Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on October 23, 1948 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Saturday, October 23, 1948
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Our Daily rea Sliced Thin by The Editor - Alex. H. Washburn Stolen From the Alamo One Bowie Knife I received (he following letter today from Congressman Oren Harris, El Dorado: "I have read with interest your editorial Tuesday, October 9. about the bovvie knife from Washington, Ark.. "On my way to Mexico in August I had occasion to go by the Alamo the short while I was in San Antonio. While there I was talking to the director in charge and the subject of the bowie knife arose when I mentioned that I was from Hcmpstcad county. She was quite interested in old Washington, Ark.. where the bowic knife originated "The greatest interest, however, was to locate one of the original Bowie knives. Bowie was one of those, I believe, that fought and died in the Alamo. The bowie knife was placed there in the museum. During the war when so many people visited it someone did the almost incredible act of stealing the knife. They are exceedingly anxious to get another one or at least a replica. "It occurred to me that someone in that area might still have one of these knives made by Mr. James Black. If so, and it could be provided for the Alamo to replace the one that was stolen, I think it would be as great a contribution as could be made wards the preservation of famous weapon. "It occurred to me that might have some reports from this story indicating where such a knife could be found. If so. arid the party would permit it. a worthwhile contribution could be made to- this you to this famous museum and history of that great tragedv. OREN HARRIS, M. C. Oct. 20, 1948 El Dorado, Ark. the Congressman Harris is referring. of course, to our book review of "Bowie Knife," by Raymond W. Thorp, University of Now Mexico Press, Albuquerque. N. M., $3. And his special interest is due to the fact that tile congressman himself was born in northern Hempstead county, and used to call Washington, where the bowie knife originated, his home If anyone in this area town. has a genuine bowic knife to replace the one stolen from the Alamo they may make arrangements with Congressman Harris at El Dorado, or The Star will be glad to relay any information to Mr. Harris. Of course the authenticity of any knife offered should be established to the satisfaction of the Alamo — • a great historical shrine and museum which the editor himse 1 ? visited and photographed in 1940. * •* •* Policy Toward Franco Spain Can Cause Us Embarrassment By JAMES THRASHER Bi-partisan foreign policy is a valuable and well-advertised American product, but also a WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair this afternoon^ tonight. Sunday. Colder tonight. Frost in north central portions. Low near 32 in northwest, north portions, cooler iu cast portion Sunday. 50TH YEAR: VOL. 50 — NO. 8 Star of Hopo 1899; Press 192? Consolidated Janunry 18, 192S HOPE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1948 . tNEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise A&s'n, PRICE 5c COPY y (Copyright, 1948, King Features Syndicate, Inc. Reproduction in whole or in part strictly prohibited.) fin today's article Mrs. Ka- senkina's story ncurs its dramatic climax. In it she relates the story of how she was guarded on her return to the Russian consulate, tells about her ordeal during the famous press interview and how Lomakin framed it, and how a tiny flame of hope began to rise in her heart, a hope for freedom through action by an American court.) INSTALLMENT 26 By OKSANA S. KASENKINA Edited by Issac Don Leavine There was no visible muzzle on me when I was taken that afternoon of Saturday, August 7, to face a group of reporters representing the New York press, yet I was gagged just as effectively as if 1 had worn one. The stage was set for a mock interview, in free America, on the order of the show trials put on in Moscow during the Great Purge. The stage manager and his assistant were Consul General Lomakin and Vice Consul Chepurnykh. Serving as a backdrop for the act was a small contingent of picked consular aides lined up against the wall in the rear. In my eyes