Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on February 16, 1942 · Page 1
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 1

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Monday, February 16, 1942
Page 1
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World-Wide News Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Press Star The Weather ARKANSAS — Cold wave Monday night and hard freeze in the north and central portion. Freeze in the extreme south portion. f~ 4-1 \ %': /OLUME 43 — NUMBER 106 Star of Hopo, 1899; Press, 1927. Consolidated January 18, 1929. HOPE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1942 (APJ—Means Associated Prtss (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Ass'n PRICE 5c COPY Subs Attack West Indies A •o Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN ^ Singapore — an American Defeat Control of Pacific Is Lost It will bear repitition to once more remind Americans that 'while the property was British, and Britishers were its tragic defenders, now all unhappily killed or captured, the true burden "of Singapore rested upon the United States; and therefore the final surrender of this great sea base to the Japanese yesterday goes down in the book as an appalling American defeat. For we have definitely lost control of the Pacific. •—— •— &' This much was agreed upon, anc' Japs Celebrate Fall of Great Singapore Base mblishcd, at the "Atlantic Charter' nceting of President Roosevelt and 'rime Minister Churchill last sumner: That England would conccn- rnto her naval forces in Europear waters, while we looked after the Pa- Only cific. And, in the last analysis, il wa British Told That Far East Citadel < Lost to Enemy TOKYO-OT—Japan celebrated the conquest of Singapore Monday, a tremendous achievement giving her the key to India and Auslralia and possible conlrol over the vital supply route 'to embattled China. Even an official warning that the war still was far from won and that great sacrifices and struggles lie ahead, failed to hamper rejoicing over the blow to the British and Allicc strategy. The official announcement of the Citidel over which the British flag hac Waved for 123 years, said surrender was complete and unconditional. Domci, Japanese news agency, said .the British Jtprccs compru><sd l .JD.OOO. 'men. ' "These included campaigning forces, fortress guards and vountcccrs, made up of 15,000 of the British mctropoli- tian forces, 13,000 Australians and the remainder Indian forces." { There are a million inhabitants in Singapore including 100,000 British, the report said. It was announced that 1,000 members of the British garrison would serve as auxiliary police forces to .maintain order until the Japanese •troops, who entered the city at 8 a. m. Monday, could complete occupation. The remainder were said to have laid down their arms at 10 o'clock Sunday night and would be taken to prison camps as soon as possible. I The importance of Singapore and the effect of its fall on Ihe fulure course of the war in the Pacific was emphasized by Colonel Hideo Ohira, chiei of the army press section, in a broadcast: ''Passing of the Brilish slrongholc •into Japanese hands," he said, "no only slrikes a blow to' Allies but impedes communications between territories in the Indian and Pacific oceans Japan is in a position to conlrol tli fale of India and Auslralia." > Premier Tojo told the Diet thai Ihe fall of Singapore marked Ihe occupation by Japanese forces of all bases of the U. S. and British, used alledg- edly for encroachment on cast Asia. He reiterated Japan's Far East plan. Japanese Renew Drive, Capture Rich Oil Center Allied Bombers Blast? Enemy Ships as Japs Land on Sumatra BATAVIA —(/Pj— Savagely battered Japanese troops captured Palen- bang, center of southern urther agreed thai if worst came to worsl Ihe both of us would look aflei Mr. Hitler first, and lake on Japan il some lalcr dale. Bui Ihe Japanese, slriking bard anc lust, have brought aboul the "worst' immediately—and