Chamber of Commerce Annual Membership Meetittg at Hotel Barlow at 7:30 Tonight-Arrange to Be There. Watermelon Week to Be Staged in Hope, September 5 to IO Prizes Offered for Largest Melon, Best Window Display—Pet Parade, Bicycle Show and Carnival Here Next Week The Young Business Men's association of Hope will sponsor "Watermelon Week" in Hope beginning September Sjind continuing through September 10. Some of the highlights during the week will be n pet parade, decorated bicycle parade, watermelon window displays—and a carnival to be staged on a vacant lot just west of Hope Auto company. For the best watermelon window display, the association will award n prize of $5. The owner bringing in the largest watermelon will be awarded J2.50. The producer will retain possession of the Negro Woman Is Killed in Train, Auto Collision Jessie Yerger, 38, Meets Death Thursday Morning at Emmet STRUCK BY FREIGHT New Automobile Demolsh- ed, Funeral Arrangements Incomplete Jessie YerRer, 38-year-old Hope negro woman, was killed about 10:30 ;i. in. Thursday when a north-bound freight train struck her automobile at n railroad crossing at Emmet. The Yerger woman was the widow of the late Dr. John P. Yerger. She was driving nlonc at the time of the accident which occurred near the Emmet depot. The impact knocked her from the automobile. The car was carried down the track approximately 200 yards. A Prescot ambulance brought the Yerger woman, rendered unconscious, to Julia Chester hospital nt Hope where she died about five minutes after arrival. She was en route to a WPA adult school, being employed there as n teacher. The car, a new sedan, was demolished. The body is held at Hicks Funeral Home awaiting funeral arrangements. Survivors include three daughters, Lucille, Johnnie Evelyn and Gwendolyn and her mother and father. auction Kile o fthc prize-winning melon—provided the producer desires to sell it. The "kiddy" and pet parade will be held nl 4 o'clock Tuesday afternoon, beginning from First Baptist church and parading through the business section of Hope. The parade will be led by the Hope Boys band. First prize will be ?5. Second prize will be ?2.50. The decorated bicycle parade will be held Friday afternoon, September 9, at 4 o'clock. 'The bicycle parade will also start from First Baptist church and will be led by the Hope Boys band. Any boy or girl in Hope is eligible to participate in the pel or bicycle parade. First prize in the bicycle parade will be 55, second $2.50. The carnival which will open Monday night will be the' Miller Amusement Shows. The carnival comes from Shrevcporl, La. New Officers Are Named by Baptists J. T. Bowden Is Elected to Head Sunday School -,:,. .. , Work . J. T. Bowden was elected general superintendent of the Sunday school and Lawson E. Glover was selected BS training union director by the First Baptist church in its annual election of officers Wednesday night. These officers and the others selected Wednesday night will assume their duties October 1. Edgar Thrash was selected as church clerk to succeed J. T. Bowden who becomes superintendent of the Sunday school; Henry Haynes was reelected church treasurer; C. F. Routon becomes treasurer of the building fund until the educational building is completely pairl for. It is said that the slightly more than $2,000 which remains due on the building will probably be contributed by members of the church before November 15 of Uiis year. Mrs. F. L. Padgitt was continued as pianist and choir director. Other general officers of the Sunday school selected Wednesday night are: Associate superintendents: Mrs. A. C. Kolb and Miss Fayc King; general .secretary, Royce Smith; associate Secretary, Weaver Collins; treasurer, Hervcy Holt. The general officers of the training union to work with Mr. Glover are: Assistant director, Mrs. S. D. Cook; general secretary, Marianna Hut.son; chorister, Audrey McAdams; pianist, J. T. Luck. The complete organization of First Baptist church and all its branches of work necessitates the annual selection of about 150 officers, teachers, cnmniitlccmcn, and other leaders. A .second and final business .session of the church for completing the organ- iwition will be heJd Wednesday nighl of next week. Jobs Open Here for 100 Truck Drivers Trucks and