World-Wide New* Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Press . Hope Star The Weather ARKANSAS - Fair Tuesday hight and Wednesday. VOLUME 41—NUMBER 44 jjtOPE^RKANSAS, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 5.193sT ARMY PRICE 5c COPY County Farmers to Ballot On the AAA Program Saturday 8 Community Meeting to Be Held This Week 17 VOTING" PLACES All Cotton Growers of 1939 Are Eligible to Vote K«nnei\s of Hcmpstead county have been studying the significance of I he referendum and of cotton quotas so that they will be more fully- qualified to express their opinion concerning the AAA program on Dec- timber 9th. Under the direction of community lenders, Oliver L. Aadms, county agent and B. E. McMahen, AAA Assistant have assi.slcd in conducting nino community meetings attended by 1,200 or more farmers and will assist with eight other meetings this week. Community meetings lo advise on Ihe farm program referendum and soil building pructiccsin the county this week will be at DeAnn on Tuesday morning at 8:30 o'clock and on Tuesday afternoon at 2:00 at Pine Grove and Beard's Chapel and on Wednesday morning ata 9:30 at Guernsey and Saratoga and Wednesday afternoon at2:00 at Fulton and Columbus. At 9:30 Thursday morning the final meeting will be held at the city hall ut Hope. Mr. Adams, county agent, announced Tuesday that the County AAA Committee had designated 17 polling places and commitlecmen to conduct the cotton marketing quota referendum jn Hempstcad county Saturday, All cotton growers who produced rotten in 1939 will bo cligibio to vclc in th referendum, which will re- determine whether the compulsory fca lure of the national cotton program will be in effect in 1940, Mr. Adams said. If two-thirds of the nation's cotton, planters vote for the market- iug quota, the compulsory feature in cflccl the last two years will be continued. Persons who shaved in Ihe proceeds of the 1930 crop, cither as owner, except the landlord of a standing of fixed rent tenant, tenant or share-cropper will be eligible to vote, Mi- Adams said. ^Eaeh vote must be cast personal. Growers are urged to express their opinion of the AAA program by voting: The County AAA committee is """£5*"' " r »• E arl King of Ozan, J. Mark Jackson of Bingen, and Riley Lewallcn of Shover Springs. Growers may vote at any one of the 17 following polling places, listed with the committees: H B W Vi 'r~K' ( T, Bo " ds ' K.B. Spears, H. W. Tmiberlake. Columbus-Dewey Mitchell, J 0 Johnson, J. S. Wilson, Jr Eardis (Near Nashvill C )_J OO Heed, ii. a. Hannah, Jim Ford Stuart McCaskill-C. A. Hamilton,' O L Heaves, J. L. Eley. Sweet Home— J. C. Huskev C-irl Brown, Will Campbell. *' L "" Boards Chapel-Odis Landers, Clyde Cummmgs, Andrew R. A very Saratoga-.!. W. Russell, Joe' Bland, D. R. Newman, N N ' Mm-tindale, Earl Norwood. . B. Laf forty. O. D. Mid- dlcbrooks, Clevc Mayton ' ,,,- ollier, Lester Purlle ' . Guernsey-Roy B . Franks, Early Melvcr, J. M. Powell. Hope-T. A Cornelius, E. M. Osborn, George Dodds. Springhill-Hugh Garner, R. A Johnson, John W. Martin crhof'T p an p H " 1 ' k u CSS ' A ' SdlWciz - unof, C. L. Rosenbaum. Oziin— S. J. Smith,. J. T Smcad Mr.s. Chlora Citty ' Washington-Ji m R. p,-i» c w v t rubier, Gip Martin. War Eliminates Ship VFirsf Class 7 , j - near-monopoly w (runs-Atlantic passenger travel is keepjng us ocean liners busy, but wartime passenger rates have practically eliminated the first- class traveler 1'ourist class fares, due largely lo increased war risk insurance rates, arc approximately t | lc sunie us fomitn . first-class fares. Consequently, those who usually (raveled first class now buy tourist passages and many who ordinarily would have gone tourist, are traveling third class. Because of the scarcity of first-class l-a.s.sen t 'ers the Italian liner "Saturina" 011 its last west-bound trip dispensed with Ihe top class entirely making Ihe ship available to tourist class. Less Ihan 4(10 years ago the earth was believed lo be the center of the universe. Wright Sisters Will Sing in Gurdon Dec. 14 One of the best programs in the state of Arkansas will be given December 14 when the Wi-ighl Sister's Quartet will be presented at the Gurdon High School Gym at 7:30 p. in.," sponsored by the Men's' Bible class of the M. E. Church. They arc one of the best quartets in the state and this will be the largest gathering Clark county has ever had. 35 Indicted for Building Compact Companies, Material Men and Unions Involved Alike DETROIT, Mich. — UP)— A special federal grand jury Tuesday indicted 35 individuals, eight manufacturing concerns, three contractors' associations, two