Vtr'-W^ Just Routine History Is Opening Pages Already Flecked With Blood iy KAY PEACOCK WMe World Features Writer >'?lfldia's book of history is opening to jJiftW pages already flecked with blood. j.It,is the fate of conquering armies to fv'lOok toward India, and India's fate to ijbe invaded and partitioned again. wSThe rise and fall of invaders from , without and conquerors from within p.^has made India a series of whirlpools. JtA0ne would boil over and widen its gaifluehce, then recede and be over- jjapped by another. But each left its gniarfc—in culture, race or religion. tijToday the Axis coverts India. In |f327:B.;C., when earliest records take jffcirrtv ; it was Alexander the Great KWhtf-coveted. In a two-year invasion Campaign he founded cities and left 5|Jthe:mark of Greece. Even then, In- I'jlifchad some 118 separate kingdoms, |asfeyeri definable 'castes. IJUjNorthwestern India was invaded in feffne.'second century B. C. by Antiochus |§|K^;Great, of Syria, and about 100 "|t^ij.C, there was another invasion, by ptrlbes.'.from central Asia, Persia and fillonia., '. ... ^ @,'|;iFbr several hundred years there- ll'^ter, wars of expansion and invasion pffeere. fought by tribes and peoples SSwhose names are meaningless even to Kistorians, Dynasties rose and fell. .left its mark. And what was f .called !, the golden age of Hinduism, |320t480 , A. D., was ended by Huns * whose organized brigandage affected ;India- ••--,-• Turks drove out the Huns, and sp,-.was free of invasion for 500 jfyears, but meantime new elements if Had been added to the population. and virtual civil, warfare al- again in the whirlpool pat- leaving a disunited India easy , for Mohammedan invaders I|ab6ut 1000 A. D. The wars went on jjfeyjSth'-the Mogul dynasty which became l||Mpminant in 1525 and lasted for two IpJiCerituries. During this period the ifjBritish established themselves at HfSurat, Portuguese traders came with Msoldier support, and the Dutch drop- .fll^ed in to build factories. fpf||Conflicts among the invaders added |$ifVariety,, but by grants and treaties j||;the British began gaining strongholds Jlfon, the coasts. Bombay was British- lqiJominated in 1665, the Moguls offering fno,; serious objection to fortifications because it was outside their territory. Jl^French fleet in 1746 took Madras, pfbiit: England regained the city two §i|years later under the treaty of Aix- .Hfla-Chapelle. Since conquest looked ggeasy, the French came again, and .in 'gfthe. subsequent war the British hero SClive captured Arcot from the French. | The Black Hole : • |§;British tenure was uncertain. In fj 1756 they were driven from Calcutta, ISnd 146 prisoners were put in a stifl- |ftig:>oom 14-18, wittt only.; two small pyindows. The next morning, only |23:were alive. That was "The Black ,§Hole ; of Calcutta." ||?|£Clive recaptured Calcutta and. laid '|the, foundations of the British Empire, |ih .1757. More wars were to follow. jp.The French under Napoleon had to be i|kept out, native leaders rose and fell, !|Russia wanted some Indian territory, |:and;there were wars with Burma and ^'Afghanistan, with the Sikhs and the ^Mohammedan rules of Sind. with the gBengalese. JpsHowever. with Afghanistan, Burma ;,and Nepal as buffer states, the Brit- l|ist stuck. Russia has been the chief g challenger, and war was narrowly missed in 1885. Afghanistan clashed «| with India for a third time, in 1919, n a ,shortlived war. vIn:recent years the story has been ,pf a different nature, but the blood,|i;streaked whirlpools are still there as Jptroubles of tribe and caste and re- ||ligion boU over. And in the back- tt?erpund is threat of invasion—just an- war to India, with dates and to be filled in. OUR BOARDING HOUSE MOf t Sf Ak, MOM, ARKANSAS with .. . Major Hoople Ler Aiwos PAUL I'D TRIP OVER A OR FIREPLUG IN* THE DARK, 6DT WE KNOWS TME ALLEYS CAT-***-HE'S SEENl OfcAFTlNS YOU TWO PARLOR SOME POST IN I'M, PAINTING THE LILY, BUT X FlSDRE •SERVICE NiO\M rv\V EQUALS OF A 15-YEAR-OLO 60V/ \MITH A NAB SPIES THOUSANDS /) r 7 FRO^A TVAE V CLUS V Wednesday, March 18, 1942 India Could Be Asia's Arsenal Country Produces Metals, Rawstuffs, Humans to Spare By RAY PKACOCK Wlilc World Feature* VVrHcr India is Ihc counlr.v that cnn tnkc on an order for enough bullet-stopping sanclbiigs to girdle the nlobo move than 19 times, Iiulin is the country thut produces mulns, inwstuffs and humans to spare. India is nn arsenal that the Axis wants and the Allies must keep. But there is a BUT, both in resources and manpower. Although the country has experienced wars from the first day;;, its people in the main are agricultural and not aggressive. Out of its population, nearly three timus that