJf^itfUitf *>urte"<jf T which he said wore now paying as low as 8 cents per hour and selling their products tit the same price us organized plants in the North which he said were paying 81 to 9fi cents per hour. Gigcr paid a tribute to President Roosevelt for selling up the imichincry ] to enable the working masses of poo-l pie to secure a higher standard of living through organization. The principal address was made by H. M. Thackery, staff member of the A. F. of L. and secretary-treasurer of the Arkansas Federation of Labor. He covered the history and background of organized labor. He said the .signers of the Declaration of Independence were given the use of the Carpenters and Joiners hull in Philadelphia, and there, in a labor union hall, the Declaration of Independence was .signed. The first free school for the children of the working class of people was held in a labor hall, Mr. Thackery said. He declared: Outlaw Child Labor "In the cotton milling industries, when the child labor law Was passed prohibiting the use of. children under ',) in industry, years ago the employers called in exports to determine what they should do to remain in operation if this child labor was taken from them. "The experts advised getting adults with the mind of '.1-year-old children- hut today those industries are in' operation under organized labor and arc paying livable, wages." 'Wherever there has been a labor contract in effect for a period of one year they have never failed to secure a second contract," the speaker said. He urged the employes to keep u record of their hours worked in any one week and to assist Administrator Andrews as much as possible in seeing that all plants engaged in interstate commerce comply. Mr. Thackery denounced the operation of the C. I. O. as communistic. He- slated Ihe principles of collective bargaining in securing the conditions desired by the A. F. of L. without resorting to drastic action. Mr. T'huckcry, in concluding his address, complimented W. H. Hulchens and Willard Anderson, local labor officials, for blocking an attempt of C. I. O. representatives to get a foothold in tliis community. New Jap "Xmic" TOKYO, Japan. —(/I 1 )— Japan Tuesday marked out a now "zone of hostilities" extending 700 miles into the interior of China beyond the present war areas, and warned foreign powers to keep their airplane sand citizens out of the zone lest "unfortunate incidents" occur. '. ' *< Hope Star VOLUME 40—NUMBER 22 WEATHER. Arkansas—Fair, not quite so cold, light t o heavy frost Tuesday nights; Wednesday fair and warmer. HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 8,1938 PRICE 6c COPY 530 VOTES Cotton Estimate Reduced Slightly Tuesday's Report 12,137,000, Against 12,212,00 Month Ago WASHINTON. - (IP) - Tlie Department of Agriculture Tuesday forecast cotton production this year at 12,137,000 bales of 500 pounds gross weight. A month ago 12,212,000 bales was indicated. Production last year was 18,9'1G,000 bales—n record crop—the average production for the 10-year period 1927-30 being 13,201,000 bales. The Bureau of the Census reported 10,124,708 running bales, counting round as half bales, o fthis year's growth had been ginned prior to November 1, compared with 13,1GO,423 bales a year ago, and 9,882,530 bales two years ago. Indicated production this year is 219.7 pounds to the acre, compared with 2GG.9 pounds last year, and 1789.8 pounds for the 10-year average. Arkansas had an indicated yield of 2G9 pounds per acre, and production of 1,370.000 bales. Ginnings up to November 1 for Arkansas were 1,205,347 bales, as compar- Committee Named for Seal Campaign Community Chairmen Are Appointed by James H. Pilkinton The local committee for the 1938 Christmas Seal campaign, lo open Thanksgiving Day, was announced Tuesday by James H. Pilkinton, Hemp- £tcad county general chairman. Members are as follows: Hope, Mrs. L. W. Young. Washington, Van Hayes. Patmos, Mrs. Elma Brown. Spring Hill, Dud Huckabee. Blcvins, Miss Ethel Bruce. McCiiskill, Mrs. Clifton Harris. Columbus, Miss Agatha Billiard. Saratoga, Mr. Peoples. Fujton, Mr. Leblong. Many workers in the Christmas Seal campaign give volunteer service, generously contributing lime and effort to the fight against tuberculosis. Receipts of the Christmas Seals support the local, state and nationwide campaign against tuberculosis. Concrete evidence of the effectiveness of this campaign is the fact that in thirty years the death rate from tuberculosis has been decreased two-thirds the Christmas Seal Committee points out. 1939 Budget Fixed by County Quorum Court at $27,525 County to Finish This Year Within Its Revenue, Says Rider TURN DOWN BOWEN Request for $500 for Premiums for County Fair Voted Down The annual session of Hcmpslead county