Wake Plans Now to Attend Third District Livestock Show in Hope September 20-25-Six Full Days '*>; ur ua read Sliced Thin by The Editor Alex. H. Washburn A Timely Story on Agriculture in This Country When the Arkansas Bankers nsso- f$ elation, the Federal Keservc Dank of St. Louis, the local' banks and the State Extension Service made their lour of the Vernon Brown farm at Spring Hill September 10 the St. Louis Federal Reserve distributed a pamphlet which told an inspiring story. v It was not entirely new. of course. Your correspondent had made the livestock photograph which the pamphlet used, more than a year curlier. Oliver L. Adams. Hempstead county farm agent, had been # following the -Browns' story for several seasons. And it was the Brown family who really made ihc story in the first place. Let's hear it ns the pamphlet tells it: "Agriculture in the upland areas of southwestern Arkansas is definitely shifting from a cotton economy into a more diversified livestock program. Changes in land 1 use and crop production have been s paralleled by an increase in ihc • livestock population. ! "The Vcrnon Brown farming ex- j «* pericncc in Hempstoad county. Ar- j kansas. illustrates the favorable income posibilities of livcstocK and some of the preparations necessary i tor the proper development of a I livestock program in this area. In i 1942 the Brown lather and ton , partnership was operating on Ihe : cotton system typical of most farms ' in this area. Observing tii.it their ; cotton yields were declining, they j decided to try the dairy busii'esv. Early in l!)4li they purcha.-: :d four j (*.iiry cows and began t.> si 4. cream. This dairy enterprise immediately begun to pay DI'I' and as pusluro and hay crops \vere increased more cows were purc'ia.v- cd. Twenty cows are now being milked and sullicic.nl young stock Kept for replacements. "The ycar-by-year succors story outlined in this booklet is the result of much hard work on the pa; t of the partners. They also recognise the valuoble assistance LVoni the University 01 Arkansas t Service, the Soil Conservation Sor- -•jjj vice, and the Production Administration in the form of ni-itenals and technical advice. "Cotton has conv>letely left the picture and the corn acro:o<.j lias been reduced to one acre du> to unfavorable corn yields on this soil. These crops hr.ve be-.- i replaced with increased acreage of hay and pasture. In addition to larger acreages of toruge crons. the yields per acre have also risen as a result of the mineral fertiliser and seeding program—hay yields £ jumped from one to two ions jer acre during the period. "The total value of crops and pasture produced increased Crjm 5843 in 1942 to $3,010 in 1947." WEATHEtt FORECAST Ark.-msn.s: Fair j)v-. .ittTn i>i tonight, and Thitr.sr.lpy. V/armrr Thursday and in southwcul porhO'i this alternuort and tonight. 49TH YEAR: VOL. 49 — NO. 287 st ° r °L!lT, 1899; Press 192? Januarv !R, 192S HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1948 (AP|- iNEA)- -Mnans Associated Press -Means Mcwspopcr Enterprise Ass'n. PRICE 5c COPY See Biggest Cotton Crop Since 1937 I Estimated yield per acre: 313.2 pounds. One bale is Figures represent f thousands of bales | Seoul Sept. 15 — l/I'i— A Fast passenger train roaring out of a tunnel • ast night crashed into another 'rain halted on the track killing 35 homeward bound American 'sol- djers. Two Koreans were killed and 120 persons were injured including •JO American troops. They were bound for Seoul from Pusan (Fusan). Witnesses said the fast train from Mokpo to Seoul which had no head- the rear Gala, Colorful Occasion in Store for Hope When Arkansas Shriners Meet Here Sept. 25 The final day of the Third District Livestock Show will be highlighted by a meeting of tbo colorful Scimitar Shrine Clubs of Arkansas which are making a final trek of the year as guests of thv; local Shriners on Saturday. September 2f>, it was announced today by John M. McQueen, Illustrous To- lenlale. Sixly candidates will be on hand. Featuring the night's program will be a football game between the Nashville Scrappers and the Gurdon Go-Devils. This game has The Department of Agriculture's September estimate puts the 1948 cotton crop at 15,21D,000 bales, the largest yield since 1937. On Newschart above, expected 1948 crop is compared with last year's and tlia average of the 10 years 1937-46. Figures on map are 1943 estimate for individual states, except three in dark shading. Their combined production is estimated at 15.000 bales. ompames V/nshinp'lon. Sept. 15 —(/!')