The Indianapolis Star from Indianapolis, Indiana on March 31, 1935 · Page 9
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The Indianapolis Star from Indianapolis, Indiana · Page 9

Indianapolis, Indiana
Issue Date:
Sunday, March 31, 1935
Page 9
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0 THE IXDIAXAPOLIS SUXD AY STATt, MAHCII 31, KM. GERMAN AMY TO SEIZE UNO Prepares for Maneuvers, Garrisons and Fortifications on Frontiers. ; BERLIN, March 30. - UF) - Germany' military regeneration gained momentum today as the Cabinet era-powered the army to obtain land for maneuvers, garrison- and other military purposes. The Cabinet's decree would enable the relchswehr to condemn land for fortifications on the frontiers. A government spokesman said: "The purpose of the decree is not for fortifications but. for garrisons, drill and target practice grounds." Drill and maneuver grounds used by the army before the war were taken, away from the reichswehr after 1919. Thus Tempelhoff, formerly Berlin's big exercise field, is now the nation's principal airport. " Hitter Pushes Program. To Berlin observers, Adolf Hitler's latest move Indicates he intends to push ahead his military program, launched amid International reverberations two weeks ago when he ordered renewal of military conscription, without awaiting the outcome of Italo-Anglo-French deliberations at Stresa. Ita v. April 11. Under the terms of the decree, any land in Germany which the reichs wehr needs can be expropriated. Farmers thus losing land will be resettled elsewhere, under plans worked out by the special "office for land allotment" which will be in ' charge of an official directly respon- . slble to Der Fuehrer. The omce will pass on requests of other government departments for seizing land, and will fix the amount of monetary indemnity in all seizures It approves, The newspaper Berliner Tageblatt says extended lands are now needed for military purposes, street con struction in forests and settlements along the fringes of big cities, FRANCE STRENGTHENS BONDS Southern European Nations Discuss Proposed Security Pact. . PARIS, March SO.liPi-France moved today to strengthen bonds with her southern European allies even as crack reserve troops started three months of maneuvers on the eastern frontier. , The war training period, It was learned, was moved up to start ear lier than last year, partly because or the tense European situation created by German rearmament. A luncheon Pierre Laval, French foreign minister, gave today in honor of Nicholas Titulescu, Roumanian foreign minister who brought to France the Little Entente s consen sus on the German situation, was at tended by the diplomatic representa tives In Paris of Turkey, Greece, Yugoslavia, Roumania and Czecho slovakia. Those southern European nations form the Little Entente and the Balkan entente, two solid , diplomatic units counted in the French camp. The diplomats, it was learned, discussed thus far unavailing efforts to complete the proposed eastern European security pact, at which Adolf Hitler has balked, and it was understood Lava and Tituescu would continue conversations to strengthen cooperation among states opposing extension of German influence in the Balkans. BIG ARMIES KEEP NEW BOUNDARIES. E AUSTRIAN PLEBISCITE Nazis Fleeing Vienna to ! Join German Army Expect Proposal. VIENNA, March 30. -UP) -Austrian Nazis crossing into Jugoslavia with the avowed intention of joining the German army told officials there today Berlin would soon present to the world a demand that Austria be permitted to decide the question of union with Germany by a plebiscite. Newspapers here have charged Germany is recruiting in this country for its enlarged army. The latest group of Nazi refugees reached Marl-bor, Jugoslavia, intonding to make their way from there into Germany,, r . More Raids on Communists. A sharp upturn in raids on Communists indicated increased red activity, following the open conflict between the government's two largest private armies, the Heimwehr (home guard) and the Catholic storm troops. Many Communists were arrested here and at Innsbruck. Police who seized a large Communist print shop were amazed to find the same presses were turning out both Communist and Nazi "Red Eagle" propaganda. This led some to believe there has been a consolidation of opposition to the government. . Already apprehensive over Germany's military preparations, the government was worried at home by the menacing rift between the Heimwehr and the storm troops. Helnmwehr In Aggressive Mood. The Fascist Heimwehr, led by Prince Ernst von Starhembcrg, vice chancellor, is in an aggressive mood, demanding that it receive more public favors and protesting with a louder voice against clerical domination in the government. Fear was held in some quarters that the Heimwehr rank and file might get out of the hands of their leaders. Mass meetings of the sub-chiefs at Llnz demanded action probably more radical than that desired by the national leaders. They insisted that Starhembcrg ordered them to "Btrike," leading to apprehension headstrong groups, tired of delay, may take provocative action without orders. ttoosier Taket 7 of 8 National Road Prizes ; OMAHA, Neb., March 30,-(U.P.) -The Hill