Pund for Arkansas Exhibit at New York Hits $55O Here Additional $35 Reported Satwday- Check Today -Send in Your Roosevelt Urges Abolition of Poll Tax for Arkansas An additional $35 In pledge.* Saturday raised Hompstoad county's total donation to the Arkansas Exhibit nt the 193D New York World's Fair to $550. ~~ <» Those who wish to contribute to the »25,000 fund which will be required to adequately represent'Arkansas at the metropolis next year should send their checks to A. H. Washburn at The Star office. Checks should be made out to the ARKANSAS CENTENNIAL, COMMISSION. C. E. Palmer, chairman of the commission, with headquarters in the War Memorial 1 building at Little Rock, is heading the drive for funds from industries, businesses and professional men all over the state. Either Arkansas will have a good exhibit «t tlio New York Fair, or none. So«d in your check now. New Donations ' New donations Saturday were: W. S. Atkins $ 10.00 E. F. McFaddln 10.00 pr. L. M. Lile 10.00 Robert M. Wilson 5,00 Previously Reported , Previously reported gifts were: City of Hope (for the municipal Water & Light Plant) $100.00 Hope Brick Co 50.00 Hope Star 50.00 Gco. W. Robison & Co. (total $100.00 for three stores). Hope store .., 50.00 Citizens National bank 25.00 First National bank , 25.00 Bruncr Ivory Handle Co 25.00 Hope Basket Co 25.00 Temple Cotton Oil Co 25.00 Union Compress & Warehouse Co 25.00 Hempstead County Lumber Co. (Ozan. Lumber Co. total $100.00), Hope store 25.00 John D. Barlow 25.00 Hope Auto Co 15.00 J. R. Williams Lumber Co 10.00 Haynes Department Store lO.ftfl Young Chevrolet Co 10.00 B. R, Hamm Motor Co 10.00 Hope Furniture Co 10.00 President Expresses His Views in Letter to Brooks Hays REFERS TO JERSEY Hits Jersey Group Seeking to. Disenfranchise Relief Clients LrtTLE ROCK—Brooks Hays, Dem, ocratic national commiUceman for Arkansas, made public Friday, night a personal letter from President Roosevelt in which the president endorsed a proposed constitutional amendment to be voted on in the Arkansas November general election to abolish the state poll tax as a requisite for vot- i?ig. He released the letter after the president In a press conference at Hyde Park expressed emphatic opposition to state poll taxes, saying they disenfranchised largo portions of the population. President Roosevelt said in his letter that he was not advising the voters of Arkansas "how to vote on this question" but added "there is no reason under the sun why I should not talk about an important general principal that applies under our constitutional form of government in every state in Die union." Text of President's Letter The letter follows: "Dear Brooks: "Thank you for your interesting letter about the proposal to repeal the Holl tax, "I think we should all remember that free sufragc has come in almost every state after a long struggle. At the time of adoption of the Federal Constitution some form of properly qualification was a prerequisite for voting—and in some states this amounted to a denial of the privilege Of voting to a large proportion of the adult male population of the state. "Gradually, through the years, state after state abolished the requirement of owning real estate or of owning an equivalent amount of some other kind of property. Then came . efforts .to restrict the A-nnqhi^ by .the imposition of poll taxes. "I am glad to know that there is such a general move in those states which still have them to repeal them altogether. They are inevitably contrary to the fundamental democracy and its representative form of government in which we believe. "The imposition of a poll tax which prevents a large number of otherwise qualified men and women from voting is not far removed from the effort of some people in the state of Maine two . years ago to prevent men and women who, through no fault of their own, were receiving relief from voting because of an old law that denied the vote lo people in poor houses. "I am, of course, not advising the voters of the state of Arkansas how " to vote on this question—but there is no reason under the sun why I should not talk about an important general principle that applies under our constitutional form of government in every stale in the union." "Very sincerely yours, "Franklin D. Roosevelt." "Negro Vote Not Involved." The president elaborated upon these comments during the press conference at (Hyde