Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 19, 1938 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Hope, Arkansas
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Monday, September 19, 1938
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iSl Hempstead County Fair September 20-24; Livestock Show; Household Arts and Agricultural ExhibitMl,000 in Cash Prizes. Czech Republic, Armed to the Hilt, May Yet Bluff Germany American Military Expert Tells Walter M. Harrison He Bclives Czechs Could Stand Off Hitler at Least Two Months Walter M. Harrison, who w role this first-hand account () f ibc fighting stifiiKlli i,f || R . CVcclis, is imuiiisliifc alllor of flu- Dully Oklnlmnmii nnd the Oklahoma City '1 lines at Oklahoma City. Ijist ycnr he spent three moiillus hi hurcipe. and this snrinjf lie took a lenvt- of absence lr> become allndied to the Iximlnit liurcau <,f the Al'. Whi-n events seemed to lit- ncnrlng a crisis In central Kiiiopc, lie liurricel to Prague, the Czech cnpilal By VVALT.KR M. IIAKKISON rRAGUK-(/I'|..-Th:il baby republic which the cartoonists picture as a .sausage in the mouth of the German Heidi may turn out to IK- a cut? that will choke Adolf Hitler. When stolid, swarthy, one-eyed eCeneral Syrovy mobilized 10 divisions on May 21 in .six hours, he caused brows to beetle in Berlin. Al home the .single-minded patriots reaffirmed their trust in the blunt, Prussian-like inspector general who would be chief commander if war came. A good many people believe the army could hold off the Germans till help arrive. Recently, as tho guest of the minister of defen.se al Milovicc, 30 miles northeast of Prague, I watched two regiments of second-year service soldiers in routine field work. In men and equipment these elements compared favorably with outfits I have seen at Fort Sill and Fort Sam Houston in the United States. Close order drill was light and snap- \T«..» H"> 1 I CI >1 New Record Is Set for Opening Day of School Year Here Largest Enrollment in History, Report for Classes' 580 AT HIGH SCHOOL Negro Schools of City Also Report an Increased Enrollment Hope public .schools opened Monday with a record-breaking attendance. A survey of the four white .schools and two negro schools .showed an opening day enrollment of 1,!I7!I. Last year's openini! day mark wa.s 1,895. School officials .said that the total enrollment would probably go over the 2,000 fiijure before the week i.s completed. Mo.st all of the .schools have increases in enrollment during the first month. The enrollment by .schools as compared with the opening day la.sl year: Last Monday Year Brookwoud.1-1 inclusive Paisley. 1-1 mclusiv . e Ojflcsby. 5-fi inclusive High School . Negro elementary Negro High School 203 209 21] 218 2U7 53.') 466 J.89! Total With preliminaries settled last week", .students went to work on a full day's schedule Monday, ineetiiiR all cla:;.ses in regular order as mapped out several days UKO, Al the opening session of the high school, .students beard brief talks by Miss Beryl Henry, superintendent. Jimmie Jones, principal, Frcdick Tay- k>r, president of the sti'dont body, and >.-!,„ 5j,;H Crmchcs--Ham,(-.»,i.s and brasher. The faculty H.st was introduced on the stage in ihe auditorium. Rotenberry Court Decision Oct. 20 Supreme Court to Rule in Advance of the Genera] Election UTTI K Hi.)CK.--i,Ti--Tlu- Arkansas Supreme Court declared Monday it I would haml down a decision before \ October 2U in a suit lo bar the Roten[ berry old-ai'e pension proposal from i the November ucneral election ballot. It was called into extraordinary session Tuesday to hear oral arguments on the procedure. The tribunal granted A. L. Rotenberry, Little Hock attorney, the right to intervene in behalf of his proposal. i The suit seeking to keep his plan off j the ballot was filed by Taxpayer II. j The court granted four police chiefs a 1 temporary writ of prohibition restrain- ii)U Union chancery court from pro- I eeedin^' with a ease involving the stale jauto testing law. The case was advanced for suhniis.'.ion October 10 on the question whether Ihe writ may he made permanent, Negro Hogan Held for Circuit Court Had Confessed to Series of House Robberies, Police Say Jame.s Hogan, neuro, lli-year-old Ycrgi-r High School junior waived preliminary examination on a charge of (-rand larceny when arraigned in Hope municipal court Monday. He wan held under $500 bond lo await action of Hempstcad circuit court. Hogan wa.s arrested last week, and according to police, confessed to a series of thefts in Hope which included two radios from Claude Houston. Other cases Monday: Johnnie Lee Brown, grand larceny, held for circuit court cation under §250 litJiul for theft of a bicycle from a Mjs. West. Joe Herbe.st, violating traffic laws, forfeited $10 cash bond. He was charged wilh drivni{; a transport truck through Arkansas without a license. Cui well Jackson, aggravated assault, convicted and fined §25 for an assault on Mattie Hill. 