Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on October 15, 1948 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, October 15, 1948
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Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor -Alex. H. Washburn 50th Anniversary Star Descendant of Long Line of Papers Yesterday The Star's folio lines changed to: Volume 50; No 1 meaning that the newspaper was starting its 50th year of publication. , Not long ago we dug up for F. B. ' Barren, Palmer House, Chicago, a brief history of Hope newspapers for an American history of journalism which he is writing— and nt?J hc St ? r 'is thc descendant of a long and varied line. Ed McCorkle gave me thc list from memory, as follows: Hope's first newspaper was thc in 1.17*?. 1° PG ' a wcoklv founded m 1(173 when the Cairo & Fulton railroad^ was built through this created a town hcre° and'col' 0 ^ W. Hobson created the Star of Hone u° u rt '!?i ion of this newspaper which didn't begin until 1899) The Cairo & Fulton went on to become toe Missouri Pacific—but the first alar of Hope expired months. in a w was the Hope Mercury, a weekly founded , Lowl- y fathcr Claude Mc- it in who , of Ed McCorkle. the name was changed almost immediately to Hope Gazette and as such- ran until 1916. Lowry left .the paper, but McCorkle continued with it until 1890 when he sold on/°. hn Tullis ' Tllllis sold it 1894 to Col. W. W. Folsom, wi.v ran it until his death in 191G, when publication ceased. In between, there was the Hope Chronicle, 1890, by Sam Wil- Jla " 1 f' , and l^Wshed until 190U. October 14, 1899, Claude McCorkle founded the Star of Hope . as * weekly ran il unlil his death in 1919, when his son, Ed McCorkle WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Partly cloudy this afternoon, t o n i g h t. Saturday. Warmer in north, central portions tonight. Scattered showers north portion Saturday. 50TH YEAR: VOL. 50 — NO. 2 Star of Hopa 1899; Press 1927 Consolidated January 18, 1921, HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1948 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. PRICE 5e COPY New York, Oct. 15 —(UP)— The polio season has passed its peak and medical science made great headway Ihis year in holding the disease to three "hot spot" areas. All told, statistics showed today, there have been 20,387 cases of infantile paralysis reported during 1948, but almost half of the cases were confined to three states—California, Texas and North Carolina. California with 3,512 cases led: North Carolina was second with 2,293; and Texas was third with 1.520. The other cases were scattered in about 38 states. Spokesmen for the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis expressed belief that other than an evening Los Angeles county, no large industrial city was stricken during the 1948 season. Polio runs in cycles and in recent years no great metropolis such as New York, Bos- took over. Ed made it daily January 1, 1920. Another interim paper was thc Hope Herald, founded as a daily in.1916, and which ran until 1922 _In 1<J2G D. A. Uean founded the Hope Daily Press, a morning paper using thc plant of thc old f . daily Herald. | better hospital facilities and bet lei- January 18, 1929, C. E. Palmer I P llb f ic ' education on prevention and I bought the evening Star O f! a S a i»st polio had contributed to By the school teacher who risked death rather than ..return to Russia. (Copyright, ..1948, .King Features Syndicate, Inc. Reproduction in whole or in part strictly prohibited.) (During her second year in the United.States, Mrs. Kas-:n- kina was subjected to persecution by her Communist associates. She reveals in this article the pearsistent campaign to provoke her to attack the Soviet regime. INSTALLMENT 18 By OKSANA S. KASENKINA Edited by Isaac Don Levine During my second year in the United States the social boycott of me look on character of an organized cat-and-mouse game. My independent spirit as evidenced by my failure to fall in with the lick- spittles around the Soviet functionaries and by my occasional outbursts in defense of American ways and things made me the object of growing persecution. To this day I do not know why 1 was nol sent back home early in 1947, unless it was clue to the praise bestowed upon me for work well dene by such personages as Madame Gromyko and General Vassi- liev, of