— The government sued today to break up the "big four" meat packing companies into 14 separate and competing companies. A civil anii-;ru.it suit filed in „,, .• i i , i-i i. , , i-federal court in Chicago alleged Ihe plight of Europe s displaced that the "'jig four" packers-Swift persons, which has been pitiable! and Company. Armour and Com- cnoush at best, now seems to bclpany, the Cudahy Packing Com- worse than ever. A few months ago pany and Wilson and Company Congress passed a bill to admit Inc.—violated the Sherman act by By JAMES THRASHER Bureaucrats Snarl DP Entries 205,000 of these fugitives from communism. The bill was widely criti- suppressing competition asked that Armour and Swift . , i • ., - , cized as inadequate in the number | cacn bo divided into five separate involved and discriminatory in its |companies, and Cudahy and \Vil- restrictions. But at least it was a bill. Now comes word from the International Refugee Organization in Geneva. Switzerland, that the movement of DPs to America has stopped dead. Apparenlly the trouble lies in the bureaucratic approach lo the problem by our consular staffs in Munich, Frankfurt and Stuttgart. President Truman issued a directive last year to facilitate the clearance of some of these unlortunales for passage to the United Slates. Relief organizations in Germany report that 1500 have been investigated, cleared, processed and found eligible for visas under that directive. But, with the new law. the consulates insisted on doing the whole job over again. The consulates do not accept the security clearance of the U.S. Army Counterintelligence; or the eligibility clear- j ! <>rice of the IfiO. They insist on ' making their own duplicate inves- i ligations. | Meanwhile tho refugees, many of whom are high-typo, well-eduea- i fed persons who possess a variety ' of valuable skills, exist in a state ni semi-freedom. They have no i homes, few possessions, and few adequate jobs. Their food and clothing are issued to them. They '• are a continuing source of expense ' to this country, and their presence adds another burden to the already heavy task that confronts our a.t- ihoriiics in Germany. It would be- to tin." advanla/;( all concerned if the machinery Jor getting them out of Germany could be speeded up. But as delay continues and lime passes, tl that this machinery must do becomes harder. The b'rth raK- in the DP camps reportedly serp:,. si.s the losse.5 from deaths and tures. And more Dl's aie urrivint: Conuiiiied on pa,.'e iwo two sep- Clark suit in an- Chi- in son each be divided into arate companies. Attorney General iiouncfd filing of the cago. "The four defendants named the complaint are chargjd with snnpres.iing competition in the sale of meat and meat products," Clark said in a statement. Clark said the suit is aimed at dividing the big four packers into 1-1 ".separate and competing companies." Swift and Armour each would be divider! into five teparnte companies and Cudahy and Wilson e.'K-h inio two -.er/arate c.-impanics. Clark described the suit as "an- o-'ivj-r in a sorVs of ea.ie^ instituted by the Department of Justice in lurihcrance of its program to free By LEON HATCH Little Rock, Sept. 1; Southwestern Bell Telephone Company employe said today the company had in effect already received a rate increase. He is G. J. Vande Steeg, Louis, engineer for eastern -sonri and Arkansas. The engineer returned to witness stand as a second by the Arkansas Public Ka^sa light telescoped tho rear of troop train which had no lights. One passenger on the soldiers' train likened the wreck and subsequent fire to a Dante's inferno. Rescue workers worked all night digging out the dead and injured. The 25 American bodies were brought here early today. The injured were Ircatcd by American and Korean doclors and many of them were able to continue their journey. Charles McCaffcrty of Chicago a passenger said the engineer of the Mokpo train apparently did not see the other train until it was 30 .ya v f!s away. The engine plowed half way