Park. Mr. Roosevelt told his press conference poll taxes apparently wore the outgrowth of requirements during the post-revolutionary war period that citizens own property before they could vote. Discussing the poll tax situation, the president made reference to his letter to Mr. Hays. He asserted his views did not pertain particularly to any one state. In some states, he added, a good many citizens still are denied the right to vole because Ihey can nol pay poll taxes. Many states have been gelling away from Ihe poll lax, Ihe chief execulivc continued. He said thai Virginia, for instance, has a high poll tax which disqualified one-third of the qualified white voters of the state. The president said the qucstion*of poll laxes has nothing to do with the question of negroes voting. The latter problem, he asserted, should be considered separately. The imposition of poll taxes, the president said, is in the same catc- E"ry as a movement he said had been launched by ladies in New Jersey to keep those on the relief rolls from voting. The president told reporters they could put the word "ladies" in quo lull on marks. If carried to its logical conclusion, Mr. Roosevelt continued, the poll tax requirement might be changed to require a person lo have a college degree-before voting. Prcwitt Pleased Roy Prewitt, director of the Voters Campaign Committee, an organization which is working for repeal of the ix>l] Total $550.00 SoftbafpTayoff to Begin Monday Bruner-Ivory vs. CCC Camp, and Robison vs. Williams Opening round of the Softball playoff will begin Monday night at 7:30. Bruner-Ivory meets CCC camp in the first game; and Gco. W. Robison Co. meets Williams in the second game at 8:30. The Hopc£aftball Commission ruled Saturday that no new players could be added to any of the four teams. This ruling was meant to cover any "free agent" or a player recruited from any of the teams nol playing in Ihe playoff scries. Obstacles Face American in Spain Tinker, of Arkansas, May Not Get Back to the Fighting WASHINGTON.—(/P)—Informed persons here said that Frank J. Tinkei Jr., Arkansas aviator, must surmount at least three legal obstacles if he makes a nonstop airplane flight to Spain to fight in the loyalist army They said these three steps would be necessary: A passport frctm the Stale Department. Approval of such an airplane High by the Commerce Department. A permit from the Munitions Control Board for export of airplanes (unless he immediately brings the planes back to the United Slates.) Tinker, aflcr a vacation from fighting with the loyalist air force, appliec at the Stale Department about three months ago for a passport to leave this country. The passport was not forthcoming. , *« Star WEATHER. Arkansas—Partly cloudy Saturday nighi and Sunday; local xhbwcrs in extreme south portion Sunday. VOLUME 39—NUMBER 287 HOPE, ARKANSAS. SATURDAY. SEPTEMBER 10,1938 PRICE) 5c COPY HOPE WINS Candidate Is Shot and Wounded in Louisiana Ambush Politics Blamed by Opponent of Governor Leche's Machine 'PUBLICITY/* LECHE Governor Flouts Story Told by Morrison, Congress Candidate NEW ORLEANS. — W) — James H. Morrison, candidate for congress in next Tuesday's Democratic primary in the Sixth Louisiana district, was shot mcl wounded early Saturday in the left arm by an unidentified assailant at a summer camp seven miles east of Hammond. Morrison was brought here to the Touro infirmary where physicians said he had a .32 calibre bullet wound in the upper arm. Morrison said he was ambushed while driving up lo Hie camp along a dirt road in a densely wooded section, in company with Preston Dclcazcl, campaign assistant. The candidate, who lias been carrying on an energetic and fiery campaign aginst Ihe rcnomination of Dr. J. K. Griffith, candidate of Governor Richard W. Leche's state administration, was detained at the hospital for observation. Morrison said he would resume his speaking Saturday night "if it kills me." He is scheduled to conclude his campaign Saulrday night with a rally and parade in Hammond, his home city. Morrison said the shooting was a "political ambush." In 'Shreveporl, Governor Lcche described it as a "cheap publicity stunt," How a Flour Salesman Talked Mis Way Into Heart of Texas UfiHT CRU DOUGHBOYS o Training School Here for Scouts To Be Held at High School Gym Monday Through Thursday Hope Boy Scout leaders have been busy this week completing preparations for a