The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on April 1, 1998 · Page 16
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 16

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Wednesday, April 1, 1998
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C2 WEDNESDAY, APRIL 1, 1998 FOOD THE SALINA JOURNAL V SUPERMARKET SAMPLER Ginkgo, antioxidants spike all-natural sodas All Natural What's new on the grocers' shelves: Beverage Blue Sky Premium Ginseng Sodas With Ginkgo & ~ Antioxidants — Cranberry- Raspberry, Orange Ginger, and Citrus Squeeze; $3.49 per package of six 12-ounce cans. Bonnie: There must be a blue moon in the sky, as I hardly ever recommend soda. But Blue Sky is a rare soda sighting. Not on- * ly do these sodas not contain artificial colors, flavors or preservatives, but they do T VEGETARIANISM CAROLYN WYMAN • BONNIE TANDY LEBLANG Universal Press contain added antioxidant vitamins along with two currently hot supplements, ginkgo and ginseng. Purportedly, ginseng helps the body cope with stress, and ginkgo, with memory loss and depression. Otherwise these are like other sodas in that they are mainly sugar. My "soda" preference therefore remains a splash of seltzer or club soda in naturally nutrient- rich orange juice (which is also now available in fortified forms). Carolyn: Remember when the focus of food nutrition was good things like vitamins and minerals rather than the bad things like fat and cholesterol? Well food-fortification is back as the so-called nu- traceutial trend. But the vehicle has changed from bread and cereal to drinks like these new sodas. Blue Sky Premium All Natural Sodas look and taste like the "natural" New Age drinks of five to 10 years ago (i.e., very lightly sweetened and colored). But they've also been pumped up with antioxi- dants (the new name for some vitamins) and the latest rumored cure-alls from the natural healing community. I don't have any problem with natural healthy products that taste good and are reasonably priced, but these sodas are pretty weak on flavor and high on price. I'm too stressed out and depressed to remember if the ginseng and ginkgo delivered and other benefits. Candy Jolly Rancher Jolly Beans Jelly Beans — $1.99 per 14-ounce bag. Also available in 7-ounce bags. Bonnie: Looking for a fat-free candy? Try jelly beans, like these new intensely flavored ones from the makers of the intensely flavored Jolly Rancher candies. Just keep in mind that all jelly beans are basically artificially colored and flavored sugar. Sure, the Smucker's and Starburst beans Universal Press These sodas are pretty weak on flavor and pretty high on price, according to Carolyn, the junk food fan. claim to contain fruit juices, but that just means they're made with stripped fruit juice concentrates, otherwise known as sugar. Carolyn: As much as I may Cookbook author influences diets Vegan wants people to eat their vegetables and not meat products By DALE HOPPER The Associated Press BALTIMORE — As more people put lentils and tofu on their dinner plate instead of meat, Debra Wasserman can take some credit. With a half-dozen cookbooks, a bimonthly magazine and endless speeches, the co-director of the Vegetarian Resource Group has been reminding people for more than 15 years to eat their vegetables — and only their vegetables. "I can't even imagine eating meat any more," Wasserman said. Vegetarian Resource Group grew out of a local organization Wasserman founded with her husband, Charles Stahler, in 1982. They had both been members of a vegetarian group in Washington "I can't even imagine eating meat any more." Debra Wasserman co-director, Vegetarian Resource Group and were trying to replicate the service. At the time Wasserman, 40, was relatively new to vegetarianism. She had never even considered it until a few years earlier while in graduate school. She was known as the token pacifist and a classmate asked why she ate food that required killing animals. "I said, 'Well, that's different.' But right away I thought, 'Good point,' "Wasserman said. Now she is a "vegan," someone who eats no animal products including dairy, eggs, poultry and fish. To make it easier for her Jewish relatives and others to eat without meat, she spent years creating "No Cholesterol Passover Recipes" and "The Low- fat Jewish Vegetarian Cookbook." The string of categories in the second title struck her family as hilarious and landed Wasserman a spot on ABC's "Good Morning America." She just thinks of it as logical marketing, like her first book, "Meatless Meals for Working People." "It's geared to someone who's living on McDonald's and wants to eat healthier," she said of "Meatless Meals." All of the meals can be made quickly, unlike the gourmet vege- tarian books that were being published in