The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts on August 24, 1963 · Page 1
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The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts · Page 1

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Saturday, August 24, 1963
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transcript North Adams — Adams — Williamstown • Massachusetts 120THYEAR* NO. 64 SATURDAY. AUGUST 24,1963 14 PAGES * 8 CENTS IT'S BETWEEN THEM — Mrs. Anne <?uast Welts, Mr. Vernon, Wash., feacher, rumples hair of Peggy Conley, 16-year-old Spokane, Wash., high school student after they won their semi-final matches in USGA Women's Amateur Golf Championship Tournament at Williamstown yesterday. They squared off in 36-hole finals at 9 a.m. today. Vietnamese Students Spearhead Protest Move Against Diem Rule SAIGON, South Viet Nam (AP) —Vietnamese students acted today to spearhead a growing protest move against President Ngo Dinh Diem's regime, now functioning on a strongly military basis. Call fnr General Strike With most Buddhist leaders trader arrest, the students took over leadership of the anti-government campaign. They called for a general student strike in the capital and backed up the call with two demonstrations at Saigon University. Students in Hue, where the Buddhist crisis exploded May 8 with raids on a Buddhist temple, went on strike alst week. Today's demonstrations In the capital violated martial law in effect since Wednesday. The students acclaimed ex-Foreign Minister Vu Van Mau as their hero in one jostling, cheering display by more than 1,000 demonstrators at the law faculty building, a demonstration with which police did not interfere. But nearly a score of trucks carrying police poured into the area as 500 students gathered nt the science faculty to urge their dean to resign. The meeting was broken up without incident when soldiers, secret police, city police and firemen moved onlo the campus. Demand Buddhists' Hclease MAU, who shaved his head like a Buddhist monk's and resigned in protest against government policies toward Buddhists, told his Glen Gray Dies; Led Casa Loma Band for Years PLYMOUTH, Mass. fAP>—Bnml leader Glen Gray, whose Casa Loma Orchestra entertained two generations of dancing Americans died yesterday at Jordan Hospital. He was f>3. Gray had made his home in Plymouth since 1050 when (he touring Casa Lomnns were disbanded. He had continued to record with studio bands however. Gray, torn in Ronnoke, III., was a snxaphonisl who worked iniltnl- ly wilh the hand of Jean Ooldkeltc. The Casa Loma Orchestra was an outgrowth of Ihc Goldkcltc band and-organized as a cooperative, Hie first such venture in (he band business, with musicians sharing profils. The orchestra played the nation's lop theatres and dance halls and attained considerable popularity in college circles. Among ils best known recordings were "No Name Jive," "Smoke Rings," nnd "Casa Loma Stomp." Gray came ont of retirement in l!Kfi to supervise recording sessions with studio bands. These record dales produced several popular albums which recreated the stylos of oilier bunds of the 30s, 4fls and 50s. Gray, hnmlsome and wavy- haired, was elected leader of the orchestra, it wns said, because of his excellent stage presence. Gray, « curved by his widow, Ihc former Mnrion Douglass, and a son Douglass, Funeral arrangements arc in- complelc. hearers that s faculty delegation called on President Ngo Dinh Diem Friday to demand the release of more than 1,000 Buddhist monks, nuns and students arrested since martial law was proclaimed. For more than sn hour, the milling students clustered around Man, shouting nnd applauding, often drowning out his words. Armed troops and police watched from a street outside the law faculty building but made no attempt to interfere. The demonstration wore itself out. Meantime, Mail's status was complicated by Diem's refusal to accept the foreign minister's resignation. Instead, Diem granted Mau three months' official leave, the official Viet Nam news agency said, and appointed Truong Cong Cuu to act as foreign secretary. Cuu hns been coordinating secretary of state for cultural and social affairs. Nguyen Him Dong, a student leader who attends the architecture school, said a committee has been formed to spearhead the student protest movement. He said appeals for aid were being dispatched to foreign capitals. Tlie official news agency said troops and police enforcing martial law in Binh Thuan province arrested 43 persons at the Binh Quang pagoda and the Buddhist Association chapter pagoda in Phan Thiet city Wednesday night. Diem's government announced Friday that while martial law remains in effect, all ministries will take orders from the military. Lodge Ye I (o See Diem The State Department in