transcript 120THYEAR • NO. 53 Two Kennedy Bills Face Capitol Action WASHINGTON (AP) - Two of President Kennedy's major proposals face action this week on Capitol Hill. The House will vote on a $l.l-billion college construction bill, the Senate on a measure lo create a National Service Corps. The voting will come after the Senate opens hearings on the limited nuclear test ban treaty and the House starts writing a civil rights bill. Accelerated Pace The busy week continues the accelerated pace set last week when the Senate passed a big military pay increase bill and two $5.5-billion appropriations bills and the House voted to triple federal support of vocational education. Congressional leaders are trying to move as much legislation as possible before tiie civil rights bill hits the House floor and the Senate starts debate on the treaty. Halleck Backers Quietly Launch Nomination Effort WASHINGTON (AP)' — Colleague of Rep. Charles A. Halleck of Indiana have quietly and Informally launched an effort to win the 1964 Kepublican presidential nomination for the House minority leader. They are sounding out some top Republican leaders and report a favorable reaction. Halleck himself would not comment, but persons close to him said he is doing nothing to nip tile move. They represent him as being "available" for the nomination and ready to make a fight for it if victory should appear with in reach. The Halleck backers claim that of all the Republicans who have been mentioned as presidential possibilities, the tough-talking, hard-hitting 63-year-old Hoosier is among the most widely known nationally. His position as House GOP leader and as one of the stars of the weekly "Ev and Charlie Show" sponsored for broadcast by congressional Republicans have kept him in the public eye. His supporters rule out of the picture such nationally known figures as Gov. Nelson A. Ronke- Jeller of New York and Sen. Barry Goldwater of Arizona. Halleck has harbored high political ambitions for some lime. In 1018 he came within an inch of winning second place on the GOP presidential ticket headed by Thomas Dewey of New York. While Halleck's backers were playing down C-oldwater's chances for the nomination, Sen. Richard B. Russell, D-Ga., said the Ari- 7/>nan would probably carry Georgia if Goldwnler were opposing President Kennedy in a presidential election today. Russell said Goldwater's political stock is "selling far above any Republican par that's ever been known in Georgia." No Complaint WASHINGTON (AP) — William Filcheck isn't too unhappy about tlie disappearance of his car over the weekend. Police recovered it from five youths who were charged with unauthorized use of an auto and returned the IMS model car to Filcheck with these improvements: A new stt a! tires, a new radio aerial and new hubcaps. It had been washed and polished, loo. An attempt will be made in tht Senate to revive a Mexican farm labor bill defeated earlier by the House. The college construction bill on which the House votes Tuesday is a major part of the administration's education program. It failed to win passage last year because of disagreements between the House and Senate over their separate versions, but is expected to face easier going this year. A tougher road lies ahead for the administration's proposal to launch a National Service Corps patterned on the Peace Corps. There has been little Republican support for the idea, especially irt the House. This week is expected to see the final touclws added to the administration's tax revision and reduction bill by the House Ways and Means Committee, which has spent almost the entire session on it. Five Killed In Weekend War Games SPARTANBURG, S.C. (AP) — Five soldiers participating in Swift Strike III, the nation's biggest peacetime military maneuvers, were killed over the weekend. At least 11 servicemen have died violently during the three weeks long war' games. Five were killed in aircraft crashes, four died in traffic accidents and two drowned. A single engine L • 19 plane crashed near ninety - six yesterday, killing both occupants. The Army withheld names of the victims pending notification of the next of kin. Two soldiers fell from the back of a moving truck and were run over by another truck. Killed were Pfc. R. C. Enlow of Swainsboro, Ga., and Pfc. Robert W. Hurley of Brighton, Mas*. The war games moved into Iheir final week with blue forces taking control of Newberry, capital ot the mythical territory of Columbia. Virginia School Ruling Evaded By Appeals Court RICHMOND, Va. (AP) - The . 