Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on January 7, 1937 · Page 41
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 41

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Thursday, January 7, 1937
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THI NIWSPAPIR THAT MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" HOME EblTION VOL. XLIII FIVE CENTS A COPV ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY, IOWA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 7, 1937 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO. 80 GOOD-JOKE ON'DEMOS Republicans Make Most of Neutrality Probe. By CHAKL2S P. STEWART. ^A S H I N G TON, (CPA)—It is a corking good joke on the all powerful democrats that they permitted three republican senators to wangle themselves, a s the English say, into the principal spokesman- ship f o r n e u - trality action on capitol hill. Senator Gerald P. Nye, North Dakota republican, started the munitions investigation—introduced the resolution creating a committee to conduct it Ordinarily the chairmanship of a special congressional committee goes to that particular committee's sponsor, provided he is of the dominant party. Otherwise, while he is named as a member, one of the majority gets first place; all committee chairmen are •upposed to be majority legislators, in fact. Nye Wins Out. But somehow Nye was ac- accorded the premiership among the munitions inquisitors. I once asked him how he accounted for the fact. He said he thought .it was a "piece of good sportsmanship." I have my doubts as to that. I suspect that it was because the majority failed to -realize the value of this investigation. j But Nye is a crackingly com- | petent investigator. The majority might have foreseen that a«y quiz he instigated would turn out well; it mul'fed a glorious opportunity. However, in other hands, the investigation might not have been as effectively employed as in the North Dakotan's. An Able Assistant. Nye also had the assistance of an exceedingly able investigator in the person (,' Stephen Raushen- bush. Still, Nye is entitled to credit for Raushenbush; he hired him. Well, the investigation turned out to be extraordinarily popular. Such investigations as Senator Burton K. Wheeler's, into railroad fundamentals; as the SEC's, into other details of high financiering;, as the FCC's, into communications— These deal with questions of vast importance, but they are fearfully complicated: the average citizen doesn't understand them. Nye's charge has been one of beautiful simplicity— The story of a trade in supplies to commit wholesale murder, destroy civilization, exterminate the human race, Republican Voices. Nye made the most of all this. Some of his fellow committeemen saw the point, too. Senators Homer T. Bone of Washington, Bennett Champ Clark of Missouri and James P. Pope of Idaho (all democrats) fell in line, but not with quite enough initial enthusiasm. Senators Walter F. George of Georgia (democrat) and W. W. Barbour (beaten New Jersey republican) weren't heard from at all. But Senator Arthur H. Vanden- bcrg of Michigan (republican) -.'.-as heard from aplenty. Next after Senator Nye. no pro-neutralist is so emphatic as he! And Senator William E. Borah of Idaho? He wasn't a member of the committee, but he is a pro-neutralist "plus." "Break" for Nye. Thus neutrality (super-popular among democrats, President Roosevelt especially included) is most particularly boosted lor by republicans on capitol hill-^-Senators Nye, Vandenberg and Borah. Oh yes, President Roosevelt, Secretary of State Cordell Hull and Chairman Key Pittman and Sam D. McReynolds of the senate and house foreign relations committees respectively are pro-neu- SEEK EARLY ACTION ON 3 BILLS PLANTOEXTEND MONEY POWERS AND RFC'S LIFE Roosevelt Talk of Courts and Wage and Hours Laws Discussed. WASHINGTON, (.T)—Congressional and administration chieftains charted plans Thursday lo push three bills through congress this month extending for two years and a half the monetary and stabilization powers of the treasury and the life of the Reconstruction Finance corporation. The extensions will include also power to issue federal reserve notes against government securities up to 100 per cent, and prolong some other' emergency agencies. It was agreed to extend all of these emergency acts until June 30, 1939, with the provisions that the president by proclamation, could end the lending functions of the RFC. Asked For Extension. In his annual message Wednesday, President Roosevelt asked that congress act at once to extend these powers, many of which are the keystone of the administration's fiscal policies. Authority to change the gold value of the dollar and operate the 32,000,000,000 stabilization fund expires Jan. 30 and Feb. 1. The power to issue notes backed by government obligations will not die until March 3. Those who attended the conference at which plans were made to .push the bills through by the end of the month included Senator Robinson of Arkansas, democratic leader. Speaker Bankhead, Secretary Morgenthau and Maniner S. Eccles,'chairman of the federal reserve board. Congress in -Recess. They conferred as other members of congress discussed the president's outspokenness toward the courts and