Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on December 4, 1948 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Saturday, December 4, 1948
Page 1
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Buy Your Community Concert Membership This Week-There Will Be No Ticket Sale at the Door. Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Wnshburn ~ If It's a Man's World You Can't Prove It This is a column for men—but I can't help it if the women read it, too. However, that won't make any difference. For this is a gripe about American buying habits, and one newspaper item will bounce off that target as though it< were armor-plate. A gentleman of 82 wrote William Feather, who edits the Imperial Type Metal magazine, that while the newspapers give a lot of space to the design of women's clothing they seldom say anything about what the men have to wear. Continues Mr. Feather: "This reader, a doctor of medicine, wants the tail of the shirt restored to a decent length, as does every other man. He wants the collar put back on night shirts, for protection in a cold bedroom. "The back o£ drawers and trousers should be built up to afford protection to the small of the back, especially for men of outdoor occupation subject to lumbago. "The suspender buttons on the back of trousers should always be on the outside, to reduce pressure on the spine. "The legs of pajamas should be buttoned at the ankles to keep them from slithering up on cold nights. "All of these suggestions are good although they may appeal more to elderly than to young men. "It is a fact, however, that in England, which is a man's world, vastly more attention is given to men's apparel than in the United States. Men in London have ideas and get what they want. In this country, Los Angeles seems to be doing a job for the men in ine design of sports and lounging wear. "Improvements in masculine wear are long overdue, but so long as women do the buying lor men, as is the custom here, not much gain can be expected." See what I mean'.' It's a revolutionary thought but expires with a sigh. WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Increasing cloudiness this afternoon, showors and warmer tonight. Sunday showors, colder in west antl central portions. 50TH YEAR: VOL. 50 — NO. 43 Star of Hope 1899; Press 1927 Consolidated January 18, 192V HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1948 (AP)—Means Associated Pross (NEA)—Moans Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPv Military Budget Hike to Mean Additional Tax New York, Dec. 4 —(/P) —Secretary of Commerce Charles Sawyer says that if the federal military budget is increased next year, new economic controls will "almost certainly" be necessary to check inflation. But American business has "nothing to fear" from an anti-inflation program, he told the closing session of the 53rd annual congress of the National Association oi Manufacturers last night. Sawyer's reassurance apparently was aimed at those businessmen who felt that President Truman's reelection would be a signal for a renewed drive for legislatiion that businessmen has opposed. High on the list of business fears have been the threat of more taxes including the excess profits and restoration of price controls. In an address which he said earlier was approved by President Truman, , Sawyer asserted that "avoiding controls will certainly require teamwork and rigid restraint on the part of those who are interested with our (military effort." An expansion in the current military program, he said, "would almost certainly call for economic controls of various kinds." In Washington, the armed forces have sought military appropriations in the next fiscal year ranging up to $23.000,000,000. / Mr. Truman has called for a ?15.000,, lid on the military budget. Distinctive Ma Don't Count Opinion Polls Out Bec a use of One Bad Season By JAMES THRASHER Polls and pollsters have occn reaping a post-election harvest ot scorn and ridicule for pinning the blue ribbon on the wrong entry. But we think the opinion surveys deserve a calmer and fairer appraisal than they have been getting before the public decides to consign Gallup, Roper and Crossley to the limbo of Funk and Wagnulls. Several leading politicians— all Democrats, oddly enough— have complained' of a lack of fairness in the election polls. One of them said something about the opinion samplers hitting a "new low" in deceiving the public. But deliberate deception would have been silly. After all the poll- takers arc in business the year round. All they have to sell is accuracy. Besides, it is pretty clear that