Garden City Telegram from Garden City, Kansas on July 1, 1971 · Page 7
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Garden City Telegram from Garden City, Kansas · Page 7

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Garden City, Kansas
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Thursday, July 1, 1971
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Page 7
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Over the Backyard Fence By ELSIE BRANDEN Finney County Extension Home Economist Whether you call it a cookout, barbecue or 'fry, turkey's great eatin' for the Fourth of July! There's a great lineup of meats for the outdoor cook to try his hand at. Try turkeys for your Independence Day cookout! They are plentiful this month. ' ; This regal bird goes just great with the tradition of barbecuing. And it's especially good if you find yourself with a house full of hungry guests. The meaty birds are easy to fix on the outdoor grill, and their tantalizing smell is a great stimulus to hearty eating! To barbecue turkey pieces, select a (broiler 1 turkey weighing 4 to 6 pounds, and have it split in lengthwise halves or quarters. Break drumstick, hip and wing joints to keep birds flat during broiling. Wash turkey pieces, pal dry and keep very cold until time to cook. Slow cooking and frequent basting are essenltM for getting a rich flavor right down 4o the bone, i Your basting sauce should -have a fairly thin consistency and can be applied with a Jong-handled brush or by means of a cloth tied to the end of a long stick. Brush turkey pieces generously with barbecue sauce, then lay on the grill above glowing coals with] skin side up, to begin with. Keep the coals very low so the bird won't scorch or cook on the outside before it is done near the bone. The grill should be at least 14 Inches from the heat source. Turn the pieces frequently, brushing with sauce each time, to in- tureieven cooking. Allow 2 to 2Va hours' cooking time — leaving ample time for the sports-minded to work up turkey-size appetites. The turkey is done when meat on the thickest part of the drumstick cuts easily/and there is no pink color visible. Another test for doneness — drumstick should twist readily out of thigh joint FOR FOOD BOUGHT IN RETAIL STORES Farmers' Take Drops Some on winig out of shoulder joint. Serve immediately with baked or foil-grilled potatoes, salad or raw vegetables. The gang will really "come and get it!" If you had in mind cooking a whole turkey on the rotisserie marinating the bird first is a trick to remember. This type of cooking is fun, for you can socialize while the bird is "turning itself" into a delicious meal! A 4 to 8-pound turkey is recommended, allowing 2Va to 3'/ 2 hours of grilling time. Check instructions for your particular rotisserie arrangement for some have a limited weight capacity. To prepare marinated bird for the spit, insert rod through center of turkey body cavity, paralled to backbone, running it through center of neck skin. Insert one spit fork or skewer firmly into breast, and the other into tail. Tighten, screws, securing with pliers. Flatten wings over breaist, and tie twine around turkey to hold them close to the body. Tie legs together in back of spit so thighs are not pressed against body. Dark meat will cook faster, and this also makes for better balance of turkey on spit; Bird must balance perfectly on the spit so it will rotate smoothly throughout cooking period and reduce wear on the motor. Readjust spit fasteners until it balances. Insert a .meat thermometer into thickest portion of thigh or breast, being careful not to touch bone. Place spitted turkey on rotisserie and start motor. Turkey should be C to 7 inches from source of heat for best cooking. Brush turkey occasionally with additional marinade. Continue to barbecue until thermometer registers 185 degrees F. Whatever type barbecue equipment you have, you will find that lining the bottom surface with heavy-duty aluminum foil will provide best results for grilling turkey. Heat reflects upward to make the fire more intense. Use more charco.il briquets than you normally would for steaks and arrange them deeper, working slightly to the rear of the gril. WASHINGTON (AP) — Prices received by farmers for food Americans buy from retail stares were slightly lower in May than in the previous month ainkJ 2.4 per cent below the year ago level, the Agriculture Department reports. The retail cost