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, in a 2-1 decision, today sidestepped a ruling on whether Prince Edward County had the right to close public schools to avoid racial integration until Virginia's Supreme Court rules on the matter. The majority opinion said that it was up to the Virginia court first to determine whether the state's school system was a stale entity under the control and direction of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The state and Prince Edward County have contended that Virginia's constitutional requirement for the establishment of a school system does not mean that a locality cannot, by declining to appropriate local school funds, withdraw from public school operations, Public schools in Prince Edward, a southside Virginia county, were denied local funds and closed in 1959 to avoid court-ordered classroom desegregation. Senate Adjourns in Mark Of Respecf for Kefauver WASHINGTON (AP)—Tlie Senate adjourns today as a mark of respect for Sen. Estes Kefauver, the Tennessee Democrat wilh Ihe big handshake who died Saturday. The quiet-spoken lawyer who battled organized crime and monopolies during his 24 years in Congress will be buried Tuesday in the family cemetery near the Kefauver farm home at Madisonville, Tcnn, Funeral Plans A military plane will carry Kefauver's body to Tennessee Tuesday morning. Mrs. Kefauver, Iheir children and a congressional delegation will be aboard an- ollier plane. The senator's Ixxly will lie in stale at the First Baptist Church in Madisonville, for four hours before the simple midafternoon services at the farm. The services will be conducted on the porch of the family home. An estimated .WO pcrsoas paid their respecls Sunday fit a Wash- inglon funeral home lo Ihc latl Ten- nessean who was Ihe 1956 Demo- cralic vice presidential candidate on the ticket headed by Adlai E. Stevenson. Kefauver had sought the presidential nomination lhal year and in 1952. The senator died of a ruptured aorta, the main artery from Ihe heart. He had entered Belhesda Naval Hospilal Thursday night afler suffering what aides described as a mild heart altack. Informed on Cape Cod of Kefauver's death, President Kennedy said the senator was "a public servanl of energy, integrity and talent. His devotion to the public interest made him * powerful influence for good in our nation's affairs." .Senate Lineup Kefauver's death leaves Ihe Senate lineup at 66 Democrats, 33 Republicans. He had served five terms in the House before election to the Senate in 1948. Gov. Frank Clement, I Democrat, will appoint a successor to serve until next year's general election. I North Adams — Adams — Williamstown • Massachusetts MONDAY, AUGUST 12. 1963 14 PAGES* 8 CENTS Today In Nation's Capital WASHINGTON (AP) — In tht news from Washington: NO TAX CUT: Senate Republican leader Everett M. Dirksen of Illinois doubts that Congress will get around to cutting taxes this year. "President Kennedy is pulling heavy pressure on the Democrats for action but whellier he will get it remains doubtful," said Dirksen, a member of the Senate Finance Committee. * * * TRADE: A joint congressional committee to deal with international trade problems has been recommended by assistant Democratic Senate leader Hubert H. Humphrey of Minnesota. "Right now the examination of trade problems and policies is considered almost at random by several congressional committees," Humphrey said in a stale- ment. ECHO I: Wrinkled and useless, but slill whirling about the globe with a shiny face, the communications satellite Echo I celebrated its third birthday today after logging nearly half a billion miles in orbit. Space scientists are still not sure just when Echo I, the first manmade passive communica- lioas satellite, will come to its expected end by re-entering the atmosphere and burning up. Critics Who Want More Space Arms Get NASA Answer BLACKSBURG, Va. (AP) — A government scientist today challenged critics who want more emphasis on space weapons development, saying the present U.S. space program is laying a broad base for both scientific and mili- .tary operations. Homer E. Newell, director of space science for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, said: "Those who argue that we should dispense with the frills of science and space exploration and concentrate on the necessities of military development, forget thai we can't really say what the military necessities ni space will be and it would be foolhardy to pretend that we can." In a speech prepared for an artificial satellite conference at Virginia Polytechnic Institute here, Newell said: "We do not wish to develop a Maginot Line in space, only to have it flanked by forces of greater flexibility. We need to develop in a broad way our space capability so that we will have the ability to move in any direction required by future events to meet any threats along whatever lines might develop." . Newell's defense of the space program came at a time when many defense officials and some congressmen are taking a closer look at military needs in space. Major military space efforts are aimed at development of reconnaissance satellites hy (he Air Force, communications satellites by the Army, and navigation