Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on October 29, 1948 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, October 29, 1948
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Our Doily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn An Open Letter to PTA Members on Amendment 40 Yesterday after publishing our analysis of the seven slate-wide , amendment and act proposal which t will appear on the November 2 jjfc ballot I discovered that someone " is attempting to block-vote the * local public on the three incaEiirci which pertain to education. I don't know the source, but a printed slip which was distributed • over Hope yesterday asks you to vote as follows: Amendment No. 40 (To Abolish 18-Mill School Tax Limit) —FOR. Amendment No. 41 (To Abolish Slate Ad Valorem Taxi—AGAINST. Act. No. 1 (School Dstrict He- organization)—FOR. Presumably the above rccom- fy Vncndalions come from some organized source which aim;; to help Arkansas' public schools. And KUidecd, two o£ the recommencla- fe5° ns al '° helpful. In yesterday's editorial The Star agreed with the anonymous pamphleteer on two of the three measures. We are AGAINST Amendment No. 41 (To Abolish State Ad Valo.em Taxi, and we are FOR act No. 1 (School District Reorganization). But Amendment No. 40 (To Abolish 18-Mill School Tax Limit) is, j as wo explained in yesterday's general review of the Initiative WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Saturday. Warmer tonight. 50TH YEAR: VOL. 50 — NO. 13 Star of Hope 1899; Prtss 1927 Consolidated January 18, 192% HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1948 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Entcrprlso Ass n. PRICE 5c COPY Washington. Oct. 20 (UP) — Some diplomatic authorities feat today that only a miracle can now slop the Communists from even tuallv winning control of most of 'hina. They see no evidence of a Na tkmalisl force strong enough to :ialt Ihe Communist march. In battle after battle this year, the Communists have routed. Na tionalist troops and captured 'i;reat quantities of fighting equipment They now control virtually all o: Manchuria and are massing strong striking forces in Northern China. Even if the United Stales boosts aid to China and takes over super vision of the military campaigns, as it has in Greece, it would still be a formidable task to check the well.organized and far flung Red uerrilla forces, according to some Slates Riqhts Candidate Addresses Civic CIu & Referendum items on the November 2 ballot, not only unwise but an actual blow against public school revenue. Intentions don't count in cither politics or business. What counts is performance. And if the recommendation to vote FOR Amendment No. 40 comes from the organized professional school forces of Arkansas I only need to remind you that they are abandoning ilia light lor assessment rcrorrn and (*,arc once more trusting to millage increases to bring in school reve- nuf—notwithstanding the tact that it was Ihis very course which broke the public schools durin,", the 1020-33 depression. It was the same course which continuou to keep the schools paralyzed until several years after the depression —and relief came only when this course was abandoned and two new things were tried: 1. Enactment or the Hail 2 per cent state sales tax iwmch Hope Star and Fort Smith South west * American alone out of all Ihe daily papers of Arkansas dared to advocate editorially), and ,2. Revision of Hempstead county tax assessments, based on the revival of fair commercial rents as the county pulled out of th depression. furthermore, PTA members and business men alike know tli.it this newspaper is taking the only fair and practicable position possible on Amendment No. 40, regardless what paper planners may tell you. / because when we had to have two '•'.' ,iew grade schools here in Hone the way we got them was to organize the whole town and hike assessments enough to foot the bill. MILLAGE COULDN'T DO IT —AND NEVER WILL SO LONG AS WE HAVE A VOLUNTARY ASSESSMENT SYSTEM. Now the effect of voting FOR Amendment No. 4C would be to turn the pages of progress backward isntead of forward. Because then the whole emphasis of taxation