rose four- tenths of one per cent laist month to a level 1.4 per cent albove that of May, 1970. Prices paid by buyers rose for most farm produced foods, fresh vegetables showing the largest increase. Elggs showed the sharpest price drop. Increases for beef were just about offset by lower prices for pork. The gap between the retail cost to buyers and the farm value increased nine-tenths of one per cent in May, with sharply wider spreads for eggs and vegetables accounting for most of the increase. The farmer's share of the consumer's dollar spent in retail stores was 38 cents in May, the same as in April, but two cents lower than it was a year earlier. The farm-retail spread is an estimate of the total charge for assembling-, processing, transporting and distributing foods. Retail cost and farm value are computed from current prices for a fixed selection based on average quantities of farm originated foods purchased annually per household in 1960-61. Price spreads in May for some major components of this selection showed a gap of 38.2 cenlts between what buyers paid amid farmers received. That was 3.5 per cent narrower than it was a year ago. The pork gap was 38 cents in May, or 1.6 per cent smaller than last year's. The milk spread in May was 23.4 cents, Or 2.4 per cent wider than the year ago month and^the gap between what the farmer provided for bread ingredients and the retail price per pound of bread was 23.4 cents, or 13.6 per cent greater than last year's. The lettuce spread was 25.4 cento, 27 per cent wider than a year ago. Tomatoes cost retail buyers 25.4 cenite more than farmers received for them, a whopping 41.6 per cent wider gap than in May, 1971, but the egg gap narruwed fouir per cent from >a year ago. Al's" Corner VIP Visits Lot Near Great Bend GREAT BEND, Kan. (AP) — The Japanese ambassador to the United; States, Nobuhiko Ushiba, was to visit the Walnut Hill feedlot near Great Bend this morning before continuing a (helicopter tour across western Kansas. Ushiba's itinerary included stops at a farm near Paradise, one near Russell, and the Far- Mar-Co Grain marketing facilities in Hutchinson before attending a dinner-reception in Hutchinison tonight. Gov. Robert Docking and Sen. James Pearson, R-Kan., Announce Amendments on CCCs Commodity Regs were also .expected to attend the Huitchinson event. Ushiba's tour was initiated by Pearson. The Japanese official said that since arriving in the United States last September he had wanted to see the Kansas wheatfields. 'Kansas is very famous in Japan for Its wheat," said Ushia. Ushia told an airport new® conference at Wichita Wednesday thiat Japan will be purchasing 70 per cent more in farm products annually from the United States before the end of the decade. Japan which purchased $1.2 billion in agricultural products last year amid is the largest importer of American farm products. The U.S. Department of Agriculture todiay announced amendments to Commodity Credit Corporaitton loan regulations on coitton, grain and similarly (hamidleid commoditiies which will permit producers to enter into 'oontraicts to sell these commodities without loss of eligibility for loans. The aimiendmieinits provide itihiat a producer shall be eliigi- blie for loans if he enters into a contract to sell, or give an option to sell, bis commodity if, under the conitract or option, he retains control, risk of loss and title to the coimmodiiby. Loan reigulateomis previously providled that commodities which producers agreed to sell were inieMgiMe for loams even though the producer sti! retained tiitte, risk of loss, and control. This restriction has tended to hold down marketings amd has limited the producer's freedom to agree to sell his com- modiity at the best price ob- taiinia'ble, USDA offiieials explained. The manner in which loan collateral is released to the buyeir remains unchanged un- diar the <new regulations. In the oaise of grains 'and siinnilairly handled commodities, loam collateral wil be released only _.,— the written request of the producer and written authoriza- &an. by *he county office of the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service at the time of the release. In the case of cotton, a producer who gives written release of hits warefaious* receipts to a buyer or other person to wtom hie transfers his stocks moist present ttiie release to the ASCS counity office within 30 days. The county office as in the paisit, will mot release OCC's security interest in the loan collateral unitM the loan has been repaid. By ALBERT MADDUX Finney County Extensiion Agricultural Agent Watch out for insects . . . Grasshoppers are building up in various parts o£ Finney County. Some high populations have been observed or reported and we have received a number of calls about grasshopper damage to gardens in the past week. Now is the time to spray Hie weedy margins around your garden or spray the fence rows, road ditches, or field margins around corner or milo fields. Use Wz Ib. actual toxaphene per acre or 1 Ib actual chior- dane per acre in these areas.!