Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on October 1, 1948 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

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Our Doily Bread Slfeed Thin by The Editor -Alex. H. Washburn Everybody Lived WEATHER FORECAST Arkansas: Fair this afternoon. tonight and Saturday. Cooler in north portion Saturday. 49TH YEAR: VOL. 4? — NO. 301 Star of Hopo 1899; Press 1927 Consolidated January 18, 192S HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1948 (AP)—Moans Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY There Except Lady Known as Janice On .June 7 last The Star published a letter attacking Senator J.. W. Fulbright for his alleged refusal to bo interviewed by a delegation from New York City lobbying 'on certain bills before the scna'e. That letter was signed by one Janice Evans, giving her address as 23 West 26th St., New- York City. A few weeks later we began to hear from that letter. From Washington came authentic reports that the address was a phoney. Finally a test letter was sent Janice Evans at the place she called home, and back came the Post Office Department with a memo ' "Party Unknown." - We paid our respects, right then and there, to propagandists who write to the newspapers without honestly identifying themselves— ' and at the same time we sent word to Bill Fulbright asking that we be f kept posted on any government ',investigation that might bo made "of the New York City address which figured in the controversy. Here's some new information from Senator Fulbright under date of Sept. 28: ;• ,,"An investigation was made in New York and no one by the name of Janice Evans was known at the address given al 2,'i West 2Glh St.. New York. It is interesting to note. however, that the following individuals and organizations are listed as the occupants at 23 West 2Gth St.: "American Committee for the Protection of Foreign Born "American Labor Parly— New York County Committee "Committee for Democratic Eights "Committee for the Protection of the Foreign Born "Council on African Affairs "Frederick V. Field j "Abner Green 'Institute for International Demo- i cracy "Labor's Buying Service "Veterans of the Abraham Lin- | coin Brigade I "Victory Council of the Foreign Language Press "Voice of Fighting Spain "Max Yergan." "It is also interesting to note that the Council on African Affairs and the Veterans of the Abraham ,, Lincoln Brigade were on the list, of I., organizations n a in e d as subversive by the AU'jrncy General of the United States on November 24. 1947, as within the purview of Part III Section 3, of Executive Order No. 9835. "Your original suspicion about (he character of the writer of the letter is, I think, entirely confirmed and obviously it is part of the communistic " line to try . to embarrass and discredit any 1 public officials who are not sympathetic to their views." (By the school teacher who risked death rather than return to Russia). (•Copyright, 1948, King Features. Syndicate, Inc. Reproduction in whole or in part strictly prohibited.) Republicans Plea for Two Party System Harrison. Oct 1 —(/Pi—The 1048 Republican campaign in Arkansas was touched off here today with a plea for the state to turn to the two-party system. Wallace Townsend of Little Rock, GOP national committeeman, asked support for presidential nominee Thomas E. Dewey and Dolton Dotson. Republican nominee for Congress in the Third (Northwest Arkansas' District. In a speech prepared for dc- ^ivery at the northwest Arkansas | district fair, Townsend said States | Rights Democrats could not ob- [tain local and national benefits which Arkansas would receive if it would become a doubtful state. 'They (States Righters) simply propose to split the Democratic vote, but they can do that and the Truman electors will still be elected." Referring to Dotson's opposition jto Democrat Jim Trimble, the in- jcumbent. Townsend said: I "For many years the Rc-publi: can party of Arkansas has i dreamed of the time when it would I win a major campaign in Arkan- ISPS by electing a Republican con- By United Press Housewives kept a close eye on decline in retail food prices indications of the long-anticipated decline in retail food priceas increased. With wholesale prices on beef, lamb and pork tumbling on the New York and Chicago markets, there was a general feeling that meat prices may have passed their peak. But experts still were wary about predicting just how fast the drop could be the consumer. A spokesman for one of the big four packers said frankly that "for the moment we have too much meal on hand." Reasons for the Violent Death Strikes 5 Times in State Thursday By