Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on October 20, 1948 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, October 20, 1948
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Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor '———Alex. H. Washburn——— Greetings to Hope's Guests and a Rap at Reds Hope looks for a record turnout at tonight's farm banquet, in Fair park at 6 o'clock. It will mark the conclusion of (1) the Hope Chamber of Com- f- mcrce Pasture Improvement Campaign and (2) the Arkansas Balanced Farming Competition—with the county winners to be announced in both contests. Beyond the beneficial effect such campaigns have for our section in general tonight's mooting holds specific interest because C. Hamilton Moses, president of the State Chamber of Commerce, is bringing to the banquet a delegation of Eastern correspondents and photographers who have been mailing a /ijj'.tour of Arkansas. Greetings from Hope to Mr. Moses ana the visiting firemen. If Hope business people seam to be building a fire under this meeting tonignt the leasi you can say about 'em is that they are in the same shape this writer finds himself—last Spring we promised $100 in prizes irom the newspaper for the C. of C. Pasture Improvement Campaign; and anything you 1 a financial stake in suddenly have becomes important. * That's the unexpected angle prize contests—you have entrants corning .... and donors going .... of the the WEATHER FORECAST Arknnsas: Partly cloudy," warmer, scattered showers northwest portion this afternoon, tonight Thursday cloudy scattered showers cast, south portions. Cooler northwest portion. 50TH YEAR: VOL. 50 — NO. 6 Star of Hopo 1899; Press 1927 Consoliriotod January 18, 192V HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1948 (AP)—Means Associated Press I'NEA) —Weans Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY Before the war I used to get some literature from an outfit called Consumers Union, address 17 Union Square. New York 3, ,N Y. —and I thought it had died. But it hasn't. Another prospectus turned up in this morning's mail. Consumers Union, claiming a membership of 150,000 families, .. undertakes to test and judge the " branded and advertised goods of American factories, reporting its findings to the membership wuli I a recommendation "to buy" or! "not to buy." "Eleven years of j such tests," the prospectus tells | me, "have shown thai the mosi expensive products are ottcn not the best; and that brand names and claims are equally unreliable guides to quality." That Consumers Union is poison to a newspaper, which sells adver- i using, and to a merchant, who sells V'branded goods, is obvious. But it is poison to professional men also. lor it offers advice on health and medicine, and other matters. You get this universal advisory service for the insignificant fee of $5 per year. But Consumers Union is a liar at the top level. How for S5 a year can you buy anything like the guarantee given by national brands? And when is the American public ., going to give up the right to be •^'its own judge and jury on spending its own money in the market place? Not now anyway—for Consumers Union's admission that it has only 150,000 family members in all America is clear evidence that the public trusts its own judgment ahead of any committee hailing from Union Square, New York. By WILLIAM MOORE Seoul Oct. 20 —(/n — A pitched battle between loyal and insurgent Korean soldiers was expected in the extreme southern part of Korea tonight after a rebel 'band of soldiers killed or captured 100 policemen at two towns. Martial law was declared in south Korea—the American zone— by Home Minister T. Y. Yoon shortly after President Syngman Rhce returned here from Japan. The uprising began at Yosu on the South Coast and spread quickly to Suchon 12 miles away. Yoon said the rebels were led by Communist soldiers. Police stations of both towns were burned. Loyal soldiers at Yosu were evacuated by the Korean coast guard after the uprising. The growing insurgent force was Palestine Dwindles With reported marching -on Kwangju capital of south Cholla Province. Troops and Korean police