Boy Seoul Training School to be hold at the high school gymnasium Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday nights of next week. A committee consisting of the Rev. V. A. Hammond, Pat Duffie, Rufus Herndon, Jr., George Ware and Rev. Thomas Brewster have had charge of the enrollment for the school and report that approximately 50 business men of the cily and a group of older Scouts havo been contacted. It is hoped thai the attendance will pass the fifty mark. Scout Executive Joe Clements, of the Cacldo Council, Boy Scouts of America, of which Hope is a part, will conduct Ihe training course. The nightly classes will begin al 7:30 in Ihe high school gymnasium. Certificates will be awarded those, who complete the course. Leaden; from Hope's three active Scout Troops and from the various churches and civic organizations of Iho cily are being urged to attend. _On the stage, radio, and at conventions, O'Daniel's Llfcht Crust Doughboys, took Texas by storm; While the band played hillbilly music, O'Daniel sang and praised his flour, Strasbourg Calm as French and German Troops Surround City (Continued on Page Three) How much more spa.cc does 6 dozen dozen gallons of water occupy than one-half a dozen dozen gallons of sand? Answer on Classified Page By MJLTON UHONNER NEA Service Staff Correspondent STRASBOURG—Like two monstrous freight trains loaded with dynamite moving toward a collision are the great German and French war machines as they roll toward each other to their respective Rhine border strongholds—the French Maginot line and the new and still uncompleted German Siegfried line which opposes it. Germany pours thousands of men into her steel and concrete forts. France matches her moves in the chess game of international intimidation. Europe, fearful bystander, watches with eyes centered on the unexciting- looking bridge thai links French Slras- bourg to German Kehl, where Chancellor Hitler recently swooped down for a surprise visit. It is an ordinary vehicular and pedestrian bridge over the Rhine. Strasbourg proper is not on the Rhine, but its extensive suburbs are. The Rhine here serves as the frontier between Germany and that part of France formerly known as Alsace. About two years ago, when Hitler tore up tine Versailles Treaty clause which forbade German troops in the Rhine region, he marched liis regiments into barracks all along that famous stream. My photographer took a picture of the only busy bridge between Strasbourg and Kehl. There was not a soul on the structure. Mujflnol LJue Extended The other day 1 strolled out there. Nearby, on the French side, were visible several ficldgray mushroom-like bumps. They arc part of the famous Maginot Line of fortifications which the French construct^ I at a cost of two billion dollars. Originally the line extended from the Swiss frontier to the Belgian. Now the French have extended il to cover the Swiss and Belgian frontiers also, lest the Germans attempt to flank the Maginot Line by crashing through cither Belgium o'r Switzerland. At the entrance to the Rrine bridge itself I was stopped by a courteous French army officer. There were French soldiers all around. At Ihe entrance lo the bridge there was a field-gray metal contraption. Maybe it contains guns. Maybe il is a device to blow up the bridge. No questions were asked. None was allowed. The French officer told me nobody is allowed to set foot on the bridge Germany-ward unless he lias ;\ passport with a French visa'to allow him to leave French territory and a German visa to allow him to enter German territory. The French are not keen to have spies mooching about. The Germans are so busy fortifying their side of the Rhine that they don't want any witnesses. So—as the photographer found it two years ago—again Ihis day 1 found the bridge absolutely empty of traffic. It is known that the Nazis are forti- (Continued on Page Three) One of O'Daniel's best assets has been his family. Here he is with his wife and children just before they left New Orleans in 1925 for the state he soon will govern, * Railroads to Cut Wages October 1 Strike-Vote Being Taken by Men—Showdown by December 1 CHICAGO.—l/P)—The nation's major railroads served notice Friday night Iliat. a 15 per tent cut for llier 929,000 employes would go into effect at 12:01 a. m. 