Mt. Vernon Register-News from Mt Vernon, Illinois on July 2, 1951 · Page 10
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Mt. Vernon Register-News from Mt Vernon, Illinois · Page 10

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Monday, July 2, 1951
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10 THE REGISTER-NEWS — MT. VERNON, ILLINOIS MONDAY, JULY 2, T95T ^ y LINK YOUR FARM TO YOUR FARM BUREAU JEFFERSON COUNTY FARM BUREAU NEWS Affiliated With University of Illinois—Illinois Agricultural Association—American Farm Bureau Federation GROW ENTHUSIASTIC USE FARM BUREAU •s..s »H »ai«a • •*>»•»*).*•;« JEFFERSON COUNTY FARM BUREAU NEWS (Official Publication) Mt. Vernon, Illinois Clarence McCauley President Ed Kiefer Vice President Carson Foreman Secretory R. F. Case Treasurer Francis Pleckenstein Director Voris Coil Director Harold Thurness Director Paul Woelfel Director George Heaton Director Oliver Sohrader General Agent Ruis H. Garrison Organization Director and Special Agent Donald O. Lee Farm Adviser Hugh Lis'esay Youth Assistant Bettymac Fenton..Office Secretary Doris Wooden Secretary Marj Modlin.-Insurance Secretary Telephone 4510 Higher Production Increases Accidents the fare- Once again is heard miliar cry "production." It sounds throughout the nation's industries, but particularly in the agriculture field where output is most essential to the peoples' welfare. In all probability, most farmers will attempt .to produce more this year than ever before, and with increased labor, will come greater chances of accidents. To protect Farm Bureau members from the costly expense of accidents is the County Mutual Casualty's Farmers General and Employers Liability policy. Although the danger of an accident may seem remote to you, it only takes one to sweep away your life savings. Your hired hand may fall under a tractor, or your cows may wander onto the highway, causing an accident. You may be liible for these and many other similar accidents incurred in the course of your farming operations. Protect yourself with a Country Mutual Casualty Policy while you're helping promote the nation's welfare. Contact your insurance department at the Farm Bureau office for detailed information. For Increase in Income Improve Your Pastures There is still ample time for the 'farmers of Jefferson county to pep-up their tired and run-down pastures, according to Don Lee, Jefferson,-County Farm. Adviser. Manyi'of' our most successful cases' of pasture renovation have been done in late summer. Our common legumes and grasses such as alfalfa, ladino, brome grass, alta fecsue, orchard grass, and timothy, may be successfully seeded between August I and September 15. Follow these steps for a good pasture which will give you a forage; crop harvested by grazing. 1. Tear up the old sod and put the,soil in shape for seeding. The first step in pasture renovation is to kill • or suppress ' the present growth. This can be done with a field cultivator, disc or plow. Good results have been attained locally by plowing all the land that can be plowed and using a disc or field cultivator on what is left. It is a good idea to start early in the summer after the old pasture has been heavily grazed. Apply lime, phosphate and potash according to the needs shown by the' soil test. To leave out any one, of the above fertilizer materials is just asking for a failure. Work on the contour if the land slopes, and thoroughly work the soil'.'treatment into the soil. Prepare a good firm seed bed. ' 2h Seed and Fertilize. Seed at the right time. Don't gamble by seeding too late. Use a complete fertilizer such as 3-12-12 'or ijl-16-16 at the rate of 200-300 Ibsj; per acre at the time of seeding:, The nitrogen will help the •seedings get started. Plenty of phosphate and potash will make thel* roots grow faster and make better forage. Broadcast or drill the seed and cover by using a cultipacker. A firm seedbed is necessary for good germination. Use a combination of grasses and legumes which will furnish forage throughout (he growing season. Do not cover too deep. The cultipacker will cover the^small seeds just about right. Manage your pastures carefully. After you get the stand of grass and' legumes, care is very important. Regulate the grazing and keej? from 4-5 inches of growth above ground. Clip weeds with a mower so that animals will graze evenly. Follow all these steps and you will* be able to double or trple the carrying capacity of your old pasture/ So/7 Conservation Pays Dividends It takes a lot of water to produce 80 bushels of corn. Not only do we need to have a soil that It well supplied with organic matter and plant food but sufficient moisture at the proper time. Soil conservationist Mannie Logan reminds us that with plentiful plant food, a good rotation that