Washington said Mau's resignation as foreign minister was one factor delaying Henry Cabot Lodge, the new U.S. ambassador, in presenting his credentials to Diem. There had been no American contact with Diem since martial law was declared through Saturday morning, although U.S. authorities had lalked wilh other Saigon officials, including Diem's brother Ngo Dinh Nhu, who is head of the secret police. A statement by Richard !. Phillips, State Department press officer, said U.S. aid for Viet Nam in the fight against Communist guerrillas would continue. "There has been no change in our basic policy of assisting Viet Nam in its prosecution of the war against the Communist Viet Cong," he said. Dirksen Predicts Senate to Sustain Big Foreign Aid Cut WASHINGTON (AP) — Senate Republican leader Everett M. Dirksen of Illinois predicted today tiie Senate may sustain a $585-mil)ion foreign aid cut voted by the House, a slash President Kennedy called "short-sighted, irresponsible and dangerously partisan." Kennedy Grim Kennedy spoke out grimly at a special While House news conference Friday shortly after a coalition of House Republicans and conservative Democrats rolled up a 222-188 vote to slice that amount out of wlmt had been a $4.1-billion authorization measure. The House then quickly passed the bill on a 224-18(i vote and sent it to the Senate with a $3.5-billion ceiling. This was $' billion short of the amount Kennedy requested. Asserting that House Republicans had abandoned bipartisanship, Kennedy appealed to both parties in the Senate to boost the authorization so that the House will have a chance to reconsider ils "irresponsible, unwarranted and unwise action" when it is offered a compromise, Dirksen said in an interview the temper of the country is such that he thinks the Senate may sustain the cut. "The overriding thing behind the House's action is Hint we have been giving assistance of some kind for 19 years at an investment of more ths.n $100 billion and the country is getting fed up on foreign aid," the Illinois senator said. "The country Is vocal on this matter and when it is coupled with reckless federal spending, it is doubly vocal. Members of Congress have been hearing from their people." Tlie committee already has voted to reduce by $300 million Kennedy's $4.5-billion request. Sen. Wayne Morse, D-Ore., has demanded reconsideration of these cuts in an effort to make a 25 per cent over-all reduction. Kennedy blamed the Republicans for the House action. Noting he had supported foreign aid as a senator during the Republican administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower, he said: "This year is the first time that the leadership of one party led the attack on it." Roll Call Republican House leader Charles A. Halleck of Indiana and other GOP chieftains supported the cut. On the roll call, GG Democrats and 156 Republicans wielded the ax. On the losing side were 172 Democrats and 1C Republicans. Kennedy's original foreign nid authorization request was 5-1.9 billion. He .trimmed the figure to $4.5 billion after reductions were suggested by a presidential advisory committee headed by retired Gen. Lucius D. Clay. The House Foreign Affairs Committee pared the authorization to $4.1 billion. 12-Inch Drill Bores Into Cubicle Where 2 Miners Trapped 11 Days No One Is Mentioning Cost Of Rescuing Trapped Miners Rescue Workers Cautiously Enlarge Escape Shaft, Fate of Third Man Is Uncertain Congress May Not Be Able to Act Before Railroad Walkout Deadline WASHINGTON (API — Pros- peels for congressional action in time to prevent a nationwide rail strike were cloudy today. A bill providing for binding arbitration of the dispute over mass job cuts pronrptly ran into opposition from labor. "Compulsory Arbitration" The bill, approved by the Senate Commerce Committee Friday, was denounced hy tlie presidents of the five operating unions involved in the four-year-old work rules dispute as "compulsory arbitration, and in violation of all tcncls of free collective bargaining." A spokesman for Ihe carriers said they would have no immediate comment. Tlie bill would set up a seven- man hoard composed of two representatives each from the railroads and (he unions and three from the public, to settle the dispute within six months in the absence of a negotiated agreement. Tlie bill is to be brought up in. the Senate on Monday. The House is awaiting Senate action before moving on the bill. Congress is up against a deadline of one minute after midnight Wednesday. This Is the time tlie railroads have announced they will put the new job-cutting work rules into cffect^an action the unions have said will mean an immediate strike. Sen. John 0. Pastore, D-H.I., who conducted the commerce committee's hearings on the dispute, said he still hoped the railroads