The Associated Press Violent death struck five times in Arkansas yesterday (Thursdayi. A mother and two of her children. a Birmingham. Ala., preacher and a Negro colton picker lost their lives. Mrs. Elizabeth Davis. a son. Bobby, three, and a daughter. Betty Sue. five, died in a fire which destroyed their farm home neat- Cotton Plant. The Rev. Charles M. Cloud, Sr Birmingham, Ala., was fatally injured in an automobile accident near Lake Village last night Mary Sanders. Little Rock. Negro cotton picker, was killed in a truck and bus collision near Little Truman Blames NAM for High Cost of Living; Dewey Soys U. S. Must Block Russia Aboard Truman Campaign I En route with Dewey to Chey- Train. Oct. 1 —i.-l'i—President Tru- enno, Wyo.. Oct. 1 —(>Ti—• Gov. mrn began the last lap of a cross-i Thomas E. Dewey called on the country campaign swing today j United States today—as "the de- after blaming the National Asso-jcisive world power" —to help unite Europe threats Rock. Carl Junior Wvsc, died Wednesday ni; expected to reach industry from in- 'In this the sixth installment of Mrs. Kascnkina's own story, the former Soviet school teacher. who leaped to freedom from the window of the Russian consulate in New York, tolls of the second great famine that struck her native land. She also tells of how her sister. Eugenia, made attempts lo send food parcels to the Kascnkinas from England and with what frightening results.) By OKANA S. KASENKINA Edited by Isaac Don Levine flow to escape alive from the spreading scourge of the collectivization drive was the urgent question worrying our families having relatives on the land. Dcmyan's father, who had farmed his "field all his life, decided that tho>-e was only one way to save himself and his family. He would abandon his homester.:!, move to the city, and get a factory job. This he did. and he was saved. My father's brother. .ilso a middling farmer, did likewise and survived the man-made The national committccman said storm. Dotson would work for the do- The Communist offensive [ velopment of the Ozark mountain against private farming put a region. ' premium on the ne'rc-do-well. The Townsend charged that Trimble parasite became under the label of "has largealy been echoing the proletarian the priviledged charac- President with the same fidelity tor in the village, the thrifty with which he went down the lino peasant who had a horse, a couple ^ or l ' lc New Deal measures and of [ji. i srcssman from the Third District. • low This year we firmly believe our dreams are corning true." Townsend remarked that Dotson is an "intimate friend" of Governor Dewey and said his election in November would turn "favorable attention of the entire nation ! upon this district." on the market, spokesmen said, ranged . creased^ consumer resistance to high prices to increase shipments of meat by farmers. At New York. Markets Commissioner Eugene G. Shulz said butchers have been "disappointed" by the absence of the usual autumn increase in meat buying. In the dairy industry: At Milwaukee—in Wisconsin's dairyland —two dairies announced cuts of one-half cent on milk and cream. The president of one of the companies said the cut was made because officials think the price of raw milk is dropping. In Chicago. Richard F. Uhlmann,president of the board of trade, blamed the government's grain export buying for the high costs of commodities during the last two years. He al.so contended that farm price supports should be kept at levels. 10, Ncattlcton. 'lit ina Jones- Joro hospital from injures suffered n a traffic mishap, and the year 11143, which is now 275 days old, las resulted in 279 highway deaths " the state. Eighteen violent deaths have been recorded in the state this week. 11 from traffic accidents, five from fire, one a suicide and otic from a miscellaneous cause. ciation of Manufacturers for prices. The NAM. he said, spent millions to defeat price controls and was largely responsible for the present high cost of living. Predicting the Democrats "are going to win." the president set nis course for another round of "whistle stop" talks and a major address at Charleston!! \VM Va. ,at Accuses U. Paris. Oct. 1 —(*?)