into 'he rear coach from which most of 'he p-sscngers had jumped when the other train roared from the tunnel. Tp-o v^nr (-orn-h was ripped frnm its tracks and shoved into the coach ahead where most of the ca""allies occurred. "We saw Ihc train come out he tunnel about 1000 yards •wav." said McCaffcrty a labor] relations adviser to the military -, crr-vcrnmrnt in the American /.one. "Wo yelled to the passenger and all gol off except one man in the washroom who was not hurt seri- out-ly." Army officials said relatives of 'he dead were being notified but it may be necessary to bring personnel records from outlyimi detachments to complete identifications. been moved lo Hope especially for the Shriners. Between halves the Scimitar's uniform drill team will stage a show of ils own on the field, affording residents of this section a real treat. The mounted patrol vyill lend additional color to activities at Pair park the final day. The program follows: 8 a.m. Scimitar Special leaves Union Station in Little Rock for Hope. 8:30 a.m. until 1:30 p.m. registration of candidates and nobility at Hotel Barlow. 10:30 a.m. Scimitar Special arrives in Hope. 12 noon—Noon luncheon end 1 evening dinner will be served uniform bodies and candidates at Hotel Barlow. Luncheon for ladies at Hope High School Cafeteria with transportation provided. 1:30 p.m. Grand Parade L':30 p.m. Business meeting, Hope High School ! 2:30 p. m. Bridge and golf for of ladies at Hope Country Club. Transportation provided. 3 p.m. First Section, Hope High School 4 p.m. Second Section 8:15 p.m. Football Game, Hope High School stadium. 12:30 a.m. Scimitar Special .eaves for Little Rock. Marshall May Be Forced !o Leave Mee! Washington. Sept. IS —(/P)— Secretary of State Marshall said today that because of the international situation he is uncertain how long ho will remain at the United Nations meeting in Paris. Asked at a news conference ho expects to sec Soviet Minister Molotov in the the hearing Service Fort Worth, Tex.. Sept. 15— I/P) — The Democratic party of Texas has house-cleaned itself of members and especially leaders who would not pledge clhcmsclvcs to total parly loyalty. This complete party-line purification, and formal certification of Lyndon- B. Johnson as nominee for United Slates senator were the chief accomplishments of yesterdays; 12-hour slate convention grind. ' Just before midnight, convention officials sent the Johnson certification by registered mail to the secretary of state at Austin. This, Johnson's attorneys said, WPS to forestall possible legal action by Coke Stevenson, defeated in the Bevin Charges Sept. 15 — I/Pi— Foreign Ernest Bcvin told the plication for an estimated 000 annual rate increase in sas entered its second day Vande Steeg was being esarnincd by William H. commission engineer. _ "Ifn't it true." Cobb "th;H the telephone company already has received a rate inere-ise through down-grading of service'.' The company h;.s received additional revenue frr-m the same fiscal plan. ha;-:n'l if. 1 " ••Ve-: t thi'i's ri;\ht." the wimo.ss S'.l.iiOO,- Arkan- cross' Cobb. d. a record-breaking senate race close margin of 87 voles. It took the Truman forces five hours to beat the stubborn State Rights minority down and sweep into control with two clear-cut victories -on test votes. Then they ejected anti-Truman delegates j East-West from four counties. States Right' j progress in London, Secretary House of Commons today the Communists are following a plan aimed at seizing southeast Asia. The Communists' aim is to "try to drive evei'3' Western association out of that territory, in trade anc everything else," Bevin declared. Bev-in. explaining the curren Communist uprising in Burma and Malaya, said: "This problem has bean going on ever since the Marxist-Lenin theory was adopted, not merely ii Malaya but elsewhere. It is par! and parcel of the clash bctweci two philosphies which will sympathizers from five counties walked out in protest. Continued on page two breaking out everywhere that i can." Hours before Bevin's appearance in the House, the foreign office an noun."cd that his statement on in tcrnalional affairs would conlaii no mention of the Berlin crisis or negotiations now in Moscow. With Marsha Faces Charge Washington, Sept. 1 15— (/P) — Robert