The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts on August 6, 1963 · Page 1
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The North Adams Transcript from North Adams, Massachusetts · Page 1

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Adams 'Cmmaipt North Adams — Adams— Willramstown • Massachusetts 120TH YEAR • NO. 48 TUESDAY, AUGUST *. 1963 14 PAGES • 8 CENTS fff:!*3mm*4 Sifi hSft»g«P v »» Nonaggression Pact Talks Must Wait Until NATO Allies Consult STEAM LOCOMOTIVE HERE AGAIN — Emesf Konopka of 614 West Shaft Rd., local rapresentative of Steamfown U.S.A., railroad museum in Bellows Falli, stands on steam locomotive as if pauses on siding in Williamstown en routt to the museum. Some 15 persons, including several children seeing their first steam locomotive, gathered in railroad yard *no! climbed around the old-timer, (Story on Page Pour.) Second Largest City in Haiti Said To Fall to Haitian Exile Invaders Underworld Sets Price of $100,000 On Head of Valachi WASHINGTON (AP>—The underworld has set a price of $100,000 on the head of Joseph Vala- chi, the informant who gave officials their best information on the structure of the syndicate which dominates the crime picture in the United States, government sources said today. "We're going to keep him alive," one source said. "We don't know exactly what we are going to do with him, but we're going to keep him in a safe place." The syndicate—lo which Vala- chi gave the name "Cosa Noslra" meaning "our thing" —has noised it around the underworld that the man who kills Valachi for breaking the syndicate's blood oath of silence, will be paid $100,000, informants said. Meanwhile, it also was learned that the Valachi testimony—which he spilled during a year of questioning—has led to more breakthroughs in the government's quest for informalion about Ihf. syndicale. Olher weak spots in the syndi- eale's chain are being tapped for information. Not only Valachi's cooperation, but also the .Justice Department's increasing pressure on organized crime, is being credited here for a sudden increase In the number of lalkalive hoodlums. Eisenhower Sails To Normandy Beaches PORTSMOUTH, ENGLAND (AP) —Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower nailed today on * senlimental journey to the beaches of Normandy—scene of one of the greatest moments of his career as supreme Allied commander in Europe in World War If. Eisenhower sailed in the Brilish destroyer Ghurka to feature in a television film being made for the 20th anniversary celebrations next year of the historic 1944 landings. Aim Is to Topple Terrorist Regime of Dictator Duvalier news by SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic (AP)—A report circulated here today that a band of Haitian exile invaders, aiming to topple the terrorist regime of dictator Francois (Papa Doc) Duvalier, have captured Cap Haitien, Haiti's second largest city. The report was unconfirmed. Cap Hailien, a port city of 25,000, is 90 miles north of Port Au Prince, Haiti's capital. Confirms Invasion Duvalier, the voodoo-preaching physician turned strongman, acknowledged Monday night there was an invasion on Haiti's north coast. Tlie Dominican frontier forces and navy were alerted after news of the invasion and Haili charged that some of the invaders came from adjoining Dominican Republic, which shares Ihe island of His- paniola wilh Haili. Dominican President Juan Bosch conferred with his armed forces chiefs al the national palace. The newspaper Listin Diario reported that a number of Haitian official have crossed into the Dominican Republic seeking asylum. Some Haitian soldiers also reportedly fled across the border. Haitian exile sources in Santo Domingo said at least 500 well- armed men, trained for guerrilla warfare, landed Monday at Fort Liberte, 18 miles east of Cap Hait- ien, and quickly captured the towns oi Fort Liberte, Derac, Trou and Limonade. There were rumors that another force of exiles landed on Haiti's long const in the night. Cap Haitien was placed on a war footing and n curfew imposed. Reports reaching here said American families were evacuated to Cap Haitien from the U.S.- owned Dauphin sisal plantation on the orders of the Duvalier government. The plantation lies near Fort Liberte, about 5 miles west of the Dominican border. A news source in Port au Prince said Monday night little was known in public there except that a rebel force apparently was fighting the Haitian army in the north. Censors barred correspond- Americans Set Trap But No North Korean Reds Appear WITH U.S. 1ST CAVALRY DIVISION, Korea (AP) - A heavy American force set up ambush positions in the demilitarized zone Monday nighl and withdrew at dawn today witliout contacting any Communist North Korean troops. The combat-ready Americans went Into position at dusk Monday. They set up three traps for Communist patrols that have been striking into United Nalioa-i territory and on