World-Wide New. Corer«f • Civen Impartially by Auociated Preit VOLUME 41—NUMBER 18 Hope HOPE, ARKANSAS, F'RIDAY, NOVEMBER 3,1939 Star Congress Repeals Arms Embargo in Final House Vote Lower Chamber Follows Senate Action With 243-to-181 Vote MUNITIONS READY Supplies Pile Up on Wharves, Will Begin Moving Next Week WASHINGTON — l/1'i - President Hoooscvclt, expressing gratificalion at the .size of the majority by which the house showed that it approved the arms embargo repeal, asserted Friday he was gl;nl Die neutrality bill had restored the historic position o[ the neutrality oC the United States. In re.spon.se to a pre.ss conference request fur comment on the icgis- lation as it now stands, the chief executive disclosed that he would probably issue several proclamations under the new measure, once he has .signed it. House Completes Action WASHINGTON - i.V> — The house voted late Thursday to repeal the embargo on arms shipments to the belligerents of Europe, approving as did the Senate last week, the administration policy of "ensh-and-carry" sales. The 243-to-181 decision left the neutrality bill just short of becoming law. Remaining stages- of the legislative process, regarded generally us 'mere formalities, were expected to take no move than a day or so, with the hill becoming effective early next week. The seven Arkansas representatives voted with the majority. Supplies Made Avitiliililu The result of the action was to open America's vast supplies to the nations engaged in the European conflict. On dozens of Eastern seaboard jetties, woods failing into, the instruments of war category and particularly airplanes, wanted by the Allies, have been stacked up for days awaiting ac- lion of congress. Thursday's vote meant that soon they would be released for shipment. Before they can leave this country, title must pass to the belligerent governments buying them. Since the bill forbids loans or credits to governments at war, it requires that (hey pay cash. it requires that the purchasers furnish non-American ships for transporting their purchases across the sub- •niiirine infested North Atlantic. It forbids American ships to enter bcliger- ent ports in the European area or to ••-ail through "combat areas," still to be demarcated by President Roosevelt. American citizens arc forbidden to travel on belligerent vessels. Tlie bill means the Allies will have access to ihe arsena and granary of America, to the amost virtual exclusion of Germany, because the British fleet controls the seas. Neutrals May Be Active Some argued it was possible for Germany to receive American supplies llmnjgh her diplomatic allie.s, Russia and Italy. The law permils ship'ment of war goods or any other materials to neutral nations. The House, which last session passed a bill containing an embargo on "lethal weapons" but not on airplanes, decided earlier this week to refer the whole .subject to a senate-house conference to iron out the differences. The chamber had to decide the question of what instructions it should give its conferees. Representative .Slianley (Dem., Ct.t put in a motion to order them to demand an arms embargo. The House rejected this and the fight wa.s over. The conferees were to meet Friday morning. Everyone expects them to approve a bill closely following the .senate 'measure. The next step is for the senate and house to ratify the conference report. Then the measure goes to President Roosevelt for his signature. Administration leaders expected to have the bill ready for the president by Saturday night and to adjourn the special session. The only possible hitch in their plans Wiis the chance that extended debate might break out again m Ihe senate. There was still : , c |umce -admittedly .slendcr-of a filibuster against the conference report. Pendergast Police Chief Imprisoned O. P. Higgins, Former Kansas City Chief, Pleads Guilty KANSAS CITY, Mo.