'Saturday, October 1. The workers, who refused to accept Iho reduction in a .series of conferences, arc taking a nation-wide strike vote. The results of the referendum probably will be announced here on September 25. "The refusal of the employes to agree to a wage reduction in negotiation or mediation proceedings and their rejection of arbitration leave the railroads now with but one method of reducing wages under the law—lo make the reduction effective, "the carriers Joint Conference Committee announced in a formal statement. "This will be done at the earliest date permitted by the law." The "earliest date" in this case is one minute after midnight on October 1 since the Railway Labor Act stipu- lales no change in pay rates can be made for 30 days after the termination of mediation hearings. The National Mediation Board's attempt to settle the dispute ended August 31. Under the law several stops could be taken to forestall a wage cut and a walkout until December 1, at least. If and when the 19 brotherhoods set a dale for a strike, President Roosevelt could name a tact-finding commission which would huve 30 days to make its report. The green phalanger of Australia is the only animal known tn have green fur. A Thought The ancient hieroglyphic for God was the figure of an eye upon a scepter, to denote that he sees and rules all things.—Barker. MIND Tour MANNERS T. M. Reg. U.-S. Pat. Oft Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. May one have a telephone number engraved on a visiting ca rd '! 2. Arc showers for prospective brides in good taste? 3. Should n luncheon guest stay all afternoon, if the hostess hasn't mentioned anything but lunch? 5. Should a luncheon guest arrive five to ten minutes before the hour scl for Ihe meal? What would you do if— You arc introducing your sister's husband— (at Say "This is my brother"? (b) Say "This is my brother-in- law, Mr. James"? (c) Say "This is Mr. James?" 1. No. But it is correct to have an address engraved on a visiting card. 2. Yes. if not given by relatives of the bride or groom. 3. No. 4. Certainly. 5. Yes. Best "What Would You Do" solution—-'^." (The only time Iho lasl name of a relative is used in an introduction is when the name is differenl from your own.' (Copyright 1938, NEA Service, Inc.) Musicians, Out of Job, Put O'Daniel at Head of State Radio Program Success by 1930--0'Dariiel Becomes "Announcer" THE LETTERS COME His Philosophy, With Mu• sic, Strikes Heart of People An amazing man on the political trapeze is W. Lcc O'Daniel, "next governor of Texas and potential, presidential threat. This is the second of three articles tracing his meteoric career. Father of Mrs, J. R. Williams Dies at 73 Henry Hollinsworth o£ Beardcn, died at his home in that city Thursday night. Father of Mrs. J. R. Williams of this city, who was at his bedside when he passed, Mr. Hollinsworth was 73 years old, a native of Arkansas who had lived in and near Bearden for 40 years. He represented his district seven times as state representative and twice as senator. He is survived by five daughters: Mrs. Eula Chambers of Malvern, Mrs. Dossie Reed of Houston, Texas., Mrs. Edmond Saunders of Bearden, Mrs. J. R, Williams of Hope, and Mrs. Addie Davidson of Camden; and seven sons, Bert of Mississippi, Jim of New Mexico, Roy of Fulton, Ark., Tiller of Hope, Ab of Sheridan, Ted and Quinney of Bearden. Funeral services were held at First Methodist church in Bearden Friday afternoon. By C. L. DOUGLAS and FRANCIS MILLER NEA Service Special Correspondents HOUSTON, Texas—The war-time epidemic of influenza in 1918 almost cheated Texas of a future governor. In Kingman, Kan., Wilbert Lee O'Daniel and his wife, who were imminently expecting their first baby, Is Given Judgment by Circuit Court for County Seat! Judge Bush Finds Final Margin of Victory Is " 119 Votes Goering Beats the Big Drum of War Openly Mentions Czechoslovakia—Would Annex Sudeten Area NURNBERG, Germany. — (fP) — Air Minister Hermann Wilhelm Goering praised Germany's air force as the besl in the world Saturday as Nazi spokesman declared Adolf Hitler now would demand nothing less than outright annexation of Chechoslovakia's Sudeten Germans. The air minister in a 90-minute speech pounded war into the consciousness of his 25,000 hearers of the Labor Front at the Nazi party congress T with references to Germany's air might, her strong fortifications, and her ability to withstand blockade even "if it lasted 30 years." • -Germany, he «doclarea,- was'»in.vin.