Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on December 31, 1936 · Page 122
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 122

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Mason City, Iowa
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Thursday, December 31, 1936
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Page 122
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—2_Sec. C MASON CITY GLOBE-GAZETTE, DECEMBER 31 M 1936 Abdication of King Edward Rated Biggest News Story of 1936 M. ... , : ~ ~ . . . STRIFE IN SPAIN AND ELECTION IN LIST OF 1 0 BEST Weather, With Records for Cold and Heat, Drought, Floods, Included. By RALPH B. STEVENS (Globe-G»iette Newi Editor) Selecting the 10 best news stories of 1936, a year which saw events of such tremendous world and national importance, is a difficult problem at best, and ar- langing thorn in order of news interest and real or potential importance makes it doubly so. A King Abdicates — Perhaps to the United States, the political campaign and election that saw President Roosevelt and his followers of the new deal swept back into office by even greater majorities than they achieved power in 1932 is the rvcnt closest to the welfare of this country alone. But for a story that intrigued every corner of the globe, crowding other events off first pages of newspapers all over the world, and one that caused a constitutional crisis in the greatest | empire on earth, the abdication of King Edward VIII of Great Brit- | am takes first rank. The romantic angle, furnished by Mrs. Wallis Warficld Simpson, added to inten-st in the story— perhaps it was the main interest- giving the whole affair a "cinder- ella-like'' aspect Again, the fact) that Mrs. Simpson, twice preyi- ' ously wed, was born in Baltimore. attracted heightened interest in this country. Tied up with the king's abdication and accession to the throne of his brother as George VI was the impetus siven to the movement to separate church and state in England, inspired partly by attacks of ruling bishops of the Church of England Provided Year's Biggest Story were in special session to pass unemployment insurance bills so that their states could qualify for their shares of collections made for the year under the provisions of the federal social security act. Olympic Games— The Olympic games we:?, the biggest sports event of 1936, as they have been every year in which they were held. Political and racial squabbles reared an ugly head in the last Olympics which were held in Germany. Debated for months preceding the gamei was the question as to whether United States athletes shoiOd refuse to attend on grounds that the land of Hitler was unfair in its treatment of the Jew. When it was definitely decided to send a team and let Germany handle its own problems, trouble again appeared. On the way over, Mrs. Eleanor Holm Jarrett, backstroke swimming champion, was suspended from the United States team for setting a bad example in indulging in champagne parties and was barred from competing. She. countered with accusations against officials of the A. A. U. ] and engaged in a .newspaper interview bvawl with President Avery Brundage which finally died down. TEN BEST NEWS STORIES OF 1936 1. Abdication of King Edward VIII. 2. Civil war in Spain. 3. United States political campaign and election. 4. Weather—extremes, drought, flood. 5. Bruno Richard Hauptmann's execution. 6. Italy's conquest of Ethiopia. 7. Split in American Federation of Labor. 8. Inter-American peace conference. 9. Social security legislation. 10. Olympic games: WALLIS WARFIELD SIMPSON loyally of Anna Hauptmann, Bruno Richard's wife, and presence in the sordid drama Hauptmann's own infant son. on Edward, now Duke of Wind- ; , sor. and his ways ot life and > is I Roman Empire friends. | The past year saw Spaniards Battle — Second, .because of its greater worldwide interest and the threat it presents of general European war, is placed the civii war in Spain between fascist, royalist and various reactionary elements on one hand and the elected govern- and child welfare, public health and aid to the blind, of As 1936 drew to a close, several nate legislatures, including Iowa's, *'11C II CI lilt UiiW vi.v — — a - ment supported for the time being by anarchists, communists, socialists and other so-called radical groups. One of the touchiest features, and consequently one which helps make the story of the war one of the major ones of 1936, is the aid given the rebeling fascists by Italy and Germany and the support of the government forces by Russia and the resultant accusa- itons traded by these major European nations. New Deal Triumphs— The United States election can be placed no lower than third in importance. In ir. the American public thrust aside republican j charges of bureaucracy, fascist leanings and constitutional viola- lions made agains'; the new deal and gave Alf M. Landon, the G. O. P. nominee, only eight electoral votes—those of Maine and Vermont—out of a total of 531. It pointed the way to a major story of 1937—how the president and congress, receiving the new- deal feels, a mandate from the people to carry out the objectives of the NRA and the AAA and other laws nullified or made impotent by supreme court decisions, will carry out that mandate— whether an amendment to the constitution, increasing powers of .... ,___. _. Mussolini and his Italy complete their conquest of