visages stamped them as NKVD veterans. their beinj. I was so fagged out when they led inc into the room that I was afraid I would get dizzy and fall off the straight-backed chair offered to me. So I asked Chepurn- ykh to lot me sit on a sofa. That not a single representative of the press present at the interview spoke Russian was, I am con- to any pre-ar- effect. however, vinced, not due rangement. Ther was lo deliver me wholly into the hands of my puppeteers. It enabled them to frame the case according to their fantastic scheme and to present the fabrication to the word and to the American government as the truth. The conversation with the reporters being carried on in English, I barely understood what was going on. And I felt so humili- Here Are Hempstead Countyv.Winners in C. of C. Posture isas" Budget Approved for Boneville Sfrae Hospital Fort Smith. Oct. 23 — f/T) — A $2.671.120 budget for the Arkansas Tuberculosis sanitarium at Booneville has been approved by the Arkansas Legislative Council. Rep. Lewis Chastain, Fort Smith committee chairman, said the amount for 1940-51, representing an increase of about 30 per cent over the current appropriation, was ap proved at a mooting of the committee at the sanitarium yester day. Also approved, he reported, were requests for ?00,000 for expansion of the hospital dairy and $00,000 for a new sewage disposal system. —Photos by Shipley Studio Hope Chamber of Commerce Pasture Contest Winners — Left to right: Third Prize, Mr. and Mrs. Melson Frazier of Washington; Second Prize, Mr. and Mrs. Karl F. Radley of Sardis, north of Ozan; First Prize, Mr. and Mrs. Vernon Brown and daughter Mirla Ann of Spring Hil I . Discussion of tricky one. It concerns not only Messrs. Truman, Dcwey. Marshall, Vandenbcrg and Dulles. It concerns other government functionaries—among them, Sen. Chan Gurney of South Dakota, chairman 'f of the Senate Armed Services Committee. Senator Gurney's recent study of military conditions in Europe, observers say, may greatly affect the course of U. S. military policy. On one vital issue, however, we feel the senator has done his country a disservice. Senator Gurney had a talk with Generalissimo Franco in Madrid the other clay. Afterwards he said he favored complete re-establishment of relations between Spain k and the U. S. He said he was "Ire' mcndously impressed with Franco's pride in and his faith power." He did not come out in favor of military assistance to Franco, but he thought that Spain should receive economic help. As a result, the American' Embassy in Madrid had to announce that there was no basic difference of opinion between the State and Defense Departments toward Spain. ated at the role assigned to me that I could not look squarely at the newspaper people. Lomakin and Chepurnykh started off by giving to the press their own agreed account of the events which had made me seek shelter Amer-i al . tne fai ' n "> of the Tolstoy Foun- ratiier Ration. From my subsequent ques- the Spanish people in Spain'.! :niiilai-y By LOUIS NEVIN Paris, Oct. 23 — (/P)— The United Nations political committee today approved an Arab move to postpone consideration of the Palestine problem for one week. The United States voted with the Arab states. The postponement move carried by a vote of 1!) to 16. Fourteen nations. including Great Britain, abstained. The security council meanwhile waited for Moscow's answer to the compromise plan to settle the Berlin crisis offered by six neutral nations in the council yesterday. The Soviet bloc and Australia led the fight against postponement of the Holy Land debate. Committee C h a i r m a n Paul Henri Spaak of Belgium adjourned the body until Monday morning when he said the disarmament question would be debated if a subcommittee has completed its work. Otherwise the Greek question will be taken up, he said. Yugoslavia proposed inviting representatives of Gen. Markos Vafiaclcs, Communist leader of the Greek guerrillas, to attend the committee debates as observers. The Yugoslav resolution said the U, N, had not received "direct in, formation concerning the situation in Greece from all the parties con corned." The council adjourned until Mon day to five the principals in the Berlin dispute time to study the proposals! .The delijy •. apparently Hempstead County Winners in Arkansas Balanced Farming Competition — Left to right: First Prize, Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Bradford of Blevins; Second Prize, Mrs. Jock D. Allen and sons Billy and Bobby of Piney Grove (Mr. Allen was ill and unable to be in the picture ; Third Prize, Mr. and Mrs. Ivan Bright of Rocky Mound. tionings by the American authorities I ascertained how bizarre their account was and how replete with downright inventions. As an instance, it might be sufficient to cite the reported statement by Chepurnykh that my husband was a scientist who had been killed in the war. In my questionnaires and applications filled out in Moscow prior to my departure for America I had consistently recorded that my husband had died in 1927. When questions were addressed to me, they were interpreted for, me by my keepers, and my an-j swers. in turn, were interpreted ' and elaborated by them in a way which made some of the reporters look spoke say in the circumstances. the photographer got to take my picture with Lomakin. the latter urged me in Russian, "Smile!" I was made to pose facing Lomakin. Instead of smiling, I had lo stifle a cry. Fortunately the picture show's the pressure under which I was laboring. When the ordeal was over and the reporters rushed out, Lomakin escorted me upstairs to the room lobcots Get Past Stout Team skeptical. My own condition :> belter than anything I could Mr. Gurney has every right to I assigned to me. "All's well that . admire Franco and the Spanish people. He has an equal right to favor economic or military aid for them. But it would seem more prudent if, as a prominent member of the U. S. Congress and of ihe Republican Party, he had thought twice before making this embarrassing confession ot personal feelings. It the senator wished to advance the bi-partisan foreign policy that commutced to, ends well," he remarked with satisfaction. "You'll stay here with us until the next Soviet ship sails back home." And then he added: "As for Samarin — he's a clnrak A couple of the consular women who were to dog my steps dining the next five days came around to visit with me and to draw out any further information I niigh- yield. From them I learnpd that when Saiv.arins and I had failed to his party is commutced to, he j the might have remembered, as a sen-j come to the pier the- morning the | ator, that the Republican Senate j Po'jeda was to sail for Russia, the) persuaded the Republican House j departure of the ship was post-| to change its mind about recoin- I poned in the expectation that \ve ( mending Marshall Plan aid for ; would show up. Spain—a decision which, if carried j Since our luggage was on board out, would surely have lost us j the Soviet authorities at first iriends and encouraged eonimun- j thought thai sonic traffic accident isrn 'n Europe. j might have delayed us. Later. We are aianig, or have aided. : when a search revealed our disap- governiaenls in other countries that jpcarancc. Ihey became convinced give off somelhing less than a;tliat our defections had been part democratic aroma. Bui ai lens., jot those governments are ihix-alcned Led by Tommy Britt and Buddy Sutton and aided by the fine play of the Hope line, the Bobcats rolled up a 33-7 score on a powerful Camden eleven here last night before some 5000 fans to chalk up their seventh straight win of the season. The win was the second in District 7-AA conference play and put the Bobcats ahead in the standings. While tiie two Hope shil'lies did the scoring it was the Bobcat line that turned in heroic performance. In an effort to skip Camden's highly touted passing attack, which the Bobcats did when the chips were down, the line w'is reduced to five men allowing the Camden back:; lo crash through on the ground. Tile line held Camclc-n on the 10 for 4 downs, but a penalty uave them a first on the Hope 5 which resulted in the loi:e Panther score. Again in the opening period the line stopped Camden on the 1-yard maiker. Although Britl scored Ihe touchdowns. I wo on beautiful runs, it was Sutlon who did the hard work Ihoughonl. lluddleslon's defensive play was outstanding and Bearden's blocking the best. Camden fielded the best team the Bobcats have been up against this season. Besides a strong, running attack featuring Rice. and Cross their passing was almost perlect. In the line Siilton. at lot'! end, was pavUenhiiiy onlslanding. In the Hop-..