occasions launching strong attack on U.S. units. The exact number of American troops involved was classified. But Ihe U.S. force is known to have been much larger than the small patrols Ihnt normally guard llw U.S. sector of Ihe 151-mile truce line established niter Ihe Korean Wnr. II is obvious lhat Ihe U.S. command is determined to stop all North Korean movement—by large Red forces or small units—into what the 1(153 armistice agreement termed U.N. territory. Orders were given that the American force hold its fire until Communist troops moved in close. "We were to use grenades and bring back the meal," one sergeant said. Armored personnel carriers moved to wilhin a few thousand yards of the demilitarized zone and stood by in the event a fight developed. The scene was about 13 mile* enst of Panmunjom near a road junction where Iwo Americans were killwl in a North Korean ambush July 29. ent.s from sending out cable. Gen. Leon Canlave, chief of (he Haitian armed forces for five months in 1937, led the invasion under the banner of the National Democratic Union. Cantave told an interviewer recently lie was not interested in becoming president, only in ousting Duvalier. Paul Verna, a former Haitian diplomat representing the National Democratic Union, said an unidentified island off the coast was used as a staging area for the invasion. Some of Ihe invaders were identified as former Haitian army officers who had been living in Santo Domingo. Verna said the rebels expect lo form a military-civilian provisional government in north Haili. Cantave Once Army Chief Cantave, a career officer, became chief of the Haitian army in December 1956 after the ovef- throw of President Paul E. Magloire. He quit on May 25, 1057, to avoid involvement in his country's turbulent politics, and has been in exile for six years. Duvalier, 54, a Negro country doctor, became president of Haiti in .1957. He has survived strikes, violence and a dozen plots against his life. He gave himself an illegal second term, extending until 1967, after a rigged election in 1951. His coastitutional term expired last May 15, and underground opponents vowed lo assassinate him before then. But he survived and last month his forces killed the two chief leaders of the underground, brothers Clement anil Harry Barbot. OAS Council In Meet WASHINGTON (AP)—Tlie Organization of American States called an emergency meeting of its council loday to discuss the exile invasion of Haiti. Tlie meeting was set for 3 p.m. Fern D. Baguidy, Haiti's ambassador to the OAS, asked for Ihe mefeting. A reported' 500 exile soldiers landed on Haiti's north coast early Monday. Baguidy charged Monday night that the exiles "came from the Dominican Republic." The OAS council is empowered . to net provisionally as a meeting of consultation of the American foreign ministers in cases of Ihreats lo the hemisphere's peace. Separated Douglases Not Long Unmarried BEVERLY HILLS, Calif. (AP) —Mercedes Douglas plans to marry todny—the dny after her former husband, .Supreme Court Justice William 0. Douglas, married a girl 41 years his junior. Monday—as her husband's marriage to a 23-year-old, government girl was making' headlines — Mercedes Douglas came up wilh some news of her own: Al 6 p.m. today, nt the home of a friend, she would marry Robert B. Eichholz, 52, a Washington attorney. Mrs. Douglas is 46. Their sudden marriage plnnx cnme as a surprise to many—as did Ihe marriage of Ihe lowering, while-Mulched justice lo a secretary whom ho first met when she was a college coed. Memorial Service Held in Hiroshima For Bomb Victims HIROSHIMA, Japan (AP)—The people of Hiroshima paused today to mourn the victims of history's first atom bomb attack, made on their city 18 years ago today. But they took heart from the signing of the partial nuclear test ban trealy in Moscow. At 8:15 a.m.—Ihe exact lime that the American B29 "Enola Gay" dropped the bomb on Aug. 6, 19(5 — a swarm of doves wheeled into the air and the Hiroshima peace bell began its sorrowful toll. A crowd of 35,000 stood wilh bowed heads for a minute of silence before the simple, arched memorial to the city's atomic dead. Mayor Shinzo Hamai, dressed in black, referred to the Moscow treaty in his memorial address, expressing "great gratification that at long last a pact for the partial banning of nuclear weapons has been concluded by the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union." The memorial ceremony was brief nnd restrained, in marked contrast to the confusion and political bickering which broke up the opening Monday night of the Communist-dominated ninth world . conference against hydrogen and. atom bombs. Delegates from Red China, Soviel Russia and many other countries were present al the commemoration today, but they were relcgaled lo the background. Today In Nation"* Capital WASHINGTON (AP) — In the news from Washington: DEAL EXTENDED: West Germany has agreed lo buy $1.3 billion