were sent to me'ct them. Government authorities expected a battle during the night but because of. the remoteness of the area reports from there were not expected until later. ere Council Takes Up Routine Business Only routine business cussed at last night's regular council session and the group passed an ordinance requiring all trucks over a half-ton to park parallel with the curbs in downtown Hope. *' The group took under considera- ! tion an application from Charles I Key to rent building 205 at Munici- | pal airport for $10 per month for the next 3 years. Byron Hefner is also sicking to rent the tanking and would pay $30 per nior.;h. C. O. Thomas reported on Hope' Bodcaw electrical line, 1 and a tenth mile, serving six customers. Cost of the line would be $1700 and income would be $24 monthly average. Construction was approved. E. D. Douglas gave a detailed » financial report on expenditures at the Negro Park and asked eontin- I tied aid. No action was taken. j Kenneth Hamilton, representing the Livestock Association, asked refund of $100 paid city by Snapp Shows and payment of two bills by the city amounting to S314.U9. 'Ihe council remitted the S100 license fee but refused to pay the two bills. A contract was awarded to M. S. Bales for leasing of 750 acres of city-owned land in SPG for period of five years for a sum of S3,500 •''» with payments made yearly. A motion was passed to lay a C" water line a distance of 10511 i'eol. to Hope Basket Co. plant to increase water pressure in case of fire. The motion was passed w.ih a condition that the Basket pl.o-u furnish caulking lead. C. U. '."no- inas was authorized to lower the water line on East 13th St. The group voted to allow the Fire Department to purchase a new motor for a tank truck. The Wife of Nazi 'Hangman' to Serve Life By the .school teacher who risked death rather than . return to Russia. (Copyright, 1948, King Features Syndicate, Inc.. Reproduction in whole or in part strictly pro- n ibited.) '-.'. , In today's article, Mrs. Ka- scnkina explains the events leading up, to her writing the impulsive and ..'fateful letter which was to bring about the raid on Reed farm under the leadership of the Russian Consul General Lomakin). INSTALLMENT 23 By OKSANA S. KASENKINA Edited by Isaac Don Levine I had longed for an American atmosphere when I broke away from my Soviet guardians, but I was plunged into a stilling Russian atmosphere when I settled down at the Reed Farm of the Tolstoy Foundation. Despite the angelic character of Countess Alexandra Tolstoy, who unfortunately was away most of the time at her New York offices. I found myself under suspicion and surveillance at the institution this time as a Soviet spy! II is with deep pain that I am describing this interlude of my critical days from Saturday July 31. to 'Saturday August 7. I value highly the great humanitarian work being carried on by the Tolstoy • Foundation for the relief of the help i less Russian DPs in Europe and America and hope to be of help in this sacred cause when I recover. Yet I cannot hold back the truth about the conditions that drove me to write my impulsive letter to the Soviet consul general, which eventually led to my seizure by him and his aides and lo my imprisonment in the consulate. Upon my arrival at the farm. Countess Tolstoy and Vladimir Zendinov, who had brought me there, examined my pass port and found that my visa to remain in the United Slates was valid for some time. Miss Tolstoy then told me she would get in touch with the proper authorities to insure my continued legal residence in this country. We had a heart-to-heart talk and I was installed in a comfortable room for the night. I was given an assumed name under which I was to live at the farm.. Miss Tolstoy also cautioned me not to discuss my affairs and to do as little talking as possible. There were close to a hundred inmates in the place, of both sexes and of all ages and stations of life. Most of them had left Russia in the First refugee wave after the Bolshevik Revolution some thirty years ago, and included members of the nobility and the old military class. I became an object of instant