The Courier-Journal from Louisville, Kentucky on May 8, 1953 · Page 9
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The Courier-Journal from Louisville, Kentucky · Page 9

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Louisville, Kentucky
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Friday, May 8, 1953
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Page 9
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TilK i H tl I I. i; .1 n i I; . A i, , i. () I I m V i LL L , kV. I I! i i) A i Mo KM. St, 1 i ';. 1 rmii's I ratline !i A. I i D.N II it i: i i: It S O S.n s: The Top-Spendinii Millions ol Dollars Electric Lobby Short Circuits (or Public-Power Projecls 11 Dr. Coleman Wants To Be Frankfort Mavoiv He Just Runs and Wins IU l.S Courier-Journal m. nton Frankfort Bureau .MUNKFORT, Ky.Dr. Clarence T. Coleman, the Mayor of Frankfort four terms, is never at a loss for a change of private utilities. Jensen has cooperated so closely with the power lobbyists in the past that l'urcell Smith, who draws $65,000 a year plus expenses as top influence man for N.A.K.C., has actually used the congressman's office. In 1950, when the power lobby was trying to cut Government-power appropriations, Smith was found secluded in Jensen's office, sending notes to Jensen by messenger while Jensen sat in the House Appropriations Committee deciding how much should be cut from Government funds. More recently the chopping . ' ' . v.. f " ft ' v; ft - a t i-! ? M Reynolds Metals and Kaiser Aluminum Industries. These and other private concerns have been getting cheap Government power from Bonneville dam in the Northwest and from T.V.A. in the South. Without cheap power they would be unable to make aluminum at a low-enough price to compete with Canadian aluminum, especially now that a tariff cut is likely. These three companies now have contracts for Government power which expire in the 1960's. However, Secretary of The Interior McKay proposes to sign 20-year contracts with the private utilities giving them the first call on all new power, which may leave the three big aluminum companies out on a limb. The effect may be equally serious on smaller industries built in the Northwest and the Tennessee Valley as a result of cheap power. Washington Pipeline POLAND is quietly stepping up its persecution of the Jews, a la Hitler. The Poles have set up a "Special Bureau for Registering The Polish Population of Jewish Origin," which is round DR. CLARENCE T. COLEMAN, FRANKFORT to me the Fire Department needs little engine for little fires." you manage to stand up under you?" Council by observing: "It seems a big engine for big fires, and a "Doc," he is asked, "how do all these big lies people tell on "I am by them a lot like a a boy," he replies. "He said he much as the infernal little truths pace He gets away from his duties as a doctor by attending meetings of the Kentucky Municipal League. And when he gets tired of oeing Mayor, he steps over to the hospital and delivers a few babies. As a matter ot tact, Dr. Coleman nas oeliverea 4,360 babies lnce State law compelled him to begin keeping birth records In 1911. He can't remember how many he delivered the first four years after he began practice in 1907. And thus we begin to see why the Frankfort Chamber of Commerce has scheduled an all-day celebration in honor of Dr. Coleman on Saturday, June 6, on the grounds of the old State-house. There'll be free ice cream for all the children, special prizes for Coleman "babies" who travel the farthest to attend the event, for "babies" who are the prettiest, ugliest, fattest, oldest, etc. More Than A Mere llirthday For the record, it is Dr. Coleman's 71st birthday the town wants to celebrate. But the real reasons lie deeper than a mere birthday. Actually, Dr. Coleman is anchored deeply in the affections of a great many people for a great many reasons. He is one of the few old-fashioned doctors left who will visit sick people at home, and bo cheerful about it to boot. As physician and surgeon, Dr. Coleman works every morning at Kings Daughters Hospital. In the afternoon he sees patients at his office in the Hume Building. And at night he makes his rounds of residence calls. Dr. Coleman keeps no books, sends no bills. When people meet him on the street and say, "How much do I owe you. Doc?" he'll ask what he did for them, then suggest a fee of perhaps half, sometimes a third, of what they expected to pay. "But don't get the idea," he says, "that everybody pays me. I'd say about half forget it altogether. On the other hand, you'd bo surprised at how many pay me for work I've forgotten, work that maybe I did 10 years ago." So They Finally Got Started The story is told that he and his long-suffering secretary, Mary Moore, decided to send out a few bills one day. He re membered some calls, and she had been keeping track of a few on memo pads. So they sat down and started over the list. "That fellow hasn't got a dime," Dr. Coleman said of the