Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas on October 19, 1939 · Page 6
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Hope Star from Hope, Arkansas · Page 6

Hope, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Thursday, October 19, 1939
Page 6
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PAGE SIX HOPE STAR, HOPE, ARKANSAS In addition to its help to war-torn Europe, the American Red Cron ie facing one of its busiest years in meeting the needs of the disaster- stricken while it carries on a daily fight against accidental death, disease and other forma of human distress THE THREAT OF EPIDEMIC —This youngster doesn't like the idta of inoculation, but in later years he will thank the Red Cross for its program of fighting the spread of communicable disease in the nation. HIGHWAY FIRST AID— While this Red Cross volunteer phones for a physician another First Aider gives emergency treatment to an injured motorist. There arc 500 emergency stations in the United States. FRIENDSHIP BETWEEN NATIONS—These Red Cross Juniors are part of an army of .7,500,000 young Americans carrying on a program of international correspondence to create a better understanding between nations. WATER SAFETY — Accidental drowning each year claims approximately 7,500 lives. During the past summer, the Red Cross certificated its millionth Life Saver. WOUNDS OF war in Europe thou- TO BIND THE WAR—With sands of Red Cross volunteers (left) throughout the country are preparing surgical dressings and refugee clothing, that needs of the injured may be met. Emergency closets of supplies are held in readiness for domestic calamities. TKui'sctay, QctoHei' 1ft, I ACCIDENTS IN THE HOME Hazards in the home such as the one pictured hero claim as many lives as automobile accidents. Red Cross accident prevention programs annually reach ten million homes. AID TO VETERANS AND SERVICE MEN—Scenes like this occur daily in military hospitals as Red Cross workers speed the recovery of the disabled veteran and aid men in active service and their dependents in solving their social and economic problems. (' Turkey Signs Up (Continued From Page One) route from Moscow where he spent almost a month of inconclusive dickering. Accompanying the' elderly French soldier were military experts. At the start of the Turkish-Rus- Eian conversations, Turkish officials said the prospective pact with Moscow would not be inconsistent with their country's commitments to France and Britain. Tuesday night, however, Prime Minister Saydam issued a communique saying ^Russia's proposals had proved FOR CHILLS AND FEVER And Othftr Malaria Misery! Don't go through the usual Malaria fufferujg! DonTt go on shivering with chills one moment end burn- tag with lever tbe next. Malaria Is relieved by Grove's Tasteless Chill Tonic. Yesf tois medicine really works. Made especially for Malaria. Contains taste* less quinidine and iron Grove's Tasteless Chill Tonic at- u^Pt CO {S bat ^i to l Malaria infeE tion fa the blood. Relieves tho w*a<*W}g. chills and fever. Helps fou feel better fast. Thousands take Grove's Tasteless ChiU Tonic for Malaria and swear &# P H sai tf t( ? ^ ake - to °- £ ve» Children take it without a whimper. - u 4 ast *}* first s 'S n °f Malaria. Take Grove's Tasteless Chill Tonic M «U drugstores. Buy the large y ° U much more tor Soviet Can't Send Much to Nazis i Without Sacrificing 5-Year Plan Ban Is Placed On (Continued from Page One) By MORGAN M. BEATTY , AP Feature Service Writer I WASHINGTON — One glance at the ; blueprint of the current Soviet Five- i Year plan, and you wonder whether ! Stalin is (1) scarificing the plan on ; the altar of Russo-German trade, or i (2) pulling Hitler's leg. i Go back, as I did, to January of this i year, when Stalin laid down the law for the Five-year plan. Here's a part of what he said: ". . . . It is undeniable that . . . the country (U.S.S.R.* still lags behind the capitalist states in an economic sense . . . Because of the low level of industrial production which prevailed before the World war, the present level is still below that of. capitalist countries with respect to per capita production: in such respects as electric power, pig iron, steel and coal production and the manufacture of consumption goods, such as textiles, apper, soap and some others, the U. S. S. R. is still backawrd . . . contrary to Turkish policy in the Dardanelles, Turkish-owned gateway to the Black sea. Some reports said Kremlin officials demanded that only Russian warships be permitted to pass. Saydam said the Soviet proposals were contrary to Turkish security, failed to compensate her for obligations she would assume and were incompatible with her British and French crjmmitment.s. The Turkish press unanimously approved the government's firm attitude in rejecting the proposals "without hesitation." It praised what it teiinetl the "Turkish detenninatior uot tu enter any eombinaion depriving thi.s country of her right I rule the Dardanelles." YOUR CLOTHES Always Look Better When cleaned by our Modern Methods HALL BROS. Cleaners and Hatters Phone 385 South Elm Street This backwardness mustbc completely I overcome before communism can tri- I umph in its historic competition with j capitalis , . " Stalin was concerned with communist stomachs, too. He said: "The third-plan period is to car- j ry further the satisfaction of the j needs and desires of the workers | for foodstuffs, housing facilities and services of a domestic and cultural nature. . . " And how did Stalin plan to carry through this advancement? He decreed in the same speech an ncrcase in producton all along the line. He ordered industry to increase the value of its output by 88 per cent, come 19-12, Agriculture got instruc-1 tions to step up its output 53 per cent. All of this was duly reported in the official Russian newspaper, Prava- da. and translated and reprotduced in bulletins by the United States Department of Commerce. Again very soon after the Stalin orders were published, Pravacla macfe the plight of the Soviet even plainer to the communist in the street, by comparing Russia's production wih capitalist America. The pictorgram, , headed "Production," is based on ; fravad's comparison. Now, asks the American economist | who knows Russian trade, how can Russia step up the production of raw natcrials to feed an industrial mac- linc charged with increasing pro- iuction by 83 per cent, and at the amc time export raw materials to Jermany? Or. if it's gra-in they're going to cx- ji>rt. here's another picture in sta- islic.'