'Ihe complint .said Jackson attacked her with a lamp. Billy Robbs violating traffic law.s fined S5. Willie Cooper, disturbing the peace. cli.smis.sed. H. A. Whatley. assault with intent to kill U. L. Vine:, wilh a pistol, iU>- nii.ssed. Arthur Hunt, ditlurbmi; the peace. . Deployed as skirmishers, the rudely faced, hard-billon boys found cover like Oklahoma Indians. Bron machine guns beat a tut loo in the direction O f the objective thicket. Hope WEATHER. Arkansas- Star VOLUME 39—NUMBER 294 •Fair Monday night and Tuesday; slightly warmer in west and central portion* Tuesday. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 19.1938 PRICE 5c COPY TO BREAK UP ^^ ^"^ ^" ^^ ^T 'W' *& *fa ^V *Ar ,-A-. _A_ Hempstead County Fair to Open Noon Tuesday bum Dire I i*» WT^. A .. ^ • • • • ^^. . • m . Rusuioss Is Good For I'ra/ftic'.s Movies FRAGUE—</IV-Ncrvcs ;irc taut in Prague, but the population is not jittery. Crisis or no crisis, the 110 movie houses arc doing a good business; Gary Cooper especially, in "Marco Polo," is packing them in. Nevertheless, every citizen has a gas mask, and the American legation i.s building a bomb proof. There is a good deal of fatalism in the air. "If it comes, it will cume." .says this correspondent's barber. Skoda tanks lumbered through a swamp, gears screaming and two turret guns spilling lead. They CJo Home SinfjiiiE Swarming into the lorries, 13 men to a car at one o'clock, the soldiers tossed 60-punml packs, tin hats and all. into the car, bounced home singing the Czech national anthem, "Where Is Our Home?" Pay i.s a crown and a half a clay. This i.s about 5 cents in American money. Beer at the canteen is a few hellers a mug. There the boys see Tarzan and other Hollywood pictures with cxec'ii thles and pick up American .slang. They play ping-pong, chess, checkers, pool and read. The two regiments I saw arc completely mechanized. How many of the Czech army's 14 divisions arc motor- i/ed i.s n military secret. Estimates vary frmo five to eight divisions. All Roads Lead lo I'l-ague Roughly the republic i.s the size of Illinois. Wilh 1.750 miles of frontier lo defend, ils units must shuttle swiftly. Prague i.s the center of the spider web, from which concrete highways and railroads radiate to the borders. The army's peacetime strength i.s 300,000 men. Observers believe tho Czechs could put IHXHIOO men in service i none week. The Czechs, masters of the technique of machinery, have been arms peddlers to the world for generations. Informed opinion i. s that no army today has better equipment or a greater .storehouse of ammunition. Skoda employs -10,1100 men in eight factories. Courteous as the foreign office wa.s, I could not break into a fckoda plant. Sixty-five other factories in this amazing nation of 150011,000 population of many tongues are (levulc-d entirely to the making of war eouipment. When we were in .sight of Prague on ilie return trip, our car paused at a military airdrome, with huge arc(Continued on Page Three) MIND Your MANNERS T. M. Re«. u.-S. Pat. OIL Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritai'ive answers below: 1. If ;i girl i.s having .supper at a dance with a group, i.s il all rij.'.hl tn ask an extra man to join her'.' 2. DOCK the (man or girl suggest .silting out a tlaiicu? M. If a man has placed his arm in a position which i.s uncomfortable for his (lancing partner, is it. all right for her lo a-sk him to change il? •1. Is il the responsibility of an usher at <-i dance to .sec (hat .someone cuts in on a couple who .seem to be "stuck"? 5. What other duties doc.s he hiivc? What would you .say if— You arc a young man dancing with a girl when inlcrmi.s.sion is announced-la i "Have you a ili.'e for intermission?" ibi "May 1 spend the intermU- mi.s.sion with you?" <e) "Can 1 find your date for 1. Ye Answers but .she must sit by fir.st asked her. Ihe (Co ntinupil on P;n'e Thn-ol l'c.s i in.m who 2. Girl. 3. Yes. -1. Yc.s. 5. Introduce strangers, and see Ib'il everyone ha.s a good time. Best 'What Would You Say" so- iutiun -ib>, or lc) if he knows she. has definite plans, ifopyrir.lil IMS. NF.A Service. Inc.I Five Big Days Are Promised Visitors at Fair Park Here Livestock Show to Be the Best Ever Held, Says Garland $1,000 I N PR I Z E S Agricultural Exhibits on Display—Many Free Attractions The Hempstead Counly Fair opens Tuesday with the brightest of prospects. With ideal weather forecast, more exhibits and more entertainment than ever before offered at a county fair, the attendance should break all records. Clifford Smith, county agent, reports that farmers all over Hempstend county are more interested than in any previous year and Miss Melva Bul- liiiKton, county demonstration agent, says the women will exceed the