quorum court, meeting at Hope city hall, adjourned shortly after 3 p. m. Monday after fixing the 1939 operating budget at $27,525. This figure is ?118 over the 1938 budget The court slashed the budget for operating of the county and J. P. courts from $500 to $300 apiece. Other appropriations were in line with the 1938 budget. The court turned down a request of R. P. Bowen, secretary of the Hope chamber of commerce, for $500 to Ix; used at nexl year's counly fair for premiums lo be awarded winners ol livestock and agricultural exhibits Mr. Bowen spoke before the court Monday morning. County Judge Frank Rider, presiding over the court, expressed the belief that the counly would finish hlc current year within its annual revenue. He said the total revenue was about $31,000. Tlie operating expenditures to dale show $28,797.36. Tlie budget for 1939 follows: County Court ; $ 300 J. P. Courts 300 Circuit Court 6,000 Jail expense 2,500 Tax books 1,500 Records and stationery 1,800 dWfuper-fimd ..:?....'.:...;..-::.^:;..-.;;»...^.:-.;' - • 400 Miscellaneous 2,400 Courthouse an.d jail 800 Officers' salaries 7,000 Tuberculosis Sanatorium 250 County Physician GOO Ark. Children's Homo 150 Counly nurse 200 County agent 200 County Demonstration agent 200 Negro demonstration agent 200 Municipal court 1,000 Utilities 400 Child Welfare Unit .......' 500 Centennial Commission New i York Worlds Fair 25 Total $27,525 Britain Building Giant Airships LONDON.— (fPj —Imperial Airways new "Ensign" or "E" class 40 sealer air-liner was Iried out over London recently. A high wing monoplane with four Armslrond-Siddcley engines providing 3,400 H.P. and a lop speed of 200 M.P.H., il is 114 feet long and weighs ZWi Ions. The machine is Iho first of 14 to be built for the rm'perial Airways Continental and Empire routes. Wet Paving Looks Like Water, and Geese Crash MOLINE, lll.-(/P)—Sixty Canadian geese made a blind landing at Molino's airport Monday with calamitous results. They apparently mistook the glistening, wet asphalt runways for. a river during Monday's rain and fog and landed in the center of the field. Airport employes set to work nursing many of the honkers crippled by the hard'landing. War to'Make World Safe for Democracy' Produces Dictators There are about 14,00 forms of mammals known lo science today. Christmas Lights for Business Area Hope Kiwanis Club to Again Sponsor Lighting of Streets The Hope Kiwanis club, at its luncheon meeting Tuesday noon al Holel Barlow, voted to again sponsor the Christmas lighting of the streets in downtown Hope. This will be the third consecutive year the club has sponsored this move- Yrient which adds beauty and spirit at Christmas time. It is planned to have the lights installed by Thanksgiving Day. They will remain in use until Now Years. A greater number of lights will be used this season, covering a .greater area in downtown Hope. President Stubbcman appointed the "ollowing Kiwanis members as the ighting committee: Carl Bruncr, Olin Lewis, Reginald Bearden, R. V. Herndon, Cliff Stewart, John P. Cox, Byron Evans, Bert Webb and R. M. Trout. The past two years the cily govern- nont has co-operalod with Ihc Kiwanis club, furnishing the electricity free o! charge and also aiding with installa- on. The principal speaker on Tuesday's program was J. Ched Hall. Speaking on an .Axistice-Oay, subject,-Mr. Hal appealed for world peace. Mr .Hall reviewed events that occur- cd since the World war—and also o recent and present conditions throughout the world. His talk was well received by the club. Indian Wants to Tcacli CINCINNATI, Ohio. — (/P) — Charlie Gordon Hunt, Cherokee Indian, enrolled at the University of Cincinnati to study English so ho could returi to his tribo and write a history of its legends culture. A Thought The hypocrite shows the excellence of virtue by the necessity he thinks himself under of seeming to be virtuous.—Johnson. Some of the following statements are true, and some false. Which arc which? 1. The Romans used a wooden horse to gain entrance lo Troy. 2. Rattlesnakes lay eggs. 3. Banana seeds will not grow. 4. An ulewife is a small bird. 5. Fish can live on the bottom of the sea. AiiiMvrs en I'age Two Production Control Issue Up to the Producers Next Month AH Southern Cotton Farmers Will Vote on Proposed 1939 Program in December The question which farmers of Hempstoad county and throughout the South will decide in the cotlon marketing quota referenduce next month is whether or not any production control measures will be in effect on the 1939 crop, Oliver L. Adams, count yagcnl, points out. He urges that all farmers become familiar with the present market situation so thai Ihey can determine this question for themselves. ®— "Under the program, marketing Red Cross to