World-Wide News Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Pre»§ Hope Star The Weather ARKANSAS—Mostly cloudy,, showers in northeast Wednesday night and Thursday; cooler in northwest Wednesday night and in north and central portions Thursday. VOLUME 41—NUMBER 10 HOPE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 25,1939 PRICE 5c COPY GERMANY TO BOMB ENGLAND Public Employes Alleged Members of' 'Red" League 5G3 Federal and District of Columbia Workers Are Cited TWO FEDERAL MEN Dies Publishes Membership of "League for Peace, Democracy" WASHINGTON -(.IV- The Uies Committee insult; public Wednesday what it called the "membership and mailing list" of the American League for Peace and Democracy. The list contained the names ot S6'.l persons said by the committee to be employes of the federal and District ot Columbia governments. The li.st included the names of Edwin S. Smith, member of the National Labor Kelations Hoard, and Louis Bloch, member of the Maritime Labor Board, both with salaries listed as $10,000. Chairman Dies, Texas Democrat, in making public the said in written .statement that the committee was not charging government em- ployes affiliated with the league are. members of the Communist party. He railroad companies. Henderson Class of '24 to Hold Reunion AKKADELPI1IA, Ark — Hurry Mack of TnLsa, Okla. who was president of the 1924 graduating class ot Henderson College has announced that members of that class will hold a reunion here Friday which is Homecoming Day. 'Hie day is also n semi- centennial event in connection with the annual football game between the Henderson Slate Teachers college Keel- dies and the State Teachers college Bears of Conway. A luncheon tor the classmen will be held following the football game. Tliis will be their 15th graduation anniversary. The first major event of the semi-centennial year was the dedication of the new '$125,000 science building, October 8. Rail Conspiracy on Trucks Charged Attorney General Asseits Rials Refusing Usual Co-operation WASHINGTON — (,V) — Attorney General Murphy announced Wednesday lie had authorized the filing of a complaint charging violation of the Sherman anti-trust act against the Association of American Railroads, it.s officers and directors, and 23G membei Sales Tax Against Liquor Enjoined by Pulaski Judge Illegal Senate Vote Decided Tax Issue, Suit Declares BEER TAX STANDS Injunction Granted Liquor Dealers Association President added, however, that: "It has been established conclusively that the American League for Peace and Democracy was organized and controlled by the Communist party." (I- No Special Train for Camden Game Team' Will"Make 'Trip In Bus—Fans to Follow In Automobiles The complaint charges, Murphy said, that the railroads combined to rc- slrin trade by agreeing not to extend to motor carriers the same cooperation in carrying freight and passengers which the roads customarily to each oilier. LITTI, HOCK —I/I')— Chancellor Frank H. Dodge issued an injunction Wednesday restraining the Slate Revenue Keparlment from collecting the consumers' sales tax on liquor levied under the 1M Nyberg act. The injunction was issued on petition of H. E. Farrar, Little Rock liquor dealer and president of the Arkansas Retail Liquor Dealers' association, who contended that the measure was un- con.slitutiofial. The injunction does not affecl the tax on beer and wine levied by the Nyberg statute. The basis of Farrar's suit was thai the act passed the senate with a bare majorily of 18 votes, including that of Paul Gutcnsjolin, Fort Smith whom the Arkansas Supreme Court held : ccntly was not a member of the senate. England's Wharves and Ships Targets of Bombers, Rather Than Cities, Is View Merchant Ships an Easy Prey for Fleet of Bombers Fire-Bombs Could Set Important Dock Centers Ablaze School authorities said Wednesday thai no special train would be chartered for the Hope-Camden football game to be played Friday night in Cilmden as the lack of time pre- ventt'd them from milking arrangements—and too that demands for a special train were not as great as has been in the past. In the meantime, Couch Foy Hammons prepared to take up Camden plays in practice Wednesday afternoon. He also said that he would send the squad through pass defense formations and would probablf put • the team through light scrimmage. The team will leave Friday on a Arkansas Motor company bus, and is expected to be followed by a big delegation of Hope fans in automobiles. Coach Ilammons reported the squad in top shape with the exception of Earl Long Ousts Ellison by Force Jv . - .., .;» • Louisiana Guardsmen Are Called Out by the Governor ^BATON ROUGE, La., —(![')— Gov. Earl K. Long first use of strongarm methods since he look office four months ago ended Tuesday when Ellison, saying Long did him a "favor' 1 in ousting him as attorney general Monday, withdrew from the race for attorney general in opposition to Long's candidate, and said he would return l« the practice of law. State troopers and the militia still stood by, awaiting the call to action in case of a flarcup following Long's sei/.ure of two stale offices and purg- i>[ Ihe office holders, Ellison and hi.s first assistant, James O'Connor. Peace was restored after a half- hour conference between Long and Ellison, and the prospects grow dim that a major rift would develop in the closely-knit remaining ranks of fcionny Murphy, substitute o,uarter- t() hcoM Hy P Nashville Opens Livestock Show Exhibits to Be Displayed Two Days, Wednesday and Thursday NASHVILLE, Ark.