in U.S. equipmenl and services over Iwo years. The agreement, initialed in Bonn by Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara and German Defense Minisler Kai-Uwe von Hassel, extended through fiscal 1965 the program under which Germany makes U.S. purchases of about $850 million a year. The program is considered important to the American effort to bring in money from abroad to balance against the heavy U.S. spending overseas. McNamara returned lo VVash- inglon Monday after a week in Germany. * t * MORE TIME: Congress has decided to give the National Cultural Center trustees three more years to raise some ?30 million by public subscription. The initial five-year period expires Sept. 2 with only $10 million raised to build Ihe center. But the House completed congressional action on the reprieve by a 293-33 vote Monday. The bill, which now goes to the White House, also raises the number of trustees from 15 lo 30. » * * CHURCH SCHOOLS: Sen. Abraham Ribicoff, D-Conn., said today Ihe Kennedy adminislration supports restricted federal aid to church-related schools. Ribicoff cited in a prepared Senate speech a July 3 letter from Francis Keppel, commissioner of education, lhat it is hb view there should be "federal financial assistance to private education at all levels, using such means as are generally agreed to be constitutional." There is a general misunderstanding, Hibicoff said, that President Kennedy opposed aid lo parochial schools as unconstitutional. But he said what Kennedy opposes is across-the-board aid and nol assistance given to such projects as the building of a chemistry laboratory. Fallout Shelter For Dairy Cattle Will Be Tested ELKHORN, Neb. (AP)-Thirty Guernsey cows and a bull go underground today to begin a two- week test of how animals would react to living in a nuclear fallout shelter. The tesl will be conducted by .T. Gordon Roberts, an Omaha dairyman, in a $35,000 shelter erected in 1961 at Roberts' dairy farm near Elkhorn. The animals will be taken outside for exercise for short periods after the first day or two—just as they could be after the nuclear fall-out began dissipating in an actual attack. Thousands of Enlisted Men Unable to Get Along on Pay WASHINGTON (AP) — Thousands of Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine enlisted men have had to turn to charity because they are unable lo make ends meel on their service incomes. An Associaled Press survey of Ihe military services and service- affiliated relief organizations indicated loday that the relief agencies have paid out millions of dollars to help provide military families with such needs as food and clothing. Some families accept food surplus packages. Others, particularly I hose with many children, are able lo draw stale welfare pay- mcnls. Armed forces personnel specialists said many men take jobs in bowling alleys, filling stations, groceries and other private businesses to add to their service pay. Their wives often work. • One Marine welfare officer called il "disgraceful" that senior non-commissioned officers living in Washington, D.C., area should have to take off-duty civilian job* to keep their heads above water. The armed services said they do nol know even approximately how many of their men have been drawing some fortr of relief. A hint of the scope comes from tiic semi-officini military relief or- ganizations, which operate on voluntary contributions. These groups were set up because regulations bar Ihe services from using government funds to furnish emergency aid. Army Emergency Relief gave out $4,178,661 in loans and grants last year. One-third of this went to 12,215 cases fo pay for food, rent, and utilities. The Navy Relief Society distributed $4,036,570 in 1962, about half going to avert want among Navy men, Marines, Ihcir wives and children. The Air Force Aid Society paid out more than $750,000 between December and May. No breakdown was available of the portion devoted to staving off destitution. The help furnished by service relief societies is generally of a one-shot variety. For long-term help, the services are banking on a Jl,2-blllion military pay bill before Congress. It would provide the first military pay boost In five years, hut would not provide more money for privates and seamen. Pentagon leaders headed by Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara contend the pay ailua- Hon U damaging morale among Ihe 2.7 million people in the armed forces and driving men wilh valuable skills out of uniform. NMCP Calls 3-Day Conference on Civil Rights Legislation WASHINGTON (AP) — Negro leaders and white sympathizers gather today for a strategy conference designed to assure passage of civil rights legislation. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People called the three-day meeting of several hundred persons from around the country to: 1. Enable them to meet with their members of Congress and stress their desire for "meaningful civil rights legislation." 