Floral Products Company Of Richmond, Ind., tonight made a virtual clean sweep In the rose con test of the national flower show here. The Richmond entry won Seven of the eight prizes in this division, A new seedling yellow rose, Justine, exhibited for the first time, won the gold medal for the Hill Company which also won a first In the red rose division with Its Better Times. A yellow petal, Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, won another, blue ribbon ih 12111. - ' MEN UNDER ARMS IN 1920 V"iT GERMANY r S. FRANCE f'S f I n ,a,.,,ttVs tB The World War remade the map of Europe cause of trouble ever since. Germany rearms, ders the outcome. Is rearmament a preparatory from Germany and her allies In the war? Will g Note the new, division of territory- (he new cou division save rise to numerous trouble spots-splitting Germany and led to countless confere paid close attention to its army. The figures h except Poland's, which Is for 1921. The United and that new map, shown here, has been the despite the Versailles treaty, and the world pon-step to demanding a return of territory taken tins again reverberate throughout the continent? n tries carved out, the smaller Oernuiny. This the Saar, for Instance, and the "Polish corridor" nces and new alliances, the while each nation ow the armed forces, excluding reserves, in lOliO, States forces in 1020 numbered 280,000. 3 DEATHS CLEARED; LIFER IS INNOCENT (Awioclated Prm Photo.) ! ' at L J LEONARD HANKINS. Barker Karpis Gangster Lays Triple Murder to Mob in Bank Raid. POLICE NOW PLAYING ON FARB DICE TABLE Concluded From Page One. Morrissey, which derailed the condition of a broken craps table. There's not much room for Junk around police headquarters as storage space is limited and, since Chief Morrissey was thinking about having a modern writing stand put in the roll call room, he had the police carpenter build one. Parts salvaged from the craps table and lumber from old writing shelves that lined the walls of the roll call room provided sufficient material, the chief said. Questioned further on the matter of breakage, Chief Morrissey said that "it runs high sometimes" on confiscated articles being taken to headquarters. In the meantime, the vice squad under command of Lieut. Thomas McCormick reported that the twenty-one horse race "bookies" still are out of business. Poker Games Flourish. Poker games and baseball pool gambling, however, is beginning to flourish again and as a -result two additional vice squads were appoint ed yesterday. The vice squads, re sponsible to Lieut. McCormick, will be In service from 10 o'clock in the morning until 2 o'clock the following morning. They will be headed by Scrgt. .Charles Weddle during the day and Seret. Carl Ashley at nisrht. At the same time two additional homicide squads responsible to Lieut. Roy Pope were appointed. Lieut. McCormick and squad ar rested three persons in the vice env sade yesterday. Sea Ferguson, Negro, owner of the Cotton Club at 244 West Vermont street, was arrest ed on a charge of operating a lottery scheme and gift enterprise in con nection with an alleged lottery based on bank clearing reports. The war rant was signed by William Harwell, Negro, 839 Indiana avenue, who was arrested last week in possession of lottery tickets. Harwell also signed a warrant for Thomas Wlllard, Negro, 322 North Senate avenue, an alleged salesman of baseball pool tickets. Merkle Cramer, 44 years old, oper ator of a poolroom at 54544 East Washington street,- was arrested on a charge of failure to have a poolroom license and permitting minors in a poolroom. ST. PAUL, Minn., March 30. (P) Three murders were pinned on the Barker-Karpis gang and a life- termer in Stillwater, prison was exonerated of the crimes in a written confession by one of the band held for the $200,000 kidnaping of Edward Bremer, it became known today. On unimpeachable authority it was learned that Leonard Hankins, serv ing a life term for the murder of two policemen and a St. Paul motorist in the robbery of the Minneap olis Third Northwestern National Bank, had been absolved of guilt. Admits Driving Holdup Car. Jess Doyle, Indicted as the moneychanger in the Bremer abduction, is said to have admitted he drove the bandit car and also laid to the notorious Barker-Karpis band the spectacular holdup of the First National Bank at Fairbury, Neb., two years ago in which seven persons were wounded. The asserted confession clears up the slayings of Patrolmen Leo Gor- ski and Ira Evans oi Minneapolis, mowed down by machine gun bullets in front of the bank on Dec. 16, 1932, and the killing of Oscar Erickson, 29-year-old St. Paul resident, who unwittingly stared at the bandits as they changed escape cars in Como Park, St. Paul. Named as Accomplices. Doyle, who said he was dressed In a chauffeur's uniform during the raid, named in his reported confession as his accomplices in the $112,-000 Minneapolis holdup: Alvin Karpis, public enemy No. 1, still at large and indicted as a kidnaper of the St. Paul banker. Arthur (Doc) Barker, held in the county jail here, awaiting trial In the Bremer case. Lawrence Devol, alias Larry Col-ton, serving a life term in Stillwater penitentiary and fingered as .the machine-gunner who cut down the