satellites by the Navy. The Air Force is training astronauts for NASA's two-man Project Gemini orbital and rendezvous flights. Later, Air Force astronauts will fly Gemini capsules modified for military missions and the Dyna-Soar manned space glider. Advocates of a strong military program think the United States should be working on spacecraft to spy on enemy satellites and destroy them if they are carrying nuclear bombs. Some say this nation should develop orbiting nuclear bombs of its own. Strontium 90 Content in Milk Doubled in Year WASHINGTON (AP)-Tlie Public Health Service says Ihe amount of bone damaging radioactive strontium SO in milk measured in May of this year at various U.S. check points was almost double that of a year ago. The health service report substantially bore out predictions of the Federal Radiation Council last May 31 that strontium 90 lev- ets would be much higher, largely because of massive Soviet atmospheric nuclear tests in 1962. However, the council at the time estimated that even the Increased exr>-«ure would be considerably below hazardous levels. Strontium 90 affects bone marrow and is believed lo be a cause of bone cancer. Sec. Rusk Assures Senate Test Ban Treaty Will Pose No Threat to Nation's Security WITH DRAWN GUNS — Patrolmen Henry Maroni, left, and Alton Tavelli, with guns drawn, wait for James J. Trainor, manager, to unlock gates to Sayles Department Store after being called there by burglar alarm. It turned out that lightning during yesterday's thunder storm had set off the alarm. Lightning also set off the alarm at the Clark Art Institute in Williamstown. (Story on Page Two.I Hood Quits Alabama University, Board Halts Meeting on Charges TUSCALOOSA, Ala. (AP)—The withdrawal of Negro student James A. Hood from the University of Alabama could mean the end of his brief career as a student at the school following his stormy enrollment two months ago. Hood's attorney announced the withdrawal and said the 20-year- old Gadsden, Ala., student was dropping out because of his physical and mental condition. Withdrawal Confirmed The university confirmed Hood's withdrawal Sunday and announced that a meeting of the board of trustees called lo coasitler charges resulting from a speech Hood made in Gadsden July 16 had been canceled. University officials had sent a letter to Hood notifying him of the charges against him and asking him to be present before the dean of men at |2 p.m. today. The letter stipulated these charges: —That Hood accused the university ol a conspiracy in setting up a news conference for him in an attempt to violate a rule against student news conferences. The rule was imposed when he wns admitted to the university with another Negro student, Vivian J. Malone, 20. —That Hood accused university officials of attempting to keep a faculty member from giving him an "A", —That Hood accused a stale of- Refugee From Easf Germany Tells Reason For Flighf The author, of this article is one of the hundreds of East Germans who have escaped to the West despite the Berlin wall, barbed wire, mine fields and trigger-happy guards. On the eve of the second anniversary of the wall she recalls her life behind it and the reasons people risk their lives to escape. She uses a pseudonym to protect her family and friends still in East Germany. By KATERIN'A THOMAS FRANKFURT, Germany (AP)— I lived for 16 months behind the Berlin wall. Except for the year my husband spent in jail during tlie height of Stalinist frenzy back in 19.i2-5.1, they were my worst months under communism. I.efl All Behind Eight months ago my husband and I managed to escape. It meant leaving a Itirge family home and garden where we had spent 24 happy married years. It meant leaving behind almost everything we owned, including the worthless sentimental things a woman treasures. It meant leaving friends with whom we shared hard and unforgettable years. It was. a sacrifice and a great risk. Other people might still escape by the route we took so I won't go into details. But we read every few days of the dangers people run lo escape. They scale the Berlin wall in « hal! of bullets. They swim the,Icy Hsvel River In freezing weather. They crawl through tunnels lhat might cave at any moment or nin across mine fields that could blow them up nl any step. Some are killed by Communist border guards. What drives people to gamble their lives in order to leave their homes? It might sound strange lo American enrs, but I'm sure the chief reason is the longing for freedom to think and do what one wants. The simple freedoms that Americans take for granted are worth a life'to many East Germans. •It is simply that after a while you can't breathe any more. You are too restricted. Your ideas count for nothing if they do not agree with those of the Connnun- isls. Your individual wishes are ignored. A person's' individuality and freedom count for nothing. This Is