the loss of Singa pore now tells us in words of fire tha America controls nothing bcyon Pearl Harbor, 2,400 miles off the Call fqrnia coast. Whether the Navy can rescue Gen cral Douglas MacArtTiur from his isolated pin-point in the Philippines- further from us than Japan herself is —only naval men are qualified lo say. Bui Ihe fall of Singapore slops wilh bloody period Ihe idle sentences of loose-lipped congressmen and others who talk about reinforcing MacArthur. Now it is a question of saving him. Now it is a mailer of the American people finally waking up to the fact that we are at war, and against numerous and daring and dangerous enemies—who thus far have steadily defeated us. Now it is a question of the American people taking stock of themselves, jet the English tend to their own problems. 'Let Americans quit wor-, 'ying about what the English will do o Churchill because some German battleships escaped from Brest. Lei us confront our own problems—anc our own government which is chargcc with the responsibility for adequately Handling them. Nothing about this war has been Handled right so far. And it is time somebody caught hel because of it. Perhaps there are too many white- fingered gentry pounding typewriters in Washington who ought to be get- Col. Adamson Asks Hearing on Underpass Text of His Letter to U. S. Engineers Released by Hope C. of C. Hope Chamber of Commerce has ust received a carbon copy of a let- Ler written by Lt.-Col. Keith F. Adamson, commanding officer of the Southwestern Proving Ground, to Lt.- Col. Thos. F. Kern, U. S. Engineer, requesting a meeting of U. S. and state highway engineers to consider Col. Adamson's request for the construction of a grade crossing of Ihe Missouri-Pacific Iracks in Hope. Col. Adamson's lellcr follows: 'LI. Col. Thomas F. Kern Corps of Engineers United States Engineering Office Gay Building Litlle Rock, Arkansas "My dear Colonel Kern: "It it my understanding that the need for an underpass for the tracks of the Missouri Pacific Railroad a Hope, Arkansas, which would permit traffic moving from the City of Hope to the Soulhwcslcrn Proving Grounc should be inilialed by me as Commanding Officer and I, therefore request that a hearing be called by youi office for the purpose of justifying anc developing the subject al Ihe hearing I, with representative citizens of Hope will be only too glad to present thi reasons. "This Proving Ground is located on .i.i,L\.M mu uvui 11I&III. UUJ5U UUIIOI1 OL I „ TT . , ,. T n n 1 .11 • 1 • decades of patient building by natives, ft"^ Highway No M and this road , Sumatra Monday, but allied planes inflicted great devastation on thousands of invaders who swept aside strong Dutch resistance. Two Japanese cruisers and five transports were blasted by direct hits by American and Dutch and British planes, striking in the Bangka Strail. One cruiser was set afire. The Japanese, following a parachute invasion, continued lo land in force Monday. Bombers and fighters of the United Nations took strong action against the Japanese ships on the Musi river where a breachcad was established Sunday. Anticipating the invasion on the 1,00 mile long island the Dutch ap- ilicd the torch Sunday to the vast il fields and installations which sup- )ly half of the East Indies oil. Oil Facilities Destroyed Black smoke from flaming tanks •cfincries and docks hung over the jattle areas. The damage was said o be Ihc greatest inflicted by man on lis own properly and probably exceeded 100 million dollars and repre- ] sen ted the overnight dcslruclion of ling themselves dirty working at a machine job making something fighting men can use. If Washington doesn't produce something besides radio oratory in the ncxl few monlhs Ihc people are going lo demand the firing of half the civilian employes of the government and their Iransfer lo production. Obviously we have lost, during 10 years of "panic-remedy" legislation, the art of mass production thai was America's gifl lo Ihc world, thai was America's proudest boast, and her surest national defense. Bui we'll gel il back—if God gives us lime . . . j * * -K By WILLIS THORNTON When Five Agree — v Briton Told Little LONDON-!