curiosity, especially when I was tranferred Ihe following day to the screened .porch which I shared with the supervisor of the establishment, Martha Andre- yevna Knutson, an experienced and admirable social worker. I was assigned to work in the kitchen. Looking back upon the events of those days, I now realize that I had arrived at the farm in a highly nervous stale. I should have begged off from unaccustomed toil until I had had a rest. I know that my not showing up at the sailing of the Soviet ship would lead to a widespread hunt for me. The dru- gery in the mat's production kitchen, whether it was peeling potatoes or shelling eggs was irritating. 1 would have preferred a factory job. One say Mrs. Knutson even re- s | marked to me: "I can see you're not used lo kitchen chores. Who took care of you all you life'.'" "I've been a teacher all my life," I replied, "and Ihe kitchen was not one of my specialities." To myself I kepi saying, "this is hard work but at least you're out of Soviet hands." The inmates began to oye me suspiciously. Every evening they would gather on the veranda and engage in political discussions. I did not participate in thorn, true lo Miss Tolstoy's instructions. My s,- lence gave rise to significant | glances. There were many in the assemblage who did not speak the democratic language of Mark Weinbaum. of the Novoye Rtij.skoye Slovo, the Russian newspaper, or of Zeimnov, or of Miss Tolstoy herself. Those people had inspired me will) confidence because of their liberalism. My dream has always boon a clemoeralie lUissia. I was now torceii to li.-.tcn mostly i to talk ol a rosloralion ol Ihe monarchy ailer the collapse of the Soviet regime. Tins anledilvian United Press palaver gralod upon me. but 1 rcury made a rebound to I could not answer il. mpcratures over Arkan- Then there '.-.'as constant bicker- Tel Aviv Israel Oct. 20 — (IF)— The Israel government received today the United Nations order to cease firing in the Negcv desert battle. (Egypt also received official notification of the cease fire order. Premier M a h m o u d Nokrashi Pasha told newsmen in Cairo "Jewish aggression" continued this morning. He said the U. N. order did not fix any deadline and he understood this would be set by the acting 'meditor Dr. Ralph Bunche.) Fighting dwindled but it appeared the Jewish army already had accomplished its major objectives. The Israeli air force last night air again bombed Gaza in an attack described as "heavy and successful." Jewish planes also struck Bpersheba El Arish Majdal and Biet Jibrin. An informant said Jewish infan try is "consolidating its positions" atop captured heights controlling two key roads of southern Palestine. One road leads to the Negev its 25 Jewish settlements. Little Rock. Oct. 20 — f/P)— Eight speeches have been planned by Gov. J. Strom Thurmond, States Rights Democrat presidential nominee, during his two-day tour through Arkansas next week." The South Carolina governor will make his first stop at 9:30 a. m. Monday in Magnolia. Other appearances on his first day's iten- erary include: Carriden at noon, Jonesboro at 3:30 p. m., and a Little Rock radio interview at 6:30 p. m. Thurmond will speak at Robinson Auditorium here Monday at 8 p. m. His second day's tour will include two addresses at Hope on Tuesday and a speech at an Arkansas Student Political League rally in FayeUevillc at 8 p. m. He will leave Wednesday for Shrcvcport. La., but will return for a final address in Arkansas at Texarkana that night. His wife will accompany him on the campaign tour. They will travel by airplane. and The clearing of this road was a declared objective of the Jewish attack which began last Friday. The second road was the Egyptians' own supply route to their front South of Jerusalem the Beersheba road which the Jews appeared to have breached widely. An Israeli military said the flight of civilian Arabs rojn Ihe porl city of Gaza a major Egyptian troop base and seal of- the Arab Palestine government apparently is continuing. Unofficial observers here believe the Jews have obtained positions military and bargaining positions they had wanted on the Negcv issue. Hope Salvage