Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on November 3, 1948 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, November 3, 1948
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Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ~ Alex. H. Washburn———Paragraphs The Day After the Night Before "Good morning—how arc yoV" 'Astounded." On this, the day after Election, "4J.:' th <; statistical wits must be at their polls end. *\. n °w develops that the only- Wallace who ran a good race was the guy who wrote "Ben Hur." Speaking of confusion, the author 01. the ballot title describing the average act or amendment in an Arkansas general election must be the same guy who dreams up names for pullman cars and race horses. • ,,A synopsis is what a newspaper prepares on an act or amendment that is too long to read—and which the public ignores because it's too short to fool with Yesterday's reservation on politics doesn't seem half so important today as a seat for the foot- a " d Llttlc irJ°T r ,? ta ?, in €. u P to 2;3 ° this mom- ing I don t think I'm doing so bad i, today. -* * * VA Sacking of Trotskyite Borders on the Ridiculous By JAMES THRASHER There arc Communists in this country who. as you probablv know, bitterly dislike the Soviet Union and its American agents. One of them was recently fired from his clerk's job with the Veterans Administration in Newark -N.-J., on "reasonable grounds -for belief that you are disloyal to the United States." The ex-clerk admits he is a member of the Socialist Workers Clrolskyite) Party. He is also a disabled American veteran who lost both legs fighting in Italy The latter fact ought at least to entitle mm to sensible treatment. The Trolskyites arc the leaderless remnants of a group that backed the wrong man in a top- level split during the early days pi Russian communism. When St'a- • hn .succeeded Lenin, Trotsky escaped with his kin intact. He kept it intact, by being careful and moving Irequcntly, until some of the boys caught up with him in •-Mexico a few years ago and perforated it with bullets. So today the American Trotskyite s are a small group of parlor Communists. The only time the general public hears of them is during a presidential election year, when they sometimes put up a can- i didate. Since the ex-clerk in question was a soldier in the late war, we would guess that he is a second- generation follower of Trotsky. As such, he still must advocate world revolution and maybe the violenl overthrow of his country's government, although he insists he is not subversive. But his radical beliefs arc doomed to remain in the realm of thought and conversation. There probably isn't enough money in his party's war chest to buy a half- dozen bombs. What's more, he can't join up with the Moscow-directed American Commies. If he did, his life would surely be in greater danger than if he were caught boring from within on behalf of the National Association of Manufacturers. In spite, of all this, the VA loyalty board may have had no choice except to fire the man. Intellectually, he is disloyal. So arc the Kluxers and America Firsters. with their contempt for he constitutional guaranties of freedom and cqual- . ity. And quite possibly they arc more dangerous than ihe Trbtsky- iles, whose small number and impossible position make them virtually harmless. But we haven't happened to hear of any ultra-rightists getting sacked by the government lor disloyalty. There is no need to enlarge again upon the dangers of Russian policy, or of the part played by American agents of Moscow, liut the dangers arise from Russian policy, not Russian political 'philosophy. To most of us communism is as distasteful as nazism was. But nanism's danger to us was Hitler and his armies and his .agents here. And communism's danger is its leaders, its armies and its agents. It is no exhibition of vigilance when a man is fired from a federal job simply because he docs not believe in a democratic republican form of government and a profit system of economy. It is an exhibition of short-sightedness, insecurity, and a fear unwarranted by the very virtures of our form of government. And since, in this case, the Trotskyite-Stalinitc hostility is a matter of historical record, the whole performance becomes downright