Drivers Are Wanted for Road Contract in Sevier The Hope office of the U. S. Employment Service has openings for 100 truck drivers and 30 truck owner-operators on a road contract job in Sevier county. Anyone interested in this job, who has experience operating .hydraulic dump truck on gravel haul, should gel in touch with the Employment Office at Hope, over Jacks News Stand. Hope Star VOLUME 39—NUMBER 279 WEATHER. Arkansas—Generally fair Thursday night and Friday. HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1938 PRICE 5c COPY NAZI WAR PARLEY Sales, Gas Taxes Drop Heavily for Month of August Special Tax Total $1,595,000, Against $1,855,000 for Year Ago BUSINESS IS LESS C o mmissioner McCarroll Blames the "General Depression" LITTLE ROCK—(/P)—Revenue Commissioner Z. M. McCarroll said Thursday that the decline in special tax collections this year could be attributed to 'the "general depression over the country," He reported $1,595,763.92 was collected for August, compared with ?!,835,382.46 for the same month last year. "There's no doubt that business conditions today are worse in Arkansas than a year ago," McCarroll said. Newt E. Shuffield, veteran revenue department cashier, concurred. He said a return to normal conditions would bring an upturn in collections, particularly (in gasoline and sales taxes. A check of department reports Thursday showed gasoline tax collections had declined since the tolls were removed from the state-owndc bridges by the March special legislature. There were many predictions in the legislature that the toll elimination would increase travel and boom tax collections. Employment Office Provides 310 Jobs G. T. Cross, Hope Manager, Announces Placements Made Locally Approximately 83 per cent of the 2491 job openings filled by the Arkansas State Employment Service during July were made to private employers, according to D. Palmer Patterson, director, in reports made public Thursday. "Of the 2068 private placements," Mr. Patterson said, "1281 went to men, 1709 to white persons and 949 to applicants under 25 years of age. Among men, (Continued on Page Three) A man bought two horses and sold them for $250 each. By doing this he made 25 per cent profit on the first and lost 25 per cent on the other. Did he gain or lose by both transactions, and how much? Answer <w Classified Pagi* Mellon Fortune OnlyjIG Million Most of 200 Millions Given Away, New Inventory Discloses PITTSBURGH.- (/P, -Andrew W. Mellon's personal fortune which exceeded $200,000,000 two years after the stock crash of 1929, was disclosed Wednesday to have been reduced, principally by gifts, to ?36,500,000 upon his death last year. All. the stocks, bonds and securities listed in tin inventory filed Wednesday and an estimated $2,000,000 in real estate goes to charity and will not be subject to the federal inheritance tax. The state of Pennsylvania has collected $2,200,000 and may get some more, although this will not nearly reach the $12,500,000 figure paid by the estate of the banker's brother, the late R. B. Mellon. The vast hulk of Mellon's fortune was given before his death to his children, Paul and Ailsa, (Mrs. David K. E. Bruce of New York) their two children, and to the A. W. Mellon Educational and Charitable Trust, which gets the remainder. Most of the gifts were made tax free. The trust previously had received $35,000,000 in cash and securities and the Mellon art collection valued at $50,000,000. The art has been given to the nation and will be housed in a $15,000,000 building now under construction in Washington. MIND Your MANNERS Test your knowledge of correct social usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. Should an unattached man feel obligated to sec an unescorted girl home from a small party? 2. Should a man feel obligated to dance once with a girl who has previously entertained him? 3. What are the usual hours for a lea dance? 4. At a dinner dance, should a man stand when his partner rises to dance with another man? 5. Should a man make suggestions to his dance partner if she y> not following him accurately? What would you do if— You are dancing with a girl and no one cuts in on her— (a) Suffer in silence and pray for rescue? (b) Introduce someone to her who will ask her to dance? f.c) Protend you have to telephone? Answers 1. Yes. 2. Yes. 3. from 4 to 6 or 7. 