Ethiopia while the league of nations stood by helplessly wringing its hands The transformation of King Victor Immanuel- short statured "monarch" of the boot shaped European nation, into an emperor was of much greater significance than a tri- Some Others— In choosing the list of 10, naturally some important news stories of the year were slighted. There was the death of King George V of Great Britain, following so soon, after the celebration of his 25 "years of reign—a big story in its own right despite the fact that it was so quickly overshadowed by the abdication of the eldest son who succeeded him to the throne. \ There were the Japanese assassinations in February in which militarists seized government buildings in Tokio and killed several high officials. In nearby China, Marshal Chang Hsueh- Liang revolted and kidnaped Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, head of the Nanking government, and „_.„_ demanded war against Japan, i.ed in house. Chang was warlord in Manchou-| May 18—Guffe; kuo before Japan took over that territory as a protectorate. Hitler continued to wreck postwar agreements by marching troops into the demilitarized Rhinelar.d zone in March. Following are other of the "hot spots" in the news of 1936: Domestic— j an . 6—Supreme court decided was unconstitutional. Jan. 13—Supreme court ordered return of impounded processing taxes. Jan. 27—Senate passed baby bond bonus bill over presidential veto. Feb. 24—Maj. Gen. Johnson Hagood removed from command for criticizing administration. Feb. 28—Interstate commerce commission cut basic railway fares to 2 cants a mile. Feb. 29—President signed revised neutrality act. •Completed Boulder dam turned over to reclamation service. March 3—President in message to congress proposed new taxes of $1.137,000,000. March 4—Completed N o r r i s clared invalid by supreme court. June 11—Gov. Alf M. Landon of Kansas nominated ' for president by republicans. June 12—Republicans nominated Frank Knox of Chicago for vice president. > JiJne 26—Franklin D. Roosevelt renorninated by acclamation iby democrats. June 27—John N. Garner re- nominated for vice presidency. Sept. 3 — President Roosevelt met Governor Landon and. six other midwest governors at Des Moines in drought relief conference. Sept. 26—Flour mill workers' strike in Minneapolis ended by compromise. Oct. 30—Strike of 37,000 mari- Hungary strengthened their alliance. April 17—Turkey remilitarized the Dardanelles in violation of Leusar.ne treaty. May 18—United States senate ratified new London naval treaty. Sept 6—France snd Poland signed a military treaty. Sept. 23—Japanese marines occupied part of Shanghai after one bluejacket was killed by Chinese Nov. 16—Germany and Italy recognized Franco's fascist government of Spain. Nov. 25—Germany and Japan signed Agreement to fight spread of communism.-Foreign— March 9—New Japanese cabinet headed by Koki Hirota installed. March 29—Germany gave Hitler almost unanimous vole in reichstag elections. April 1—Austria decreed general conscription, violating St. Germain treaty. April 10—Mexican government expelled former President Calles. May 10—Manuel Azana made president of Spain. May 20—Miguel Mariano Gomez inaugurated president of Cuba. June 7—Million French workers won strike as employes accepted "NRA :I of Premier Blum. July 5—Foes of Premier Blum rioted in Paris. Aug. 19—Zinoviev, Kamenev uci. ju—ourute iu o.,i:yu uian- i and H others pleaded guilty to" time workers tied up Pacific coast | COTSpiracy to kill Stalin and seize shipping. ' - - • • Nov. 17 — President Roosevelt started on trip to Buenos Aires. R. G. Tugv/ell resigned as assistant secretary of agriculture and resettlement administrator. Nov. 23—U. S. supreme court upheld Nev York state's unem- dam opened by President Roosevelt. April 6—Supreme court decision curbed powers of securities exchange commission. , .. May 1—Alvin. Karpis, "public I March 12—French senate rati- enemy No. 1," captured in New I fied mutual assistance treaty with Orleans. | Russia. May 13--Frazier-Lemke farm I March 21—United States. Brit- mortgage refinancing bill defeat- I ain and France agreed on treaty _,j ,•„ v~,,..« I limiting size of battleships. •y coal act de-1 March 22—Italy, Austria and control of soviet Russia. Au?. 24—Sixteen Russian conspirators executed by firing squad. Sept. 25—French government decided to abandon gold standard and devaluate the franc. Nov. 7—Spanish government fled from Madrid to Valencia, ployment iterance law. . Dec. 22—Cuban house of repre- I , • | i sentatives votes to impeach Pres| International • jident Gomez for opposing sugar I Jan. 15—Japan withdrew from j tax bill. ' naval conference in London. Disasters— Jan. 9—Earthquake killed several hundred persons in Colombia. j an . 12—Thirty-four drowned when freighter Iowa foundered at mouth of Columbia river. Jan. 14—American Airlines plane crashed in a swamp in Arkansas, killing 17. April 6—Tornado killed more than 150 at Gainesville, Ga. April 7—Eleven killed when TWA airliner hit mountain near TJniontown, Pa. July 4 — Independence day deaths smashed record with 444 lulled over nation. July 29—Fifteen men drowned when sand motorship upset at Chicago. Aug. 14—Twenty-two men and boys killed in trainwreck near Louisville, Quebec. Sept. 5—Ten persons killed in crash of sightseeing "plane near Pittsburgh, Pa. Sept. 13—Avalanche at Loen, Norway, killed 74. Sept. 16—Dr. Jean Charcot, famous French polar explorer, and 59 others drowned in shipwreck. Sept. 18—Hurricane swept Atlantic coast of United States; seven killed. Sept. 27—Forest fires in southwestern Oregon virtually destroyed Bandon and attacked three other towns: nine known dead. Oct 17 — Nineteen drowned when Canadian ship Sand Merchant foundered in Lake Erie. Oct. 18—Destructive earthquake in northeastern Italy killed 25. . Nov. 8 — Hamburg - American motorship Isis foundered off Land's End, England; 39 drowned. i\; ov . 