-—— ---.-*- , Later, after grasshoppers move 10 would be pasture, grass- into the fields a complete spay, land, or range Three acres ing will be necessary for con- would be divided between trol. For field sprays use sevin woodlands used for gra/ing and at V2 to 1 Ib actual, malathion as a site for the farmstead and 1 Ib actual toxicant or diazinom roads. Ib per acre. Toxaphene and You would run livestock on chiordane can also be used \™ acres of rented or leased but the forage including silage land. Half would be extend, cannot be fed to dairy cattle or pasture, and range and the rest beef cattle being finished for would be woodlands, slaughter Dividing all livestock siaiugMer. L biological problem. You had * * "* one-fourth of a dairy cow that Check your sorghum fields produced 2,287 pounds of milk for greenbugs. j n the year. The beef cattle No serious infestations have ne rd of 1.8 head dropped three- been found in Finney County foui'ths of a calf, while your • J.I_ _ 1 n _J. A.n«i nl A. rtf llr/M-klrf llll.t It 1 - ^ 1 -1 t-.._ «.!«*M /*V*J small milo can be serious if not controlled. * * * What do you think of average figures? Sometime they can be interesting, but mean very litlle. here is an example . . . If we were all farmers and all land used for farming in this counitry were divided equally among U.S. families, your fam- ly's stare would be 27M> acres, with a 1970 market value of $4,086. About nine acres would be cropland (you only planted six acres to crops last year) and U^,V.*l .J.U-V<-"** •*•" •*• *-""— ^ — — — -& J.UIH UllO \fj, (*• Xr>t*lJ.« 1»*.***^ J Vfc»*. in the last couple of weeks but i one hog had two pigs. Only a buildup of greenbugs Open 13-Mile Section Of Interstate Route TOPEKA, Kan. (AP) — Thir teen miles of Interstate 35W north of Wichita was to opened to traffic today. Much-Despised Chaff of Wheat Plays Vital Role Finland supports 91 newspapers with a combined circulation of 2.2 million. Success Is Home-Grown i Most successful '• farmers and ranchers f|nd their opportunities in the same place they were born and raised • - or perhaps s mill or two down the road. Sucoris h s crop we like to cultivate jet the Land Bank Association' • - and it's bsr.t if it's home-grown. BEACON BOOSTER? ed spring favors to all rest The Beacon Boosters 4-H Club home residents. met May 10 alt the 4-H BuM- ing. Thirty-four members answered roll call by naming a flower. Sandy Todd led the group in singing America. Lama Brinkmeyer gave a L7YNDBA1MK 1106 Garden City. Kansas 67844 4-H Club Notes Kansas is winding up another bountiful wheat harvest .and undoubtedly aU the farmers and combined operators have sworn at the clouds of chaff that irritated their eyes and tlirfciat and madle their skin itch. Their town and city cousins have probably not given the entire matter a single thought. Yet, a Kansas State University plant scientist, Dr. Iwan Teare, toaa found tfoat anyone who grows wheat or eiate bread should be thankful for the chiaff health talk on poisonous plants, and Patty Fillmore presented a project talk on sewing. The members discussed their annual club tour which was scheduled for June 21. Elaine Mayo and OhafdMl Myers led recreation. Refreshments were served by the Myers, Husband and Vanniaiman families. Projects which have been meeting are the rabbit, Gardening, sewing and cooking. Beacon Boosters has been represented at all livestock judging, contests thiat Finney Counity has attended. At the Hays contest, Steve Mayo was the high individual of 671 judges. During the week before the meeting, members of the health committee and the advanced foods project made and deliver- Beacon Boosters also met June 21 >at the Fairgrounds. Members spent the afternoon touring the projects of several members. They visited many 'animal and garden projects, on the heads of grain and the