AFL union locals, and jobbers, charging that monopoly had been croald in the tile trade in the Detroit area. Randolph Hamby Prescott Mayor Defeats Whittemore 313-240 in City Primary Vote PRESCOTT, Ark. — Randolph P. Hnmby. incumbent, defeated James Whittemore for mayor, 313 lo 240 in the city primary Monday. Mr. Hamby has served 14 terms. Other nominees Curtis Ward, marshal; James Yancey, recorder; Wren Scott, treasurer, all incumbents without opposition. Dan Pittman . and Horace Dclaoar, First ward'aldermen, defeated Lee Montgomery and Edwell Gan-ctt; Wali-ou While and Ralph Ilwrclcy, incumbents, unopposed in Second ward; Emond Logan and J. D. Cornish defeated E. M. Sharp in the Third ward and Homer Ward and J. M. Stripling were nominated without opposition in the Fourth ward. There were 553 votes cast, the largest in history -in a city primary here. Kuhn Is Sentenced 2'/2Jo5Years Convicted Larceny of German-American Bund Funds NEW YORK -(/P)— Fritz Khun, German-American Bund leader, was sentenced Tuesday to a prison term oC from two and a half to five years. He was convicted last week of grand larceny of Bund fluids. A Thought Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.—Matthew 24:35. Christmas Carols Through the Age* GOOD NEWS FROM . HEAVEN "Good news from Heaven the angels bring, Glad tidings to the earth they sing: To us this d;iy a child is given, To crosyn us with the joy of heaven ..." Martin Luther wrote this beloved German carol on Christmas Eve, 1534, for his little son. Three centuries later it was harmonized by Bach as a part of his "Christmas Oratorio." 16 Shopping Days Till Christmas Finn Planes Raid Russian Base in Quick Retaliation They Bombard Paldi- ski, Where Soviet Attack Started ASK SWTDISH AID Fortify Island on Waterway Approach From Sweden HELSINKI, Fiiland —<fl>)— Finland was reported Tuesday to have struck back at Soviet Russia by an air bombardment of Palcliski, Baltic port which Russia leased from Estonia for a naval has. Reports lacked confirmation, bow- ever, line) gave no details. The Finns declared Palcliski was Ihe base for some of tho Soviet planes which raided Helsinki List week. The Finnish hope that aid might be forlhcoming from Sweden was indicated by quick fortification of Aaland island, which keeps open the sea route betwen the two nations. MOBILIZ 'Rescue at Sea'—With U. S. Navy Blimp fArmy Is Increased n r—rn TiiiiMiiiiii—i—Tnii-H i ii ii i i .-.-U-..-!-._-—----_ . CO I L\t 111 HI 21 ^1 r^fli of Russia Grows Kussians Itaicl A^ain KIRKENES -(/P>— Three Soviet Russian bombers raided Salnujaervi and nearby area. Tuesday in a renewal of aerial operations in tile war on Finland. The bombers could be sent from Dir- kcncs. and the detonations reverberated across the _ border .but it was not learned immediately what damage and casualties resulted. At the same time, reports of continued Russian landings in the Pct- samo region were received. Unconfirmed reports here said GO Russian planes were destroyed by Finnish fliers dropping incendiary bombs on the Soviet airport at Murr mansk. U.S, Budget Tough One to Cut Down Congress Votes on It Piecemeal, and Various Items Difficult By PRESTON GROVER WASHINGTON - Out of a contemplated national budget of nine billion dollars 'count 'cm), it seems as if congress ought to be able to chisel off a couple of billion at least. But when you begin looking at the budget—item by item—you can't escape !)?e conclusion (hat (here wiij not bo much trimming. v Tho congressional heart is probablv as hard a.s any other heart — in the mass. But the congressional heart is never confronted by the budget in the mass. It is confronted by it peace meal. And the congressional heart, section by section, melts. The long odds arc that, in the coming .session of congress, the mass heart will melt again, piecemeal, and there will be no cutting down of appropriations. Congress can always make a .show and demonstrate that it cut the budget—but that claim is always a publicity cheat. The budget is what the various departments ask for. A.s a matter of well-established practice they always ask more than they expect to get, although! they will defend every dollar as essential to the continued national existence. Congress Ruiscs V. D. R. The President gels first chance at Ten miles out over the Atlantic Ocean, blimps from the Lakehurst, N. P., Naval Station eave a double dc ;~rat,o,, of effectiveness in rescue work at sea. Above: Technique of 'rescuing , aV^^fou^dcri? £ sea" Jhc J- drops overside a; ,,cjv sea anchor consisting of a bag capable of holding 1000 pounds of water Tliis sus- e ' II OPC a ^ Cr ,:., SinkS betow SUrfaCC ' h ° Wred fr . om vessel to '•"«*• Anchored blimp bowers rubber ^ """* "— '">'- "'»»» -rbo.