and the unions would resolve [heir differ:' -cs without congressional notion. This seems unlikely. Negotiation ended in a deadlock Wednehday. Hope for Delay If no agreement is reached and Congress is in the process of passing the bill, Paslore said he Imped the railroads would delay the posting of the new rules for a few days. Under the bill, the arbitration board would be required to begin hearings within 30 days on the two chief issues in dispute and make a decision within 60 days thereafter. These issues Involve Ihe elimination of 32,000 firemen jobs on diesel freight nnd yard service trains and a reduction of the size of train crews. The carriers say they have to remove costly and unnecessary labor from their payrolls, The ivn'ons contend manpower cuts would impair operations. Tlie bill provides for immediate resumption of collective bargaining on lesser issues in dispute. But if no agreement ts reached on these within M days after the lx>ard decides the firemen and crew-size questioas, they too are to be arbitrated by the board. 60 Days for Action The board would have to rule on tlwse subsidiary Issues within 60 days after taking jurisdiction. The rulings of the board would he effective for such period as it designated up to a maximum of two years, unl*-- extended hy mutual agreement of the parties. However, a decision on the two main issue* would not he effective until resolution of all issues. Under the timetable set out In the bill, this could not be later than March I, 1964. In approving the bill, the commerce committee rejected the recommendation o( President Kennedy that Ihe dispute be turned over to the Interstate Commerce Commission. Under Kennedy's plan, the commission would have been empowered to issue work rules binding for two years unless supplanted by agreements reached through collective bargaining. OLD FORGE, Pa. (AP) — Tlie voice was deep, firm, sincere, modest. "We have no idea what it's going to cost. We don't know who's going to pay. We don't care. No one ever talks money. The only thing at slake is the men." Louis Pagnolti, 63, who rose from a mule driver in Ihe mines in J910 to become president of Pagnolti Enterprises Inc., and the Sullivan Trail'Coal Co., was lalk- • ing. Pagnotti is underwriting the cost of a massive drilling operation to rescue Dave Fellin and Hank Throne, two of three miners trapped 331 feet underground in nearby Sheppton. The fate of the third miner, Louis Bova, who is separated from the other two, remains uncertain. Helping people is nothing new to Pagnotfi, who has moved his No Sign Seeding Of Hurricane Has Softened Its Fury SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico (AP) —Scientists report seeing no immediate effect of their cloud- seeding aimed at softening the blow of hurricane Beulah. Nine hurricane hunter planes flew into the storm last night and dropped silver iodide crystals around the center cloud, Robert Simpson, director of Operation Storm Fury, said, Tlie seeding was part of a research project conducted jointly by the Navy and the Weather Bureau. The Weather Bureau in Miami said last night Beulnh was increasing in intensity slowly but steadily, but it likely would not affect the U.S. mainland. The storm, packing winds estimated at 100 miles an hour, was expected to move into the Atlantic well east of the Bahamas. Swiss Government Says It Will Sign Test Ban Treaty BERN, Switzerland (AP)—Tim government has announced it will sign the Moscow test ban treaty, but reserves the right to acquire atomic weapons. The decision, announced Friday after an extraordinary Cabinet meeting, was expected to be approved by Parliament at its session opening Sept. 115. Tlie government said its envoys will sign Ihe treaty next month in Washington, London and Moscow. The government announcement said that Switzerland "of course retains ils freedom of decision whether to arm with nuclear weapons. Tills decision will only be influenced by further developments." Although there appears lillle chance in the foreseeable future for this small country to acquire nuclear weapons, most Swiss feel Switzerland should retain Ihe possibility of acquiring the most effective weapons against an aggressor. equipment into towns to help in snowstorms and other emergencies without reimbursement. "It isn't only me," he says modestly. "Everyone does it. "We're just praying we get the men out. That's the only interest we have. No one ever mentioned who is going to pay. No one ever asked." The giant, electrically-operated drilling rig owned by Pagnotli is valued at 160,000. It weighs 65 tons and stands 10 stories high. Does he consider himself wealthy Pagnotti smiled and replied: "No, I am not, I'm poorer than my workers, not all, some of them." How will he pay for the operation if he's not reimbursed "That's