„ „ Afl Seeks Peace With Agricultore Dave Bedk, West Coast Chief, Would Pacify Orchard Men WASHINGTON - The American Federation of Labor has promised (o lobby in congi-ess next session to rescue Dave Beck's Seattle labor domain _ from the wrath of outraged , Washington apple growers. Beck, shrewd and hard but no rough neck, has been, labor king in Seattle for a dozen years or more under a tacit agreement with local industry. He takes no nonsense from his subordinate labor groups. There are few 'quickie" strikes among outlaw labor organizations in Seattle. In turn. Beck exacts from industry an extensive code of cooperation. Beck is head of the teamsters union. In Seattle that is a broad term. The big Washington port city is not surprised when stenographers, waiters and beauty operators are listed as members of the teamsters'union. Beck Has a Fright But a rebellion of eastern Washington apple growers gave Beck and his organization a fright last year. Here's the story as it is told here. So iron-clad was Beck's control of the trucking business that farmers from the upland part of the state could not drive their own produce- laden trucks into Seattle. At (he three main passes through the mountains behind Seattle. Beck's men stationed patrols. Farmers with their trucks were stopped, compelled to seat a driver and pay him a day's wages for the final few miles into Seattle, even though the farmer continued to drive his own truck. It was a jolly arrangement for the truck drivers, but the farmers rebelled. They advanced a piece of initiative legislation last fall so restrictive in its nature that strikcs- as they are practiced on the Pacific Coast—would have been vastly handicapped. By such a narrow margin was it defeated that Beck's advisers warned him that he had better placate such fanner opposition before it really hit him. He Sees The Light ] Beck is belligerent but not stubborn. He quickly saw the light. To the recent convention of the American Federation of Labor, of which his tightly-knit organization is an affiliate, he conveyed his wishes. The apple growers of the state of Washington wanted the regulations against apple spray residue modified. So did Beck, the convention was told. The apple growers of Washington wanted support for the bill by Senator Schwellenback of Washington authorizing §300,000,000 of additional farm credit refinancing. So di Beck, the The convention did not include convention was told, the items specifically among its formal resolutions but the wishes of the Washington farmers, supported by Beck, were made a part of the legislative program which the AFL will sponsor in congress. Old Stuff Cooperation with potential foes is no new diversion for Beck. He started out years ago by organizing the laundry drivers in his own particular way. To the big laundry operators of Seattle he went with his proposition. He wanted better terms for the driv- * HOPE Sf AK. flOPE, AttKSKSAS Leg Perfection ^ Posture Is Vital in Older Women Exercise Eliminates Sway- Back Posture and Round Shoulders By BETTY CLABKE AP Feature Service Writer NEW YORK - You're seen her photograph everywhere— as an ovcr- torty woman giving her married daughter advice about baking powder, as n well-groomed middle-aged hostess, s a model in countless fashion pictures. She's Edna Blue lop-notch older woman model for John Powers. I've known Miss Blue (she's a VIrs. in private life) since 1936. Thc list tic I saw her I was checking over passible models for older wo- nen's bathing suits. Miss Blue was willing to pose in bathing suit!— although she did wear a size 18 or 20. And I like her as a person. So ve did a little extracareful selecting imong the bathing suits and picked out wo that were particularly good at camouflaging. The next time I ran across Miss 51ue she was seriously at work in a beauty culture class—learning how reduce, to stand, to walk, to use lake-up to the greatest advantage. Exercises Seriously Today. Miss Blue, who is nearly is a size 12. She is in constant demand as a model. And she is glad about the whole business. 'My husband thinks it's grand," she remark happily. "He encourage me to keep up my exercises. "And my youngest daughter. Virginia, says she can't wait until she's 40 to make herself over." What does she think most older I women need' to correct in their personal apptarancc? Posture comes first. "A lot of older women have swayback posture and round shoulders," she says. "I have them myself. The correct exercises will straighten that out." Reducing is equally important. "An awful lot of their troubles are due to overweight.' 