the Republicans and not the Democrats were the ones who'suf- fered from the polls' wrong conclusions. Maybe there was carelessness or lack of thoroughness in taking the 1948 political polls. Maybe emotion or bias crept in somewhere. We don't know. Something was wrong. But that doesn't mean that people must cease believing in opinion surveys. Opinion sampling is a science — maybe a developing and still inexact science, but a science nevertheless. Its techniques are the result o£ sound reasoning, trial, error and correction. A sampling, correctly taken, is not unlike a scale model or pilot plant of a full- size industrial operation. Opinion surveys arc not only highly valuable in manufacturing, marketing and other lines of business. They are important, lor instance in the conduct of our democratic government. Stuart Chase in his new book, "The Proper Study of Mankind," recalls that, in 1941, congressional mail was !10 per cent against the draft law. But the polls showed a majority of all Americans in favor of the draft. And the draft bill won by only a single vote. The famous Literary Digest postcard poll of 1936 was not scientific. Mr. Chase explains what happened: "The Digest based its conclusions on a sample which was 'biased' statistically, that is, it did not represent the people would actually go to the polls. The post cards came from telephone book names in considerable part, which gave an upper bracket bias. Poor people have votes but not always telephones. "The Digest also depended on people who had the clerical habit strongly enough to mail a post card . "So the Digest accumulated a second bias . . . toward the more educated, conservative and prosperous . . . The prosperous are traditionally skewed in the direction of the Republican Party. Thus the Digest easily won the election for Landon." The 1U48 poll results certainly Continued on page two of Proposed McMathNottoi Touch Revenue Stabilization Act Druses Wdrir lri\ Rosemary De Camp, veteran screen mother, was named "America's Mother of Distinction" by Dr. Paul Popenoe, director of the American Institute of Family Relations. In private life she is the wife of Hollywood .Municipal Judge John Schidler. They have three children. U.S. to Use Goods to Lure Red Satellites Local members of the legislature and the county judge-elect had an opportunity to hear views on certain proposed and existing legislation as expressed by the Hempstead County teachers at a dinner-meeting of the classroom teachers and schoolmasters held at Spring Hill this week. The special guests were: Senator F. C. Crow, Representatives-elect Edward Lester and Thurston Hulsey, and County Judge-elect C. Cook. James H. Jones, Superintendent of local schools, in his talk on school problems, urged support to Governor-elect Sid McMath's road program. Mrs. P. L. Perkins, local teacher, who spoke on a proposed teacher tenure law for Arkansas stated that "the bill is ready to be presented to the state legislature when it convenes in January." She also told the group that 32 states already have a tenure law. M. H. Peebles, Superintendent of Saratoga schools, spoke on the teacher salary law and expressed a need for "a state-wide insurance plan for schools whereby local agents would be able to take care of the business." Mrs. Irma Dean, local teacher, told the group of the teacher retirement plan as it now exists and expressed hope that "the legislature would see fit to raise the rate of percentage in determining the retirement salary." Prior to the talks, group singing was led by Elmer Brown, county school supervisor, who also presided over the meeting. Curtis Garner, Spring Hill teacher, played the accordion for the singing. Mrs. C. Cook was also a guest at the meeting. to Vote Despite Communists Bugs Bunny Warns: iSHOPPING DAYS [TO CHRISTMAS Uerlin, Dec. 4 — \lf\ — Western Berliners vote tomorrow for a new city administration in their "island of freedom" 10 miles inside the Soviet army's ramparts in Europe. Blockaded Berlin is going to have a legal election that the Russians couldn't stop. The ballot is merely a list of three anti-Communist parties competing for municipal jobs. Hut the East-West struggle for Germany has made the local political contest a straw in the wind to show which side the Germans prefer. It a high percentage of voters appears at the polls, the United States Britain and France will claim German endorsement of their fight against Rus^jiir. efforts to Suviet- ize Berlin. If the \otiiifj is relatively meager, Communists will hail it as a vindication of Russian efforts to 'oree the Western allies out of the