Includes grasses and legumes, two to three years out of five, that several of the requirements are met for a good corn yield. He also says that with contouring, strip-cropping or terracing, precious water that falls at silking time may be held long enough to allow more to soak into the soil. This will pay off in a larger crqp, and at the same time conserve valuable topsoil from clogging our waterways, ditches, rivers and harbors. Contact your Soil Conservation District Office, 1015^2 Broadway, or see the Farm Adviser. : ATTEND 45th Annua) MT. VERNON STATE FAIR Jiily8thto15th Visit th* Elaborate Livestock Exhibits Present Program For Long Run Improvement Farmers who make the most of rising farm income trends are those who give top preference to expenditures which will incfease the crop-yielding and income producing capacity of the farm, declared the Middle West Soil Improvement Committee, in a statement issued here. Building the soil's fertility level is one of the wisest investments at present, the committee says Not only will it enable the soil to produce more crops per acre, but will cut production costs per bushel or ton. Farm economists point out that continuance of the cold war or the outbreak of full-scale world conflict means that high level production of foods, fibers and fats will be needed for a long period ahead. Soil improvement undertaken now will help farmers meet the nation's steadily increasing", crop demands: The committee suggests these steps for reinforcing farm soil fertility resources: 1. Have the soil tested to find out its need for lime and plant nutrients. 2. Follow a rotation that bal ances soil-robbing and soil-saving crops. 3. Use well-fed deep-rooted legumes to build up organic matter supplies. Return manure and crop residues to the soil. Organic matter will improve the soil's tilth and structure and provide more crop feeding nutrients. It will increase the soil's water-storing capacity. 4. Add plenty of commercial fertilizer. Every crop sold from the farm takes with it plant food —nitrogen, phosphate and potash. Some of the nitrogen may be returned by deep-rooted legumes. But phosphate and potash can be added only through the use of commercial fertilizer. 5. Cut down losses of topsoil, organic matter and moisture due to erosion by contour cultivition, strip cropping and terracing where necessary. All these practices have to team together to permanently improve and maintain the soil, the committee says. Life Insurance As Property Under most forms of property, a down payment create., a debt. Through life insurance the first payment immediately creates an estate. In the event that the owner dies, there is no unpaid balance for the heirs to pay. Instead, the full amount of the estate is paid to the heirs. The test of good property is its guaranteed future value. In addition to its protection value, substantially increasing cash and collateral values are guaranteed in the life insurance contract, backed by a financial institution of impregnable strength. The life insurance policy is the only form of property created specifically to meet the needs of the buyer. The value of most, forms of property shrinks on the death of the owner. Life insurance is the only form of property that expands on the owner's death to fill the needs for which it was intended. The income from most forms of property is subject to income tax. Life insurance proceeds go directly to named beneficiaries free from administration costs and probate fees. These are no management problems, maintenance costs or investment hazards. Where the usual form of property provides an income for a limited period of years, only life insurance can guarantee the beneficiary an income for life. Only life insurance can assure a life income to the insured during his retirement years. As property, life insurance affords many distinct advantages. Mt.. Vernon 12th annual Veterans Reunion at City Park, July 2nd to Tth. Free acts and entertainment Gala fireworks 4th of July night, Learn the Facts Before Vaccinating For Fowl Pox Weigh the facts before deciding to vaccinate your flock against fowl pox, warns a University of Illinois veterinarian. Dr. J. O. Alberts says there are two things to consider before you decide to vaccinate: It isn't necessary to have your flock vaccinated unless you have had fowl pox on your farm recently or there's a chance it may spread from a neighboring farm. If you decide to vaccinate, include all birds on the farm. If some birds are left unvaccinated, they may get the disease from the vaccinated ones. To get the best results from vaccination, be sure the birds are healthy. Vaccinate them after they're 8 to 12 weeks old, but at least two months before they start to lay. It's also important to wait at least two weeks before using any other live-virus vaccine, such as Newcastle disease vaccine. Pigeon pox vaccine doesn't give such long-lasting immunity, Dr Alberts says, but the reaction is less severe. It can be used to give temporary protection when fowl pox threatens to strike an un vaccinated laying flock. Jefferson County 4-H Club Show Tuesday, July 10 The annual Jefferson County 4 H Club Show will be held at the Mt. Vernon State Fair grounds Tuesday, July 10. Here are some suggestions which may help you as ? 