—Russia ao Western Europe in meeting cag- cused the United States todav oi grcssivc threats with "firm but seeking war and said the AtOi>n- cven-tcmpered resistance." cans have no monopoly on till The Republican presidential jatom bomb, nominee headed across Wyoming *" " ' for a talk in Cheyenne tonight on western livestock prospects — the 8:30 p. More m. (ESTl. than a dozen platform speeches led up to his scheduled appearance in Charleston. Most' oi them were in Kentucky, like West Viri "border state' Allies Promise Germany Fuel and Food Berlin. Oct. 1 —(/I')— Berliners took heart today in a Western Allied promise that they will have adequate stocks of air-borne food ana coal this winter Col. Frank L. Howley. U. S commandant in American-British ing the Soviet bockade of the capital and that food and fuel sur- We Have a Right to Demand Effective Use of ERP Dollars By JAMES THRASHER An American industrialist says that local authorities in Europe are playing politics with American dollars and delaying the effectiveness of the European aid program. He is A. G. Bryant, president of the National Tool Builders Association, who is just back front two months in England and Europe. Mr. Bryant charges that, too many dollars arc going into immediate relief and loo few into recovery, as specifically represented in the purchase of machine tools. European industrialists can buy American equipment only after national authorities have' allocated ECA dollars: to them, he says. Thus manufacturers must buy machine tools in non-dollar countries, where plants are swamped with orders, deliveries are slow. and the products, says Mr. Bryant. are frequently inferior or unsuitable. Mr. Bry;i:it. of course, has a specialized and perhaps limited interest in the recovery program. And tho story of ECA dollar allocation is not simple. Koverlneless. his critical report seems sound and worth the attention of European aid officials on both sides oi the Atlantic. Direct relief in Europe is still necessary. Rut il cannot be denied that direct relief is not very productive economically, however urgent Us need. Alter more than three years of peace, the Marshall cows, a few acres of land, as >y a -5 _U\e case with my father-in- lu'.v and my uncle, was now treated as a kulak. Originally the kulak calegorv comprised only the hard- fisted and sr fisted and usurious peasants of whom there were a handful in each community. Nov.- the kulak classification was applied to the millions of middle-call farmers who formed the backbone of the nation's agriculture. The collectivization campaign wrought havoc on the country. —Use Koch, mistress is only one of Communist shock troops rounded up recalcitrant peasants who would not be driven into collectives, and shipped them off by the tramload to stockades, con'centra- s:u d today. tion camps, and Siberia. Families | Life sentences of three others were mercilessly broken up, and connected with the notorious Na-'i their stock, poultry and last food I death mill also were reduced, philsophy." ers Frankfurt. Germany, Oct. 1 — iJP> of Buchen- 317 persons weld, whose war crimes sentences have been lightened, the U. S. armv supplies taken away. Often on whose husbands' or sons food ' worn- i ures released by the were ! The- 317 who won fig- Berlin. Ocl. 1 — (UP) — Soviet Yi'k fighters, switching their buzzing "attacks" to the British air corridor, zoomed within 50 yards of a British uansport loaded with supplies for blockaded Berlin today. Michael Davison, a former RAF fighter pilot and pilot of the heavily-laden Bristol wayfarer, said one Yak made a "quarter attack," peeling off 50 yeards or less from the nose of his transport. He said a second Yak was "on my tail," Both simulated attacks were made over Schoenfeld in the Soviet occupation zone, about 10 minutes form the British-operated Gatow airfield in Berlin. "As a former RAF fighter pilot, I would describe that. Soviet quarter attack as bloody," Davison said on landing. The Bristol had been chartered by the British from a private company for service on the airlift. army showed. leniency rep- communities in the Don peasant bands re- so; lire to their homesteads. Sometimes entire fields were burned by persecuted peasants during the harvest to destroy the crops and keep them out of (he hands of "ov- ernnient grain collectors. Wo knew of whole jsonl off into exile I region, where jsisted with arms that they iv-fard- •eci as a return to serfdom. "The guilty as well as the innocent, old and young, men. women and children, the sick and the crippled, ai [were horned together, and load- on onto freight cars which b«>- c.imo dearth traps and carriers of nitcas-e. Those consignments of do- lum;am/ed humanity filled the railroads, bound for'the Arctic the desert regions. I can still the piteous cries of the A< out of despair, i resented about one-fifth of the 1.