Co.. llf, Easl Third Street, will formally open on Thursday, October 21. The new firm being opened by Dorsey Fullt . and his father, Homer Fuller, both well-known [lope men. Tho store will carry a complete stock of toys. clothing, kitchen ware, aluminum, accessories and hundreds of hard to {-el. The public is invited Hope's newest business other items, ."nany to inspect house. Rocky Mound Trying to Get Church Building Kcsidents of Rocky Mound are asked to moot at 7:30 Thursday ni.yht, October 21, to discuss securing the old school building for a new church. All interested 'persons are asked to attend. . Nelson, Blevins School ss oJv? Little Rock, Oct. 20 — fUP> — Progress was made in the harvest :>£ rice and cotton in Arkansas last week because of the "almost ideal" weather, the Federal-State Weather and Crop bulletin reported today. It was the fifth consecutive week, the report said, that the elements abetted Arkansas planters in the gatheriim of their bumper crops. The heavy labor demands for rice and cotton, however, delayed the harvest of corn and sorghums. "Seeding of small grains and winter cover crops was light because of dry weather," the report said, "but good rains over the weekend should put .many fields in condition for seeding." Killing frost and freezing temperatures in northern counties and light to heavy frost throughout the state early this week did little damage because most crops are mature. Cotton picking is making rapid strides, although more pickers arc needed in some areas. Gins are operating fulltime and in a few areas ginnings so far already have exceeded total ginnings for the previous season. For the state a:; a whole, almost three-fifths of the spokesman crop has been harvested. Tha rice harvest continues at a fairly rapid rate, but is slowed somewhat by a shortage of drying and storage facilities. Harvest is es Fire of undetermined origin gutted living quarters of-the C. B. Russell Grocery on West Third early last night and first estimates placed the loss at several thousand dollars. The blaze apparently originated in the living quarters and completely gutted that part of the building, in which the Russell family lived. The grocery store in front was damaged mostly by water and smoke. The fire was confined to the rear of the building but extended in the attic in the front part. Cofion Ginned in Hempsfecid Totals 6171 Boles A census report shows that 6,171 bales of cotton were ginned in Hempstead county from the crop of 1948 prior to October 1 as compared with 1,680 bales for the crop of 1947. about three-fourths complete, yields arc reported good. and 0 M. L. Nelson, Blevins merchant and school director, was awarded a framed Arkansas Traveler commission for the completion of 41 years as a director of the lilcvins consolidated rural school district in ceremonies conducted at the school gymnasium just before noon today by the Slate Department of Education. Present were: State Commissioner of Education Ralph Jones; John Trice, supervisor of rural education for the State Department of Education; A. B. Wothorington, former Blevins superintendent, now director of school transportation for the State Department of Education; Cecil Shuffield. of Nashville, Howard county supervisor, and president of the Arkansas Education Association; Elmer R. Brown. Hcmpstead county supervisor; Superintendent J. 11. Meaders of. the Blevins school district; and Blevins District Directors J. J. Bruce. Chester McCaskill and P. C. Stephens. The Arkansas Traveler commission was presented Mr. Nelson by Mr. Wctheringlon at the conclusion of a 45-minulc review, by several speakers, of the growth of the Blevins system from a one-teacher school in 1907 to one of the largest and best rural consolidated schools in Arkansas and the Southwest. Superintendent Headers 1'irsl introduced Hempstead County Supervisor Brown, and Mr. Brown said: "In 1907 when Mr. Nelson first became a director of the Blevins school it had only one teacher. 3C pupils, and an annual budget of $2;M1—that is correct. .$250. ' "Today the district embraces most of the northern boundary country of Hempstead. including Blevins. McCaskill, Helton and oilier communities. It has 45 teachers. ' approximately 1,000 I pupils. 