city. But no Western observer expects tlu. Communists to admit a reverse, no mutter how many Berliners ignore their demand to boycott the election. Washington. Dec. 4 —(UP)—The United States hopes to lure Soviet satellite countries away froni Russia with economic goods, it was revealed tnday. This hope was expressed in a confidential report drawn up by the staff of the joint congressional "watchdog" committee on foreign aid. The report was based on consultation with officials of the state department and the economic cooperation administration. These officials, according to the report, voiced cautious hope that a wedge can be driven between the Kr.emlin and other countries behind the "iron curtain." They indicated that American goods and raw materials will be used to bring about the split. The report said these officials urged that trade between eastern and western, Europe,, can be encouraged—with indirect U.S. back- ng—as a "deterrent" to Soviet expansion. The diplomatic officials e.x- iressed a "desire on the part of he United States to foster nationalism within the (Soviet) satellite countries" and to assist those nations in maintaining their "national economic structures." Disclosure of the report with a statement by the Czechoslovakia!! ambassador to Washington that he oelieves U.S. export restrictions soon may be eased. Ambassador Vladimir Oulrata said a conversation with acting Secretary of State Robert A. Lovett had given him hope that American machinery and industrial goods soon may be shipped to his country in substantial quantities. At present, ho said, some $17,000,0000 worth of U.S. goods, or- dred by Czechoslovakia, are being held up for lack of export licenses. Czechoslovakia is one of the Soviet satellites. The "watchdog" committee's report said diplomatic officials are eager to keep East-West trade lanes open in Europe. Only materials of great military value, it said, are banned. The committee's report made these additional points: If East - West trade were cut off on the European continent many Western European countries would be separated from important supply sources and deprived of valuable revenues. '2. Certain commodities produced in Eastern Europe cannot be obtained clsc-whcrc and some are of "considerable strategic significance." "The general policy which has been agreed upon by the executive branches of the United States government has been to avoid cutting off East-West trade." the report said. It added that "this trade is to be permitted except for the prohibited categories. Little Rock, Dec. 4 — (/P) —Gov- clect Sid McMath says he has no intention of tampering with at least one piece of legislation his outgoing predecessor sponsored. That's the Revenue Stabilization act, which Governor Laney regards as one of the outstanding laws passed during his administration. McMath raised the act here yesterday at an open forum at which the present and incoming governors and eight of the nine members oj: the delegation which will represent Arkansas in the next congress ai|- swcred questions. The interrdr gators were some 800 business and agricultural leaders augumentcd by several hundred students. The, affair was arranged by the Arkansas Economic Council State Cham£ ber of Commerce. Some one asked "does the ne> state administration propose change radically the Revenue St bilization law?" Chairman C. Hamilton Mos> pointed out McMath to answer. ^ The next governor said: "It (thf lavyi is wise, timely and masterful legislation. As far as I am confe cerned there will be no major change." Governor Laney also had hi chance to agree at least partl| with McMath. who repreatcdly ha referred to highways as the stale' "no. 1 problem." The governor was asked "Wha is the biggest problem facing th state?" , Laney declared that "highways stand out as the greatest temper* ary need." But he said, "the great? cst permanent problem is the nect for more money for education." ; In answer to a question Senatq^ Fulbright told the audience theft only about 6,000,000 of 180,000,® Russians are Communists and sail he believed that "eventually tlie complete error of the party's (Communist) ways will be evident arid the falsity of its political situation will show up. : RAMLE CJ JERUf LEMj PALESTINE' S TRANS- JORDAN The Druses, a wild, fanatical '< Syrian tribe who inhabit the shaded area on the map, report-; «dly want to be taken into Israel.;. Living in Jebel (moun- i tain) Dvusef.ivthey have long fought for independence against the French artd/V.Syrians, and supposedly feel they will be bet- ( ter of! under the Israelis. They; are already fighting the Arabs, 