the Soviet military mission, whose children were in my classes. The campaign to provoke me so Hope and the morning Daily Pi-ess and consolidated them as the evening Hope Star. And that's the story behind Vol j acc °Pt Polio 50; No. 1—which today is Vol 50 ; ! lc ccssary to No. 2. ' ' * * * Trend Toward Uniform Wage Cuts Skilled Man's Incentive By JAMES THRASHER Forty years ago, the Labor Department's division of wage analysis recalls, the average pay of skilled workers in American industry was more than 100 per cent holding the disease in the three "hot" areas. In 1944. for instance, North Carolina hospitals would not patients and it was set up an emergency hospital. In the epidemic this year North Carolina hospitals accepted polio cases. In the number of cases the nation over, the 1948 epidemic was about as bad as in 194G, the second worst year in this country. The number may have increased, too, because medical scientists have higher than that of unskilled labor, inosis. The trend has been steadily downward since then until today the difference is 55 per cent. We don't think that-the figure of 40 years ago was quite in line. But we agree with Foremen's Institute that if the!weapon if polio ever is controlled downward trend continues, Indus- omplctely. try may be in for some skilled j The 1948 season also saw the use trouble. ton. Chicago or St. Louis had dan-] that I put my foot in a lino went, gerous epidemics. \as far as dropping valuables in my Foundation spokesmen said that:P ath ' in thc h °P° that l would steal them in good Communist style. But I would invariably return the finds and complained to the director against these despicable tactics. He would shrug his shoulders and take no action. I collected dress patterns, in addition to botanical specimens which I carefully mounted. Frequently I found all these messed up by a mysterious hand which had obviously ransacked all the drawers in my chest, without even bothering to put the contents in order. Whenever I complained to the director, he hinted that this might be work of the United States secret police. Another form of attack in the psychological warfare waged against me was the question fired at me now and then, "Why don't you ever write letters back home?" Not to be pestered too much; I would once in a while pen a letter developed better means of cliag- During thc next few months, results of a new test for polio may be made know. Scientists in many laboratories have been working to develop a quick test, which long me National [has been regarded as a necessary that if the!weapon if polio ever is manpower It is no secret that when the unskilled worker is paid a decent living he is not the only one who benefits. Probably something more than the humanitarian instincts of management acounts for the steady rise in pay for unskilled and semiskilled work in the last few years. Many unions have worked hard to bring it about, to be sure. But it is still true that industry is creating new and bigger markets with higher wages. A good deal of squawking has come from industrial management on this score, as when Henry Ford I started paying his men $5 a day. But better management methods and technological improvements have made it possible to increase wages without sacrificing profits or —until recently—raising prices with every pay hike. But when the melon is cut shouldn't the skilled worker get a fair, if not an equal, portion'.' The Labor Department analysts indicate that he does not. From October, 1943, to April, 1947, the average pay of all skills in our industry rose 32.3 per cent. Skilled labor got 27.7 per cent of this, while the boost to semi-skilled and unskilled were respectively 34.5 and 35.7. In several industries this gap was much wider. One of the great virtues of our economic and political system is the incentive and opportunity for advancement that it A'Ves to the individual. That self-evident truth has been proclaimed from so many rostrums that maybe people grow weary of hearing it. Yet the fact remains that we have .Dually paid off on skill. And the connection between that system ;v:d our pie- eminence in industrial production is no accident. , We have reason to give thanks for that pay-off system. So did the Soviet Communists in the recent war—the same ones who by their own frequent admission are out to destroy that system. So have some other Europeans today who don't think much more of capitalism than the people in Moscow. But if skill continues to be less of a salable commodity all the time, there won't be much incentive left for a worker to loam or de velop specialized abilities. Over a long run that could bring us :tu\vn several pegs from our industrial pre-eminence and our pies-cut high living standard. The Soviet Cor-mumis .