first one. "He needs it worse than I do," he said of the next one. They leafed on through a few more names. Then Dr. Coleman nodded and fell asleep in his chair, his secretary laid the list aside in patient resignation, and thus began and ended their first and last attempt to bill patients. And now you see why Dr. Coleman has oeen Mayor of Franktort foui times. The Mayor in this, a third-class city, cannot succeed himselt. So Di. Coleman first was elected in 1925, served four years, "laid oat" lout years, was elected again in 1933, again in 1941, and again in 1949. He's unbeatable for Mayor, or any othei office he might want in Frankfort or Franklin County. "I'm not a politician," he says, "and really don't know what business I've got being Mayor. Some fellows just came to me back in 1925 and asked me to run. That's the way it's been every time. I just run and get elected, and that's about all there is to it." The Mayor is proud of Frankfort's (and his) public-housing project. And it was he who broke a 6-to-6 tie vote of the Council to annex East Frankfort, a step that when finally completed will add some 6,000 people to the present city census of 12,000. The story is told that he once settled an argument in the lie's .1 Maine of Kenton County Dr. Coleman is a native of Kenton County, where his greatgrandfather settled as a pioneer from Virginia. He was graduated in medicine at the University of Louisville in 1907. He first prac ticed at Delaplain, in Scott County, then at Walton, in Boone County, and next at Woodlake, in Franklin County. He opened his office in Frankfort on January 1, 1913. His wife is the former Mary Cbok King of Fleming County, whom he married in 1905. They have two children, Mrs. Elizabeth Penn, Frankfort, and Dr. Robert M. Coleman, Omaha, Neb. In 1929, Dr. Coleman was elected first president of the Kentucky Municipal League. He served two years. He was elected coroner of Franklin County one term, but doesn't remember when. "What does that T. stand for in your name?" he is asked. "Nothing. It's just a blank initial," he replies. "But I sometimes tell people it stands for Trifling." W SH1(;T0N. Top-spend ing lobby group in the na tion's capital today is the National Association of Klectric Companies, which doled out S477.941 74 to influence Congress and t ho Government last year. This topped the doctors' lobby by about $170,000, though the Amciican Medical Association, by taxing every M.D. member, now ranks as the second largest lobby with a total expenditure to influence Congress last year of $309,514.93. Under the lobbying act these groups, plus private influence-wieldcrs, plus attorneys practicing before Congress, are required to register. There is nothing derogatory about such registration. The sound principle behind it is to let the public know who is spending the money to swing votes and pass appropriations. Must lie Registered Today the amount of money spent by the electric-power lobby in Washington must be publicly registered so the American people are better able to judge what's happening. However, the manner in which the lobby pulls wires is still kept about -.s secret as a classified cable in the Pen tagon, though this columnist can report some of the lobby's back stage operations The public doesn't realize it, but the utility lobby has been more successful than at any time since Hoover's day, and the Association of Electric Companies deserves credit for more than earning its pay. What the lobby has done is virtually to write the budget of the Interior Department so as to cut off $110,000,000 of funds for transmission lines, public power, and irrigation-reclamation projects. Jensen Co-operates This was accomplished by working through Congressman Ben F. Jensen of Iowa, chairman of a House-appropriations subcommittee and long-time friend of the East Kentuchj Bureau that the situation is critical and that drastic measures must be taken if the industry is to survive. Oil Curb Favored Coal operators believe that some relief could be obtained if the importation of residual oil were curbed. The problem already has been presented to Congress. Senator John Sherman Cooper of Somerset and Representative James I. Golden, Pineville, have introduced bills that would limit the permissible impprtation of foreign residual fuel oil in any calendar quarter to 5 per cent of the total domestic demand for the corresponding quarter of the previous year. Coal men point out that in six years, imports of fqreign residual oil have increased from 45,000,-000 to 129,000,000 barrels annually, and that last year's imports were equivalent to about 31,000,000 tons of coal. If this practice is allowed to continue, they foresee these leftovers from foreign refineries displacing 53,-000,000 tons of coal a year. This represents more than 10 per cent of the national coal production. Coal Men Say Imported Residual Oil Helps Cause Kentucky Mining Slump Ms .! rri -a i cousin of my father I knew as didn't mind the big lies