World-Wicl^News Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Press MMf»««MM Hope VOLUME 43 — NUMBER 103 Star of Hope, 1899; Press, 1927 Consolidated January Ig. 1929, Star The Weather ARKANSAS — Little temperature change in north and central portions, not quite so cold in extreme south; rain or snow probable in extreme north Thursday night. HOPE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1942 Y •• , ,.,-.-.,u. , i-fv^iuicu ritj^s (NEA)—Means Newspaper Enterprise Asa'n ^^^^^^^ ^^^ """" — •- _.'-' .._'.._.--- - -.--I—>>*.. ...npipnop rvre n r i\l\**C *JC V»*w" T Singapore Still Holds on * * * * * **** • f\ 0 ' - - - ™ ^^M.x TT ^ ^ -fr- <& ^ ;: Ontario Premier Soys U. S. F/eef Inferior fo Jons' Hepburn Fears ' • " ~ ~ r I Canada Is Next "(or the Japs Provincial Chief Raps Past Boasts of the American Fleet TORONTO, Canada —AP— .Premier Mitchell F. Hepburn of Ontario, noting he had been criticized at Ottawa for saying the nited States fleet 'is in hiding," declared Thursday that "the trouble is that '•we can't face the facts—the Japanese have a much better navy than the U. S." "The navy secretary (Col. Frank Knox) said the navy was i-^eeking contact with the enemy. If they haven't been able to find them I'll tell where they are," Hepburn told a Toronto gathering. .-. "They're right at Manila surrounding a^ gallant force of American Iroops. They're at Singapore, and at Shanghai, where once proud U. S. marines are now being humiliated by being forced to draw rickshaws through the streets. 11 "The fact is they're afraid to make contact because they haven't the supremacy they boasted of over the alleged tissue-paper navy of Japan." Hepburn said that the United States was the only country Japan fear^•ed^ and that therefore he believed it/possible Jap-'ij .wQjjiVl, iniwlo, dip.,, a'da within three months" in order to block a direct attack by the U. S. on Japan itself. "They will come down the prairia aide and not Die Pacific," Hepburn ^declared, without further elaboration. "There are about a billion land- hungry people in the East," he continued, "directed by a people with plenty between the ears—and they have their eye on Australia, New Zealand and Canada. W "Any illusions as to the Japs' strength and fighting capacity have now been dissipated," he added. "Group Insurance jor Star Staff Sickness and Accident Policies for Paper Employes Group insurance has been placed by The Star for its full-time adult employes. Beginning negotiations last fall with Talbot Feild, Sr., local representative of the Aetna Life Insurance company, Jlhe newspaper closed the insurance month. Participat'on in the group policy is voluntary the part of em- ployus. They elected to take out sick and accident benefits, but not life •insurance. The Aetna contract provides hos- pilalizatiun benefits up to 31 days for each sickness, and 13 weeks disability pay for each accident. Coverage on the accident feature is for the time when employes arc off iduty since all employed persons in Arkansas are covered against accidents during working hours by Workmen's Compensation. Cost of the sickness and accident insurance 1 and rate of compensation tare based on the individual's earnings. Cranium Crackers There'll be some changes in our clothing habits, not because some stylist dictates them, but '.! because of the war. Get on your clothes horse and ride up with the answers to these questions: 1. Tailors and government officials have suggested whae radical changes in men's suits- ,jl 2. The rubber shortage threatens to Uike what women's garment off the market? 3. War has limited importation of tweeds, lace, linen and kilts from what countries? 4. If men's trousers arc made . * smaller at the bottom and remain the same at the top will they be bell-bottomed peg-topped of full-blown? 5. Imijurtatiuii of what goods much used by women was ciir- v tiled before the war began? Aniwert, on Comic Paye, To Singapore 11,000 miles SPITZBERGE ' ..*<feSSf5Sx threat routes supplying China and Russia, who must Indian Ocean United Nations Supply Routes Clipper-Ferry Route Centers of major war action art circled Nations Bases Axis Gains ^ZTAxis Aims Where axis thrusts may cut aid routes This is the complex pattern of war strategy beginning to unfold with -ofs W «ndKw ted - Natioi \ S flght l°. hold Sin gaP°re, the approaches to Sue* and the shipping routes reaching out to link their far-Hung fronts. Our Daily Bread Sliced Thin by The Editor ALEX. H. WASHBURN The Truth From the Pacific Not One Year—But 30 Cecil Brown, the CBS correspondent who escaped with his life by jumping off a sinking British battleship into the China sea a month or so ago, got back on the radio last night with this pungent paragraph: "I've talked with dozens of American bomber and fighter pilots in the Netherlands East Indies and others who got out of the Philippines. Every one of them Payroll Saving Defense Plan Wilkerson and Fisher Confer With Local Group Installation of a payroll saving plan in all local factories and business houses, based on the voluntary agreement of employes to payroll deductions for purchase of Defense Stamps and Bonds, was discussed at a meeting of the local Stamp and Bond selling org.