->' cible, and Czechoslovakia was not a cultured state. He was the first convention speaker to directly refer to Czechoslovakia. His hearers cheered themselves hoarse. Goering's speech followed one made by Chaneelor Hitler to 60,000 Hitler Youth, to whom he reiterated assertions that "Germany will stand united, come what may." , GRAVES TO CAPITAL Mayor Le a v i n g Sunday '. Night to Combat PWA ^ Grant Threat ;" > Hope won the Hempstead county-', seat election contest at 5:15 o'clock'; Friday afternoon when Circuit Judge 1 ' Dexter Bush handed down a decision • sustaining Hope's motion for judgment. .••"• * ' Mayor Albert Graves expects to leave Sunday night for Washington, D. C., , to petition the federal Public Works administration (PWA) for an extension of ,the federal agency's deadline of October 1 for the holding of bond elections. While the election contest has been under' way since August 22 .local officials have sensed a growing danger that federal insistence on disposal of the proposed courthouse bond election by October 1 would threaten As president of the Fort Worth Chamber of Commerce one of O'Daniel's biggest feats was helping obtain the $1,250,000 Public Health Service Hospital for the city. Here he signs the deed transferring title to the hospital site. were stricken at once. Both recovered, but Mrs. O'Daniel was barely convalescent when the boy was born, December 4, 1918. Ihey called him Pat, just as they had always planned, and when Mike and Molly came along later, they, too. bore the names O'Daniel hod planned For them oven when he was himself a mere boy. When the war boom collapsed, tlie Independent Mills collapsed with it, but at the time of the collapse, O'Daniel had already begun working for another flour mill in Kansas City. Expansion of this business led the O'Daniels to move to New Orleans, from which the large export business was conducted. Sales Genius Becomes Evident But again O'Daniel moved on to larger fields. Offered a job as sales manager for the Burrus Mill and Elevator in Fort Worth, O'Daniel took it up, and in 1925 there moved to Texas the family that was to become the stale's first family. II was about this lime that O'Daniel dropped the name Wilbert, which he never liked, and became W. Lee O'Daniel. As sales head, his genius came to the fore, and before long sales of has flour were up 250 per cent. Then came the idea which led t o the unsuspected goal of politics. A group of jobless musicians came to O'Daniel with an idea for a radio program advertising his flour. The idea was to intersperse hillbilly and other favored sentimental songs with blurbs about his flour, which O'Daniel would write personally. People liked it, and by 1930 the program was a Texas fixture. It wa.s not until 1932, when the announcer for the flour program had to relinquish his duties, that O'Daniel personally took to the air, announcing his own program. • He mixed homespun philosophy into the batter of his biscuit advertising, i 'id soon the let- British Cautious LONDON, Eng.—OT—Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, in the midst of conferences with cabinet ministers, opposition leaders and critics from his own party, moved brusquely Saturday to que],l the welter of excited speculation over what Britain is going to do to "stop Hitler." The official statement from No. 10 Downing street said: "In view of the statements 'which have appeared in the last day or so regarding reported decisions of the ministers, it can be stated authoritatively that no such statement should be regarded as authentic." Mayor Albert Graves received a telegram from the Fort ' Worth regional office of the Public Works Administration (WPA) at noon Saturday advising -him that Hope's" ?25,000 fire station project had been approved by the regional officials and forwarded to Washington, D. C. The mayor recently appeared before the regional officers_at Fort' Worth in behalf'of the local project.- which would be" supported by a P.WA grant of 45 per cent (Continued on Page Three) A Qrswe Crisis LONDON, Eng.