- j'"' 1 persons, mostly Germans, tried for war crimes by U. S. courts. i according to a "ifi-pagc list corn[Piled by the Munich War Crimes ! ki'&neh of the Judge Advocate's of- The C-54 trans- or hear sessed. of the hungry ; .emaciated infants. Thus came the second that Frau Koch's sentence was reduced in Juno from life to four years imprisonment caused a furore in the United . States, and brought demands in Congress for investigation. The woman, wife of the Btichen- wald camp commander, was accused during her trail of atrocilcs such as the fashioning of lampshades from the skin of tatoood inmates. Gen. Lucius D. Clay, the U. S. (military governor of Germany, other Only two days ago Yak fighters buzzed two American port pianos as they Bearlin in the American air corridor into Berlin. The United Slates sharply protested to the Russians and asked that they take steps to prevent similar incidents. The British in the past als" have week | protested offensive passes by So- balllcground of the 1948 campaign. Ten thousand persons overflowing the Jefferson county armory at Louisville roared applause last 'ght as he unleashed a bare knuckle attack on the National Association of Manufacturers. He was welcomed to Louisville by a howling, screaming, whistling populace. With the help of Republican congressmen, he said, the NAM killed price controls with a "vicious," organized campaign it financed with 53,000,000. Using language as homespun as a calico dress, the gray-haired chief executive talked of living costs in terms of "hamburgers" and "chuck roasts." Ho told the people the NAM promised that the lifting of OPA controls would increase production rapidly and that prices then would Adjust quickly "to levels that eon- Berlin. " said theisurners are willing lo pay." airlift is dcfcal- H,c said Ihe juslments came ' "tho NAM vva>—the big business way—the Republican way." That last formal speech of a two-week campaign tour of the West. He capped that campaign in Salt Lake City last night with proposals for a nine-point foreign policy he said was aimed at "a lust and lasting peace." 'The means by which we seek to achieve that goal will be, first She strengthening of those forces which make for peace in tho world and, second, a firm but even-tempered resistance to the forces of aggression wherever they are seeking to break down and wear away the structure of human freedom," he declared. A crowd which overflowed the 8.000-scat mormon tabernacle, filled two smaller closeby buildings and stood on th e Temple Square grounds applauded as Dewey said: "The best along with way for us to Soviet leaders is to pluses are being increased daily for the 2.000.000 residents of Western Berlin. Howley conceded that "I can see a cold winter ahead for Berlin." when he'spoke at a news conference yesterday on the 100th day oi the blockade. He added, however, "the airlift has been more than meeting Berlin's minimum requirements." He explained that when tho United States and Britain began shuttling food and fuel into Berlin from the Western zones June 2G there was food on hand for '.'A days. Now there is food for 39 clays. There is now a 48-day supply of flour, the most essential food item, 0:1 hand compared to 25 days at the start.. And the planes have even gained some ground on the coal supply. An average of 2,300 metric tons of coal is being flown into Berlin every day, Howley said, while the planned consumption is only about 100 metric tons. This, admittedly, will not keep Berlin industries working at full capacity nor even maintain really comfortable warmth in its homes. But one German official assured Howley that Berliners were willing to endure the hardship. "The population knows it cannot deal with them as strong equals and by doing so to restore their respect for us. "We shall deal with the Soviet as with all other nations in a spirit of friendship and patience and fairness, but we should make it perfectly plain that now or hereafter we do not intend to be bullied or bluffed." Dewey proposed as a nine-point policy: In a violent attack on U. S. atomic policy, Soviet Deputy Foieijin Minister Andrei Y. VisliinsUy lolct Ihe ftl'i-membor United Nation., political committee that the United States is pursuing "war aims " He added that "it is a mistake to believe x x x that only one nation has a monopoly on atomic enemy. That is a dangerous miscalculation." Later in his speech. Vishinsky repeated what was interpreted as a hint that Russia also has an atom bomb. He said the United Slates was building a bomb stockpile "in the illusion that America has a monopoly on the atom, bomb." "His is an interesting illusion, particularly for the Repubhca'a presidential candidate, Mr. Thomas E. Dewey, who, I learn, has said that America possesses exclusively the secret of the atom XXX. "Is this not proof that America's aim is not real cooperation through international control, but, in fact, nothing less than a pla.t to retain what