^" He climbs .adder Football Team to Be Entertained Quail and Squirrel to Be Served by Leo Robins Th Hope High School football team, Coaches Hammons and Brasher and a few Invited guests, will be entertained Tuesday night by Leo Robins at his cabin at Hope Country club. Quail and squirrel mulligan will be served to approximately 35 members of tho football squad, and to coaches and invited guests. Mr. Robins said that members of tho squad would compete for a few inexpensive gifts to be awarded. Aldermen Change Vote, Escape Jail Decide to Approve Tax After Contempt of Court Case LITTLE ROCK - A chastened city council, 12 of whose members had been convicted of contempt of court, assembled at the city hall Monday afternoon and in record time passed an ordinance levying an assessment in Subway and Street Improvement District. No. 405. Eleven of the 12 were released from the county jail, where they had been sentenced to serve 10 days, so they could attend the meeting at 3 p m. The 12lh, Mrs. C. C. Conner, only woman member of the council, was fined ?50. Sobered by I wo severe reprimands master at doing it the skillful way. More than one congressman will tell you that the President docs his heavy trimming in items which he expects Congress will put back. The idea is that it leaves him a margin so hoj may be lenient with those portions of the budget for which he has shown special favor in recent years—notably the Navy and Army. As an example, he trimmed a slugi off farm benefits a couple of years i ago and suggested that Congress could i put it back only if it was willing to raise the extra money by taxation. The congressmen didn't rai.se the money but did put buck Ihe apprtipri.it-, ion—and the President has been punishing them verbally ever since. Take individual appropriations, then the point is clearer. For the old-time' services of the Department of Agriculture, such as extension work, inspection, experiment slalioii.s. and Ihe! like, about $391,000.11011 is needed. But the Department en Agriculture ap-l prooriation last year was $1,289.000.- j 000. Where did if' all go to, and why can't some be cut off? ( Weil, ?654,560,000-~two-(liirds of a' billion—went out as soil conservation and benefit or parity payments to col ton growers, tobacco growers, corn and wheat growers, and farmers j in general. In an election year doj yon expect MM-ivr.sk'ni senators antli house members, or (hose from the cot-1 (.Continued on Page Six) eond Division Circuit Court for their ••disrespect of the )aw and the courts." Ihe iS aldermen voted unanimously to pass the. ordinance which they had defeated last week, 12 to 4. There was no discussion. The ordinance was read three limes by title and passed within two minutes. In imposing the maximum jail scn- leiu'i- and fine at the morning hearing. Judge Aulen said he was "shocked ' at Ihe council's action in flouting the mandamus order. He reminded the council members that they were officers of (he peopl, who had taken tin oath of office that they would uphold Die- law of Ihe land, yet he said they bail shown a disregard for the law and Ihe court. "You can't expect people to obey laws that you'make if you disobey laws of Ihe state and orders of the courts upon which you rely to enforce your laws." Judge Auten said. "It would appear that you are trying to MM yuuisi'lf up as a court higher than I his court or any other court and if you don't like what the court orders, you disregard il." Tough Break ASHLAND. Ky. — (/Pi — Observing his U5ih birthday. Zion Timothy Turner, former Alabama negro slave, said he still felt President Lincoln "hi'iuhcapped" him by giving him his freedom. Six State Parks Are Recommended Camden, Texarkana and El Dorado Are Awarded Areas LITTLE ROCK -(/P)— The Slate Parks Commission approved Tuesday the proposed establishment of six additional parks in Arkansas. The proposed program previously had been approved by the regional office of the National Park Service. The new parks would be near Searcy Camdn, Texarkana and El Dorado. Home Clubs Will Meet atMt. Nebo All-Day Program Is Announced for County Clubs Tho County Council of Home Demonstration clubs will meet with the Mt. Nebo home demonstration club as hostess on Wednesday, December 6th. at 9:00 a. m. and tho program at 10:00 a. m. All home demonstration club members are urged to be present. The program is as follows: Mt. Nebo Community .Hostess. Registration 9 a. m Installation service for council officers 10:00 a.m. Meeting called to order by New council president Mrs. Erie Turner of Mt. Nebo at i 10:30 a. m. Invocation, Mrs. John Wallace of Patmos club 10:25 a. m. Welcome Song, Mt Nebo club, Patmos club, Hinton club 10:30 a.m. Welcome, Mt. Nebo dub > 10:40 a. m. Response U:00 a. m. Business H:05 a , m . Roll call, minutes, reports, awards. and new plans by Miss Fletcher, home demonstration agent. I Group singing n.