Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on February 12, 1942 · Page 5
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 5

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Hope, Arkansas
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Thursday, February 12, 1942
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Page 5
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, M>marv IS, 1*42 i' j.. i .'-ii*-. HO>1 «.* Farm Forces Win in Price Control Bill Congress Votes for Bureau Backed 110 Per Cent Parity Clause The price control bill is now a law m the form approved by the Conference Committee of both houses of congress. In its final form, (he bill provides that no farm price ceiling ninv be imposed below 110 per cent of parity, or below the actual price on October 1, J941, or below the actual price on December 15, 1M1, or bel ow (he average market price from 1919-29 It also contains the Bankheml Amendment which provides that no ceiling may be placed upon n farm commodity without prior approval of the Secretary of Agriculture. A strong fight developed on a motion by Congressman Jesse P. Wolcotl of Michigan to send the bill back to conference with instructions to house conferees to insist upon striking the licensing millionty from the measure mid to insist on restoring provisions for an appeal board. This motion was lost by a vote of 209 to 189. Vote on the final passage of the bill was 288 to 119. The Banltheiid Amendment was one of the most controversial issues in the entire bill, and it was bitterly opposed by Leon Henderson and the Administration. However, the farm forces won out afler n long struggle. HOM, ARKANSAS Shifts Industry to War Work Job of converting U. S. factories to wot- production and assigning priorities goes to James S. Knowlson, president of. Slewart- Wnrner Radio Corp., who heads industry operations division of Donald Nelson's VVPB. COMFORTED WEAR Dickie's fits you in your size. Sanfor- ized, full cut, and comfortable, these superior work clothes wear longer and give lasting satisfaction. Thou- f».-;, sands have enjoyed extra ser- Ea? vice and economy in Dickie's. „ FT. WORTH TEXAS W« Have u Complete Stock DICKIE'S Shirts & Pants McDowell's HOPE i* NOW RE~ADY... WAR BOOK Complete strategy maps of every war theater, together with background and illustrated material compiled by war experts of The Associated Press at home and abroad. 16 pages — some in color. ORDER NOW FROM HOPE STAR TOc Per Copy The American Farm Bureau Federation backed this amendment with every force al its command. A long drawn out battle took plucc? in conference committee. After the ! ?nate had adopted the Bankhead Amendment, co: lition of Senators from the dairy, beef cattle and cotton areas forced through an amendment (O'Mnhoney Amendment) set- ling up a new "emergency wage parity" standard for figuring parity on farm commodities. The Farm Bureau did not support his amendment; neither did Senator Bankhead. II would have resulted in raising the parity figures for all farm commodities by aboul 20 per cent. President O'Neal of the A. F. B. F. said. "We do not favor any change in the parity formula for basic commodities at this time. We recognize, however, the need for re-examination and adjustment of the parity goal for some commodities, especially beef c-uttle, wool, dairy products and some fruits and vegetables. We believe, however, that the situation with respect to each commodity should be studied and treated on its merits so as to bring the parity goal for these commodities to a comparable level with the basic crops." The O'Mahoney Amendment was eliminated by the conference committee. However, the beef cattle and dairy callle farmers and producers of other non-basic commodities are protected by a provision which permits the Secretary of Agriculture to adjust the parity prices of any commodity which i.s out of line with the parity prices of basic commodities. Furthermore, no price ceiling can Iv mposed on any commodity which would interfere with tho operation of marketing agreements. In addition there is nothing in the Bill which prevents the Secretary from setting price ceilings at more than 110 per cent of parity, should he find it necessary to announce higher ceilings in order to secure additional production. The Farm Bureau won everything it fought for in Ihe bill with the exception of having wages included in the bill. 11 was simply impossible to get this provision in, due to the almost universal opposition among se- tors and congressmen. Because it lacks