•: have ;i slogan or philosophy or v.-htitjver: "From each according to his ability, to each according lo his need." But il is significant ihat they have never been a bit; to p.i: the idea into practice. This 'rend toward uniform wages is a trend toward that idea. It is scarceh. consistent with tin- Americjn sys- tem—allh.oti.in. as in so many other • things, wo seem to be doing it bel- ter than the JiuKsiai;;. of a drug in the treatment of polio. The drug, known as darvisul, was effective against polio in mice, and some favorable results were obtained in a few human patients. The human trials were too limited, however, to enable scientists to evaluate the drug. No reports are expected soon. Garrett Church Elects New At the regular annual meeting, the following officers and teachers of llie Sunday School and church at Gnrrett Memorial Missionary Baptist Church, were elected: Sunday School Superintendent— Grady Hairston; Watkins. Sunday School Janice Brumley Wilma Boswell. Pianist—Mrs. Wade Warren; As- sislanl, Miss Ruth Ellen Boswell. Choir Director—Wade Warren; Assistant, Ralph Warren. Church Clerk—Klwin Salisbury Treasurer—-Roy G. Thrash Assistant Guv Secretary— Miss A.ssistant, Miss State's Troubles Handed to Committees Little Rock, Oct. 15 — (UP) — Most of, the >vocs of Arkans.;* were wrapped up in a package today and handed to eight separate committees named by the state legislative council. Meeting with the council here, thc committee members received mimeographed lists of suggested problms, ranging from abolishing the tax on agricultural gasoline to a complete solution of the state's highway needs. The groups, named recently by Council Director James R. Campbell of Hot Springs, were expected to turn out workable solutions to be placed before the 1949 legislature. Governor-designate Sid McMath appeared before the joint council and committee meeting. Before thc meeting, nowever, his aides emphasized that the problems prepared in his officer vcre not recommendations but merely suggestions. All of the items concerned phases of McMath's proposed legislative program. The roads and highways- committee, headed by State Sen. Lee Bcarden of Leachville, was asked to make a complete study of the present highway system. Among the 11 specified highway problems listed was the question of matching federal aid funds, "with particular emphasis on the use of the state's credit." McMath conducted his recent successful campaign on a platform of obtaining funds for road construction through four separate bond issues. Other road problems suggested were long-range planning, cooperation between state and local governments, the possible reorganize tion of the highway commission, maintenance districts and other divisions of the highway department; the possible elimnat'ion from the state highway system of dead-end roads and other minor loop roads, and the problem of transportation arising as a result of the probable abandonment of the Missouri and Arkansas railroad and recommen- Continucd on Page Three o Cook Course Bobcats Open Conference Play Against Strong Team From Texarkana Tonight : Hope and Texarkana fans anxiously await tho opening kickoff at •Hamtnons Stadinm tonight at 8 o'clock in a football game that probably will be the hardest and toughest of the season. A record crowd of the season is expected. For Texarkana a win would simply mean a repeat of last year's tangle in which they knocked off Hope. For Hope a win would leave them undefeated in seasonal and district play. Tho Porkers already have lost to Camden in District 7-AA. and a loss to the Bobcats shove them out of thc running. It's n perfect setup and nobody would be too surprised to see Tcx- arkana come through. The Bobcats lave their work cut put for them and know they must play their and leave it lying around unsealed. I knew that it would be pounced upon and thought, "All right, let the fools gloat over it." In the summer of 1947, I was given a two weeks