C. Alexander, who dis agreed with Secretary of" State Marshall over the clanger of admitting Communists to this country through the United Nations, has been charged with miscon- whether Foreign ___ .... French capital, Marshall said that he assumes Molotov is going to be at the U. N. meeting opening Tuesday. At the same time. Marshall in- •Hca'od n Inck of encouragement in East-West relations as u result of developments of the past 10 days. This hfcamo apparent when Marshall was asked" whether he agreed with a recenl statement of former British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden that internalional affairs appeared to be going from "bad to worse." After a moment's hesitation Marshall said he would content himself with the observation that he had not had any period of great relief in the i.'ist week or ten days and would welcome any encourage-1 mrnt. He replied with a quick no comment however, when asked whether he meant that nil the negotiations of the past 10 days have failed to improve the world situation. His remark about, lack of encouragement and relict obviously covered the latest conference in Moscow on the Berlin blockade between Molotov, American Ambassador W. B. Smith and representatives of Britain and France. Marhsall said the state department has received a report from Smith on yesterday's meeting. He declined to say whether there would be further East-West talks in Moscow about Berlin as reported in press dispatches from the Russian capital and Irom London. Marshall will leave for Paris,next iEtm day. o duct and neglect of duty. The State department scnted the charges in has pro- letter to chief Anthony Eden, acting conservative leader of the House, told the Continued on page two o rnze Beauty Must Be Weil-Rounded, Above os Well os Below the Ear HAL BOYLE iMiss America had to do more .' York —i.-l'j—The new Missjlhan demonstrate she had more America is a welterweight likejcurves than a mountain road. She (Barney Ross or Mickey Walker |had to display poise in an evenin;.; gown as well as charm in a bathing suit. She had to show cultural Ihe toy bulldog. She is .taller. I believe, than Jim LondoMi the ex- 'avywoight champion wrestler. l'"r.i tin nnore. Miss Beatrice talent. And she had to evidence a winning personality. The 'judges io;-,p. who won tin? Atlantic City [estimated the personality by hav- •autY pagi-ant. can drive n trac-jiny breakfa:;t with the contestants. lor. Lives "to clean fish." and ! This was a rough test indeed, for plays tin- piano and drum. 'what woman feels her personality i,.'d-liloi 'led, clean-cut jis best at breakfast time? girl, richer by B V adding tests of character a: -I ivcently servvd i Hollywood she fi'ni.T unless they o:i the vibruharp. is very contusing to ing lo the old-fa.sii- ! ro.' j >;M:' ie beauty as pale and l>>yjlorn in a high tower :ie rescued. \Vlr-t •i i. a bit silly ual- f a strapping a:i and cook ui 1,-iy:-, down >vi:: n'iogu o in the Iria tribute lo nv aucung U'sis 01 eliaracier a: a t -\ ( ,\\i culture as well as mere physicial j\ n H-auty, the Atlantic City contest ,,...,-,, .!, j .. . i • , i . A ..: "^ Anu-ri- j a:lniir( "Downgrading means ; e!iin'_> uf the quality of .'ervice. In his interrogation Col •:i/.f:d through th ephoni- i >i-on subiectet iiroducts from monoijolis ecesve I Va'Kle hitrclcM i l has l.'i'i- 1 mat 91 pei- cause- of u. S. Airmen cleased by Russians Alexander, who is assistant of the visa division. Officials said the action is the first of a series of steps which could result in disciplinary action, possibly including dismissal. Alexander and two other vsa division officials testified before Senate judiciary committee investigators two months ago that there was a threat of the national secur- iy in the admission into the U. S. of aliens from Communist-controlled countries as employes of the United Nations. Subsequently Secretary of Stale Marshall told a news conference he knew of no case in which investigation had showed that there whs any such threat. Marshall named a committee of three Washington citizens however, to investigate the situation. Their report presumably lays the basis for some of the charges which the department has formally brought. This report said Alexander and his associates "had never made a persistent