would be to kick the millaye rate f r ,a higher and higher on a limited assessment — and the effect would be to drive assessments experts here. They pointed out that despite U. S. efforts in Greece, Commu nist guerrillas are still active in a country which is only a speck on the map compared with China's vajlness. Hit by inflation and other eco- lomie woes, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek's government is in des perate plight. Congress earmarked $400.000.000 for military and eco- lomie aid to the Nationalists this year but it is proving only a drop 111 the bucket. Sen. Owen Brewster. R.. Me., said he loo fears China may be 'on the verge of communication" un less Chiang gets more aid. China, ne said, is a "tragic example" of the Truman administration's policy of "loo little and loo lale." There is no way of knowing what this government's attitude toward future aid to China will be until after next Tuesday's presidential election. Some of Chiang's supporters arc said to be hoping for a hip boost in U. S. aid if the Republicans win. Gov. Thomas E. Dewey promised to end what he calls' "tragic neglect" of China by Democratic administration. ermans sur< has the the Shipment National Honor Society of Hope High School held a formal initiation j'or nine new members at an assembly program in the high school auditorium yesterday. New members who look the pledge are: Bftty Murphy, Joe Martindalc, Nilla Dean Compton, Recce Miller, Buddy Sutton, Mary Elizabeth Coleman. Charles V/ilson. Emily Jo Wilson, and Jimmie Dick Harnmons. In Ihe ceremony the NIIS ideals. Little Rock. Oct. 29— (/TV- Rail shipments OL cotton lo Arkansas warehouses and compresses have been hailed, but the action will not seriously affect the industry, a spokesman says. R. L. Thackcr. car service agent — Photo by Shipley Governor J. Strom Thurmond, Governor of s.cur.h C.>i'L.ii".i an d State:.-, Rights Presidential Candidate;, aildressed n joiiu meeting of the Rotary, Kiwanis and Lions Club here J'ntbtiay. Oc ! .o.:cr ^'J- Mr. tured from left to ririht, Representative laibot 1-cilJ. Jr., Gov. Thurmond, Hervey Holt, president of the Kiwanis Club and Frank is ing, head of the Lions Club. _ 1: Counci the Association of American Railroads, announced in Atlanta last night that an embargo had been placed on rail shipments of cotton to all warehouses and compresses in Arkansas and Missouri. Re .said the action-was taken because of acute housing shorla for cotton in the two states. In Little Rock, W. S. Turner, secretary of the Arkansas Cotton Trade Association, said the embargo was the only solution to the overcrowding of cotton storage houses caused by an acute labor shortage. He added that "the cotton trade welcomes the embargo." A rail embargo previously Continued on page two Approximately sirsers Hempstead County 4-H Club members and special guests attended the first ;..n nual Achievement Banquet at Hotel Barlow last night, guests of the Hempstead County Chain Stove .Council. The iSroup was welcomed/ 'by-/-.. c E. Stoncciuist .who introduced principal speaker L. C. Baber. Regional Director of Chain Store Council, of Little Rock. Mr. Baber said in his opinion 4-H Club work is the "most constructive influence ol our times." to where they were ! Character, Leadership. Scrvic back down . before any effort was made to get them up. Does it make sense'.' Your own experience right in Hope tells you it doesn't. Vote AGAINST Amendment 40. here No. Holding Up Franco Aid Will Give New Opposition Chance , By JAMES THRASHER A few days ago Ihen; was a rumor that the United Stales gov- | ernn'L'iit might sponsor or support a Spanish bid lor United Na- j lions membership. This rumor ' followed closely on Sen. Chr<n ; Gurney's interview wail General!- j ssimo Franco, and the senator's ! subseciuent announcemi.'it th.at he j hoped normal diplomatic rehitio:is j between the Uniieu Stales and j Spain could be re.sumed. i Now conies word trial Spanish i Republicans and Monarchi;,ls '• agreed last August on a coalition guveri"imcnt-in-ex.ile 111 at v.