'she points out. "But they just don't do anything about it. "I think any older woman with rr., , , 'he will power can get herself down. 1 hese are most perfect legs m , The first week is the hardest. After Hollywood the Physical Culture j that It's siple. When vou begin to Foundation decided and awarded ! get into smaller dresses, when vou a^^^^^[^^^J^ «- noftW in fourth. I Double chins are a by-product of bad posture. Bad make-up rates fourth place. "Women don't know anything murh about make-up." she says v "They just Love Cofhes to Barbara Novemb'er 111939 B; !? k j" Ule , nows °" » iuipti.il note is lO-ycar'-old Barbara Carroll of South Pans, Mo, u hose father and 'former sweetheart aim nnT'M 8 T •m n fl° 1 M CS c? F ^ Sla> ' ing ° £ Dl> ' JflmCS G " Littlefield' ana fliis. L.ullencld. Shu announces engagement lo Armand P Lacroix, salesman. Barbara was a central fifiure in the sensational trial of her father and former lover. v«lt h»« found * MV way of exprcs- sti»g*Sttti* of his own views—edged up a bit by th« adept Early—without the formality of making the statement himself. Early ,Ui In constant touch with the President. He has come fresh from a regular morning conference with thc President each time he hns cut loose with some special bit of news of foreign importance. On one or two occasions he hns taken pains to sug- ?cst that he was not speaking for the President, tyjt knowing White House correspondents have frankly referred o him as a ''White Ffousc" spokes- nan, which traditionally hns been virtually a synonym for the President. 'Perfectly Legal' On one or two occnsions his rcmtirks have struck sparks in some unexpected directions. Nevertheless he has not been silenced by thc President in wo months of opcn-limuled speak- ng, topped off by his impressive •hsllcngc to Die purposes of Premier Molotoff. When thc Athcnln was sunk with- ut warning within n few hours f thc outbreak of war, Enrly commented that there could be no doubt hat thc ship was not armed. It wius not what all people would call a strict- y impartial comment. He shared with the President the i both overweight and ers. In return for better conditions, ! They some next, he offered to help freeze out cut- rats laundry to help freeze out cut- rate laundry owners. The thing worked. Subsequently he applied it to the dairy industry and to taxi companies and a. fistfull of other groups including the all-powerful teamsters union, which now is thc backbone of his organization. The industrial operators, in turn have helped freeze out opposition to Beck's labor organizations. So tightly woven is the cooperation that complaints have arisen that busi- I ness in Seattle is almost strait-jacket- I ed. Beck's people flatly deny this [ insisting that business benefits hugely by assurance of peacful relations with labor, which Beck enforces. From time to time reports come dab it on—when thev use And they use either too little or too mulh. "They don't take rare of their skin.s. either," she concludes. "You know an older woman's skin is apt to be dry, so she ought to use a from the Pacific coast that a con-1 he always has. certed movement is under way to break up Beck's tightly-knit system. Only lately we have received such a report. Each time heretofore the movement has been met and likuiclated by Beck, just as he is seeking now to quiet the opposition of the Washington apple growers. Each time new doubt is expressed that he can survive, but Bruce Catton Says: G. 0. P. Plans Farm Subsidy Plank for '40 By BRUCE CATTON IS'EA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON—First steps toward evolving the farm program which the Republicans will offer the country in the 19-10 election—and which will be put into effect if they win—are being taken now by a group of congressmen headed by Representative Clifford Hope of Kansas. Named chairman of a 46-man com-•> 5 Would Ki A Mystery By Tom Homer Begins Wednesday, November 15 in *TfJf ^^ _ _ nope mittee by G. O. P. congressional leader Joe Martin, Mr. Hope is blocking out an all-inclusive program which will