1 on the side 'of,the Jews. Films Revive Red Spy Hunt by Congress Washington, Dec. 4 — f/I'i— Midget films of secret stale department papers, pulled from a pumpkin by an admitted former Com| munist agent, have suddenly set the Red spy hunt going again in congress. The House Un-American Activities committee took to the radio and telehone to round up members for more hearings. From Whittaker Chambers, a Time magazine editor who says he used to be a Communist courier, the committee got more documents to add to those produced from microfilms he hid in a hollow pumpkin on his Westminster, Md., farm. Rep. Mundt (R-SD), a committee member, said the microfilms alone provide "definite proof" of Ihc existence of 'one o£ the most extensive espionage rings in the history of the United States. The state and justice departments had no immediate comment. In a statement last night, Mundt Head Pointer Cairo Workmen's Compensation Is Revised Revised benefits under Arkansas Workmen's Compensation legislation began yesterday, the effective date of Initiated Act No. 4 which was approved in the November general election. Initiated Act No. 4 of 1948 replaces the original workmen's compensation bill, Act No. 319, which became effective December 5, 1940 —but the acts are identical except for certain administrative changes which the Workmen's Compensation Commission felt were desirable. The principal changes in the act increase the maximum weekly benefits from $20 to $25, and the death and total permanent benefits from $7.000 to $8,000. Minimum benefits remain at $7 per week, and the percentage of weekly wages paid is unchanged at 65 per cent, subject to the minimum and maximum. Cairo Egypt, Doc. 4 — (/I 5 ) — Police Chief Sclim Zaki Pasha was injured fatally 'today by. an exploding hand grenade in a student riot at .Fund 'university, police, announced^ .-;•( Polic;e>ta?c!'-newsmen three police_' guards' also" had been killed by grenades of striking students. The. university opened this .morning after a two-day close-down which resulted from a previous student strike against British policy in the Sudan. The chief was reported to have died in a hospital. The blast occurred in the vicinity ot the school of medicine, where striking students shouted slogan against Premier Mahmoud Fahmy Nokrashy Pasha's government.' ^.Ambulances carried, injured -Stu dents from the scene. Four '-;loads of arrested students, many of then with bloodied faces, were seen being taken away in police trucks Students said demonstrators shouted "Sudan for Egypt and Pal cstinc for the Arabs," and "Dowr with Nokrashy." also .said: 1. The committee has uncovered "shocking" evidence that before the war "secret documents of direct significance to our national security were fed out of the state department by a member of the Communist underground to Whitta- ,kcr Chambers." The underground 'member wasn't identified. 2. There are indications that "a final conclusion is imminent in the ong discussed Hiss-Chambers es- lionagc case. " 3. He is trying to line up other nembers to revive the spy ngs at the earliest possible date Maj.-Gcn. Bryant E. Moore, o£ Ellsworth, Me., chief of the Army's public information division, will head the U. S. Military Academy ot West Point beginning Feb. 1. In World War It he served in the Pacific and European theaters and later commanded U. S. occuputiop troops at Trieste. . 2,000-ton Kiangya. It blow up amid- State Hospital May Take Over Baptist Site Little Rock, state hospital buildings and Dec. 4 —i/Pi— The may take over the jruunds formerly Search for Radium Needle Successful Morrilton, Dec. 3 — (lf>— A search for lost radium needles valued at $800 in a Morrilton hospital was successful yesterday—thanks to use of the state geology department's geigcr counter. Ozan, Little Missouri Flood Work All Set Judge Fred A. Luck received a letter today indicating that the Little Missouri River and Ozan Creek drainage projects have been approved by district engineers as petitioned in a meeting at Prcscoll October 18, 1948. The letter was from Col. R. G. Lovctt. Corps of Engineers, District Engineers. Vicksburg, Miss. The project awaits only appreciation of funds. H calls for straightening of Little Missouri River and O/.an Creek channels in Hempstead and four other .surrounding counties. Maps of right-of-way etc. at a later date. The projects are designed to eliminate yearly floods over farm lands in along the channels. Encouraged Says Madame Chiang Washington, Dec. 3 — (/P) — Mme Chiang Kai-shek, "encouraged" after her second visit in two days with Secretary ot State Marshall, is