-(/T,_OUu P. ItiggiiLS, former director of police when Boss Tom Pendergast ruled Kansas Cily. pleaded guilty Friday to federal income tax cvesion. He was .sentenced to two years' imprisonment and was given five years nil n,l,:,1i,,,, ,,j, |[ lc tvcov . GHTER TheWWh«r ARKANSAS: Pair, colder, heavy t4 killing frost, temperature near freezing in north and central portion* Friday night: Saturday fair, not quite so .cold in west central nortions. PRICE 5c COPY Invention of Dynamite Financed Peace Through Swedish Nobel's Prize Awards InventorPacifist at Heart; Sought to Abolish Wars JLBRITISH * Elihu Root: Winner of Nobel Peace award for work both in U. S. and The Haeuc. Theodore Roosevelt: Honored by Nobel for his help in cmlinff Russo-Japanese Textbook Issue Is 500 Persons Hear Before Convention Arkansas Education Asso- Best High School String ciation Election Pend- Ba »d Winner of First ciation Election Pend ing Friday ^^r,,, m • t j Approximately 500 persons attended LITTLE ROCK-Two issues faced and o)d nddlo ,.. s coll(csl und musical members of the Arkansas Education progrom givcn at n opc city hM Thurs- Association as they prepared to vote day night ^^ progr . im W!IS spon . for 1939-40 officers and executive com- mittccmen from 11 a. jrn. to 5 p. m. Friday. Successful candidates will be introduced at Friday night's concluding session at Little Rock High School. Thc issues arc: 1. President Ralph B. Jones of Fort Smith said textbook companies, defeated in a legislative fight by association leaders last spring, arc attempting to gain control of the organization by supporting candidates said to be favorable to thc Sate Dc- parnncnt of Education. 2. Two members of thc Executive Committee said the principal battle will center about an effort to gain enough votes in thc committee to oust Miss Willie A. Law.son, executive secretary. Thc committee is composed of the president, vice president, recording secretary, treasurer, one member from each congressional district and the stale commissioner of education. Thc list of candidates given support by members of the StateDcpartmcnt ofE4ucation is printed first and candidates favored by department opponents arc printed second (right) in the ballot below: rrcsidcnt J. E. Howard Ben R. Williams Stuttgart Ashdown Vice President J. F. Wahl W. D. McClurkin Helena Blythcville Recording Secretary Miss Lcla Nichols Mrs. Guy Gardner Hot Springs Russellville Treasurer Crawford Greene John G. Pipkin Little Rock Little Rock Executive Committee—District 'i A. W. Rainwater J. L. Taylor Walnut Ridge Searcy .. Executive ConuiiitU-c—District 6 J. L. Pratt L. D. Griffin Malvern Carlisle Rank and file members of thc association interviewed agreed that any connection of candidates with the Department of Education was not sanctioned by the candidates. They said all were "educators and not politicians." Mr. Jones said thc cieparfment's "list" was selected because it contained names of candidates "more likely to be friendly." "All of them are good school men and women," Mr. Jones said. Mr. Williams and Mr. Smith were interviewed in the same room at Hotel Marion. Mr. Howard denied he was "an administration man." Mr. Williams .said his "record will speak for itself." "1 oppose the plan to 'make the gov- Education and of the Arkansas Textbook Commission," Mr. Howard said. "He later was named chairman of both. But I would have opposed the non. ^ nut permit the Department of .Education to dictate to me if 1 am (Continued on Page Four) Musical Program Place Award wed by the degree team of thc W.O.- W. lodge of Hope. Mayor W. S. Atkins delivered the welcome address and M. L. Nelson of Blevins acted as master of ceremonies. Judges were: Clifford Franks, P. W. Taylor of Hope, and U. G. Lcvcrctt of Blevins. Thc Blevins High School string band won the major award of $10. Second prize went to the Hope string band. Other winners: Best Piano Solo—Miss Wilman Jean Tale of Blevins. Best Quartet—Hope. Second prize went to Hope Gospel Tabernacle. Best Yoddlcr—Watson While of Prescolt. Best Comical Reading—Mickey Boy- ctt of Hope. Best Comical Song—Ernest Ridgdill of Hope. Best Trio—Hope. Best Tap Dancer—Vcrnon Simpson of Hope. Best Harmonica—AJvin Brown of Blevins. Best Ba.ss Solo—Bussie Lee of Prcs- cott. Oldest Fiddler—O. C. Story of Pres- cotl, age 80. Youngest Fiddler Best All-Round Dormrm of Hope, Monroe Grant. Fiddler— Melvin Mrs. Kelly Bryant Believed Improved Will Remain In Hospital Several Days, Husband Reports Condition of Mrs. Kelly Bryant, one of four Hope school teachers injured in an automobile accident 10 miles south of Arkadelphia Thursday morning, was reported to be improved Friday. Mr. Bryant, advertising manager of Hope Star and husband ol the injured teacher, telephoned the newspaper that Mrs. Bryant .spent "a fairly restful night" and expressed belief that her condition was improved Friday. It will be several days before she will be removed from the Arkadelphia hospital to her home in Hope. Mrs. Bryant sustained a broken ankle, and loss of blood. She also had a slight abrasion about the head. Mrs. Florence Sutton. her mother, and C. C. Bryant of Fuyettevillc, arrived in Arkudclphia Thursday night and are attending her bedside. Two other Hope teachers, Miss Ruth - -,.. ...