4. Yes. 5. No. Best "What Would You Do" solution—(a) or (b). (Copyright 1938, NBA Service, Inc.) Political "Purge" WoirtBe Halted California Revives Threat of National Push for Pensions WASHINGTON -</P)-Senalor Ellison D. Smith's smashing victory in South Carolina and defeat of Senator William G. McAdoo in California had a depressing effect Wednesday nn President Roosevelt's advisers who have urged him to wield the ax on members of congress who have opposed any of his policies. However, there was no evidence that the "axing" will stop. It was said that Mr. Roosevelt was neither surprised nor disturbed by the renomination of Smith. He had endorsed Smith's opponent, Gov, Olin D. Johnston. However many others were surprised by the extent of Smith's victory. Six years ago Smith was re- nominated over state Senator Edgar Brown by about 5,000 votes. Virtually complete but unofficial, returns from Tuesday's primary gave Smith 172,098, Johnston 138,467. Brown was a candidate again this O The yard at State Prison of Southern Michigan. Mow Science Has Displaced the Whipping Stocks at Michigan Model Penitentiary Japan Is Raked by Typhoon;34 Killed 15,000 Reported Homeless After 75-Mile-an- Hour Wind' (Continued on Page Three) suddenness, aiding also another liberal, Culbert L. Olson, in his successful race for the Democratic nomination for governor, and rolling up hig totals for other candidate;; who defended it. Downey supporters joined with Democratic party leaders in asserting the pension advocate's victory was not to be construed as a rebuke for President Roosevelt, who thrice came to McAdoo's assistance and disapproved the pension scheme as a fantastic "short cut to Utopia." McAdoo Defeated In 9164 out of 12,438 precints Downey colected 299,574 votes to McAdoo's 275,911. Throughout the day Downey's lead varied between 20,000 and 45,000. A large portion of the unreported precincts remained in Los Angeles and other southern pension-minded counties where Downey received the bulk of his support. Among the Republicans, who kept out of the pension arena. Conservative Governor Frank F. Merriam won renomination and Ray L. Riley, a veteran state officer, touk the lead in the senatorial contest after traling Philip Bancroft, militant farmer and New Terrible "Torture Cell-Block" of State Prison Become an Ice-Cream Stand The furore over alleged torturing of convicts at Philadelphia County Prison has focused new interest otj an age-old problem: the disciplining of wrongdoers. This is the first of tjvo articles telling how one state prison has succeeded in abandoning the traditional methods of punishment. By WILLIS THORNTON ••' ' . . ,'' NBA, Service ; Sjaff Correspondent • JACKSON, Mich— The terrible "torture .cell-block" of the State. Prison of Southern Michigan has become an ice cream stand. The entrance to the block through which men not long ago passed to the "torture cells," is filled with the equipment of an ice cream-cigarette-and-candy store to which convicts come to trade their earnings in prison shops for little extra delicies. Dusty and empty are the cells in which men were forced to stand bolt upright in an 'iron frame for as long as ''eight hours, often to be carried away, screaming and gibbering, .to the Kta.te insane asylum. Gone is the Ibckstep, gone the striped uniforms, gone the brutal days in the dark "hole" on bread and water. Abandonment of the traditional methods of prison punishment has become possible through new disciplan- ary methods which make the Michigan institution unique. Only a few years ago this prison was the target of bitter criticism in the Osborne Association survey of penal conditions. Today it is the largest modern penitentiary in the country, and the American Prison Association in October will hear at its St. Paul convention the story of how the Jackson institution has turned from a reservoir of resentment into a house of hope. No Heroes Created The abandoned cell-block where convicts now buy candy bars is no relic of a dark past age. It was completed only about 10 years age. Each cell has an ordinary steel door with a slide panel through which food may be pushed. Just inside this door is a second barred door, built on a curve Between the two doors