survey practically every angle of the New Ijc-a!' farm policy. Noteworthy is the fact that no back- to 1020 program is apt to come out of this study. Mr. Hope suspects that subsidy program, and probably some form of government control over farm production, arc here to stay, Free Land Days Are Over "We can't go back to the old clays of free land, when a man could go two slates west and take up a new quarter .section if he went broke at home,' he says. "Tho.se days arc gone forever, and we have a new and very difficult situation to face. "The theory this committee is proceeding on is that while the intentions of the New Deal farm planners have been good, and while their pro- 1 gram .has given the farmer some tempr.rary benefits, it does not appeal- after the expenditure of all of this money that there has been any permanent rehabilitation of agriculture It'H in just about the same shape it was in at the beginning of the New Deal." Mr. Hope is now at work dividing his unwieldy committee into upwards of a dozen .sub-committees, each of which will have one specific part c;f the farm problem to study. He hopes many of these sub-committees can travel out through the farm belt in tin: near future to hold hearings and to find out just vvh.-i'l I he farmer wants from his government. Sub-committees to be named will study these subjects. Dairying and poultiy, foreign markets 'including (he reciprocal trade agreements) farm chemurgy, livestock and meats, wheat, rorn-and-Jiogs, potatoes, vebelables UK! canning industries, fruits .sugar, soil conservation, irrigation, marketing and cost of production processing and tobacco. •Vi( No I'ii/icy f'«r JVexl Session For the most part, no attempt will be in;u\L' lo biuck mil n [umi policy in time for use by He-publican con- gics.sjonal leaders in the coining winter .session. The two exceptions to Ibis rule have j to do with the sugar situation and j with the reciprocal trade agreements. j Congressional action on both .subjects is due during ihc next session, and sonic definite recommendation on each is expected to be offered the Republican congressmen by January 1. There is likely to be a stiff fight in Congress over both of these mat- 1 tors. | Mr. Hope forecasts a strenuous ef- ! fort to cut down the total of the Agriculture Department appropriation I which last year ran slightl yovcr one [ billion dollars. He docs not anticipate j much of a fight over the item for I .soil conservation payments '$'500,000.000 Jin the last billi, but believes there i will be <•; strong attempt lo cut down routing the sub-committees so that members for the most part do their field work in their own states. What financing is necessary will probably come either directly from th.c Republican National Committee or from thc Republican Congressional Committee. pur- .on sums voted for commodity ,,„, i chases, which accounted for $338.000,1000 in the current budget. I Although his various sub-cominitt- I ecs will cover a good deal of groud, j Mr. Hope doesn't believe the whole job will be very expensive. Aside from traveling items, I here 1 I won't be much need to spend money. I The.se can be held down by naming ajitl ' cream, I "But .she- riot-sn'l know a I about creams. So she lets it (J.'.c ..he u-.c'j •,'.-,.;;•• I'j'j jui;'-li go- -or Early Is Potent Source for News Presidential Sec r e'fiary Nou- Rivals Hull on Foreign News By PUESTN GROVER WASHINGTON - Steve Early, former ace state department correspondent and now secretary to President fioosevelt, has suddenly appeared, like :» magic, oasis in the desert, as the most productive fountain of foreign new.s in Washington. He occupies a ground floor office on the opposite side of the executive wing from that of the President. But in recent weeks he has come closer to being an official Roosevelt spokesman than any of thc several members of the Brain club who in the early days of the New Deal .spoke, or presumed to speak, the White Mouse mind. At times he has left the slate department [iiiffing in the rear as a purveyor of government information on foreign affairs, Early's direct and some times sarcastic press conference state nicnls come in sharp contrast to thc meatless replies of Secretary of State Hull, who for more than a year has operated far on the side of caution. Of late, however, since thc blossoming of