World-Wide Newt Coverage Given Impartially by Associated Press Hope Star The Weather ARKANSAS—Mostly cloudy, warmer in cast portion Friday night; Saturday partly cloudy and cooler in th« east portion VOLUME 41—NUMBER 6 HOPE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1939 PRICE 5c COPY PACT STUDI BY EUROPE I ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft ft Bobcat Second Team io Take Field Against Nashville at 8 p.m. Special Train to Bring Scrappers, Band, Fans Here Hope Boosters Urged to Provide Transportation to Field TEAMS IN CONDITION Light Nashville Squad Expected to Toss Many Passes In Game Unless Coach Foy Hammons changes his mind before game-time, the scc- niid string squad will take the field in the renewal of gridiron hostilities here Friday night between Hope and Nashville high schools. Just how long the second-stringers will stay in the game depends upon their showing. The Scrappers always put up their hardest battle against Hope but this j year finds them up against the best in ! • tho history of the local school. ] On the other hand, Nashville is ; having a "lean year" and is reported j to hnve an unusually light squad. j Team In Shape Reports from Nashville say that the team is in good condition and is ready to start bombing from the air in an effort to get post the big Hope line. The Bobcats have been warned uguinst air raids and Coaches Hammons and Brasher have spent considerable lime Ihis week preparing to throw up defenses against aerial attacks. The forward pass, in recent years, continues more than ever 'is the most 1 .speclnchli-r and 'quickest "scoring maneuver in football. Coach Hammons has lots of respect .. for Coach "Bo" Sherman and his ability to devise- a highly deceptive overhead game. In short, Coach Hammons declared that it's going to take a "blockout," not a "blackout," to stop the Scrappers here Friday night. Special Train 6:15 The Nashville team, band and u number of fans will arrive in Hope on a .special Missouri Pacific train at 6:45 o'clock. Hope fans arc urged to meet the train and provide transportation to the football field. The train is due here ill li:45. The game starts al 8:00. The Probable Starting Lineup HOPE Jones 200 Snykcr 180 Stuart 1GO W Taylor 170 May 165 Con way 190 Ward I 170 Murphy 138 Keitii 150.. Simnw 140 Bcckworth 155 Team Average Line Average Backfield Average Left End Left Tackle .. Left Guard . Center . Right Guard .... Right Tackle .... Right End yuartor Back .... Left Half . Right Half ... Full Back 1G5 160 176 162 145 155 Nashville Arnold 150 Powers 200 Whitmore 140 ..Harrison 150 _C. Tollett 145 ...... Nichols 200 Vick , 150 .. .Johnson 130 ^osnell 170 Junn 155 Jnderwood 165 Team Average Line Average tckl'ield Average Arms Embargo Issue Is Reversed From What It Was in the Last European War Gurdon Wins 13-0 Against Prescott Nashville Is Heady NASHVILLE —Arrangements were completed Thursday for a special train to be run to Hope this (Friday) afternoon to carry the Scrappers and the local fans to the annual football game between the Scrappers and the Hope Bob Cats. The round trip fare for the .special will be G5 cents for each person, and thus price may be lowered a .small amount if 150 or mure go by train. The train will leave Nashville at , r ):;iO. which will give some time in Hope before (lie game .starts, but will leave Hope as soon after the end of the game as it is possible for the passengers to return to the station. It is estimated the .special will arrive in Nashville at about 12 o'clock. All persons who wish to go to Hope, on the special train should call th Chamber of Commerce, in order tha it may be known if the full quota o loO will go. This arrangement was made he cause many of the fans did not wish to drive over the rough highway l( Hope and because many of the parents flidnul want their children to go in automobiles. The team will go on the train, as will al.so the high .school band. The hand will be chaperoned by their official chapcrones, but parents of the band membres may ride in the coach with the band, A special coach has been provided for the band und its ' chaperones. Coach "Bo" Sherman's team is in good condition for the game, although the Hope team will look like a varsity team from a university beside our squad. Passing Attack Too Much for the Curley Wolves PRESCOTT, Aak.