Minneapolis patrolmen. William Weaver, alias Phoenix Donald, a paroled lifer who is sought as one of the actual kidnapers of Bremer. Verne Miller, notorious outlaw found shot to death In Detroit, Mich., Nov. 29, 1933, and one of the ringleaders in the infamous Kansas City depot massacre in June, 1933. Fred Barker, a brother of "Doc" Barker, who, with his mother, "Ma" Kate Barker, was slain last January by Federal agents in Florida. Newspaper Women's Ball Draws Capital Society WASHINGTON, March 30. f)-Womcn writers became dress models, and newspaper men served as floor committee at a masquerade charity ball given here tonight by the Newspaper Women's Club, with Mrs. Roosevelt In the honor box. Wives of officials, Washington debs and subdebs and dowagers, entertainment artists all tho names that make the society columns Interestingwere rallied by the women who write about them, to help the Children's Hospital here and the club's own fellowship fund. Nazi Troopers on Rhine Hoot at French Soldiers STRASBOURG, France, March 30. V)A group of 200 Nazi storm troopers gathered across the Rhine hooted and whistled at a French infantry regiment which was drilling on the right bank of the river today. Soldiers of the 158th French regiment continued their maneuvers de spite the Nazi tactics, Their officers accused the Germans of keeping up "abusive and insulting language" fur mar than an bour. OPPOSE JAPAN COURT ROLE Baltic States Seek to Bar Nation From World Bench. GENEVA, March 25.-(.T)-Per-haps the real test of how far the powers are disposed to permit Japan to remain an active participant In organized political life will come in connection with the World Court of Justice. Judge Adatchl, the Japanese member of the court bench, died several months ago. His successor will be elected in September by the League of Nations assembly and council voting concurrently. Japan is certain to nominate a Japanese who will probably be M. Nagaoka, former ambassador to France. Many other nations are likely to nominate one of their own citizens, or at least a jurist of some other country than Japan. Objection to Japanese, The idea behind this alleged objection to a Japanese is that Japan, reproved by the League of Nations for her initiatives in Manchuria, has resigned from the League of Nations. Hence she can not be expected to be favored for a place on the bench of the great Hague Court. For example, the Baltic states recently complained to the league that although long-time members of the league their citizens are never named on league commissions or committees. This protest may lead to the forcing out of Japanese from permanent league committees as well as from the bench of the World Court. Other countries, faithful to their league membership, are stated to believe that one of their jurists should be elected to the World Court bench, instead of a Japanese. Invitations to Nations. The machinery of election has Just been started by the league. It has sent out to all governments, Including the United States, invitations for the "national groups" to send in their nominations for the court vacancy. Although the United States Senate recently rejected membership In the World Court, it still possesses the right of nomination. This is done by the four Americans who are members of the old Hague Court, known as the Court of Arbitration. This court only meets in sections, and very rarely at that. It Is convened only when states elect to submit a dispute to some of Its judges for solution. Each national group may nominate two candidates and the lists must be in possession of the League of Nations by July 15. Befor.e making the nominations each national group under the provisions of the World Court "is recommended to consult its highest court of justice, its legal faculties and schools of law and its national academies devoted to the study of law." Judge Adatchi's successor will be elected for a term running to 1939. Tho United States had practically always had a jurist on the World Court bench. The present American judge ti former Secretary of State Kellogg. , ; f WEARY ARMIE S W IN H O New Peace Effort Only Hope of Ending Bloody Fighting Soon. irSWAM OK HUGE I FLEET House Chairman Says Sky Defense Only Way to Escape War. WASHINGTON, March 30.-(U.P.) Chairman John J. McSwain, of the House military affairs committee, said tonight a tremendous air defense construction program is the only means by which the United States can escape embroilment in a European war. McSwain said he considered the European situation more grave than it has been at any time in the last forty years with the exception of a few weeks prior to the beginning of the World War. "We must be prepared to defend our neutrality," he added. "The only way to avert embroilment in a general European conflict is through adequate preparation, The only real defense against invasion is an air force capable of turning back the planes of any foreign nation which might attack the United States. Believes in Keeping Neutrality. "I believe in maintaining our neutrality. I think every possible law should be enacted to keep this nation from entering another war. Rut unless we are adequately prepared we will be forced into future wars just as we were forced into war in 1917. "Unless we are prepared, our neutrality will be treated with contempt just as Germany treated our neutrality with contempt in Ifllfi." McSwain, who donned a World War uniform when he was 42 years old, urged an air force program consisting of : 1. Five thousand trained regular army pilots, an active rrwrve of 10,000 trained pilots and a Junior reserve force of fiO.OOO young men trained in aviation principles. Force of 5,000 Planes. 