Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on September 5, 1938 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Monday, September 5, 1938
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Star Newsboy Earns Interest: Instead of Waiving to Pay It R. W. Muldrow., Jr., Longest-Term Newsboy, Leaves for College to Study to Be a Doctor R. W. Muldrow, Jr., 18-year-old Hope High School graduate and Hope Star carrier boy, left Sunday for Bivlcsville where he will enroll ns n student in Arkansas college. Muldrow will study medicine. He in the son of Mr. and Mrs. II. W. Muldrow, Sr., 515 North Hcrvey street. Mexico, Pointing to U. S. Seizure of Gold, Ignores Debt Again Rejects Hull's Warning on the Confiscation of Land MEXICANS DEFIANT "Little Power" Claims Right to Do Things "Big One" Docs WASHINGTON.- dV) —The Mexican government, unmoved by Secretary Hull's strong note of August 22. refused Sunday to set up a sinking fund fund to pay for American-owned land seized under its argrarinn laws. It likewise declined to promise that it would cease .seizures of such lands pending arrangements for prompt payment. In n nole to Mr. Hull, Mexico said that while il did not repudiate eventual compensation in theory, there was precedent internatioally for doing so. The not referred to abandonment of the gold slandrd nd devaluation ol currency in some countries. Withoul mentioning that the United States WHS among the nations which had taken $3.20. such steps, it said these measures had been described as "confiscation pure and simple." Marked impatience characterized the reaction of high officials here. It was said they felt the nole left the whole trade, financial and business relations between the Iwo countries in a chaotic condition. Precedent Involved American claims :•.. question under Ihe agrarian laws arc slightly more than $10,000.000 but any agreement reached in Ihe current discussions might set a precedent affecting much larger claims for seized oil properties. Il was believed widely that Mexico's stand practically eliminated any possibility that the United Stales would resume purchasing a fixed amount of Mexican silver each month, a practice stopped son after the oil seizures last February. One point of Mr. Hull's recent proposal, that a joint commission be established lo arbitrate differences of opinion on values of seized American land, was accepted by Mexico. But officials here were said lo feel that this partial acceptance was unsatisfactory without definite arrangements to pay for land taken. In his note of August 22, Secretary Hull tolok the position that under.all recognized international law and practices Mexico had no right to seize Ameican-owncd lands withoul arrangements for compensation. Mexican Note Defiant Foreign Minister Eduardo Hay plied: "My fiovcrnmcnl must expropriate all the lands that may be necessary under their complete rediclribulion as | is ordered by the constitution and | agrarian code of Mexico which cstab- j lish Ihe duly in indemnifying Ihe owner of lands lakcn, allhough the indcm- nifcalion may have to be postponed. "Numerous nations, in reorganizing Iheii' economy have been under the necessity of modifying their legislation in such manner that the expropriation of individual interests nevertheless docs not call for immediate compensation and, in many cases, nut even subsequent compensation." "There are numerous examples of nations whose cullural progress is beyond discussion, which have seen themselves obliged, without repudiating Ihe right of properly in Ihe abstract, to issue laws which have signified expropriation without immediate payment and sometimes withoul later compensation. Gold Sei/.m-es filed "Countries might IKS mentioned which, under pressure of reasons considered to be of public necessity, have forced private individuals to exchange their gold and gold certificates for money which has already been depdc- ciated, in- which was dcprccialcd immediately afterward. "Those countries have also been under necessity to require private persons, without distinguishing between nationals and foreigners, lo receive ii payment of obligations, which hud been contracted in gold the already depreciated currency "f Ihe country. Because expropriation was indirect it was none the less effective » * " the courts of the various countries justi- The youngster snid "goodbye" to the Star's office force where he has worked for the past four years as a currier. Before lenving he drew a check for $23.70, of which $3.70 was interest accumulated over the four-year period he has l>eon employed by the newspaper. The $20 represented bond posted at 50 cents per week over a period of 40 weeks—which all newsboys are required to do. Muldrow first became a carried when he was small, skinny, M-year-old "cotton head." He said: "The past four years hits taught me n lot of things. Il hns taught me to meet the public. I loomed to manage my own affairs, and bought all of my clothes from my savings. "When I first started out I was timid. I hated to ask my customers for my own money. After several months of work, I gained some self-confidence and control. I then could walk up