Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on November 28, 1939 · Page 7
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 7

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Hope, Arkansas
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Tuesday, November 28, 1939
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Page 7
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Courthouse Edition Hope '^VOLUME 41—NUMBER 39 Star Section B y u^umE. «I-MUM«KK 3» HOPE. ARKANSAS. TUESDAY, NOVEMBER28, 1939 PRICE 5c copY Hempstead Courthouse Made Possible by Federal PWA Grant • B n ._.«.^._ £* C*-J 1-1 • tttrhft'lnnl A*.t«jil.n» .~M /^1 J J I W* •! « - " -— " • —• • -cs - Donation of Site Started Drive to Move County-Seat Removal Climaxed 61- Year Duel Between . Washington, Hope .RAILROAD ARRIVES 'Four Unsuccessful Elections Held Before That 5 in 1!»38 Laying of the cornerstdm; (if Heni|i- stcail county's new $200,000 courlhousu ,mcl jnil in Hope Wednesday ir, the '• climax of a 61-year-old county-seat battle that started before the echo had died from tlie first locomotive whistle in southwest Arkansas. The old Cairo & Fulton (later the Iron Mountain, and today the Missouri Pacific) brought railroad service here in 1873. It was a dramatic moment. The -seat of law and the center of population and commerce wan the tow» i>l W;i.s)iing- lon. nine miles north—named for the first president of the United States, county-seat of one of the five original counties, and one of the oldest settlements in the Southwest. Itjiilniad in IS7I! When the railroad came liu-ough in 1TO the site of Hope was open prairie. A town sprang up.' In 187. r > it was incorporated—and within three years, Historical Articles on Masonry on This Page The Grand Lodge of Arkansas having churgc of the corner-stone laying ceremony; for the Hcmpsleud county courthouse here Wednesday, November 29, a number of articles on county und city Masonry appear on this page. The '.Star is indebted to Mrs. Cluir- lean Moss Willimns, noted Washington historian, for the stories of the Mount Horcl) lodge nt Washington,, and of Albert Pike; and to the lute C. A. Bridewell nnd (o Hurry W. Shiver for past nnd present history of Hope's Wliitfiekl lodge. Tavern Once Home for Albert Pike Famed Mason Wrote "Morals and Dogma" in Washington House IJy CHAHIJ3AN MOSS WILLIAMS Situated in the hills among the pines of .southwest Arkansas, is the ancient little city of Washington, so christened in honor of the Father of our Country and Freedom, by a Virginia clergyman. It ft the first town established in Ar- k.'in«i.s; it is (lie cradle of Arkansas Contract to Build Courthouse Drew Army of Bidders B. W. Edwards Successful Bidder on General Contract, $137,370 TOTAL 5 CONTRACTS First Job, Sinking of Pilings, Let December ' 14, 1938 Const ruction history of Hompstend county's new $200,000 courthouse and jail, a federal Public Works Administration (PWA) project on the old Garland school house site in the southwestern yc-clion of Hope was started with the, awarding of the first of five separate contracts. The fir^v of these five contracts was let. Dei-ember 14, 1!)38, to J. C. Nea! of Hermitaae. Ark. He obtained (he con- .tracl. for the job of driving piling for the foundation at a price of $9.787.50. Mr. JVeal gave u 100 per cent performance bond, the contract requiring the work (o be completed in BO days, ..„,, •, , ii i 117 i - , r .• Among tlie many landmarks rcmain- 1878, it challenged Washington for tnu . , . . . . • ,,' . , . , , ,, , nig here to give evidence of the ravages rmnt to be counlv-scal of HtMrms O.-IM. i * . . . _ right to be county-scat of Hemp.slead. i But Washington, incorporated hall a century before, and enlrence.il in the tradition of the original Hcmpstead County that wiis caivcil out of tlie slate of Missouri in 1818—before the birth of Arkansas as a .state government—defeated the upstart railroad town. Sixty-one years and five elections were required to settle the issue. The voters of Hempstead went (o the; polls ' on the county-seat question in 1878, in 1882, and again in 1'JIO and 1914—Hope losing each time. The fifth and successful campaign to move tlie county-seat from Washington to Hope began April 25, HI38, when it, wns announced that tlie City of Hope, having purchased the