expected to meet President Truman early next .week. The White House call is due to take place under conditions em pbasizing its social, rather than its official, nature. Diplomatic informants said the appointment was fixed for a time when Mrs. Truman could be present. That would follow the pattern set at both meetings between China's first lady and the secretary of state. One those two occasions Mme. Chiang was accom- apnicd to Walter Reed hospillal — where Marshall is undergoig a physical checkup — by Mrs. Marshall. After yesterday's visit, the wife of China's president told reporters: ' "We talked about China and I am encouraged." Then she added, smiling: "I would like to know anybody who has seen and talked with General Marshall and does not corne- away encouraged." She gave no indication whether Marshall had given some sign that the United Slates defnitcly would aid the Cinese government to resist the Communists or whether she simply had found his attitude toward China's plight sympathetic. H was considered somewhat significant that her conferences with Marshall as well as her prospective meeting with the president ire characterized by the presence Washington 3000 Chinese Perish Fleeing Shanghai Shanghai, Dec. 4 — (/!>)—A small, ncar . jship crammed witli Chinese war refugees exploded and sank just outside Shanghai late last, night, with a toll expected to exceed 3,200 jlives. If reports are even approximately accurate, it was the worst marine disaster in modern history. Some 4,250 Chinese were reported aboard the ship, the China Merchant Steamship .company's „ By SEYMOUR TOPPOIMG Nanking, Dec. 4 — (/!') — Chinese Nationalist and Communist armies moved tonight toward a head-ori collision south of Suchow — a new battle which may determine China's fate. Five Communist columns under Gen. Chen Yi cased their pressure, on the government's new Hwai- ivcr defense line, 100 miles northwest of Nanking, and were heading icrth to .meet the three Nationalist vrrny groups that abandoned .Suchow Wednesday. (The Chinese Communist radio asserted thnt the Suchow garrison troops were fleeing westward, After being beaten only 10 miles ' south of the big Nationalist ba<,c., (The broadcast, heard " by the Associated Press in San Fiancibeo, assorted the thice airny groups lad suffered "thousands of castial- ities." The Reds ait 1 in "hot pursuit," the radio added.) Chen Yi's forcf was cbumnted at 130,000. Three other Red columns, totalling possibly 75,000 men, already arc engaging the 250,000- man Suchow garrison about 3d miles south ot the big base. In addition to those Communibt forces, two other columns were reported approaching the ' battle scene from the east. Thus, it appeared the three government army groups — constituting the core of Chiang Kai-shek's strength in East, China — will be considerably otit- numberd. While official attention was riveted to the impeiidinj: battle, the | frantic scramble ot Chinese to leave Nanking and Shanghai continued — and with tragic rci-.ults'. A small .steamship reportedly carrying 4,000 refugees blew up and sank near the mouth of.the Yangtze river late last night. Moie than 3,000 were believed drowned. The Nanking- garrison attempted to slow down the- exodus fioiu this capital by closing the main gates ships and-sank in less than un hour to'railroad yards and to the YangUe near the mouth of the Yangtze j,.^ t , ocks ^ Gcn Tnn Gen .p o> "^ risori commander, oideied all rlvcr A company spokesman said the Kiangya had a capacity of 1,186 passengers but that it was "officially" carrying 2,250—mostly from Nanking. He said another estimated 2,000 clambered .abqard. at Shang- haU -There seemed no -<(Vfiy v "b6*'iSc- tcrmining just now many. Late tonight, as six Chinese boats bobbed about the shattered superstructure extending outl of the chill waters, about 200 bodies were reported recovered and were reported still missing. Between 100 and 400 have reported rescued thus far. Cause of the blast had not been determined. The welter of reports advanced several reasons—Communist sabotage, an underwater mine, transport facilities placed under ,- 1 military control. * /*" ' V *S For the first lime in clnjsv iheie "Tla was considerable' optimism u> olfi- •/,! cial Nanking circl.es ;. regarding tlic *•, . . , . been or an explosion of overstrained Guy Lombardo Ridicules the Idea That His Orchestra Is Only a 'Sweet' Band By GEORGE TUCKER (For Hal Boyle) New York — i/P) — The idea that Guy Lombardo has a "sweet" band is gently ridiculed by the man himself with the comment "the music my band plays is never sweet unless it was written that w a