2. An air force of 5,000 fighting and bombing planes and thirty lighter-than-air ships for scouting 3, Immediate construction of an army airplane factory to be backed up by twelve or more private plants capable of rapid and extensive expansion in event of emergency. McSwain said that the army and navy each have approximately seven hundred and fifty capable fighting and bombing planes. The last Congress authorized tho construction of 1,000 planes for each of, the services. Funds for these planes, however, is not available, at present. It was hoped that the money to construct them would come from the $4,80,-000,000 work-relief bill but a Senate amendment precluded that move. McSwain indicated that an attempt would be made to secure additional funds from the House appropriation committee for construction purposes. (Copyright, 1935. by United Prom.) BUENOS AIRES, March 30.-W Weary Paraguayan and Bolivian armies today faced each other along a 200-mile front in the Chaco after a month of indecisive skirmishing, with indications that fighting would be prolonged until one nation or the other should collapse. Unless the new peace effort launched by Argentina and Chile with the blessing of the League of Nations succeeds, the bitter, bloody war over the disputed Chaco boreal will round out its third year June 15. Optimism has been voiced both at Asuncion and LaPaz concerning the Argentine-Chilean effort, though neither the belligerents nor the mediators have cited concrete reasons for hoping this peace attempt will succeed where eighteen earlier neutral efforts have failed. Has Accepted General Plan. Bolivia, on whose territory the last stages of the war are being fought, has accepted the general plan for guarantees and an armistice to be underwritten by neutral American powers. Paraguay has indicated ita assent in principle to the project. Bolivia is threatened with invasion of her eastern provinces, Paraguay with destruction of her army if Bolivia is able to strike an effective blow. Both the underpopulated countries have lost thousands of men since Isolated patrols clashed June 15, 1932, to send them at each other's throats. Their economic systems slowly are cracking and casualties are sapping their male population. Kach Side Claims 50,000 Men. Each belligerent claims that the other has lost 50,000 men. British observers have' commented that in proportion to the number of men engaged, deaths have exceeded the cas ualty rata in the World War. When me league s plan was re jected, Paraguay had taken more than fifty thousand square miles or disputed territory. The fighting now Is concentrated along the sixty-third parallel, in Bolivian territory proper, following a series of Paraguayan victories since December, 1933, and a Bolivian retreat westward close to its bases. Defending Principal Base. At the southern end of the line, Bolivia's forces are defending Villa Montea, their principal base and gateway to the oilfields In the Andean foothills. Farther north, they are defending roads leading to the capital of Santa Cruz department from the swampy region of the Rio Parapiti and the Izozog region. Paraguay, attempting to take Villa Montes by slow pressure In the south, VjO miles farther north, has sent its troops across the Parapiti Into Santa Cruz on a propaganda mission among Indians who speak Guaranl, the language of the Paraguayan Indians who form a strong percentage of the Paraguayan racial stock. Paraguay hopes to foster a separatist movement In Santa Crui, but hesltatea to advance too tar. U. S. ASKED TO AID . EUROPE KEEP PEACE Cundudcd From Page One. tcrnational affairs worsened by recent far Eastern events which, he said, the American press has do-scribed s "closely connected with the breaking of the Versailles treaty by Germany," Tallin's article assorted the United Slates "can never Isolate itself from Europe." Amcrk'H, the writer continued,, "could not avoid becoming involved in war in Europe," saying the leading capitalist circles in America, at least, "realize that war can be postponed only through the accord of United Slates policy with that of other parties interested in protection of the European status quo. KmphusieN War Debts. The United States has $11,000,- 000,000 of war debts to be received from Europe, he said, and over $5,- 000.000,000 Invested in Europe. '.'It is true that tho war debts have been returning only insignificant or symbolic payments," Tanin concluded, "hut the possibility of economic, and political compensations Is the link still connecting the United Stntes to Europe." The newspaper Izvestia, government mouthpiece, renewed charges that Germany is anxious to seize tho Ukraine, ssying Russia stands firm for the Eastern aecunty pact, which Germany thus far has scorned, and predicting Poland would be converted into Germany's