job it doss in producing food for the world and wealth for Kansans. Chaff is the average man's collective term for four separate plant parts which surround wheat kernels. These four plant parts are known scientifically as glumes, lemmas, paleas, and awns. It has always been thought that-tiie main purpose of chaff is to protect the wheat kernels. However, Teare, who came Garden City Sale Co., Inc. STOCKER-FEEDER I CATTLE SALE ! I ' ' Estimating 500 Head Friday, July 2 and ended the tour at the Ronald Scott farm where they had a picnic and homemade ice cream. Next meeting will be July 12 at the 4-H Building. Chardell Myers, reporter. Time to Sign for Swim Classes It is time to sign up for the second session of Red Cross swimming lessons. Those who are enroled in the first session but who did not register for the second session may do so by calling the Red Cross office. Students who are not in the program now but who wish to join in the second session must register, with a parent, at the Red Cross office, 317 N. 7th. Classes are free and cover all phases of water safety instruction, from beginning swimming through senior life-saving. Second session will begin the week of July 12. Hardin Makes Bid To Hog Producers WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretory of Agriculture Oiififord M. Handin hais expressed hope that hog raisers will carry through on bneiedtag herding reduction plans as A wtay ^to sitrenig'tlhen hog prices amd income for farmers. Hwg producems repointed June 24 that they farrowed a 1 per ceait sima'ler pig crop in the six months ittoough May and announced intentions to trim the June-November pig crop 8 per cento. But 10 Corn Belt elbaites, which last Miarcih talked .about farrowing 15 per cent fewer sows this suimmer, mow intend an 11 pier cent cut back. Hardin sadid in a statement he hopes "this doesn't mean that farmers are revising their pork production plans upward. It is important for farmers to continue plains to larrow substantially fewer sows in order to improve hog proces." He remind'ed farmers that a year isigo they were receiving $25 too $26 per hunidTiediweighjl for fed hogs but that a large increase in 1970 spring farrow- ings -caused a sharp boost in marketings of finished hogs, forcing average prices at majoi markets down to the $15 to $16 ramge by year'® end. The government came to aild of disitrieissed pork producers with record level pork put- chiases for school lunch programs. 121 „ «. .... MM lOOOtOT «vi» 425 butcher hogs AS tteckfr «id feed* WE WILL STAY OPEN AHD HAVf OUR REGULAR SALfi DURING THE' HARVEST SEASON ,t j HOG 5ALI STARTS AT 11 A.M. j, liny »•*• •"I** i r For fteHwr.MmMHi*. U*" * _ . KIUL • 7:45 a M. Tues. thru Fri. ^L . Al_ __ _ _ M 4t:....• *M_UdMMMl*P. ?Tll|By I 43 where crefltt is duel from Washington State Univer- ity in 1969 to join the team of »lant, air, water, and soil dentists in KSU's new Evapo- ransipiration Laboratory, has ound in his research that the Lemmas, paleas, glumes, and awns carry on highly significant amoummts of photosynthesis vhich contribute directly to ;rain yields. Photosynthesis is the process >y which .plants convert sun- ight into plant material. Dur- ng photosynthesis, sunlight enerpy strikes chlorophyll—the green coloring in plants—which an turn uses the energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into carbohydrates, including grain. Oxygen for breathing by animals is the toy-product of photo- synitlhesis. Oxygen and water are discarded by the plant through stomatia which are microscopic openings in the plant surface. The number o£ stomata amd the chlorophyll-containing area in a particular section of the plant gives a rough indication of the amount of photosynthesis that takes place there. By usinig a 150 magnification microscope, Teare carefully counted the stomata in the lemmas, paleas, glumes, and awns of wheat varieties. From these data he determined the resistance of the wheat hoad to carbon dioxide diffusion per unit of chlorophyll-containing tissue. He found that the glume and awn areas were 100 per cent effective for photosynthesis, the lemma was 63 per cent effective, and the palea just 17 per cent effective. After determining the photosynthetic area of the wheat head in 30 wheat varieties, he checked average grain yields for the varieties. It came as no surprise to Mm that in most oases varieties w'th the highest amount of phofosyntlietic area in the head also were the