17 buses, and an annual ] budget of $104,138. "The significant thing about this growth is that it represents not only a geographical consolidation but a dramatic growth in school philosophy—for, where the 1907 school was supported entirely by local taxation there has been a steady increase in the percentage of outside support, for the Blevins district is not rich in property or resources. By 11)25 outside help Girl Goes Back Info Burning Home, Perishes New York Oct. 20 — (/Pi— Breaking away from rescuers, a six- year-old girl ran back into her olazing Brooklyn home and died in the flames yesterday. Officers could not learn why the victim, Margaret Johnson, darted back into her fire-swept ground- lloor apartment while being led out through a hallway. Her mother, Mrs. Rose Johnson, a widow, and three sister:; were rescued by passersby. Two of the sisters were badly hurt. Origin of termined. the fire was not de- tench Tryp Crisis Savannah, Ga., Oct. 20 — 1/T) — Police saved a Negro last night from possible lynching by mem- he had elderly bcrs of his own race after assaulted and robbed an Paris, Oct. 20 —-IUP> —The French cabinet was ^called into urgent session today to consider the serious shortage of gas. electricity and water resulting from the 17-day Communist-ted strike of 350, 100 coal miners. As cabinet ministers debated possible new anti-strike measures, including further seizures of struck mines, these were the latest developments: 1. Ten thousand French troops massed near St. Etienne in the strife-torn central coal fields awaiting possible orders to storm the Couriot mine which 2,000 striking miners have converted into a miniature fortress. 2. A (JlH)-bed hospital in the Northern coal belt town of Lens had to suspend surgery and prepared to send some of its patients nome. 3. Bakers; sold flour to customers and told them to bake their own bread because of the cooking gas shortage. 4. New sympathy strikes were threatened. 5. The French Confederation of Labor. Communist organization spearheading the strikes, said in a communique that government resistance to the miners demands was the plan of "foreign capitalists Farm Dinner to Attract 300 Tonight About 300 farm folk, businessmen and newspaper writer-> w>ll attend a balanced farming and pasture development dinner hoic tonight at Fair park and hear C, Hamilton Moses, president of the Arkansas Power and Light Co and head of Ihi; Arkansas Economic Council, State Chamber of Commerce, talk on "Building Your Home Town." ' At. the meeting tonight winners in the Arkansas Balanced Farming Contest and the Hope Chamber of Commerce's pasture development program, will be announced and awarded prizes ranging from cash to groceries. Mr. Moses is heading a gioup on a 700-milcs tour of Arkansas. Tha "tourists", about 20. were in Texarkana last night and were scheduled to arrive in Hope this afternoon where they will make a tour of the University of Arkansas Fruit and Truck Experiment Station, AH of Mr. Hamilton's party will attend tonight's dinner. Among those on the tour arc G. Arthur Sullivan of Jackson, Mississippi, acting secretary of the Mississippi Economic Council, Ohn Taylor, industrial representative,, Mississippi Power and Light Company; Edmund Taylor, piesidcnt of the Mississippi Power and constituted 18 per cent'ol Blevins' to reduce the working class to im- in i<nn ihi>: potency. It called on "all workers white druggist, Detective . Chief John C. McCarthy reported. McCarthy said the presence of a white detective. J. W. Walker, prevented a mob of angry Negroes frcm harming the prisoner, identified as Frank Mack, 28, an ex- convict. Mack had held up Dr. B. W. Hardee, 71, white druggist, at the point of a knife, then slashed and beat him and fled, McCarthy said. Several Negroes saw Mack, the officer, said, and gave pursuit. They were joined by policemen and after a lengthy chase Mack was caught by Walker and Negro Officer F. B. Mullino. A mob of angry Negroes quickly surrounded the officers and the prisoner. McCarthy related. He said the Negroes begged the officers to turn Mack over to them. "Let us have him." McCarthy quoted one Negro. "When we got done with him he won't trouble you no more." Chief McCarthy said Mack will be charged with armed robbery, which carries a maximum penalty of death. Things Change in Few Years- Former German Prisoner Now in U.S. as a Weather isi State Remains Reasonably Cold Prague. Czechoslovakia, (.let. 20 —(/Pi—Margreta Heydrieh. 