-mizalion with two members of the Arkansas Defense Savings staff at Hope city hall Wednesday night. Details of the Defense Savings payroll deduction plan were described by C. K. Wilkcrson, deputy state administrator of the Defense Savings field representative of the Washington Defense Savings office, who is a payroll savings specialist. They told the local group that the Yellow Fever 'Shot' for Army Officers and Men Apparently Prepared for Tropics WASHINGTON-(/P)-All army officers and men were ordered Thursday to be immunized against yellow- fever, making them quickly available for service in the tropics. 'Secretary of War, Stimson announced the order explaining that hitherto only troops assigned to such areas as Panama and Puerto Rico were so vaccinated. Stimson announced also at his press conference that reserve officer training corps summer camps for collcgu students had been discontinued for the war's duration and for six months plants in Arkansas, such as Linn O'il . _ Arkansas Power & Light Co., have already installed the plan—as well as all the larger department stores of Little Rock. Mr. Fisher told the local group: "Every financial responsible employer has an obligation to his country, to his employes, and to himself, to set up a payroll savings plan in his business establishment. "Each American, man or woman, with a source of income should buy : regularly, to the absolute limit of I his or her capacity, Defense Savings Bonds, ''Make every pay day a Bond Day." The local committee made u preliminary canvass of the industrial district Thursday morning, interviewing Brunei- Ivory Handle company and Hope Basket company owners. The management at each place a- grced to take the matter up with employes at once. Participation in the Defense Stamp and Bund J'jiy- rull Saving Plan is voluntary. stead in army service schools for six- week periods. ® said in just these words: 'For God's sake, tell them to send us some aircraft. In every engagement we are outnumbered 50 and 100 to 1.' " Americans have done a lot of talking. This is the day that we have to back it up. It is murderous to send young men overseas, and then leave them without adequate fighting machines. America has not abandoned them. But our production has moved painfully slow. The truth about the Pacific is fin- ""- ™°' = «<ally dawning upon the people of this | thereafter. democracy. Wo have a war on our | Such training will be given in- hands—with a formidable foe, and in his own back yard. I venture to criticize our leaders for .still being so optimistic that the picture they paint fails to tell the people the whole dire truth. For instance, ;iftcr it became evident that the great British naval base of Singapore might be lust Washington put out the following "official reaction," as reported by the Associated Press to this newspaper Wednesday: "WASHINGTON — Military quarters agreed the fall of the 400-million-dollar British defense citadel would add at least a year to (he Pacific conflict." Why did they have to say "at least a year"—when they could just as well have said "perhaps 30 years," which is what they were really thinking and which has been the judgment of military experts in past years when weighing the importance of Singapore, key war post of all the Orient. The American people are no milksops. They can stand hearing the truth. And the sooner they know the truth, and get plenty good and mad, the sooner they will go to work and get those airplanes and other equipment of war to the Americans now actually fighting on the Pacific front. And the sooner we do this the sooner the whole business will be over— whether's it's 30 years or 10. But let's cut out this kindergarten talk about "another year." Washington put out a bunch of "fluff" that was printed everywhere but nowhere believed * * * By WILLIS THORNTON The Future Without Fear "The public," says Evans Clark, ex- sajd ' cculive director of the Twentieth Century Fund, " is tou jnucii ufrdid of the post-war period. That is be- French Giving Germans Help Supplies and Bases Being Used in African Campaign NEW YORK - The Vichy French government is turning toward a cooperation with Germany which is aiding Hitler in his preparations for a spring offensive against the democracies, according to advices received here Wednesday from a highly reliable informant in Europe. Although General Franco of Spain and Premier de Oliveira Salazar of Portugal arc believed to be seeking a method of avoiding embroilment in (he anticipated Nazi spring offensive. France is reported turning the other way. Just how far France will go along this line was indefinite, but the most authentic reports reaching New York were the French are adopting the view that they are unable to raise a strong hand against any pressure. It is established, however, that while France's African bases are being used for transport of supplies for the Nazis, the French themselves are giving no physical cooperation. Civil Defense Registers 296 City Hall Office to Remain Open 7 to 9 p. m. Daily Only 296 persons had