^ j,.,..., iv, M1 ,., (vu lm - £o\ - Baylor iuicl Mrs. Roy Slephenson, also crnor a member of Ihe State Board of injured in thc accident, have been removed to their homes in Hope. A fourth teacher, Mrs. Roy Allison of Hope was riding in the ear at Ihe time ol the mishap, but wa.s not hurt plan no mater who had been "over- '^' lc llcc 'dent occurred when a car non. ° driven by Alfred Terrell and also occupied by Mrs. Terrell of Curtis, Ark., suddenly appeared on Ihe paved highway from a sideruad. Occupants of the .second ear were only slightly injured. Grid Broadcast to Begin at 7:57 p. m. Play-by-Play of Blytheville-Hope Game at the City Hall A telephoned broadcast of thc Hopc- Blythevillc football game amplified by loud speakers through facilities of Mills' Radio and Music store—will be brought to Hope fans Friday night at Hope City hall auditorium. A crowd of more than 500 persons is expected to hear thc play-by-play description of the game as reported direct from thc Blythcvillc stadium by Leo Robins of Hope over thc leased telephone wire. Admission to the auditorium will be 15 and 25 cents per person—except for those holding receipts issued by Mr. Mills. Several persons have already donated to the "broadcast fund" and have been givcn receipts which will entitle thc entire family to the broadcast. The broadcast begins at 7:57 o'clock —three minutes before thc opening kickoff that will send the undefeated Bobcat team against Biylhcville's 200- pound powerhouse. Coach Foy Hammons will send his pony backfield composed of Ellen at quarterback, Jimmy Simms and Charles Ray Baker at halfbacks, and David Colcman at fullback, into the lineup. The Bobcat line remains intact. The lineups, positions and weight: HLVTIIEVILLK HOPE Baxter, 175 Green, 190 Left End Johnston, 185 Culhoun, 2jf> Left Tackle Bennett, 105 Breeding, 1G3 Lefl Guard Godwin, 21(1 Bundy, 175 Center Paulk, 1!)5 Quimhy, 180 Right Guard Justice, 205 Simpson, 255 Right Tackle Warringlun, 195 Eason, Hid •Right End Hood, 165 Ellen, 162 Quarterback IVUiscly, 160 Baker, 1GO Left Half Lloyd, 1C5 Simms, MO Right Half Foril, Hi. 1 ) Colcman.lSO Fullback Nobel Drew Up His Own Will Giving Fortune to Foundation MAN OF NO NATION Nobel's Aim Was to Recognize Good Men All Over World EDITORS NOTE: The world will observe Armistice Day Oils ycnr, against a background ot war, another defeat for thc forces of c peace. This is thc third of a series ' of stories OH the men who have, carried on the peace fight through thc years despite interruptions like the present. By WILLIS THORTON NEA Service Staff Correspondent Alferd Bcrnhard Nobel invented dynamite and a whole string of thc explosives that were the ancestors of cordite, nitroglyccrin, smokeless powder, and the whole high-explosives armament of today. His explosives helped to kill men in all the wars of the past 80 years. But of all names in the peace move ment. his probably springs first to A Thought Troubles are often the tools by which God fashions us for better things. —H. W. Becehcr. CRANIUM CRACKERS Only one'of the definitions given aflcr each word is correct. Be carefull in making your selections. Some of the groups me confusing. 1. Humcrus: (.a) cancerous, tb> willy, let upper part of arm, (til ankle. 2. Lode: (;u ore deposit, <bi burden, (c) valuable gem, ld> mine. i!. Sconce: la) tea biscuit, (bi shelter, (ct scrawny person, (di intention. •1. Pique: (a) feeling of resentment. (b> observe slyly, lei summit, (ell take sudden interest. 