—Ihe Daily Mail said Friday that the British government has decided to tell Germany "in precise and formal terms" Great Britain wV>uld nol stand aside if Czechoslovakia were attacked. The newspaper said a diplomatic note to this effect would be delivered by Sir Nevile Henderson, British ambassador to Berlin, "probably to Adolf Hitler, himself," within the next few hours at Nurnberg. Sir Nevile postponed his scheduled departure from Nurnberg Thursday night which the Daily Mail said was done on instructions from the prime minister. (In Nurnberg, it was said the British government Was keeping Sir Nevile there to urge the gravity of the international situation on the German government) The Daily Mail's report followed within a few hours adoption by the British admiralty of some virtual war. time precautions. The government's decision to take a firmer stand with Germany. Die newspaper said, was reached "after many hours consultation" between Prime Minister Chamberlain, Foreign Minister Viscount Halifax, Sir John Simon, chancellor of the exchequer: Sir Robert Vansittart, chief diplomatic adviser to the government and Sir Alexander Codogan. permanent undersecretary of foreign affairs. Their action was hastened, because of "information reaching Whitehall street Thursday." Winston Churchill, veteran of many a cabinet and many a crisis, arranged to call on the prime minister Friday for what was described in a reliable quarter as a "most important conference." The lory anti-Nazi, this source said, will tell the prime minister "without any possibility of misunderstanding what several influential Americans think ought to be done to help Checo- slovakia." The Americans, it was said, were not connected with the United States Embassy, Admiralty ordered full crew complements aboard the first minesweeping ilotilla composed of seven ships and federal aid oh the new courthouse,^! The PWA insists the boAd issue mustJif be v^oted on by October 1 in order to' r participate in the present spending-,, lending program—but under Arkansas'^! law the county may not legally votes! on the question before- the November *'• 8 general election.' Arkansas law for-i bids calling a special election within # I a year of the date of a general elec- ".<| tion. 5 Projects Threatened Five Arkansas projects, including courtehouses at Hope anc, at Newport, are threatened; and a similar situation exists in Colorado, where elections may nol be held prior to the general '• j election in November. •The federal PWA, however, insists the October 1 deadline is necessary in order to get all construction started by January 1—contending that should ' a bond issue be defeated at the November 8 election there wouldn't be time to transfer funds to another project. Unless (lie PWA makes an exception in the case of Hempstead and similarly-situated projects, the November 8 election would find the people voting for a project, with this year's funds already allocated—and depending, therefore, on funds still to be appropriated by the next congress. Hope Wins Contest In concluding the election contest Friday afternoon Circuit Judge Bush ruled that of 509 votes questioned by Washington, 173 were good and valid votes—leaving Hope's net loss 336, Tliis reduced Hope's final total to 1,704—or 119 more than the required 1,585 (a majority of last year's poll tax book, which total was 3,169). Judge Bush found that 118 of the challenged voters had assessed their poll taxes personally, but permitted them to be paid by someone else; and 55 had paid their taxes personally after having them assessed by someone else, The judge ruled that where the taxpayer had personally done one or th§ other he or she was eligible to vote. After sustaining these 173 votes,. Hope attorneys did not go into the eligibility of the remaining 336 challenged votes—since Hope already had a winning margin of 119. The victory ended a contest thct began immediately after the countv • •• seat election June 11, and which haJ been on trial in circuit court at Hopq city hall since Monday, August 22. Attorneys for Hope were: Graves & Graves, E. F. McFaddin, Steve Carrigan, Roycc Weisenberger and Lawson Glover, aided by Talbot Feild, Jr. Attorneys for Washington were: \ George Steele, of Nashville, and P^t; Casey, of Hope. Since Hope's victory in the June 11 election all trials have been held in temporary quarters at Hops city hall, wiih the permanent records remaining at the courthouse in Washington pend* ing the obtaining of fire-proof quartr ers in Hope. (Continued on Page Three) Cotton NEW ORLEANS.—(yPI-Ottober cot, ton opened Saturday at 8.08 and clos? ed at 8.03. Spol colton closed steady two points lower, midcUtng 7.98.
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