men in quantity and quality of exhibits. Big Livestock Show Lee Garland, president of the fair association and superintendent of the livestock division, promises the larg- esle display" of purebred cattle and hogs ever shown here. The livestock barns ha\*e been completely overhauled and made more comfortable for cattle and visitors to this department. The livestock show this year will be the feature of (he fair. A. H. Wade, superintendent of the poultry division, has had charge of this department at several previous fairs and is expecting a hundred entries. Every other department is equally enthusiastic. The flower show, 4-H club exhibits and the hobby booth are expected to be fealures of the fair. Free Attractions While the C. R. Leggetlc Shows are back to furnish entertainment with carnival attractions, the commitlee on entertainment has added many new features of free entertainment. Softball games, baseball games, eon- lesls of all kinds, a tennis tournament have been thrown in for god measure. Gco. W. Ware, assistant director in charge of the Fruit and Truck Branch Experiment Station and Earl Erion, WPA district supervisor of recreation, have charge of this part of the enter- tainmcnl. A resl room, Red cross first aid station and nursery have been provided for the convenience of fair visitors and every effort is being made to sec that all who attend are provided not only wilh educational exhibits but tvcry convenience and comfort possible. ?l,0(MI in Cash Prizes More than a thousand dollars in cash prizes have been offered for exhibits and these prizes have been guaranteed by the members of the fair committee and the business men of Hope. The fair officials foci sure, however, Ihal if Ihe people of Hope and Hempstead county will visit the fair grounds, it will not be necessary lo call on the financial backers for a penny, as there i.s a .small admission fee of 25c for adults and I0c for children except on Friday night when all school children will be admitted free. The gates will bo opened promptly at 12 o'clock Tuesday to the public and everyone who is not connected with the fair or does not have an exhibit are asked to wait until then to come out, as a large crowd of sightseers only makes more confusion and delay in arranging exhibits. Holds President Can Make NEC Report A Springboard Toward Solution of: Tft A/oJ £conomie Pii7.7.llng, paradoxical, poverty-stricken—a vast area wherein hopes and as symbolized In the picture above. ""'-••--• • - - in the cotton field above—who are Hurricane Moves in Toward Florida Tropical Disturbances Bearing Down Fast on East Coast JACKSONVILLE, Fla. -(/!>)— Relief workers were ready Monday to meet any emergency should a severe tropical hurricane bearing. down upon southeast Florida strike the coast Tuesday as indicated by ils present movement. The wcathrHaSHk or The Weather Bureau urged all precaution from Jacksonville to Key West, and described the dislurbancc as of large area and moving unusually fast. The leaning tower of Pisa was intended to stand upright but the soil beneath gradually gave way on one side until the marble structure was H! feel out of the perpendicular. Weisenberger Is Blevins Speaker R e p r e s e n t a live - Elect Makes Address at Opening of School Royee Weisenbergcr, Hope attorney and rcpre.sentalivc-elecl % made the ripening address at the initial session of the Blevins schools for the 1938-39 school year at Blevins Monday morning. A. B. Wethcrington, superintendent, introduced M. L. Nelson, secretary, and J. J. Bruce, a member, of the Blevins School Board, and tho various members of the 1938-39 faculty. Mr. Nelson pointed out thai Blevins' GOO enrollment, with nine busses bringing in .students from all over northern Hempstead county, made it the .second largest .school in the county and one of the largest consolidated rural districts in southwest Arkansas. Mr. Weisenberger, himself a former principal of Spring Hill school, praised the Blcvias institution as a good example of the American system of education, and reminded the students that the faculty and growing physical plant represented a tax sacrifice by the parents of the district that youth might obtain a better education than the preceding generation. '(The tesl of that education, and of yourselves," Mr. Weisenberger said, "will appear when the time comes thai you take over the duties of citizenship, when you have to provide community and school management after your parents have passed on. The whole object of education is In enable you to get the proper viewpoint on life .so thai you may grow up to be peaceful and industrious citizens, learning the lesson of co-operation, of which Blevins itself is a fine example." Mr. Weisenberger wa.s accompanied from Hope by A. H. Washbum, Star publisher. to New York Goes to Polls on O'Connor Congressman's Fight Is Overshadowed