—With an effective passing altack that accounted for bolh touchdowns the Gurdon Go- Devils defeated Prescotl's Curly Wolves 13 to 0, in their annual clash here Thursday night. A capacity crowd saw the game. The aerial combination Davidson-to- Bor-cn. scored in both tho first and scc~ ond quarters, missing point-afiter- touchclown on the first, but making it good on Ihe second tally. The second'touchdown produced an rgumcnt. Bones caught a long pass practically on the goal-line, went over or about four steps, and dropped Ihe all. Officials ruled he had held Ihe jail long enough, and the play went or a touchdown—immediately a crowd f several hundred fans from both owns swarmed into the south end- ionc and fought while the learns arid with each oilier. It was a typical Ticeting of two old foolball rivals; bul ice was rcslorcd and the game wenl on. Prcscolt earned 10 first downs to urdon's nine. The Wolves made progress down Ihe field bul could no convert their long marches into touch- donws, being hailed Iwicc on Ihc onc- ynrd line. Gurdon showed a nice running al- tack and a truly great passing offense. Bearoen Not to Be In Political Race Former Sheriff Not to Seek Office In 1940 Campaign Former Sheriff Jim Bearden. in statement to The Star Friday, said tha lie would not be n candidate for an county office in the 1940 primary el cclion. His slatemenl follows: "Rumors have circulated over th county that I wish to clear up. Rumoi have it that I will be a candidate fo sheriff in 1940. ,T>is js plitica.1 goi sip. "I wish to ndvisc my friends lhal will not be a candidate for any counl office—and will not be interested Hempstead county politics at all in the 19-10 political campaign. "My friends will recall that I made the statement several weeks ago that the Bcardcns would come out alright in Clark and Hcmpstcad counties. We have." 2 Dead As Result of Auto Accident Mrs. Mabel G. McMahon Dies at Her Home In Buckner Dreamer HOUSTON, Texas—i/l')—For years Marion D/.ierzanowski, a farmer, dreamed thai he would become wealthy from oil. He died four years ago wilh no trace of "black sold" having been found on his hismcstead. Now his heirs are planning to divide a tidy income from a producer that has been drilled on the D/-ier/.anowski place. Tho biggest ocean liner ever to sai! llnuugh the Panama, canal was the Bremen, which is 940 feel long, has beam of 1U1 feet, and a loaded draft ol 33 feet 10'i inches. STAMPS, Ark—Mrs. Mabel Gnatt McMahon, 5li, died al her home in Ouckncr Thursday of injuries received in an automobile accident near here last Sunday. Her death was the second resulting from the wreck. Earl Allen, 60-year- old Cotton Belt railway depot agent t Buckncr, died in the Cotton Belt luspital at Texarkana Tuesday. Mrs. McMahon was driver of the car 11 which Allen was riding. She received chest injudies, along with cuts tnd bruises. , She is survived by three daughters, Nell McMahon of El Dorado, Mrs. Orrin Hcnbest of Russelville, and Mrs. Phut-limn Jones of Heber Springs; a jrother, J. E. Gantt of Texarkana; and .wo grandchildren. Funeral services will be held al Buckncr Methodist church Friday, with burial in Buckncr cemetery. Miss Samuel Joins Kate's Beauty Shop Miss Faye Samuel, daughter of Mr. «nd Mrs. D. M. Samuel, of DoAnn, has returned from Litllc Rock to join'lhe staff of beauticians at Kate's Beauty and Gift shop. Miss Samuel is a graduate of Hope High School and of Eaton's beauty college at Little Rock. After graduation there she spent two years with the Tanner-Clara beauty shop at Little Rock. Miss Samuel comes to Hope highly recommended by her Litllc Rock em- ployes und customers. A Thought For in much wisdom is much grief; and he that increased! knowledge incrcascth sorrow—Ecclcs- iablwi 1:18. The Red army is now organised on the basis of unvicrsal military service. The soldiers arc organized in democratic fashion and do not .salute officers unless they fee! like it. Providence/School Merger Is Urged Leo Ray Reviews Consolidation Issue of Hope- Providence Editor The Star: To the patrons and school directors of Rural Dislricl 14 (Providence)— On October 16, Ihe school directors, of Providence appeared before the Hope School Directors and asked thai the pupils living in Rural Dislricl 1G nol be transported lo the Hope schools. This request was granted by Ihe Hope School Board. Those of us who have children attending the Hope Schools arc at it Joss lo understand why we were not given consideration. We are anxious and willing to confer and plan with the Providence Board and all parties concerned in working this situation out. Consolidation was attempted during the lasl school term and was lost by only one vote. We want to abide by the wishes of the majority, and from Ihe number of pupils attending the Hope schools il is evident lhal the wishes of the majority favor complete high school education for the children of the Providence district. There have been Iwo reasons offered for the request of withdrawing transportation for the pupils of this District. Let us look at this without prejudice, and wilh sound reasoning. The reasons given are: loss of school building for church and Sunday school, and higher laxcs. I understand lhat the Hope school board offered or sug- gcsted maintaining a four-grade school such as the city of Hope maintains at the Paisley and Brookwood schools. This did not seem to interest the Providence School Board. 