37. widow of "hangman" Keinhard Hey- drieh, was sentenevd in Absentia yesterday to life inprisoninenl. The wido.v of Hitler's assassinated protector of Bohemia and * Moravia, is reported by the Soviet sponsored news a.ueney ADN u> be living in the British /'.one in G^r- rnany. The court ehai'iieil hi.-r with torturing Jews who siTVid as h-lavi.- laborers fur Ht-ydrich. Tin- prosecution .solid thai' ai;i-r tV.ci-h parachutists sU-w lu-r husbi.nd ii: 19-12. siuj di-ji-K.ndi.-d tin- iH'aili of ai;\- oiiu- L-VI-II ;:ii.-~p;-L-ud uf having had a part in the killing. By The m hi;'her t sa:- today although m'injcd .seasonably Gilbert still had t raime in temperature: and today with a hie, gives and a low of 26 The foiveast cloiuiy and wan sho'.voi.- in thi- i ern portion this nii'lit. ami parti wi'ih scattered t liini .smith portion.-:. ih.^ii and lov, reauh the weather eool. re- o greatest yesterday 77 do ing and wrangling among the habitue;, oi UK- institution. Everybody watched ovi'O'body else. i.<<iurrel.s over potty matters we re common. Those- \v!\o hud lilies or runk in the iftiL^ u.^u demanded thai they lie- accorded privileged treatmenl. The almospheiv around roe grow more iey ever.\ day. There was ea ve.-droppin;/ and liiiiilly uneij:i- eeeied \vhisoe I'ii ix in my path. By HAL BOYLE than those here. The German read- Washington — I/Pi — Five years er has to feel that what his paper ago next month Hans-Norbert'says is right." Finkcl came to the United Stales | The visiting editors seemed gen- as a German war prisoner. (orally to fool that their papers wen; more accurate in the details American put out conditions, more interested the world political L'ompa ring jounial- Tlu.'.v had nothing Finkcl, now 2H. is back in America again. This time he is a guest under different circumstances. He is one of 15 German editors and publishers attending a seminar of the American Press Institute at Columbia University. These visitors from Europe's uneasy fulcrum attended a couple of news conferences here. They were impressed Ij.y the informality and freedom with which reporters questioned government officials, and said such conferences would have been impossible in Germany under Hitler. They also said some nice things about America. But guests usually say nice things. Since Finkel. now political editor of Uena, Ameriran- lieenseet German news agency, had looked at the United States ' from both sides of the table. I asked him what he found most pointing in this country. "This spirit of superficahly. saiii, "and I don't mean just litically. "He-re, if you Ket an idea, try lo do something wilh it — give it a practical You say, 'let's try it "In Germany we try first to find tho theory underlying the idea. The Gorman is bound to ask. 'what lies behind it".' And this is true of all Europeans." r'inkel said ho thought o!' superficiality here u a.- the it vera.^e American nev, spaper. "There a.'e usnailv foni ties." ho smiled. "Tho ri K of reporting than paper, which are more competitive But they were in discussing situation than islic methods but praise foi "It was for evidence th;,t what you promiM-d." said l-'inkel. A colleague. Helmut Meyer-Dietrich, chief editor of Dor Tagess- Piogol (The Daily Mirror). said Berliners were pi dure indefinitely th posed by iimitalioi supply system. "\Ve haw Ihi, :-a 'Bettor froe/.e than spend a annual school budget; in 1930 thi reached 25 per cent; in 1940'it was 75 per cent—and today it is 8!) per cent. That is, today the Blevins district contributes $11.787 in taxes, .while equa)\7,ation and other sources contribute $92.351." State Commissioner Jones followed Mr. Brown with this statement: "Blevins is one of the best examples in Arkansas of Iho educational philosophy that every child regardless