Put Programs on Air Major Chains Co-operating With National Chapter in Roll Call let It Slide'? Is Stupid Citizen's Road to Fascism Wearied Voters Turn Over Power to "Helpful" Leaders INDIVIDUAL, STATE Democracy Says Man Comes First, Dictator Puts State Foremost This is the second of five articles articles reviewing the historic 20 years since the Armistice. Throughout November a majority o the sponsors of the outstanding radi progra'mS on the three national systems are dedicating one or more programs to the American National Red Cross. Their programs are in full sympathy with the programs of the Red Cross and in co-operation with the National Chapter and they arc doing their utmost to make this 22nd Annual Roll Call a success. In addition lo the regular programs, which are being dedicaled by these sponsors to the Red Cross during the Roll Call period, November 11 to No- 24, the Mulual Broadcasting on Thursday, November 10, program quotas may be applied whenever the supply is 7 per cent above normal, and when two-thirds of the farmers voting in the referendum declare in favor ofthem," the county agent explained. At the present time the normal supply, taking domestic needs and normal exports into consideration, is 18,200.000 bales, while the actual supply is 25.000,000 bales, including the carry-over of 13,700,000 bales and the 1938 crop. It is estimated that without marketing quotas in 1939, the south would plant from 35 tu 3H million acres, with a probable production of 15 million bales. This would be about 3 million bales larger than the 1938 crop, the county agent said. The resulting lower price would probably increase consumption by a million bales, but the carry-over from Ihc 1939 crop would be increased by at least 2 million bales, it is said. It is believed that this large a supply would probably reduce prices for Ihe 1939 crop by one or Iwo cenls. According to the provisions of the program, no cotton loan can be offered if marketing quotas arc not accepted by farmers, and the absence of the support of a Joan would probably force the price down another one or two cents. If marketing quotas are accepted by the farmers, the acreage planted in 1939 will be held to 27 million, with a probable production of 12 million boles. This would reduce the curry- over by about a million bales, cotton loans will be available as further support to the price, and there would be some hope of higher prices. It can be expected that a crop of 15,000,000 bales would mean a price of at least 3 cents less a pound than would a 12,000,000 bale crop, so that the gross income lo be expected from the larger crop would be approximately $450,000,000 as compared to $540,000,000 for the smaller crop. vcmber System 5:45 to G:00 p. m., C. S. T., on a coast- to-coast net work presents a fifteen 'minute dramatic sketch entitled "Storm Warning' which will depict exciting incidents during the New England hurricane of 1938. The Triangle Club of Princeton University is furnishing the cast for this sketch. C. B. S. on Saturday, November 12, 8 to 8:30 p. m. C. S. T., presents Ted Husing, Ben Bernie, Guy Lombardo and his orchestra, Connie Bosbcll and other outstanding stars of radio in a program which will conclude with a five minute talk by Norman H. Davis, National Chairman of the Red Cross. In addition to the two above programs ,arranged by the National Red Cross organization for the opening of Ihe Roll Call, the National Broadcasting System on Sunday, November 13, 2:30 to 3:00 p. m., C. S. T,, on the Red Network will present Dorothy Gish. supported by N. B. C. players and full orchestra, in a sketch entilled, "The Power and The Gory," a dramatization of a Red Cross Nurses experience in the, 1937 floods. Chairman Davis wMl also spcaek at the conclusion of this program. Has Enough Relatives To Start a Town GRACEVILLE, Fia. — M'i —Wiley Williams says he has more than 3.000 living nieces, nephews, great, grcat- great, great-grcat-great nieces and nephews. Wiley, aged Gil, is Ihe youngest son of the Pioneer Andrew Elton Williams, who reared a family of 22 children. Each of the 22 children—save one who was killed by lightning—had families of eight to IS children. An inch of rainfall per acre of land weighs approximately 100 tons. By WILLIS THORNTON NEA Service Staff Correspondent Tlie men in khaki who grounded their rifles at 11 o'clock in the morning of a November day in 1918 knew pretty well what they had been fighting for. They were not schooled and glib of tongue. But they knew. A force of violence and oppression was loose in the world. It must be stopped by force. That was what they were doing, over there in the mud. Woodrow Wilson had said, -as he asked Congress to declare that war: "But the right is more precious than peace, and we shall fight for the things which we have always carried nearest our heartsr-^o,T.