/! 1 )—Britain still heard from its loaders Monday only the bald facls so comburly lold lliem Sunday by Prime Minister Churchill thai 'j "Singapore has fallen" but unofficial i '.information indiuatcd its defenders < ''surrendered only after they suffered \ heavy losses and shortage of water, ( gasoline and food. ; Last official message from Singa; pore's commander Lt. Gen. A. E. The main forces of seaborne Japanese invaders seemed directed from the squat island of Borneo which lies lo the Norlheasl. The Borneo rim has been occupied almost completely by Ihe Japanese. It appeared possible that some troops might have been released from the battle at Singapore which fell to the Japanese Sunday. Japanese planes far to the cast bombed small places in New Guinea for an hour, killing four and wounding five others. Government building and houses suffered heavy damage, Other enemy planes fanned out on reconnaisance and light bombardments of olher sectors. The fighting continued unabated in the southern Celebes island to the east of Borneo. In the nearer Celebes Peninsula on which Macassar was destroyed a Japanese unit was ambushed and lost two officers and from 30 to 40 men. The Dutch suffered no casualties. Point Toward Java The seizure of Palenbang pointed another grave threat at Java—richest island in the 3,200 mile Archipelago and scat of the United Nation's command. Pelcnbang is bul 269 miles from Batavia and only 20 miles of water —the slrail of Sundra—separates Sumatra from Java. Its occupation likewise imperiled 'orces in central and northern Sumatra which is believed lo be fairly wcl! ;arrisoncd. The object of the Japanese was the ich oil fields and prompt destruction by the Dutch held the enemy foi six months at least for fuel ncedec First Pictures of U. S. Attack Upon Japs at Gilbert and Marshall Isles —NEA Tclcphoto from Pcilhc Ncwsrool \f .x*!**.- , -—-BW* ». -, ,s*j»^?r™«^(«**^ x^^,^'^m^mmsf^^j^ss^^^.,^^^:^ , Smoke rises high in the sky above Wotjc Atoll fa lowing U. S. Navy's surprise attack on Marshall and Gilbert Islands. This picture, first lo reach the United States, was taken from a cruiser that shelled the island. \ (Continued ou Page Four) Cranium Crackers February Facts In addition to thi; birthdays of ') Washington and Lincoln, and February thaws, the shortest month boasts other notable events. Stoke your intelleculal fires with these questions. 1. On Feb. 3, 1917, President Wilson sent a note to the German . embassy which was a prelude to a war declaration. What was the note? 2. Who published on Feb. 5, 1802, what song containing ^the phrase "the grapes of wrath," a (•, composition which became a marching-religious song? 3. The only American to win the Nobel Prize for literature was born Feb. 7, 1885, in Sauk Center, Minn. Name him and two of his novels. 4. The man indirectly responsible for the Great White Way, jukeboxes and horse operas was born at Milan, O., Feb. 11, 1847. Who was he? 5. Free Soil Democrats, Whigs , and political independents met at •' Ripon, Wis., Feb. 28, 1854, to form what political party? Answers uu Comic Page No country ever did, and no country ever can, enter a war with a guaranteed, gold-edegcd, warranted' blueprint in hand of just what life is going to he like after the peace. War on the modern scale is a tremendous, all-out effort which so deeply scars and marks national life, that no country can undergo il unit e- mergu unchanged. Chance we cannot prevent—all we can do is to influence to some extent the direction of the changes. Unless the war is won, it is not too much to say that America has no future at all. So winning the wai comes first. That does not mean that we should meet the peace without a thought of what is to be done then. Unprepared- ness at that point might result in a "Pearl Harbor of the Peace" that