Fayette County Leader from Fayette, Iowa on April 10, 1958 · Page 5
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Fayette County Leader from Fayette, Iowa · Page 5

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Fayette, Iowa
Issue Date:
Thursday, April 10, 1958
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Page 5
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ID T9S8 THE DRIVER'S SEAT Like most American elections, the one involving Frank Wood and Martin Green included a lot of speeches, much handshaking and two different points of view. Wood, who looked somewhat like Abraham Lincoln, was the incumbent. Green, who also reminded voters of Abraham Lincoln, liked to give speeches. Wood also was a fair hand at talking to the people. "I believe my record in office is an outstanding one. During a period when the cost of living haa gone up 8 percent, I've managed to reduce taxes 3 per cent and reduce the cost of government. "During a time when employment by government bodies has increased 4 per cent, I have managed to cut the payroll of our government by 6 |per cent. "But an enviable record to which I point is the one involving highway safety. During a time when the death toll on the nation's highways was increasing by 6 per cent, I have managed to reduce the death toll here by 17 per cent. Traffic injuries are down 38 per cent," Wood told the voters. "You're living in a police state," Green would tell the same voters. "No longer can you enjoy the freedom of the highways. At fanl.-istic cost we have a growing body of policemen who do nothing but prowl our roads and lay in wait for unsuspecting motor- isls. Break the speed law — even a little bit — and you're in jail or paying hard-earned money to some rich judge." The campaign went pretty much like that. Wood had a good record as far as reducing taxes, government employment, and highway fatalities were concerned. Green knew he didn't have a good argument against his opponent's record of reducing taxes and employment. And he really didn't have a good argument against the reduction in highway accidents. However, he felt h& had a good argument the way his opponent had reduced accidents. "Yes," Wood would admit. "Maybe my methods of reducing highway accidents aren't popular. But they are effective. We do save lives." "There are other ways to save lives without cracking down so hard on motorists," Green would say. In (private, he would confide that he felt certain that the area's "oppressed" motorists would vote against Wood. Wood won the election. But his margin of victory was not an overwhelming one. Just as Green discovered that most of the voters — motorists included — want to reduce accidents, even if it means strict enforcement, Wood discovered that there are many motorists who don't care. But Wood was not disappointed. "Ten years ago voters wouldn't even have highway safety a campaign issue, lot alone vote for it. Today, it is very much a campaign issue, and people asking for votes better have a good safety program thoroughly mapped out and ready for presentation. Just like labor leaders want to know a politician's feelings about unions, safety groups want to know a politician's feeling about highway safety. It's a national issue, and it's up to the voters — the people in the driver's seats — to get what they want." 'New' House-Old Site Remodeling Solves Problem ATTENTION HOUSEWIVES Every Home has a place where a Rocker or Straight Chair can make the room complete. We have them in many styles and coverings to select from. We also have some choice patterns in wall paper at prices to suite your needs. Delsing Furniture INTRODUCTORY OFFER save Poo every gallon with aH fbo advantages thai made SPRED SATIN famous • So oon to apply • Drift hi 10 mlnutti • No unpluunt odor • Touch-up* •ant ohow • N* bnnhmuk* • No thinmn to buy > Wllhituid* wtiMni. MraUtaf • MM onion oovw In ono out • Ctun up with water PUIS HWM 3 new advantage* • Lowly km-«h«n Ibtloh • Botlor idheronM for woodwork • Moray Moh for kttchom, Mhnom* ta my •NNMtard ro«rfy-mlx«<l color. Sal* end* 0Uf.PrlcofA.40gd.) TRY .V $E49 OW t& GALLON NOW SAVE ON QUARTS, TOO $|79 (Hog. rrico $1.10 qk) ••••§MMI • •••"me AIL-PURPOSC 5PRED LUSTRE 4ucN>«uum New easy way fo select colors NwCfeokwl* Odor" book ro* Hw woy yo» loll Koto. Toko* Ifco coJoro, Miko, •oor oovorinai. Vow SKIP f ATM •odor w« •« v»or oo»vonlo«l AT YOUR QUDOiN DtALER'S UNDERSTANDING IOWA CHILDREN By Lloyd Lovell CHILDREN'S SOCIAL PROBLEMS NEED EARLY ATTENTION (Physicians and dentists frequently admonish us to visit them at the first sign of trouble. Early detection often means an easier — and less expensive — remedy, they say. Similarly, teachers often feel that special attention paid to a beginning social or academic difficulty can eliminate the need for more extended and more complicated help later on. Parents often wish that certain undesirable habits of their children could be nipped in the bud. One of the problems, of course, is in trying to tell which buds are the ones that should be nipped. Unfortunately, there do not seem to be any hard and fast ways of telling whether a given activity will always lead to serious trouble and whether [another always represents a passing phase. The meaning of a given incident depends on many complicated factors in the child's world. Some of us have done things Which if long continued would have led to trouble with the law; yet we are reasonably res/ponsible cKizons now. Even we responsible citizens occasionally wish we could change something about ourselves that might have been nipped in the bud if someone had noticed it in time. Borrowing from the observations of others can help us judge the seriousness of a behavior; if many normal youngsters have done it, it may not be too far- reaching in its effects. Talking with teachers, Scout leaders, or others who see our child in a setting different from his home can be helpful, since they can enlarge our perspective of 1he child's life and behavior. It can help, too, to try to understand why the child behaves in a given way, to look at what he is trying to accomplish by his action. Sometimes we can help the child discover more effective ways of accomplishing his needs, and sometimes we can even help modify his needs. And we can recognize that some behaviors need not be a cause of worry. Fayette Variety Remodel or tear the old house down to the ground and build anew? This is a problem faced by many owners of old, outdated houses, particularly farmers who can't move away to new locations, or families who don't want to leave the friendliness of a familinr neighborhood. In the case of Dennis F. Haines, of Haven, Kans., the answer was remodeling, since the old house occupied the best site on his wheat farm and was in sound structural condition. As the "before" and "after" photographs show, remodeling changed the awkward-appearing house into a modern-lookin;; home, giving greater comfort and more space, plus the conveniences of up-to-date living. The total cost was less than a third the price of a new house ol comparative size. Principal structural changer; included removal of an upstairs wing, enclosing one front porch for a kitchen, and another pore!for an office. The house was given a complete new look by reroofing i' with a deep shade of asphal shingles to make it appear lower, and choosing a color for siding that harmonizes with the new roof. Haines specified asphalt shin gler:, since they had given year of trouble free service on the old house and are available in a wide choice of colors. To bring more light into Old house, bottom, became "new" house, top, after it was remodeled by its owner, Kansas wheat farmer Dennis Haines. New roof of asphalt shingles and new windows of ponderosa pine help give the house its modern look. downstairs rooms, new windows of ponderosa pine were installed all the way around the house. These are stock units consisting of a wide pane of fixed glass above modern hopper windows which open for ventilation. Windows upstairs were flanked with louver shutters of ponderosa pine to make them look bigger. Other new features included a new heating plant, central air conditioning, a modern new kitchen, and complete interior redecorating. The remodeling was designed by Arthur B. Campen of Peoria, I;.., modernization consultant and remodeling editor of Practical Builder magazine. Clean-up Needed Now To Protect Fayette County Elm Trees Fayette County folks who want to protect their yard and streets against Dutch elm disease should clear away all dead or dying elm wood before April, says County Extension Director M. C. Wangsness of Fayette. He says Plant Pathologist Malcolm Shurtleff of Iowa State College reports sanitation is the important action against this disease now. About 100 plant technicians, city officials, park commission- ers and others attending the recent Dutch Rim Disease short colfse at Iowa State College believed that preservation of these trees primarily depends on get ting rid of all dead and dying elm wood or branches each year before the carrier beetles become active about April 1. The clean-up is primarily to reduce the beetle population. These beetles are in dead branches and wood now. The dead material must be burned. Care