by 1940 Presidency WASHlNGTON-t/l'l—Tlic turbulent primary campaign of 11)38 ends Mon- dijy with balloting in four .states, any one of which could be pivotal in November or in 1940. Another lot of the president's cffuii U> purge anti-new Dealers from the Democratic party i.s involved. Yet political-attention centers more on New York's nominating conventions the following week than on what happens Monday ni the party voting in New York, Massachusetts'. New Jcv- sqy and Wisconsin. Both parlies name candidates for two Editor Jonathan Daniels Sees South As Emotion, Not Region .Author of "A Southerner Discovers the South" Begins Three-Article Series onjiouthern Economic Report By JONATHAN DANIELS T K r i r, NEA Scrvlcc Special Correspondent ^tt££ttJS^^^^^±-». Council packed the statistics into i conditions of the south, southerners WB1 -, difercnce between them. And ncoithcr . Q Th u a probably ent : cryphal talc in Charleston to illustrate the difference. When Frankin Hutton, cme of the new gen- alemen from the north on the old plantations of the south, bought Theodore Havenel's Low Country plantation, he paid him 5100,000 for it. When the papers were signed Hutton added conver- |salion to his check to point the continuing difference between the energetic north and the sluberous south You Southerners," he said in effect, "are too sleepy for us wideawake northerners. I would have paid $150000 for this place." 120-Pound Melon Gift to University 0. D. Middlebrooks Tenders Big Melon to College of Agriculture FAYETTEVILLE, Ark.-One hundred and twcnly pounds of lucious melon promptly disappeared at the College of Agriculture Saturday morning when the huge product of the famous Hope section was ceremoniously cut by Dan T. Gray, dean and director. The melon was presented to Dean Gray and the faculty by O. D. Middlebrooks of Patmos, through his nephew, Tom Hubbard, a freshman in the college and a member of the 4-H Cooperative House for young men .students. The large melon, which measured 27 inches in length and 54 inches in circumference, was on display several days this week at the First National Bank and attracted much atlcnlion. Daniels WPA Group Will Back RD. Always Plans to Support Only '100 Per Center' Congressmen NEW YORK-W-An organizatioi known as the WPA Employes Association of America has written President Roosevent it proposes to "mould ar army O f 3 million men and women and their dependents" to keep him in office, and to vote only for those congressional candidates "willing to support your recommendations on the legis lative program." Cotton NEW ORLEANS.-t/n-October cot- Ion opened Monday al 7.91 and closed fit 7.88. Spot cotton closed steady five points higher, middling 7.83. (Continued on Page Rixl An attempted revolution was recently put down after a Nazi coup de main in Ihe capital of ihe country which produces 90 per cent of the world's iodine. A candidate to succeed the country's president wa.s placed under arrest. A revolution was put down after H Nazi what in what city, in what country? What is the president's name? .•VI.SMCV (ui Classified 1'asjc Ravenel, in a land which no longer grows rice, continues to look like the perfect rice planter. He showed no U.stre.=s at Mr. Button's revelation. j "Well," he said in the soft voice of ..•ojMal South Carolina, "maybe so. GUI id have sold the place for $50,000." After that thwp must liave been' recognition between them that in some respects at least they were both Amor-1 1-Mns. And beyond all the diferenccs, other Americans need to come, if by leas cosily ways, ts a similar understanding. More Than Facts Involved All the fads of southern disadvantage in the national economic and social situation, presented with so much clarity in the National Emergency Council's report, have been available before. Their significance in diversity has been presented before. Dr. Howard W. Odum'-s Southern Regions of the United States" has in much greater .space covered the same conditions. The .south has boasted of its high percentage of native stock and been behind the boasting uncomfortably aware thai in a region blessed with resouces those native Americans have been the poorest in the nation. If there actually is such a thing as an American in a country composed of Now Englanders, westerners, Man- hatlans, southerners, bankers, jolitic- <Toiilinueil on Pnge Six) Doctors Support Federal Program But They Oppose Threat of Compulsory Health Insurance CHICAGO-W^-The American Medical associalion adopted over the weekend revisions in its policy on health and welfare which some members of its House of Delegates termed "progressive and almost revolutionary." The delegates meeting in a special session here, approved with few dissenting votes ro obpections five recommendations which agreed in most major principles with the national health- program outlined two