in the business," he said. "It's all right. Like anything eke in Ihe business you got to pay if anything happens." Today In Nation's Capital WASHINGTON (AP) — In the news from Washington: Taxes: The House's slash o! $585 million from the foreign aid authorization bill boosts considerably the chance that it will pass tax cutting legislation, Rep. Howard H. Baker, H-Tenn,, said today. Baker is a leader In » Republican movement to write an economy requirement into President Kennedy's proposal for * $10.8 billion net tax reduction. He said in an interview Friday's action "makes it a lot easier to pass a tax cut bill — and if we had cut out another billion it would be easier still." To pass a tax reduction bill Baker said, "we need several more indications of intention to economize, like Ihis one." * * * Satellites: Tlie United States and Canada have agreed on a joint program for testing experimental communications satellite* launched by this country. Tlie tests will be made by temporary communications connections in each country, limited to experimental purposes and not for commercial exploitation. The agreement was made in nn exchange of notes puling into operation a memorandum signed last April by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and Canada's Department of Transport. The agreement provides that information from communications tests hy the two countries will be made freely available to scientists of all nations. HAZLETON, Pa. (AP)-Hescue workers, encouraged by the successful drilling of a 12-inch escape hole to two trapped miners, moved methodically today to enlarge the shaft in a final push to lift the men from a tiny, cold cubicle 331 feet underground where they have been 11 days. Optimistic Estimate Authorities said the most optimistic estimate for bringing the men, David Fellin, 58, and Henry ' Throne, 28, to tile surface would be at least Sunday night. Despite optimism, caution prevailed. H. B. Charmbury, Pennsylvania secretary of mines, said "Tlie situation is just as dangerous now as it has ever been." The fate of a third trapped miner, Louis Bova, 42, who lias not been heard from since Tuesday night when Fellin reported he made contact with him, remained uncertain. He is separated from the other two men by a pile of debris and is believed to be about 25 feet away. Charmbury said "we haven't given up on Bova." A four-inch lifeline hole through which food and other supplies could be lowered was being drilled to the area where Bova is believed to be trapped, but this had progressed lo only 40 feet shortly after midnight when the drilling rig lost its bit. After trying for several hours to get the bit out, rescuers abandoned the hole and started shortly after dawn drilling another four-inch hole about a foot away from the one abandoned. Tlie drill being used on this hole is much smaller. Begin Plugging Shaft As a preliminary step lo enlarging the' 12-inch escape hole for Fellin and Throne with a 10-story high, 65-ton, electrically operated drilling rig, -workers began early today plugging the shaft with a cylinder made up of a slack of wooden plates surrounded with rubber gaskets to make a tight seal. At dawn, the hole was plugged as the cylinder was forced down it with a ram to prevent dust and debris loosened by the giant drill from falling into the i4-foot long, H-foot wide cubicle holding Fellin and Throne. Tlie plug was tested by pouring dust and water into the hole. Fellin, who was awakened after R 314 hour nap for the test, reported nothing was leaking into the chamber. Concrete was poured on top of the plug to bond it lo the walls of the hole. The plug was placed at a depth of 298 feet, some 25 feet short of the opening, in order to anchor it in solid rock instead of the softer coal below. Workers said it would take about an hour for the concrete to harden. Timbers, planks and other shor- Religious Groups Will Play Large Role in Rights March WASH INGTON (AP )-Rclig ioiis groups will play a large role in Wednesday's civil rights march on Washington. The ten chairmen of the march Include three religions leaders: Malhew Ahmann, executive direc- DUST COVERS MINE RESCUE SITE— R.i- cu* team memberi lower food package to co«l mintri trapped below turface at hug* drill in right background lendj up cloud of dust near Haielton, Pa, Drill final- ly puihed 12-inch hole to miner» David Fellin and Henry Throne whil* much imaller drill it being aimed at third minor Louit Bova in hope of •itablithing contact with him. (AP Wirewhofo) tor of the National Catholic Conference for Interracial Justice; Die Rev. Eugene Carson Blake, vice chairman of the Commission on Race and Religion of the National Council of Churches: and Unbbi Joachim Prinz, chairman of the American Jewish Congress. In addition, a fourth chairman, like