any provision for the control of wages, the Farm Bureau could not give complete endorsement to the bill. As far as agriculture is concerned, it does not provide adequate protection. But if in- flutionury wage increases do occur, it would seem lhal coiling prices on manufactured goods would have U be adjusted, and considerable inflation might result. As other prices advanced, farm purity prices would advance, too, and the result might be rathei bad. However, the farm forces die' everything in their power to have wage control included in the bill, and if inflation does result from unjustified wage increases, it can not be said that the farm forces did not try t<; prevent it. The Federation threw everything it had into the fight. The entire executive committee, consisting of President O'Neal, Vice-President Smith Secretary Blackburn, J. F. Porter Chester DuMond, Francis ojhnson and H. J. King, met in Washington and devoted a large part of their time to this issue. Other Farm Bureau leaders who went to Washington to help included H. L. Wingate of Georgia, Perry Green of Ohio, H. W. Brown of Missouri, Waller Randolph of Alabama and Ranson Aldrich of Mississippi. Much credit is also due to the loyal and aggressive help of stale and County Farm Bureau leaders who wrote or telegraphed their senators- and congressmen, asking them fo> their support. Fish Scale Flowers HAVANA, Cuba—Proving that almost everything has some use, tarpon scales are now being made into bright little bunches of flowers. Supply and demand docs not present a problem, for there are plenty of tarpoon to furnish the delicate translucent shell- like scales. In a rainbow range of colors, tho flowers are hand dyed and hand made, held together with thin wire. They are worn on dinner gowns and tucked into coiffures. Covers Lot of Ci round The British Empire, its protectorates and mamlules, includes 105 states and countries, covering an area of 13,539,000 square miles, or one-fourth of the world's inhabitable land area. More than one-fourth of the world's inhabitants, or 504,218,000 persons, ure in the Empire. —«.»•««- I'Ycncii Canal The Canal du Midi of France dates from 1081. It runs a HOO-milo route between the Atlantic and the Medi- terraneijn, from Bordeaux to 1|he region. Home Gardens for Defense More to Gardening Than Ordering Seed, Planting Producing an adequate supply of food for home use and a surplus to contribute to (he Good-for-Victory program, involves more than merely ordering seed and ploughing up the Em-den plot, Miss Fletcher, county home demonstration agent, advises Hcmpsload coiinty homemakers. H is a real managerial problem, Miss Fletcher declares, to dovetail gtirden- ing, milking, raising boby chicks, churning, and canning and drying fruits and vegetables into the family life schedule of cooking, laundering, mending, rearing children, and the other duties which must be crowded into a busy housewife's already too- full day. A work schedule, she points out, is the best known method of accomplishing this difficult task. A work schedule is similar to a budget. It is u plan for spending time wisely while the budget is a plan for spending money wisely. It is (he setting up of sland- ords rather than living by those set up by someone else. Good management is a furtherance ol the interests of (lie stale through furthering the interests of the individual or the family group. The results of good management may frequently be computed in dollars and cents, Miss Fletcher says. The making of a schedule of daily tasks and developing a routine for them makes for greater speed. Tasks whicli fall once or twice a week should be allotted space on the daily schedule. Such tasks as washing, ironing, churning, mending, and weekly house cleaning should have the needed several Hours set apart each day. Such a schedule is developed in Extension Circular No. 342, "Housekeeping Made Easy." The circular, prepared by Mrs. Ida A. Fenton, Extension economist in home management, University of Arkansas College of Agriculture, is available at the county Extension office and may be obtained free of charge by all farm homemakers, Miss Fletcher says. Move to Halt Alien Treatment Firing of Aliens Causes Headaches in Washington K.v JACK STINNETT WASHINGTON - Official Washington is becoming increasingly alarmed over the treatment of aliens through out the country. Reports of the firing of aliens and the refusal to hire them are pouring into Washington daily. On the West Coast, where; the Japanese alien population i.s thickest, reports that