Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 20, 1938 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, September 20, 1938
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Hempstead County Fair September 20-24; Livestock Show; Household Arts and Agricultural Exhibits-$l,000 in Cash Prizes. Czechoslovakia Had Origin in Collapse of Austria-Hungary German Minority, Disgruntled in 1918, Refused to Particiuate in Cabinet Until 1927—Nazis Stirred Up Trouble in 1933 Uy WILLIS THORNTON NKA Service Staff Correspondent Almost, exactly a year after the death of Thomas Masnryk, the "George Washington" of Czechoslovakia, comes the lest of the political unit he forged in the Jicnt of the war fires of J9M-1918, . . ... __ _ ( f > i> rc <ji{| cn i Kduard Benes was Mns- nryk'a colleague in creating Checho- slovakia, and hence the history of that country as a political entity falls easily within the life of one man. Prague, the Czech capital, is the oldest city of central Europe, and the Czechs as a people arc very old, but Czechoslovakia as it appears on the map today dates only from 1918. The Auto Test Rules Modified; Lights, Brakes, Chief Test !\ H Good Lights and Brakes - Will Give Car a Safety Sticker OVERLOOK FAULTS State Police Modify Rules to Overcome Public Opposition LITTLE ROCK—Drastic- modifications of the requirements for obtaining a snfety sticker for automobiles were announced Monday by Gray Albright, superintendent of the State i I Police, after the supreme court grnnt- j eel a writ of prohibition which in cf- I- j feet nullified a Union Chancery Court / i injunction restraining enforcement of ,uhe auto testing law. , i Instructions set out by Chief Al,. ; bright in a letter to operators of lest- ( , i,ing stations indicated automobile driv- i crs will find it less difficult to obtain ' i a safety sticker and that inspection / I, of headlights, laillight and brakes will ', l>c paramount. j The operators will carry out the in.. spcetions as in the past. punching the : (Ci'i-cl to denote all defective safety fca: i lures, and point them out to the car 'owners. These defects cover slop- Mights, windshield wipers, wheel align| mem, broken windows or windshields. '.. | and other gadgets, but will not pre' -j vent the car owner from getting a safe' ty sticker. ' Stirlu-j to Ik- Issued i Chief Albright directed that if head- t Sights are in good working order and Jin proper adjustment and the breaks ;top a c.-u- within the distance required :>y law, a safety sticker should be iffixed. Tlie letter permits the in- ipectors to make adjustment to heacl- ights not in proper adjustment, and Joes away wtih the former require- I nent that the brakes be equalized. In the past, r. faulty windshield wip- i ; M-, stop-light, defective headlights, tail j \ .ights, unequali/.ed brakes and yar- j>' [ ous oilier items meant'the car owner Jf.jj - lad to have the defects repaired and t' I -eturn to the station within five days • 'or final inspection before a sticker 7-j vas issued. |i' ! Stickers to Be Mailed fi!| '1 Chief Albright siid he had contract- .H'j i •<' for a .•••uppl.y of stickers which will [j ' K mailed to testing station operators t. i lext week. Those operators who have f j i supply of .slickers left over, may fl t -arry on inspections. He said a.s soon as the slickers reach -.heir destination, inspection for the- •ocond period, which ends December 1, vill Ix-gin. He instructed his force to •rcler motorists who failed to comply vith the law during the first inspjc- ion period to have their ears tested 'vithin five day.s. 1 Chief Albright .said the modifications /ere a result of opposition to the law. > (e said he not expect to remove f > Cotton . I NEW OHLEANS-i/Ti- October cot' I, jn opened Tue.sd;jy at 7.9ti and closed j 8.09. ;Spot cut tun closed 21 |.,Mints higher, • The Czech Legion of 100,000 men fought iU way across Siberia to join the Allied troops in France by wuy of America, a military epic. country was created as an effort to solve the "minority problem" that has bedeviled Europe for centuries. Czechs Once Minority The story of Czechoslovakia is .short but eventful. Hen: arc the bightlights: 1914—iCzcdi nation existed only in the minds of C/cchs, who were all subject to the Austro-IIunKarian empire and themselves a constant "minority problem," 1914 - 1918—Strenuous campaign of propaganda in France. Italy, Britain. Russia, and the United Stales to gain Allied .support for an independent i 11 criticism of ihe inspection program j ut believed that modification of the j '! equirements would go a long way I nvard removing objections. i School Buses { Chief Albright mailed to his officers set of regulations governing the de- yn and operation of school buses as pprovcd by the .stale Kourd of Edu- ition and sUile Highway Cornmis- ) on. j The rules hold .school diMricl of- I cials and employes ;:nd every per- i 'MI under contract by a school dis- jict responsible for infractions, and 'rovide for the removal in event of Jiolations. ;The rules require drivers of .school I.IM-.S In pass ,-, rigid examination and !