-onld exclude Communists. It is noi clear i whether Ihe announcement of j this get-together was .speeded by j Senator Gurney's words: or Ine 1 rumor of Secretary Marshall's ae- l.ons. But it might we'll have had something lei dei in ce;meiilin;', a merger of Uvei groups who have Jillle in common except liatumai- Jty, exile, and loss of power to I''ranc'o. Tile British anel French g'ovcrn- ^ nients, being well to the loft of ours, are said lo favor this new arrangement. American reaction is reported lei lie in doubt, liut engineers of the ccjahlion v.vre quick to remind the world lii.it all three governments arc- plod a democratic regime The coalition |.u ov.i: conlinued e-fiort to Franco, an interim free elections, and a the return of just how the cans and the Memarchisls hope U * Continued on page two 4-' and Scholarship, were represented by Nancy Camp, Mary Anita Las- t-tor. Norma Jean Franks, and Catherine Cox, respectively. Don Dufi'ie, as torch bearer, conducted the new members lo the stations of the four ideals and then to the president. Bob Hyatt. i who led them in repeating the j pledge. The new members were presented pins and membership cards, and Mr. Herndon formally received them as members of the Hope Chapter. lln- stage decorations of yellow chrysanthemums and marigolds, yellow and white candles, and the gold NIIS emblem carried out the Color:; of the society. had Bodcaw School OrgcsBiizes c Glee CSub •".) r." A * B' f i 3erisn Asrhrt to Increase on The glee club and music students of Bodcaw School organi/.ed a j music club. All the women of Bodcaw community interested be present at Mrs. Chester Whillen's the third Wednesday night in next month a i. 7 o'clock. Officers are as follows: president. Ruth Phillips: vice-presidoht. Mrs. Ruth E. Turner: secretary-treasurer, KaUiryu WhilU-n; reporter. Dorothy Ward. Committees on program entertainment and rei'ri-shments: Virginia Vines. Mario Garner, Joyce Butler. Betty Atkinson. Morine ViiK-s. Earlene Cris.hman. tcsture for Mouofec o No wcley Of! ICv I By HAL BOYLE ier or ;. Hew York —- i/l'i -- Mad trappers,! "We; treacherous Indians and claim-1 are VLSI jumping Hold prospectors aren't causing ihe royal Canadian inounl- ed police- much trouble these days. V'.iit scientists are. "They go into the wilds to study the caribou or the. 1 habits of the natives," said inspector William Dick. "Often they don't have Ihe j proper gear, and when they get | lost we have; to go and yet them I ill." i is here with 'Si of j put on a rid'.n:4 j al the National i Madison Square: le> il. Mountie ill fad U>- e-r but less romaii- mnunl'.e of iielion. )U. And they academy. l!i horses but for training inspector. poses snnk'd "V r e still place mu'.'li importance on equitation. A nrin find:- lii.s own level on a hoivc. If he's timid the hur.si will show it up. And ridin" helps build a man's sflf-eont'i- The most important achievement arising out of 4-H club work is leadership, he continued. Quoting figures he said that over 50.000 members have been enrolled in club work in Arkansas each year for the past 20 years. As a result of this organization thousands of meetings are held annually with 4-H Club members presiding—an important step in' teaching leadership. Out of these meetings come L- 700.000 projects and demonstrations annually all of which arc desi^i'ii-d to improve Ihe person, land and home. In its first 100 years of statehood erosion cost Arkansas enough lop soil to cover 1-1 counties. 4-H clubs have played a very important part in correcting this dangerous loss, he stressed. Mr. Baber suggested a future goal of continued leadership in the 4-H club program. The 4-H club work teaches members to ;:<-t ;:lon.': with others and this fact alon; is "certainly a great need ol our time." he coiiduded. Hershel Sewel! presided over ihe meeting. It was also announceci that young Sewell would represent i-lempstt-ad County at die Statewide 4-H Club meeting on Nov.-mbcr 20-27. Invocation was by the Rev. St"ve Cook, pastor of First Presbyterian Church. Travis England responded to the welcome addre.-j by Mr. Stonequist. Carlton Cummin;; gave a report on activities of the clubs and Emma Louiso IJowi.