1 do not believe there is anybody in the community more interested in keeping up u good Sunday school and church than I am, and I wan I lo say Ihis: In any event the Sunday school and church cannot be held in our building—even though there is not the slightest chance of il happening—I, for one. will give my personal check for 550 'to apply on the building of a church. Will you help promote the' religious life of the community as much?. Let us figure on taxation for a minute. For instance, my total taxes based on assessed valuation of $755 or 12 millcs school tax at Providence, is $9.05. Taking it into Hope on an 18 mill levy, my taxes will be increased 1.2 cents per clay per year. Do you not think u co'mplote 12-gradu educa- Allies Protested the Ban Then; Now Nazis Fight Repeal America Had No Embargo in 1914—Sought to Establish One SALE LEGITIMATE But International Law Held Less Certain Than an Embargo This Is the last of three stories outlining some of the neutrality problems which facet) Ihc U. S. In .lite World war, and the relation of these same problems to the present situation. By WILLIS THORNTON The question of munitions of war for Europe was just as troublesome in 1914-17 as it is today. When war broke in 1914, liie United Slates did not export munitions to any exlenl for two reasons: first, it didn't have any, and second, the British and French thought they didn't need any. In Dccembebr, 1914, five months afte* war broke, Senator Hitchcock proposed an arms embargo' bill "in the 'Senate. The British protested unofficially lhat thus to change the rules after war had begun would be unncutral, .and the British ambassador came very close to impudence in his representations to Secretary of State Bryan. This is an exact reversal of Die position in 1939, when the United Stales finds itself with a previously-enacted embargo on arms applicable to all countries at war. The movement to repeal this embargo and rcvcnt to Uic old-established "rules" of international law is now protested frbm German sources as an unncutral changing of the rules after war has begun. The traditional position in international law at the time of the lasl war had been that neurals were fully within their rights in selling munitions to either or both sides in a war. When, in early 1915, American munitions began to trickle into Ihc fighling lines in France, great resentment was aroused in Gci'many as German officers at Ihc front identified American ammunition from unexplodcd shells. By April of that year the German embassy was protesting, lhat the American munitions industry should not be expanded, which would be un- Hundreds of planes await permission to go to war." Munitions fo blesome in 1914 American munitions s new since 1917 "Prcccdcnls about munitions exports arc so confused as (o puzzle experts in interrtationil law," New Car Owners Must Pay License 1939 Tag Required On the 1940 Models, Attorney General Rules neulral, though conceding that export of munitions from existing plants was correct. liven Bernstorff Was Embarrassed German Ambassador Bcrnslorff lalci admitted that the question was embarrassing lo him because the German position had no basis in international law, since the second Hague, conference had legalized munition.' trade at Germany's own suggestion. The Hitchcock arms embargo bill was defeated, however, and when the terrible shell shortage came upon Britain in early 1915 and Lloyd George was placed in charge of munitions supply to break Ihc deadlock, a big push of munitions orders came lo a United Stales suffering from industrial depression. Though Spain, Italy, Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Holland embargoed 'iinmitions shortly after war broke, (lie United States went to work to supply an ever-increasing measure of Die allies' munitions needs. The U. S. government had no right to sell rifles or such supplies to belligerents, il decided, but private persons did have. Up to March, 1917, private firms in the United States sold §2,187,948.799 worth of war supplies to the allies. Theoretically these were open also to Germany, but the allied blockade prevented their gelling any. In 191li alone these war supplies totaled mure than ;i billion dollars. Today export of arms is forbidden. But the British and French had, previous lo the declaration of war, imported American ail-planes in large quantities, and American plants were working on orders for more when war LITTLE ROCK—Attorney General Jack Holt held Thursday that purchase