they consider to be .exclusive knowledge of .Uomic 1 energy?" ! He "accused the United Slates o? blocking all efforts to set up rffl control of the atom bomb, jMnv "Certain governments and pait- cularly the United States aic mal - ing energetic efforts to manita t \ the present lack of any effects j control over atomic cnergj This was .not the first Ru sir i way, he added, was "up and up j and up." "For instance," the president wont on, Iho folks in Louisville paid 23 cents for chuck roast in June. 194(in and 07 cents in August 1. "Unstinting" American sup-i hint the Soviet, Union already has of this year. "For hamburger," he said, causing to let his words sink in, "you paid 27 cents in June, 1946, and in August, 1948, you paid 56 cents." port for the United Nations to make it "a united front of the against aggression." world's pc a c e-1 o vi ng nations j the secret of the atomic bomb \V Continucd on page two gainst aggression." 2. "Wholehearted" backing of the Enropeaan recovery program to provide 'all reasonable aid" to | restore Western Europe's shattered economic systems. „,. ..... 3. Use of the program for "push- The Louisville address camej inf ,, prodding and encouraging" after a 141-mile automobile cam- j Western Europe into political,' mil- u.s.s and must not sell its freedom for a hot meal," said Gustav Klingelhoefer, head of the city's nomic department. The French-licensed German approached j newspaper Der Kurier added that "the confidence of the people in the airlift is shown by the fact that up to now only three per cent of the blockaded Berliners have accepted the Russian offer viet planes at British transports. paign in the southern Illinois soft coal mine country and a gruelling schedule of platform talks in Kentucky and I.biana. Mr. Truman looked a Uttlc tired toward evening from what he calls his "iron man" role, but he told the home state of his vice presidential running mate: "Alben Barklcy and f are engaged in a tough, hard fight. And we are going to this fight because we are on the right side." Barkley was dubbed the "iron man" in Kentucky campaigning 2;> years ago. As for his jabs at the opposition in all parts of the country, Truman said he intends to keep waging the fight along present lines. ft is a campaign, he said, that is "annoying the Republicans" but to draw' sector." their food in the Soviet 3:45 "pleasing the people." The president's route today led ceo- from Louisville (he set his departure for I!: 30 a. m. EST) through Anchorage, 0:05 a. in.; Shelby- villc, Frankfort, Midway, Lexington, ul'chesler, Mtm Sterling, Preston, Morehead, Olive HiU, Ashland and Catletlsburgh, in Kentucky. Mr. Truman moves into West Virginia at Huntinglon, at itary and economic federation, a United States of Europe with a demilitarized tional control policy which Ruhr under interna- • of' will •a ••"' step on Washington, Oct. 1 — (/Pi— Amor can delegates to the internation.«i monetary conference IKM--O bec,i up aid to 5. Air, land and sea forces "so strong that no nation will again risk attacking usm" 6. Economic policies encouraging "an abundant, increasingly productive nation." 7. Full partnership for Latin- American nations in developing and protecting this hemisphere. 3. Moves to "tell the people of every land the story of this America." 9. Leadership in "a great moral awakening" for the world. Aides said Dewey's statement represented a solid endorsement of the bi-partisan foreign policy as Continued on page two aces Spending of Servicemen Now Find the Going Pretty Tough m. He was ready to talk at every point. His Louisville speech was his 12(ith in a trip which started from Washington Sept. 17. And he will talk a lot more before Nov. 2. Due in Washington Saturday, h I Wednesday on a Pennsylvania, Nev slate New York. Safety Subject For national safety the United States needs to explore all avail- tarts out again | able oil reserves in the Western swing through I Hemisphere, Congressman Orcn .By HAL BOYLE perished in that planned Communist oliensive. But more than once my husband and I hoard the line ;!?..,,' l .^ 'V lssc ; d , dmvn fi '»'» "•"-• --t Lolslu-vik leaders: "'Ihe collectivization oooci and the vilhiyo crushed, regardless of human lives." The catastrophic the national economy caused.deep cracks to '• :: Matin's iron coh ;;n of tile ei the ruli I: r T Plan countries must start building their eoconmic future on the j fa mine lo afflict Russia in my lie- solid ground of maximum produc- j '-'mo. a famine not of nature's Uon and reasonable prices. i making, but in consequence n f the Machine tools are the root.