plans for wages and hour legislation as disclosed in his address to congress. Awaiting definite indication how far he would go, party ranks threatened to split into factions as the alternatives became plainer. Botli houses were in recess, but that meant only the transfer' of the arguments to private quarters. The legislators speculated whether Mr. Roosevelt had a specific course in mind to assure "a liberal interpretation" of the constitution by the supreme court They had noted—and many democrats cheered—the cryptic way in which he told congress Wednesday "means must be found" to adapt the judicial viewpoint "to the actual present national needs." Neutrality Act Passed. The discussions were subordinated to neutrality for a brief time. Votes of 80 to 0 in the senate and 403 to 1 in the house to ban arms shipments to Spain disposed of that question temporarily, however, and attention swerved'to the Roosevelt recom- message Friday transmit the budget for the fiscal year beginning in July and request a supplemental relief appropriation to carry until then. Administration leaders predicted "surprises" in the budget No substantial cutting down of relief was expected, but a closer approach to "pay as you go" was hinted. Await Budget Proposals. The budget proposals will outline the legislative program in some greater detail on the basis of the general statements in Wednes- Crown Princess Weds, Netherlands Rejoices LOOK INSIDE FOR- HENRY A. WALLACE Lists 10 Point Plan for Agriculture Help ON PAGE 10 Trojans to Play in Friday Night Scrap ON PAGE 11 Cold Leads to Fears for Kidnaped Boy, 10 ON PAGE 2 prospective mendations. His next EDENCOiERS WITH GERMAN Discuss Spanish Volunteer Questions as Fascist Nations Reply. LONDON, (/P)—Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden expounded the increasing gravity of the Spanish volunteer question in a frank talk Thursday night with Dr. Ernest Woermann, the German charge d'affaires. Facing anxiously awaited Italo- German replies to a plea to stop such volunteers, the foreign secretary closeted himself with the German envoy after an important conference with Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin. Informed sources said the replies of the fascist powers (they were delivered late Thursday in Rome and Berlin) might have a vital -effect on the peace of Europe. Has Fleet Ready. Britain, with a warning eye on her mighty fteet in Spanish waters, looked and hoped for "con- American Has Part in China "Red" Revolt 200,000 Soldiers Desert Chang's A|my to Join Commtmists. SIANFU, Shensi Province, China, (ff)—Agnes Smedley, an American, is credited with playing an important' role in a campaign to establish a communist empire in northwest China openly opposed to Generalissimo Chiang Kai- Shek's government at Nanking. The movement, reported to have attracted support from 200,000 members of Marshal Chang Hsueh-Liang's former Manchurian army, together with Chinese communist forces numbering 50,000, has emerged into the open with a burst'of propaganda led by Miss Smedley. Reliable sources Thursday_ -declared communists in Shensi - and Kansu provinces are in open revolt against the central government as a development of Marshal Chang's military rebellion in which the generalissimo was held prisoner for two weeks last month. Propaganda on Radio. Miss Smedley's activity has been confined to radio propaganda. Every few hours she broadcasts appeals—in English — for new recruits to the movement. Her propagandizing, it was reported, has brought opposition •from British residents in the interior provinces who recall her deportation from India 'some years ago where she was-alleged to have conspired to .provoke a nationalist uprising. • ~.\ Until-'recently she .was reported day's message. Vice Garner's signature to President the embargo resolution will send it to the white house Friday, as the first item on the program. Next will come action to extend the Reconstruction corporation's trality now-but they did not lcnding authority , the president's ^...l,^ l'^.,,^.. „„ K rr Power to change the gold value of It would not matter so much if the Spanish complication had not happened to "break" just now. Op ening Arguments in Jim Hines Trial Heard at Elkader ELKADER, UP) —Opening arguments in the trial of Jim Hines, the fourth person to face trial for a part in the murder of Dan Shine, 60, Littleport, were heard in district court Thursday. District Judge W. L. Eichdorf allowed the trial to proceed late Wednesday by overruling a motion for a change of venue. Pearl Hines, Shine's widow, and her 19 year old lover, Maynard Lenox, pleaded guilty to the murder and were sentenced to 40 years in prison. Albert (Deke) Cornwall is awaiting sentence following his conviction in district court here. the dollar, and the $2,000,000,000 stabilization fund. Leading up to wage and hour regulation, Mr. Roosevelt said he would submit recommendations later on slum clearance, low cost housing, aid to farm tennants and broadening of the social security act. Action by the separate states to protect the laboring man and assure a "just return" for agriculture was a proven impossibility, he said, and "federal laws supplementing state laws are needed." Federal-State Program. From this some senators