vacation. I went to Vice Consul for permission Secretary of Broadcast— Mrs Sorokin and asked to go to Niagara Falls. It was unthinkable for a Soviet teacher to take a trip with- 'oul dispensation. For a natural science teacher to want to see one of the wonders of the world seemed reasonable enough. Yet Sorokin suggested that I go in the company with another colleague, Nikonova, who was likable though a Communist. That was agreeable, and. I asked: "When czn we leave?" He replied "Tomorrow." I was happy. Tomorrow came, and Nikonova arrived with that tidings that Valentina Orlova, one of the hellcats of our school, was to join our party in a day or so. That would make two Communists to watch me, I thought helplessly. The trip was again postponed until we were joined by an elderly teacher from Washington. Finally the little party took off. At Niagara Falls, where the museum interested me especially, the two Communist women ganged up on me to harrass me at every step. In the course of the 27 months o" serving as a teacher in the Soviet school this was the only trip I was allowed to take, and that under constant surveillance. The regime grew more severe with the arrival of a special in- : spec-tor from IHi.ssia. ilr came on I the same plane as Vish'n.skv. the minister, who was lo ,, __ thc United Nafi'-ns. Hunter McCorkle. i \v c were all called before Yarkin he Rock of Agc S | Reporter—Mrs. Tom Duckelt; Assistant—Mrs. Olin Purtle. President of the Training Course Classes—Ralph Warren. Vice-President—Miss Ruth Ellen Boswell. Secretary-Treasurci—Miss Pansy Smith. Choir Director—Miss Dana Lou Cunningham; Assistant —Lawrence I Hazard. Pianist—Miss Verla Allen: Assistant. Mrs. Waddle Cunningham. Sponsors for Class No. 1 —Mrs. U. T. Somers; A.ssistant, Mrs. Lewis Smith. Class No. 2—i\li:;s Gwin Frilh; Assistant. Mrs. Hunter McCorkle. Teachers for Sunday School Classes: No. 1—Mrs. Bill Hetird; Assistant. Mrs. Oltis Hart; Mo. 2— Mrs. W. P. McRee; Assistant. Mrs. J. L. Cook. No. ;i-~Mrs. Ualton Dragoo: Assistant, Mrs. Olhu Rob- crts; who was supposed to check our work and personnel., but I soon perceived that he was not an educator by profession. He used ;>11 kinds of devices during his stay to engage me in conversation after school hours, but I would ex-jnse myself with the plea that I plenty of school work waiting for me at home. He had undoubtedly had a sl.iek of reports on me. One incide.it conies to my mind which grew out of a discussion in the graduating class ol what constitutes freedom of the press. I had stated my position as follows: "An .-irtisl. a poet, a writer must be absolutely ire.:-. He's not like a shuemaker who deals with material things only." The following day 1 was called to the consulate which already was in possession of a report on m.v L't'elion, I was given a stern evms Modern methods of cooking will be stressed at a two session training course to be held Tuesday, October 26 at 2 p.m. and 7 p.m. in the Blevins High School Home Economics Cottage according to Lorraine B. Blackwood, Home Demonstration Agent. This course is being sponsored in cooperation with the Southwestern Gas and Electric Company with one of the latest model electric stove being furnished through the courtesy of Hamm Tire and Appliance Co. A cordial invitation is extended to every one to attend both sessions of this course. It is hoped the men as well as women will attend to see how modern appliances can mean better foods and nutrition and to see how the drudgovy of preparing 3 meals a pleasure. day may be mad;: best to win. Thc Hope line will be up against the toughest and heaviest tho Cats have faced all season. The Texarkana forwards tip the scales at 17 pounds per man over the Bobcats. The visitors are geared for tonight's game and are out to stop the two local swiftics. Sutton and Britt, and have the weight to do it. Outcome of tho game may well depend on the charges first and hardest. Regardless of the score its conceded in every quarter that the game will be close and bard fought all the way. The kickoff is 8 o'clock and fans are advised to be early if they want a seat. Probable Starting Lineups Hope J. D. Hammons L.E.... James McCargo LT Don Duffie LG .... Charles Wilson C Russell RG .... Surges Garretf RT .... I. Sutton RE .... Bobby Bearden QB .... Buddy Sutton LH Mitchell LaGrone RH .... Tommy Britt FB .... Average Weights Line 174 Team Backs 167 Line .. Team 170 Backs Texarkana Yates Cook Mosby .... Ramsey Miller .... Edwards Dossey Yadon .... Rankin .... Johnson Easley 178 . 