would be no less disastrous than luck i of readiness proved at Pearl Harbor itself. It happens that many minds are at work on this phase of preparedness. Five detailed studies have been made of the prospects, and to a remarkable extent they all agree on the general to feed its fclet and planes. The arct also supplied the United Nations will much of their oil. Allied planes gave all possible sup' port to the Dutch land forces, th high command said, adding that trans ports and barges used in landings 01 the marshy waterfront and Mangrove swamps were under continuous bom hardmcnt. : only important and hare surfaced road which loads lo the es tablishment and the only gate in the fence system which will be kept open and under guard is the one into which Route No. 29 leads. The Southwestern Proving Ground will lest ammuni-^ tion of all forms except small arms, but including bombs and components thereof for the loading plants in the ollowing states: Mississippi, Louisina, Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Kansas, Nebraska, Missouri, Iowa and ossibly a portion of Tennessee. The hipments lo the Proving Ground will jerierally be made by truck because iiost samples will be of small bulk ind weight and because of the neces- ity for speed in tesling normal rail acilities will not be aplicable nor atisfactory and express facilities would be prohibitive in most cases >ecause of the Interstate Commerce Commission rules and regulations on he handling of explosives on pas- ienger trains. "All such shipments will have to pass through the Cily of Hope and cross eilher on a grade crossing or on an underpass Iwelve or more sels of Iracks in Ihc immediate vicinity of he Hope Railroad Station. It is not relieved thai such a hazard can be justified. "The slaff of this post will consist of approximately 1,000 civilian em- ployes plus some thirty or more Officers and possibly small numbers of enlisted personnel. While the Officers and the enlisted personnel will generally be quartered on the posl practically all civilians will cither live in the Cily of Hope or will have lo pass through it in order that they can reach Ihc Proving Ground and unfortunately this traffic will be concentrated at aboul 8 a. m. and 5 p. m. Three fatal accidents resulting in the death of four individuals have taken place al this crossing during the past six months and because of the handling of the freight it is practically impos- 4 Tankers Hit, Oil Refineries Are Attacked Aruba Island, Guarded by U. S. Forces, Is 700 Miles From Panama WILLEMSTAD CURACAO, Dutch West Indies— (IP)— In the first land attack of the war on the Western Hemisphere an enemy submarine shelled oil installations Monday on the U. S.-Garrisoncd Island of Aruba, about 700 miles from the Panama Canal and torpedoed three tankers off' its coast. A fourth tanker was damaged near the Aruba harbor, 75 miles to the east, but did not sink, Aneta, Dutch news agency reported. Both Island, sites of the largest and sccod largest oil refineries in the world, are guarded by American, troops cooperating with the Dutch. Aneta said only slight damage was done to the refinery of the Standard Oil Company, target of the submarine shells o Aruba ad there were no casualties on the island. The number of causalties among the anker's crew was not immediately earned. Road Group to Meet at 8 p. m. To Discuss Raising of $1,500 for Oil There will be a meeting rjf the committee to raise $1,500 for the Patmos road at the Chamber of Commerce office at 8 o'clock this Monday night, Chairman John P. Cox asks every member of the committee to be present. They are: R. C. Ellen, R. L. Gosnell, Herbert Burns, A. E. Stonequist, Vincent Foster, C. V. Nunn, and Garland Darwin. Maine and smoke belch from guns of a United States cruiser as they thunder mighty salvo at Wotje Island •while warship in background moves into battle position for attack on Gilbert and Marshall Island.s (Continued on page four) Oil and Gas Filings (Continued on page