Jap vegetable growers are using a good deal more arsenic on their produce than is necessary to kill bugs; and that Jap and Italian owners of waterfront property are in a good position to signal enemy ships and planes is causing no end of trouble. In the industrial areas of the East and Middle West, aliens have been dropped from payrolls on no more evidence than that their names sounded foreign. The situation has become sufficiently important for President Roosevelt, Mrs. Roosevelt, FBI Director Hoover, Attorney General Francis Biddle, and his executive assistant, Ugo Ca'rusi, all to take cognizance of it in public pronouncements. A dozen or more minor government officials have joined them in trying !.o warn the American people that this sort of thing will lead only to Ihe kind of persecution for which we have so roundly condemned the totalitarian slates. In view of all this, a re-examination of the facts mny be in order. There •ire 5,000,000 aliens in our total population of 130 millions. Of these, about 1,100,000 are classified as "enemy aliens." But that doesn't mean that they are enemies of the United Slates or its Allies. It does mean that they are Japanese, German, Italian or possibly that they are suspect of being aligned with the quislings of Axis-conquered nations. The United States has been, to some degree at least, aware of the danger from these aliens for years. In the first place, there were the alien registration laws which placed a powerful weapon in the hands of the government in tracking down spies and •aboteurs. If it hadn't been for those laws, it is doubtful if the FBI could successfully have tripped that big Nazi spy ring operating out of New York and Brooklyn. The alien registration division of the Department of Justice, the Immigration Service, the State Department and the FBI have been working lor months on the classification of aliens. Yet since war was declared, less than 4.000 enemy aliens, hardly more than one-third of one per cent, have been taken into custody as "dangerous" and every one of these has been or will be given a hearing in open court before he or she is interned for the duration. However, to cast suspicion 011 the entire 1.100,000 "enemy aliens" because of the suspicious or subversive cats of about one-third of one per cent of their number is, says Biddle, to follow in the footsteps of the Axis in persecuting minorities, Carusi points out that the government is now doing everything it can to correct the impression that German and Italian aliens cannot now become American citizens. Some restrictions have been placed on naturalization of Axis aliens to give the government an opportunity to get at the subversive elements, but there is nothing to prevent a loyal Hi, Neighbor! rWl Federiro Mariscal, 2, salutes U. S. in New York. Senor Federieo A. Miiriscal, his dad, is new attache at Mexican ministry in Guatemala. German or Italian alien from filing his first or second papers at any lime. As a mailer of fact, many of them are doing so every day. As for the employment, of aliens according to Biddle, "There is only one restriction: in the ca.se of secret, confidential or restricted government •contracts, and in case of contracts for air-craft parts or accessories, the enemployer must secure permission from the head of the federal depart- •ment concerned for employment of aliens." Peace Treaty Now Aids Japs Fleet May Lurk In Isles Won at Versailles By MILTON BRONNER NKA Service Staff Correspondent In an unguarded moment in 19HI when the Versailles Peace Treaty was written in Paris, a huge spread of small Pacific islands, just north of the Equator, was given as mandated territory to Japan. Today American and British naval authorities hove a strong belief (hoi the bulk of the Japanese navy is skulking in those very islands ready to pounce. It is from there lhal aircraft carriers arc believed to have borne the ail-planes which made their surprise attack upon Pearl Harbor in Hawaii last December 7. It is from there that the Allies have to guard against future surprise attacks. In the partial naval disarmament treaties signed some years ago by the United Slates, Britain, Japan, France and Italy, it was agreed that none of Ihe mandated Pacific islands should be fortified. The United States Alone Alone Kent Faith The United States did not fortify Guam, Wake Island, Midway Island and its other small island possessions in Pacific waters. Japan is believed to have lied about its mandated islands, just as its ambassadors lyingly Hull while the Japanese navy