y." You owe a composer the same if ya really wanna what's up, Doc, I'll tell ya. The cost of living is up! Get it, Doc? •Well, know Tiie Communist gangs hav attacking opposition political met-t- ini',s all week. But if the vote is heavy, past tactics suggest the niHinisls will cry fraud by "re- aetionary war -mongers." Kuropo has never seen an elect'.un like this before. It is taking place in two-thirds of the gaunt, ruined eitv. the U. S. occupied i;. Central (Baptist) college at C'uiiway. The college board, meeting here yesterday, authorised sale of the Conway property and named a cornmiuee empowered to close any transaction. Hospital authorities have discussed possibility of taking over the plant as a separate tin.it for children. Central now is situated at Camp Robinson, near here. The college buhrd elected Die Rev. R. C'. Campbell. Little Rock, to succeed Hit.- Rev. K. C. Brown, Blythtville as chairman. HARDIN QUITS Little Ruck. Dec. •! — (.-'I'— Joe yesterday as a director oshrdsh llardin, Grady planter, resigned yesterday ,.;; a director uf the Arkansas 1'o.ver and Light Company tu devote full time to presi- icieiicv t" the Arkaii.--:is Fanii Bu- that we could do better with two pianos and still not change the style of the band," said Lombardo. "We found out that two singers with different type.s of voices were better than just one who had to sing everything. "And we found that we could use a variety of woodwinds v. ilhout altering a style that has had general playwright, Lombardo suggested. (public acceptance. The bandleader, who holds three] "Actually, the formula for our speed boat records and is helping success is so simple that it is hard fidelity that a producer gives build a boys town on Long Island, has some definite ideas about music and the way it should be played. "Many swing bands were war babies," he said. "I'm not talking about the Dorseys and the Artie Shaws. They're standard. But the others, they were synthetic attraction, made for the moment. to put into words. We just play the way people want us to." A iiian of many interests. Lombardo has to "clear a space" when he wants lo scratch his iiead and i think. | Currently in tin 1 midst of his 10th i consecnutive winter engagement at I the samo New Yuri; hotel (Roose- velli. hu ali-.o is managing a "They would take a number j lood house 01 like 'It's Magic' and see how farltion to racin; away from it they could get. When ipi'aring un the "war hysteria began to fade shows, out they faded, too. Between -0 \ But he re; and 30 such bands died in one six ,Boy.s Town months stretch in 1947." He add: "If my band plays a preponderance of sweet music it's because- there is more sweet than any other." \ Lori,bardo carted young ai'.d •.•ot i in on the Happer era. Since the youny things today gel the same j bout out of a Lombardo tune that their flapper mothers uot. h" was asked about changes, if nv.y. anil about variations in style. "iu the Li^t ten year; ,ve luLind Long Upland speed boats of their wives. By practice that detracts from the of- ieial nature of the meetings and jreales a more social atmosphere. That was oncsidered to be in line with Mme. Chiang's mission here, is outlined by both American and Chinese inioi-mants: lo do all she possibly can, informally, to obtain American commitments of help tu he Chiang Kai-shek government 'ar beyond anything this govern- nent has yet been willing to do. The congressional "watchdog" committee on foreign aid, which met yesterday with Economic Cooperation Administrator Paul G. Hoffman, discussed the Chinese situation but made no plans lo meet the nationalist leader's wife. Senator Smith iJi-NJ>. the committee's acting chairman, said the group does nut expect tu meet Mine. Chiang unless she asks to testify, lie noted that military assistance for China would he outside the committee's authority. "We are limited to recovery and relief," he said. But lie told newsmen other aspects of the Chinese siluation had been discussed with Hoffman, who j before th plans to visit the war-turn nation seekin this month. Kven if the Communists gain control of the cheated, the a'bly would continue to offer relief strictly to prevent "human suffering and starvation." But Smith said there would be no "recovery" boilers. It was the first major disaster in the frenzied exodus from Shanghai and Nanking. Both cities are menaced by Chinese Communist armies now engaged in critical — possibly decisive — battles less than 200 miles northwest of Nan- king. The steamship had sailed from Shanghai en route to Ningpo tNinghsie), about 200 miles south of here. It was jammed with Shanghai and Nankin;.! residents attempting to reach the relative safety of Chekiang province. A company .spoke.sm.'ii suit! the Kiangya's capacity was l,l!i(i pas- sonte-rs. He added, houevcr, that thousands of refugees had swarmed aboard on each of the ship's trips in recent weeks despite efforts to hold a safely limit. The spokesman said the vessel had carried at least forthcoming fight\south of .Suchow will result in a government victory. ters said that even pattuil Na- ,,w.j ( vL.