IWTED STATES) DEFENSE' STAMPS World-Wide News Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Press J 43 -NUMBER 120 Star The Weather ARKANSAS — Showers in the south east portion Wednesday night; colder in the west and slightly colder in the east portion Wednesday night. Star of Hopo, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January IB, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 4, 1942 (AP)—Means Associated Press (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COF-V Score Gains in Java Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by Tho Editor -ALEX. H. WASHBURN Inflection Versus Reflection world's troubles today. . Q For i n f 01 . m . lt j on ,| 1!lt comos to us hy ear is "colored" by the speaker's emphasis. We arc guided too much, perhaps, by the other fellow's inflection. But facts that we get by reading are there before us in naked type, open to absorption if true, equally open to refutation, if false. For the person accustomed to reading looks at type with an ever-present doubt in his mind—indeed awaiting "the other side" before finally making up his mind. And in reading, therefore, we arc guided, not by the other fellow's inflection, but by our own reflection. In a sense, of course^ we are not being wholly fair to the radio side of this argument—for what America needs at all times is a critical, thinking public, and one who studies the facts out for himself while reading will do pretty much the same thing while listening. But it still remains true that whenever any great portion of a country depends more upon talking than upon reading, for its information, the quality of that information, and the stability of government itself, are depreciated. There is conversation in business, necessarily; but the real spado-work in business and every other daily walk of life is the digging out of facts and this is a laborious and lonesome job. To me the encouraging thing about the public today is its tremendous and continuing purchase of maps. When the public is buying maps it is certainly doing as much thinking as listening—and even if it weren't a map is one of those chnllenging things that cuts conversation short and starts a nation to thinking—and working. ..... *,*..* . By WILLIS THORNTON The Offensive When Hannibal's armies were at the very gates of Rome, the Romans sent an expeditionary force against his homeland of Carthage. And Rome won the war. ( When the infidel Turk threatened all Christendom, the West did not wait for him to come and conquer. Tho crusaders advanced to the Golden Horn, defeated the Turk and threw him out of Europe. ^At the first battle of the Marnc, Foch dispatched to the indecisive Joffre this message: "My right is exposed, my left is heavily attacked, my center is unable to hold its position. I cannot redistribute rny forces. The situation is excellent. I shall attack." One of America's active soldiers- no gents' room general or saloon strategist—now declares the only way to win the present war is for America to attack the heart of the enemy, .specifically to strike against Germany through Italy. His name is Lieut.-Col. W. F. Ker- In times like these no farmer can n;m a "d his new hook, "Defense afford to overlook the opportunity for wil1 Not Win the War," carries much it sure and stable income such as " 10 ""•"•"• •""•.••.-••- •— "... :—- -'•--• • • is offered by cotton crop insurance, Many More U, S. Soldiers Arrive jn North Ireland Land With Clock work Precision in Full Field Equipment LONDON -(XT')- Several hundred U, S. troops arrived in London Wednesday. 'WITH u. s. TROOPS IN NORTHERN IRELAND -(/]>- Thousands more cheering husky U. S. fighting men have arrived in a Northern Ireland port to augment the force that, has been in Ulster for more than s& month, it was announced Wednesday. Details of the landing of a fleet of transports and supply ships were withheld until soldiers, guns and other fighting equipment had been scat- /•tered to secluded spots throughout six North Ireland counties and the shiiw lhad left port. Compared with the ceremonial landing of the first contingent of the latest arrival of U. S. troops was a routine job, carried put with clockwork (Precision. Like tho first contingent most of the latest arrivals are mid-westerners who have been in training in southern army camps for more than a year but represent every part of the country. 