(.• licensed; that only the licensed jriver can occupy the driver's seal; juit the buses be brought to a coin- jlele .stop before taking on or dis- (larginii pa.--.sengers, and to come to a lunpleti- stop within W feet, but not ,oser than 10 feel, of railroad cross- j«s; that the driver never leave hi.s i-at while the in tor is running and Jen only after brakes have been set j'fectivcly; that ;:11 windows be closed | children cannot hang their heads or |-ms from the bus; that the door be j-pt closed while the bus is in motion; at all buses discharge or take on u'ldrcu at the extreme right of the <id. and that signs indicating thu '•hide a.s a .school bus to be display- jl only when actually used in trarus- | iirUitiiiii ol children to and from S jhool or school meetings. I i!:pccial equipment required on | '.hool buses include a hand ax. re| jtivablc "school bus" signs, rear view f jirrors, windshield wipers, horns oilier warning devices. equalized •akcs, .safety gla.s.s in windows and ind.'hields, clearance lights, side jarkers lamps, directional lamps and jar reflectors. jThc rules govern also the general Justin-lion of the bases. i . .- - . -.»»»»_ [Seven times the exposed volume of ,i iceberg lie.s below the surface the water. Thomas Masaryk was tireless in iidvanring the cause of a Czechoslovak nation, working in many countries, and even interesting President \Vilson. C/i.-1-h state. Masaryk and Belies annum must active workers. Masaryk obtaining President Wilson's interest. January 1917—Independent Czechoslovakia made one of official Allied war aims. C/ec-h legion crosses Siberia and. by way of America, joins Allied arniirs. June ,'iO, 191S—American Czechs and Slovaks agree at Pittsburgh to back a united state of both nationalists, the Slovaks agreeing to certain local "home rule" features in foregoing their own dream of an independent Slovakia. October 18, 11I18— Independence of Czechoslovakia proclaimed at Wa.sh- ingtlon. forestalling an effort of the crumbling Auslro-IUingarian empire to reconstitute itself a.s a new fedcra- Star VOLUME 39—NUMBER 295 WEATHER. Arkansas—Fair, continued cool Tjuenday night; Wednesday fair, slightly warmer. — HOPE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1938 PRICE 5c COPY RUSSIA Many Agricultural Displays at County Fair Here • a 5 5_ . W Fair Opens Noon Tuesday; to Be in Full Swing Soon Workmen Still Busy in Erecting Displays of Household Art LIVESTOCK SHOW Wednesday to Be Farm Crops Day—Livestock, Poultry Thursday The progress Hempstead county has made the past year was reflected Tuesday in exhihits which went on display at the opening of the Hcmpstond County fair. With $1,000 in premiums at state, there were nr.my displays of agricultural products, food preservation, home economics, household arts, and livestock. Workmen were busy throughout the day as livestock untl agricultural pro- duels continued to arrive. It will probably be Wednesday before all of the exhibits are in place. Livestock Show Several head of purebred livestock including bulls, calves and hogs were on the ground. There was also several herd of horses, mules and sheep. The poultry division showed several breeds of chickens and turkeys, all competing for blue ribbons and cash awards. The Soil Conservation exhibit, located in the southwest corner of "the main exhibit hall, ntt.racteo 1 much attention Tuesday afternoon. I'ictiirc.s reveal controur farming, .•trip cropping, crop rotation, wildlife conservation, water conservation and woodland protection. Motion pictures will be shown daily at this booth. The C. U. Leggette shows have about completed the erection of their entertainment attractions which will get into full swing Tuesday night. They have many concessions on the fair grounds. Free Attractions One of the free attractions Tuesday night will be a championship softball game between the Brunor-Ivory team and Williams Lumber company. The game begins at 7:30 o'clock. There will be an admission of 10 ;'nd 25 cents at the entrance gates to the Fair which entitles a person to attend the fair and also the softball game. Free attractions listed for Wednesday include cross-cut sawing, wood chopping, nail driving, tennis tournament and another .softball game between (Continued on Page Six) At Pittsburgh, American Czechs and Slovaks met untl decided to combine their causes and fight for a united country to include -both nationalities. lii.n Provisional C/.eeli government set up at Paris, obtains imincditu U. S. recognition. Germans Early Dissenters November H. 1918--First National Assembly meets at 1-ranue, with rep- j resentiitives of all elements but tlv (Continued on Pnt;p Throe) MIND Your MANNERS T. M. Reg. U.