«de J mcac:racy . .." Now 20 years have passed, and how fares democracy? Four days before the Armjstice was signed, the brief Russian experiment in democracy was going up the spout. The Provisional Government, in overturning the Czar, had set up an effort at democracy. It would have made the Allied and Associated Powers really a democratic front. But it wobbled irresolutely for a few months and dropped like a rotten plum into the outstretched hands of the Bolsheviks,. Totalitarianism to the Fore Fighting armed invaders, wrestling international strife and want, the Bolshevik government won out in tn the face of adverse predictions. For 20 years it has developed along its own lines. Today opinion differs as to what it has become, but on one thing all agree: it is not Democracy as Americans use the term. Instead, it developed along a line which few before the World war had foreseen, a new idea of government. Germany and Italy were to strike out similarly into the new idea of "totalitarianism." In 1921 Italy seemed to bo responding to the call of Russian Bolshevism for a socialist revolution. The country was rotten with corruption and inefficiency, badly bled by the war. Something had to happen. Russian emissaries tried to lead the Italian revolution down Bolshevik paths. But Benito Mussolini, long an agitator for international socialism and editor fo the radical "Avanti," suddenly turned. Old radical associates say he took money from rich men and French agents. Mussolini always said he was saving Italy from the hands of Alien Bolsheviks. At any rale, he changed. Organizing his Fascist party, he sent it on an armed march to Rome, seized control of the government, and began a rule by his Fascist party. He left the monarchy theoretically intact, but practically a figurehead. A similar thing was happening in Germany, though it took longer. There a republic also rose from the wreckage of the Hohenzollern monarchy. There, as in Russia, the new republic had to fight off uprisings. It suppressed the Communist "Spartacist" rebellion with stern force. It put down monarchist putsches. It struggled on for 15 years amid the deepening ,gloom of chronic depression, money inflation, and internal division. Hitler's Hour Then Adolf Hitler, Austrian war veteran, who had been slowly building his National Socialist party, suddenly got his chance. With the country divided into a dozen discordant parties, his united group while not a majority, was still the largest and best- knit faction. And power passed to him and his Nazis almost without a struggle. That was the end of German democracy, and the beginning of "totalitarianism" there. Portugal and Japan have taken the same road. Democratic republics had no better luck. Poland has practically abandoned popular government in the American sense. The Austrian republic, split by internal dissension, fell ito dictatorial ways ad slid with a sigh ito the hands of Hitler. Czecho- Jeneral Election i Here Developing Primary Strength leferendum Issues Bring Out Polling Strength ' Overstate TEST OF NEW DEAL (Continued on Page Three) DICTATORSHIP Drop Charges on 2 Auto Companies Ford, Chrysler Abandon "Coercive" Auto Finance Practices WASHINGTON — (IP)— The Department of Justice acted formally to drop its anti-trust cases against the Ford and Chrysler motor companies Monday, but said it would prosecute General Motors "vigorously," A consent decree, by which Ford and Chrysler agreed to abandon certain "coercive" automobile financing practice.--, was submitted for approval by federal court at South Bend, Ind. Motors did not propose an "acceptable" program for a consent divree, officials said. The government, charging that all three firms forced dealers to finance car.-; through finance companies affiliated with the automobile manufacturer.-', had obtained indictments against the firms at South Bend. Officials .said that Ford and Chrysler will refrain from threatening cancellation of dealers' franchises in order to yivc competitive advantages lo favored finance companies. Two voluntary restrictions proposed by the de- fendcnts were hailed by the Justice DepaiUnent as a protection to "improvident persons of low income." One deals with methods of collecting money for cars sold. This provision outlaws wage assignments on low(Continued on Page Three? Livestock Show Is Opening Tuesday 40,000 Expected at First Stock Exposition and Rodeo Show LITTLE ROCK.