PAGE FOUR HOPE STAR, HOPE, Thiirsclny, November f), 1930 Oslo to New York 3672 miles WORTH > SEA HISTORY GOES A K A LOOK at the map—and at his* *• tory—gives added importance to developments in the region around the' Baltic Sea. Russia surges west, toward domination of the Baltic area and toward achievement of her centuries-old dream of ice-free Russian ports on the Atlantic Ocean and North Sea, Germany has her han'ds full with Britain and France. The small Baltic states can not resist. But the larger Scandinavian countries have their backs up. They don't want war with Russia, they are willing to make concessions, but they will not surrender to Soviet domination. Shunted into the news background during the last few years, the Baltic region regains its historic importance with the swift strokes of Russian diplomacy- aggression. Events there may decide the turn of the present war. History goes North! Railroads Ice-locked ports. Ice-fret fro^'? Naval bases. Fortified lines. Fortified area* Air bases. I fi f ^Z&£ ATLANTIC ?*'•"' O C B A N u ^ --V -v TVfORWAY (pop. 2,810,000) •»•* and Sweden (pop. 6,210,000), both neutral in the World War, are smack in the path of Russian expansion to the Atlantic. Ambition of the Czars was a Russian port at some point like Narwik. Achievement would not only doom independence of progressive Norway and Sweden but would afso pose a new threat to the British Empire. Against the Russian menace, Sweden can pit a well trained army of almost a million men, one of the best equipped forces in Europe. Norway is practically unarmed. Lumber and iron ore are the chief exports and the industrial backbone of the two countries. Three-fourths of Sweden's iron ore goes to Germany; the Nazis must have it to wage war. Cutting off the supply route .would be fatal to the Reich. F INLAND (pop. 3,667,000) had autonomous status under the Czars, drove out the Russian overlords in 1918. She could put an army of 300,000 against the Soviets, Russia's demands on Finland include: 1—The Soviet- Finnish border between the l/s Gulf of Finland and Lake La- iU^ doga to be moved about 25 miles farther north of Leningrad, second largest Russian city. 2—Finland to lease Russia a small area near the entrance to the Gulf of Finland, probably Hangoe. 3— The "exchange" of islands in the gulf, probably Finnish Hogland, Lavansari and others. 4—Finland to disarm fortified positions opposite Leningrad. 5—The Soviet- Finnish non-aggression pact to be "reinforced." Russia would cede Finland an area north of Lake Ladoga twice as great as that lost by Finland opposite Leningrad, and would drop objections to Finland's fortification of the ^ Aland Islands. !>' F t T~s •Pctsamo^ •jPV ^M ^ ^ ,# •&• j Murmansk % i 4\ %<! G7S f LTornio **» v !> <"i*4" .:i- -X. JJ ^/v S\ O )\ \ 'Vaasa £\ W ILL Russia (pop. 170,000,000) force her demands on Finland to the point of war? Is Russia ready for war? Most experts answer "No" to both questions. But Russia has a strong force concentrated around fortified Leningrad, gateway to the traditional route for invasion of Finland. The Soviets have made many startling moves in recent weeks; the next surprise might be the marching orders for those men. Russian control of the entire upper Baltic might force Germany to nullify that success by seizing Denmark and control of the narrow passages leading from the North Sea into the Baltic. The German navy has been in complete control of the Baltic during this war, as in the last. That she will tolerate a Russian menace to her supply route from Sweden is not likely. 11 \ Gulf of Bothnia "Pori /^ Abo JgKv. Lake ( Ladoga iKronstadt" .Leningrad" STALIN CANAL] y^? ji.~^- Sfockholmi rail inn DAGOE Baltiski 1HOGLAND N SOVIET RUSSIA JL IGOTA CANAL0T f —' Gotebors' =k OESEL GOTTLAND [DENMARK^ THE SOUND] GREAT BALTIC Sfxi .Mernel.. X LITHUANIA "x. fMINE"?TELDST- y-^ ri'r^rn Gdynia 1 fKIEL CANALl Kaunas / Vilna iHEgpOjCANDl FMinsk Wilhelmsh avert |Cuxhaven I Bremen Swinemuende* Q UICKLY after the fall of Poland, Russia made vassal states of Estonia (pop. 1,120,000), Latvia (pop. 1,950,000) and Lithuania (pop. 2,500,000). Estonia granted special military rights on the islands of Dagoe and Oesel, naval rights in Baltiski, and trade concessions. Latvia gave Russia the right to build naval bases at Windau and Libau, air bases and a coastal artillery base. Lithuania admitted Russian garrisons on her soil and agreed to allow Russian fortifications along the Lithuania- Germany border. Lithuania got back her ancient capital of Vilna. These Russian successes greatly damaged Germany's position in the cast. The question in Berlin became: Is Russian friendship worth the price? t o Hannover Berlin Poznan Magdeburg o \ Warsaw % Munster Map on Mercator's. projection, northern areas slightly distorted-. Distances frorhi Minsk to Murtrtansk about 1050' miles. Minsk to Kiel about 700 miles. (Every Week Magazlne^Priutad la O, a.
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