4-H'er. Agriculture Members To be eligible for a prize, your record book must be filled out as of July 7,-1951. Your leader will check your book. Do not bring your record book to the fair grounds. Dairy, beef, swine, sheep and colt projects should be brought to the Mt. Vernon Fair grounds Monday, July 9. All othei agriculture projects must be on display in the tent south of the grandstand by 9 a m. on July 10th. Livestock judging will start at 9 a. m. on July 10th. Members can make only one entry in a class and cannot show in more than three classes. All poultry exhibits will consist of two pullets and one cockerel. Exhibitors will furnish their own exhibition coops. Everyone who shows his or her project will receive a premium- providing they are achievement members at the end of the club year. All in Class A will receive blue ribbons and cash premiums. Same principle for Class B, C and D. Home Economics Members All record books must be up to date as of July 7, 1951. Your leader will check your book. Do not bring your record book to the fair grounds. A girl may make only one entry in each project which she has carried this club season. , All entries must be the girl's own work and must have been done this club season. All foods, room improvement and flower arrangement entries must be taken directly to the fairgrounds, Tuesday morning, July 10th. These must be entered by 9:00 a. m. to be eligible for prizes, as the judge needs to finish before room. Premiums and ribbons will be given to each girl who complies with the above suggestions and is an achievement member at the end of the club year. A parade before the grandstand of all 4-H club members, both agriculture and home economics and their leaders, is planned for Tuesday afternoon. Each club is asked to have a banner made of white cloth. 4-H Camping Season Is Here • Will some of you 4-H members attend the 4-H club camp this summer? The camping season is here, and every possible encouragement should be given to you members to attend camp. The experiences 4-H members have in camping are not only in t resting and different, but are valuable as well. You make new friends through wholesome ex periences. You learn through asso ciation how to better get along with others. You are taught to swim. You may participate in new kinds of handicraft and recreation. In addition you get a greater appreciation of nature and the out of doors and a.better understanding of democracy by practicing it in camp. Make every effort to have at lease one or two members from each club in Jefferson cbunty represented at the district 4-H camp at West Frankfort this year. The dates to camp are as follows— ages 10 through 13, July 30 to August 3. Ages 14 through 21, August 6 to 10. You may make reservations in the Farm Bureau office now. The camp fee for this year is $10 per camper. You must make a down payment of $5 when registering. Advance registration is necessary in order to make complete plans for camping. Get Booklet on Soybean Diseases Disease control is becoming an increasingly serious problem in the production of the millions of bushels of soybeans in Illinois. Farm Adviser Don Lee says high production at the expense of proper crop rotation, intense cultivation and larger acreages planted to single varieties has undoubtedly led to increased severity and prevalence of several of the diseases of soybeans. Breeding disease-resistant varieties is the most practical method of controlling soybean diseases, just as it is in all field crops, Lee says. Unfortunately, this is a long-time project. Until resistant varieties of soybeans adaptable to Illinois conditions become available, you must depend on such things as proper crop rotation and the use of clean, sound seed of adapted varieties to control losses resulting from disease. A new booklet has been prepared by the University of Illinois College of Agriculture at Urabana on "Soybean Diseases in Illinois." Sixteen of the most common diseases of soybeans in this state are listed, and the best control measures now known are given, Get a copy of'this booklet from the farm adviser's office. Check Your Results If Seed Treated With Liquid Fertilizer Farmers were urged today to check their results, closely if they treated their corn or small grain seed with liquid fertilizer before planting it this