of 1940 automobile licenses during the regular November-December 31 purchase period will not exempt automobile owners from buying 1939 quarterly licenses if they have not previously bought 193!) licenses for their cars. Quarterly licenses were placed on sale October 1. The question was raised by Revenue Dcparlmcnl officials seeking to determine whether persons buying 1941 models before January 1 could operate them the last two months of Ihis year on 1940 tags. These tags will be placed on sale November 1 under a 1939 aci | changing the period for buying « i licenses without penalty from January 1-Feburary 28 to November 1- Decembcr 31. Mr. Holt said the 1939 act did not repeal ;( 1929 act providing thai atilo license taxes should be paid for a calendar year: it merely changed tin time for pawmenl of such licensi taxes. Factories at'Akron, O., absorb abou two-fifths of the world's production o crude rubber. CRANIUM CRACKERS Negro Critical After Shooting Othu Frierson, 25, In Josephine Hospital; y 1C. Noble Held Othu Frierson, 25, Hope negro police character, was shol through the abdomen and seriously wounded late Thursday afternoon. Police said Ihe shooling resulted from a quarrel with Clarence Noble negro service station employe, Noble was arrested soon after the shooting and is held in the city jail. Frierson was taken to Josephine hospital where physicians said his condition was critical. The intestines were punctured a number of limes His condition remained critical Friday. The shooting. occurred. aboul ( o'clock Thursday afternoon on Soutl Laurel street. Hope Delegates at Texarkana Meeting Extend Time for Opinion Is Varied Over Turks Move; U. S. Mail Halted Great Britain Stops American Mail Sent to Germany GERMAN ~MR THREAT Nazi Warplanes Driven Back After Reaching . Scotland By the Associated Press German warplanes reached Scotland anew Friday but were forced back without bombing by the British defenses. On land, rains churned up mud on the Western front where both German and French communiques noted a night of quiet. On sea, Germany warned of a possible extension of warfare in declaring neutral ships risk being sunk if escorted by allied warships. On the diplomatic front there was anixcty in Germany and jubilation in allied camps over the British-French- Turkish pact of mutual assistance. European chancelleries were busy analizing the treaty signed Thursday in Ankara, and each nation, according to its own fears, ambitions or location, .produced a different answer, to what it meant. / Germans were described as stunned. Adolph Hitler awaited for the, ambassador to Ankara for ,a report on the new situation. ' • ^RvUo^s^ld^thafclfee..extension $ German influence in the Balkans'had been blocked. At the same time there, eppeared to be a conscious effort not to offend Soviet Russia, Germany's new partner. Slop U. S. Mail WASHINGTON — (ffI — Secretary Hull said Friday that the state department was considering whether "to make representations to Great Britain over the seizure of American mail enroutc to Germany. Hull said the state department had just received reports that in some instances ships carrying American mail addressed to Germany had been stopped by British, the mail censored, and then returned to this country. Earlier, postoffice officials said they were routing all mail to Germany'by Italy in the hope of escaping the Brit- Laying Gas Line Louisiana-Nevada Transit Co., Is Given Additional 90 Pays An additional 90 days in which to complete a pipe line to be used for the iransportation of natural gas from the Cotton Valley field in Websler Parish, La., to Okay, Howard county, | testimony of a communist labor or- isli blockade. Prisoner In Russia WASHINGTON—(/P)—Chairman Dies (D. Tex.) of the house Un-American committee suggested Friday that the stale department should look into future relations with Russia because of (Continued on Page Four) (Continued on Page Three) Cotton NEW YORK-(/I 1 )—New York cotton for December opened at 9.00 and closol 8.1)1-93 Friday. Middling .spot 9.11). Geography Lesson Since war began anew in Europe, many maps of that continent have appeared in your daily newspapers. Test your knowledge of European geography with these qeslions. 1. What 11 countries and two seas bound Germany after her partition of Poland with Rusia'.' 2. What country in Europe, exclusive of Russia, has the greatest distance between its two extremes'.' 3. What European nation was second to Russia in area before the Nax.i-Rcci split of Poland'.' 4. Name the nine bodies of waH-r straits omitted, that a .ship would pass through sailing tho shortest route from Odessa, Russia, to Leningrad. 