where he lives is entitled to the best possible education. Blevins children are getting approximately the same education as the children of El Dorado. Hope, Little Rock and Texarkana. "But the responsibility for seeing so vast a program through to its ultimate conclusion must always rest on the school directors •—men who give long years of their time in the public interest without compensation. Such a man is Mr. Nelson, and Blevins and America owe him a great deal for an exemplary career." During the program four Blevins district girls sang. They were: Carol Huskey, Sue Buehannan. Martha Sutton and Joella Mouscr. The Star photographed today's ceremonies honoring Mr. Nelson, and the pictures will be published tomorrow. i nee Ruled Valid by Williams nolle fell) i Mc.vcr-nicirich i ilisap- j thai any ailvania _'.e j military lino:- the \V he mifihl gain tin oit-.'ii ::u' In Hei'iin: •r vvmtt r lie. re 1 e in Siberia." xpres:-d belief of shortened e:-te! : i 1'owers a '.'. ilhdrav-. a! Hope's ordinance requiring that milk to be sold in the Cily must bo pasteurized within llemjistead County is a reasonable regulation, Attorney General Guy E. Williams ruled yesterday. The ruling went lo James H. Pilkinlon. Hope attorney, who had rcquesled an opinion from the Attorney General on the validity of the ordinance. Mr. Pilkintoii said in Hope today that ho represents a client who desires to sell Borden's Pasteurized Grade "A" milk products in Hope but, to dale, had boon blocked al every turn by the Cily Milk and Meat Inspector who has retused a en- j permit. "1 (lo not think the ordinance is valid and I do not a;-;ive with the Attorney General in his riil- iiiH", Mr. Pilkintoii said. "Tho only ie^al basi.s lor a municipal regulation g(jvornin.'4 the sale of mil!: within the police/ jurisdiction of a oily is the quality milk itKell. A w-'o polencj and all unions to reinforce their support of the miners." 0. New floods threatened mines and towns in low areas because pumping stations had to . suspend Company; Louis Donnelly. New York Journal of Commerce; Charles A. Stin. of the planning division of the National Associatioi of Manufacturers; Frank Cantreli, ' managing director. State Chambe,of Commerce; W. C. Clark, passenger traffic manager, Kansas Cttv Southern Line; F. A. Key, Jr. Southern division passenger traC fie. manager KCS; Met ' Colwell. KCS; Fred Lang, director of thi> forestry division, state oi Aikar- sas; L. M. Tognoni, Middle-Sout t Development Committee, New Ov : leans; C. L. Osterberger. genei-il sales manager, Louisiana Powc \ and Light Company; and a numbe.' of newspaper representatives. Red Officers Desert to U.S. Zone operations power. for lack of electric are not affected by the paralysis set into shipping Strike Spurs Commerce Through Air San Francisco Oct. 20 —(/P)~The Pacific Coast maritime, strike now in its 49th clay has nearly dried up a $4.000.000-a-day waterborne commerce but has spurred, on a huge commercial airliCf. AH day cargo saili'i.'js have stopped save a few sh'ps which carry supplies for Ihe army. Oil tankers strike. While the strike forced resort to the lift. Pan American Always reported today perishable food shipments to Alaska have increased about 100 per cent and to Hawaii about 55 per cent. The air shipment of food to Alaska now is at the rate of a million pounds a month and still growing. Of the 375 dry cargo ships operated by West Coast American Steamship companies 222 were tied up as of October 15. They lay idle in various ports from Seattle to San Diego from Mobile to New York. The largest number in any one port was (il in San Francisco. What has been the cost to labor in wages lost'.' An exact statement cannot be made but the 222 ships now idle have an average crew of 45 men who draw a total of about $13!),(HKJ a day. State Survey of'Defense Road'Started Little Rock, Oct. lit) —(UPi—A survey of Sli.i miles of highways making iqi Arkansas' portion of the "national defense" road system hii.s been launched by the state highway department. United 1'ier.s loiimoil today that [the survey, designed to determine . . , Ocj,. ?,0;^ (VPivr A t eiigined"• KtilJsian'"bbmbiijt '\vith officer deserters from the Soviev air force landed at the American' an- base near Linz Oct. 9, American sources said today. The plane and one member of its crew—a sergeant— were icturnecl to Russian custody. Two officer., who said they were fleeing the Soviet Union were given rctuge m the U.S. zone of Austria. The pilot and naviagator of tho plane said they were trying to escape for "political reasons" for more than a year, the U.S. sources, reported. ••••--• The craft took off from a base in the Ukraine on what was supposed to be -a routine ttaimng flight. The pilot said his maps did not extend beyond Linz. He brought his plane down on the first airfield he saw after reaching the U. S. occupation zone of Austria, the informants said, the one he picked was Hoer&chmg air base at Carnp McCauley, about 10 miles inside the zone. The plane was reported damaged when the pilot overshot the runway, crashing into a wooden fence, but the three aboard weie not injured. The sergeant was quoted as saying he did not know the pilot's destination until the plane was m the air, and then he was giver) the choice of parachuting over Soviet territory or remaining aboard. Corporation Would M&A Railroad Washington, Oct. 20 — (/P)--A new- Arkansas corporation todav asked authority to buy and operate 55 miles of the Missouri and Arkansas railway, now slated foi abandonment. The application was filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission by the Helena and Noithwest- ern Railway, which said it was in* co'-porateil on pel. 10. The- application, submitted by C. W. Ferguson of Star Cit\, Ark., secretary of the new company asked permission to acqunc and operate the 55 miles of AI and A line between Helena, Aik , and. Cotton Plant. Ark. The proposed pnrcnase lin from Be oHset by a ios.- liye throughout "is it vour Uuii is. in my opinion, n Mr. Pilkintoii said thai suit would be filed in Iho coin at an early date to settle th" qiH lion once and for ail. II s ' point out thai the Arkansas Supru: Court had never pa.-..-'. od upon r purity of theicost.s of brin.'-'int; the mileage upi v ;'as not mentioned in tho aphieal limiia-'to public roads administration i lion, which suiu the ..•r; PWOO a' Monday. It Dec. 1. ' boing made 'jy the cooperation with public roads as a part of a national r e p i> r t on ;i -10.1)1)1,'- mile 1 system of interstate/ highways to be [submitted to Congress next spring. | The la-.v calling; for the survey i do.- oribed iho system as one Itnix- ''n'_; the n.a.ior industrial centers of acquisition sale of company sa,id * eo'inlry in Jor "lo servi Panther Seen, But No Stock Attacked n . H2 per centej .s. cent of the ana carries Ai k a n.-.- a s' --and the \ eyed-- are ;.!i;; to l.ittl u'.honiies have esli- the anprovect system cent of the mclropoli- is made up of one per nation's public roads about 2i.l per cent of traffic. portion ol the system loads !,')\v beiii 1 -; surf'. S. i/f trom Texark- e Rock. U. S. u'l imin . Wc.-'.t -Memphis Noilh tu Ihe Mis- •.-'!/'.!rj line, ami U. S. highways (!fj- li-1 in i nuina m Lit'.!-.- Rock to the- Hae at Kurt Smith. l I VII I will] would be financed capita! stuck. Th it has mi corporate affiliations. ,_. The U.'C lut't August authorized.. J\ the receivers of the M, and >,A.,4 tori ' 'i abandon (he 333-miU' rdiUojti m %. Missouri and Arkansas;-, yfter fSTMC Ion;: serie.-. of financial diftiLUltiec The abandonment vvas to hav_ * become effective Oct. il. but at th<» request of Arkansas official-, th-i the j commission agreed on that iljy tit : I hold up its authorization and t'> hoar new arguments in Iho cac,- '' on Nov. 12. The original authorization \\a> conditioned on tho rect'i\cii> he'll *< iiiK the .-ysteni or any p,ut u£ |<, » i to any responsible party oifcungs t ; to pay the not salvage value puQ<' ' to actual removal of Use tiacUagu, J Tho Helena and Noi thwostoi^ " ' said its proposed y;>-jv.ilv upesu,* < lion would sei'Vo thousand, oi per* ' sons in Cache and M's;,,; MI/J t r «= River Valley cotton and IRC gio\\- V' Okla-jing areas where highwa\-> ale ib- -fi -> . J .... L ...*.-. VI

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