silly. WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Thursday. No important temperature changes* 50TH YEAR: VOL. 50 — NO. 17 Star of Hope 1899; Press 1927 Consolidated January 18, 192V HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1948 (AP)— Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise A&s'n. PRICE 5c COPY Little Rock, Nov. 3 — (/P) — Ar kcinsas remained steadfastly loyal to the Democratic party in yes terday's general election. The untirc Democratic ticket, headed by President Truman, U S Sen. John L. McClellan and Sid Mc- Malh, Gubernatorial nominee, won in an oldfashioncd sweep on the basis of unofficial and incomplete returns. Even with fewer than onchalf the 2,217 precincts reported, the re suits seemed conclusive. Mr. Truman's victory was not unexpected in Arkansas, but the Amendments, over four op nature of a majority he piled up ponents was in the surprise. In giving the Democrats its nine electoral votes, Arkansas turned thumbs down on a spirited bid of Little Rock, Nov. 3 —Iff)— Arkansas voters apparently made two changes in the state constitution, approved three of the four initiated acts and rejected one proposed amendment in yesterday's general election. The only close referenda contest was proposed Initiated Act No. 2, which would restrict local liquor option elections to biennial general election days. It was being favored on the basis of unofficial and incomplete returns. Trailing by a heavy margin was '41, the the Hempstead and Nevada Counties Pick Winners Hempstead County on a basis of unofficial returns, 23 out of 31 precincts, gave Truman a slight majority with Thurmond running second. The vote: Presidential race: Truman 1351; Dcwey 295; Thurmond 786; Wallace 5 and Thomas 3. Governor: McMath 2173; Black 104. Senate: McClellan 2282; Tucker 51. Amendment No. 39—for 1211; Against 689. Amendment No. 40 —for 1026; Against 826. Amendment No. 41—for GIG; Against 1315. Initiated Act, No. 1—for 1252; Against 717. Initiated Act. No. 2—for 925; Against 1005. Initiated Act No. 3—for 1108; Against 759. Initiated Act No. 4—for 1019; Against 605. Road Tax—for 1125; Against 241. Library Tax—lor 926; Agains! 414. have prohibited property tax by proposed Amendment No. j which would levying of a state. These two issues were the most controversial of the seven items. Tabulations from 949 of the 2,217 the Republicans to capture a ma precincts Cave for Act No 2- jority for their presidential candi'"'"'- ' -'--- ' date. Gov. Thomas E. Dcwey, and to break the solid Democratic Congressional bloc. The Razorback vote also upset -, .... u ...,_... V ui,v- tuou u [jot: t calculations of States Rights Demo crats. Although refusing to join some other Southern states in a revolt against Mr. Truman and his civil rights program, Arkansas was giving the States' Rights standard bearer, Gov. J. Strom Thurmond, a larger vote than it was giving Dewey. Even Socialist presidential can didate Norman Thomas was run ning ahead of Henry Wallace, Pro gressive party nominee. Both, however, were also rans. Thurmond and Wallace were the only presidential candidates to ap pear in Arkansas during the cam paign. It seemed would reach ..._ lin D. Roosevelt four years ago, or that Dewey would equal his Arkan sas vote. In 1944, Roosevelt defeat ed Dewey 148.965 to 03,551. Trooping to apparent victory with Mr. Truman, McMath and McClcllan were U. S. Reps. J W Trimble, Berryvillc. in the third district and Brooks Hays, Little Rock in the fifth. Also elected to Congress was Boyd Taekett, Nash yille, in the fourth district, and the four Democratic incumbent con Continued on page two pre- the unlikely Mr. Truman the total given Frank 54,019 against 51,936. Fewer than half of the total cincts indicated approval of following: Proposed Amendment No. 39 to authorize registration of voters, now prohibited by the state consti- Continued on Page Three 221 Receive S C /""I I 5 Checks Wallace Says U, S. Opposes Repressive Labor Legislation New York, Nov. (', — (.