190 ... 159 Ten Nazi War Criminals Hanged Today Landsberg, Germany. Oct. 15 — (UP) — Ten German war criminals were hanged here today, seven for the murder of American fliers who were shot down over Germany during the war and three for atrocities at the Flossenburg concentration camp. The executions were carried out in thc Lansberg prison courtyard where Adolf Hitler wrote Mein Kampf after the Munich putsch. All were convicted in United States Army trials at Dachau. Their appeals for clemency were denied. An ironic note was added when propelled American planes American jot from nearby screamed overhead as thc men went lo their deaths for killing American fliers. Business as Usual as Kroger Repairs Store Froni ; The Kroger Grocery Co. building on South Main is undergoing a "face-lifting" but business is going on us usual. Repairs to the front of tho building do not interfere with shoppers. Completion is expected in A couple of weeks. Grenade Gives SchooS Officials a Scare Garland School officials yesterday suffered a severe scare when a bus student brought in a hand- grenade with the pin still in it. The grenade was not discovered tint 1 ! about noon and police i-'cre quirkly summoned. They found that tha wcat on had been "deduded" nnd th'3 trigger pin re-insei ted. -- o— McMath Named to Young Democrat Committee Washington. Oct. 15 — (/I 1 )— Sid McMath, Arkansas Democratic gubernatorial nominee, has been appointed to the national advisory campaign for the Young Democrats of America. His appointment was announced here yesterday by Hoy G. Baker, president. American Legion is Looking Forward to Continuation of Contributions to Way of Life By HAL BOYLE New York — UP) — The American Legion, which opens its 30th national convention in Miami Sunday, has set thc most ambitious goal of its history for U)49 — 5,000,000 members. The campaign is being undertaken in the face of a post-war slump in membership which has affected all organizations of war veterans. The legion now has a record number of posts — more than 17,000 — but its membership as of Oct. a was 3,UU5,614, as compared with 3,249,203 a year ago. Legion officials- believe the decline is only temporary, paralleling Boys Class—Waddle Ctinnint,-!i c ' ctui ' e on ln . v deviation fronr'dia- h;;m; Assistant. Bill Heard. Gil is i'^' ll >'al , maK-nalism"--the Ir'-o . Alter in; Diminishing Sense _ Although your nose increases in size as you grow older, your sense of sineli may <iiinini;,h ..i> much as i)5 per cent al -i.j 10 CO years of age. Class-—Muss Verla Allen: Assisl- anl, Mrs. Guy Walkins. Service (.'lass— Guy Watkins: A:-sisiaiil, Mrs. Cim,j;i Buulh. Builders' Class •—Klwin Salisbury: Assistant. John Charles Walker. Ambassadors Class •--Mrs. Gradv liairsloir Assistant. Mrs. K/ra 'iUeDov.'el! Workers Class -Mrs. Virgil Huckubee; Assistant, Mr.-. A. O. Bruml'.-y. Alpha Class-- Mrs. A. !•'. '(iiveii- lee; Assistant. Mrs. Aim's t'las.-v-W. P sistant. J. W. Krith The loHov.-'n;.; are llie church: ,'). W. Hairslon. Johnnie Buuih. l. t .>.vis Smith Lenin-Stalin cided lo keep my ir.uiilh ever a controversial I brought up in class. i Tins did not del<-r m , paying my persecutor; a similar drop that overtook th- organi/ation after the first world war. Its membership of »4;).18li in 1020 fell to 609,407 by 1025 but hit a between-lhe-wars peak of l.oriS.- !)09 in 1!)31, a period of national depression. With interest in national defense rising and millions of veterans of the second world war as potential m_embers, the legion sees a period : oi rapid growth and increasin;.; influence ahead. Significantly, women are playiir-i a larger role in ils activities. The 3.000,0001h member enrolled in 19-ia was a former wave — Mrs. R. J. Ueiand. 24, of Seattle , her husband. also ti veteran, became Legionnaire number 3.000001. Toclav there are more than 250 • 000 former Waves, Waes, Spars! l.egiunna and nurse.