5. Docs Paris lie closer tu Loudon than to the French-German border'? ou 1'iijfe T«vo Members of Hope Woodmen Circli Grove No. 196 attended a dislricl con vcntion of the society at Texarkana on Wednesday. Honor guests and speakers for tin occasion were Mrs. Lena Shugar National Rcginoal director, Garland, Texas; Mrs. Trcssic Goldsticker, stale manager, Little Rock; Mrs. Eva D. Taylor, national representative, district vice president, Hope; Mrs. Dora Mcaclor. state vice president, Texarkana; Mrs. Leona Springstead, slate auditor, and Mrs. Annie L. Brown, national representative, N. Little Rock; Mrs. Estelle Watersqn, national alternate. El Dorado; mid Mrs. Katie | Crowell. state auditor, Texarkana. i Local Wood'menCircl e members who 1 attended were: Mrs. C. C. Wcstertnan, I district assistant attendant; Mrs. Nettie I Wiggins, dislricl treasurer; Mrs. Katie ' Lasiter. and Audio Mac Harrison of ; Hope. ; The convention was held in the afternoon with formal opening ceremonies. A large class of candidates were initiated and new district officers were elected. A banquet was served al 6:30 with Mrs. Golil.sticker as loaslmislress. The evening' program will begin al S o'clock and will be open lo the public. Newly elected district officers j were installed and a memorial cere- ! mony held in honor of deceased mem- ! bcrs. i Arkansas, and Uic cily of Hope, Arkansas, aulhorizcd by issuance of a limited cerlificale of public convenience and neccssily in July, has been granted to the Louisiana-Nevada Transit company by the federal power commission. The certificate as issued had specified that construction should be started on or before August 15 and completed within 90 days, which would be November 13. The commission's order extends the lime for completion 00 days from that date. An interesting claim made by the company for inability to complete the pipe line by November 13 centers around repercussions of the European war. The petition states the ordcd for the pipe line was placed with Republic Slecl corporation on the day following the decision of the Arkansas body and that "the applicant was informed and verily believes that, clue to the present unusual conditions resulting from the state of war now existing in Europe and the increased volume of business in the steel mills, it is impossible for said Republic Steel corporation to commence rolling this pipe until the week of October 22, 1939; lhat it will be at least the 13lh day of November before Ihc firsl delivery of pipe can be made al Filslon, La.". Mexican Taxi Drivers Believe in Safety First ganizer, fleeing o North Carolina prison sentence, had found refuge in So- vicl Russia. Nazi Air Threat EDINBURG, Scotland—<#)—Two air raid warnings were sounded and "precautionary measures" were taken against the threat of Nazi bombing planes over important parts of northern Scotland Friday but the air ministry said no bombs were reported dropped. It was the second bombing menace in the Edinburgh area in five days and Ihe fourth menace to Scotland. The phrase" precautionary measures" is clarly referred to the de- efnding British aircraft which went aloft. Four rapid burst anti-aircaft fie head in Edinbugh befoe air raid sirens sounded. Water Limits Flexible HYDE PARK, N. Y.—(#>)—President Roosevelt took the posilion Friday that the limits of (he United States' erriorial waters arc flexible, varying from three to hundreds of miles, depending on circumstances under which limits are created. In case of belligerent submarines., which have been barred from America ports or territorial waters, the president said al a press conference that the limit of such waters would be three miles. The president said territorial limits arc in accordance with specific cases involving safety and neutrality. MEXICO CITY—(/h—The Mexican taxi' driver combines provincial superstition with the usual saltiness ol character traditionally associated wilh thai profession. There's hardly a cab in Mexico Cily lhal doesn't boast its special good luck piece that is expected to shunt misfortune away from its path. Many have a iny baby's shoe, well worn and shaped lo a fat baby fool, hanging from the windshield wipei by a blue ribbon. Olher talismen include locks of hair, a lady's compact, baseball gloves and even a tinj basin of holy water. Opposes Arms Embargo WASHINGTON—(#)—Senator Johnson (R-CaJif.) labelled as "an idioOc assumption" Friday what he declared to be the mam argument for repeal of the arms embargo that Hitler would conquer Europe and "we will be next" Johnson, called 'the proposed action repealing the eYnbargo which it is admitted by may give England and France an advantage over Germany in American wins markets. Johnson said such action would be the "firsl false step for the United (Continued, on Page Four).
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