old Garland High School property from the Hope Special School District, had offered this to the Hcmpstead county (Continued 011 Page Two) with a penalty of $50 a day for over- Willi a stream of emigration pour- ni "'"K (l 'c period. ing into the community from the ' Bad weather and the delay of re- North, East and South, composed oficeiving materials was the problem the highest type of citixenry. Wash- | Mr. Nual ran up against before com- ington soon became an intellectual j plcting the contract. He was given an center known as "The Athens of the j c.xtcntion of time to complete the job South." i without penally, by the courthouse Among the many landmarks remain- j commissioners comprising three bank" ' ' ~'- ' ' ' " ers. R. M. LaGrone, Sr.. Lloyd Spencer, both of Hope, and H. M. Stephens of Blcvins. Before- the first contract was let for construction, PWA Resident Engineer, Miles S. Proctor, pointed out that under the Public Works Administration Recovery Act. which made funds available- for constructioh of the courthouse nnd pail, all'work must be clone by private contractors who'win their contract upon open competitive bidding. Effectiveness of the Public Works Administration" as a recovery measure was shown by the fact that live contractors bid on the contract. J. C. Ncal of Hermitage, Ark., submitted the lowest bid on the plans and specifications written by McAninch & Anderson, architects of Little Rock, and received the bid for driving pilings at a cost of 59,787.50. One day later; December 15, 1938, at of time and the elements, is the old Washington Tavern; the house where Albert Pike wrote Morals and Dogma, mention of which F. W. Allsopp makes •in his Albert Pike's Biography as follows: A^liorl distance from Washington. Hcmpstead County, Arkansas, there is pointed out to the visitor an old-fashioned frame building of well-known' Southern type— with a big veranda in front and a wide hall running through the center of it. ''That is where'Albert Piko lived for a while at the close, of the war," you will be told; "lie transferred his library from Little Hock to that house, and it took two ox wagons to bring the books there." The big stacks of books made a lasting impression on the people of that little neighborhood, (Continued on Page Two) (Continued on Page Five) Rear View of the'Courthouse, Taken From West, Discloses Full Five-Story Height Masonic History Of Hope Is told Whitfield Lodge Charter Granted on November .22,1870 History of Masonic Lodge 1870-191C By C. A. BRIDEWELL Past Grand Master (Chapter 17—History of Hope) Whitfield Lodge No. 239, Free and Accepted Masons was named in honor of Past Grand Master E. H. Whitfield, (Continued on Page Five) From the front the new Hempstead county" courthouse might seem to be only four stories high, for the recessed "jailhouse" floor on top, isn't visible—but this picture of the back wall shows all five floors. The row of windows adjoining the ground are the floor on which the county agents and similar bureaus are housed ; the second floor holds the constitutional county offices ; the next two rows of windows belong to the two- story court chamber; and the top row are the iailwin- dows. « The courthouse faces east, with the fifth (or jail) floor recessed on the front side, and flush on tfte back side. The building is on the east half of the double-block property formerly occupied by Hope High School—and the west half of the real estate is clear for any lesser structures that might be proposed in future years. But the building is set far back in the east half, giving a spacious lawn in front of it. —I-fope tsiar p'noto History Mt. Horeb Lodge of Masons Washington Unit One of First [Four Lodges in Arkansas (Continued on Page Two) County Taxpayers Stand But$110,000 of $200,000 Total Outright Grant of $90,000 Made by U. S. Recovery Agency HAD CLOSE ESCAPE Constitutional Bar Against Special Election Threat- ,< ened Aid' Construction o£ Hempstead county's 5200,000 courthouse and jail was made possible by the federal Public Works Administration (PWA) with a grant of 590,000, and a guarantee to handle the bonds for the county's $110,000 balance if private bidders failed to offer par. , - > . The county's $110,000 debt, however, sold to private bidders well above' par. ., Hempstead county had gone into the