-, in llie legion. There are j tween 192;» some 2(13 all--,vomen posts — but ' rise- and s kind most of the girls prefer lo join up wilh "i-o-ed" posts. The legion, the largest but neither the first nor the last associa- the country." Patterson returned (o his outfit and was killed in action. But "young Teddy." who was to die a brigadier general in France in the second world war, carried out the project. An early hurdle- overcome by the legion was the fear by many en- isted men that it would become "an officers' club" and an instrument for those seeking political office. It specifically proclaimed for those seeking political office 1 . It specifically proclaimed it would be non-political in its act of incorporation. Charv of hesto'.viiu! titles, il has had only tu'O honorary national commanders — General John J. Pershin"' and Marshal Koch of France. The Alabama State I.e^iun convention recently adopted a resolution rc'cominendin!-', that the organization's highest honor, its Distinguished Seiviee medal, bi: awarded the late Dr. George Wash-j ington Carver. .N'egro scientist. The legion from il.- Mail has been active in tiie rehabilitation of veterans, ehild v-.'eiiare and corn- munisty improveim-nl pjojects. Under its program "to losu-r per- putuate a one hundred per cent Americanism'' it also has pinniped for a well-arniC'.l nation and universal military iraininx in peacetime. It supports 'the Alundt-Nixon bill in its light again.:! commu FEPC Has Red Origin, Says Harris Magnolia. Oct. 15 — (SpD— In a speech explaining the background and outlining the proposal of a National Fair Employment Practice Committee to the Magnolia Kiwanis Club last night, Congressman Oren Harris said it is a "sad, sad, commentary" that FEPC has such strong support in this country when its origin and ancestry is Communistic and put forth first by the French Popular Front in 1935 as a companion of the sit-down strike. Congressman Harris who is an officer live and member of the Execu- Paris. Oct. 15. — (UP) — Th French go v o r n m e nt, battling strikes, high prices and political threats to its existence, decided today lo invoke the death penalty against major food speculators. Premier Henri Queuille headed an inner cabinet meeting last night at which it was decided to apply the so-called Farges Law of October, la-16, in thc battle against thc black market. Thc law, which takes its name from former Food Minister Yves Fargo, provides the death penalty Committee of a congressional committee that successfully opposed FEPC in the last Congress, said that, "Regardless of whether the Republicans or Democrats win, in the coming election, we will be faced in the next Congress with'the (,'rcatcst threat for the adoption of FEPC." "President Truman has on a number of occasions requested Congress for its adoption. The Democratic platform calls upon Congress to support the President in the program." "Governor Dewey is even stronger on such a proposal. He sponsored and brought about the adoption <u the first FEPC law in the Slat of New York and said, it is just as fundamentally a part of our American heritage as the Bill of Rights, etc." pro- milk for speculators in basic food ducts such as meat, wine, and grains. Minister of Justice Andre Marie said after the cabinet meeting that the government intended to sap the strength of the strike movement by making workers pay stretch further: Some 350,000 coal miners still were idle in the 12day strike that has hampered French heavy industry on the eve of winter. The threat of new rioting was seen at f3eglcs on the outskirts of Bordeaux, where CGT metal workers barricaded themselves inside an automobile plant despite a government order to halt their sit- down strike and evacuate the plant. Tho workers freed the plant director this morning after holding him captive since yesterday. The CGT called for a general metal workers strike in Bordeaux this morning and asked the rank and file of its membership lo be ;it the IJogles plant to prevent tough Mobile guards from evacuating the plant. A recent government order raising coal prices 10 per cent had repercussions last night when two non-Communist labor federations quit the National Advisory Price CommUlee. Singing Services at Garrett Memorial Sunday The regular monthly Community Sinking will be held Sunday afternoon. October 17, at 2 p.m., at the Garrett Memorial liaptisl Church. All singers and listeners are invited to be presenl. Rev. Hoidridge Addresses College Assembly i 1") — (Special) ! behooves another us, all-out "It therefore, make ready for fight against posal. in, the. _. . _. _ thereby preserve our American system of freedom of action, instead of a system of Government regimentation." In explaining tho provisions tho Act, Mr. Harris said: would establish a Commission this, dangerous pro- next. . Conevcsfu .awe of It of ivfaynolia, from in d on l he in- lleriorily ol Ameriean products and I methods as compared \.r..i '!K--V | of the Soviets My landlord. loritiun of war velerans | inslanee. the eonsulate seereUi! y I military histoi v. w; ' Porojniakov, would keep sing'ii.g | thi ee d'eead to ii;e tin: praises »l K'n.