5. Globule: (aI .sprite, (b) unit of measure, (el pole, (dl spherical particle. AiiMvrrs on Pi>:.'i' 'J'wu County 4-H Clubs Will Hold Annual Session Saturday Achievement Day Program to Be Given 'at Experiment Farm RIDER IS SPEAKER Champion Boy and Girl of County Will Be Given 4-H Awards The final plans for the annual Achievement Day program for all 4-H Clubs in Hcmpstead county, which will be held in thc recreation building at the Fruit and Truck Branch Experiment station on Saturday November 4, have just been announced by Oliver L. Adams, and Mary Claud Fletcher, county extension agents. Achievement Day, which is always held thc first Saturday in November, is observed throughout the nation, and by every county in Arkansas. On this day public attention is focused on the achievements of rural boys and girls throughout their 4-H club work, thc county extension agents said. Program at 10 a. m. Thc Hcmpstead county Achievement day program 1 will begin at 10 o'clock,' with Ray Glanton, president of the 4-H club county council, presiding. Ray is a member of thc Guernsey 4-H Alfred B c r n h a r d Nobel: Turned explosives profits to peace. mind because of the publicity that has been given to the "Nobel Prizes" he endowed for outstanding workers for peace. Nobel was a Swedish chemist and engineer. His key discovery was that when nitroglyccrin is mixed with an absorbent, inert substance, it is safer and easier to handle—this was dynamite. He patented this and other Hugh White, Nevada Surveyor, Is Dear CAMDEN, Ark.-Hugh White, 71, county surveyor of Nevada county, died at his hdm'e west of Camden near Rosston Wednesday. He had been county surveyor 44 years. He is survived by a Sister, Mlas Florence White of Rosston. Need Curb on War Profits-Pilkinton New Neutrality Legislation Fail toCover This Point, He Says Reviewing the lifting of the arms embargo and other neutrality-law- rcvision, as virtually completed by congress Thursday night, State Senator James H. Pilkinlon told Hope Rotary club Friday noonat Hotel Barlow that one safeguard against involving the United States in war has not yet been considered—the curbing of war profits. "Tliis is al-imporlant, and will probably be taken up at the regular session of congress which convenes in January," he said. "Curbing war profits is important because without such a curb business One of thc highlights of the program will be the announcement of the county champion 4-H cluo boy and the county champion 4-H club girl—the highest award that club members can earn in county competition. The boy and girl winning this year's honors had to compete with 875 other club members —the largest number of rural boys and girls that have ev*cr been enrolled in club work in HeVnpstead county. Another highlight of the program will be thc announcement of thc county championship club from among the 11 clubs in thc county, which is also the largest number that has ever been organized in thc county. Speaker Announced County Judge Frank Rider will speak to the 4-H club group on 4-H club achievement. S. E. McGregor, entomologist at thc experiment station, will take the group on a visit through thc bee hives; and Lee Garland, secretary of the Hcmpstead County Farm Bureau, will announce thc Dairy and Beef cattle contest being sponsored by thc Hcmpstead County Farm Bureau and ward 4-H club pins, furnished by thc Arkansas Fa tint Bureau Federation, to the county champion 4-H club bov and girl. At 11:30 o'clock thc club members will listen to thc National Achievement Day radio program, which will be broadcast in Arkansas over Station KARK, Little Rock. At 11:45, thc state Achievement Day program will be broadcast over the same station, on which thc state and district 4-H champions will be announced by W. J. Jcrnigan, state club agent, of the University of Arkansas College of Agriculture. Through the cooperation of R. P. t .—„ ....„ ....v. »..,-, iinuukii uiu i*">peianon ot K i combinations of nitroglyccrin with j Bowcn, secretary of the Hope chamber gun-cotton. He was also adept at the j of commerce, the Saengcr theater will conxirnrt,™ of naval torpedoes and , have all 4-H e!ub boys and girls at' tending the Achievement Day program construction mines. ^ AH the rest of his life he wa.s in- ' as their guesl. volvcd in lawsuits over these various patents. From the manufacture of these explosives and from exploitation of the rich Russian oil fields of Baku, he piled up a tremendous fortune. When lie died, by a self-drawn will Nobel left the bulk of his vast estates to the establishment of five prizes, to be awarded by u permanent foundation bearing his name. Nobel, despite his dynamite, was by conviction a pacifist; despite his vast fortune, he was half a Socialist. For outstanding work in physics, in chemistry, in medicine ,in literature, and in work for peace, Nobc! left prizes each of whose annual total is around $40.000. Makes Awards International An acre of ground contains 43.560 square feet. City of Flint Is Folio wed on the Coast of Norway Germany Pledges Safety of U. S. Crew Will Be Respected BRIT1SH~UNCERTAIN They May Not Become "Involved"— New Finn- Russian Crisis WASHINGTON-(flV-Thc German government gave the United States Friday formal assurances that the safety of the American crew aboard* the seized freighter City of Flint would be respected. British Near Sliip LONPON, Eng.