16—Explosion of French powder plant near Marseilles killed 34 and injured 200. Nov. 19—Thousand killed when dam in Japan burst. Nov. 24—Nine lulled and scores injured in Chicago elevated train wreck. Nov. 30—Crystal don, burned. palace. Lon- DR. J. G. CRAVEN DENTIST PRACTICE LIMITED TO PLATE WORK It FIRST STREET S E MASON C IT SIOUX CITY 1937 JANUARY 1937 ----- congress along be sought. certain lines, wil Always Weather- umph of modern military methods and equipment over savage warriors whose only advantage lay in the rough terrain of their own country and whose spears and ancient rifles could not compete with il duce's machine guns, air- 'planes and tanks. The acquisition of the African state by Italy marked the second time the league had been bluffed out—previously Japan had done the trick. It proved to the world that the powers, Great Britain, France and the rest, were not going to take any real steps to punish and thwart an aggressor unless their own interests were sufficiently involved. Labor Divides— John L. Lewis and his committee for industrial organization threatened by its activities to split the American Federation of Labor into two rival groups of unions. Lewis, head of United Mine Workers of America, and vice president of the A. F. of L., clashed with William Green, successor to Samuel Gompers as president of the federation, and the "conservative' 1 f a c ti o n of labor over admission of large groups of poorly organized or unorganized workers under a system of industrial unions as opposed to the craft unionism sponsored by Gompers and Green. The year 1936 saw the 10 first 10 major news events, set- ling new records ior extreme cold iluring the win'.er months and new marks for neat when summer came, accompanied by an almost nationwide drought. As a .further bid for fame, nature's elements, in the form of melting snows and rainfall, caused one of the worst floods in history in eastern United States during the spring, with the death toll placed ?t 171 and property damage at 5500,000,000. Pennsylvania, Maryland and New England suffered most. Hauptmann Dies— The evening of April 3 found the nation waiting breathlessly, and finally it learned that Bruno Richard Hauptmann had been ex- pcuted in the New Jersey electric chair at 8:43 p. m. ior the murder r.f Charles A. Lindbergh, Jr. It was the climax 'o one of the -rcatest emotional stories ever developed around a national hero, one that began with the kidnaping of the noted flyer's infant son, grew with the payment of $50,000 ransom, the finding of the siain child's body, the tracing of the ransom notes, the arrest of the German immigrant who sneaked jMtn this country, his trial and conviction, the debate over his guilt and innocence that did not end when a jury pronounced him guilty and the delays of execution granted by New Jersey's Gov. Harold G. Hoffman. Thousands of peop'.e refused to believe to the last that .Haupt-. mann would be put to death, confident the threat of execution wa» being held over his head to extract a full statement of the crime, naming accomplices many felt the Bronx carpenter must have had. The story -vas jriven a further touch of pathos by the wn? not a complete victory for the "aristocrats of labor'' who supported Green's views. The Green faction was not anxious to lose a third of the federation's membership and sought to compromise, refraining from expelling the rebels. Lewis refused to compromise and the war carried over into 1937. Good Neighbor— President Roosevelt's policy of the "good neighbor" saw expression in the Inter-American peace conference at which he made an address on its opening day at Buenos Aires, Argentina, Dec. 1. Twentv-one nations of North, Central and South America were represented in an effort to keep the new world free from old world quarrels. A move to set up an American "league of nations" mel opposition from Brazil and Argentina, but from all sides came expressions of union against aggression and of approval for pacts intended to keep America neutral in case of war abroad. The major accomplishment of the conference was the formal guarantee of peace by all 21 American republics instead of by the United States alone. Social Security— Included as a big factor in the story of the election campaign and its issues, but big enough to rate as a "best story" in its own right, was the social security act of the last congress. As yet untouched by any action of the supreme court, .provisions of the bill taxing employers for unemployment compensation went into effect in 1936. The bill has three main divisions, unemployment insurance, federal old age benefits and grants to states for various; social purposes, including old age assistance, aid to dependent children, maternal SA1 FRI TUB MON SUN EIGHTY EMPLOYEES TWELVE TRUCKS Servicing One Hundred and Sixty Towns LYONS PHONE 600 CLEANERS— LAUNDERERS FURRIERS

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