highest yielding varieties. The reason is simple. When carbohydrates are manufactured by photosynthesis, they must be transported to a storage area in the plant. In wheat most of this carbohydrate storage is in the grain. Highway Director John Montgomery said that with this segment, Kansas has 710 of its al- loted 820 miles of interstate routes open to traffic. The section extends from Interstate 235 at the north edge of Wichita north to K196 in Harvey County. The four-lane freeway provides traffic interchanges to serve Kedii, Valley Center, Furley, Sedgwick and the terminals at K196 and Interstate 235. The new segment has two m I four-temliis of a sheep roamed your pasture. You had 6.4 hens and picked up 113 dozen eggs. You produced 58 broilers but only 2V4 turkeys. You had $460 worth of livestock and poultry on hand as you began the year and owned $211 worth of crops. Machta- safety rest, areas south of the Seclgwick-Barvey County line with paved! parking areas, drinking water, picnic tables and heated restrooms. Grant to KU Doctor For Math Institute TOPEKAi, Kan. (AP) — Dr. Leonard E. Fuller of Kansas State University has been granted $83,322 by the National Science Found'ation to plan and conduct a 1972 summer institute in mathematics for secondary school teachers. The U.S. Office of Eduoation has alloted $156,919 to the Kansas Department of Eduoation for a program to develop a comprehensive information •system. The Economic Opportunity Foundation has been given $19,773 by the Neighborhoods Service System to aid job training and placement for low income persons. ery and motor vehicle investment totaled $671. Your 27Va acres grossed $1,068 for the year, but the net was only $316. * * * Each year motorist drop 16,000 pieces of trash on each mile of primary highway in the U.S. The national clean-up bill amounts to nearly SI billion, including an estimated $500 million to taxpayers for litter clean-up of public areas, and the same for littaar removal from private property. 'There's a safety aspect, top. Each year no persons die in litter-fed fires. Every 12 minutes a house is desfrc-yed or damaged by a trash-bred fire. * * * Average rainfall in the U.S is approximately 30 inches. Where does this water go? Twenty-one inches return to the atmosphere by natural evaporation and that three leches of the remaining nine inches are withdrawn from streams a»d the ground. Of those three Inches, only one inch is "consumed." The remaining two inches are used and return in some form to streams that reach the sea. Dr. M. D. Ntetftn Chiropractic Office) •11 Mai* «orden CHy Hwm 8:30—5:30 Thm-Sat. Snug as a buy?! Probably not yet, if you've just moved in. Perhaps your Welcome Wagon hostess can help to ease the confusion. Call her todayl In Case You Desire Order Buying Services either buying or telling—contact Jerry Chmelka, 276-7293 , Every farmer or rancher deserves a dependable source of credit like any other businessman. This is the basis on which the Production Credit Association was founded nearly forty years ago. How do we feel today? Exactly the same way. Qualified farmers and ranchers, leaders in the agricultural business around here, know that the PCA believes in giving credit where credit Is due. Melbourne is the capital of Ihe Australian state, Victoria. STOP IN OR CALL HEINOLD ^COMMODITIES TIKI »*•*"/ CALL 276-9131 424 N. MAIN FOR MOST COMPLETE UP-TO-DATE MARKET INFORMATION Cattle, Hogs, Porkbelltes, Eggs, Grains, Lumber, Sugar, Silver JOHN H. DOHOGNE, Gen. Mgr. STU BIGELOW. MGR. 424 N. Main Garden City. Kansas 316-276-9131 JACK MeVICKER. Mgr. Stagecoach Motel Lamar, Colorado 303-336-2767 I SEE YOUR PCA MAN I GARDEN CITY Production Credit Association Home Office—8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday thru Friday 276-7686 212 Milter Ave. Gardm City Field Offices As Indicated: leori—€very Thursday 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Dighton—1st and 3rd Tuesday 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. Are You A Bindweed Grower? Weil Don't Be! USE DA GAMINE 9 ECONOMICAL EXTRA EFFICIENT Because of its slower t^pklll Daeamine gives a better reet kill that a 2, 4-D liter. • IROAD SPECTRUM • CONCENTRATED Daeamine is a ell selMble water, emulsrrefcle concentrate, combining kerb the nM'VellteMllty Of OfflllM flRQ fm9 OffQCflVMWM Of 98*91% Diamond Shamrock Corporation DEINES AEROS PRAY 276-2849 or 275-4400

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