the early 1980s when it first came out, she said. The book includes information on which fast food qualifies as vegetarian. For instance, Burger King french fries qualify, but McDonald's french fries, flavored with a "beef product," don't. That kind of research, much of it carried out by registered dietitians who donate their time, has been a hallmark of the group. The resource group, with 17,000 dues-paying members and a budr get of $600,000, is the largest organization in the country devoted primarily to vegetarianism, said Lige Weill, president of the Vegetarian Awareness Network in Washington. With the resource group, Wasserman's influence is growing into areas where vegetarians have never gone before. Last year, she helped the National Meals on Wheels Foundation put together a vegetarian meal option. Rules / Fasting occurred in famine FROM PAGE C1 churches). "The new generation fasts for one or two weeks before Easter," says Agni Charalambous Thurner, a Greek Cypriot living in Belmont, Mass. This was true at home in Cyprus, where she remembers only her mother's generation adhering to all food bans. Despite a demanding job at Harvard Business School and two small children, she and her husband, John, keep up their pace all week. The fast "makes you feel closer to the religion." she says. "It makes you feel that you're contributing toward your sins to be forgiven. It prepares your body and your soul for Easter." Parishioners who eat simply during Lent can offer to the hungry what they save on their own food, says the Reverend James Field, director of the Office for Worship at the Archdiocese of Boston. "This is fasting for a purpose. The fruit of the fasting will see to the needs of the poor." Historically, writes Bridget Ann Henisch in "Fast and Feast, Food in Medieval Society" (Penn State, 1976), Lent "was entered with some sinking of the heart." Forty days was a long time for a fast with very strict rules. Basically, Christians abstained from all flesh and only ate one meal a day. Still, Lenten fasting rules were open to interpretation even in the Middle Ages. First imposed in the fourth century, Lent precedes the most important holiday on the Christian calendar. It began as a 40-hour fast to commemorate the length of time Jesus lay in the tomb. At some point in the fourth century, the 40 hours expanded to 40 days. Forty days was the time traditionally used in the Bible to describe difficult and dramatic moments, such as Moses' stay on Mt. Sinai, the Hebrew prophet Elijah fleeing Queen Jezebel, and Jesus fasting in the desert. Ancient Lenten fasting laws were part of the initiation that led to the Easter baptismal, says the 6147 BOfDKD • ROSSV1LLE,KS (6533 (785) 584-6050 Sod Cut Fresh Upon Order Available For Pick Up or Delivery Commercial and Residential archdiocese's Field. Adults who followed the Roman civil religion were converting to Christianity and fasting in preparation for baptism. "Gradually the faithful joined the fast in solidarity of those being baptized," he says. By the Middle Ages, fasting'be- came "unhinged," he says. Detached as it was from the baptism ritual, Lent "floated on its own." That detachment eroded the practice until the Second Vatican Council lifted Lenten fasting rules in the late 1960s. "The picture changed quite quickly," says Field. "Somehow we had lost sight of the real value and purpose. Now we're coming back to discover the spiritual dimensions." Lack of food in spring Sixteen centuries ago, spiritual cleansing came at a high cost. Famine was often a threat and a diet that forbade flesh and didn't make allowances for those who lived far from water imposed a real sacrifice. Around the 12th century, when the rules of Lent were codified, the church started enforcing it seriously. At one point, Catholics fasted for 166 days a year, which included Lent. This meant extreme deprivation. There wasn't much food left anyway. The end of winter, especially in Northern Europe, meant a lean larder, and sheep about to give birth though there was little fodder. Some anthropologists maintain that this lack of food in the weeks leading to spring is one of the reasons Lent was imposed in the first place. Attaching religious significance mobilized the population. "Food rules are so hard to figure out," says Amy Trubeck, an anthropologist who teaches at the New England Culinary Institute in Montpelier, Vt. "It's often a mixture of trying to create order of some sort, both social and psychological, and some pragmatic problem they're trying to solve — like availability. "Certainly the period between February and April would be the 4th 6 5th of April. 