Judged that a federal;-state wage.and hour program may be attempted, possibly using some device such as the 'tax-remittance in the unemployment insurance section of the security act to foster state co-op- ! structive" answers. Observers pointed OIK Britisn men-of-war were moving toward Spain in sufficient numbers to enforce a blockade of the peninsula, should such action become necessary, i At the same time a statement in Glasgow by Sir Thomas Inskip, defense co-ordination minister, that there would be no army conscription during peacetime, was taken to mean Britain was ready to draft soldiers immediately peace was endangered. American Act.Aid. The British position to enforce isolation of Spain's "little world war" was considered in informed circles to be strengthened through American action to bar shipments of armaments to both sides of the civil conflict. Fears had been expressed that any European action might be made ineffective through ability of the belligerents to obtain aid in the United States. Speeding up of congressional action to strengthen American neutrality laws by removing any loop holes through which factions in a civil war might obtain aid was felt to have placed the problem definitely in the hands of Europe. < eration. One plan tion would j. power to fix minimum wage and maximum h our standards for firms in interstate commerce. The receiving considera- ;ive a federal agency term "interstate commerce" would be re-defined to cover all major industries but exempt local enterprises. The president's stand that "an increasingly enlightened" view of the constitution was needed brought conflicting reactions from his supporters. Most who commented agreed with him. Senator Adams (D- Colo.) and some others held, however, that a constitutional amendment enlarging federal powers should be submitted if the issue is to be faced squarely. , living-sin 'Shanghai; • Sianfu about the time of Marshal Chang's revolt Dec. 12. The sudden resurgence of communistic influence in the past 24 hours caused widespread fears Sianfu was doomed to renewed disorders like those of Dec. 12 when Marshal Chang rebelled against the Nanking government and captured Premier Chiang Kai- Shek, Gang's Rove Streets. An estimated 65,000 of • the troops who took part in the Dec. 12 coup have suddenly become restive gangs, roving leaderless through the streets, intimidating the populace, threatening merchants, looting shops and causing business to come to a standstill with many stores closed. Officials- were uncommunicative but apprehension was growing that the crisis • precipitated with Marshal Chang's revolt—for which he x was pardoned after freeing Chiang and giving himself up— was far from ended. Military authorities ordered the sudden erection of sandbag barricades and a system of trench fortifications about the city proper. The large foreign missionary community was fearful of possible developments because every avenue of possible escape" was closed to its residents. Take Serious View. That the Nanking government was taking a serious view of the situation was shown' by reports from western-Honan province that the troop withdrawals- begun after Chiang's release had been halted suddenly. The troops formed part-of the punitive expedition based at Loy- ang, Honan province, which had been directed to free the premier by force if necessary. The Nanking army was reported again to have taken up its westward march, preparing to meet any possible emergency here. The Weather FORECAST IOWA: Snow probable Thursday night and Friday; colder in extreme east portion; rising- temperatures in west postlon Thursday night; rising temperature Friday. MINNESOTA: Generally fair, rising temperature in southwest portion Thursday night; Friday unsettled, snow in central and south portions, rising temperature. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette ,-weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Thursday morningr Maximum Wednesday 32 Above Minimum in Night 5 Below At 8A.M. 4 Below Sleet .06 of an Inch Snowfall Trace Not since last winter have the roads of Iowa been as difficult to travel as ,at this, time.- -They're a glare of ice and brakes .are-only an unverified rumor. Thursday dawned cloudy and;snow appeared to be well within-the possibilities of,the early future. t 'GRAD' DEFIANT AT HEARING ON FRANK OUSTER Students Demonstrate at Meeting of Wisconsin U Regents. MADISON, Wis., (£>}— A University of Wisconsin graduate's defiance and a student demonstration threw the Glenn Frank ouster hearing into turmoil soon after it resumed Thursday. George Harry Adams of Beloit, representing the alumni. association, objected when Chairman Harold Wilkie of the board of regents informed him he had only eight minutes for his defense of the university president. "Be true to yourself and put aside personal prejudices," Adams retorted. "Star chambering these proceedings w^ll do you no good, but will do you an injustice and sear your soul." Continues to Speak. Adams continued to speak after Wilkie's gavel fell. Several hundred students massed in the corridor outside the hearing room and before windows overlooking the campus hooted, whistled and cheered. Several cried "sit down." \ Adams sat down. When order was restored, Reg-. ent Kenneth Hones warned that further disturbances would bring a request for a sergeant-at-arms. .Frank's, defenders faced a,: reg- iJeate^boaid.