-Pi— Henry A. Wallace left Progressive Party headquarters before dawn today, saying yesterday's voting showed that the American people oppose "repressive labor legislation" and want price protection. In a statement issued with a night-long viyil at nib party headquarters, the Progressive party presidcntical candidate said: "Yesterday, the American people showed by their votes that they were against Taft-Hartley and repressive labor legislation; against high pi ices to the consumer arid for price protection 1'or the farmer. "Thv-se art- the issues would not have been injccied the campaign but !or the mined fight of the Progressiv ty-" Earlier, Wallace said hi.-; gressive party will U- in the campaign rev-ariJIess of ibis voU . and \viii aim ;;t be "the Uonimniil purtv i . til \- KS bemg P ilid c ' ach month to J21 eligible persons for Old-Age and Survivors Insurance in Hempstead County," Eugene Reigler, Manager of the Texarkana field oitice, said today. This is a 2n r 'c- increase in the number of benefic. lanes over last year. I These are the persons who have retired at 65 or older, their wives; and widows and children of deceased workers. They are the benefits that are derived from the social security tax that is withheld when the worker is employed in commerce or industry. The average 'amount received >jy the retiree! worker and ' his wUe is $39.UO. Family benefits lor Ihe survivors range from an average of $13.20 to $52.211, depending on the size of the family An important thing to remember is that one of the reqtiirementj; lor entitlement is an application must be tiled by the retiring wor- I kcr or the survivors of a deceased I worker. Mr. Reigler slated that a representative of Old-Aue and Survivors Insurance makes a regular visit to Hope on the first and : third Tuesday of each month to ! give assistance to anyone desiring i information or filing'a claim. He ; may be contacted at the Arkansas j Employment Office in Hope at l! | o'clock next Tuesday. November lli. OES Meeting Legion to Meet Suppdtis Boy Scout Campaign In behalf of the Boy Scout drive underway in Hempstead County Prosecuting Attorney James H. Pilkmton issued the following statement to County Chairman Clifford Franks: "I understand that the annual Boy Scout Finance Campaign will be conducted in Hempstead County within ihe next few days and, as a citizen and public official, I will welcome the opportunity to make an investment in the program of Scouting. To my knowledge not a single boy with Scout training has become involved in serious trouble in any of the five counties of the Eighth Judicial Circuit since I have been Prosecuting Attorney. The presiding Judge of this district has told me that he cannot recall ever having had a Boy Scout before the Court on a criminal charge during the many years he has served on the bench. The Boy Scouts represent the finest tradition of free America. The Scouts of today are the citizens and leaders of tomorrow and the Scout movement is one program that should concern each of us. The Boy Scouts of America are worthy of support of all persons interested in the future of our city, state and nation. I feel certain that all of us in Hope and Hempstead County will respond promptly and give generously when the opportunity is presented during the 1948 Scout Finance Campaign. Sincerelys yours, JAMES H. PILKINTON George Peck to Fill Post of Lyle Moore In session last night at Hope City Hall the Council named George Peck to the Ward 3 alderman post to fill the uncxpircd term of Lyle Moore, resigned to re-enter the .service. The group passed a resolution closing part of a blind alley between Lots 10, 11 in Block 44. A petition signed by K. V. Herndon, Sr., L. E. Beaslcy. T. S. Cornelius. Joe- Jones and Murl C. Herndon was presented, John B. Willard asked that c-lec- ! trie service be extended to his | home on Shover Springs-Budcaw | road. The issue was taken under j consideration. I Roundup Club w;is granted per! mission tu use lights in the Rodeo A i ena at Fair park. U. June Cornelius was appoinl- 1 pound master and C. (). Thomas as instructed to purchase- a blinker light to be placed on East Third Street. An ordinance fixing carnival and circus lieen.se fees voted to put the old rtv up for sale at a McClellan to Head important Senate Committee • Washington, Nov. 3 — Wi — Senator McClcllan (D-Ark) will become chairman of the Senate Expenditures Council as a result of yesterday's election w'lien the Democrats regained control of the Senate. As the ranking majority party member, he will replace Senator Ferguson (R-Mich) who has headed the committee while the Republicans were in control of the Senate. Defeat Upsets Unofficial complete returns in Nevada County: Presidential race: Truman 1140; Dewey 202; Thurmond 418; Wallace 2 and Thomas 10. U. S. Senate: McClellan 1587; Tucker 48. .