registered for Civilian Defense duty up to noon Thursday, according to a report from the office of the county chairman, Talbot Feild, Jr. It will be necessary for the office to remain open from 7 to 9 throughout the week in order that all homes not furnishing a member of the armed forces can have a member sign for a place in the home defense group. Wednesday afternoon 06 registered, while 50 signed on Wednesday night. The committee noted that only 25 people have volunteered for the post - - — "••of auxiliary firemen, and that 35 j out assault °n Java for Macassar is Japs Advancing Through Indies Dutch Concede Loss of Strategic Island Positions BATAVIA—(/Pj—The Dutch Indies high command reported continued resistance against Japanese forces Thursday in various parts of tile widespread archipelago, but gave no specific information on the outcome of the fighting. The news agency Aneta said the Dutch forces on Celebes and Borneo were believed to be fighting desperately to thwart Japanese drives on Macassar, capital and chief port of Celebes. In each instance the invaders were striving for key footholds for an all- addittional men will be necessary. Fire chief Jim Embrce is chief of service for the division of Auxiliary firemen of the Hempstead County Defense council. Germans Claim Gain in Russia First Claimed Advance in Two Months of Retreat By (he Associated Press Adolf Hitler's high command asserted Thursday that German, Rumanian and Croatian troops had driven back the Russians on the Donets river front where the Red armies have been storming <it the gates of Karkov, Russia's "Pittsburgh" in the Urkaine, and other key cities. The Nazi command said mixed Axis forces "continuing their attacks, threw the enemy further back in spite of stubborn resistance." It was one of the first times in many weeks that the Germans claimed they had again taken the initiative, although Soviet front-line dispatches this week have noted gradual stiffening of Nazi resistance after two months of steady retreat. On the North African front British headquarters reported imperial artillery fire had scattered strong only 500 bomber-miles from the United Nations naval station at Soerabaja. A lone Japanese bomber which approached Soerabaja Wednesday morning was driven oft by Dutch fighter planes, Thursday's communique said. The only other action reported was enemy reconnaisa,1ice parts of the islands. over various cause we huvn't faced the issues and "i<->nl blocks may one day be built without stairs. Gentle slopes would —— ——• , wimuui suurs. ue'.iue slope (Continued on Page Two) replace the familiar stall-case. battle zone 40 miles from Tobruk. In general the situation remained unchanged. Japanese soldiers wear bells known as sennin-bari, which are believed to protect the wearer frum harm. Stairless One expert has predicted that apart- The last official report from Celebes indicated the city plainly was marked for encirclement in the Japanese plan of campaign, for the invaders had won beach-heads at Barombong, north of Macassar, Djeneponto, below it on the southern tip of the peninsula, and at Balangnipa, directly across the peninsula from Macassar on the gulf of Bone. McDaniel Sends A P Story From Ship Off-Shore, as Bombers Swarm Overhead!! Japanese Apparently Mopping Up Northwest Quarter of Island Before Resuming Advance Upon Central I City of Singapore i By the Associated Press V^ Bloody fighting raged nearer to the smoke-shroudedV streets ot Singapore Thursday as British troops, scorninq'a = demand to surrender fell back after bitter counter-attacks* during the night while Japanese planes smashed at a fleet^ ot ^ evacuation ships in Singapore harbor ;The Rome radio, whose reports have often been pre-«' mature, broadcast a Tokio claim that the Japanese flag was flymg over Raffles Square in the center of Singapore Simultaneously a Tokio broadcast said Japanese troops- n"trn I "°'J f ? westeri l out ^j[ ts ° f the city had launched oh) attack to drive out British "remnants." : • iu I he T okio . r ?, por , t implied that there had been a halt in " the offensive while the British rejected a demand for cap^ itulation and that the battle for the city had not yet beenV won. ' .,; C. Yates McDaniel, of the Associated Press the last : foreign correspondent remaining in Singapore, said British" several J ar9ed Ja P Qnes e infantry and drove them back at^; McDaniel's dispatch, filed from a ship lying off shore " under repeated attack by Rising Sun bombers, said, howevfe • the battle lines were moving steadily closer to Singapore ••#* We were dive-bombed half a dozen times but'are- still afloat and we may get away tonight," McDaniel said;^ Tokio headquarters said Jap. troops'~ : had penetrated far into British p'osi-,'; British Moving Ouf All Stores Evacuation Covered by Four Counter- Attacks LONDON — (fP)— In desperate, gallant actions, evidently to screen the withdrawal of women and children the defenders of Singapore struck out Thursday in four counter-attacks against the encroaching Japanese according to military dispatches reaching London, but all save one of the thrusts were failures. It