many oilier Negro civil righls leaders, is a minuter—the Rev. Martin Luther King. These four chairmen will meet with President Kennedy, have prominent places in the march, and address the demonstrators during afternoon ceremonies at tlie Lincoln Memorial. In addition, ninny priests, ministers and rabbis, and religious groups will take part in the march from tlie Washington Monument to Ihe Lincoln Memorial. Roman Cnlholic prelates in the demonstration will include Archbishop Patrick O'Boyle of Washington, Archbisliop Lawrence J. Shehnn and Bishop Thomas H. Murphy of Baltimore, Bishops John J. Russell and Ernest L. Unterkoefler of Richmond, Va., Bishop Michael W. Hyle of Wilmington, Del., and Bishop Philip M. Hannan of Washington. The Rev. Dr. Robert W. Spike, executive director of the Commission of Race Relations of the National Council of Churches, says that 30,000 to 40,000 Protestant churchmen will be among th* marchers. He said th« m?.rch for some people would he "the beginning of a new commitment lo work for ra- eifil justice wilh all tlwir strength and wisdom." ing materials were lowered to Fellin and Throne during the niglit. They wedged the heavy boards and logs against the ceiling ami walls of their chamher to brace it against tlie drilling. Hammering could be heard over 8 microphone communications system which was lowered lo Fellin and Throne when contact was first mat'e with them Sunday night through a six-inch lifeline hole, after nearly being given up for dead. Fellin and Throne have been receiving food and other supplies through the lifeline hole, but Bova has been without food. TV Camera Lowered Shortly before midnight, a 3H by 22 incli, specially-constructed television camera made by Genera! Precision Corp. of Pleasantville, N.Y., which is used to inspect New York City sewers, was lowered into the cubicle. Two television monitors on Ihe surface picked up unclear images of the men, hut still they were a fascinating and joyous sight to rescuers, relatives and spectators. The purpose of (he TV experiment was (o check the shaft, examine the cubicle and permit a physician to examine the men, but it apparently was unsuccessful because of unclear pictures. Plans for enlarging the shaft, outlined Friday night by Gordon Smith, deputy secretary of mines, called for drilling a 215-inch hole to a depth of 40-45 feel, then lining it with steel casing, Smith said this was expected (o take about two hours. After the 26-inch hole reached its destination, mostly through clay rather than hard rock, a conference was planned to determine whether to go the rest ol thj way nt a 17-inch width or possibly 24 inches. Drill Hits Mark Tlie 12-inch escape hole, drilled by the giant rig, finally hit ils mark at 3:211 p.m., E.D.T., Friday after two previous failures. "1 can see the drill!" shouted Fellin. "Hold it! Thai's enough. It's through" It was firsl understood that tin drill went through the top of the cubicle, but later Charmbury said the hole came down beside tlie chamher. "Tlie _ break's through! The break's ' through--" Fellin kepi shouting. v Watching on tlie surface, his wife, Anna, cried and rejoiced. "It's wonderful." she snid. "We prayed all the way, every min- ule," Tiie breakthrough climaxed more than an hour of waiting for Ihe final few inches of hard rock to give way. The rig was slowed (o an agonizing pace as it ncaretl the chamber to avoid the possibility of any cave-ins. Governor Visils Scene Earlier Friday, Gov. and Mrs, William W. Scranton of Pcnnsyl- vntlia took time out from a New York vacation lo visit the scene nnd converse with the men over the communications system. "Hi. fellows!. Hi, David! Hi. Hank! said the governor. "You're both wonderful guys. We're just as proud of yon {is we can he. We'll get through to you as soon us we can. You're doing a great job." Fellin and Throne have kept up their spirits wilh an exchange of humor and singing during their entombment. Rescuers nionitoriR Ihe com- mnicntions system linking them wilh the two men say Ihey have had added a new number to Iheir repertoire. Tlie song, ironically, is Ihe old Negro spiritual, "Massa'j in the Cold, Cold Ground." Racial Demonstration Is Staged by Indians OMAHA, Nob. (AP) — Omaha has seen something different in the way of a racial demonstration. It was a wnr dance singed Friday by Indians of the Omaha tribe to dramatize the plight of the red man in the white man's cities. Two Indians in feathers and paint danced. Two others thumped war drums for them. A spokesman snid about 100 more turned out to support Ihe demonstration on Omaha's downtown courthouse lawn. The Weather Partial clearing and cooler this ndcrnnon and tnnlghl. MlKh rwar 74, low near Ml. Partly cloudy and cool tomorrow, llljih npnr 74.

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