courthouse matter because under the federal government's- national-re- ' covery program the PWA was making '• an outright gift of nearly half the cost, 45 per cent, on approved public projects. It had been represented in this light 'when the people went to vote June 11 • on the question of moving the courthouse from Washington to Hope, with the obvious necessity of constructing a new building in the new county-seat. • Ilnd Narrow Escape But Hempstead and certain other counties also handling PWA projects ' narrowly escaped "missing the boat." For'the PWA, tired of contractual delays which slowed up the spending of appropriations, suddenly ruled late in the summer of 1938 that all' pending projects must be placed under contract before October 1, 1938, to receive consideration from current funds. At that time Hempstead had voted to move the county-seat to Hope, but had not yet voted to build a new court- 1 1 By CHARLEAN MOSS WILLIAMS Free Masonry was introduced into Hempstead county in 1838 when the Grand. Lodge of Alabama granted a dispensation for a lodge at Washington. There were then four lodges in the -•.n^ ow .tun, wuiui, xexae, me mam state, namely: Washington Lodge, of PWA office in Washington, D. C., and house. And under the Arkansas state constitution it was foVbidden to call a special election when the general election was nearly at hand. The gen-' eral election was not scheduled un,til November 8—more than a month after the PWA deadline was to expire. Hempstead county's case was urgently placed before tlie PWA regional office at Fort Worth, Texas, the main (Continued on Page Two) Congratulations to HOPE AND HEMPSTEAD COUNTY The Best City and County in Arkansas From Southwest Arkansas' Center of Amusements SAENGER AND RIALTO THEATERS 'Motion Pictures are Your Best Entertainment' -•- Wednesday—December 6 SANDY THE GREAT HUGH HERBERT FLORENCE RICE RICHARD CARLSON "LITTLE ACCIDENT" PIIM K/I^-VH, m . Wednesday—December 18 SUN. —MON.—TUES. JE 1 ™ FL ' U " WS 'JAMES MC-CALLION Dec. 10-11-12 Sun.—Mon,—Tucs. Dec. 3-4-5 BETTE EURO L DAVIS FLYNN The Private Lives of GUZflBGTH SSSEX' Thursday—Friday—December 7-8 LOUIS HAYWARD JOAN WARREN WILLIAM JOSEPH SCHILDKHAUT ALAN HALE "MAN IN THE IRON MASK" Saturday—December 9—Double Feature BILLY 1IALLOP UUNTZ HALL MARY CARLISLE LARRY CRABBE "CALL A MESSENGER" "MYSTERY RANGE" OUR CHRISTMAS SPECIAL! DONALD CRISP • ALAN HALE • VlNCKNr PRICE • HENRY »TU'HrNS(',\ Sunday-Monday-Tuesday—Dec. 24-25-26 MICKEY RODNEY JUDY GARLAND "BABES IN ARMS" NOTE: — We will run continuous Christmas Day Box office opens at 1:15 HILARIOUS HBT that tells on women! Iheyear'omi OB! cast stor wo Mary BOUND • Paulette GODDARD Phyllis POVAII . Joan FONTAINl Virginia WEIDLER • Lucile WATSON From the Play by CURE BOOTHE ^^t. i ii 4; wuuw^ J^iVin.o 1UC>— AL.J-.IUW "PRIDE OF THE BLUEGRASS" Thursday—Friday—December M-15 JACHA HEIFETZ ANDREA LEADS JOEL MeCREA GENE RALMOND "THEY SHALL HAVE MUSIC" Sal unlay—December 16 Double Feature "WITNESS VANISHES" "Outpost Of The Mounties" Colu-ecl Mid-Nile Show "LYING LIPS" Kunda.v—Mnnila.v—Tne.sdiiv—December 17-IS-19 "WE'RE NOT ALONE" Wednesday—Uecembei ^0 "THE UNDERPUP" Tlmr.sdH.v—Frida.v—December -'--"Marx Brothers At The Circus" Saturday—December 21! "JEEPERS CREEPERS Sunday—Monday—Tuesday—December 2-1-25-26 "BABES IN ARMS Wednesday—December 27 "ON YOUR TOES" Thursday—Friday—December 2S-2!) "THE REAL GLORY" Saluiil;iv—December 'M "ONE HOUIl TO LIVECOMING: Gulliver's Travels," "Another Thin Man," "Gone With the Wind," "Blue Bird," "Swanee River," "Abe Lincoln in Illinois. Sunday—Monday—December ;i-l SONJA HEINE TYRONNE POWER RUDY VALLEE "SECOND FIDDLE" Tuesday—Wednesday—Thursday—December 5-ti-7 "DAUGHTERS COURAGEOUS" "SERGEANT MADDEN" Krida.v— Saturday— December S-!> "FRONTIER MARSHALL" "INDIANAPOLIS SPEEDWAY" Sunday—Monday-- December 10-11 "BEAU GESTE" Tuesday—Wednesday—Thursday—December 12-13-11 "TELL NO TALES" Friday—Saturday—December la-lK "FIGHTING RENEGADE" Sunday—Monday—December 17-18 "EACH DAWN I DIE" Tuesday—Wednesday—Thursday—December lil-''0 ''1 "DAY THE BOAKIES WEPT" I'riday—Saturday— -December li^-'^'j "OLD MONTEREY" Sunday—Menday—December 24-25 "LEGION OF LOST FLYERS" Tuesday—IVednesda.v—Tli i< i\sday— December *6-''7- '28 "SUBMARINE D-l

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