1. Plan "continuous grass root? activity" in the states to build popular sentiment for the legislation and convey this sentiment lo Congress. Among those listed lo speak at the sessions were several Congress members and churchmen of Protestant, Roman Catholic and Jewish faillis. The sessions are distinct from the big "march for jobs and freedom" which six civil rights organizations, including the NAACP, are planning for Aug. 28. In this demonstration, an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 Negroes and whites are to gather near the Washington Monument and march lo the Lincoln Memorial, a half mile away, for exercises and speeches. Discussing this march Monday, Dr. Waller Fauntroy, Washington coordinator of (he demonstration, indicated that if Congress should decide to lake a long Labor Day recess and thus be out of town Aug. 28, the demonstration would be postponed. But the director of information for the march, Sy Posner, said in New York: "The march will be held rain or shine on the 28th whether Congress is in session or not." There had been some indications lhat Congress might be in recess, but latest signs are that it will be here Aug. 23. Documents Confirm Red Chinese Army Near Revolt in '61 TOKYO (AP)-The U.S. State Department's publication of documents telling of unrest and near- revolt in Red China's army in 1960-61 confirms what the Chinese themselves have hinted—there was major trouble. The documents also substantiate outside assessments of what the shakeups and changes of that time and earlier meant. Tlie beginning of the Red army disaffection dates from 1958, when parly chairman Mao Tze-tung, boss of Red China, launched a speeded up industrial and agricultural program lo bring peasants into a vast network of rural communes. Mao took the drastic step against Ihe advice of Soviet Premier Khrushchev. Marshal Peng Teh-luiai, defense minisler, recognized lhal Mao's dispute wilh Khrushchev could lead lo withdrawal of Soviet help to the Chinese army. Peng opposed Mno's plan and was reported to have communicalet! his views to Khrushchev. He was dismissed in September 1!)59 and his name has not heen mentioned by the Chinese since. Gen. Huang Ko-chcng, Peng's army chief of staff, was fired nt the same lime. His disgrace was completed in Seplemher 1%2 when he was fired from the secretariat of Ihe Communist party Central Committee flUmK with Gen. Tan Cheng, head of the army's chief political department. Khrushchev is said lo have attacked Ihe Chinese leaders sharply in 1960 for dropping Peng. From lhat lime on, HIP Chinese now have disclosed, Soviet aid lo China slopped. Kador and Harriman Discuss Relations BUDAPEST, Hungary (AP)— Premier Janos Kndar nnd W. Av- «rell Harriman discussed possibilities of improving American-Hungarian relations when the U.S. assistant secretary of state wa-« in Moscow to negotiate the nuclear test ban trealy, Kadar said Monday. Kadar told » Sovlet-Hun- gnrlan friendstilp rally: "We rmut realize lhal the American leaders do not love Hungary's government and leaders more Ihim some years ago, yet sober nnd roalislic policies seem to prevail among them these days." Secretary Rusk Also Said to Have Told Russians U. S. Intends to Push For Guarantees for Western Interests in Berlin MOSCOW (AP)—American and Brilish foreign policy chiefs told the Russians today negotiations on Premier Khrushchev's proposal for an East-West nonaggression pact will have to -wait until the NATO allies have discussed it, diplomatic sources said. Berlin Issue Secretary of Slate Dean Rusk also made il clear that when the matter does reach Ihe bargaining slage, the United States will push for guarantees for Western inter-, ests in Berlin, these .sources disclosed. Rusk and British Foreign Secretary Lord Home were reported to have made these points to Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gromyko in talks that followed the signing Monday of the partial nuclear test ban agreement. Conference informants said Gromyko insisted that the three powers get to work on the nonaggres- sion treaty, which Khrushchev originally proposed should be signed at the same time as the nuclear test ban treaty. The Russians, however, had agreed to conclude the test ban treaty first and give the allies within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization time lo talk over the nonaggression pact among themselves. Rusk was said to have told Gromyko that he could go no further on Ihis subject until the NATO discussions are completed. Diplomats Applauded A crowd of about 500 applauded th« Big Three foreign ministers enthusiastically when they left their morning conference in the skyscraper Foreign Ministry. The Muscovites mood reflected the optimist:- glow with which the whole Soviet press greeted the nuclear ban and contrasted with the grim silence which has usually confronted Western statesmen here. The three drove