1998 greatest potential period for famine, so socially regulated food intake through fasting rules makes sense," says Trubeck. Ellen Messer, an anthropologist at Brown University who specializes in food and nutrition, likes to think about the whole picture when she begins to consider why customs remain for centuries. That means examining a range of interactions between the population and its environment, spiritual components of the people, their social relations, and their relationship with authority. "Customs wouldn't persist unless they were good for the persistence of the system," says Messer. Agricultural shortages are just a piece of this, she maintains. "You basically had to give the cows a rest. This was actually quite good for the renewal of the herd." It worked both ways, she said. At a time the herd was stressed for fodder anyway, the church told people to stop eating meat. "What the custom does is to accentuate the period of deprivation and give it a spiritual content," she says. Sanctifying the fast infused it with religious purpose. People could live until spring. Without meat, fish was in high demand. "Fish, providentially, escaped God's curse on the earth by living in the water," writes Henisch in "Fast and Feast." "Water," she writes, washed away "the sins of the world in Noah's Flood, and the sins of the individual in baptism. Fish was plentiful, fish was cheap, and in the season of Lent, fish was king." Because of rigid laws imposed on the poor, they couldn't fish in the local rivers, but they could catch small fish in streams. Manor ponds and lakes were stocked with fish in September to ensure a good supply by Ash Wednesday, but the fishing spots were the lords' domain, and they didn't necessarily give fishing rights to their peasants. That left the poor with a single option. Herring, mostly red herring, was the affordable common fish. These were preserved in salt, which made them hard and unpleasant. By the end of Lent, herrings were so despised, writes Henisch, that it became the custom to add hot mustard to disguise them. This practice continues today. In part because of the monotony of the diet, Lenten rules kept changing during the Middle Ages. Only one meal a day was allowed, but there were certain tiny foods that were so small, one could hardly consider them meals. "The one concession to human weakness was the collation, a very light snack, no more than a drink and a morsel of bread, to be eaten just before bedtime," writes Henisch. PRING BATHER SATURDAY, APRIL 4th Our spring merchandise specials are "gathered" in our 15 downtown retail stores for your day of shopping in historic downtown ELLS WO O C.O.W.B.O.Y. SOCIETY f\ 5RING GATHER C.O.W.B.O.Y.S. ENCAMPMENT TRAIL RIM • CHUCKWACON MEALS • 1870'S BALL FAST DHAW COMPETITION • HISTORICAL PRESENTATIONS STORIES (, SINCIN' 'ROUND THE CAMPFIRE WILD TEXAS COWBOY CONTEST • MODEL RR DISPLAY "LlVt" COWBOY ACTION SHOOTING KANSAS' LARGEST COWBOY ENCAMPMENT EVERYONE IS WELCOME! THE COWBOY SHOP 119 N. Douglas » (785) 472-4703 Ellsworth • e-mail: thcowboy@ellsworth.net 4th 6 5th of April. 1998 rp ELLSWORTH COWBOYT \T IRADE SHOW on the Plaza throughout the day HOLSTERS • SADDLES • BOOTS • HATS • CLOTHES COWBOY GUNS « KNIVES • ARTWORK OLD-TIME COWBOY COLLECTIBLES • in ki... "ANYTHING 'N EVERYTHING COWBOY" EVERYONE IS WELCOME! (785) 827-3229 e-mail: jbaringer@mldkan.com have disagreed with Ronald Reagan's trickle-down economics and defense build-up, I had to respect his policy of "a jar of jelly beans in every White House office." Whether it's because of his presidential example or America's fear of fattier candies, jelly beans are now more popular than .ever. The proof is in the way the'for- merly anonymous and huriible treat has recently been adopted by candy giants such as M&M/Mars (Starburst), Brach & Brock (Smucker's) and Hershey (with this new Jolly Rancher brand). Jolly Rancher is one case where the difference is more than-just package deep. Jolly Rancher Jolly Beans do deliver the promised strong fruit flavors of its namesake fruit chew candies, although not the citrus-acid sharpness of its two biggest national competitors. Bonnie Tandy Leblang is a registered dietitian and co-author of "Beans" (Harmony Books). Carolyn Wyman is a junk food fanatic and author of "The Kitchen Sink Cookbook" (Birch Lane Press). Each week they critique new food items. Be a part of the Salina Journal's Easter Service Guide. Your church name, pastor's name, address, & services can be listed on this guide on Psalm Sunday, April 5, and on Saturday, April U,fot only $15:00 Deadline: , , s , *esday> April 1,1998 Authentic Chinese Food Prepared From Scratch By Our Skilled Oriental Chefs Save $1.00 ; Available Only at our Chinese Kitchens at the following locations in Salina: • 9th and Magnolia Prices Good April 1-7,1998. LOSE BRESS SIZES IN 30 DAYS! 047*3099 WEIGHT LOSS CLINICS

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