-S. P»t. OO. Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. Should you use the same conversational one in writing a friendly letter as you do when you talk? 2. In such a letter, is it better to concentrate »n "you" and have little alxiut 'I"? 3. If it is necessary to write a note of apology, is it important that it be brief? ^. Is it better form to use notepaper than correspondence cards? 5. When dating a social letter, is the year usually given? What would you do if— You have so long delayed answering a letter that you are embarrassed about tj W .h ETAOIN- barrasscd about it. When you finally write would you begin— la) "I've been So busy that 1 haven't had time to write" •-•and continue with a lengthy explanation? <bi Without a mention of the lapse of time? ic) "Will you forgive my long .silence? Many interesting things must have happened to you .since I last heard from you."? AJIK.WCI-S 1. Yes. Keep it from being forma! and .stilted. 'i. Yes. although a friend will want to hear what you have been doing. 3. Yes. •I. Ye*. "x No. Betl "What Would You Do" .solution — ibi or (i.--. (Copyright IMS, NEA Service, Inc.) Indict 10 for Prison Deaths in Philadelphia PHILADELPHIA, Pa.—(/p)—Murder and manslaughter indictments were returned by the grand jury against 10 officials and guards of Philadelphia county prison Tuesday, where four convicts died recently from heat in punishment cells. 10 Killed and III Hurt in Collision Southern Pacific Expresses Crash Headon in Imperial Valley SAN FRANCISCO, Calif.— (fP)~ Ten were killed and about 40 injured in a headon collision of two Southern Pacific transcontinental passenger trains in the Imperial Valley early Tuesday. Railroad officials said the Argonaut, westbound from New Orleans to Los Ajigeles, crashed into the California!!, eastbought from Los Angeles to Chicago as the latter stood on a siding. All the identified dead were resi r dents of California. Fire Department Issues Warning Urge Hope Residents to Be Cautious in Burning • Trash •>,The Hoi>c Fire Department issued'a warning Tuesday urging Hope residents to be cautious in burning trash at this season of the yecar. DI-J- or dead grass increases fire hazards and when whipped by a wind can easily spread and cause much damage, firemen pointed out. During last month the fire department answered 15 grass-fire alarms. There was no damage—but the results could have been damaging. The last grass fire was Monday aft* crnoon in Ward Four. The fire occurred on Greenwood street. Pauline Frederick Dies at Age of 55 Famed as Star of Stage and Silent Films for Generation BEVERLY HILLS, Calif. — (TPi — Pauline Fcrierick i 5,'t, famous star of the stage and silent pictures, died at her home Monday, apparently from asthma and a heart attack. An in- liplalor squad worked for an hour in an effort to revive her. Miss Frederick rose from the chorus ranks to become, in her heydey, America's most popular actress. She was sti-tely in carriage, black-haired and talented. She was born Pauline Libby in Boston. Mass., August 12, 1885. Her stage experience began in "Rogers Brothers in Harvard," an early extravaganza and her only venture into musical comedy. Among her outstanding stage dramas were. "Joseph and His Brothers," "Innocent" 'Samson" and "When Knights Were Bold." On the screen she appeared in "Za- Za" "Madame X," "LaTosca," 'Fedora," "Bella Donna," "Mrs. Dane," "Slave of Vanity_" '"Ilie Lure of Jade," "Paid in Full" ' "Ressurrection" and "The Eternal City." j When talking pictures came in, the played in "On Trial," "Evidence," "The Sacred Flame," "Social Register" and "My Marriage." The witch-hazel bears both its flowers and fruit in autumn. Economic Problems of South Belong to the Entire Nation The one-time Prince of A.sturia.s, victim of a hereditary blood disease, died recently following an automobile accident near the southernmost large city in the state whose official flower is the Orange Blossom. By what title was the man known at the time of his death? Who is his father? What, is the name of the blood disease? Near what city in what state dij the accident happen'/ .