four) Hempsrccid County Kfb. 10, 19-12 Pit-pared by Jcwclle Burllolt Deed, dated 2-14-12, filed 2-1G-42, Ethel M. Bcmis to E. P. Young. Lots 11 & 10, Block 1, Hillcrcst Add., Hope, Arkansas. Assignment of O. & G. Lease, dated 2-9-12, filed 2-16-42, 160 acres. Don C. Matthews lo Sunray Oil Company. SEVi See. 2, Twp. 14 S., Rge. 26 W. O. & G. Lease, daled 2-11-42, filed 2-16-42. Edna W. Linaker, el vir to Roy M. Mays. NEVi NEVi: S'i; NEVi Sec. 4; WV. NWVi Sec. 3, all in Twp. 13 S., Rge. 23 W. 202 acres, 10 years. SPG Head to Speak to Hope Kiwanis Lt. Colonel Keith F. Adamson, commanding officer of the Southwestern Proving Ground, will address the Hope Kiwanis club in their noon-day _ __ _._... luncheon meeting Tuesday at the to H. A. Smith. Pt. SWVi SEVi Sec 2-W-42. Midland Federal Savings & Loan Association to C. A. Robertson, ut ux. Lol 7, Block "B", Carrigan Addition, Hope, Arkansas. Warranty Deed, dated 2-42, filed 2-16-42. J. R. Williams, et ux to B. D. Brown, el ux Lots 13, 14, Block 6, Cornelius Heights Addition, Hope, Ark. Warranty Deed, dated 2-14-42, filed 2-14-42. Howard Collier, et ux to Riley Lcwallen. W Pt. NEVi NE'.i; NWVi NEVi Sec. 13, Twp. 13 S., Rge. 24 W.; SW Pt. SEVi SE',i Sec. 12, Twp. 12 S.. Rge. 24 W. 63 acres. Warranty Deed, dated 2-14-42, filed 2-14-42. Riley Lcwallen, ct ux to Howard Collier, el ux W Pt. NEVi , O. & G. Lease, dated 2-10-42, filed I NEVi; NWVi NEVi Sec. 13, Twp. 13 S., 2-1G-42, 160 acres, 10 year. W. F. Arnett Rge. 24 W.: W.; SW Pt. SEVi SE"i el ux to Pure Oil Company. E',i SE'.'j Sec. 29; Wi NEVi Sec. 32 all in Twp. 12 S., Rge. 23 W. Quitclaim Deed, dated 11-24-41, filed 2-16-42, 32.50 acres. Lillian Ron ton Hotel Hery at 12:15 Dr. H. T. Shull will introduce Col. Adamson. Senator James Pilkinton has been appointed by J. E. Hamill, club president, as chairman of Kiwanis' speakers bureau to furnish information on war conditions to public meetings. Senator Pilkinton will announce members of his committee at the Tuesday meetig. G, Twp. 11 S., Rge. 24 W. Quitclaim Deed, dated 9-4-41, filed 2-14-42, 7.13 acres. E. S. Monroe to King Witherspoon. Pt. NEVi NEVi Sec. 28, Twp. 11 S., Rge. 25 W. Warranty Deed, dated 11-20-41, filed 2-14-42, 4 acres. Pearl C. Stewart to W. C. Anderson, et ux Pt. SWVi SW'/i Sec. 36, Twp. 13 S., Rge. 25 W. Corporation Deed, dated 2-3-42, fli- See. 12, Twp. 12 S., Rge. 24 W. 63 acres. Warranty Deed, Oil, Gas & Mineral Royalty, daled 4-26-41, filed 2-14-42. T. J. Dillard. el ux lo T. J. Caldwell, et al. E',i NEVi: E'.i NEVi Sec. 10, Twp. 12 S., Rge. 27. W. 120 acres Undivided Vi int. Quitclaim Deed, dated 1-7-42, filed 2-16-42. 40 acres. F. Y. Trimble, et al to Annie E. Allen. SWVi NWVi Sec. 13 Twp. 12 S., Rge. 25 W. Warranty Deed, daled 2-14-42, filed 2-16-42. Annie E. Allen to U. S. A EVi NWVi Sec. 13, Twp. 12 S. Rge. 25 Scout Leaders Training Class Begins 7:30 p. m.; Every Monday Night for 8 Weeks At Hope- High - School gymnasium 7:110 o'clock this Monday night, the Boy Scout leaders will begin a training course, which will be each Monday night for eight weeks. The training course this time has been geared to the actual training of Boy Scout leaders. Heretofore, the training courses in Hope have been for a general picture of scouting and designed to arouse enthusiasm. But with everybody attuned to the war effort, the course this time will be for intensive development of Boy Scout leaders. This is in line with the Boy Scout program of being prepared for any and every emergency. The Boy Scouts of America realize that every American wants to do his part, and this lr:ii»ing course is designed as an answer to that feeling. The Buy Scout work in Hope needs more leaders, and this training school opening Monday night gives every person attending an opportunity to riaster the principles of leadership lecessary in the Boy Scout work. The program will be varied by the ectures, games and manual features, so that every person attending will let a well-rounded idea of scouting. Glenwood Publisher