in pruning the trees is essential. Pruning that leaves slow-healing wounds on the live trees will lay them open to more troubles in future years. Shurtleff pointed out that all pruning should be clone by the three-cut method. This assures a smooth cut flush to the parent branch or trunk with no tearing of bark or wood below. In this method a cut is made on the bottom side of the dead limb about 2 feet u/p from rhe limb's junction with the trunk or parent limb. The second cut is made on top about n foot down from the undercut. This double cut causes the limb to break off clean leaving a short stump. The stump is then sawed off fluch with the truck or parent limb. The place where the limb was cut off is then dressed with asphaltum or similar tree-protective paint. The growing part of the tree can then heal over this place quickly. Selection of properly informed tree trimmers or surgeons is vital. Shurtleff says. The short- course group last month dis- cussed the advisability of enact- iiu; state or local regulations for licensing qualified tree trimmers. The group adopted no specific recommendations on this point. Until such licensing action is t a k e n, interested individuals must take the responsibility of seeing that tree trimmers do the work properly. Dutch elm disease is likely to cover most of Iowa in the next (5 years, Shurtlel'V rdports. It will not wipe out all elms. Its spread can be slowed by sanitation and by keeping elm tree generally healthy and vigorous. There is a large amount of dead and dying wood in Fayette County trees now as the result of the drouth in recent years and, in some cases, as the result of neglect, County Extension Director Wangsness points out. This wood, if not removed and burned, provided breeding grounds for the beetles which carry the disease-causing fungus. By removing this "point of entrance" Fayette County may save many of its shade trees, he says. FARMERS ARE ASKING I bought calvos last fall and have wintered them. Should I sell lliem now or feed them out lo sell as fat cattle next fall? Extension Economist Fancis Kutish, Iowa State College, says relationships between feed, prices and fat cattle are likely to remain sufficiently favorable to warrant feeding them out. Is it possible to spread commer- cial fertilizer now when ground is frozen without losing much of it from wind or water erosion? Agronomist Joe Stril/H. Iowa State College replies: Winler application of fertilizers on frozen or 1 irf ht -snow-covered ground should be limited to essentially level land. On sbping land, even with gocd grass sod.-;, row eon- to'.irs or strip-cropped areas, application of fertilizer on frozen ground should be limited to sopes of 5 'percent or less. All nitrogen fertilizers are comple.ely soluble in water. If water movement occurs because of melting snow or rain that cannot percolate into the soil, nitrogen will at least be moved if not lost. The amount of run-off would determine not only the amount of movement or loss of nitrogen but of phosphorus and potassium as well. Is stilbesirol still recommended to feed io both Heifers and steers in the fattening lot? Extension Animal Husbandman Tom Wickersham, Iowa State College, answers: Yes. Beef heifers and steers both respond in rates of gain and feed efficiency when fed stilhestrol iu a fatten ing ration. There is. of course, no advantage in feeding stilbesirol to heifers which are to he kept for breeding—as in a -1 II purebred heifer project. The value of .stilbesirol is for reducing costs of gains and increasing rates of gain on cattle being fattened for market. What's the besl way to get rid of rats? V/hiuh poison bail is the most effective? Entomologist Kiirle Kami, Iowa State College, suggests using anti-coagulant or Warfarin-like poisons. There are ,-,e\eral of these on the market today. Mix the poison with dry cereal bait — usually corn meal or rolled oats. Then put the mixture in bait stations and place one or more of them in buildings where you think there are rats. Check the bait stations each day. It takes 3 to 10 days for the rats to die. You will see few dead rats around. They usually die in secluded spots. Once- you have started a war on rats you should clean up all harboring places for them. Also keep out some pernui nent bait stations. Thi.s way any new ruts moving in will be killed before they set up housekeeping.]] Remember, Raun warns, to keep the poison in bait stations because it can kill other animals if they eat it. What breeds of hogs and order should I consider in a commercial hog production program? Animal Husbandman Ralph Durham, Iowa Stale College, suggests the