Early, even Secretary Hull's conferences have become more decisive. Karly's conferences with White House correspondents arc not new. He hns had them almost every morning for yciij.s ns u mams of posting thc reporters regularly assigned to the President. Six to reporters was Die usiuil attendance. Recently as many as two score have crowded into his office, for it has fallen to him to deliver big news breaks, along with .steaming comment. Replies to Molotoff Early made thc first reply lo Premier Molotoff of Russia who had ribbed President Roosevelt about being "unneutrai" for .speaking out for Pinland in its dealings with the Soviet. Early implied that Premier Mo- lotoff had timed his comment on American neutrality and the disclosure of the demands upon Finland .so they would have most effect upon the consideration by the House of arms embargo repeal. "It would seem to me," 'said Early, "that he had the embargo in mind when he criticized thc President, probably more because of thc neutrality issue than of the moral support which he said the President was lending to Finland." Such words, implying doublcblad- cd dealing by (lie Russians, arc scarcely diplomatic. Doubtless the many cautions minds in the state department, which Early used to cover as an Associated Press reporter, writhed in diplomatic anguish ( ,t such goings on. fiid'lhe repealed occasions on which Karly has spoken out have convinced ili'jl 1'rvudeitl MIND YOUR MANNERS ft M. »tn u. ». PAT. orf, Test your knowledge ot correct socinl usage by answering the following questions, then checking against the nutho.-ltatlve answers below: 1. If you are taking down a telephone number for some-one to call, should yon «] so M , r jic down the name of the person who phoned? 2. Is it good tnste to cany on ;, excitement of announcing thc various ippearance.s of .submarines near thc \incriean eoa.st. On the occasion of the .-upturn ot the City o f Flint he staled hut the ship was on a 'perfectly Ic;al" voyage. Equally important, ho has spoken iberally ::off-tlie-rt'cord" to give rc- lortcrs the bases upon which to rest (notable new.s developments. All in all be has become not only i -spokesman of White House policy nit more emphatically a reflection of rresidentia! feelings and emotions. Should men smoke on nn cle- Vitor? i If a girl is dinner dancing in it hole], mny she cave her wrap ovsr the back of her chair or must she check it? 5. At a dinner dnncc, should a mnn nsk his hostess or dinner partner for the first dance? What would you do if— Someone phones and asks lo speak lo u member of your family uVio is not nt home. Would you-j- C (a) Say "He is not here," nnd hung up? <h) Say, "I'm sorry. nt home now. Would to liavc him en II conies in"? Answers 1. Yes, 2. Nd. I!. Nn. •I. .She mny Iciive it on her chair if she : likcs. !>. Hi.s dinner partner. I He;; "Whii I Would You t>j" .solution— (b>. It requires n lot more skill to drop pamphlets over Berlin thnu to drop bombs, iw anyone who luis over tried I" toss a plnying r.ircl into ii hat can leslify, He isn't you like you when he Th eres N0G/Z5K/ about Cigarette Tobaccos THERE ARE FOUR TYPES of tobaccos found in the more popular cigarettes, namely. ..Bright, Maryland, Burley and Turkish. ALL THESE TOBACCOS cxccptTurkish(whichis bought direct from the planters in Turkey and Greece) and Maryland (which is bought through sealed bids under government supervision) are bought at public auction, just like any other auction where you might have bought in a table or a chair. AT THE AUCTION SALE the tobacco is piled in baskets weighing from about 100 to 500 pounds and each purchaser buys all of his tobaccos by competitive bidding for the particular piles he wants. TlIE CHESTERFIELD BUYERS buy the best of these mild ripe tobaccos for the Chesterfield blend. And it is Chesterfield's Combination.. .the right amounts of Burley and Bright. . . just enough Maryland . ;. and just enough Turkish —that makes the big difference between Chesterfield and other cigarettes. IT IS BECAUSE of this combination that Chesterfields are COOLER, have a hETTKR TASTE and are DEFINITELY MILDER. They are made of the world's best cigarette tobaccos. You can't buy a better cigarette. ..j 1'li.CCJI ''.". '-'P-ll . , •'.! :;>L 4 MAKE YOUR NEXT PACK STERFIELD M,n-.
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