-tiearly evenly divided in their sentiment for and against the president. A vote on a delay of the hearing, which Frank requested, was defeated 8 to 7 Wednesday. "Politics" Charge Heard. For the second time, Gov. Philip F. LaFollete's name and the suggestion of "politics" in the removal attempt were injected -into the hearing. LaFollette heads the two and a half year old progressive party. George Haight of Chicago, spokesman for a special alumni committee, told the regents "we must at once differentiate between the governor's right of appointment (of regents) by law and the use of the appointive power to promote a political party rather than to promote a strong university." Every alumnus, he declared, should protest "if there is now danger of political interference." Governor Is Mentioned. Regent George Mead of Wisconsin Rapids first linked the governor with the ouster movement. He said Wilkie informed the boftrd last year that LaFollette had said the time had come for the regents to "get rid of President Frank." The governor appoints the regents. Wilkie heads the bloc o£ | LaFollette appointees. Wilkie brought the charges- Frank defended himself Wednesday and was prepared Thursday withi a factual analysis of the university's condition. He claims that in his 11 year tenure the institution has risen in rank from seventh to second place. Grady Backs Frank. Regent Daniel Grady of Portage, white haired defender of the president hurled the accusation that Frank's opponents have been moved by political considerations. He said the names of four men were mentioned as possible sue- Princess Juliana and Bridegroom Crown Princess Juliana of Holland and the "German prince, Bernhard von und zu Lippe-Biesterfeld, whose' royal wedding Thursday caused •widespread, celebrations .'throughout .the! Netherlands,, are shown above. Prince Bernhard, who renounced his fatherland as the future consort of the-crown,, princess, incurred the wrath of the nazi government, as did the non-display of German flags in pre-nuptial ceremonies in The Hajuc. Fail to Break Deadlock Blocking Strike Parley Michigan Governor Takes* cessors to Frank at a meeting which he and two other regents attended in Governor La Follette's office nearly a year ago. The other regents were board chairman Harold M. Wilkie and John Callahan of Madison. Grady inferred, but did not say directly, that the names were pro- posed'either by Governor La Follette or Wilkie, who has led the fight of the .governor's regents to have Frank removed. Shows Four Names. He showed Wilkie four names and asked if he did not remember they had been mentioned at that conference. Wilkie said he did not recall it. Then.he turned to Callahan, who replied, "Yes I remember the list." "You ask the ^governor if he doesn't remember it when you see him today," Grady shot at Wilkie. Grady refused to disclose the names butanother source reported they were President Robert May- nardHutchlns of the University of Chicago; and three members of the Wisconsin faculty, Dean Lloyd K. Garrison of the law school; Dean E.:B.- Fred-=of the graduate school and Economist John Gaus. Hand in Conferences at Detroit. AUTO-LABOR AT A GLANCE By the Associated Press Governor Murphy of Michigan and James F. Dewey, federal labor conciliator, report they failed to break the deadlock -in, negotiations to. settle strikes in General Motors automotive plants. United Automobile Workers decline to evacuate ''stay in" strikers from Flint, Mich., plants of Fisher Body company, General Motors unit. Two 'new "sit-down 1 ' strikes called at plants of Briggs Body and Murray Body companies in Detroit. Chevrolet to close Flint plant, iron foundry and. small parts plants in Saginaw and Bay City, Midi., .leaving 19,875 more General Motors workers idle.- . . "The Flint alliance" organizes at Flint to combat strike sentiment "NEITHER SIDE HAS AGREED TO ANYTHING" DETROIT, (&) —Successive conferences in which Governor Frank Murphy of Michigan took a hand failed Thursday to break the deadlock preventing negotiations between- General Motors corporation and its striking automobile employes. James F. Dewey, federal depart- , IJew ibor c merit : of labor'conciliator, said at their conclusion, "neither side has agreed''to' anything." Earlier '.he 'had reported tne situation "encouraging" and Governor Murphy, before going to Lansing to address the state legislature, said the prospects for agreement'."looked good." Shortly before . 1 - p. m. Homer Martin, president of the United Automobile Workers of America, whose, strikes have affected more than a, score of General-:Motor plants, said --iurther conferences "wilL-bc held -up" until union e£- .fieials can talk again with governor Murphy. Representing ^General Motors in the conference with Murphy and Dewey Thursday morning were William S. Knudseh, executive vice president; Edward F. Fisher, .head: of operations .of the Fisher WINTER CLOUDS BLANKET STATE Snow Falls in Some Parts of Iowa, More Seen; Warmer Friday. Leaden winter clouds covered North Iowa skies Thursday as snow fell in som'e parts of the state . and the weatherman predicted snow would be general and heavier by night. Temperatures rose little from the zero and below cold—17 below at 'Alton—which settled over most of the state Wednesday night Mason City early Thursday recorded alow of 5 below and Charles City''reported 2 below. The weatherman said that temperatures, after retreating to zero and below again Thursday night, probably would clirnb back up to the freezing zone Friday. Spirit Lake reported 13 below zero, LeMars -11 below and Glen-, wood 10 below early Thursday. At Sioux City the mercury sank to 10 below, at Council Bluffs to 4 below, at Shen^ndoah to zero. The cold rolled over the state on the heels of a warm snap which saw .