< Governor: McMath 1534; Black 70. Amendment 39: for 963; Against 549. Amendment 40: for 1091; Against 512. Amendment 41: for 332; Against 1238. Act No. 1: for 836; Against 780. Act No. 2: for 749; Against 844. Act No. 3: for 881; Against 577. Act. No. 4: for 1145; Against 448. Hormel Girls to Hand Out Prizes Friday More than 35 smartly uniformed girls of the Hormel Good Food Girls Corps, former Wacs, Waves, Spars and Marines, will offer valuable prizes to every family in Hope, Friday, November 5, it was learned today. ,. The girls corps now touring Texas features a drum and bugle corps, a marching unit, a radio band and corps. The group 'has appeared in nearly every section of the country. The girls also have their own radio show. The only one of its kind for one-half hour every Saturday morning at 10 o'clock on the Mutual network, in Hope on 1490. On Friday between 11 and 12, the girls will visit the Food Stores here. In the stores, they will give away coupons, good for whole hams, quarter hams, and many other canned meat and populaY grocery items. Any customer who has registered for the event with her grocer, and visits her grocery store while the girls are Ihere can win a prize. It was emphasized that no purchase of any sort is required to get a prize. Simply by registering now at your favorite grocer, you become eligible for the prize to be given away by the girls. It was also learned that any ex-G.I. girl with musical or acting talent is eligible for membership in the corps. This includes a chance to appear on their network radio show. Any Hope girl interested in joining the Corps can g^t full information from Goo. A. Hormel & Co., Austin. Minnesota. Complete details about the many valuable prizes to be given away and how you can get one of them has been announced in the Hope Star. Meanwhile, Hope grocers are urging their customers to come in now and register for the event. Many grocers in Hope are planning special sales while the girls are visiting in the stores. On Saturday morning, November tt, the Hormel Good Food Girls Corps will present their Saturday morning broadcast in the Municipal auditorium in Texarkana. Everyone is invited to attend this outstanding event. No admission will be charged. Excessive Speed Blamed for Crash That Killed 11 Muldrow, Okla., Nov. :i —(/!'>— "Excessive speed." coupled with atmospheric conditions have been blamed officially for the crash of 'a C-47 air forces plane with the lot's of 11 lives. Major L'ber Jernigan. senior officer of an invesiigation board sent here from Tinker Field, Oklahoma City, reported: "Tile preliminary findings ol this board are that the airplane was in bad weather and evidently disintegrated due to excessive Un- jbulence- (of the air) and to i-x! cessive speed.'' j Tiie plane, on a routine flight ifrtirii Sheppard Field. Wichita Falls. "IVx., clashed heie Monday. On,.' ol i the victims v.a^ an Arkau..an. Nanking, Nov. 3 —(VP)— The Chinese cabinet prepared to resign today. As President Truman led in the United States presidential election, officials said their last hope of stimulating Chinese morale through a new United States administration was about gone. Premier Wong Wcn-Hao at a cabinet meeting reiterated his decision to resign. His ministers indicated they would follow him from office. He urged them to stay on: The American election was of vital interest here. China .officials said they counted heavily on the election of a Republican president to give the people a "shot in the arm" and halt the collapse which followed the defeat of Chiang Kai- shek's best armies in the northeast. "It was not a question of getting material assistance quicker under Dewey," one official said. "It was only that a new administration would provide a morale booster for our people. Red 'Victories Alarming V Peiping, Nov. 3 — (fP) — Extent of the Communist victory in Manchuria stunned government ' supporters in North China today. Chinese loyal to Chiang Kai- shek called it a "disaster" and a "monumental tragedy." They