-.'iO a. m. j Educational suggestions on the AAA: program by Mr. H. H. Huskey. mem- j ber of the state board of the agricultural adjustment Administration U:40 a. in. Lunch 12:15 a. m. Xmas ideas, demonstration by Mary Claud Fletcher, home demonstration agent .... 1:15 p. m. Xmas program, poems, songs, reading and skit by Mt. Nebo club . . 2:00 p.m. Xmas 2:30 p. m. Group Singing v : 45 p. m. Adjourn 4;j)|) p.m. 'Technicians' Day' ROME—(AV-Premier Benilo Mussolini has approved establishment of courses of technical studies in Italian schools, designed to produce a re- servo supply of tcchrfieians for Italian industry, business and commerce. The "day of the technicians" will bo i observed May 30, 1940. Lieut. Carl Schooley in Army's Maneuvers OMAHA, Neb. — Little Rock, Ark. is the scene of an unexpected home- L-oifriug for 12 junior officers assigned to the 6th and 17th Infantry regiments now stationed at CampJoseph T. Robinson, Arkansas, for winter maneuvers. These officers arc all second lieutenants, and with but one exception are reserve officers assigned to regular army troops for training under the provisions of the Thomason Act. This exception is Lieutenant Carl T. Schooley, of Hope, Ark. who entered the Army a few months ago via the Thomason Act route. For the most part they are undergrads of Arkansas Colleges or the University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. Lieutenant Schooley, son of Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Schooley of Hope, was graduated from Ouchita College in 1938 with highest honors, and assigned to the 6th Infantry. Standard Oil Co. Begins Campaign Esso Organization Is Given 1939 National Award Standard Oil Company of Louisiana, one of the leaders in the oil industry, has included Hope Star uniony 032 newspapers throughout the nation in one of the biggest ncws- liiil.'i-r advertising campaigns the company has launched in recent years. Kssci Laboratories Organization, operated by Standard Oil Company of Louisiana, has just been given the '1939 national award for chemical engineering achievement. This is the first time the award has been given for Esso's many advances in developing super-fuels. • CRANIUAi CRACKERS 1 -. __ i\K'ii of the Past A1J i la- nioi mentioned below are dead; but during their lifetimes they distinguished themselves so that posterity remembers them. Pii-k out the field of activity in which each of the famous men below was chiefly interested: 1. Gui.seppe Garibaldi: (a) inventor, tbi engineer, (c) soldier, UD astronomer. 2. Denis Diderot: (y'l encyclope- dist, (hi ruler, ic> mathematician, (d) Icvicographer. 3. Hans Holbein: (a) author, (b) historian. U-i diplomat, Id) painter. 4. Peter I. Tschaikovsky: UO prime minister, (b.) composer, tc) aviation pioneer, id) writer. :">. Arthur Schopenhauer: (a) dramatist, (b) soldier, (c) philosopher, (cl) economist. .Answers on I'age Two Tlie niciyic lily, Lycorsi Squamig'ora, «rows foliage in the spring, then disappears. A month later, long flower stalks burst through the soil and grow to a height of several feet. Nazi Battleship Sinks Britisher Admjrql at Sea, Destroys Steamer ig LONDON, Eng. — (/P)— The torpedoing of the London steamer Horsted, 1,670 tons, was reported Tuesday after 13 survivors and the bodies of three crewmen had been landed. Five of the crew were reported missing al•ter the sinking in the North sea. Battleship oil Loose LONDON — (/P)— Another British vessel, the 10,086-ton steamer Doric Star, was marked up Monday night as the victim of a German sea raider, the 10,000-ton pocket battleship, Admiral Scheer. The Admiralty's announcement said the Doric Star presumably went to the bottom after being "attacked by a German raider" jn the South Atlantic. This was the first report of the German raider since November 16 when some survivors of the British tanker, Africa Shell, sunk in the Indian ocean off the cast coast of Africa, identified the enemy ship as the Admiral Scheer, Homeward bound with a cargo of meat from New Zealand and Australia under command of Capt. W. Stubb of Liverpool, the Blue Star liner Doric Star had a crew of 70 and accommodations for six passengers. No reports on the fate of the Doric Star's crew