vassal. . A joint communique will be issued tomorrow morning outlining the results of the Anglo-nussian talks. Eden termed the conversations "exploratory" while the Rusaians used the word "Informative." Allhnutm observers persisted In their belief that the far Eastern as well as 1 1 io European situation was discussed, the Kussmns continued to deny that any far Eastern security pact with American participation was considered and Ameriran diplomatic officials here had not been advised of this proposal. Press comment today did not mention possible United States collaboration in East Asiatic matters. British and Russian sources made identical statements to the effect that the anglo-Fronch security plan devised at London was the basis for their exchange of ideas, but neither was willing to give an opinion as to what the chances were for putting that plan into effect after the Berlin and Moscow positions became known. Well-informed Russian quarters professed to bo certain that Adolf Hitler replied in tho negative to suggestions advanced in his recent talks with Simon and Eden, and emphatically in the negative concerning the eastern European pact. Hold Mope for British Aid. If this bo true and if Eden's talks here nonetheless had results "satisfactory" to the Russians, observers said It could only mean that Moscow holds hope for British ro-opera-tion in some security arrangement whether or not Germany participates. What action Is proposed in case Britain decides to join a united front pf censure for Germany or security against Germany was not disclosed. In any case the Russians feel they have greatly Improved Anglo-Russian relations, since Eden's visit has been marked by an atmosphere of warmest friendship, He and Litvinoff talked things over thig afternoon in the last conference, after the British visilor lunched nt the Lltvlnoffs's country home. The Soviet commissar wag a l guest at dinner tonight at the British embassy, Russia's next Important visitor will be Laval, who is coming hero after the league council meeting. Nicholas Titulescu, Roumanian foreign minister and Little Entente spokesman, and possibly Eduard Benes, foreign minlner of Czechoslovakia, will follow him to Moscow, it is understood, (Copyright, 1B35, by the Amoclated PreMI I LONDON, March 30,-(U,P.)-Re-ports were revived today of a possible reconstruction of the British Cabinet, Involving the resignation of Prime Minister J. Ramsay Mac-Donald. Despite recent denials by Cabinet members,- there was widespread talk of a "rejuvenation" of the Cabinet late in June or July after celebration of the King's silver jubilee. Foreign diplomats claimed to have heard from responsible sources that MacDonald, whose health has not been robust, would retire. . It was believed that If tho Cabinet is reconstructed MacDonald's son, Malcolm, who is 34 and has been parliamentary undersecretary of state for the dominions since 1931, would be promoted to Cabinet rank. 1935 Evansville College Class Speaker Named (Speca io Th Indianapolii Slot. EVANSVILLE, Ind., March 30. Chancellor E. Guy Cutshall of Nebraska Wesleyan University will be the 1935 commencement speaker at Evansville College, Dr. Earl E. liar-per, president, has announced. Dr. Ciitshnll formerly was president of the Elif School of Theology, Denver, Col., and president of West Virginia Wesleyan College. JAPAN GENEVA, March 30.-(I'i-Japan will maintain her Interest in European affairs, observers hero believe, despite her resignation from the League of Nations. Diplomatic quarters today said they attached considerable importance to the conference of Japan's European diplomatic corps to ho held in Paris in June for general exchange of views concerning European problems. Reports to be drawn up at that conference will be submitted to Tokio probably by Tsuneo Matsud-aira, Japanese ambassador to London, and will provide background for shaping the Japanese government's European policy, these diplomats say, German Policies Explained. Although the Paris meeting was not specifically occasioned by German's new moves toward rearmament, it was stated, it is nevertheless expected here that the European situation growing out of Hitler's initiative will be discussed. The German policies were explained to the Tokio Foreign Ofllce by the Japanese ambassador there without, however, asking Japanese support for them, it is understood here. If tho Paris conference proves of value, Japanese sources say, it will be made an annual affair. Kusaia Pivotal. The tendency in Japanese circles here is to regard tho new European situation as pivoting chiefly about Russia, with which, they say, Japan has now established relations likely to lead to collaboration In tho far East. Japan's attitude toward the reich'B rearmament they compare to that of the United States, Japan sitting back and waiting watchfully. Toward Europe. Nippon's policy will be similar to that toward the League of Nations summarized by Masayukl Yokoyama, Japanese consul general in Geneva, when Japan's resignation from the league became effective this week, Europe can not Ignore Japan because of her predominance in eastern Asia, Japan, by tho same token, can not afford to neglect Europe. 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