—Howard county second annual Livestock Show opens here Wednesday or a two-day display ot surpassing exhibits of beef cattle dairy cattle, domestic animals, swince, sheep, and pountry. Class judging prizes will be awarded for first, second and third places in poultry exhibits Wednesday and in livestock exhibits Thursday. E. D. Bell of Little Rock will be assisted by county judges in making pri/e winning selections. Glenn F. Wallace is chairman of the county fair committee. In connection with the Livestock retain its decade-long m cme eki g Show Howard county will observe Achievement Day with exhibits arranged in the Baptisl tabernacle. Boolh will be entered by a number of communities including Saratoga, Mineral Springs, Shiloh, Bluff Springs, Midway Sunset, Yorks Chapel, Center, Center Point County Line Fellowship and Umpire. Seven county agencies will offer ex- llieir fields and NAZIS TOP' IN AIR Have Replaced Polish Losses—Now Possess • 7,000 Planes K.v THOMAS M. JOHNSON NKA Service Stuff Correspondent , WASHINGTON—"The most gruc-. some bloodbath in hoslory!" Thai is the image revealed in Hcrr Hitler's crystal ball, for Europe's immediate future. And any moment—today, tomorrow—he may trust that future lo the whirling ball of a "Lightning War" fiercer even than Dial which paralyzed Poland. As in Poland, the Germans' campaign probably will be to attack France simultaneously by land and air. And if they succeed quickly in the 'Saar or elsewhere, Ihey may again offer the French and British peace or a sword. If a sword, it would be the winged sword?of the Nazi air force threatening this time to sever the head of England from the body of the British Empire by attacking its spinal column of sea-power at its most vulnerable spots—its lines of supply.. Before Britain could us her mortal weapon of blockade to starve him out, he would have turned thai weapon against her, and made a thrcal to her might the grcalcsl since the days of Napoleon—perhaps greater. Polish Air Losses Already Replaced In France and Britain the Gei'm'an air weapon will strike a shield far firmer than that of illamod Poland; but its blade will show itself longer and, maybe, keener. In Poland the Germans used nearly 5000 planes and lost 500 to 1000 which already are replaced. They have then, according lo some Into estimates, 7000 firslline machines, and perhaps even The crowded wharves of Southampton, England's greatest Channel port Germany's fire-bombers. a potential target for Will Give Them "War They Want" Says Nazi Paper Goering's Essen Newspaper Publishes a Significant Threat ALLlEsTEE BERLIN British Report Night Scouting Trip Over German Capital BERLIN, Germany — (IF)— Germany's next war move probably will be to loose a shower of bombs, on Eng- lond, the authoritative newspaper National Zeitung of Essen said. Wednesday. This daily is known to be especially close to Field Marshal Goeeirig, air minister, and hence its editorials command special attention. "The moment has come when the war desired by the English must rain down upon the British isle itself, 11 the paper said. British Over Germany LONDON, Eng. —(/P) The air ministry announced Wednesday that Royal Air Force reconnaissance during the last 25 hours "included night flights over Berlin." The announcement said night scouting flights also were made over Hamburg and Madgeburg,, the latter city being the site of a branch of the Krupp armament factory, the southernmost point mentioned thus far in Royal Air Eorce communiques. t is about 200 miles £c6rn the western tip of Germany's coastline. The busy waterfront of Liverftool, England's second largest city. lo be ready if needed. for action by Friday, Cotton Surplus to Be Cut ji Million Increased Kxporlsaml Domestic Use. Improve the Outlook WASHINGTON --l/l'i-- Federal farm officials predicted Wednesday Ihe nation's collon surplus— which has been incmi.sinK in si/.e despite crop control efforts would be reduced at least our million bales before the 11)10 crop i.s harvested. They based their forecast on a recent sharp spurt in exports, expansion in domestic production and consumption of cotton products, and prospects that this year's 12-million-bale crop would fall short of supplying foreign and American needs during the crop maikcting season. i i i\i i i • . i ««-nnii i V.T uL-i-iiuvj-ioiiii power in t back. Murphy