there is barely room for a man to stand erect. And between these two, like a slice of human meat in a steel-barred sandwich mon were made to stand. They could not fall, no matter how agonizing became their weariness, for the narrow barred cage prevented it They simply stood, sometimes as long as eight hours, staring forward at the blank steel door. Often before the body collapsed and stood unconscious on unfeeling feet, the brain itself gave way. If the man survived and returned to his males in the genera prison, he was an object of respect am awe to them— he was a sure-enougi "tough guy." That is where the disciplinary system of Warden Joel R. Moore come.s in. Moore creates no heroes among his intractable prisoners. One form of his punishment is known at the prison as "toplock," referring to a system of individual locks at the lop of cell doors so arranged lhal they do nol open when the master lever is thrown to open all the doors hi a row. In "toplocking," a man is simply kept in his own cell, and taken out only once a day to the dining room for a single meal. He gets no "yard privileges" at all. He just sits in his accustomed place, to think while the others in the row tumble out for meals and -walk past his cell to the shops, to play baseball in the "yard," For the first few days it sounds like a "soft touch," but it soon grows irksome. To the others the prisoner is p ust a sap. Prisoner Decides The refinement of this discipline, for more severe cases, is removal to a solitary cell, where all priveleges, even smoking, and all clothing but a jumper, are also denied. The cell is light and airy. The man gets three meals a day. But he stays there until he decides he is ready to obey the rules TOKYO, Japan—(/P)—At least 34 were known to have been killed and scores of others were missing Thursday after a 75-mile-an-hour typhoon caused heavy damage at Tokyo and Yokohama. Meager reports over crippled communication lines indicated heavy property losses outside Tokyo; but casualties were apparently small. Police estimated 15,000 persons were homeless in Tokyo alone, as terrific winds flattened homes. Thirty-four passenger and freight ships were driven aground, mostly at Yokohama. Police said an entire village of 300 houses near Maebashi, central Japan, was wiped out. Most of the residents were believed to have escaped. M'Adoo, Beaten, Fears "Scrip" Pension to .Wreck California Senator Refused to Support "Cruel Delusion of Old People"—Plan Proposes $30-a-Week Pension SAN FRANCISCO'.— (/?)— Senator William Gibbs McAdoo, President Roosevelt's choice, Wednesday night conceded defeat for renominalion. by Sheridan Downey, liberal champion of a $30—week "scrip" pension movement, and predicted the plan if adopted would "ruin California." The pension idea crashed into they — primary with surprising force and Deael critic, all day. Merriam polled 248,780 in 8856 precincts while his nearest opponent, Lieutenant Governor George Hatfield, was collecting 111,038. The Republican senatorial count in 8639 precincts was: Riley, 176,339, Bancroft, 172,060. The 74-year-old McAdoo, who helped turn the 1932 Democratic national convention to the Roosevelt banner and who has been supporting the president ever since, credited the pension movement with giving victory to "the successful candidates." "This undoubtedly determined the result of the election," he said in a message to Mrs. Lucreia del Valle Grady, national committeewornan of California. "Cruel Delusion" McAdoo reiterated that he "could not support a cruel delusion of old and deserving people, as this measure undobutedly ,is. "I concur wholly in the views expressed by President Roosevelt on this subject, while at the same time I renew my allegiance to him and to his New Deal objectives. "I am not concerned about myself, (Continued on Page Three) The old way.... Richard Andree, who now teaches useful trades to prisoners at State Prison of Southern Michigan, poses here with a. prisoner; who need never fear that this punishment will be administered in grim urncst. The whipping stocks have been preserved as a relic. (Continued on Page Three) The new way. . . . The prisoner in '"toplock" is kept in his cell, given his regular meals and gets no "yard privileges" at all. A "soft touch" for the first