spring. C. M. Linsley, University of n linbis agronomist, says he recom mends watching results closely, because tests for the 1950 season at several midwestern experiment stations showed that there was no increase in yield for treating seed with liquid fertilizers. At the Ohio station treating the seed did not boost yields of corn, oats or soybeans. Other states reported similar results These are only one year's results but they're not encouraging. One of the common fertilizers used was a 5-10-5. The recom mendation was to mix one gallon of liquid fertilizer with one gallon of water and sprinkle this mixture on 6 bushels of seed. Linsley says 12 gallons of liquid 5-10-5 would treat seed corn for over 400 acres. So this would add the same amount of plant food as 100 pounds of dry 5-10-5 spread over 400 acres—which is pretty light. D. L. Mulvaney, L. B. Miller and A. L. Lang, Illinois soils men, treated some wheat seed last fall with 5-10-5 liquid fertilizer, and those results should be available after harvest this summer. WHAT THE ACIDITY TEST TELLS ABOUT YOUR SOIL I t SWEET SLIGHT ACIDITY MEDIUM ACIDITY STROM ACIDITY LIME REQUIRED „ . .-. • • i.l NONE 2 T0HS 3 TONS 4 TONS Tests for acidity should be made before limestone is applied because this test tells not only where limestone Is needed but how much Is needed to the acre. The testing of several million acres of farm land by the farm advisers and. the University of Illinois during the past 35 years has pointed this fact out very clearly. The soils on the same farm and in the same field can. and often does, vary widely in acidity and the need for limestone. Many farmers will guess off their limestone needs instead or talcing time to test, or maybe they will let the trucker decide how much to apply. Consequently, two tons are often applied where three or four ions are needed to correct the •cidlty. The result Is often a clover failure. Others may apply three or four tons where only two tons are needed and even where none la needed. The money for this extra limestone that Is not needed could be better spent for phosphate or potash that may be badly needed or for limestone for some other field where it is needed. In sweet soils where no limestone is required the test sample shows no color; slightly acid shows a pink color; medium acidity produces a medium red coir; and soils strongly acid yield a dark red color in the lest. The county farm adviser who Is the extension representative of the University of Illinois offers a soil testing service not only on acidity but phosphorus and potassium to all farmers In the county. Soil Scientist Will Head Dept. Of Agronomy When Dr. \V. L. Burlison retires on September 1 as head of the department of agronomy at the University of Illinois, his place will be taken by a young soil scientist from Cornell University. Dr. M. B. Russell. 37, professor of soil physics at Cornell, was approved last week by the University's Board of Trustees to head the agronomy work in the College of Agriculture Dean H. P. Rusk of the college paid tribute to the new head as "one of the really outstanding men in the field of agronomy." A native of Michigan, Dr. Russell graduated from Michigan State College in 1936. He received his M. S. degree from Iowa State College in 1937 and his Ph. D de- agree from there in 1939. He served as instructor, assistant professor and associate professor on the Iowa State College agronomy staff from 1939 until 1945, when he went to Cornell. Growing-Fattening Pigs Need Good Improved Pasture Good pasture is one of the best and cheapest swine feeds. It will help considerably in putting on the fastest gains at the lowest possible cost. Don Lee, Jefferson county Farm Adviser, recommends providing your growing-fattening pigs with good pasture throughout as much of the year as you can. Stretch the pasture season into the fall, winter and early spring with fall-sown rye. Use legume- grass pastures during the summer. Plow Early for Higher Soft Wheat Yields Early plowing preferably in July is one way Jefferson county wheat growers can grow and market larger yields of top-quality wheat, says Farm Arviser Don Lee. Where wheat follows wheat or small grain plowing immediately after harvesting will mean an increase of 3 to 5 bushels of wheat over yields obtained through late plowing. Besides early plowing, two other teps will help boost yields. Provide enough phosphate in the soil for wheat, and seed wheat after the Hessian fly-free date in early October. These three cultural practices are one part of a 6-point soft wheat improvement program in about 35 ' southern Illinois counties, explains the adviser. This program is sponsored by the Agricultural Extension Service of the Illinois College of Agriculture. If the previous crop is oats or wheat, Don says to plow in July or at least by early August to a depth of 6 to 7 inches to turn under all stubble wheat. Then follow about a month later with a good disking or to kill volunteer wheat and thus some type of thorough cultivation reduce Hessian fly numbers. . Early plowing is profitable, the adviser said, because it increases yields and gets rid of the Hessian fly before planting time by killing volunteer. [ Farmer's Exchange For Sale: Bred Hampshire gilts; for early fail farrow. Will sell by weights. A. E. Drennan & Sons, Ina, Illinois. . For Sale: 1949 Chevrolet 2-door Styleline Deluxe—radio, heater, plastic seat covers. Low mileage. 