half as people told on him." It I F F I N , Courier-Journal alleviate the condition now existing in the coal industry, the economy of the field will deteriorate further and many of the mines now operating will be forced to close down. Condition Widespread That paints the dire picture in the Big Sandy field. The situation is similar in the Hazard, Harlan and Jellico fields of Eastern Kentucky. The nonunion mines of Clay and Leslie Counties have not suf- fered as greatly from an economic standpoint because they Day lower wages to the miners. On any day in Pikeville, a crowd of miners without work can be seen awaiting their turn to collect unemployment insurance in front of the building occupied by the Kentucky Department of Economic Security. Several big mines have closed down in the last year in this area, 40 or more smaller mines have been listed as "inactive," and most of the mines now operating are retrenching. One of the largest coal companies has closed the "bin" where it purchased coal from truck mines, throwing 300 men out of work. The Henry Clay mine of the Allied Chemical and Dye Corporation, which employed 360 men, closed down several months ago. That is in Pike County. The Heaver Coal .and Mining Company and the Clear Branch Mining Company in Floyd County have laid off about 150 men each. The I'.lkhorn Coal Corporation in Floyd has laid off 192 men, and the Diamond F.lkhorn Coal Corporation, also in Floyd, has laid off 105. The Whitehouse Coal Company in Johnson County has closed down its mine, throwing 85 men out of work, because of the "high cost of operation." Management and labor agree down of the Interior Department budget with the complete acquiescence of Secretary of The Interior McKay was so brazen that Congressman H. Carl Anderson of Minnesota, himself a Republican, accused Jensen of "selling out" to the private utilities. What the power lobby, plus Secretary McKay, plus the House Appropriations Committee succeeded in doing was to reverse a policy enacted into law by another Republican President, Teddy Roosevelt, in 1906, providing that power from Government clams shall be sold with preference rights to Cities, States and other public bodies. Co-op Hates to Rise Chief immediate effect of this power-lobby victory will be to boost future rates to R.E.A. coops serving millions of farmers; also permit private utilities to purchase Government power dirt cheap without going to the expense of building the dams. Thus the taxpayer will pay for building future dams and generating the electricity, while private utilities will be able to get the profit from selling the electricity. Hitherto, the Government has kept electric rates down in cer- tain areas, such as the lennessee Valley and the Northwest by selling the power itself. Significantly the first people to kick about Secretary McKay's new power policy are not the farmers who don't know what's in store for them yet but some of the biggest companies in the U.S.A. They include: the Aluminum Corporation of America, Market 333 W. Market -c-l -r-rVfA U ' ' II I III II II lly George Clark By i. K K A L I) ( lIKEVILLE, KY.-Coal men I say that unrestricted importation of foreign residual oil the skim milk of petroleum is contributing to the disintegration of Eastern Kentucky's coal empire. It works like this: Residual oil imported from Venezuela and the nearby Dutch islands of Aruba and Curacao is making tremendous inroads and rapidly displacing coal along the Atlantic Seaboard, especially in utilities plant's. The coal thus displaced is produced in the fields of Pennsylvania, Virginia and Vest Virginia, forcing those areas into competition with Eastern Kentucky for its share of the mid-western market. And coal, even without the residual-oil threat, is a highly competitive business. Markets for Eastern Kentucky coal have been receding gradually since World War II as industry and homes have swung toward gas and oil for power and heat. Davis Sums Up The situation, as summed up by C. W. Davis, executive secretary of the Big Sandy-Elkhorn Coal Operators Association, is as follows: 1. Production in the Big Sandy-Elkhorn field for January and February, 1953, was 30 per cent less than production in January and February, 1952. 2. Several mines have closed down. 3. Hundreds of men are out of work. 4. The average running time in the field is about three clays a week. 5. Some mines are operating only one or two days a week. 6. Unless something is done to ing up the Jews and throwing thPm into labor camps in the Bialystok district . . . Secretary 0f Commerce Weeks and his un- dersecretary in charge of trans- portation, Robert Murray, have been talking over long-range pians to abolish the Interstate Commerce Commission. They say the railroads are over-regu lated, and want to take over l.C.C. functions themselves. Copyright, 195 3730 Lexington Rd. The Neighbors ! fetiricM. M3. Nm s,irf r.i, y Ik CONGRESSMAN JENSEN Friend of "private utilities i 0.6 CYcal Pay Only 317 S. 4th 