1- They came in full field equipment and with their guns ready. The white-haired troop commander was a colonel from the Middle West, a veteran of artillery campaigning in the First World war and for five vcars a commander with units with 'the Rainbow Division. m » m Opportunity for Farm Insurance Cotton Producers Advised to Fill Out AAA Form , , Earl N. Martindale, chairman of the ' si(1 ° that. the same message as the implications of President Roosevelt's recent firc- Hcmpstead county AAA committee, declared Tuesday in a statement urging all cotton producers who have ••jot done so to take out insurance on their 1!)42 crop. "Next year one dollar out of every two dollars in our national income will B» into our fifty-six billion dollar victory armament program," In- pointed out," and taxes are bound ,'jA rise, timi-s arc bound to get tighter. If we are going to win this war we must ull chip in every nickel we can, do our part in every way we can, and manage our affairs the best we can. No fanner can ufforcl a crop failure. No farmer can afford to miss u chance to put his farm on a bus- (Continucrl on page four) Pittman Speaks to IPrescott Rotarians FRESCOTT—The Rotary Club met Tuesday at noon at the Broadw.jy Hotel. Daniel Pittman gave an interesting talk on the history of the 'hardware business. Cranium Crackers Anzac Facts Now that invasion threatens our allies down under, Australia and * New Zealand, as never before, prepare to defend your knowledge of those dominions. 1 Where does the term "Anzac" come from, and whom does it designate'.' i. 2. Who is Hie first United States minister to New Zealand'.' 3. Is Australia approximately the saint- si/.e geographically as Argentina, the United States, j Libya or Sweden? 4. Who is Richard Casey and •I Mia! English statesman dues he resemble in appearance? 5. Is Wellington the capital of Australia or New Zealand? Answers ou Cu"Uc Fyge I The message is that America and her allies cannot hope to win by attempting purely defensive actions before widely scattered points once so fondly called "fortresses " That as long as Hitler and his bloody crowd can count on escaping direct attack themselves, they can always choose their battlefield and smash the strongest defense by assembling a mobile, overwhelming force al one point. History is t^'ii Ct/loncl Kernan's side—recent history in Europe and the Far East,, and ancient history whcre- cvcr wars have been fought. Defense does not win wars, and that goes for the type of defense that employs a strong navy with no army capable of winning decisive victory on land. Britain, while still possessing her mighty fleet, felt the hot breath of defeat and still feels it. Britain first built her navy to transport armies to win wars on the other fellow's home field. When Britain came to rely on that navy as a force for defending places like Singapore all around the world, then Britain stood in peril of her very life. It would be difficult to soften Colonel KernaiV's indictment of the defensive method of warfare. His own special brand of offensive is something else again. He thinks we can get into Italy with 200,000 men, send in another 200,000 every month and whip Hitler in the air and on the ground—in Germany. Few men are qualified to pass judgment on stich a spectacular plan of attack. Few .should attempt it. At any rate, Colonel Kernan's ideas should reach the public, for they are stimulating in the manner of the President's fine speech. They Art- Different Unlike most other members of the deer family, moose do not graze. Instead, they feed on bark, tv.-igs, leaves, moss and lichens. Orange is the symbol of inspiration. A.P.L. to Build Electric Plant Using 'Sour Gas' 3-Million-Dolfar Generating Station Announced for Stamps STAMPS, Ark. ~(/P)- The Arkansas Power & Light Co. announced Wednesday it would build a ?3,000,000 generating plant here which will use "sour" natural gas as fuel. "Sour" or higli-sulfur-eontcnt gas abounds hereabouts, and largo amounts of it are wasted daily because there is no market for it in its natural state. "Sweetening" facilities will be installed to make it usable under the plant's boilers. The announcement said the plant would have a 30,000-kilowatl capacity and would be built so that three other units could be erected, making "a generating station with a total of 120,000 kilowatts oC capacity—one of the largest power plants in the south." A spokesman said the state utilities commission had approved the project some time ago in authorizing the company's six-year expansion plan. Priorities have been applied for, the spokesman added. However, Washington has not indicated what action it would take on this. The announcement said the company "is ready to begin construction immediately." The plant will be either two miles south or two miles east of Stamps, depending on water supply and foundation conditions. Tost wells are being drilled now and test piling will be driven shortly to ascertain the foundation qualifications, the statement said. To supply enough steam, more than 1,250,000 gallons of 'water or about two-thirds as much as Pine Bluff uses, will be required daily. The building will be of brick, about 80 feet wide, 150 long and GO high. The company said it had options on both sites and an agreement with the Carter Oil Co. "for a maximum of 10,000,000 cubic feet of gas daily." "Construction of this plant is the second step in a 510,000,000 development program announced by the company last April," the announcement said. 600 Killed in RAF Raid on Occupied Paris Many Houses Destroyed; Factory Suburb