and ask for my pay without hesitancy. "I quit my route with a clean slate. No one owed me a pcnney. I want to thiink all my friends and customers. They have been good to me." The Star's newsboys make their own bonds, putting aside 50 cents a week until they have deposited $20 with the management. Once the total of $20 is reached the company sets up fi per cent interest, which is paid the boy when he cashes out his bond. Prior to the consolidation of the Evening Star and Ihe morning Daily Press in 1929 local newsboys were paid $1.60 a week "flat." Today they are required to earn a minimum of $3 a week on commission, and the average is about Hope Star WEATHER. Arkansas — Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday. VOLUME 39—NUMBER 282 HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1938 PRICE 6c COPY FULTON MAN Claude Mann, 60, Regional Head of Hope'sWPA, Dies Succumbs to Stroke Sunday Night at Home in Malvern VETERAN PUBLISHER There arc 15 carries in Hope, one in Emmet, and four in Prescott, all of them being independent "little merchants." Owned Malvern Meteor- Journal, Past President Press Association Claude Mann, (iO, field supervisor of Region Two of the Works Progress Ad- ministralidn <WPA). with headquarters in Hope, died at his home in Malvern following a stroke Sunday night Mr. Mann, a veteran Arkansas pub- lusher and public figures for many years, was chief executive over the three areas comprising Region T with offices in Hope, Cnrndon am: Monticcllo. When the W7'A was first set up Mr. Mann moved to Hope as administrative head, and remained here except for a .short pc'riod when the executive office was transferred tc Camdcn. It was returned to Hope .some time ago. Mr. Mann will be buried at 10 o'clock Tuesday morning, with service.' from the family home at Malvern The WPA offices will be closed Tucs day while the local staff attends the funeral. Mr. Mann is survived by his widow three daughters, Mrs. Glenn Teeter Mrs. Clifton Bridget- and Mrs. J. W Mason, all of Malvern; and two brothers, Will Mann of New York City, a Pet Parade to Be at 3:45 Tuesday Will Start From First Baptist Church—Under 12, Eligible Youngsters who wish to get in the Kiddie and Pet Parade downtown Tuesday afternoon must meet at the First Baptist church corner, Third and Main streets, in advanceof the parade. The parade will begin at 3:45 o'.clock, and will cover the downtown streets, rizes arc as follows: First $5; second S2.50. The Hope High School Band will lead the parade. The contest is open to anyone undc IE years of age and having a pet, either a dog, cat, goat, etc. The parade is a feature of Watermelon week, which is being sponsored by the Young Business Men's association. A carload of hairy vetch conlainin All during this week the citizens will j B0 ' 0()(l P' nlnd - s . sponsored by the Hemp ballot at the Miller Amusement Shows ' stoad County Farm Bureau, will b (Continued on Page Three) Carload of Hairy Vetch Is Due Here Price of $8.30 Per Hun drecl—Half of Carload Already Is Sold for the football queen who will preside at the opening home game, between Hope and Clarksvillc September 2:i. A ballot box has been placed at the show grounds, sponsored by the YBMA, just wesl of Hope Auto company's pant. The five candidates for football queen, . nominated by the football squad, arc: Misses Mary Ann Lile, Jenny Sue Moore, Nancy Fay Williams, Marian Smith and Mary Catherine Brunei-. unloaded at Hope, Tuesday. This vetch will be sold lo the farmers at $8.30 per hundred pounds including the innoculalion. Approximately ,'iOOflfl pounds of the car has already been spoken fur. Farmers who expect to plant hairy vetch should call al Ihe county agent's office and place their orders immediately. Orders will be taken through the month of September at the price of $8.30 per hundred pounds, since the farm bureau has booked a second car to arrive in Hope September 25. Vew Farm Plan to Be Topic of Series of Nevada Rallies Kickoff Meeting at Prescott Saturday Arouses Much Interest ASK 5-BALE QU9TA Meeting at Button Monday, Bodcaw Tuesday, Rosston Wednesday Work of organizing local units of he newly-formed Cotton FarmersJ Minimum Income Association, Inc., is o be pushed in Nevada county this week with nightly meetings in var- ou.s communities, it was announced icre Monday. The climax of the week's work in this section of the state will be reached n Hope at a Saturday afternoon meet- ng, hour and place to be announced atcr when Dr. M. F. Dickinson oi Utlle Rock, Joe Morrison of Stuttgart and Robert J. Lambert of Conway. Arkansas incorporators of the association, will appear on a program of speeches in which the purposes o: the organization will be explained to farmers of Hompstcad county. The "kick-off meeting" for this section was held at Prcscotl Saturday. Approximately 500 farmers heard Dr. Dickinson, former member of the board of directors of the Federal Land Bank of St. Louis, Morrison, past Arkansas American Legion commander, i:nd Lambert, newspaperman, explain hew the organization expects to raise the income of southern cotton growers by obtaining enactment of a law guaranteeing goverment