of the United States, only 500,000 to not more than 1.250,000 are under arms. Arid India is not yet self-sufficient in production of machine tools and industrial Prescott News By HELEN HESTERLY Telephone 163 Chamber of Commerce Meeting ©spent Tuesday in Prescott as the guest Held Moftdav Niellt nf rplnltvAC nnrl frionrlc Held Monday Night The annual meeting of the Prescott Chamber of Commerce was held Monday night at the Loda Hotel at 7:00 p. m. Approximately 100 persons were present. The meeting opened with a dinner. The annual report of the President, Secretary and Treasurer, noting progress during the past year, were submitted and the proposed program for the ensuing year outlined. All of which seem to meet .full approval with the members present. The principle speaker was Mr. D. Hodson i Lewis, manager of the Chamber of Commerce of Little Rock. Guests included Mrs. Lewis and Miss Dorothy Mae Lewis, J. C. Murray, Traffic Manager of the Little Rock Chamber of Commerce, R. P. Bowen, Secretary of the Hope Chamber of Commerre, and Mr. Harrislon, Manager of the Barlow Hotel in Hope. The new members of the Board of Directors were announced at the meeting. They are: Rosbrough Bemis, Lee Lemmerhirt, Matt Hitt and C. C. Mitchell. Tlie new board will convene Friday evening at the office of the Chamber of Commerce, to elect officers, appoint committees and 'outline an active program of work for the coming year. of relatives and friends. Calendar Saturday The Benjamin Gulp Chapter of the D. A. R. will meet at the home of Mrs. Charles Thompkins yith Mrs. Allen Gee as co-hostess, 2:30. G. C. Murray Elected Director cf Civilian Defense G. C. Murray, Secretary of the Prescott Chamber of Commerce has received appointment from the State Department of Civilian Defense as Director of all civilian defense in Nevada County. County Judge J. C. Woodul is chairman of the Nevada County Organization. Plans for organization of defense are now under way and will be announced soon. Bring us your Skk WATCH Speedy recovery guaranteed. : - Repair servic* very reasonable. PERKISON'S v- JEWELRY STORE 218 South Walnut Society ORIANA AMENT BOYETT • Teacher of Music-Voice, Piano. Art-Drawing, Painting. Studio 608 South Mair Street Phone 318 W Miss Jimmie Nickols and Miss Addys Brown left Tuesday for Hot Springs where they will spend a few days attending the races at Oaklawn Park. Dr. William Arnold of Fort Smith is the guest of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. C. P. Arnold. Mrs. Ed Barham and Mrs. Ora Bell j Hollow of El Dorado were Tuesday ' guests of friends. Mr. and Mrs. Charlie Pittman and Mrs. D. L. McRae Jr. spent Tuesday in Hot Springs where they attended the races at Oaklawn Park. Mr. Pittman will remain in Hot Springs for a few days. Mrs. Dale Denman of Bulff City A Trip on a Convoy Ship Ships Attacked by German Bombers Before Leaving By PAUL MANNING NEA Service Foreign Correspondent IN CONVOY OFF WEST AFRICA —(By Radio)—The Germans bombed -I*I«L mat. mumm^ m jjivenjoui inuy Liverpool the night we sailed. They bad offered me transportation from deck there's a blackout which makes drab London seem like a carnival city of lights and music. No one ever undresses and you follow the night-time pattern of placing life- belt, passport and money within quick I reach when depth charges begin ex- ' ploding with their vicious crack. When near, they just about roll you out of bed. That happened the first week off the Irish Coast. Passengers later said they were thinking of a freighter which had been reported sunk up j ahead that night and the purser says he thought of the futility of launching a lifeboat into the giant sea which was then running. Ship Food Better Than in London Each day begins at seven a. m., when Jimmy, the West African, slips to each bunk with tea and the announcement "Yoh buff's ready." The food is only fair, yet it is belter, than you gel in London and the break fast of bacon and cgas which was served each Thursday and Sunday mornings was something any habitue of the Savoy or Ritz would want, but couldn't get. It was during the first 20 days on any clear afternoon that you could see the little Russian and his wife striding slowly around the narrow deck of the New Zealand liner which plowed forward at he:id of the third column. Their route lay to Capetown, then up the Persian Gulf to Bandpr Shapur where they were to entrain for the Caspian Sea and home. That first morning in Liverpool they troyer later flashed a signal that Ihe U-boat had been accounted for. The tanker had long ago shuttled back to safety. Eut (here never was any signal flash for the little Russian and his wife, who wore not listed among the