Regions Hard Hit LONDON —(/T>)— A Paris broadcast hoard here said that at least 1,5(1(1 people were killed and several hundred injured in Tuesday night's raid on \Pnris. Whole streets were destroyed and complete districts were razed. Plastic Story Told in Film Will Be Shown at High School at 1 p. m. Friday H. W. Blalock, special consultant of the Rural Electrification Administration, Department of Agriculture, will show an educational movie entitled "The Magic of Modern Plastics" at the high school auditorium Friday, March 6, beginning at I 1 p. m. The purpose of this meeting is to show the opportunities of Arkansas in assisting the government in its war effort through the development of synthetic rubber and other plastic products. In addition, Mr. Blalock will give a short talk, pointing fcul the vast opportunities Arkansas has for participating in an industrial program that will not only help win Die war, but also form the nucleus about which HUrmaixcnt industries can develop. Everyone interested in the development of Southwest Arkansas is invited to attend this mooting at the hit,' hschool auditorium, March fi, at 1 p. m. VICHY—W)—The death toll of an RAF raid on industrial suburbs of Paris Tuesday night mounted steadily Wednesday as rescue workers dug through ruins and shortly afternoon was placed semi-officially at BOO with more bodies constantly being recovered. Earlier a communique announced at least 4-12 persons were killed with more than 1,000 injured and between 200 and 250 houses destroyed. Many of the wounded died on op- crating tables in a hurriedly improvised hospital where all available physicians were mobolizcd. One report salid at about 1,000 wounded in the Boulogne-Sur-Seine and the Billancourt surburbs some 300 were feared to be dying. Along with bombs the RAF dropped leaflets addressed to the Paris population saying they had come to bomb factories manufacturing arms for "our common enemies" and would return now that they knew where to strike. Daylight disclosed wreckage of a large number of buildings. Admiral Jean Darlan, vice-premier of the Vichy government who was in Paris, visited the blasted areas during the morning. Ditpatches from Paris said he assigned two of his principal aides to spend the night louring the hospitals. These reports said the factory regions were the hardest hit. At least 12 towns in the suburban belt around Paris were blasted during the two-hour attack. Marshal Pctain was kept informed of the attack even while successive waves of British planes were bombing. He declared victims funeral day would be declared a day of national mounring. A statement issued by Petain's office declared: China Plays Big Role in Far East War •® Measure of War WASHINGTON (If)- British bombing of faclorics in France is a "ligiti- mate measure of war" Undcr-Secrc- tary of State Welles told a press conference Wednesday. End to Allied Collalmraticm LONDON -(/Pj- The heavy bombing attack by the RAF Tuesday night on the great Renault Plant and other industrial installations in the sur- burbs of Paris may mean the end of Allied attempts to coax the Vichy government away from collaboration with Na/i German, informed British said Wednesday. An official spokesman said the bombing represented no change in the RAF policy but merely in the wcutlu-r which other sources earlier had said was clear and aided the raiders. However, it was notable that this was the first time the British had risked anger of the French by a heavy attack on any objective near German- occupied Paris. In past targets have been around Lille and Douay in the industrial north. There was no consultation between , British and French officials and the j Slate Department in Washington be- I fore the RAF launched the raid, it I- (Continued on page four) Oil and Gas Filings Hempstead County March 4, 1942 Prepared by Jewcllc Bartlett Warranty Deed. Dated 2-1G-42. Filed 3-342. Isabelle Boyce, et al to A. N. Stroud. Pt. NW'/4 SE'/i Sec. 28 T. 11 S. R. 25 W. 2.01 acres. O. & G. Lease. Dated 2-9-42. Filed 3-4-42. A. D. Middlebrooks, et ux to Fred E. Guthrie. W'.i NW'Xi Sec. 32 T. 14 S. R. 25 W. 80 acres (10 years). Royalty Deed. Dated 2-28-42. Filed 3-4-42. John W. Ridgdill, et ux to J. B. Ziek. (20 312.8 int.) Pt. SE'/i SEVj Sec. 22 T. 13 S. R. 24 W. 39.1 acres. (20 royalty acres). Royalty Deed. Dated 2-28-42. Filed 3-4-42. John W. Ridgdill, et ux to J. B. Ziek. (1 16 int.) E'/i SW!ii; SW^ EWVi Sec. 23 T. 13 S. R. 24 W. 120 acres. Quitclaim Deed. Dated 1-5-42. Filed 3-4-42. Agnes Ann Allen, et al to Annie E. Allen. EVa NW'/i; SW'/4 NWV 4 ; SE',4 SW'/4 Sec. 12 (less one acre)—all in T. 12 S. R. 25 W. 159 aerw. J Nevada County March 3, 1942 Prepared by Helen Hcstcrly O. & G. Lease, dofil 3-3-42, Ann Benton et al 10 Walter Keith, Frl. SE NW, See. 11, Twp. 33, Rge. 21. O. & G. Lease, filed 3-2-42, T. R. Bidllingsley et ux to Hunt Oil Company, N SW, Sec. 34. Twp. 14, Rge. 23. O. & G. Lease, filed 3-3-42, Annie Benton to Walter Keith, Sec. 11, Twp. 33. Rge. 21. Royalty Deed, filed 3-3-42, A. H. Boswell to J. D. Boswell, S SW, Sec. 7, Twp. 14. Rge. 22. Royalty Deed, filed 3-3-42, Ophelia Rocket to A. H. Boswell, S SW, Sec. 7, Twp. 14, Rge. 22. Royalty Deed, filed 3-3-42, Budd Smith to A. H. Boswell, S SW, Sec. 7, Twp. 14, Rge. 22. Royalty Deed, filed 3-3-42, A. H. Biswell et ux to J. W. May, S SW, E™. 