-(/P)-Thc Britiaili admirably tersely disclosed Friday that its warships were within sight of the American freighter City of Flint, which is now slowly making its way in charge of a German prize crew to a German port, In what some observers interpreted as on indication that the British would avoid qu ' re . lts P">duction facilities un- Thc nc * f utrah y law will re- by foreign nations in cash . American production facilities Wean- ruiiiuurtui yiouuciion laciiuics 'mean- mu . r , — while have been overexpanded there «*;? v, u- ^ ga Z c no hint whether ,.,in !»„ i,.-™ j ornisn snips would at*j»mr>t ^r. !•„;,„ will be tremendous pressure on our t ne City of Fl government to relax the cash-pay- German port. ment restriction and permit sales on credit." "Credit sales mean war debts, with the double risk that we will not only fail to collect what is due us but will be drawn into the war," Senator Pilkinton said, pointing out that this was our experience in the 1914-18 war. In his review he said that the first neutrality law*was:' adopted . up 1P£5, was re-enacted in i936, and amended in 1937. It has been applied three times: In the Ethiopian war; in the Spanish civil war; and in the current European war. Features of the original neutrality law, he said, were: 1. An arms embargo—which is repealed by the new neutrality bill. 2. A cash-and-carry provision for all purchases here—this provision being retained by the new law. 3. Prohibition of lending money or extending credit to belligerents—this provision being retained also by the new law. Under the new law American citizens arc forbidden to travel on vessels of belligerent nations, and arc prohibited from going into war zones. Although the neutrality law as newly-adopted is bound to exert a depressing effect on American sea commerce the effect will not be as bad as expected, Senator Pilkinton said. "Formerly from 63 to 65 per cent of American ocean trade was with Europe. In the present era only 40 per cent of our trade is with Europe. "Canada, Mexico and South America being exempt from the provisions of the neutrality law, we should not be loo seriously affected in our efforts to stay out of war and at the same time carry on our normal business," he concluded. Senator Pilkinton was introduced on a program arranged by Fred Cook. Club guests Friday were Prescolt Rotarians Dan Pitlman and Sam Logan. As dynamite death are in- Blevins School Head Sets Up Workshop for Teachers Wetherington Bans Speeches- at Faculty Meetings- Immediate Needs and Interests Studied By Teachers The Blevins school system is one , it that they also should be democratic. tcrnationa), so Nobel was international in his conception. He decreed that "in the awarding of prizes, no consideration whatever be paid to thc nationality of the candidates." Thc first pri/es were awarded in 1901; the first j pence prize in 1803. At this time I here were more than 400 Peace Cocietics scattered through- of the largest rural consolidated schools in the state. ,£ I'. 1 ™"} 08 elementary school faci- ^ *?? "K''"""'* »"d a large area m1 " 0 ,q.«'« K ™?*" ud C ° l " lty ' 9JS '^ cl | stnct . « n «»watcd 1.166 . The two elementary .schools. .skiU and Blevms, have an en- } * M' sc 10 ° l , h "? .• , l '" "'™ ''""' a sch ° o1 on whccls ' , . , out the world, and Nobel's award did| T1 l '" "l™ 'l'""' a sch ° o1 on whccls ' much to make peace 'work resneel- ^i c ^ c ?, 1 ., busw l ? ns P° rt an avwa 8 c of much to make peace work respectable. Thc first winner was Sir W. R. Crcmcr, a British writer and member of Parlimcnl. who was leader of the peace bloc in that body. He had u ! big hand in arranging a treaty of j Q . arbitration between France and Eng-i c '',' land under which they uyreed for ! admlcr! 