\us\vci on ('las>ifU'd PIIRV Oppressive Tariff land Rail Policies } Dictated by U.S. Though Poor, South Has Largest Population Increase NO FINAlTANSWER ."Roosevelt Has Dug Up More Snakes Than He Can Kill" - This is the second of three articles' 011 the south nud Its problems l>y Jonathan Daniels, editor of the Raleigh, N. C., News and Observer and author of the current best sel- er "A Southerner Discovers the South." By JONATHAN DANIELS NBA Service Special Correspondent A year ago when I was traveling about the south, trying as a southerner to .discover my own .land, I came upon an old gentleman in southeastern -^•••^^•iBfcr—r Arkansas. He was 'jone of the squtr- jarchy of that rc- '• gion, the landlord- merchant - banker-farmer of his world on the dusty road. A book agent, young and brash,' ' la ^ preceded me to the P° rc h of tlle b 'S commissary whore this gentlc- man sat in his rocking chair and had undertaken to Daniels sell him a sct of books on scientific agriculture. The old man thumbed through the books. "Naw, son," he said, "I don't want 'cm." But the salesman persisted. "You ought to buy these books, sir. If you h;-d these books you could farm twice as well as you do." The old man settled himself more comfortably in his chair. "Hell, son," he said, "I don't farm half as well as I know how now." Poverty Preferred And by the same token, the report of the National Emergency Council to the President on the economic conditions of the south was not necessary to make the nation £iwarc that the .south was not an Eden without a snake. Congressmen and presidents, senators and businessmen have been aware of that for half a century- longer, indeed, than th.it. The south was poor and men in the other sections were willing that it be kept poor. The south was poor and some southerners in it preferred a poverty which maintained a sectional integrity, even if it was a ghetto integrity, in which their rule (not always wise) was undisturbed. The report lusts the symptoms of the blight upon a Ifmd which should be, but it not, a garden. And beneath the symptoms the causes are arrayed with considerable diagnostic precision. And causes, like conditions, are familiar; misuse of land and water, high birthrates and the young migrating from hunger, and the cash crop farming in an agricultural region which never could accumulate enough capital and credit at home, and (he absentee ownership which grew naturally (;:;; well as sometimes balefully. sometimes helpful) where native capital WHS scant and all credit was high. And the tariff. And freight rates. The facts of cause and symptom in the south arc too vast to be denied: Mxty-one per cent of all the nation's lnd',y eroded land is in the southern -states. But. the population of the south i.« growing more rapidly by natural increase than that of any other region. A Land and Its People This poor, crowded land and its people lie behind every aspect of the .south. Behind the southern schools which must educate the most children with the least wealth, behind the twins of malnutrition and disease, behind the two and a half million below standard houses, behind the half and more of all southern mill work- ® (fonlinnpd on Pane Three) WHITE FAMILIES INCOME LEVEL UNDER S 500 * 500-1,000 J 1.000-1,500 S 1,500-2.000 $ 2.000 2,500 S Z ,500 aOVER SOUTHERN RURAL COMMUNITIES SOUTHERN CITIES 2,500 POP 6 OVED NORTH CENTRAL CITIES 100,000 POP. a OVER 0 10 20 30 40 to O 10 20 30 40 Nr OF FAMILIES NEGRO FAMILIES INCOME UEVEu UNDER $500 S 500-1.000 4 1,000-1.500 5 1,500-2000 * 2,000-2.500 S 2,500aOVER SOUTHERN RURAL COMMUNITIES SOUTHERN CITIES Z.500 POPS OVER 0 10 20 30 40 NORTH CENTRAL CITIES 100,000 POP. a OVER p 0 10 20 30 40 50 O 10 20 30 40 PERCENT OF FAMILIES 0 '10 203040 If Czechs Fight Germany Moscow Will Help Them Russian Position Is Disclosed at League of Nations FIGHTS ON BORDER Gel-mans Hold Off as Su- detens Clash With Czech Guards GENEVA, Switzerland—(£>)—Sources close to the Russian delegation to the League of Nations said Tuesday that Moscow had informed the Prague government through Geneva channels that if Czechoslovakia would re- Thcse charts show one reason why President Roosevelt has referred to the south as the nation's No. 1 economic problem. Note how the incomes of both white and Negro groups are lower in the south than in the north. The south was poor and men In other sections were willinir that .1 be kept poor. This picture of bleak destitution was taken fn the mountain country of Virginia. Jonathan Daniels writ-s that to poorjrowdcd land and its people lie behind every aspect of he District Dentists Elect FJ). Henry Hope Man Named President of Association at El Dorado Meet EL DORADO, Ark.