- line it was Dufiie. Garrett and Mi-Cargo while liani- mons turned in his best game ai end. Rnsseil is improving at guard and made Hope's lone pass interception lo .slop a Panther drive. To open the conlesl Buddy Sut- BndusfriaJisfrs End Long Tour of Arkansas —iVP)— writers Hot Springs. Oct. 23 A dozen industrialists and wound up a whirlwind tour of Southwest Arkansas at a Chamber of Commerce banquet here last night. C. Hamilton Moses. Little Rock, who headed the four urged Hot Springs citizens to advertise Arkansas in all their contacts with the city's 300.000 visitors who come here each year. Said Fighting »*# «s? Texarkana—Edward Paul, 28. of Emmet, Ark., v.-as charged with driving while intoxicated by Texarkana, Ark 1 ., police after his car was in collision with another car at Broad and Linden streets about 5 p.m. Friday. The driver of the other car was Mrs. D. H. Kite. 31, of Route ti, Box US, T e.xarkana. police said. Mrs. Kile is a nurses' aid at St. Michael Hospital. An- Easl Funeral Home ambulance took Mrs. Kilo and Paul to i Si. Michael Hospital, where they I were treated t'or slight injuries. An unidentified girl companion of Paid's escaped injury. Both cars were heavily damaged, police said. atsm (•'.-a to tlu I'rescott—Peachey scored two touchdown.-- ening quarter to lead Tel Aviv, Oct. 23 —(UP)— Both Arab and Jewish reports said today that severe fighting has bcok en out in the Syria border nrih.C clay tiial severe fighting has brok- of Northern Palestine. Syrian troops and Arab irregu- c Uu.s under Fawv.i ElKaukji are i battling against Israeli troops in the Manara area, these reports said. Jewish sources said their field reports admitted the Syrians had captured the heights of Sheik Abbad and wen. 1 pressing the attack with considerable force. The .lews blamed the attack on the Syrians. Arab reports from Beirut said Israeli troops started tiie attack by directing mort'U' fire on .S.yi'U.n positions. Syria has protested the attack to in the ojj- i the' United is'alkms. the 1 Beirut dis- the^Curk'.v i patches said. Israeli officials IsaUl they had protested to United French Send Troops to Rout Striking Miners By JOSEPH W. GR1GG Paris. Oct. 2:) —(UP)— Tough. Senegalese infantry from Moiocco were rushed inio the coal fields of Central France today to reinforce 7,000 French troops who have been alerted to drive thousands of barii- caded miners from coal pits m the St. Etienne area. The French government declared virtual state of siege and issued orders to the troops to shoot f necessary in their battles with the strikers. Communist officials of the coal miners union weie reported handing out rifles, pistols and hand grenades to the miners. Heavy fighting was feared in tha key Couriot pit in the heart of St; EUcnnc, whore 3,000 miners were waiting behind barricades toppea by tubs of gasoline. Tho miners have threatened to ignite the gasa-/ lino and spill it on attacking* troops. The Moroccans won their first • objective without a fight. Strikers !car colonial troops because they ' do not hesitate to shoot to kill when ordered. Miners besieging about 100 security guards in the Alouette mmd • at MonceauLes-Mincs, 90 miles north of St. Ettienhe, withdrew and permitted the guards to march, out when the Moroccans appeared. Heavy fighting was predicted by joth government and Communist .eaders as the 20day-old stuke, ia which at least seven persons havj died, headed for a showdown. The French government issue I emergency orders last ni;'hl, placing. France in a virtual slate cf siege. The orders authorized troop-. to shoot, recalled reservists, authorized a ban on union im-etinr. and provided for deportation <J foreign agitators. Other battles were threatened 5 t the strikebound mines of centn L France, which the goveinmer t- charged were shut down by tfaj f Communist-led General Confc-dem-, • lion of Labor (CGT) to sabotage' 4 France's contribution to the Eur> pcan Recovery Program.:; „ Troops have thrown strikers ort^ 1 of a half dozen other pits; in the S f ./'j Etieniic area during the- pas>t w^* •* ot fighting;"-ijt vti)% :.reported' miners weriVJni^sb'iYsp for atten was cifin to give Minister Soviet Deputy For Andrei Y. Vishinsky of headquartlei'.s in Wolves to a KM1 victory delphia here tonight. I Nations trucx The fleet Present! hallback ' Haifa. dossed the ;!o;il lice once on a I Israeli officials .said the fighting 15-yard jaunt and again on a fi-yard jwas a "grave a);gi'e:,sive action sprint. Peachey also parsed to Slo- i which may lead to a general 1'liii-c- vell for the extra point. |up in the whole region Proscotl four for and Orren made 1-1 iirsi downs to Arliadelplna. Peachey w.