428 W. 0tic " i I t-rz On This 10-Day Free Home mo I yJ mmm u mamm nam ox. "I want my daughter to finish college so she'll have something to think about while she's doing her housework." lV oNiy s Trial 0 fyQ Found The Surest Way To Win A Derby W ager: Just lalk to A Trainer About The Wrong Horse Oh, That Head! ACCORDING to scuttlebutt concerning a cafe near the Navy Yard, it exhibits bizarre trophies from foreign climes. Its prize is a head shrunken to a diameter of 5 inches by a cannibal tribe in South America. One day a sailor popped in and asked a new waitress, "Where's the head?" Well schooled in the house attractions, she gushed, "It's in a glass case just inside the main lobby. Those three ladies are looking at it now." The sailor seemed startled. "Miss," he remarked briskly, "I don't know what you mean, but I'm looking for the men's room." A COMPOSER of popular song hits, confides Joe E. Lewis, suffered a devastating experience the other night. He dreamed that Tchaikovsky and Beethoven were alive and both had good lawyers. THEY HAD previewed one of those sprawling epics at a cinema palace. One of the questions on the audience reaction card read: "Arc any cuts indicated?" A patron suggested. "How about the throats of the producer, director and so-called stars?" THE QUALITY of children's books in America has improved immeasurably in the last decade. Edith Meyer, noted child-study authority, described such a book: "It has grass and earth and familiar things on a level with the child's eyes; but it also has trcetops and wind and stars to draw his gaze upward." "IT'S REALLY quite easy to make a mountain out of a molehill," points out John Daly. "All you have to do is add some Hirt." lifunctl Cvrf "a, Weekly J THERE were plenty of reasons to bet on Dark Star in the Kentucky Derby; but one young lady had probably the strangest of all. She went to the race track on Tuesday morning before the Derby to see the horses take their morning breezes. She made the rounds of the Derby barns with the reporters and photographers at least those who could be pried away from Native Dancer's home. As they came upon Eddie Hayward, trainer of Dark Star, Jerry McNerney of The Courier-Journal asked, "Are you going to start that horse?" Eddie said, "No. If he ever even saw the gray horse, he wouldn't cat for three weeks." Another Dorse, Yet Now Jerry and Eddie were not discussing Dark Star, but rather an animal known to his intimate friends as Bimini Bay. Beyond his immediate circle, he is unknown by any name. So when our friend got home, she found many among her circle were going to the track on Derby Day. They felt sure that after her trip about the Downs during training hours, she must have a tip.. She assured them that she didn't. No one It 1 L I, L A I) 1) S IfitHiiim- had told her much of anything except what a great horse was Native Dancer. But she thought Eddie's comment was cute. "No," she told her friends, "I got no tip But I did talk to the trainer of Dark Star and he said well " "Anyway," she went on, "bet me $2 on Dark Star, please." So this is why several members of het party had ducats on the winner. After all, she HAD talked to the trainer' Even if it had been about another horse1 There's A Difference WHILE the three English actresses who play leads in "Girls of Pleasure Island" were in town the other day, they were doing a little studying, too. They had seen little of the United States bifore they started on the tour which brought them to Louisville, along with about a score of other towns. Audrey Dalton, native of Dublin, was especially interested. She sought information about Kentucky's position during our Civil War. We asked her why her interest in this phase of history. Turns out her father was a big shot in the Irish troubles of some years ago. "And don't call it the Irish Rebellion," she said. "It wasn't. A rebellion is a revolt against properly constituted authority. We never admitted that the British were the properly constituted authority. This was an uprising." In The South, Ma'am . . . We told her that in the South, the Civil War was usually referred to as "The War Between The States." Even to the point where it was at one time a "style rule" on The Courier-Journal t hat "Civil War" was always "War Between The States." Until the night when some inspired copy-reader or printer, with his feet on the desk and his mind at Churchill Downs, made a story read, "The Spanish War Between The States." We asked Dave Fricdkin, of the press staff, what in the world the movie "Girls of Pleasure Island" was about. "It is," he told us, "a very complicated plot. There is this guy who lives on an island in the Pacific, He has three teen-age daughters who have never seen a white hoy. Suddenly there land 15,000 United States Marines, headed by Don Taylor. From there, you write it yourself. "It is a very complicated plot," in' F 1804 ST. MATTHEWS-TA 2201 AM AM 2451 AM 2414

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