was possible, too, that the screening efforts of the British imperials were planned to permit withdrawal of removable military supplies from the island. This would be virtually a concession that Singapore is lost. A Singapore radio heard here at 3:30 p. m. (9:30 a. m, CWT) said that the Japanese in their braodcast were "endeavoring to obscure the real position of the island of Singapore behind extravagant claims." Apparently the broadcaster referred to such Japanese reports as that which said all but two nests of resistance had been mopped up in Singapore itself, the broadcaster added: "We are not only going to fight we are going to win. we shall emerge from this struggle." Then followed over the air from the beleaguered city a recitation of Wednesday's Singapore communique and the latest Russian and Chinese communiques. Japs Gain in Indies Tokio—(/Pi—Japanese imperial headquarters reported Thursday that a special Japanese landing parly had completely occupied Macassar, capital of the Dutch island of Celebes, and that GafinaUi, on the island of New Britain was occupied three days ago. The communique also said the Burmese port of Martaban was entered and completely occupied after British resistance had been overcome. The British have acknowledged the port was lost. Bandjcrmasin, on the Dutch island of Borneo (on which the Dutch had reported the Japanese advancing) was said to have been captured Tuesday. Imperial headquarters also credited Japanese fliers with shooting down 20 United Nations planes and destroying military targets in mass raids Monday in tiic Batavia area of Java 'TURN IN ALL OLP SCRAP TO SLAP A JAP/ Confession by Neal Claimed Prosecutor Huie Says Man Admits Shooting at Stamps Prosecuting Attorney Richard Huie told The Star over the telephone from his home at Arkadelphia Wednesday night mat Andrew Neal, 21-year-old suspect who was arrested south of the city early Wednesday, had confessed to LaFayette Sheriff Ocie Griffin he was the man who shot and wounded Mark Jarnigan, Stamps li- quro store proprietor, in an attempted robbery in that city last Monday. The prosecutor said he was withholding filing a formal charge against Neal pending determination of Jarnigan's condition at a Magolia hos r pitl. The ma was reported worse Wednesday. Mr. Huie said if he filed a charge of assault with a deadly weapon against Neal, and Jarnign Iter died the charge could not be revised upward tu a charge of murder. tions in a drive from Bukit only 5% miles^i northwest from the> heart of the city; "At dawn Thudsday strong „„,,-., anese army units assisted by the air-f arm launched a powerful mopping" up offinsive to crush British' resis-- tance around the water reservoir .in-the central part of the island" the : & Japanese communique said. vs-i; The Tokio radio, declaring the con-i»i' quest of all Singapore island: was,;': "only a matter of hours," asserted & Jap forces were pushing deep int6 theH city itself after occupying the famous S Singapore race track in a northwest" suburb. ;"• •;'-;; Virtually unopposed in the ah- Jap-.'•:., anese dive-bombers were blasting at/; British ships and rescue ships in-the'), harbor. . ,.;.; A Singapore broadcast, reporting 1 '' terrific losses inflicted on the enemy, ' declared: "Crack Japanese divisions have taken and are taking a hammering that ' will have considerable influence on the future course of the war. "Singapore's defenders have rip' mountain fortress to which they car! ; retreat, no natural obstacles to the ••••' invader, such as the terrain which has gallant defense of Batan peninsula,^ but Singapore's defenders have this , in common with MacArthur's men— X the same courage, the same fortitude^ the same will to win every vital hour." On Other Fronts .: On other fronts in the critical strug-i glo: Burma—imperilled British troops to halt a Japanese thrust across the ; strategic Salween river toward Ran-? goon, the Burmese capital. A British communique acknowledg-' ed strong Japanese forces had crossed the river and that the city pf Martaban, 80 miles from Rangoon by air, was in enemy hands. In the 13-day-old siege of Singapore hundreds of fires set by Japanese bombers and artillery bombardment raged in the city. Hundreds of women and children already had been removed from the doomed city. Domei Official Japanese agency, said the ships were preparing to rescue trapped British forces. Direct hits were scored on 10 ships, Domei said, with two left in flames. Latest word from Singapore indicated that Japan's invasion hordes still had not captured the city. The British war office in London said it was still in communication with, the beleagured city. Navy Photo Owners, Call at The Star Owners of the photographers of Navy men in this county which The Star published last November and December are kindly asked to call at the newspaper office, 21214 South Walnut street, and obtain the pictures as soon as possible. Those unable to call will have (lie pictures returned to them by mail, although there is less danger of creasing when pictures are handled personally.
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