11 miles north Tolle road. Chas. Simmons, Texico. 111. For Sale: Registered Hampshire buck sheep, 4 years old. J. O. Campbell. Texico. 111. For Sale: Registered yearling Guernsey bull. George McCauley, Route 6, Mt. Vernon, 111. For Sale: 25 bushel recleaned Lincoln sov beans. Ralph Mcpherson. 1997-J, Mt. Vernon, 111. For Sale: Cheap—Knox Meal Master range. Also 200-lb. Warm Morning stove. Ruis H. Garrison, Mt. Vernon, 111. , For Sale: American saddle horse, A year old dark grey gelding; 5 year old sorrel mare, broke to ride and drive. Baled timothy hay. Ruis H. Garrison, Mt. Vernon, 111. „ For S''le: Barbed wire; fencing; steel posts; hog feeders; other steel products. Jefferson Service Company, phone 2560. We said YES! when everybody else said NO! During the depression and drouth, everybody else told farmers "No, we aren't making loans." But the Land Bank Cooperative Credit System said "YES! WE ARE READY TO SERVE YOU IN BAD TIMES AS WELL AS IN GOOD TIMES." When you need a farm loan, get your loan from the organization that has PROVED its ability to "stand by" the farmer ALL THE TIME. Get your LAND BANK LOAN from your NATIONAL FARM LOAN ASSOCIATION P !0ie £RS /'30rZlM and ttili leading the way with America's best farm loan! FRANK M. CASE, Sec.-Treas. — Phone 2250-J medical nursing expense hospital bills ambulance service transportation iron lung expense See the Insurance Representative a4 your Farm Bureau Of fie* COUNTRY LIFE INSURANCE CO.-mi OLIVER SCHRADER General Agent Soil Fertility Losses High on Almost Level Land Soil fertility loses on practically level land are more serious than most of us realize. Don Lee, Jefferson County Farm Advisor, says runoff studies on the University of Illinois agricultural farm show that plant food losses have reached $18 an acre each year. That is the value, figured at current prices, of plant, foods lost from land with less than a 2 percent slope. Farmers' experience definitely To Tour Dixon Springs July 24 Farmers of Jefferson county will have an opportunity to tour the Dixon Springs Experiment Station July 24. Arrangements have been made with Bob Webb, superintendent of the project, to start the tour from the Administration puilding at. 10:00 a. m. shows that a complete soil conservation plan cuts erosion losses to the bone. And it will pay for itself within a 5-8 years through higher crop yields. and then came the^dai *Too Soon- FOR HAIL HAD HIT IN THI NIOHT.... WMCKID CHOPS WRICKID INCOMI. •Too Late- POR HI HAD POSTPONID PLANS TO OIT CROP HAIL IN5URANC! TO PROTICT THAT INCOMI. See your Iusurance Representative x in tVe Flarmi Bureau Office. COUNTRY MUTUAL FIRE COMPANY OLIVER SCHRADER General Agent Feed Sows BLUE SEAL Pig and Sow Supplement Blue Seal Pig and Sow Supplement contains everjp* thing needed by the sow during gestation and suckling periods to farrow and wean large litters of strong, sturdy pigs. It is a highly fortified com. plete and well-balanced feed, high in proteins, and the necessary vitamin* and minerals for most profitable production. In addition, VITAMIN Byg and ANTIBIOTIC FEED SUPPLEMENT increase liability as weH as to make healthier and faster growing pigs. See tyote* %>lue Seal StUe &Htfut JEFFERSON SERVICE CO. TELEPHONE, 2560 "FiMtt Iff KM F «m*| GIT INSTANT LUBRICATION protection with Illini winter-grade motor' oil. A high percentage of engine wear takes place during th« warm-up period."Illini winter oil flows at low temperatures and reaches moving parts instantly. This fast action results from "Balanced Blending" of de-waxed, high viscosity index stock* selected for winter operation. GIT COMPUTE LUBRICATION protection at all operating temperatures. After initial warm-up period lubricating oil must again function to dissipate heat of combustion. Today's engines with their higher compression ratios, smaller clearances between moving parts, and smaller volumes of lubricants in the crankcase result in high operating temperatures and increased amounts of contaminants in the lubricant IHini is built to withstand these condition*. WHO DRIVES THE BLUE AND WHITE TRUCK JEFFERSON SERVICE CO. TELEPHONE 2560

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