were available here. Cox Drugstore Now 1 of HW Modern Store Redecorated, New Equipment Also Is Installed The John P. Cox Drug Company has just completed a modcrization' program in their store. The interior has been completely redecorated in the newest type. The walls are modcrnistically tinted in three postel shades seperated by chronium strips. The prescription department has been completely redecorated in a soft shade of green carrying out the green used in other fixtures in the store. Cox's lias also installed a new forty-foot combination display fixture and soda booth is the same type used by the Walgreen Drug Company in all their city stores. It completely departmentizes the soda fountain and gives the customers the privacy and convenience of booths which enables ihem to serve fifty- six persons at one time. On the drug side it gives them an additional forty feet of display shelving and Ihirty-two foot of open display counters. Mr. Cox says that this will greatly help in serving the customer more efficiently and promptly at the peak rush periods. This now makes Cox's one of the most modern drug stores in the state. Mr. Cox invites his' many friends and patrons to come in and see the improvements. Britain Denies Hand in Finn Appeal to the .League A PEACEJSESTURE Scandinavia Moves to Settle Finn-Soviet Dispute STOCKHOLM, Sweden —<#•)— Sweden, in increasing alarm at the extent of the Soviet Russia incursion into Finland, called more troops to the colors Tuesday and for the first time acknowledged "partial mobilization." About 40,000 men, including artillerymen, engineers and commissary detachments, were ordered into ser- "* vice bringing to about 150,000 the number under arms—as against a )> normal standing force of 20,000. Finland Acted Alone LONDON, Eng. — (fl 5 )— Finland's action in requesting the League of Nations to meet to consider the Russian invasion was taken on her own initiative, Prime Minister Chamberlain tpld the House of Commons Tues-J day. He added that Foreign Undersecretary R. A. Butler would make a statement at the league meeting on behalf of the British government Peace Move OSLO, Norway — (£>)— The Norwegian foreign minister, Halvdan Koht Tuesday invited the foreign ministers • of Sweden and Denmark to a con- frence to seek a means of bringing about peace between Soviet Russia and Finland. . He,,asked : Kichari Sandier, 4>f Sweden, and Peter Munch, of Denmark, to meet with him. here Thursday. The Danish foreign, minister accepted immediately, and Sandler's acceptance also was reported. Italy Anti-Soviet ROME, Italy -PW- Carabinieri and other troops blocked Tuesday a new attempt by student groups to stage an anti-Russian demonstration In front of the Soviet embassy. Hundreds of students marched through rain-drenched streets crying "Finland, resist!" The Western View WASHINGTON-W)-Simmer Wd. les, acting secretary of state, announced Tuesday that the United States government .had notified certain Latin-American nations that it would be very glad to participate in a joint Pan-American condemnation of Russia's invasion of Finland. Certain Latin-American nations, which he did not name, approached this government in support, Welles said, of the principles of international law, with reprobation of force as a means of settling international difficulties. This governmnt, Welles said, has replied if all the other American republics undertake for formulate such a declaration the United States will be very glad to take part. Statue Beckoned Finns to Freedom Back in 1900 Finland Was Oppressed Province of Russia AP Feature Service The Finland invaded by Communist Russia was, at the turn of the century, an autononomous state with in the Czarist Russian Empire. All moves mudc by the Finns to gain freedom were crushed by the Czar's police. Whciu however, the Finns erected a striking piece of statuary on Observatory Hill, overlooking Helsinki, the police thought nothing of it. Sculptured by the Finn, Robert Sti- gell, the work was called 'Shipwreck". It depicted a family stranded on a raft with the father making an agonizing appeal for aid. What the Czar's police didn't know —according to Finns now in America —is that ihe statuary was Finland's subtle way of stating that ii was in distress, and wanted to be rescued Significantly, the statuary faced the West. The work appeared in 1898; Finland gamed its freedom in 1917. With ilia huge Red army menacing that freedom, this figure still stands. Cott on NEW YORK ~(/J'i- December cotton opened Tuesday at 1012 and closed at 11U4. Middling spot 10.35.
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