750 children a day. A. B. Wetherington is superintend-! surveys. They decided to set up thc year's faculty meeting program in thc form of a workshop rather than a place where they would hear speeches by uutsiders, o r where they would hear routine announcements by thc superintendent and made a survey of thc needs of the Blevins community and of the schools. So they looked over student body and the faculty and questioned each as to thc immediate needs and interests and bliut their Sfram around the results of these cut of the Blevins school. Following ' r ° '^mbcr.s of the faculty: George Mrs. Wood' V G ™'. r »'- . V P. sta .. ' 3 ' 1 « Hci "'' Margaret Thc first thing they determined that they wanted lo be a part of thc carried on by the Secondary School *•' ~-.,.fc.-»w.« w«. 111^ uio iv t^wjjtn u nun i ui L. J. Brown, Suzanne i Education under the direction of M (Continued on Page Three) i Sage, Mrs. Warren Nc.sbil, Mrs. S. V. Paul H. Cotton Edel R. Owens. y ° U ' m thc ihc . Th ' huvc ie teachers dieidcd if they were to .„„.. .,,„,„ „, „ , i J fauclty meetings they would do NEW \ORIv—(/Pi--Dcccmber cotton j their best to make them interesting ''"•* J ' ' t and inspirati • accented ill it J I il'l , __ t r*\'tt\ 73 I f~* TJ l I l 1 — -••— i- — — ~-f f- -»r — »•• - ., **r »-» ivt W4IV- WV fctdJlWil I P, , r H , )' i vr n! • ,'' i sdlools ' reading diffieulities in the elc- barrel still. Two gallons of illicit Paul G. Htnkyandkl.se Reid, mcntary and junior hieh schools, uor also was found junior high schools, pleasant and profitable vocations for entanglement in the ie ship's seizure by keep- til reaching the Baltic. she reached a Kussiau-Fiiui Crisis MOSCOW, Russia-W-A note of alarm was injected into the Russian- Finnish negotiations Friday by Pravda organ of the Communist party, on the heels of indications that the two na- Aa|s, while not entirely in agreement, aTTcast hod a working.basis for reaching a solution,of their problems. ' " Pravda- decfar&r 3 .Finland's for minister, Eljas Erkko, had "directly threatened" the Soviet Union, and that his remarks Wednesday night "can not be appraised otherwise than as an appeal for war with the U. S. S.- H. • By The Asociated Pi«s There was undisguised delight in Paris and London Friday over the United States' congressional action in voting to lift the arms ambargo. In Berlin, an official spokesman said there would be no German government comment until the embargo actually is off the United States' statute books. A semi-official note from Paris said the action of congress was "regarded as an event of great material and moral importance." The doom of the embargo was hailed as an Allied victory, and was regarded as the most important news of th day in London and Paris. Germans on March PARIS, France-</P)-French military sources reported strong German troop movements Friday northeast of barreguemines, accompanied by a heavy artillery screen fire. The French said they immediately placed forces on the alert against the possibility of a German thrust in that area. Sarrcgucmines is less than a milo from thc frontier. Liquor-Laden Car Nabbed at Fulton Officers Captured Two. Negroes, Nine Gallons of Moonshine A two-mile automobile chase on Highway 67 west of Fulton resulted Thursday in the capture of W. B. Blackwcll, Tcxarkana negro, whose automobile contained seven gallons of moonshine liquor being transported from Hcmpstead to Miller county. Blackwell's arrest also led to the seizure of a whiskey still, two more gallons of moonshine liquor and the apprehension of Wallace Woods, ne- gro, living half mile northwest of Fulton, this county. Thc first negro was captured by Deputy Sheriff Ed Wilson of Fulton after a chase on thc highway. Wilson informed Sheriff C. E. Baker of Hope, who with Deputy Tom Middlebrooks, went to Fulton. The officers questioned the negro Blackwcll and then went to the home n wen o e ome Male-wide evaluation program being of Wallace Woods where they arrested him and found a wisky still in a pit wsy s n a p Division of the State Department of beneath the flooring of the negro's ' ------ home. The officers discovered 11 barrels of and one 50-gallon iron- uor also was found. Both negroes were lodged in the ,. ---------- ----- j... v ... ..... u *v. » UV.CH.LWAIO AU* j-Jv^it i Jii;gi UvO \N VI *• lUUtJLtl 111 (Ills teachers, teaching problems especially county jail at Washington to await. at HOIK.
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