-re upstanding for Ihe Clover were visitors. eadquarters report- scale fii;bUii!; con Haifa truce cd thai small tinned in a number of sectors in Egypt, John Erskin Read tiie N.-gcv region of Southern Pal|ada and Bohclan Winiarski of Po Continued on Page Three time to refer the text of the neutrals' resolution ot the Kremlin .for a final decision. The Western powers already had signified their acceptance of the settlement plan outlined by Argentine Foreign Minister Juan Bramu glia yesterday as spokesmen for the six nations offering the resolu lion. The formula called for an im mediate end to all travel and transport restrictions between the Eastern and Western zones of Ger many and immediate calling of a fourpower parley to establish the Soviet zone mark as the sole cur rency of Berlin, under fourpower control. The resolution called upon the four powers to conclude a cur rency agreement by Nov. 20 and to convene a meeting of the four power foreign ministers council to take up all outstanding German problems within 10 days there after. Vishinsky, it was learned, made a last-minute effort to persuade the neutrals to redraft the resolu tion so that the blockade would not have to be lifted until an accord was reached on currency. Vishinsky's idea was rejected and tin; neutral:; determined to stick to the text of the resolution. The assembly and .security council yesterday rcelecled five judges to the international court of justice. Four were chosen at day sessions but three ballots and a night session were necessary to reeled Judge Milova Zoroci of Yugoslavia. The others renamed for nine vear terms were Judges Hsu Mo of China, Abdol Hamid Badawi of of Can 'land. I was unable lo ; • persuade them thai I had no fore-1 'knowledge of the Samarins' plans' i to remain in America and thai !• by Ihe forcible imposition of communism. This is nol the case inlui remain in America and thai Spain, where communism and dei'n-; had never confided jny own plans I ocracy are suppressed. jto them. aid lo the Axis in World ! The door to my room was kepi ocracy Spam' War II could scarcely be contained i (J pen al night, in the hallway within the bounds, ot technical nou- j eot was put up on which one ihe j irality. iv.omen e'er!-:.-:, of ihe consulate! Senator Gurney has his clear • slept, presumably to keep me com-, rights of expression. But he alsojpany but realty to walch over me. i has duties as an intelligent jAcru.-s from 'he a loyal party man and a rep- j copied were '.1 resentalive of govi-rnmcnl, lie lias 'ihe duly lo remember thai when he speaks in Europe. L'ut'upe can be forgiven for imagining tha. he speaks for his pail.y and 1m government. The government of wnich lie i-, a part has been forced to M:.J:U- enough saci'ii.ce:-: of idealism ;ur expediency as il is. H:s 'uisumo praise ol Franco does Lot n o ; of Lumakin himself, consisting of an alcove with a kitchenette and a large room opening on the court in the rear of the building. ''..i TV over the press inter- x-w njlo anxiciy v. Hen lh r .' ion )o:-i ;•;. Brill who score. Lee C'a mden no taking to scon downs on ;he ally ,,n Inn.- ih ors a first on Rice cru.'.-ed t: cd the point 1 111 the seen marc); M < -\\ :-paper> containing tin- reports of 11 task of maintaining a united AUK. iean from any easier. .mie clear thai T was exploited tur propaganda poses. At ihe same time 111 1 itu-je for my health niv gua rdians w a s .me. Tli.-y were ;jla; , i In the morning the sli; '"-'. r.ring in tea and „,„.• called ; ly br-.-akla:-.!.-,j v .'ilh 1111 '" ii:V ,-l.e.i!., -,'-,I)l !iu-!i I Fred liobci'tson. chairma Athletic committee for Uv jean Legion announced that there would be a practice for the Legion 1 . ; basketball team at the High School ,,.;; Monday night al 7:.'iO. This will b- , (| ; the first of sever,,I practice :'c.