survivors. That was loo bad, for they were going home and they had fell: so good that morning in Loverpool as they told of their two sons in the Red army and of their daughter Tatiana, who works in a gun factory just out- tide the city between Moscow and Kuibeshev. \ steel, chemicals and lubricants. The majority of the army still is in training, few are fully equipped, and there are insufficient officers. The famous fighting sikhs of (lie north lire numerically ew. The entire community, including women and chil- dten, totals not more than 3,000,000. However, the fighting men India has are well rated, and they have, in the words of L. S'. Amery, British secretary of stnte for India, "shown a roniiirluible aptitude for modern mechanized warfare." They have served in the Middle Enst and Malaya; in the occupation of Iran, the improvement of Iran highways and the Trans-Iranian railroad loading to UiiEsia, and in garrison service in Iraq, Eritrea, Abyssinia, Soinuliland :md elsewhere. Nilvy Expanding Tht Royal Indian Navy at the war's outbreak consi.'.le dof five small es- torl vessels and miscellaneous oilier uafl. most of it based nt Bombay. Now i-hipyards are turning out mine sweeper.-, and subchasers, Hit number nf rulings has been doubled und a train- i.'ii? j-'diool for boys lui.l been opened at Karachi. Most of the navy is serving in the Red Sea. An important British naval and air base is located at Trincomulee, Ceylon, which has a good harbor, at least two drydocks, and some fueling and lepair facilities. The three leadiii" cities are Calciil- t:i, M8fi,000; Bombay, I.ICI.OOO, and Madras G'17.000, all presumably reinforced since the war's outbreak. Elsewhere there are defenses of the typo formerly dominant but of the type now called "static," notably at Khyber Pass in the northwest. India got a late start in industry, as witness the climb of steel production from 113.000 tons in 1U20 to 2,000,000 for the present. The largest iron and steel works in the British Empire is located at Jamshedpur. Home manufactured tanks, aircraft and armor plate supply Indian troops. Sweden's King iiI OurDoilyBreddS •HMMHMMMj^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ M ,1 - Kins Gustav V, Sweden's aged king, is recovering from an operation. (Continued from Page One) stales it cnn be done. 11 should be evident thai the fewer f.late and local taxes on the books, the more nble will citizens be lo pay Hie more essential federal levies oif'i buy defense bonds. After nil, Hint's I ho big mid only worthwhile job right now. Intcrforonce with this job by overloaded state, county and municipal payrolls Is little short of Ipnd- ing nid and comfort lo tho cnpmy. Pup Has a Taste Fora Sip and a Nip SALISBURY, N. C. -(/I')- Whoa Kokc wns :! pup Mrs. Miry Snidw bt* gan giving him a sip of coffee every icu.iiiink'. And, his mislri.'!..-i says, the j lour-year-old t-ockcr spaniel is aa j nervous as a kitlon if ho doesn't Ret his morniiiK cuii of javn. She says Koko idso looks forward lo an ocn sioniil sip of wine-.but he yets that very rarely. The Kohinoor, Southern Slnr, nnd Great Mogul, are famous diamonds. Ordnance factories r.rc government operated for the most. At Bangalore in .souhtern Indian the modern IlincUi- ! tan aircraft factory is turning out training planes and Cmtiss MnwU fighters, but the motors have, to bo imported. iMiMiitions r.xporls Exports of munitions above home needs have been 000,000 shells and inO.OOO.OOO rounds of small arms ammunition. An estimated 125,000 pairs of army boots are shipped monthly to United Kingdom ports. India is among the world leaders in production of high grade iron ore, nianRnne.se and mica; rank.'-, second lo the United Slates in cotton, has tin international monopoly in jute, and is a leading producer of oil, tobacco, spices, tea, wheat, rice, suyar and vegetable oils. ^ Also a preat producer of wool'mca. and hides, it lias rnughly a third of the world's cattle, plus 20.000.000 goats, 222.000,000 sheep and M.000,000 horses. Yet much-of India's produce is in raw form, and must be shipped out for processing. Once isolated, IndiaW value to the Allies would drop sharply. That is why India's defenses are at the Suez Canal and in Burma. The Khyber Pass is dated. RELINERS 600 x 16 BOB ELMORE'S AUTO SUPPLY Bob Elrnore, Owner WANTED fAST IRON SCRAP 75 Cent! ptr Hundred Peundi Fflid ARKANSAS MACHINE SPECIALTY GO. Hope, Arkansa* Wetfr Heoters Hqrry W. Shiver Repairs 309N.Moin [LIBERTY UMEfflCKS ITArLOR An interne from Sault St. Marie, Said—"After I've earned my M. D., I'll write this description On every prescription— Rx Defense Bonds—Must take ? 