payment, to each cotton-growing family, of the difference between the world cotton price and full parity price, of 16 cents & pound, on all cotton up to and including I'ive bales of cotton to the family. Much Interest Shown At the Prescott meeting, it was said, many Nevada county farmers asked that organization meetings be held in their respective communities at once, in order that petitions for the proposed law may be properly prepared for presentation to congress at its regular session next winter. Lambert and others will work in Nevada county this week, he said, with the following announced itinerary: Button, Monday night. Bodcaw, Tuesday night. Rosston, Wednesday night. Ciilc, Thursday night. Boughton, Friday night. All meetings will begin at 8 o'clock, p. m., or as soon after dark as the farmers can assembly. O Death Misses Its Mark in Fire Sudeten Germans Taken From Bohemia by the Czechs in '18 Here Is History of Sudeten Minority, for Whom Hitler Threatens War on Czechoslovakia NEW YORK..—(/|'i—The Sudenten Germans of Czechoslovakia, for wln.se "protection" many in Europe fear Adolf Hitler may resort to armed force, never have been a part of the modern German state. Otto Gamble, 35, Critically Hurt as Theft Suspect Night Watchman Arnold Shoots Him After Series of Robberies WHITE &~CO. STORE Bullets Fired at Fleeing Figure Night Before, But Missed Him Otto Gamble, aged between 30 and 35, was believed mortally wounded about midnight Sunday night in the climax of a series of store thefts at Fulton. Gamble was shot by Robert Arnold, town night watchman, behind the White & Co. store. The bullet went through Gamble's back and emerged from his stomach. He was brought to Julia Chester hospital in a critical condition. There has been a series of thefts at Fulton last week the night watchman shooting at a fleeing figure behind the Paxton store on Saturday night—but missing him. Shots on Sunday night brought down Gamble. According to reports in Fulton, Gamble lived alone in the woods, going bare-footed and wearing heavy, whiskers. Dramatic picture of danger encountered in the line of duty is the photp above of a fireman fleeing for his life just as a fire-damaged wall topples into the street. The picture was taken during- a spectacular three-alarm fire in a wool-and-rag warehouse in New York's East Side. Water soaked bales of wool expanded till their pressure burst out the front of the building. A veteran fire-chief, sensing the danger, warned his men out of the building a few minutes before the collapse. One fireman wai injured. Five hundred families were forced to flee from surrounding buildings. French Reserves Sent to Trenches No Special Alarm, • Bui- France Matches Nazis, Move for Move But neither have they been willing®" citizens of the Czechoslovak republic, to which the World war settlement allotted them. Restive ever since that settlement, their claims have come to be Europe's greatest anxiety since Hitler and his Sudeten lieutenant, Konrad licnlcin, rose lo power. The Sudeten Germans assert nearly all the 3.500,000 .German-speaking citizens of Czechoslovakia follow their banners. They arc a Germanic people who have lived for centuries around the horseshoe which now is the German-Czechoslovak border land. Both Germans and Czechs assert they were there first. Germanys say they came even before the Slavic migrations of the Fifth and Sixth centuries; Czech;; fied them, in view precisely of a su- say the Germans came merely us col- perior order and of the public interest which inspired the said measures and Ihe necessit yof maintaining the equi- (Conlinued on Page Three) A certain farmer who drove to the city regularly with a load of produce found thai his speed was always ubuut the isame on every trip. He averaged 3D miles an hour on the drive to town, witli a loaded truck, and on the return journey with an empty one he averaged 40 milco aj) hour. What was his average speed for the round trip? Answer on Classified 1'ajje . onisls. Part of Belicmia The Sudeten region was in the ancient kingdom of Bohemia and ut the outbreak of the World war Bohemia was a parl of the Austro-Hungarian empire. The wa rprovided the Czechs with an opportunity to attain independence after being a subject people for nearly 300 years. The republic was proclaimed in the United Stales in 1918 by Czech and Slovak exiles working together. In October of that year Czechs and Slovaks in Europe severed relations with Austria and Hungary and the frontiers of the new state were fixed by the peace treaties of St. Germain, Versailles and Trianon. Al the peace conferences the Czechs and Slovaks claimed the "historic /ron tiers of tlie Bohemian crown"—Bohemia, Moravia and Austrian Silesia. The conference granted the claim for .strat- eglc and economic reasons. Mountain Barrier For .strategic reasons the boundary was fixed at the Sudeten mountains in the north and the Ores mountains on the south, two salves of today's lir.rscslioe. The conferees thought this mountain barrier necessary for protection against invasion. An economic cmisidcralion was that in the Sudeten German region were rich industries the statesmen al