few days, this punishment soon becomes irksome—and the recalcitrant convict soon becomes co-operative.. Revival Meeting to Close Here Sunday The revival at the First Penticostal church which has been in progress the past three weeks will close Sunday night, the pastor, the Rev. L. T. Nichols, announced. The meeting has been a success. A new high mark has been set in Sunday school and church memberships. The Evangelist Nugent will speak Sunday night on the "Mark of the Beast." Bewhiskered baseball clubs of the 1870s—the first big-league teams-wore thickly padded pants, necties and stiff-bosom blouses. Cotton NEW ORLEANS-W—October cotton opened Thursday at 8.29 and closed at 8.33. Spot cotton closed steady and unchanged, middling 8.27. 'I 1 Hitler Calls His Generals to Talk to .Sudeten Chief Czech Minority Leader Meets Them at Retreat in Germany ITALY OUSTS JEWS Mussolini to Force Them to Leave Italy, Go to! Ethiopia- •- BERCHTESGADEN, Germany— (&>— Reichsfuehrer itler Thursday summoned Field Marshal Hermann Wilhelm' Goering and several army generals to confer with Konrad Henlein, leader of Czechoslovakia's Sudeten Germans, at the fuehrer's mountain retreat The outcome of the conference is expected to be either acceptance or rejection of the Czechoslovak government's latest proposals for a solution of the conflict between Praha and the autonomy-demanding -Sudeten Germans. Italy to Oust Jews By the Associated Press Fascist Italy Thursday took drastic anti-Jewish action in a new campaign "for defense of the Italian race" while i Europe's eyes, searching for omens of war or peace, turned toward Berchtesgaden, in Bavaria, and the United States. . Reichsfuehrer Hitler is at Berchtesgaden, presumably pondering two questions posed'before anxious Europe. They were:. ... „. .., n,*^, -, ,,-.,, /....t.The.'Issues'- • "->*•"*> *1. What will the"outcome be when' the issue between the Czechoslovak government and the Nazi-supported, autonomy-seeking Sudeten , German minority reaches a showdown? ' 2. If Chancellor Hitler and Germany are dissatisfied, will the decision mean war or peace? Confidence, meanwhile, seemed to be returning that Europe could put the brakes on her slipping security. U. S. Is Praised Sections of the British press praised the United States' interest in the issue, Konrad Henlein, leader of the Sudeten Germans, is on his wayito see Hitler, his self-avowed protector, while the search is still continued at Praha for a compromise between the minori ity and the Czechoslovak government The Italian government, with Premier Mussolini presiding, decreed .the expulsion of all Jew who entered Italy since January 1, 1919. This may mean the transfer of many Jews to Ethiopia, for which the decree applied to Italy proper, Libya and the Aegean isles, it did not mention Italian East Africa. Crisis for France PARIS France-W—The threat of a general strike of 200,000 textile workers in northern France Thursday added to the troubles encountered by the government in its efforts to mobilize labor and industry behind national defense. The textile workers threatened to walk out soon unless their demands for continuation of the 40-hour week and higher wages were granted.. Quebec Avalanche Kills 4rHurts 12 Torrential Rains Sweep Area, Accounting for 8 Other Deaths QUEBEC, Canada (Canadian Press) —A rain-loosed avalanche Thursday destroyed a crowded four-story apartment house in a Quebec suburb and killed four persons outright, injuring about 12 others, according to rescue leaders. One boy was left buried under the wreckage. Eight other deaths were caused by the same heavy rains sweeping the Quebec area. Six persons in a single family were drowned when their home at Portneuf, 40 miles from here, were carried away by the flooded Portneuf river. Two persons died in the washout- derailment of a Montreal-Quebec pas* senger train. Legion, Auxiliary to Hold Joint Meeting The American Legion and Auxiliary posts of Hempstead county will hold a joint meeting Thursday night at Hope city hall, beginning at 8 o'clock. State Commander B. A. Brooks and State Adjutant Bert Presson, along with other state and district official^ will be present A large attendance of all members of the two organizations is urged..
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