- reporled on the American Uoya 1 ! meeting at Kansas City. It was i also announced that Eivima l.oui:-. would represent the girls Division of Hempstead -Ml Clubs at the Continued on page two By ROBERT Wiesbaden, Germany. Oct. 29— CUP)—The American commander who runs the Berlin airlift said today his planes soon will increase their haul by more than 1.000 tons day despite fall rains and winter weather. The quota for Berlin will be kicked up lo more than f>,ri()0 tons daily as soon as the GO additional four-engine C-.")-! cargo giants promised by President Truman are put into operation here. This was di;:e!osed in an interview with Maj. Gen. William H. Tunner, cliii 1 !' of the combined An- Klo-American airlift task force. Tunner learned how to tv.iul cargo by air when he bossed Ihe lamous v.'arllina' •'hump" operation that •'lev,' supplies into China across the Paris, Oct. 29 — (UP> — French troops opened a dawn attack on 3,000 striking miners barricaded ir the big Couriot pit in St. Efiennc. lin central France today and tool i possession after minor resistance. Other motorized troops and po- j lice continued their sweep through the northern coal fields, seizing mine alter mine from Communist- led strikers. At the same time, the government alerted troop* to be ready to ""[unload 2-1 coal ships tied' up in Frencli porls. Communist-led dock workers, in efforts to support the sagging coal strike, have refused lo unload Ihe ships. Resistance was virtually non-ex- istant as troops rolled toward their objectives in the fifth day of the government's campaign lo take mines away from strikers and re- Berlin, Oct. 29 —(UP)— The British stepped up their evacuation of sick children from Berlin today and the United States issued an official statement that American forces would remain in Germany indefinitely. The British military government said iiHO sick children would be carried out of the surface-blockaded city by air every week. Since Sept. 20. delicate and undernourished children and mothers have been evacuated at the rate of BO a day. An unidentified U. S. military government official told uneasy Germans over American-controlled radio stations in five cities that the U. S. Army and Air 'orce had the power to make the ccupation stick. Listeners in Berlin, Frankfurt jtuttgart, Munich and Breamen vere told the American occupation rmy was "backed by all Amcri _a's great productive power and icw secret weapons." It will stay n Germany until the new German state is firmly established md western Europe is strong enough to defend itself, the official "said. The spokesman who made the tatement never is identified in the 31'oaclcnsts which are made weekly. He is referred to only as an official spokesman for the U. S. military government. The American assurance to the Germans contrast strom'.ly with certain indications here that Russia may be preparing to withdraw its occupation forces. Communist Professor Juorgcn Kuczinsky wrote in the official party Organ Neiics Dcutlschland that the "Soviet occupation army is giving strongest support to pro- g re- its own Then U. S. to Reject Red Request on Force in Japan By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER Washington. Oct. 29 — (/P) — The United States will reject Russia's demand for an official report on Gen. Douglas MaeArthur's military conferences at Tokyo with other American commanders. The State Department made this clear in a statement declaring that uch talks are held by'MacArthur n his capacity as a mntoK nffirov nnH "nr ssive forces to pave the way for considerable withdrawal." has been services to prevent flooding and explosions. "The advance ol police forces in Ihe northern basin has been speeded up a Ministry of Interior com- munique announced. "Ail of the Douai group east of the Duuai-Lillc road now is occupied so that the whole mining basin brlwrcn this road and the Belgian frontier is now under police control "In I'as De Calais, police forces which liberated Oignies together v.'ilh its pits and various installations are now at Oslricouii and ad- vuncinu eastward toward the Douai-Lillo road. No noticeable resistance or incident lias been remitted." The ruffed :;i-nusi; net:; his name 1'iom the Latin "boiri:.:i", meaning bison, and was probably suggested by its headlong lli;.;hl Hushed. speculation that the arming anc strengthening of Communist