what people learn to hate. This is why they leave. Treatment of Children What did I personally dislike most? I think it was (he way children were treated. Probably more parents leave Easl. Germany for the sake of their children than for any other reason. I clearly remember Aug. 13, 1961. For years my husband and I felt we should stay in East Germany. One has a responsibility to one's home and people, and problems are not solved by running away. f But we had finally decided to flee nnd our two children had nl- ready gone to the West. We planned to follow after a short vacation in a health resort. There we heard the news of Aug. 13. Our hearts sank. Our escape route was blocked. It took nearly two years to find a way out. The one good the wall did was to wake people to the horror of communism. tidal of cursing him in a dormitory. A trustee who would not be identified said that in his opinion the charges against Hood could be grounds for refusal of the university to admit him for the fall term, which begins Sept. 20. The trustee said that- Hood still would be subject to n hearing before any decision would be made concerning his readmittance. Attorney's Advice Hood's attorney, Arthur Shores of Birmingham, said the Negro student has been -advised to avoid routine duties and activity until his condition is improved "in order to avoid a complete mental and physical breakdown." The two Negro students were enrolled in summer school two montlis ago despite efforts by Gov. George Wallace to slop them by standing in the doorway nt tlie admissions building. Wallace permitted the enrollment when federnlized National Guard troops escorted the Negro students to the building. He was unavailable for comment on Hood's withdrawal. Detectives Comb London East End For Train Robbers LONDON (AP)—An informer's Up sent detectives combing London's sleazy East End today for five criminals reported missing from their homes since history's greatest train robbery. No nrrests were made, but Scotland Yard posled a watch at each'of the five addresses. About 15 masked men halted the Glasgow-London mail train Thursday and made off with hags of registered mail worth more than $7 million. Most of the loot was old currency being returned to London for destruction. Police were convinced that most ot the gang must still be in Britain. The precision with which Ihc gang worked aroused speculation that the master mind was a former military man. Spurred by reward offers totaling 260,000 pounds ($720,000), hundreds of Brilons called police stations, claiming to have information that might help the police. The ill-fated train, on its 400- mile journey from Scotland, was halted by a false red stop light. The bnndils uncoupled the loco- molive and firsl two mall coaches, moved them down the line and rilled them. Urges Foreign Relations Group To Approve Pact Ratification; Testifies Under Oath on Motion Of GOP Members WASHINGTON (AP) - Secretary of Stale Dean Rusk urged the Senate today to ratify the limited nuclear test-ban treaty, saying it should slow the arms race without damage to the security of the United Stales. Rusk testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee as lead-off witness in the Kennedy administration's drive for Senate approval of the U.S.-British- Soviet pact to outlaw all nuclear explosions except those underground. Under Oath When Rusk took the witness chair, he was put under oath on the motion of Republican committee members. Sen. Bourke B. Hickenlooper, R-Iowa, said all witnesses on file treaty would be sworn. Rusk sought to counter possible arguments against tlie pact that some senators might raise. He emphasized that the signing of (he treaty by East Germany will. in no way imply United States recognition of the Communist East German regime. He said Easl German authorities will subscribe to the treaty in Moscow, and added: "The So- p viet Union may notify us of that act. We are under no obligation to accept that notification and we have no intention of doing so, but the East German regime would have committed itself to abide by the provisions of the treaty." Rusk said: "The United States and the Soviet Union already have enough nuclear power to inflict enormous destruction on each other. Still, the search for bigger, more destructive weapons goes on. "Yet greater armament has not demonslrably brought greater security. The treaty, if observed, should slow this spiral, without damage to our relative strength." Confers With JFK Rusk and President Kennedy conferred by telephone for about 25 minutes Sunday shortly after the secretary arrived in Washington. They will meet at the White House late today as soon as the President returns from Cape Cod. Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara will be on hand for the meeting. Kennedy also called Democratic congressional leaders lo the While House for a later' conference. Rusk, who met Friday with Soviet Premier Khrushchev, told newsmen that the next round of U.S.