months ago by President Roosevelt's Interlepartment- al Committee on Health and Welfare That committee had declared that the health of the people was a direct concern of the federal government, il'.e Medical association agreed over the week-end thai the health of impoverished persons should be protected with the use of state and fed- -ral funds when necessary. The president's committee urged establishment of a federal Department of Health, the secretary of which would be a member of the cabinet. Ihe association agreed with the provisions that "he must be a physician " On the expansion of public health and material and child welfare services the association agreed with the committee completely. Tho delegates backed Ihe committee in its endorsement of better use of existing hospital facilities but opposed the building of additional hospitals where they are not needed. They endorsed plans for hospital service insurance and cash indemnity insurance policies which remunerate a person during prolonged illness. ° They opposed vigorously any plan of compulsory health insurance, contending that it would be "a complicated bureaucratic system which has no place in a democratic state" because it would lend itself "to political control and manipulation." Great Britain and France Unwilling to Fight Germany Allies Demand Czechs Cede Sudetin Areas to Adolf Hitler F R ENCH "SURRENDER Cancel War Preparations —If Czechs Fignt, They '. Fight Alone BULLETIN GENEVA, Switzerland. — (IP) — Czechoslovakia was reported Monday to have asked Russian support against delivering the Sudeten area to Germany. Edouard Heidrich, Czechoslovak foreign office expert, conferred With Jacob Surtts, Russian ambassador to France, and was said later to have seen Maxim L.tvino£f, Soviet commissar on foreign affairs. Neither Russian nor Czech quarters had anything to say officially except that "This is a very delicate matter. By the Associated Press The government of Great Britain and France, agreed on keeping peace at • almost any cost, Monday ratified a tremendous international deal w,ith Germany, apparently urging Czeclio- slovkia to pay the price—the Sudeten areas. The cabinets gave final approval to the decisions of their premiers to meet the German demands. Meanwhile, the Czech cabinet, which nad no part in the decisions, met to study the Anglo-French plan that may mean her dismemberment Resentment increased throughout the Czech nation. Terms of the Deal It is generally expected that Prime Minister Chamberlain will meet Hit-' le r soon to tell him what are said to be the following concessions; 1. Sudeten districts which vc.ci ;.• ;-ci- oait or more at Uie last elections .vould be considered to have declared lor German union. A new frontier would be drawn to include such districts in Germany. 2. Districts which voted 50 to 75 per cent forthe Sudetens would become autonomous Czech states. 3. Populations would be exchanged to safeguard German minorities not wishing German rule, with similar arrangements for Polish and Hungarian minorities in Czechoslovakia. 4. The new Czech frontiei-s would be guaranteed by Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Hungary and Kumania, mking Czechoslovakia an independent neutral state like Bel- In Berlin, the Nazi-controlled press regarded Czechoslovakia as already partitioned. French Also Suit Ihe French government ordered a halt m military preparations, indicating it would steer clear of conflict if the Czechs balked at Mussolini plarned another A K°me authority said Mussolini's " "t Trieste Sunday meant Italy OVP.H nf p German y's side in the event of a European war. Down ___ Korean girls are forbidden to speak to all except their relatives England, France LONDON, Bug.-(*)-Britain and France apparently decided over the week-end to drop resistance to all or Part of Adolf iHtler's demands in Czechoslovakia. In return they hoped to get a general European settle, ment with Germany. A brief, guarded statement issued after Prune Minister Neville Cham- berlaui and his key ministers had been m an almost continuous 12-hour conference with the French premier, Edouard Daladier, and his foreign minister Georges Bonnt, said only that they had reached a "complete agreement on a policy to be adopted "with a view to promoting a peaceful solution of the Czechoclovak question." It said the "two governments hope that thereafter it will be possible to consider a more general settlement in the interests of European peace." The statement thus indicated that the two great European democracies had decided against fighting to preserve the unity of Czechoslovakia as that country is now constituted. New Guarantee Proposed Despite official secrecy about tlie ministerial decisions it was reported that Berlin and France would seek (Continued on Pa£e Three)

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