to a villa in the Lenin Hills to continue over lunch their exploratory talks intended to find out whether the nuclear ban had created a breakthrough in East-West relations that could lead to new peace moves. Among the steps considered was Premier Khrushchev's demand for a NATO-Warsaw Ireaty non- nggression pact. "We discussed matters of mutual inlercsl relating to international problems," Rusk told newsmen. Other U.S. Diplomats Rusk was accompanied to the conference by Adlai E. Stevenson, chief U.S. delegate to the United Nations; William C. Foster, di- reclor of the American Disarmament Agency; Ambassador Foy D. Kohler, and Charles Stelle, U.S. representative to Ihe Geneva disarmament conference. Members of the U.S. Senate delegation who accompanied Rusk to Moscow were guests today of Soviet parliamentary leaders in the Kremlin. They will return to Washington Wednesday. The lest ban treaty—pledging to abstain from nuclear weapon lest 1 ! in Ihe almospliere, outer space end under water — was signed by the foreign ministers Monday. Soviet Premier Khrushchev called it the "firsl sprouts of i nl em at ion al confidence" and said his government "would do everything in its power for these sprouts to develop and gain in strength." Rusk and Lord Home .made sirriilar pledges but neither laid any special emphasis on particular Easl-Wesl issues remaining to be settled. Repeals Call Khrushchev, however, repealed his call for an Easl-West nonag- gression pact "to show all the peoples that the militarily mosl (powerful states...have reached agreement among themselves with Ihe aim of evading thermonuclear war." Khrushchev was expected lo leave Moscow today for a Black Sea vacation. He has invited Rusk to visit his seaside dacha, and the U.S. secretary will probably fly down to Gagra, on the Soviet Riviera, on Thursday. The official Soviet News Agency Tass carried interviews regarding the treaty with U.S. Sen- alors Leverett Saltonstall, R Mass., John 0. PastoVe, D - H.I., and George D. Aiken, R-Vt. Aiken described the treaty as a seed from which a fine tree could grow and "from which we can expect wonderful fruit;" Sallonstall said it opened up prospects for the consolidation of world peace. Senate Will Get Treaty This Week WASHINGTON (AP) — Senal» Democratic leader Mike Mansfield of Montana said today President Kennedy plans to send th« nuclear tesl ban Ireaty to the Senate this week, probably Thursday, and hearings on it will begin Monday. Mansfield reported the schedule afler he and other Democratic congressional leaders had their weekly White House breakfast. He said the plan is for the Senale Foreign Relations Commillee to hear State Department witnesses Monday, Defense Department witnesses Tuesday and Atomic Energy Commission witnesses Wednesday. Mansfield said the Foreign Relations Committee, headed by Sen. J. W. Fulbrighl, D-Ark., will give expeditious consideration to the treaty. Fulbright was among six senators who witnesses the formal signing of the Ireaty in Moscow Monday. House speaker John W. McCormack of Massachusetts said the leadership told Kennedy the tnx hill is going along very fast In the House Ways and Means Committee. Soviets Launch 19th In Cosmos Series MOSCOW (AP)—The Soviet Union today launched another Cosmos earth satellite, an unmanned scientific research vehicle. Tile launching was announced by Moscow Rnriio. It sniti (his was No. 19 hi Ihe series of satellites which began going up in March 1C, 1902. Vietnam Buddhists Predict Fake Coup Blamed on Them SAIGON, Viet Nam (AP) — South Vietnamese Buddhist leaders charged today the government is planning to singe a fake coup d'elat aimed at discrediting Buddhists nnd political opposition leaders. The false coup, Buddhists say, would last only a few hours, aflcr which leading Buddhists and oppositionists would be arrested nnd charged wilh perpetrating it. The Buddhist high priest, the Rev. Thich Tinti Khiel, made Ihe charge in a letter to President Ngo Dinh Dietn, a Roman Catholic. Khiet wroie, "ThU plol appears aimed at creating confusion, in which the Xa Loi pagoda (Buddhist* headquarters) will be destroyed, and Buddhisl* leader* will be killed. "This plot could also be aimed al Introducing another person than you into the presidency on the baxia lhat you are considered too weak." The "other person" mentioned in Ihe idler was not named, bill Buddhists said they had in mind Ngo Dinh Nliu, the president's powerful brother. According lo one persistent rumor, n coup attempt is considered likely before the arrival of U.S. Amliassador-dcsiguntc Henry Cabot Lodge later this month. American officials arc keeping a close eye on the situation hut tend to discount the likelihood of a coup. The Weather Continued sunny this afternoon. Clear tonight. T,ow near 55. Sunny wilh Increasing rloadlm-m tomorrow. High near Mi. Showers tit morrow nlghl and Into Thursday,

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