-the mercuiy rise to 46 degrees at Keokuk. Wednesday. Temperatures, the weatherman forecast, would sink to 10 below in northeast Iowa Thursday night, to. five below . in the - northwest section and to zero in the southern sections. It was cloudy over all the state Thursday and snowing at Council Bluffs, Dubuque and Des Moines. All weather bureau points reported sleet, freezing rain and light snow Wednesday which glazed highways with ice and left them dangerous. One man was killed as the result of a skidding accident Several persons were injured in similar mishaps. Body company, seven of whose plants are closed by strikes, and M. E. Coyle, general manager of the Chevrolet Motor company. Five Chevrolet assembly lines have been suspended because of lack of parts supplied by the Fisher plants. RITES HELD AT TOWNHALL AND 'GROOTE KERK' Juliana Radiant as Quiet German Prince Becomes Her Husband. By THOMAS J. HAMILTON, Jr. THE HAGUE, (£>)—The Netherlands' royal maid. Crown Princess Juliana, became the bride of German Prince Bernhard Zu Lippe- Biesterfeld Thursday amid the rejoicing of two million subjects in this land of tulips and windmills. First at a quaint townhall civil ceremony, then in the historic, colorsplashed Groote kerk, Juliana and Bernhard pronounced their vows. Radiant in an ivory satin dress sprinkled with orange blossoms, the princess who is the sole hope of perpetuating the ancient house of orange, stood in the center of a brilliant circle of bridesmaids, their gowns forming a "bouquet" of lilac, orange and blue. Watched by Nation. The quiet Bernard, resplendant in the full dress uniform of a captain of Blue Hussars, became by royal decree coincident with the vows: "His royal highness, Prince of the; Netherlands." Dr. H. T. Obbink, the pastor of. the Netherlands court, told them: "The eyes of the whole Netherlands, the colonies of Dutchmen throughout the world are fixed on this place- From thousands of hearts, prayers arc sent to the throne of God tnal his-Joy« and blessing, may." attend you and all your ways." Bells pealed throughout the lowlands kingdom as Juliana and Bernhard rode from palace to townhall and then lo church in a golden coach drawn by eight proud horses, through frantic lines of cheering Dutchfolk. "Other Juliana" Weds. And in the little hamlet of Oestegeest "the other Juliana," whose name really is Petroneila Van Der Meer, was wed to Canal- man Martinus Van Stijn—the only other girl in the realm permitted to marry Thursday, because she and the princess were born on the same day and in the same hour. Skies were clear for the spectacle which preceded the civil and church ceremonies. In the two million who cheered in the streets and watched in townhall sted church were 33 members of royal families—called to this "family wedding" by Queen Wilhelmina, to see her only daughter and her prince pronounce the royal "ja's." A little room in the townhall was the scene of the civil ceremony. Long: Winded Speech. The burgomaster, after a long winded speech, pronounced Juliana and Bernhard "your royal highnesses.' 1 The golden carriage then took the couple 100 yards across the street to the Groote kerk just at 11:58 a. m. There, before nearly 1,600 persons, Juliana and Bernhard repeated their solemn vows. Thus twice was the. plain and plump Juliana transformed into a glowing, gracious bride. She leaned smiling toward Bernhard in the Groote kerk as he drew the glove from her hand, then removed his own for the exchange of rings which symbolizes completion of Dutch marriages. Smiles Upon Prince. She smiled lovingly again upon her prince as Dr. Obbink presented her with a Bible—given ' to Dutch bridegrooms as a symbol of their authority in the household. For the girl who some day will be queen is sworn to obey her husband—just as is the "other Juliana." * Juliana's satin,gown, cut in severe lines, gleamed.in the lights of the kerk. About her head was a natural orange blossom coronet. Her snowlike train was six yards long. _ The great • day began for the Netherlands when two beaming bridesmaids and two sombre groomsmen helped the royal couple into their coach. From Noordeinde palace, the prancing horses -of blue hussars officers escorted , the carriage through/.'''-the- ,,'old. and narrow streets, - gay with fir boughs, orange bunting and glistening metal streets' inscribed "J, B." Wears .Silver Kobe. Juliana wore a silver robe over her-gown.-, -.' • The prince was smiling broadly as the procession . moved toward the townhall. Behind the royal coach were three wedding party i

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