-.- j,'! sions to be held before tiie hea.ii 1 !: ,;" j begin:-. :() i The Legion basketball team had I a very successful season la.-il year There !s One College in the U.S. That Doesn't Go By SAUL PETT (For Hal Boyle > to. rccapturp . th«j&.pUs : An c.stiin*ated'n50,00u of „ 350,000 Communistlcd miners wOiSt ,""'•* in the St. Etienne area, one of th •>, ' country's major industrial centeffi' ' How many of these were, prepare f; lo battle against the troops waji, * not known. " Finland Reds Demonstrate, Two Hurt Helsinki, Oct. 23 (UP)—Two policemen were injured today whe i 000 to 800 Communists demonstrated outside the stukebounl Arabia China factory in the second day of labor, trouble in Finlanc. Twelve persons were arreste.l after policemen were stoned by a shouting mob trying to prevent workers from entering the China factory. Forty mounted an-1 100 other policemen, swinging clubs, scattered the demonstrate s, whObj number at one time was estimated at 1,500. The battling started when the • Communists attempted to halt 700 ' non-strikers from enteune the' 1 ' factory at 0:30 a. m. The plant, >? which employs 2,000 workeis, hds" 1 ' been out on an unauthorised s,tnks VJ for two weeks. *"' Forty mounted police and: JQO.',,-. foot police charged the mob with, i ' rubber trunchi.-ons and .bioke up, F the demonstration -jfter an hour, " Eleven demonstrators were airestr cd. Nine other Commiiniht "ft Washington School Bmadcasi-s Program Every Thursday to 11: . ' eludes all the ideas of the world, no matter who's 1 selling them. You can .get liia! fei ling just in one night' It won't cost a penny. You | .. ... ilon' have to know anybody toj b For tlu years now some of the I best minds in this country —- and! tlu-y fretiueuUy didn't agree with j . :• (lie prevailing political. religious !>lllKt -' and academic powers—.have been .-'peaking ineir piece n that auditorium. Lincoln did in U'.liU and nobody milch minded lhai lie forgot to remove the pencil stub from behind his ear. The pi/dium Lincoln Ihi-re or. t!u.' plalinrn memory of his last :-r:OV,y iligilt 1)1 liiljl): faith that right mak ii, thai faith, let us used is still! . So is the j words on tlr.it ! : "Let U.S have tni^ht and. to the end our duty as v.'c undi FU ] (tare lo |-tand it." ; From Lincoln through Wilson. !3 'aii pi'e^ idenls have spoken .So did Hubert lnger;;o!l, views on religion were so lie had to have protection u the CIUWL'I. Henry George, the it single-lax economist, col onstralors were arrested yesterday when a mob of several thousand; inarched on the Arabia plant. Police said only one of the nine employed nt Arabia. Minister of Interior Aarii Simoeirt. * said the demonstrators, would be placed on trial on chaises, of' throwing stones at police At least four other wildcat walk-, outs, none authorized by the Fvm' nish trade union congress, aie m,, progress in Finland. ,' Nearly 3,000 dockworkcis wt,»| ' on strike in Helsinki burbot yestor* day in sympathy with the Aialjia, ers, halting the unloading of 10 freighters. , Fifteen hundred workers at a railway factory in Helsinki to follow a Communist appeal but two other sympathy strikes were scheduled foi today. Some 1,700 duck vvorkcia die Q>.\, .•.trike at Turku, ia Sauthuu&teEt* Finland, and a smaller giuup ,'$% dock workers are out in Ki_ r ni, HV Northern Finland. i * President Juno K. PaajJtavl called an emergency cabinet in,g today to consider the strike. The Finnish Communist p.irty, in a declaration pulbishcd in Conimu-i r _ nisi iiewspapers, demanded th t jlnloriur Minister -Simoon and H 1 , 3 |sinki Police Chief Karl Garvlett- 1 son be fired. Simoen is a, Socially . BACK .•rlin, IN GERMANY Ocl. 2'j * *r ,4 A! Mai. Meil. on Pa^c- i'oui 1 •to - (UP) — Gesv'-w .'Sed on tin- Cooper Union sUige, j Lucius D. Clay arrived, bj- plai'd T j he was about lo accept the i today from tile Unite I ' btdttj-, fj axeruky nomination, and died itijwherc he went for a shoit VH-J-cj c adjacent "g.ix-en room." [and a speech Thursdy ni^lu at O"'- iVIaik Tuain talkeii about the Alfred F.. Smith dinner m Continued on Page Three York. y

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