feared more setbacks now that the Communists can unleash their Manchurian armies for attacks elsewhere. (Chiang's second loss of Manchuria — it fell to the Japanese before —' in itself does not necessarily protend loss of the civil war, said Associated Press Correspondent Fred Hampson in a dispatch from Shanghai. ("He never really held much of Manchuria," said Hampson. "But the manner in which he lost and the enormous troops and supply losses cnU;hed appear to have undermined he entire war machine of the Nationalists, possibly beyond repair) The government has given no idea of its losses in Manchuria with the fall of Mukden. There were indications, however, that not a single soldier escaped the Mukden area to the seaport of Yinkow, 115 miles south. No new reports came from Mukden, bombed by government warplanes yesterday for the second straight day. Chinese looked to Nanking for possible changes in the govcrn- Unent. Premier Wong Wcn-Hao announced yesterday he would resign over "total failure" to balance the budget due to heavy military spending. Happy Truman Greets Visitors By ERNEST B. VACCARO Kansas City, Nov. ;i i.'l'i—Presi- dent Truman, a smiling, happy man, received the congratulations ot well wishers today, as he triumphed in one of history's greatest political upsets to win a term in the White Mouse in his own right. | Cheers went up from his head(quarters in the Hotel Muchlchach (penthouse as word of Governor j Thomas E. Dewey's concession of | defeat was conveyed to him, I A long line of oid friends, includ- ling newspapermen who have cov- jerod his campaign, .v.varmed into i the living loom of the plu.shy suite •to shake the pivsidi/nt's hand and !to congratulate him | 'em-hell" campaign 1 the doposters. Plan to Move Desha County Seat Fails Arkansas City. Nov. .'i. —(UP; — Efforts to move the Desha county .seal from Arkansas City to Mo Gehee have failed. With approval of a majority of the- qualified voters needed. the switch already h;,s been blocked by 957 votes against Ihe proposal. A total oi 5T>B votes for the move have been i (/ported in seven unl ol 13 precincts in the county. One county oifiuiul said *h;it '^.770 voles were necessary lor the ehan;/.e .Mid s.ii.'l there were not ions President Harry S. Truman Sen. Alben W. Barklcy Marshall to Resign as ..1VC- upsct . tu luUil. Paris. Nov. ;•; — i/l'. Secretary! ! ol Slat... George C, Marshall vviil ; ! resign next Jan. 20 regardless of the uiiU'oM'ie of the pieiiidenlial j election, an inl'onneil source in the 1 American United Nations delega- i tier, sait! today. ; Tin/ source said Marsha!! plans to retire t-., his farm. ' j Tneie v.'as .no cunl'irinalion of j this stiileinenl from Marshall who: j earlier in lin monup.!; appeared at' line U. S. (l<h,L>:;Uoii headquarters.: :ile po:;e;l for photographers anil jlisleneij to brnaiicasts ol election | returns vilii li, S. Delegate John ;Fcsier D.,'lle:,. loreiL'a affairs asi- iVis'.-r to Gov.lJf'.'.vy, and Delegate j Wan en H. An.- tin.' ! Nev.'sine; i asked h'.ni to com': u jeni. I "On the eh-i ts.nsr ' Marshall! i asked wilh a Mi::!,-, i Pressed b, i eix •: lei s. 'die secre- :tarv ol' Stale .-i'lined and said ionly: \ "Gen i K-:..... i;. i i,.:: u!i KpiSCOp.i 1- Girl Scout Award Court Thursday The Girl Seoul Court of Av/aids v.'jli be he!d Thiir:.day ni;/hi. Nov. -I at 7:15 o'clock in the i e'crt-iUHm room 01 First i\Ieihou).M. ehurch. The toll" ,:K; program will be presented I .•.',' t!ie live- local troop.-, assisted \i-_- their k-aiieis and members of the local community cummillee: Flay eeremonv—Troop 8 Inli-odneiion---Mrs. H. L. Broach Giil Si.vi.it Suni;—-Troop a "Wh,n Makes a Girl Seoul"— Miss Meryl Henry Girl Scout Sous — Troops f> and 2 Intioduclioii id Candle Lighting Cen-inony—Mrs. Charles Bryan and Mrs. Leo C'ompion. Candle Lighting Ceremony — Alls. J. 10. Cooper assisted by Troop 7. Introduction o! leaders— Mrs. Harry Shivr Presentation of Awards by leaders. Son.; "America" AH parents ami liiei:ds ui the Girl bv.-uu.lti uiv invited. By The Associated Prens President Truman, in an as* ;ounding upset of pro-balloting predictions, today won the presidency. He will have a Democratic Senate and House to work with him. Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, his Republican opponent, conceded Mr. Truman's election at 10:15 a. m. CST. At that time, Mr. Truman was leading in 20 states having 304 electoral votes. Needed to win arc 266 electoral votes, Dewey was leading in 16 states with 189 electoral votes. Four stales with 3D electoral votes <had been captured, or were leaning to, States' Hifihts Candidate J. buom Thurmond. James Hagerty, Dcwcy's press secretary announced that Dewey had conceded the election in a telegram to Mr. Truman. It read: "My heartiest congratulations to you on your election and every good wish for a successful administration, and I urge all Americans to unite behind you in support oi every effort to keep our nation strong and free and establish: peace in the world. The last Republican hope that Dewey might nose out Tiuman in the electoral vote, even though he was trailing well behind in popular balloting, apparently laaed, when late California returns put Truman in Irbnt In that state. At the time Dewey conceded, Truman was leading m or had won the following status: Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, IdahCj Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina-; Ohio, .Oklahoma,, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texat,, Utah, Virginia? Washington, Viigmia, Wisconsin, Wyoming. Dewey wat, leading in these: Connecttlcut, Defaware, Indiana,' Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, Nebraska, New Hampshire,' New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South. Dakota, Vermont. Thurmond was in front in four states having a total of 38 electoral votes. He had won Alabama, Mississippi and South Carolina, and was leading in Oouisiana. In Tennessee, two electoral votes arc in doubt between Truman and Thurmond. - JEmman plans to return t'j Washington-, o from Independence, Mo., tom6n\;w, then goes to Kev West, Fla., Sunday. According tJ Washington friends who have been in touch with his Kansas City headquarters. Even before the president's victory was assured, the returns hail clinched Democratic control cf Congress, wresting it away from the Republicans who won it two years ago. The indicated Congressional lineup is: Senate: 54 Democrats and 42 Republicans. House: 2-16 Democrats; 18Q Republicans, and one American-Labor. While these may not be the final figures, it is clear that Mi Truman will have a working aiajority of his own party in Congiess To this majority he can submit the legislative program over which he and the GOP-ruri 80th Congress quarreled' — quarreled so muqh that Mr. Truman called Congress "idiot" and the "second worst" in history. This program includes power ttt 1 put on price controls, housing legislation, and the so-called "civil rights" measures which led many southern Democrats to bieak with, Mr. Truman. Among the civil rights proposal? are laws against race segiegation on trains and buses crossing state lines, against making a voter p#y a poll tax before he can ballot in, federal elections, making lynching a federal crime, and forbidding an employer to discriminate because oi race or religious belief when he hires a workman. For Mr. Truman, the win %vas, a tremendous personal achievement. With a fighting campaign, the man from Missouri roused hJs party from despondency and U-d it .to a victory which almost all its leaders except the president himself had written off months ago as i an impossibility. For Dewey ard the "team around him. it was the bittei en4 ' of a 10 year dream. The New York 'governor has been aiming at and woiUing for the presidency that tie broke precedent when he cap- lui'.-d tiie Republican nonunaltoji this year afU-r u losing raca against Franklin I), Roosevelt in, 19-1-1. He can hold no hope that hu party will entrust its banner to hijil again: In Wall street, which had antics. paled a Republican victors the ir> itiijl reaction to the election's outcome was a break in pucer (.if [many stocks. Utiiily stock prices j especially full. j Piesumably, the selling \va» du- jtaled chiefly by uncertainty over jwhat new laws affecting iius.inet.i- jm-.iy be enacted by the new Dew- jocralic administration. PitMdenfc (Truman opposed the cuts m pe.- son.il income taxes voted by thy UopuWican 80th Congress, 'whtA Continued on page two 1 f >i 1

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