however, ,s expected Ja p ,. im aries will, Long as tie in l.i, r.i-ntv f.il' tir'tlnll In. Iti-ld-n. , . . , , ° »«>^- guoerna tonal candidate. Observers who remember such tactics frequently employed during the days of Huey P. Long agree that the Long agree that (be Long pattern for gelling things done by force has changed only in thai his younger brother has made the methods more efficient bul less spectacular. Business Profits Are Hurt by War War Volume Doesn't Make Up for Drop in Civil Business CHOCAGO -</!';-- William H. Knud- nin, president of General Motors 'orporalion, declared Tuesday Ihe theory thai business men "like to <ce war come so they can make a pol if money out of it" was a "shameful and false assumption." "If any of us should attempt to maly/.e Ihe last war for instance, and id on Ihe credit side the corpor- ions and individuals who made pro- its out of war. on the debit side Ihose who didn't, the balance will be in the red," he told the Institute of American Meat Packers. "The most astonishing thing is that s soon as war si brewing 11 business is on the defensive immediately. "Our corporation i.s often singled out as a 'war baby' despite the fact that we could not possibly make money out of wr sufficient to offset the losses our regular business would sufer through (he upsetting of economic conditions due to war." A Thought lie that cannot, forgive others, breaks Ihe bridge over which he himself must pass if he would ever reach heaven: for everyone has need lo lie forgiven —Herbert. CRANIUM CRACKERS Identifying Initials To save space and reading lime, newspapers now refer to many well known fraternal ami political organi/alions by their initials. Identify I lie following groups from the iniluils listed: 1. D. A. II., G. A. H., S. A. H. <:. K. B., K. C., K. K. K., K.P. •J. 1. O. F., 1. O. O. F., I. W. W., W. O. W. •1. A. S. C. A. P., A. S. P. C. A., B. P. O. K. .\ir-ucrt: on. I'ujje T\vu the AAA, Nashville library, WPA sewing room, home aid, county health agency, soil conservation service and the United States department of forestry. The exhibits will be judged by Miss Janctte Slill of Scvier county, Miss Aileen Jones of Little Iliver county, both home demonstration agent Prixes and ribbons will be awarded exhibit winners, The Howard count coimcoil of home demonstration clubs will hold a meeting in Ihe .auditorium of the county coin-Hums Wednesday afternoon with County Judge Wiley Jones addressing Ihe group. Miss Elhi Posey, district homo demonstration agent will speak on "The Value of the Extension Program lo Arkansas," Howard County Agent Paul Eddlemon will speak on "Land Use and County Program Planning in Howard County." Home demonstration county council officers for 1940 will be elected luring the business session. The unwelcome shadows of German bombing planes fall on British coastal points. Were Ihese com- paralively minor raids a grim "tip- off" to the nature of the war thai. Hitler will wage upon England? . . . The accompanying dispatch, frn'irf Washington was written exclusively for NEA Service by Thomas M. Johnson, famous World war correspondent and author of numerous books on military topics. Winter Strikes Northern States Rain and Colder Weather Are in Prospect for The Nation By the Associated Press Winter struck early with sub-freezing temperatures in the North Tuesday whlie Ihe South and Southwest experienced heat ranging into the DO'.s and no relief from a prolonged drouth. Spokane, Wash., shivered in the cold esl temperature of the season, 40 degrees, and the firsl snow of Ihe season fell Ihe mountains. Weslern ilOOIJ back of those, operating from nearly a thousand airdromes'. And (if those planes, full half are bombers Thus, even without Russian support,) Germany has the world's most formidable air force. If this great sky armada goes out over the sea, its main purpose may n<>! be to solve the riddle: "Can a bombing plane sink a battleship?" For while warships are built and armored t" resist' bombing, merchanl ships ot course arc not, and therefore arc Musical Program at Pentecostal Church The tinging school at First Pentecostal church will close Friday night with a special musical program featuring Hcnshaw, Hope and Odom Bros, quartet. The program begins at 8 o'clock. The singing school i.s under the direction of Homer Odom. Negro PTA Drive Is Launched Here )2 Members Join at Meeting Tuesday Night at Yerger School By a special proclamation from Ihe governor of the state, October 2329 has been set aside for a negro P. T. A. membership campaign. The stale president is urging all local organizations to cooperate in this drive. A special meeting was held Tuesday night at the Yerger High School auditorium for the purpose of outlining the methods of procedure, was well attended urn! 52 new members joined. The president, Dilcy Douglas, is urging all parents lo become members. Prof. K. J. I. Blakely spoke briefly upon the necessity of the parents joining. Yerger teachers enrolled 100 per cent. Found in North American swamp areas, the huntsman's horn pitchei plant has a hollow slem filled with wiiter, in which insects, are drowned. Livestock Sales Tuesday $15,000 Cattle Prices Hold Steady —676 Head of Cattle ' Sold more vuhieablc lo attack. To equip Britain's 700 steamers and notorships with antiaircraft guns and gunners would take lime and then would not give full safely. For (In- lielldiving Hamburgs, Henschels aii'l Junkers; and Ihc Honkers, Dormers and Fockc-Wolfs drop nol jusl hif;li- cxplosivcs bo'mbs, bul incendiary bombs as well. Vital 1'oHs Arc Bomb 'i'iirjjcts Fire-bombs arc the worst, reportr-'l experts who watched Polish cilie^ put to the torch—a fate thai menace.