police forces in the Soviet /.one of Germany heralded a Russian move to end the occupation. But Kuczln sky's article was the first monitor of' the possibility by a Communis ource. FBI Agent Talks on Crime at Rotary Meeting Dean Merely, FBI Agent of Little Rock, discussed crime at today's meeting of the Rotary Club and clcglamouri/ecl crime as portrayed in many movies. In discussing juvenile delinquency he pointed to boys clubs and Boy Scout organization as the best means to curb crime. Dale Simpson, special FBI agent of Texarkana was a guest. J. Arvil Hickman, local Scout Executive, had charge of the program. Ex-Resident of Nashville to Be Buried Here top United officer and "are purely rou- ine matters of sole-concern to this overnment." At the same time, the depart- -nont denied that the former Jay> mese navy yard at Yokosuka is 3oing converted into a modern na* 'al busc for American forces in he Far East. Soviet Ambassador Alexander S. Pnnyushkin voicead his demand for :in American explanation at a lie-cling of the Far Eastern Commission yesterday. The Slate Department declared its position last night. Its comment nowever, was in the form of .a public statement, rather than a diplomatic note. So the formal rejection will not be made until the commission meets again next Thursday in its role as adviser on Japanese occupation problems, Panyushkin announced his actic,,} a short time after Moscow had issued Prime Minister Stalin's blast against the Western powers, charging them with pursuing aggressive policies aimed at "the un-.. leashing of war." Both the envoy's move here an4 Sta.lm's slatenienits in Moscovu were linked in American official thinking to Russia's so-called., 'peace offensive." They were hv lerpretotl• as efforts by the Soviets,to pie-tare th'e "United States as"'a'* nation busily preparing for war while the Soviet Union is leading a great world movement for peace, Panyushkin based his demand for information on press reports of a conference MacArthur held in Tokyo October 12-14With Lt. Gen. Nathan F. Twining, commanding the Alaskan defenses, and Vice ' Adm. John L. McCrea, deputy commander of the Pacific fleet. The Russian ambassador said the subject discussed was "the question of increasing American occupation forces in Japan and that of preparing measures against .1 surprise attack on Japan — al- Continued on Page Three 4 -A Mrs. Dave Crawford, the former Miss Eliza Falls, a native of Nashville, died yesterday at her home in Colorado. Texas. The body will arrive in Hope at 1:30 p.m. Saturday for burial in Rose Hill cemetery. Services will be in charge of the Tien'. W. P. Ihirdegroe, pastor of First Presbyterian Church. She i.s survived by a brother. Will Falls of Mineral Springs and two step-sons. is *v r** r» J To Give Reds Same Medicine They Dish Out on Happenings m Event of War With Russia ,'T: Inspector Did: •hi.- rnuunties to ; di-muiu-tratioii i Horse Shov. in j 1 1:: si i-.-n. Tsov. 2 j Tin- Canadian | lay li.-aci.-i a bus lie life than the There are (.nlv By LEO TURNER New Yoik, Oct. 20. —(UPi— Sup pose vou woke- up tomorreiw morn in:; and found Hull the United Sl.il".'; and Russia were.- at war. What would be likely to hap pen'.' ; an expert em avia on that question i exclusive interview. Alexander De Seversky, of the imnerial Rus Academy and military I school and a former v;il ijfliciT who became l!!,i:; AmeM-ie'iiii iieronau lor and e-onsuHant and whal now is Ihe Hi-pub the lot Here i.s The Star's opinion. expressed editorially October on ihe iironusoLl aii'.t;!ii.:i!ijii'- acts which v, ill be voted on in general election Tiicsdav, No\ iforC'.' dominion law over :lons art. a ol !>.4(52,102 iles with a population of n KMilHI.OIIil. vasyy to iic- a inountir. - la.-rt (i.H'I'l apoliCi.nl.-: o!ny avcepled." said Inspector u'-igc'd velc-ran of 411 v.'ho year;; with the Canadian el them Iron all walks C,. W. Gilbert of Ho: lasl summe'i' sent twej ! i!K'lons lo I Ie m'v G 1'e Beverly Hills. Calif, a reC'eived the I'olleiwin.u I thank.-: I "Al last it seems 1 have j time' enough to wiile and thai: i for those wuiidc.'i'ful waterm i The larger ol llu- two n j nil iisuivd iiO" in length and \ i-d 1 Ki peiunils. The two me'.u • Helher we-umed 'i'i'.i pounds, id I\vc-nl V.