17. Twp. 14, Rge. 22. Royalty Deed, filed 3-3-42, Mrs. Ramett C. Deaton et aly to F, F. Meadows, NE NW: S NW NW^'NE NW NW, Sec. IS), Twp. 14, Rge. 22. Control) Butong., /SUlVuXN -. KORE oircn GulfofPchsi Chafoo Shaohing Ningpo (Port.) Kwongchowan <Fr.) HA INDOCHINA Jap-Held Areas White circles show fighting fronts The China front takes a new important part with the drive on Rangoon threatening the Burma road lifeline to Chungking, Chmesc capital. British, Indian and Allied forces are reported to be holdmgo™ against Japanese on the Sittang river front, only « few miles from Rangoon. atKinsi jap Council Studies Fire Insurance Favors Purchase of a 750 Gallon Pumper Tlic Hope city council Tuesday night discussed and partially approved a plan whereby property owners 'might save as much as 12 per cent on fire insurance premiums. The group studied a program submitted by the Arkansas Fire Prevention Bureau which suggested improvements in city's facilities and called for the purchase of a 750 gallon pump- er truck for the local Fire Department, The purchase of the pumper was referred to the borad of public affairs with the council's recommendation. A report from the fire department showed that during the month of February all firemen were present at every fire. The council commended this 100 per cent showing. Van Hayes and Clay Hairston asked (he council to grant a permit to operate a liquor store in the Hotel Barlow. No action was taken. The McDuffie, Stewart Company of Little Rock was again employed to audit the city and water and light plant books at the end of the fiscal year, ending March 31. A report from the Police department for the month of February showed 145 arrests, 113 convictions. Fines assessed amounted to §1,479. —,_ _o» ( — _ Young Business Men to Meet A. E. Stonequist Calls Meeting at 8 p. m. Thursday A meeting of the Young Business Men's association for 8 o'clock Thursday night at The Star office was called Wednesday by A. E. Stonequist associate president. Mr. Stonequist urged that the membership attend promptly as important matters of policy must be decided on at this meeting. Italians Claim Subs Sink Ships Near U.S. ROME—(#>)—The Italian command said Wednesday that Italian submarines operating off the United States coa^t sunk merchantships Imi'.ing 25,204 tons. Argentina Votes Against Axis Election Goes Against Castillo Administration BOENOS AIRES-m-Deputy Raul Damonte Taborda, head of the so-called Argentine congressional "Dies Committee" and outspoken opponent of acting President Castillo's foreign policy of maintaining diplomatic relations with the Axis powers, appeared certain of re-election to the chamber Tuesday night. In early tabulations of last Sunday's balloting for chamber seats, Damonte Taborda topped the list of his fellow Radical party candidates who, with the Socialists, were running well ahead of Castillo's Conservative party candidates. Tho last congress adjourned angrily without passing an appropriations measure and without acting on a proposed loan from the United Slates after Castillo took no action on the chamber's disclosures of Axis activities in Argentina and the demand that German Ambassador Baron Edmund von Thurman be held persona non grata—sent back to Berlin. Damonte Toborda was the ringleader of the disclosing forces in congress and visited the United States after the adjournment last fall. 3 More Gitts to Road Fund Kroger, Rephcm Elmore Make Donations Contributions continue to come in to the §1.500 fund to build a road from Patmos to the Hempstead county line. Kroger Gro. & Baking company and Rephan's Department store each sent in a check this week for $25, and the Bob Elmore Auto Supply brought a contribution of $5 to the Chamber of Commerce office, although they had never been solicited. The fund now stands at 51,555 and there are still some who will give that have not reported. County Judge Fred Luck says he will need more than $1,500 to build a good road and the Chamber of Commerce will be glad to report any additional contributions. There are 1,S43,G5(! old age pensioners in England, of which numhcr 1,080,535 women. Allied Naval Chief Resigns Admiral Helfrich Quits to Go on Special Mission LONDON -(/P>— Vice Admiral C. E. L. Helfrich has been entrusted with a "special mission" and has been succeeded as commander of the Netherlands East Indies naval forces by acting Rear-Admiral J. J. A. Van Sfaver- cn, the Netherlands government announced Wednesday. The statement said Lt. Gen. Hein Tcr Poortcn would command the land forces following departure of General Archibald P. Wavell, former supreme command of the United Nations