-, from i ; ivo-Year Plan. No one will ever which industrial production grows. • "now exactly how many millions Bomb damage, over-use and nog- '•••*•••-> ...... lect have undoubtedly lelt this equipment in Europe in a sorry and inadequate stale. Il would seem essenlial. as Mr. Bryant points out. that manufacturers m American-aid countries have a live choice of the machine lools thc.v want, based on their particular needs and not on political consideration. Politics is perhaps not tho whole Story of this dollar dilemma. Tnere have been disag.'venK'M's. iirr.-l among the participating .;overn- rnents anil later will.in th-.- I'. :•-. government. o\tr which cnu^lrie:: should get how mai;y dollars, ana for what. Thus all available fund.-: are not yet allocated. Still easy to see how politi the picture. Whatever all the sons may be behind bottleneck, tho lad Mr. Bryant lolls us, distributors have nlacod worth of ordi' r- fcir , chine tools which -as- leteive'.i ollicial 'upp: while the Brit' du::try is a yv in ils delivery, • whili firms can suppl-- "nor ery of two or three m Now that the pcaii governments; havt task of dollar allocations b: America's ECA olfio::.!:-. it be. possible to get Seine aeti this requires sujigeslioiis thai would delight in calling "in • •nee." American efforts the bottleneck w .be for the .yoo'i Europe c inie health wiiin Continued on pa d of !i;i ve contended that the evidence did not show Frau Koch collected great i sui -'h ornaments or contributed to 'the deaths of any of the inmates In an inlerview yesterday Clay said that, before he reduced sentence, he had reviewed Koch case "very carefully." Clay has boon inslrucod by the War Department lo determine whether the woman can be tried 'j:i_ any other charges. An army review board which re- musl sue- ! ducod the sentence June f! Cora- capitalists • 'nulled Ihe prison sentences of 12 the cost jni'Jther Buchenwald defendants, t Among these was Prince Joslas isruption of i Waldeck. tiu- tiu' camp, w/i!/.- from life lo 20 sonIenoes v epj- | his throe sons, all talented j dermis embroiderers. Boston —i/i'i— It was night along j "Tattooing is strictly in the rod Scolaly square, the bowery of ink," said Harry Liberty, the last Beilon. son to take up human engraving. A small drab man played "My "We have all the tattoo business Wild Irish Rose" on a wheezy nc-ji n Boston, but there isn't union cordion and the notes held more anymore." the (thorns than petals. The man Some old clients still drop in to tho played tho tune without effort orjgoi a now heart, eagle, anchor or interest, and it was a sad thing i rose added lo their private picture i loi an Irishman to hear him. The galleries, but the question of frowzy cap on the box beside him i is being raised so often that Harry held more pennies than quarters. !has posted this dignified mess-igo: Only a few passersby moved: "While the cost is the first along the brightly lit street thai j thought now-, the choice of design is the poor man's Coney Island o.'|and quality of workmanship will the nation's codfish capital. The | be the chief factor as time goes on. shooting gallery, the passport ' photo shop. the cheap jewelry slores—all were empty. Only the ars Jiad cu.slomers. For peace has brought hard Sales About Average The deadiini price was midnight. Sheriff's U!,l)0 poll foi- "In Ihe years lo come, the quality of work will become more important than the original cost." The oust for a small tattoo is §2. One establishment off Seollay square enjoying an ominous boom is the wayfarers' lodgo. ' a city hostel whore bums and down-a:id- onter.- are given a bed. .shower, and 2.i-cent breakfast ticket. In return lor this they .spend two ho'.n:; sawing wood. "We've booh busy all sumnur, although winter is usually our b,g Season." said Paul Sterile.' the ni^ht superintendent. "Many men corn- are getting harder paying taxes last night, and the oiiice had issued . some lax receipts to date. This comparts with Ii300 issued in Hempslead county last night. Office depulh .-. believed this year's figure is about average and'when mail receipts ;ire sent out will run al least 0300. Ex-Resident of Hope Dies in Tcxarkana live al tin • Atlantic .".lonlii- bottom read the .