.: Official Soviet figures listed by the United States Department of Commerce indicate total grain crop iroduction at an annual rate just ow of some 3.300,000,000 bushels, or • bout 21 bushels per capita. (You can omr.are that with the United Stat•s per capita production of 38 bush- is j Last year, Russia had only 50.000.'» bushels to export, not neecs- arily because it was a true surplus ver the needs of her people, but be- :ausc she needed the gold it brought. n the world market. Even so. 50 million bushels of grain 'A- two nations mobilized to the hilt is arc- Germany and Russia, is a mere ;lrop in the feed bucket. Now what about the products Ger- iiany could .send to Russia? United Stales Department of Commerce figures on Russian trade, tak- n from official Russian sources, show pretty clearly that the deficiency 'jcimany could supply would be machinery, tooli. and similar finished products. And what nation supplied that deficiency in Russia last year? The i ictogram headed "Russian 1m mandcr, such as bad weath. ie principle of force majcwre would 1 permit a submarine chased by an enemy warship to take refuge in an American port, but the vessel could not remain more than 24 hours. The president did not. say what would he done with belligerent submarines entering American ports or waters in violation of the proclamation, but experts said they could be interned. The proclamation spoke of "trial and punishment" of any offenders. The commander could be tried under the neutrality act, and if convicted could be sentenced to five years in prison and a fine of $10,000. ports" based on official Russian trade figures, tells the story for the last six years. The United States is the culprit. We have taken the place of Germany in Russia's trade with western nations. And conservative estimates indicate that some 80 per cent of our exports last year were machines, tool.s and products of that kind. Mere's a Catch Therefore, if Russia plans to switch all that machine business .to Germany, she must face the propect of a costly re-tooling of many large machine units in her production 'plants. You can't have machinery of one pattern turning out part of a product, and machinery f anther pattern turning ut the rest of it. Not only would the process of re-tooling be extremely costly, but it would have a ten- .dency to slow down production all along the assembly lines. And that would probably slow down the pace of Ptalin's ambitious third Five-Year plan Therefore, American economists are wondering whether Stalin is going to sacrifice part of hLs plan, or pull Hitler's leg and send no raw materials to Germany. Trying to swing both the trade agreement with Germany and a third Five-Year plan at the same time, would be u good deal like trying to have one's cake and eat it too. Bruce Catton Says: Subpena Saved Krivitsky from Deportation by U.S. By BRUCE CATTON NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON — The Russian gentleman who was born Samuel Ginsburg and now calls himself Walter J. Krivitsky has had an uneasy time of it during the months preceding his apperaranec here as a witness before the Dies committee on un-American activities. On the one hand, he has been afraid® of violence at the luinds of Russian agents. For that reason hc has kept in strict seclusion, remaining under cover in cities in New York and New England. On the other hancK he has been afraid of the United States government, which has been trying to deport him. Only the intervention of Congressman Dies kept the government from shipping Krivitsky back to France last spring. The true story of Krivitsky's stay in this country is only now coming out. he entered the country on Nov. 10, 1938, carrying a French certificate of identity, French travel papers and a permit allowing him to live in France until December, 1940. His papers permitted a four-month stay in America. At the same time the Labor Department (of which the Immigration Service is a branch) received a communication from William Bullitt, U. S. ambassador to France, saying that Leon Blum, ex-premier of France, had asked that all legitimate courtesies be extended to Krivitsky and had stated that he, Blum, was ready to vouch for him. Bullitt, who was in Washington at the time, passed this on without recommendation. Krivitsky had lost his Russian citizenship—by his own account he was a forme chief of Soviet military intelligence for western Europe, now in very bad with Dictator Stalin—and was what the State Department calls a stateless person, or a man without a 3. On March 2-1 hc was formally notified that his application had been received and that he would be informed of tbe decision in due course. On April 15 appeared the first of his articles—an "expose" of conditions in Soviet Russia, printed in the Saturday Evening Post. Chairman Dies immediately decided that Krivitsky ought to testify before the un- American committee. his appearance as a witness. Krivitsky lived uneventfully thereafter until June 29, when three things happened. Newspaper stories announced that he was about to be deported; the company which had pvit up the $500 bond which hc had been admitted to the country was notified that if he did not surrender within five days his bond would be forfeited; and Im- migration' Commissioner James L. ' Houghtelling telephoned the Dies com- , mittec and asked if Krivitsky was un-t cler suhpcna. Told that he was, Houghtclling s.nd i no action would be taken to inter-, fere with his appearance before the committee. There the matter rested until Kri- Ivitsky was finally put on the wit. ness stand just the other day. Early in May friend of Krivisky went to hte immigration service and complained that Krivitsky hadn't yet had any word about his application. Hc was told that the application would be denied and that Krivitsky would presently be notified. Dies heard ot this, and promptly served Krivitsky with a subpena, to prevent his deportation until after MANY NEVER SUSPECT CAUSE OF BACKACHES Thii Old Treatment Often Bring* Happy Relief Many Bufferrra relieve IKIUUHIK l';i<'kii<-lir quickly, once they disci. vor linn tli of their trouble mav IIP lirc.l l,idiii>i The kidji(\VH ii rn S'atuif's rdii-f u;, the eicrss acids mid uncle nin ,,f They help must people pas nf liiki Whon dUunlcr of kidm-.v fun . poisonoiiH nmUcr to r(-niiiiii country. He joined forces with a literary collaborator to prepare some special .-tagtt articles and begin work on a book, and vanished from sight. nmy cause imaging biirknrh - - ; . — „.,- - „ leg pinna, loss of pop :m<! Ill V(ll , rlinn 'lirriry. 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