-Soviet negotiations "will not move wilh great speed." It was learned, however, that he came back with the impression that the Soviet leader wants to carry on talks with the United States to ease tensions in Europe. Only a few hours after Rusk testifies. Dr. Edward Teller will tell Ihe Senate Preparedness subcom- mittee behind closed doors why he opposes the cessation of testing in the atmosphere, outer space and under the sea. Teller played a key role in development of the H-bomb. Undersecretary of State W. Averell Harriman said he was confident Khrtishchev will abide by the trealy "lo avoid the risks of a nuclear war." Dillon Proposes Tax Reduction Bill Of $11 Billion WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of the Treasury Douglas Dillon put before the House Ways and Means Committee today a proposal for an Sll-hillion tax cut in two steps beginning Jan. 1. Individual lax rates would range from 14 per cent on the firsl $500 of income to a 70 per cent top. The present range is 20 on the first ?2,000 to a top of 91. Corporate income taxes would be reduced from the present 52 per cent to 48 per cent. Dillon's proposals were presented at a closed meeting of the committee. Dillon declined to tell newsmen about them, but other sources filled in some details. Since tax revisions already approved by the committee and ex- pecled to be approved would result in an increase of something . over $1 billion a year in revenue, Ihe net effect if the Treasury- prepared rale schedules were accepted would be a reduction of something between $9 billion and $10 billion when the new provisions are fully effective. It was understood the proposal Is to put two-thirds of the individual cut into effect Jan. 1, the remainder a year later. This would mean a slightly smaller tax cut eventually than President Kennedy originally proposed, but probably a greater immediate reduction. The committee is nearing the end of its work on a tax bill that is expected to go to the-House for consideration early in September. One member said the Treasury proposals appeared to be well received and were likely to represent fairly closely the ultimate committee action. Typhoon Carmen Heads for Manila MANILA (AP) — Typhoon Carmen headed for Manila today wilh winds up to 120 miles an hour. The typhoon was plotted in mid- afternoon in the Pacific about 75 miles cnst of Samar Island, the Manila Weather Bureau said. Kennedy Youngsfers Ease Sorrow of Firsf Family OTIS AIR FORCE BASE, Mass. (AP)—The President's son, John F. Kennedy Jr., watched photographers' flashing lights as he visited his mother's hospital suite Sunday night. Looking out of their car wilh an air of one who had niade a great discovery, the 2!i-year-old youngster declared: "I belcha they're taking our picture." President Laughs President Kennedy, like everyone else who heard it, burst into laughter. Haml-in-hand, the President had taken his two youngsters. John and Caroline, 5',4, on separate visits Sunday to their mother. Caroline, with a bouquet of garden flowers she picked herself and little John asking "Where's mommy?" all the way to her room, saw their mother for Ihe first lime since she was lakcn lo tlie hospital Wednesday for the premature birth of a third child, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy. Tlie infant lived less than two days. The First Lady, .14, is reported continuing lo make a splendid recover}'. She got out ot bed for the first time Sunday, took a walk in her suite and began to eat solid food, including hamburger. The youngsters, aside from the reunion, were treated lo • helicopter ride from their Squaw Island summer home near HyannU Port, Mass., to this air base, a 22-mile flight. Kennedy started his children's airlift after attending Mass at St. Francis Xavier Church in Hyannis Port. Tlie pastor, Msgr. Leonard ,J Daley, extended his sympathy and thai of his congregation. "In our sorrow for them, we know one consolation is that Ihcy have given back to God, their Maker, a saint in heaven, praying for (hem in these troublesome times," Plans Return Kennedy planned lo lake off from Otis Air Force Base in mid- afternoon for his return to Washington. ' The President's tragic five-day visit to Massachusetts began Wednesday morning when Mrs. Kennedy was taken to the Iwspi- lal. Tlie bnby, a 4 pound, 1014- ounce boy, had trouble wilh his breathing from Ihe- beginning. A specialist wns called from Ihe Boston Children's Medical Center and the baby wns taken lo Ihe Boston cenler a few liours after birth. Tlie bnby died nflcr only 35 hours and 12 minutes ot life. The simple fimernl services were held in Boston Saturday. Th« Weather Clear, cool (anight. Low near 4ft, Considerable cloudiness wilh scattered showers tomorrow. High near 7S.
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