01 3!" Make our armie* the etrouj- e»t la the world! Save with moved slowly down the Mersey, dropping magnetic and acoustic mines. On the blackcd-out deck of the 6000-ton ship Lewis guns set up a chattering barrage. Svory fifth bullet was a tracer, creating a streaming cross- pattern of light. It didn't last long, this raid. No 200 Junkers like last spring, but it gave the convoys a headache. Maybe the Germans knew it would. When dawn broke we began slipping down toward the open sea, with mine sweepers ahead of our ship and others following, t'ome of our ships flew the red flag of the ammunition ships, whose crews get extra money for carrying nitroglycerine and laying mines. Others, like ours, merely had general cargo- above deck, two Glenn Martin bombers, below, a ton or two of TNT, dismantled Hurricane fighter planes, lubricating oil, copper wire, guns and food. SOS Heard From Freighter on Rocks The convoy accelerated speed when the Irish Sea was reached and then began the 30-day voyage to malaria- ridden West Africa. It is 3000 miles in peacetime but more than 4000 now by the deceptive, circuitous route we followed. A storm prevented the ships from swinging into line abreast the formation that first day. It chopped (he Irish Sea inlo fury by midnight First SOS that the convoy received was from a Belgian freighter, bound for the Belgian Congo, which the rocks liad claimed. By morning another ves- | sel was reported ashore. | But by the third day, the 43 lumb- I ering ships were finally moving ele- ' ven abreast across the ocean in a majestic zigzag. Patrol planes occasionally dropped low out of cloud banks. They were progressively Lockheed- Hudsons, Whitleys, then Sunderlands, then long-range Catalinas which kept a watchful eyo on the convoy as we I passed slowly through the danger zone I which is the shuttle route- of tht I German Focke-Wulf condors. I These big Luftwaffe babies swing | out on patrol each day from Bordeaux ' to a point about 200 miles west of .Ireland before turning inland to head for their base at Stavaganger, Norway. U-Bcats Informed About Sailings Aboard .ship, life settled into routine. Eut let's not kid ourselves, Germans do sink ships every day. Anyway that's what we talked about for awhile, the Eurasian Rodriques and This was his second attempt to reach the Red Sea at Massawa, where he's a junior engineer on Birtish harbor clearance. He was 18 days in a lifeboat, and during that time covered 1080 miles, ending up in Bra/rl. But Rodriques shows no effect of that ordeal, unle.ss it's a pensive quietness and respect fur German espionage, which, he says, informed the U-boats of the sailing time, the route and munition-carrying ships. One vessel went high into the air when a torpedo struck, and another vessel with cargo of sleel rails parted like a severed eggshell and disaijpeared in 30 seconds. At nightfall tension takes command. the Adelphi Hotel to the docks. They had been laughing and cheerful. Tliis Russian and his wife had said it was fine to be going home. You knew what they meant. At break fast we had washed down the porridge and fish with vodka which the Russian had mysteriously produced as a toast to the journey which lay ahead. And they had told me of their sons in the Red army and of their daughter Tatiana, who works in a gun factory just outside a city between Moscow and Kuibeshev. A Sudden l-'lafli on the Horizon When the latitudes of the Azores and Cape Verdes had been passed, the ship over at the head of that third column^ and a lone oil tank- or steamed from the huddled safety of the convoy toward the horizon and and Capetown. They didn't quite make it. You could see the sudden flash of an explosior. just this side of the horizon and then through glasses you : could watch the big ten-thousand ton- ! tiling slowly at the stern. A de- You trust its quality You'll welcome ice-cold Coca-Cola just as often and as surely as thirst comes. You taste its quality,—the quality of genuine goodness. Ice-cold Coca-Cola gives you the taste that charms and never cloys. You get the feel of complete refreshment, buoyant refreshment. Thirst asks nothing more. BOTTLED UNDER AUTHORITY OF THE COCA-COLA COMPANY BV H ° PP Ho E L5 : , OCA - COLA BOTTLING COMPANY PHONE 392 L. HOLLAMON 114 WEST 3rd. COVE/?/] *3«<!X ^^ 'SERVICES THE ASSOCIATED PRESS WIDE WORLD For nearly a century THE ASSOCIATED PRESS has served the American public. Today it provides this and 1400 member newspapers with the world's most complete news coverage. Providing distinctive coverage of news, photos, features is AP's great associate service, WIDE WORLD. Together—AP and WIDE WORLD—they help make this newspaper one of America's best.
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