-tuny the un- liieir pasl, pres- the brown stains its ii:isses the tbou- whu crowded it tree-:-ponding tea- plain that to find." But others EX-RAILKOACJEK Rock velor- e iast i:ii;hl. Tile llu:- iu-ld lumarrow. Jersey and up- Harris told Hope 'Rotary club today, being introduced on a pro- I gram arranged by D. M. Floyd, proprietor of Hotel Barlow. "Out of our experience in the recent world war it has been made abundantly clear that should another war come our resources would not be sufficient," Hep. Harris said. "Il would be a severe economic blow to our reserves should we again try to meet the actual needs of another war and at the same lime serve our own people.' Congressman 'Harris then told of his recent air trip to Mexico, as a member of the House Comrnilteo on Interstate and Foreign Com- inorce. "The Mexican government through their agency, ,Pemex. invited us to be their guost and observe their present pixwans and to discuss with them tht^ future ol the Mexican oil develortn'enl. "We visited the producing\areas on the Gulf Coast, Miiiati.tlan, Tampico, Poza Rica. Tuxpan. \lc.. We observed the antiqusated rerin- t-rie.-, in these areas and the neV'. 1 rr-fineries in Tuxpan, Mexico- eoii- :icir obligations under the S3,750-> 000,000 British loan. ' Closed conferences have been otaking place between sessions rf the governing boards of the worl,l bank and the international monc-' tary fund, diplomatic officials di'- closed. The governors held their thir I annual meeting today. They were expected to choose Paris as th • ' site of the 1949 meeting and u elect Pierre Mendes-France c£ ' France as chairman of the t\v > boards. The NUB of the BriUsh-Amer can talks is the requirement it the British loan agreement thrfc England make the pound steilin ' freely convertible into dollars, i\ foreign exchange. This mont was waited tempornnly' year with American consent. There is no belief that Fnc-lan 1 will be able to restore '-convertibility" in the near future. But th ^ United States, it is reported, woull like to got a pledge from England that she will work toward the gosl of convertibility as rapidly as uo_- sibly. Britain attempted to make goo 1 on the requirement in Julv ot last year, but the effort ' quickly brought on the British ' dollar crisis." The rush of other nations to convert their unspendably pounds int'3 dollars almost exhausted what wa > left of the loan and causod such a drain on Britain's dollar ie,-,c.ivea thai top British official:; flow lo Washington for help. The waiver agree men I followed. American officials said privately thoy have no hope in the piescat meetings of pinning down a " when convertibility can 'je. surned, je- I City, and the one under slruc'Uun in .Salamanca." Penicillin Dust Used to Cure Colds Chicago. Oct. 1 — -f.-iv- Pomcilim dust, inhaled directly into tho- no.so. throat and lungs, has cmsel symptoms ol the comment told la one to three days, throe pin .iciaos roiKvrted today. Their study, published in the Journal of the American Mvdiga, Association, showed: ,,, ., . -, - , ,, - ,,'''• Tliat °' a ?,™"P <jf !G:I ionmon. I Mi. Harris sau.l betore Ihe. United | oojri patients treated. 12 |it cent jged 71. ;-States could countenance a return j we're "considered cured arid ott pel" o. died ''-f American participation in the ] cent- showtd marked impro' <. men'* I'exui - i Mexican oil industry throe factors! "Those phenomena cani'it b? .would have to be considered, <\< j tully explained on the b:-.si of thi» : the political situation. 12) the eon- j known Vnperlies of penicillin n.imic condition, and (3) ihe history need further investigation " | oi petroleum in Mexico. " ..i .-.-K.-r said, addin;::" i Tho L-oi:t;roasman pomte.; out that "In mant I'istui'.ee:, the ; Mi-xieci ^lad a prodm-Uun of 12 j dust seemed in exvrt a W,QCC».- million barrels annually in 1912. i s,trk:lur ishriukingi aciiou of. thj rising to a pea!; of IlCi million , mncue.ii:-, ineiftbraae of the UOS3 Darrols HI 11(21—-when it was a j and tlnoat. 1 qu:trlor ot the total woiKi jirodue- : "Patients ktatixd thai tin v lion. But i Ku'.'ei ninoiit production is only '' ijestion of the niillio-i'. barrels u year. | t'iamrnatiou of 'he Mexicans propose, how- j brano of the nutoi olt^'U iii.proVfi, evei. Mr. Harris continued, to in-j immediately after troa'-ttnent erease production from a current i "Also, on occasion. lt\~ l«im ft 107.DDO barrels a day to -JG5.000, j an acuU-iy ioro ihioat wi^i jmU and [a this end they want lo nogo- liale for Ihe return oi private cum- i [umies to their coutnry. < "ungivssman Harris closed with j umnuiiy of the United Stales i ; breath:; more frV'ly ihrou it to'iay under Mexican social- j nose and the stLii^iuess aid LQ- 1 - •'.-iiU- rliinrss <v,j- he \!uioou ineir interest in seeing to it that available oil reserves are i;tu;\tJi 0:1 this side of the At- lull lie. orated in one-half hour to i/ru 1 hut,' i after treatment." [ Pending further study. t:v\ searchers .are uss.uiiiiny th. fi penicillin dust attacks not the : that ciiui.es the cold, but ill [ toria that prolongs il. : Pt!:icii!iti Jiss proved a i on pagd twa

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