planned to strike al Hawaii. Nobody was barred from vsiting American island possessions. But for years the Japanese allowed only Japanese to come to the islands or near them. They have forbidden foreign vessels sailing near them or airplanes flying over them. In their last report to the League they admitted that in over four years up to 1937 onl yone American, two British and two French vessels had been to any of the islands. The report said visitors to the islands were permitted when provided with passports with the prope Jap visa. The hitch always was that the visa was seldom forthcoming. Thus in tho whole year 1937, the only outsiders admitted were two East Indians, two White Russians, three Germans, eleven Norwegians, one Dutchman, six Filipinos and 37 Chinese. It is believed by Allied naval men that in the years since 1937 many of the islands have been fortified, with harbors enlarged, and stocks of gasoline, food, munitions and supplies placed on some of the bigger ones. They were thus made strategic points in any possible war. Indications of this are that the 1937 report admitted the establishment of 12 "meterological" stations—a very large number for islands whose ship- borne commerce was small. Believed Used For Pearl Harbor Attack The islands are in three chief groups from west to east being the Carolines and Marshalls with the Marianna group lying northwest of- the Carolines. They are scattered 2700 miles from west to east and 1300 miles from north to south. The Mariannas comprise 14 islands with a total area of 247 square miles; the Carolines, 549 islands with a total area of 509 square miles; and the Marshalls. 60 islands with a total area of G9 square miles. The captured American island of Guam lies directly south of the Marianna group, the attack probably coming from the island of Saipan. Yap, one of the most westerly of the Carolines, is the junction point 'of cable lines that run to Manila by way of Guam, to Shanghai and to Menado in tho Dutch island of Celebes. The Japs thus easily controlled those communications. The Marshall islands are 1700 miles southwest of Hawaii and it was from the island of Jaliut that the attack on Pearl Harbor probably came. East of the Philippines, northwest of the Dutch East Indies, north of New Guinea, which in lurn is north of Australia, and northwest of America's possession in the Samoan islands and Britiain's Fiji islands, il is evident the vast group of Japanese-controlled islands afford jumping off places in all directions. About FIntworms Flatworms have no blood, ' and branches of their food canals extend to all parts of their bodies. Each segment grows into a new complete worm if the original is cut into pieces. Blevins Mrs. Roy Womack of MurfreesborO has been the guest of Mr. and MrS. Womack this week, Misses Cicilia Hughes and Mary- Louise Keith of Hope were busihgffi visitirs here Wednesday of last Week. Mr. and Mrs. T. J, Stewart an^ son, Dwight. were Sunday afternoon guests of Mrs Charles Peachy and Mr. and Mrs. Ray Peachy in Prescott Mr. and Mrs. Olin England and son Larry, of Tyler, Texas were weekend: puests of Mrs. England's parents, • Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Brown. Friends of Mrs. Sam Benson will be sorry to hear of her illness. Valuable Water Each cubic mile of ocean water, according to estimates, contains S5,OOQ,'- 000 worth of aluminum, calcium, chlorine, bromine, copper, gold, ib*' dine, iron, magnesium, potassium,. radium, silver, strontium and sulphur.- WORRY OF FALSE TEETH Slipping or Irritating Don't bo emborrosed by loose false teeth, slipping, dropping or wabbling when you' eat, talk or laugh. Just sprinkle o little ' FASTEETH on your plates. This pleasant powder gives a remarkable sense of added comfort and security by holding plates : '" more firmly. No gummy, gooey, pasty taste of feeling. It's alkaline (non-acid).' Get FASTEETH at any drug store. BUY DEFENSE STAMPS AND BONDS Sparkling center diamond flanked by 4 side diamonds in the flower designed engagement ring, and 5 fiery diamonds in the matching wedding band. Gracefully designed matched, m o u n t i n.g ealures large fiery diamond in the engagement and complimentary diamond in wedding band. 10 Diamond Bridal Pair $2.00 Weekly 2 Diamond Ensemble $1.00 Weekly Shaffer Duel* Rogers Bros, eevav Fed. To* Inc. No Carrying Charges MAN'S DIAMOND RING $ J 150 Always tin emblem of success and prosperity. A good investment tudav. Next Door To The Rialto Theater ?1.UO VVEEK1A' •e-

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