-</P)—The Southwest District, Arkansas Dental Asso-, ciation Monday elected Dr. F. D.' '•leiiry, Hope, president; Dr. H. E. I Har.na, El Dorado, vice president, and Dr. Winston Couch, Magnolia, secretary-treasurer. Magnolia was given the 1939 district, meeting. Dr. F. W. Hinds, dean of Baylor Dental School, Dallas, mid Dr. I Weldon E. Bell. Baylor instructor, con-; ducted clinics during the day's session.' Officers elected by the association's golf division were Dr. A. W. Hudson, Freseotl, president; Dr. Roy Golden, Arkadelphia, vice president; and Dr. John Wyrick, Texarkana, secretary- treasurer. Temperature Drops to 47 Here Tuesday The low temperature for (lie 24-hour period ending at 7 a. in. Tuesday was 47 degrees which is three degrees above the lowest o/ the fall season. Early Monday morning the tempera- lure dropped to 44 on the Fruit and Truck Branch Experiment Station thermometer, the low point of the :mlnmn season. Rotenberry Case Decision Oct. 17 Supreme Court Refuses to Grant Rotenberry an Amendment' LITTLE ROCK— (K 1 )— The Arkansas Supreme Court in an extraordinary session Tuesday ordered advance for submittion October 10 of a taxpayers' suit seeking to bar from the November general election ballot the Rotenberry old-age pension act. The court overruled A. L. Rolen- berry's motion to amend the petition placing it on the ballot, contending the decision upholding the measure's ballot title last spring precluded raising new issues at this time. The court refused to apiwint a special master to hear testimony, and ordered evidence submitted by depositions, with briefs direct to the court. A final decision is expected October 17. .-._ -•-*•»«<»-. Former Garland County Sheriff Is Found Shot HOT SPRINGS. Ark.—<4'>—Brad O. linith, former Garland county sheriff, was found critically wounded in a parked automobile Tuesday, with a pistol beside him. He was given little chance to recover. Black bears are capable of elim- l.in-.'. trees more rapidly than squirrels. Another Spain? WASHINGTON — (/P) — Some Washington analysts are wondering if Czechoslovakia may not become another Spain. That, they say, is a definite possibility, and one that may depend upon decisions to' be reached within the next few days. Developments of the Spanish par- alel rests, the arguments runs, on two "if's" and Adolf Hitler's choice of the method to be used in obtaining Sudeten Czechoslovakia. The "if's" are: If the Czechs decide they will fight, rather than surrender a portion of their territory to Germany, as proposed by Britain and 'France. If Great Britain and France then refuse to give military assistance to Czechoslovakia, Given these developments, it is believed the next step would be a renewal of the Sudeten civil war which was crushed under the weight of martial law last week. This time Hitler would be actively behind it, with men, planes and guns, but, following the modern technique, without a declaration of war on Czechosolvakia. sist a German attempt to seize the >-udeten regions Soviet Russia wou'd support her. Raid From German Side PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia — (IP) — Three attacks on Czechoslovak frontier customs houses by men said to have crossed the border from Germany with machine-guns, grenades and pistols were reported by the Czech government Tuesday. The attacks occurred at Klein-Aupa, where two were wounded; at Ebersdorf, where six Czechs and several invaders were hurt; and at Neusorce, where Czech officials beat off the attack. Prague authorities said there was no doubt that the attackers, dressed as civilians, came from Germany. New Italian Bcasi UDINE, Italy-W-Mussolini declared Tuesday night it was time "the world became acquainted with a new, warlike and determined Italy." Trouble on German Border BERLIN, Germany—f^—The German official news agency Tuesday reported a steady series of Czechoslovak frontier clashes between Sudeten Germans and Czechoslovak detachments Seventeen German frontier guards were said to have been wounded All the incidents were reported to have occurred in the mountains on the Silesian side of the German-Czech iron tier. German strategy seemed to be to let v-udetcn deserters and Henlien "Frea Corps fight it out with the Czechoslovak frontier forces without involv. ing the regular German armies. Czechs Say "No"' PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia. —(^_ \ source often regarded as a spokesman for the Czechoslovak Foreign Office .said Tuesday that the Franco-British proposals for splitting the nation's territory to appease Adolf Hitler were unacceptable to the Prague government. The authoritative newspaper, Lidova Noviny, whose diplomatic editor, Hubert Ripka, often reflects the Foreign Office viewpoint declared: 'If the guarantees of borders made us 20 years ago are invated today, what assurance have we that promises made now will be kept in the, future?" The newspaper's comment came as other sources, usually liaving access to government information, indicated the government would consider the London proposal but only as a basis for further negotiation. Harassed between the two desires— (Continued on Page Three)

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