- tl .- it- Informed foreign military quar- at least 3,000 tcrs said that even partial Nationalist success could delay for 60 to 00 days the necessity for the government evacuation of Nanking. However, government Slopes for a victory hinge mainly on an effort by the encircled 12lh ar-my group to break through Red columns in the Stihsicn sector and join the Suchow armies. Alter eight days of encirclement, the 12th was reported under artillery fire and fighting Communist night attacks. The 12th, short of food and ammunition, is being supplied by air drops. gers on each of ils previous trips, and that there were at least that many aboard this lime. Survivors—some of whom weree injured—reported that the ship went down shortly after a tremendous. explosion. One survivor said it might have been sabotage, because he noticed two junks passing the stern of the ship a few minutes earlier. He said they might have loosed a mine. Shipping men were inclined to blame overstrained boilers for the blast. McMafrh Against Another Race Track in State Observers Say Shanghai, Dec. Qualified Am<..'ric-'in servers here believe 4. -- (UP) — military ob- thi\t Nanking, television assistance such build factories or 4h on that With political he is a nieiu- 'uoard that re- Al.;L>r. Nicholas H. r ot Hoy:; Town. ML".-. York tu outline of that ;:reat mslilu- :; to Little Rock. Dee. •) — (UP I -Gov.-elect Sid McMath announced today that he is opposed lo granting a franchise for operation of ai'olher race track in Arkansas. Commenting on an application tale racing commission franchise tor a track near West Mem phis, McMuth said: "1 am ai;aiiihl establishment of country. Smith iu-i another race track anywhere in the United Staters prob- j state, and this uppltes to both horse and dug racing." The incoming governor said that if any permit was granted lor the Crittendcn county track, it would as helping lo.havc to be issued this month be- jjuwer plants. j cause lie i.; not going lo issue one i next year. j H u ., v ,. Vl . ri G I iterated his capital of Chiang Kai-shek's Chinese Nationalist government, will be iti Communist hands by the end of this month. They believe that the fate of Nan- king and, in turn. Shanghai, was sealed by President Truman's announcement that Gen. Douglas MacArthur will not be sent to China to aid Chiang, and by indications from Washington that new large-scale United States aid will not be forthcoming quickly, it at It is known here thnt Chiang's forces cannot hold out on the Nan- king front much longer unless major supplies of ammunition, arms, and other war material are forthcoming. Many observers believe that the Ueneralissimo will remove his headquarters soon lo Nanehar/g, some 350 miles southeast of Nan- lung and about 100 miles uuUtll of the YarifU/.e, and will hold out (here far a time before falling back farther south to Canton. Not even the fairly small num- Iber of Americans in Nanking and Shanghai are agreed as to what should be the policy of the United States regarding China. None Hurt in Derailment at Fine Bluff Vet Contact Man to Be in Hope Dec. 10 Donald T. Steams, Yi-ter; ]iiiiii.-.tralii>n Contact Repi live, v. ill be at the County house (Third Floor i, Hope. sas, i 1 '! kla v, iK'ccmbcr 50 a.m. Ben Laney opposition to —(/Pi— Deot a local. service inters Ujj- injured. esenta- Cuurl- Aikan- ai IU NAMED TO COMMITTEE Camdeii. Dec. -i --i.-'l'.-- Dr. II. R. Rollins df Oani'.U-n has bee!) named on a U'!i-m:iM. Anu-riean Medical associMi' 1 " c"mmilU-e fur piui'cc- tiuii i if tlic ni-.'He's ! Pine Bluff, Dec. -I railment of five eais ICultun He-It freight train at Al- llviiiUT near here yesterday after* I noon caused brief well-known and jt'en. No one was the :;tivenior i A -special train of I':ir;i;.;oukl foot- .Uein.u "to issue ba'l fans en rouU' here for the i'ara.^i.-iild-Warren hi.iUi school playoff was delayed some 20 minutes. The fans-- jjut hi 1 re in plenty of tnru.* A regular passenger train v.as tieltt- up a longer period -approMir.utcly uu hour and a half. A sharp uiieel flange v.at, blain,)

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