Is Visitor in Hope Charles A. Price, publisher of Ihe Sen. Chandler to Be State Guest Arkansas Now Raising Her Share of Democratic Debt Kentucky's colorful Democrat, young, ambitious Senator A. B. "Happy" Chandler, has accepted the iuvi- U'.lion of the Democratic National (Continued on Pase Four) Glenwood Herald, Clarence Jenkins, member of his organization \vere week-end visitors in Hope, IN ALL YWf? QLO EDITIONS (/$££> TO MAP Sen. A. B. Chandler Committee in Arkansas to attend the Washington Dinner lo be held in Little Rock on Monday night, February 23, and to deliver an address before party leaders at a dinner which will climax this year's drive for funds throughout Arkansas in support of the Democratic party. The announcement of Senator Chandler's return vis- j it to Arkansas has been made by Joe N. Martin, assistant stale finance director of the Democratic National Committee and state chairman of the Washington Day Dinner. As a special recognition to each of Arkansas' coun- Little Action on Libya Front British Believe Hitler Ready for Middle East Drive By the Associated Press Pending the next phase in the battle of Africa—which may be Adolf Hitler's surprise—fighting in the Mediterranean zone was marked by reports of patrol clashes in Libya, fierce air action and an Axis assault on a British convoy. Rome announced that Axis air and sea forces sunk a British destroyer, patrol boat and seven merchantmen in a 3-day attack on a convoy. The Italians admitted that one oi their submarines was missing in that bailie and thai British bombers hit a Augusta, Saraycuse and Florida. Axis airmen continued lo hammer Malta. The Germans said 15 British planes were shot down over Yalta and Northern Africa. In land action the British announced patrol contacts with Axis forces over a wide front in Libya from the coastal area west, of Ain el Gazala to about 40 miles southward. It was indicated the Axis may be preparing for a drive against Tobruk or to outflank it again in Ihe thrust eastward. In Europe the Russian offensive continued unabated and British bombers overnight blasted at docks in St. Lnzaire seeking out light warships which helped Ihe German battleships which escaped from Brest through the Dover Straits. City Election on Tuesday Only One Alderman Race Listed on Docket » Voters of Hope will go to the polls Tuesday to cast their ballots in only one contested race, the aldermanic post of Ward 3 in which Ross Spears, incumbent, is opposed by Edwin : H. Stewart. All other candidates are without opposition. They include, City Attorney, E. F. McFaddin; Clerk, T. R. Billingsley; Alderman, Ward 1, E. W. White; Ward 2, Jessie Brown; Ward 4, Dale Jones. Voting places follow: Ward 1—Tom Kinser's Cotton Office. Ward 2—Courthouse. Ward 3—55G Service Station. Ward 4—Hope City Hall. No Feeling Because they are formed of the outer skin, which has no feeling, the nails, claws, hoofs and horns of animals have no feeling. (Continued on page four) Bulletins WASHINGTON-(/P)-The Federal Works Agency announced Monday it luul authorized construction of 8,045 homos for war workers in ten defense ureas, in accordance with findings of housing needs previously announced by President Roosevelt. Rufe B. Newman, Jr., special assistant to administrator in charge of construction, was assigned responsibility of erecting 200 demountable units ut Hope, Ark. Roy Anderson Taken Home From Hospital Roy Anderson, president of Hope Chamber of Commerce and well known local insurance man, returned to his South Main street home Sunday after several days' treatment in Julia Chester hospital for an aggravated case of lumbago. He was I visiied over the week-end by his Cotton By the Associated Press NEW ORLEANS Close March 18.52 May 18.66 July 18.79 October 19.04 December ' 19.08 January 19.12 NEW YORK brother, Mack Anderson Rock. March . May July October December of Little January I Middling spot 20.12. 18.48 18.61 18.76 18.83 18.90 18.49

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