-' Liverpool, Plyinoulh, Portsmouth Southampton, Dover—ports and arc mouths feeding England the food without, which she starves. Their ducks, their wharves, their shipping, more than the cities themselves, are the targets. And deadly waterfront fires could do England more harm than most reverses on the Western Font. Some of those ports are within an hour's flying lime from Germany—and Unit hour mainly over Ihe North Sea. German bombs may land in channel ports with little or no warning. Nut even Napoleon could hold such •< throat over Britain; a threat to blockade her by air as she blockades Germany by sea; a thrcal nol alone lo slrave her, bul lo cancel oul Ihc crushing supcriorily of Franco-British naval power over Germany—2,000.0110 tons to 200,000. These are staggering stakes lo be won, if at all, only by staggering auda- iity, and, if al all, only by slaggering city and, if al all, now ur never—before Oregon reported frosl and cold Drains, while light snow drifted over eastern Oregon. In New York stale, Albany had a low of 25 other cities in the same area reported nose-nipping temperatures. In the South, mid-summer temperatures prevailed. Charolotte, N. C., 85 The Carolinas were "very dry." Georgia had an October rain deficiency from one-half lo two inches. Forest fires swept over 10 arid counties in Indiana. Fire-fighters looker hopefully on a forecast of "occasional showers" tomorrow. Costly brush fires raged in Kentucky. In Ihe Midwest, the heat wave brou- ghal temperatures of ill in Kansas City and 87.S in St. Louis bul rain foreshadowed cooler wealhcr on the way in western and central Missouri. Bailey Calls for Parley on Rates Industrial and Business Leaders Summoned to L. K. Nov. 2 If any doubts for a minute Ihe growing importance of livestock in Hempstead county, he should visit the Sullon& Collier auction sale any Tuesday. The sale this week totaled $14,957..49 for 676 catllo, 247 hogs and 15 horses and mules. Cattle prices were steady al 4 to 5c, calves GV4c,to 8c and hogs 5'/j lo 7c. Demand was good for young mules. Buyers were plentiful. The phenomenal growth of this sale has forced the owners to build additional sheds and enlarge and improve their sales ring. When completed, the new sales barn will cover half of an entire city block. It costs (between $750 and ?1000 lo train an African elephant, but he pays good dividends whet) put )o work on the Congo plantations of the Belgian government. MIND YOUR MANNERS r M. Mia. w, •. PAT. ore. (Continued on Page Six) M'JTLK IJOCK Governor Bailey's office announced Wednesday that he had called a meeting of the stale's industrial and business leaders al the capitul for November 'I to discuss plans for the state's fight lo obtain reduced freight rates. Depression Has An Encouraging Result LOUISVILLE. Ky. — (/P; — Skeptics, notwithstanding, U9 of every 100 men are honest, believes H. H. Hcinmann of New York City, executive manager of the National Association of Credit Men. "If anyone seems to be amazed," he said at a regional 'meeting of the organization, "you can say that that is nol just my opinion. It's a muter of credit men's records." One of the most encouraging characteristics of the post-World war depression, he said, was the proof that the average man intended to pay his bills. Test your knowledge or correct social usage by answering the following quesliows, then checking against the authoritative answers below: 1. If a girl invilcs a body to her club dance, musl she pay for their tickets'.' 2. Must she provide transport- tion to and from the dance--or leave that to him? .'i. If they stop somewhere to eat after the dance, should she pay the check, since it is her evening? 