in the southwest Pacific forces. The governor general will continue in full civil authority, it was announced. Sugar Ration Plans Prepared High School Teachers to Help on March 9-10 E. E. Austin, supervisor of schools for Hempstead county, made the following announcement here Wednesday: "The schools of the nation are asked to take the lead in contacting and furnishing merchants and wholesale people and consumers—both individuals and families—with instructions and materials for the rationing of sugar to our people. Monday and Tuesday, March 9 and 10, have been tentatively fixed as the dates for teachers of the high schools to distribute information and supplies to merchants and wholesale people; March 18-21 inclusive are the proposed dates for the issuing of instructions and supplies by the elementary schools to individuals and families, or consumers. "All are asked to watch the paper for suggestions and possible change of dates by government authorities." Bra kern an Loses Arm in Beirne Accident PRESCOTT-H. A. Ellis of Little Rock, brakeman for Missouri Pacific on freight train No. 29, fell from the back of an engine Monday, and lost, an arm. The accident occurred in Beirne. Scorch Earth Policy Carried Out on Island Situation Very Critical; British Forces Hold Firm in Burma By the Associated Prqss Japanese invasion hordes scored now gains against outnumbered American, British and Dutch troops in the critical 4-day-old battle of Java Wednesday and the danger now is so acute that NEI headquarters announced a major scorch-earth defense policy already had been carried out. Tokyo radio said Japanese mechanized units Wednesday reached a point west of the naval base at Soerabaja and there clashed with Allied forces "trying desperately to halt the Japanese onslaught." Other enemy columns were striking toward the capital city of Batavia where demolishion squads already had begun to blast' the 320-year-old town and toward the Allied headquarters city of Bandoeng. Once again the tragic story of Allied numerical inferiority—in planes, ships and men—emerged from the struggle from this last United Nations stronghold in the Indies. Only 50,000 Allied Troops The Dutch government in London said only about 50,000 Allied troops, among them a few thousand American and British, were fighting at least 85,000 Japanese and that the United Nations naval forces had suffered "a crippling blow" in attempting to halt' the Japanese invasion fleet. Previous reports said the Dutch, an army of 100,000 to 200,000 troops, reinforced by many thousands of Amei- y ican, British /and Australian, soldiers/f to combat thV" seaborne -attack. •*"' V' " A bulletin from NEI headquarters conceeded that the invaders had sue-*"* ceeded in making some headway at some points by numerical superiority "especially in the air," The extent of the Japanese gains were not specified. While there still appeared to be no radical change in the situation all signs were ominuous. • "The principal destruction in Java lias now been carried out" the Dutch announced. Naval Strength Reduced Highly reliable Dutch sources in London said Japanese submarine victories reduced the Dutch naval strength so that the Allies were not able to take counter offensive measures in the Far Pacific theater. The Dutch command gave this terse summary: "It can only be said Wednesday that our troops are fighting with stubborn resistance and in offensive spiut. "In all places where the enemy attempts to advance they are strongly engaged by our troops who try to prevent his advance.' By contrast a British dispatch late Tuesday said Allied troops had launched a counter offensive and the Japanese were reported thrown back 7 miles in one sector. Against the somber background of the Java conflict reports from Burma front said Allied aerial attacks slowed down the Japanese drive toward Rangoon and the "enemy is held virtually at a standstill." In the battle for Java the Dutch reported that in heavy aerial counter blows against the Japanese four enemy bombers and a fighter plane were shot down and damage inflicted on hangars at a Japanese airdrome. , A German broadcast by exchange telegraph to British news agency, declared one Japanese spearhead advanced to within about 20 miles of Batavia and that the fight for the capital was in full swing. " MacArthur's Forces Sink 2 Jap Ships WASHINGTON — (fl 5 )— Two enemy ships and several smaller vessels were destroyed in a sudden surprise attack by General Douglas MacArthur's small airforces on Japanese installations and shipping in Subic Bay, north of Bataan, the War Department announced Wednesday. «g» »^» A bi-mouthly magazine is one published once every two months. Cotton By the Associated Press NEW ORLEANS Close March 1S.46 May 18.62 July 18.75 October 19.98 December 19.00 January - 19.01 March 19.02 NEW YORK March 18 J9 May 18.56 July 18.67 October , 18.76 December IS.78 January 18 SO Middling spot 20.18.
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