effort" to bring lo Ihe attention of top department officials the condition about which Ihcv lesliied they were disturbed. The committee also said thai their testimony was "irresponsible in Us lack of factual support." The filing of charges probably will intensify the controversy Continued on page two Tho Arkansas Employment Security Division has icvrr^ed its prcviovi:.! Ktaii'l ol rofu no* lo rjul close to six local companies the payment record on unemrlo>m< nt benefits charged to then .ictounK, but will give out the infoini.ition from the state office at Little Rock instead of the Hope dull-let office, it was announced Joclay. Last Saturday the six companies obtained from Circuit JiH ;e ut/vU-i: Bush a temporary order to compel, the Hope district office to malct. public tho benefits recoid of former employes—but in view of the new action by the stale office the otder against the district ofltcc will not be enforced, at least foi th; time being, it was said today. An employers' statement tcloas- cd this morning said: t "Luke Arnetl pt : Little Hotk, ai-« lorncy. lor the. Ar'kansni Unemployment Compensation Division 01 the State Employment Soivice, conferred at Icnglh in. Hope on Tiio&daj' with attorney and agent for e!> von Southwest Arkansas business, lums who la_st week filed s,uit the Hope District Employment 6t« fico, and Teddy Jones it., maiiacifi-, seeking to force the local oliic^ to furnish certain rceotdi to lh.» inm-3 concerning claims 1'ilj'l agiuu.t Ihe interested Jirms by toioui tm- ployees scekiri;* unc.ni"!oynimt compensation. "Judge Dexter Bu h in a h> cir- ing ni rexni-Kana SaiuuLr joined, an order requiring the di.Unt office lo uinusa ;ne tuvt-i inloi- maiion from ils recoup on ,1 temporary basis ar.d wul l\tond i> Of'u- bur 4, IV'l'J, as the d.itp l.x ,1 /rial hcanng at Hope to deteiiniue v v iu*- thcr or not tho ordei &houlfl bt- made perrnnnent. . "Ailer Tuesday's coufetenco ,1'ack Williamson of Hope, ,i ^nt 101 thu fums s<Ui th it Mr Aiiiett litiQ oiicicd to mane ill Ihi do ucd in- foimalion available thioiu;h the cuiUal otficc in I UUt lint.lv He luithci iiatccl that n view o[ thni commitmi,nt the tc nporaiy oic'ei- against tn<_ locrl ot ice ond Mr, Jones uould no). In. mi>lotpu \uiou, at Icabt lor tin tihie I L.m&~ ii\ otclci to J.LC v,ht-tht,r or run \lw Little Iiock olijce inade j,Qud ^'j iU «. il H i, f V ,*, „ rVf ' It docs not make any dtUt!r« cncc to us w/itie tuc. inf.aima.HOR comes irom as long a^ it JB , c t prompt and correct' " j\Ii. Wllljiam- ' son said. "The hearing on the matter in,', Hope will be held on the jtasl day;" of the regular October teim of the ^ Hempstead Circuit Court." 1 -G"~""" ----- ^ iJjfr i1 M % 1 -I u^f] M V rt ft India Throws Chutists into Province Fight New Delhi, Sept. 15 — Iff)—India threw parachute troops into the invasion of Hyderabad today and captured Homnabad, 84 miles from the capital. The drive was from tho west. The second largest city of the princely state, Aurangabad, and its cantonment surrendered in the northwest, giving India, virtually all that corner of the state, the defense ministry said. Military informants; in Madras said they thought Indian troops might reach Hyderabad City and suburban Secunderabad by Thursday or Friday. This would virtually end Ihe fighting, which stemmed from the refusal of Ihe wealthy Moslem ni/.am to join his state to the Indian union, _ „— — — India asserted when its troops teachers to attend, Wilbanks struck into the south central state a dawn Monday that disorder was rife and the will of the people, (10 per cent o£ whom are Hindus, was being thwarted. (A Karachi dispatch said Hyde- rabad advices reported stiff fighting on the border ot Berar, which Dr. T. J. Willbanks Pastor of Pino Street Presbyteii.m Church. Texarkana, will speak, to the Hemp- slcad County Adminibltatoti and teachers next Monday m 'lit at Y'Ji) in the library room at the- Hop« High School. The general subject ot the pio- gram will be Public and Pioko,.