following possibility: Poland China, Lnndrace, Duroc and Hampshire and repeat. There are other breeds which may be substituted. For example, Yorkshire could be used in place of Landrace and Spotted Poland China in place of Durco. Also, Berkshire could be used in place of Poland China. It is important to get good boars in the breeds you use. Can I profitably feed more of my wet corn to my dairy herd producing grade A milk? Extension Dairyman Donald Voelker, Iowa State College, replies that it requires more high- moisture corn — total moist weight—to get the same? energy value as from dry corn. Corn is a little economical this year because of a good grain lo-milk price ratio. For these two reasons, feeding more corn would seem to be more economical. grasses fhat aren't desirable in a home lawn. And Bass pnir.t; out that you'll get fewer ;•( u ,1 r pound. K ; example, Bass says, a poun I of Kentucky bluegrass contains over 2 million seeds. A pound of ryegrnss gives you aoout 226,000 seeds. To get best results, you should I uy only lawn grass mixtures thai contain sufficient quantities of Kentucky bluegrass and other permanent grasses to give you a long-lasting, beautiful turf, Bass advises. He says a good lawn mixture .should consist of 70 to 75 percent Kentucky bluegrass, 15 to 25 percent creeping red fescue, and no more than 5 to 10 percent common rye-grass. Bentgrass or Poa trivialis rnay be subsiltutcd for some of the fescue. Uass says that 50 percent Kentucky bluegrass is the very minimum amount for an acceptable lawn mixture. The difference between 75 and 50 percent bluegrass should be made up with creeping red fescue, he adds. Checking the label before you buy lawn grass seed is important, Bass stresses. He says a survey made laslt year showed that only about one-fourth of the lawn mixtures sold in Iowa contained 75 Ipercent or more permanent grasses. Only 43 percent contained 50 percent or more permanent grasses. liass emphsized further that only 1.4 percent of all grass mix- tuivs offered for sale coritained 70 percent or more Kentucky bluegrass. Just over 15 percent bad 50 percent or more of this grass. Bell-Brand Farm Supply Phone 145 Fayette, Iowa Check Grass Seed Label Fir«t, M. C. Wangsness Advises When your're buying lawn grass seed this spring, check the analysis label first—then look at the price tag. Extension Director M. C. Wangsness says Louis Bass, seed authority at Iowa State College, advises shopping for the right mixture—not the lowest price. Low-priced grass seed mixtures frequently are expensive in the long run, Bass declares. Often such mixtures contain considerable amounts of large-seeded, Test Oat Seed May Save Money For Fayette County Farmers About one-fifth of Fayette County's oat producers may be planning to plant seed next spring mat will cause them future loss u! profits and sales. County Extension Director M. C'. Wangsness says that a .seed- r survey researchers made tew seasons ago showed that about one out five samples contained 'primary noxious weed seeds. Test made in 1956 by the Iowa Stale Department of Agriculture indicated that 46 percent of the Iowa Seeder boxes sampled contained primary or secondary noxious weed sucds. It was also found th.it 21 percent of the samples had one or two kinds of primary noxious weed seeds. LeRoy Everson, head of the seed testing laboratory at Iowa Suite College, says farmers aren't very concerned about waal's in their oat seed. Over M percent of the seed planted is produced by the farmer for his own use or purchased (from a neighbor. Most of this seed is not tested. JJut, Everson warns, by planting sued that has not been tested, farmers are saving pennies and losing dollars. The best seed is relatively inexpensive compared to the overall cost of production. He believes total cost of preparing the land, fertilizing, planting, harvesting and selling makes Hie cost of good tested seed worth the few extra cents in the beginning. By having seed tested Fayette County farmers can avoid risk of ^pending added dollars in the future spraying and cultivating to stop growth of weeds planted along with low quality crop seed. Evurson adds that it doesn't pay to plant untested oat seed in the belief it won't make any difference because you will use the product for feed. You may be cutting yourself out of later profits. If you should plant another crop in the field next year, and primary noxious weed appear in it, you may be forced to spend dollars to have them removed, you may even be forced to sell the crop at a loss. FAST DELIVARY PHONE 160 McLeese-Leytze

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