Versailles felt necessary for the new country's existence. The Germans of Ihe region unsuccessfully tried to attach themselves to the new Austrian republic—now part of Germanay--protesting ng;i they termed a violation "of the Wil- sonian principle of self-determination." They demanded a plebiscite or submission of the mailer to international arbitration, bul the conference turned them down. The conference did require the new state promise "lo protect the interests of inhabitants of that state 1 (Czechoslovakia) who difforu from the 1 majority of the population in race, language, or religion. Promised Eijuul Rights The Germans did not purlicipale in the drawing up of the new state's constitution in l'J20. The constitution promised equal civic and political rights, liberty and respect of religious confession, and freedom of the pre.ss and public assembly. It further guaranteed minorities complete liberl.x in use of their own language in private and business concerns and equal cultural and educational rights. Since then the Sudeutvu Germans Prescott Meeting PRESCOTT, Ark.—Dr. M. F. Dickinson of Little Rock, Joe Morrison of Stuttgart and Robert J. Lambert of Con way addressed 500 Nevada county cotton farmers here Saturday explaining purposes of their new organization styled the Cotton Farmers Minimum Income Association, Inc. Vol- unlecr.s from each rural district agreed to circulate petitions for organziation of local units in this county next week. Dr. Dickinson said that articles of incorporation will be filed with Circuit Court in Liltlc Rock Monday. Incorporators will be Dr. Dickinson, Joe Morrison, attorneys of Stuttgart and Robert J. Lambert, a newspaper man. "It is not the purpose of this organization to lieplacc or compete in any way with the three big farm organizations now in the state," Dr. Dickinson said. He said the new organization expects to enlist the support of the three major farm organizations. He said the purpose is lo make a fight in the coming session of congress for a guarantee of parity or about 16 cents a j.ound on five bales of cotton for each farm family growing cotlon. He believes this will be equivalent lo approximately the American consumption of cotton. He said this method of approach tor the domestic allotment plan will eliminate all the red tape necessary in the Kidnaped Woman Is Home in Safety No Ransom Paid for Mrs. Meeks, Whom Kidnaper Pair Released MARYSVILLE, Calif. —WV- Mrs. William R. Meeks, 55, was under the care of a physician Monday after having been held captive 56 hours by kidnapers who kept her blindfolded and threatened continually to kill her, while bedded down on a hillside covered with poison oak growths. Dr. P. B. Hoffman, the Meeks family physician, said she was dangerously near pneumonia. The manhunt which had been called off Friday night to allow Meeks an opportunity to contact the kidnapers was resumed Monday under the direction of stale and county officers. "We have an idea who the kidnapers are," Captain E. W. Personius, of the state highway patrol investigation bureau, s;iid. "There arc probably three of them If they arc Ihe persons we think they are, they are itinerant workers, and the job wasn't planned—it was on the ;;pur of the moment." Motion Pictures at First Baptist Southern Baptist Seminary Program on Screen 8 p. m. Monday The Rev. W. R. Hamilton, pastor of First Bautist church, announces a special motion piclurc program at his church on Monday night at. 8 o'clock. This program will feature the life and work of the Southern Baptist Thelogi- cal Seminary of Louisville, Ky. The (Continued on Page Three) (Continued on Page Three? Ralpirfadden^of Telephone Co.. Dies Succumbs at Age 31, Following Appendicitis Operation Here Ralph Madden, 31. cmyloye of Southwestern Bell Telephone company for the pasl nine years died about 9:25 Sunday night in the Julia Chester hospital. Madden underwent an emergency appendicitis operation last Tuesday, August 30. His body will be senl Monday night to his former home in Milwaukee, Wis., for burial. He is survived by his widow and one sun, 7 months old. Victim Is Released MARYSV1LLE, Cal.—W)—Mrs. William R. Mecks, 55, returned home distraught and hungry Sunday after a 56- hour kidnaping ordeal and Justice Department agents began a hunt for Ihe two men who assertedly seized her for $15,000 ransom. Bert Foster, a trucking contractor, came upon Mrs. Mecks walking along a road about 13 miles from her ranch home. Foster told friends she inquired the way to Sheridan and thai he took her home. He said she appeared nervous bul expressed Ihe opinion that she had not been harmed. District AtUorncy Loycl Hewitt, acting as spokesman for the family, announced the return and said thai no ransom money had been paid. He also said no ransom or extortion notes or lellers had been received. Chief E. Raymond Calo of Ihe slale highway patrol quoted Mrs. Mecks as saying she had nol been mislrealed bul had been forced lo lie in a clump of brush containing poison oak. A Thought 'One sowcth and another reap- eth" is a verity that applies to evil as well as good.