—(/P)—Led by Governor Bailey on horseback, aparade marched through greater Little Rock Tuesday, officially opening Arkansas' Livestock Show. Those on the reviewing stand included T. H, Barton, of El Dorado, head of the livestock show association. Opening: Tuesday LITTLE ROCK—Brisk, drying winds that swept across exhibition grounds and corrals Monday night gave rise to a forecast by officials that 40,000 persons will attend the opening events of the first Arkansas Livestock Show and championship rodeo in North Little Rock Tuesday. Although the gates will open at 8 a. m., the first week ever dedicated to the advancement of livestock in the state will be formally opened at 11 a. m. (Continued on Page Three) Cotton NEW ORLEANS. — (/P) — December cotton poned Tuesday at 8.5S and closed at 8.68 bid, $.69 asked. 'Spot cotton closed steady 10 points higher, middling 8.78. j Democrats Defending?; Huge Majorities in Na- •;' tion-Wide Poll 'f A total of 530 electors had cast bal-2 ots Tuesday in the five Hope voting' irecincts at 2:15 p. m., a survey con-i ducted by The Star at that hour,' howed. . j £' The vote was considered heavy for- a general election. Sunshine and clear,. kies aided materially in bringing vot-. ' ers to the polls. $' The courthouse .question also stim- " ulated voting. The question was pre-' * en ted twice on the ballot, first, "For or against construction," and, second, Tor or against tax." It is necessary to vote favorable on both questions to" the.actio neffective. The polls will remain open until 6 p. m. The vote by wards at 2:15 p. m, showed: Ward One—Arkansas Bank & Trusi: Co., building—189. Ward Two—Frisco depot—105. Ward Three—556 Service Station—78. Ward Four—City Hall—54. County Box 5—Hempstead County umber company—104. ' , Total—530. By the Associated Press Clement weather over much of the country beckoned to voters in near- record throngs Tuesday to register an . "off-year" test of the New Deal's na-" ional standing by electing hundreds of. congressmen, ..and. state, officials, s. Balloting was ; early' andtheavy'fj Pennsylvania, where citizens chose a senator and governor after one of the • bitterest contests in the 1938 campaigning. Other industrial centers reported crowds were swarming the polling places to write the decision on Republican efforts to reduce the Democratic majorities in the senate, house, and 48 governorships. In the South, chilly weather and rain tended to keep down the voting, which for the most part constituted ratification of Democratic nominations made 'months ago. Early Returns First meager returns in Massachusetts put Leverett Saltonstall, Republican, out in front of James M. Curley, Democrat, for the governorship. In Kansas, closely watched for farm sentiment toward President Roosevelt's farm program, Senator McGill, Democrat, gained an early edge in a handful of incomplete returns over Clyde Reed, Republican. In the same town, Pittsburg, Democratic Governor Walter A. Huxman topped Payne H. Ratner, his Republican opponent. Threats of disorder brought out the national guard in Harlan, Ky., where there was an election eve shooting. In Albany, N. Y., 25 voters were arrested on charges of illegal registration, Report Drive for No. 28 LITTLE ROCK.—(/P)—The Arkansas Democrat said Tuesday that the state administration had "passed out the word" to Employes and friends to vote for proposed constitutional amendment No. 28 (bond refunding) in Tuesday's general election. Five States WASHINGTON—(/P)—Five states and and two widely-separated geographical areas stand out as places to watch in Tuesday's national elections. The states are: New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan and Wisconsin. In the outcome of their senatorial or gubernatorial contests might be bases presidential portents of 1940. The geographical areas which will be under special scrutiny are the great interior of 12-states farm belt; and the three Pacific coast states, Washington, Oregon and California. In Ihe farm belt a conclusive answer may be discernible to the biggest political question of 1938—farmer reaction to New Deal experimentation in controlled production. On the Pacific coast, national attention will be claimed especially by voter reaction to popularly initiated measures to restrict jurisdictional strikes and by California's decision regarding the "$30-every- Thuvsday" old age pension idea. New York Important New York always heads the nation<il Election Day list for interest because of its 47 electoral votes and the huge delegation it sends to congress. This year is no exception, not only because it is President Roosevelt's home state but because a leading figure for Republican presidential nomination consideration in 1940 may arise there. The Republican candidate for governor, Thomas E. Dewey, is marked for national attention if elected over Gov. Herbert H. Lehman.- Bitter Fight hi Pennsylvania In Pennsylvania, also, 1940 possibili- (Continued on Page Three)

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