- ionul Relations and Character .education. County Supiivisor 1 R ' (Brown urges all Hemp .lead county 1 tiny othei person interested in the Hempstead. county school progiam it> invited In addition to the pnntip.it .sp'cch, other routine rnatti. rt> ot mil ri<st to 1 all teacher;! will be discussed. Mr. Brown said th it the I- ac.H T shortage in Hi.'mp>Uad cot'T.t'v still 95 Policemen Injured by French Strikers Paris, Sept. 15 —-d'l'i A 'strike crowd of 4.500 rushed the National j Aviation offices in Central Paris I today and injured 95 policemen in rioting. estimated 2.500 of the crowd workers of the tion indu-stry. denouncing " c ii'iit layoffs of workers from government payroll. Another 2.000 strikers from the nationalised Renault Auto plant .ioiucu mom. They threw paving stones >ar.s of iron grillwork at the police. .. . | . , , iwhu fought back with night sticks look out books on spino/.a Irom the 1 • •• -• • -- ' • mil'lie library. They liked to Jack Dernpsey come back into the ring ;,nrl kno (i k out Firpo. and if I'M; couldn't dance tin- rhi.nnba — ••'o what'.' Kinsti-in \vas admired for his brain. Who worried how hi; shows a new trend in the can mind—its tendency to people of multiple talents. In the old days the American loved a hero with our- outstanding viriin-e or ability. They went to S'-e Babe .Ruth hit a home run.|i and ii.'W cared whether he also!' v -'|;md .joins the state on the north. Hyde- j t i a i t , rabad claimed 2,000 of its irregular troops repulsed an Indian attack near Ilospet in the southwest). Indians striking toward the capital and Secujirierabad from the east were said to have advanced three miles east of Suriapet to within 7") miles of their goal. Aircraft strafed Ihc defende-s. A mil- tiiry spokesman said no Hyclru- '•>Ml planes have been seen in but- tle, although the state has some. The spokesman said the important railhead of Khammarnet, 110 miles east of Hyderabad city, is expected "to fall at any lime." rii'.t'-onali/.ed Troops from Madras have been i-(i c -- driving against it from the south the !from Bex.wda. A defense ministry spokesman announced gab a a an'I serious. of Ihe : AJ'tt i ichoob i tin ait still important leaching po ttior, in tV> county for which qi, il (it i it a- chers cannot be stcitud Sov^ial positions have alrt idv b a fillc'l by teachers with iiiouffiu i't liais* iug. Army Short- of Signal Corps Officers and . fic-ld dispatches. H. Ihe capture of Auran- i and Air this was supported by here. A critical short, ij' Corps Officers inn Army, according to rnent mad;- today by rick Person of th U Force Rec.utiu the Approximate ly Ki\v:nus Ciul/s nii;ht at Fair p:i night. i club IJIVM nk-i-l le:Uli:"v,l O. I.. o;i "Key Clu 1 on s:)ui::.iire An i 11 v i l ers tn jMslrk't CVn on Septembe Barbecue IK \Vu.v thc Ji!.-! tu do a lot ins. Abr; lave tn.uble li-a roi.'d an :i)l-aroiuid i What ch int-e would | have a ilaitist M's:- i Hi-ii-ii. who,' •\boul 2.00(1 Paris police and i'.vu .-,Oii;.-d. : > of mobile guards fought oil th.' sinkers on the Biiuluvanl Ila'.isinann. The? riot ilai'cd I'm' two hours, sii'ttided and thi-n was renewed. Members of tho communist led Gein.ral i-'cdi'i'.ition i.f Labor at tiu- sanic tirue organised il cli-inonslra- tK'ii at Biiilum;ourt to demand a m.minimi nionthU' v;a^e of Ki.otiU I nine iS-iO'. Son-.e :-il.OUM workers uf the nault rr:utoi£ plant voteu lo gc this afternoon. Locals Attend j In urgitig Signal (of tiie Kcsenv Com i Hope' area to anp! 'active duty, I\I S."> such application.-! oh' ed to the Adjutant C!i i the oifu-i- of the iui uf the Orj;anii;i.-d Iii^ Re- out Minor Automobile Accident Results in Arrest of One An autiimiibiU' ihivi-ii by Kohert :;:.s collided with anoth'-r owned T. I). Williams lau- yi-stei clay ,'ntown mi Thii'd Street, result- : mg in sli.uhl llama;;-.-. According to '• police records Riggt. ir.jsti/d ij^5 e,i.-,ii bi>i,a mi \.-li.,i' c ^< tj\ di'uiiki'n driving. Fair Opening N T L'\ r ;idu county's 12lh annual fair opi-ned today at 10 a.m. with a parade- through the downtown streets. The Fair will extend i thronyh Saturday. Participating in the parade were • du/.L-ns of Hope horsemen and livestock Asstteiation boosters and | tin.- llupe Hiyh School band. Schools i in Prescoil v.'ei'e disn'nsset.i for the 1 i':-v lo allow students to altenU the Fair. of Sign;:'! t in the armouncc'- S 't FtoU- Auny S«.j»'cu otncfl > ,n th i ^1 iidt-d i i bind, diic t-. 1 in Delegates io Soybean Mc^t to Visit Arkansas Schedule for Draft Registration 17 or Sept IS—Men born in Si pi. 1USO.
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