4. If a girl invites a boy lo a dance and he accepts, must be ask her for another date? 5. If she says she is busy, is it absolutely necessary for him to ask again? What would you do if— Your fiance, who is working in another town, wants you In visit him—as he cannot leave his job to come to your home. Would you— la) Pay your own hotel bill yors- self? tbi Let him pay your hotel bill? Answers 1. Yes. 2. She leaves that to him. 3. No. He takes care of that. 4. Yes. 5. No. Best "What Would You Do" solution—ia>. Lumber Plant at Blevins Damaged Fire Causes $300 Loss, Williams Sawmill Threatened Fire which threatened the A. S. Williams sawmill and lumber plant at Blevins was brought under con- rol at 3 a. m. Wednesday after a buc- cel brigade fought the flames three ours. Part of the Williams lumber yard which adjoins the sawmill plant was lestroyed, causing a loss of about >300. Mr. Williams, in a statement to The Star, said no insurance was carried on the lumber. Ifc said the fire broke out in the umber yard about midnight. A change of wind prevented the flames from reaching the sawmill plant. A number of Blevins citizens joined the bucket brigade and also assisted in moving additional stacks of lumber from the path of Ihe fire. Mr. Williams was at a loss to say how the fire started. Library School Is Held Wednesday Nazis Confer With U. S. , BERLIN, Germany •;-<#)— German authorities worked with the United* States,.-ernbassy Wednesday night to clear the^'cbmplicatect circumstances surrounding the seizure of the American freighter City of Flint by a German sea raider. By the Associated Press Four more British merchantmen and a Greek vessel heavily laden with scrap metal were sunk and another British sinking more than a week ago was reported Tuesday. Loss of the five British ships sent England's toll to 45 and the- losses of all nations to 90 ships. Tonnage losses of all nations rose to 399,319 exclusive of millions of dollars worth of cargoes. The total known, loss of life was 1,774. As far as it could be learned from British sources it was the worst day Ihey had suffered since the war began Germany indicated a new phase of her U-boat campaign by sinking in succession three British ships near the strongly fortified Straits of Gilbralter. These ships, the Menin Ridge, 2,474 tons, Tafna, 4,413 tons and Ledbury 3,528 tons apparently were part of a British convoy. • The American freighter Crown City radioed Washington she had rescued the entire crew of 31 from the Ledbury and had picked up five survivors from the Menin Ridge. The message said 22 men were lost from the Menin Ridge. No report was made on the survivors of the Tafna and such was the case in the destruction of the Scottish freighter Clan Chisholm, 7,256 tons. Glasgow officials announced she had gone down. C a t li c line T h o in p s o n, State Supervisor of WPA •in Charge Merc Mis:; Catherine Thompson of Little Kock, ,st;i(e supervisor of WPA Library projects in Arkansas, i.s in Hope Wednesday conducting n training class for WPA librarians from LaFayeltc. Miller. Nevada, Columbia and Hemp- atcad courftips. The training whool will take up plans for cunrlalint; WPA libraries with Ibo stale setup, plans for Book Week. November 1H-18. and the or- nani/ation and support of county libraries. This is OIK- of a tunes of 12 meetings brins held in Arkansas during Coluber to increase the efficiency and extend the use in this stale. of public libraries Canaries, Too, Get 'Parrot Fever' UKKKLKY. C;i!ir.-i.-?'/-"Parrot fever." (he common name of the dread luruiau ilisea.se, psittacosis, i.s an unfortunate choice, says Dr. Karl F. Meyer of the University of Caliiorni He says canaries, finches, parrakeets and a bird of the petrel family have been known to carry the infection. Finns, Russians Mark Time MOSCOW, Russia — (/P)— Renewed negotiations between Soviet Russia and a Finnish delegation were suspended Tuesday less than 48 hours after the Finns' arrival, leading foreign observers to believe the talks were not going happily. The Finns prepared to return Tuesday to Helsinki presumably for fresh inslurction from their government, indicating that compromise proposals they brought here were unacceptable or that Soviet authorities may have marie new demands. Neither Russians nor Finns would discuss the status of negotiations, although there was no indication the yhad broken town. Some foreign observers believed that Finland was balking at purported proposals for surrender of the strategic Aaland islands in the Gulf of Bothnia and the quartering of Soviet troops in Finland proper. These sources said they believed Finland was ready to yield some trade privileges and perhaps concessions on certain small is- lands'in the Gulf of Finland. Neutral diplomatic cricles reported that Finland was seeking a free port or the right of duty free eniry for Finnish goods to sonic northern Russian port on the White sea near where Finland has territory but no oullet. It takes 10 ions of black coal turned jjito steam !o make one horsepower, according lo estimates by steam engineers. A major crime i.s committed every 22 .seconds in the United States, which country has a crime rate seven tunes greater than that of England. Pluto, newest, discovered of ihc planets, makes only one trip around the sun in 249 earth yews. Cotton NEW YORK—OP)—New York'cotton for December opened Wednesday at 9.06 and closed at 9.14. Spot middling 9.42.
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