—-George Eliot. Rev. Harold G. Sanders pictures arc accompanied by musical undertone throughout. The Radio Worship Chorus is featured in pictures with vocal synchonization. The Rev. Harold G. Sanders, a Fellow and representative of the Seminary will speak and project the film depicting the human interest side of the school: faculty, students, families, charming children, distinguished visitors; buildings, home, parties, ath- Roosevelt Opens Fire on Tydings Urges Election of Lewis as Senator in Thinly- Veiled Plea DENTON, Md. President Roosevelt pledged a personal effort "to try to keep" the Demoractic party "liberal" in an address Monday praising the legislative record of the New Deal's senatorial candidate in Maryland, Representative David J. Lewis. By name, Mr. Roosevelt mentioned in his prepared address neither Lewis nor Senator Millard Tydings, whom the White House has marked for de- feal in Ihe Democralic primary. Bul Ihe president's praise for Lewis was unmistakable, while many hearers, recalling Mr. Roosevelt once said Tydings "want sto run with the Roosevelt prestige and the money of his conservative Republican friends both on his side," interpreted these words as directed at the senator: "Any man—any political party—has the right to be honestly one or the other (conservative or liberal). But the nation can not stand for the confusion of having him pretend to be one and act like the other." The president spoke to Eastern Shore farmers, gathered with their families in a county-fair atmosphere on and about the courlhouse lawn. They had brought picnic luncheons, they drank soda pop, and had snapshots taken by itinerant photographers while they waited for the president and Lewis to drive up this Chesapeake Bay penin- PARIS, France-<£>)—A War Ministry official announced Monday that France had. called "certain reserves" to the colors as a "precautionary measure." The call went out, the official said, after Germany had moved an estimated 60,000 troops into the new Siegfried line of fortifications, across the Rhine from France's Maginot line. The official emphasized that there was no immediate cause for alarm on the part of the French public. Hitler to Speak NURNBERK, Germany—(£•)—Chancellor Hitler came here Monday to open the 10th annual rally of the Nazi party's history and, in the light of world events, perhaps one of the most important The fuehrer arrived by train, and was wildly acclaimed at the station during a short ride to his hotel headquarters. , Hitler's keynote proclamation will be read Tuesday. It assumes special importance because of the possibility it may outline Germany's course of action on the Sudeten German minority's dispute government. with the Czechoslovak lelics and students in aclion the streets, institutions and churches. "The Beeches" is sai dto be one of the most beautiful campuses in America. The Rev. Mr. Hamilton is a graduate of this historic school for ministers and missionaries, the largest of its kind among Baptists. Some of the leading religious men ot the nation and of Ihe globe arc sons of "The School of the Prophets." During the pasl 79 years, nearly 8,000 trained Christian workers have gone from its halls to the ends o£ the earth with the Christian mess(Continued on Page Three) Educator Denies Signing Petition T. M. Stinnett, of State Department, Repudiates Rotenberry Bill LITTLE ROCK.-W 5 )—The Arkansas Democrat said Monday that the name of T. M. Stinnett, who came here ii May to become director of leachei training for the Department of Education, had been found on petitions to initiate Ihe Rotenberry old-age pensioi plan at the November general electioi —and that Stinnett denied having sign ed the petition. Special Train for Tour of Mexico It Will Leave L. R. September 29, Making a Stop in Hope LITTLE ROCK—Plans for an all- expense good-will tour to the Republic of Mexico, which is to be headed by Governor Bailey in response to an in- vilalion from officials of the Mexican government, were announced here over the week-ed by the committee in harge. Arrangements are being made with ho Missouri Pacific Lines for a spec- al Irain; and cosl of holel and PuU- nan accommodations, meals, transfers between stations and hotels and sightseeing trips will be included in Ihe all- cxpense fee. Passports will be secured )y railroad officials and tourist passport cards in Spanish, which are required by the Mexican government will be supplied. Raymond Rebsamen, chairman of the committee in charge, said he had visited all points included in ihe sightseeing program and lhat it will provide an exceptional opportunity to see the most interesting places in the vicinity of Mexico Cily al minimum expense. Other members of the com- jnittee are J. L. Bland, secretary to the governor, and Z. M, McCarroll. The pilgrimage was suggested by President Francisco Trejo of the National Tourist Commission of Mexico, on behalf of President Cardenas and other Mexican officials. Governor Bailey appointed the committee to complete arrangements. Members of the parly will meel at the Missouri Pacific Lines slalion at 5 p, m. September 29, and the special (Continued ou Pa^i- Tliree)

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