-si; n si!- : wounded so i.gar. "It's sweeter and harder." he jv.'ouid drum into my ears. i "But von don't nndei .--land es Ti •d PuriU Mei-Jee. newlv . Koy (.! Kill. J-.i'oe -•lee led FUS.U- care ol Dial n/i student.- tional o in American j million s conceived | in ihe Ameriean i in Paris by iwn'.baseball progi-an; --- an oilieer and ales ot' tlr- pio-r iall-slar -a,,,,can way.' 11 it .-u-oiind lor a "The , ward OrtobiT — licvi-n/nd 11. Paul Holdrklge, pU:Uor ot llie Assembly of Go:i Church, Hope, spoke lo .-Urli-nts in ;i:'.-j('ilibly at State A. ,v M. ColU'L'i-, Magnolia. Thui'Miay at ti a.m. He ' | \v;ib inlruduced by Kcvi-ivnit C. H. 'Anderson, pastor ol the assemblv j " ll *'"" (jf God Church. i\la,:/io!ia " ' WI ' 1 '"" Report of Local Plane Crockup Branded False 7 who would have unlimited powers and control over the hiring or selection of personnel in all businesses with fifty or more employees. It would likewise yive authority of the Commission over employment of Government personnel and even without judicial review. It would be thc most powerful body of seven men over the business life of thc Nation that was ever established." "It has an affront designed to prevent discrimination on thc basis of race, religion, color or national origin, but is "really designed" in an effort to get votes in certain areas from minority groups." Congressman Harris said he was "inalteiably' 'opposed to FEPC as a dangerous policy because: "1. It would facilitate sabotage and espionage, particularly by the Communist method who believe in dcstryoing by infiltration." "It would be unlawful," he said, "to discriminate against an applicant because of national origin. Thus the Atomic Energy Commission as an example could not inquire as to the nationality or place of birth of a job applicant. They could not even inquire whether the applicant was a naturalized or native born citizen. They could not ask if he is a citi/un ot the United Slates." "2. Such a proposal would be in direct conflict with the public interest as it would abolish all forms of segregation in operations where fifty or more are employed." "Anyone with discretion of judgment should realize that serious attempts to break down segregation in the South now would lead to serious trouble." "It would not only be limited to the South either. It is human nature it people are compelled by law lo put conflicting customs, creeds and prejudicies in close proximity, not only friction but even violence would result." "Thi.- second seriotis objection being against the public interest is that it would be oppressive upon (hi: employers oi this Country. It would destroy private enterprise system. " ••;i. Such a proposal is definitely not needed and unnecessary. We have become ihe urealesl nation in hislory, who has approached the principle of equality and opportunity as no oilier. There is ies.s di.s- criininauon today Hum ever before anil any attempt lo destroy the pro' i< r o g r a m is morally and contrary lo the heritage we enjoy." then a lk-ut.-coli.il fanlry division, a Patterson. Th soon a.-: the w would return hoi 'lor the aood By LOUIS NEVIN Paris, Oct. 15 — (,V) — Andiei Y. Vishinsky broke his Kremlin-imposed silence in thc security council today and renewed his'rhargts that the Berlin question arose because the Western powers violated agreements with Russia. Six lesser powers on tho council had appealed lo the Bij< Four to settle tho blockade by direct negotiation. Foreign Minister Juan A. Bra- nuiglia of Argentina, acting council chairman, asked tho four big powers today for details on the Aug. 30 agreement between Prime Minister Stalin and Western diplo- ruils and for thc instructions given he four military governors of Gcr- nany to implement thc accord. Under tho agreement, Russia was ,o lift thc blockade and the Wcst- :rn powers were to recognize the Soviet mark as the sole currency or Berlin. Thc