-l'-.'.'-i people; and were able to e:r> el of the larger me! C :d that |,i-o , )V( , 1 . cm .. nv rmy is not a j--].. ul ,,, ; •'•• >ml(l '"'"Jl's: jto the I , Gieat Brit , r ,,,,,,,. n-.;' 1 .-irateaic j,,,,' Uu . s biasliii.u Rn~ li.»t>' roe'kel i i o m 1"'. n i;. anel the B4j. Does Russia have a bomber with sufficient rariKC to strike the United States mainland'.' "We know that Russia has in mass production its version of the B2!) which can reach any part of our anatomy from bases in Rus si,i in one- way. Karnakaxi style, suieide- attacks. But whether they have beimbers ram;e le> boinl) turn lo Russia, matiou." How would the lit in the jjictuic? "Pus.- cssioi! eif the atomb is a tronic'iicluiis advanlaj.!! vielecl you have superior and C'an attain the ri ..kie.s. n with sufficient our cities and re we have no infor atomic bomb Counts- Road Library Tax Amvnclrnenl i af Voter, i --- I- Ami'iidnienl I Mill Limit on AGAINST State A;! Val,',,' Act No. i eS Tax ••-• 1'OK. - FDR. m T:, ,1 Russia vantage., pe-an wai 1. It lu army thai could Eurooe 1 i'XCL-|)t ill '», LI. Tile Kur.isian land nriss he-ing •onipleli'lv .sell eontaineei makes jinekaeie imi ').-,:sit)le. which would viluee e-ur na\'ies to minor roles. 'A. Russia has a superior tactical , lir force- in numbe-rs lor close' j lenstve •anye bc.mba rcimenl. defense and i I'outiiu- 11! i :y e'Oiiju'ratliLin. "\V'e knejv.' Knssia aui'.bi 1 !' of je-t t'it4'nlei i! o\-e li'Mj null's an hour - k \- s a i e i. Russia ni.'\ er stopijeil producUon air force, Kaslern i.iee-n convertc'd to j. l I'iL-.hlera for Rus far hiy.iu-r than fea- Continued on puge two Tokyo, Oct. '2tJ (If)— If the So- vic-ls are trying to smoke out an evaluation of the American military potential in Japan they probably will fare no better than would an American request for blueprints eif Vladivostok. Bui Russian Ambassador Alexander S. Panyushkin's statement to the Far Eastern Commission in Washington yesterday again has focused attention on the position of these islands in Asia's military turmoil. Japan wilhout defenses would bear the same relationship to continental Asia as England without guns to Europe. Each is an important flank. On paper Japan is supposed to be totally defenseless. She has re- neninced war and armed forces under a constitution stimulated by American authoritcs. Her war machine and defenses have been torn apart. If the Russians had their way occupation authorities would make no attempt to substitute for them. Yet. Japan, in effect, is closer to the tumult of Asia than England is to Europe. There is no stable government between these islands and the extensive sweep to Communist influence on the Oriental .mainland. There are no equivalents of Benelux agreements between various Asiatic governments, all stricken by internal turmoil. Gen. McArl.hur has stated pub« ilicly the U. S, must protect the Japan she tore up as long as the occupation remains. Privately, American officials see no way the l United Suites could de-ce:ntly aban-' I clou 80,000.000 people of any na7 itionalily to a future made dismal t;ind]by warring China and stonily iinilesih . American authorities 1 be prepared for the; defc-ns,c nore than 120.000 AmtucaJi '. >oups and civilians us long as they remain in Japan. This neces* siiutes careful and long-rant,e de- plans the same kind of planning all military au- ihe-ities conduct whether the y are Iris a large i in Germany. Japan or Siberia. " v'-il'n speeds' On both counts, American au' Sever jthoritii-s have been obliged to' 'dovetail their preparations into •existing international agreL-meuts Kind inr'.oeii.ivoness regarding •Jap:.!!. They cannot build pcirua- !'.H-nt bases for instance, because Un.' one knows whether such bases 'would bo ncc-ented by the other lAUk-s. bomb pro air force hl-oi-WMv Seversky said. ,., tju-gets are impervious ' s t (J f ; ,tomic bombs und | dii-e-ct hit for cle;molilion. targets a TNT bomb of ;n, jie'i'haps rocket pro :iy havi? to be useel. 1 ' would have three ad at the outset of a Euro Sever.-ky .said. an overwhelming eiecup>' British all ofj K(1 Isles. »

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