American, British and French delegates said they were ifraid to answer Bramvuglia's questions at thc next council meeting on Berlin. Vishinsky then rose and declared the Argentine's questions were a "very skilled" maneuver to drag .he Soviet delegation into the Berlin debate. He said he would not "swallow :his bait." Vishinsky, who came to . the council with a lull staff o£ assistants and made doodles during the first part of the meeting, went on: "It is naive to believe the Soviet Union will swallow this bait, x x No gentlemen, we will not. We see no reason why the security council should burden itself with new details and material." Vishinsky contended last week the security council has no jurisdiction over thc Berlin question. He said a blockade does not exist He contended that only the foreign ministers' council may act on Ger-" man questions until a German peace treaty is signed. He repeated those arguments today. He recalled that "the Kremlin had c-r- • dcrcd him to take no part in debate on the Western power charges ' that the Russian action in Berlin r endangered peace and security. Vishinsky repeated his them« that there would be no Berin question if the Western powers had not, violated agreements niade by ttei^ four nations occupying Germany, \ ' H ..AV.heiis^he f inished; .ttin^.W, PKjSfe?-, cutor'turned around '(Ward' nAvsL, bcrs of his delegation. He smiled broadly. Then he silt down, seized his pencil and returned to his doo- , die-making. . Dr. Philip C. Jessup of the United States ,Sir Alexander Cadogan , Continued on Page Three New Officers, Activities of School Clubs Members of the Libraiy Club met this week to elect officers and make plans for the study of Library Science which the club sponsor, Mrs. Mitchell Sparks, plans to, emphasize in meetings this semester. Lenore Halticld was elected idcnt; Shirley Easterling, vice president; Jessie Mae Givens, secretary; Ora Lyn Tarpley, treasurer and Marcel Smith, reporku. The club meets bi-monthly m the library. Students of the ninth nnd tenth grades met in the high school''aud- itorium Thursday at 1 o'clock to. organize the l'Mii-4'j Diamatics Club. A picture "Poise and Posture" will be shown at the -next meeting October 23. Officers for the first semvter were elected. President, Jackie Hicks; vice president, Dorothy Bullock; secretary, Tawana Green; treasurer, Sara Lautcrbaeh; lepor- ter. Kelly Marlar. The Drama Workshop will moot October 21. Students of <!i' Uth and 12th grades are eligible tof membership. Mrs. B. E. McMohPn sponsors both groups. The Thespians 'IVoupe 36 .vill present a program at the Lions Club luncheon Monday at Hotel Rarlqw. October 17-23 is United KaC.ons Week and this will be. Uiacus><-e»i with school acliviiio.s in Jvloam.y's program in the form ol a iL>J[yj«ir Student Parade broadens 1 ., -j ed Mrs. McMuhen, speech tor, in un inlerv.-JW today. t.e\ei'ul selections from the Music Dc-pait- me.nl will be included in t!to rao- gram. The Thespians ar-> working on a one act play I.T be given m Uu> High School PTA Novembt i meat- ing lo emphasize American Education Week. The purpose o;" auditorium pro- grains this year will bo in iiri* with the nation,il high school \uut-a plans to persu.uie more participation. Assembly thus fur have included talks by' Fire Chief Jim Enibree and Mi. Smalley and showing films on lire prevention; a round table distUjSiun. by members of the Vocational Guidance department on theii work; selections from tin; MukW Department and chapel i \tTCJSt-j ceinducted by members of the Ministerial Alliance o£ Hope. Jack Wood, district sales repre- Pep broadcasts arc ucoidfcd sciilative ill Gull Helming Co.. each Friday at 1 p.m. and bioftd- ami lidl Speary of Texarkana | east to the public at ti o'clock fce- '.'. ere speeud guests of Hope Ko- tore Hope High School yamc tune tary Club al the organization's Student Parade, a filleen-mmutv ivyukir noon luncheon loday. j program, is broadcast twice weekly Mr. Wuucl niseussetl progress uf i from the stage of the hiyh .fhool ill industry in conjunction i auditorium with students, ol th-» with National Oil Progress Week, j various departments pavtit-ipatuit". Ihe pi-ogium was arranged by This program has been tuned lw? Vvra - v - 2 p.m. on Monday and Oil Progress !s Discussed at Rotary Meet liill -5l I ^ -^l

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